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anemia induce in rats

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138994/megakaryocyte-expansion-and-macrophage-infiltration-in-bone-marrow-of-rats-subchronically-treated-with-mnx-n-nitroso-environmental-degradation-product-of-munitions-compound-rdx-hexahydro-1-3-5-trinitro-1-3-5-triazine
#1
Sindhura Ramasahayam, Sridhar Jaligama, Sahar M Atwa, Joshua T Salley, Marissa Thongdy, Benny L Blaylock, Sharon A Meyer
Hexahydro-1-nitroso-3,5-dinitro-1,3,5-triazine (MNX), environmental degradation product of munitions hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), causes seizures in rats with acute oral exposure like parent RDX. Our previous studies have additionally reported hematotoxicity with acute MNX exposure manifested as myelosuppression, anemia and splenic hemosiderosis. This study explored whether MNX administered subchronically continued to target bone marrow to elicit peripheral blood cytopenia. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were gavaged daily for 4 or 6 weeks with 47 mg kg(-1)  day(-1) MNX (¼ LD50 ) or vehicle (5% dimethyl sulfoxide in corn oil) and hematological and clinical chemistry parameters, spleen weights, spleen and bone marrow histopathology and immunohistochemistry with ED1 anti-CD68 macrophage marker were evaluated 24 h after the last dose...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121869/blood-congestion-can-be-rescued-by-hemodilution-in-a-random-pattern-skin-flap
#2
Koji Kanayama, Kazuhide Mineda, Takanobu Mashiko, Szu-Hsien Wu, Jingwei Feng, Kahori Kinoshita, Ataru Sunaga, Kotaro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: There is no standard method to ensure survival of random-pattern skin flaps. The authors developed a rat anemia model to observe survival of random-pattern skin flaps after blood transfusion and hemodilution. METHODS: Anemia was induced by withdrawal of 35 percent blood volume followed by compensation with the same amount of blood (blood transfusion model) or plasma equivalent (normovolemic hemodilution). Control rats were subjected to a sham procedure...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111218/betanin-isolated-from-fruits-of-opuntia-elatior-mill-attenuates-renal-fibrosis-in-diabetic-rats-through-regulating-oxidative-stress-and-tgf-%C3%AE-pathway
#3
Brijesh Sutariya, Madhusudan Saraf
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The fruits of Opuntia elatior Mill are being used traditionally in different disease condition like diabetes, obesity, asthma, inflammatory disorders, and anemia. Betanin, a compound isolated from fruits of Opuntia elatior Mill has potent anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activity. Recent study from our lab indicated the protective effect of betanin against high glucose induced rat renal epithelial cell fibrosis and matrix accumulation, major features of diabetic nephropathy (DN)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089715/ameliorating-effects-of-herbal-formula-hemomine-on-experimental-subacute-hemorrhagic-anemia-in-rats
#4
Sae Kwang Ku, Hyemee Kim, Joo Wan Kim, Ki Sung Kang, Hae-Jeung Lee
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hemomine (HM) is an herbal mixture consisting of 5 varieties of the hematopoietic herbal extracts (Angelica gigas Nakai, Cnidium officinale Makino, Paeonia lactiflora Pall., Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz ex Stueudel, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer). AIM OF THE STUDY: Anemia has been treated with iron supplements, whereas it could cause adverse side effects such as digestive discomfort. In the present study, HM was applied to SHA rats to test for several activities so as to verify its therapeutic potentials on anemia and digestive discomfort...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087888/simulated-microgravity-decreases-circulating-iron-in-rats-role-of-inflammation-induced-hepcidin-upregulation
#5
Thibault Cavey, Nicolas Pierre, Kévin Nay, Coralie Allain, Martine Ropert, Olivier Loréal, Frédéric Derbré
During spaceflight, humans exposed to microgravity exhibit an increase of iron storage and a reduction of circulating iron. Such perturbations could promote oxidative stress and anemia in astronauts. The mechanism by which microgravity modulates iron metabolism is still unknown. Herein, we hypothesized that microgravity up-regulates hepcidin, a hormone produced by the liver that is the main controller of iron homeostasis. To test this hypothesis, rats were submitted to hindlimb unloading (HU), the reference model to mimic the effects of microgravity in rodents...
January 13, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070102/altered-susceptibility-of-an-obese-rat-model-to-13-week-subchronic-toxicity-induced-by-3-monochloropropane-1-2-diol
#6
Takeshi Toyoda, Young-Man Cho, Jun-Ichi Akagi, Yasuko Mizuta, Kohei Matsushita, Akiyoshi Nishikawa, Katsumi Imaida, Kumiko Ogawa
3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) is a heat-induced food contaminant that has been shown to be a nongenotoxic renal carcinogen. Although the toxicity of 3-MCPD has been widely investigated for decades, there is a further concern that 3-MCPD might exert more potent toxicity in high-risk population with underlying diseases such as hyperlipidemia associated with obesity. In the present study, we performed a 13-week subchronic toxicity study for 3-MCPD using an obesity rat model to investigate the differences in susceptibility between obese and normal individuals...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054454/epoetin-beta-pegol-ameliorates-flow-mediated-dilation-with-improving-enos-coupling-state-in-non-obese-diabetic-rats
#7
Kenichi Serizawa, Kenji Yogo, Yoshihito Tashiro, Ryohei Kawasaki, Koichi Endo, Yasushi Shimonaka, Michinori Hirata
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with diabetic nephropathy have a high cardiovascular mortality. Epoetin beta pegol (continuous erythropoietin receptor activator, C.E.R.A.) is a drug for the treatment of renal anemia. In this study, we investigated the effect of C.E.R.A. on vascular endothelial function as evaluated by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and the relationship between hematopoiesis and FMD in diabetic nephropathy rats. METHODS: Male Spontaneously Diabetic Torii rats (SDT, 22 weeks old) were used...
January 5, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042744/influence-of-acute-and-chronic-kidney-failure-in-rats-on-the-disposition-and-pharmacokinetics-of-zyan1-a-novel-prolyl-hydroxylase-inhibitor-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-kidney-disease-induced-anemia
#8
Harilal Patel, Amit Arvind Joharapurkar, Vrajesh Bhaskarbhai Pandya, Vishal Jagjivanbhai Patel, Samadhan Govind Kshirsagar, Prakash Patel, Bhavesh Gevriya, Mukul R Jain, Nuggehally R Srinivas, Pankaj Ramanbhai Patel, Ranjit C Desai
1. ZYAN1 is a prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor in clinical development for treatment of anemia associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We evaluated the effect of acute and chronic kidney impairment on the pharmacokinetics of ZYAN1 in rat models. 2. Cisplatin (2.5, 5 and 7.5 mg/kg) was used to induce acute kidney injury (AKI), and five-sixth and total nephrectomy was used to induce chronic kidney injury (CKI) in male Wistar rats. All groups received a single 15 mg/kg oral dose of ZYAN1. Blood/urine samples were analyzed for ZYAN1 to assess peak concentration (Cmax), area under the concentration-time curve (AUCinf), total body clearance (CL/F) and elimination half-life (T1/2)...
January 19, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002958/discovery-of-n-bis-4-methoxyphenyl-methyl-4-hydroxy-2-pyridazin-3-yl-pyrimidine-5-carboxamide-mk-8617-an-orally-active-pan-inhibitor-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-prolyl-hydroxylase-1-3-hif-phd1-3-for-the-treatment-of-anemia
#9
John S Debenham, Christina Madsen-Duggan, Matthew J Clements, Thomas F Walsh, Jeffrey T Kuethe, Mikhail Reibarkh, Scott P Salowe, Lisa M Sonatore, Richard Hajdu, James A Milligan, Denise M Visco, Dan Zhou, Russell B Lingham, Dominique Stickens, Julie A DeMartino, Xinchun Tong, Michael Wolff, Jianmei Pang, Randy R Miller, Edward C Sherer, Jeffrey J Hale
The discovery of novel 4-hydroxy-2-(heterocyclic)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide inhibitors of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylases (PHD) is described. These are potent, selective, orally bioavailable across several species, and active in stimulating erythropoiesis. Mouse and rat studies showed hematological changes with elevations of plasma EPO and circulating reticulocytes following single oral dose administration, while 4-week q.d. po administration in rat elevated hemoglobin levels. A major focus of the optimization process was to decrease the long half-life observed in higher species with early compounds...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999774/hyal-2-wwox-smad4-signaling-in-cell-death-and-anticancer-response
#10
REVIEW
Li-Jin Hsu, Ming-Fu Chiang, Chun-I Sze, Wan-Pei Su, Ye Vone Yap, I-Ting Lee, Hsiang-Ling Kuo, Nan-Shan Chang
Hyaluronidase HYAL-2 is a membrane-anchored protein and also localizes, in part, in the lysosome. Recent study from animal models revealed that both HYAL-1 and HYAL-2 are essential for the metabolism of hyaluronan (HA). Hyal-2 deficiency is associated with chronic thrombotic microangiopathy with hemolytic anemia in mice due to over accumulation of high molecular size HA. HYAL-2 is essential for platelet generation. Membrane HYAL-2 degrades HA bound by co-receptor CD44. Also, in a non-canonical signal pathway, HYAL-2 serves as a receptor for transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) to signal with downstream tumor suppressors WWOX and SMAD4 to control gene transcription...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870894/identification-of-stages-of-erythroid-differentiation-in-bone-marrow-and-erythrocyte-subpopulations-in-blood-circulation-that-are-preferentially-lost-in-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-in-mouse
#11
Sreoshi Chatterjee, Nitin Bhardwaj, Rajiv K Saxena
Repeated weekly injections of rat erythrocytes produced autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) in C57BL/6 mice after 5-6 weeks. Using the double in vivo biotinylation (DIB) technique, recently developed in our laboratory, turnover of erythrocyte cohorts of different age groups during AIHA was monitored. Results indicate a significant decline in the proportion of reticulocytes, young and intermediate age groups of erythrocytes, but a significant increase in the proportion of old erythrocytes in blood circulation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862990/effects-of-ferric-citrate-supplementation-on-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-a-rat-model-of-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-diabetes
#12
Kuo-Ching Chao, Seu-Hwa Chen, Chun-Chao Chang, Yu-Chieh Lee, Chi-Mei Wang, Jung-Su Chang
SCOPE: Diabetes is associated with increased risks of anemia and activation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptor for AGEs (RAGE). However, the effects of pharmacological doses of iron supplementation on AGE metabolism are less clear. The aim was to investigate the effect of ferric citrate supplementation on AGE metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS: Diabetes was induced in overnight starved rats by intraperitoneal injections of 40 mg/kg streptozotocin and 120 mg/kg nicotinamide...
November 10, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857830/the-effects-of-nanoparticles-containing-iron-on-blood-and-inflammatory-markers-in-comparison-to-ferrous-sulfate-in-anemic-rats
#13
Elaheh Honarkar Shafie, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Mohammad Esmaiel Kefayati, Fatemeh Taheri, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Mohammad Reza Vafa
BACKGROUND: Ferrous sulfate is the most used supplement for treating anemia, but it can result in unfavorable side effects. Nowadays, nanotechnology is used as a way to increase bioavailability and decrease the side effects of drugs and nutrients. This study investigates the effects of nanoparticles containing iron on blood and inflammatory markers in comparison to ferrous sulfate in anemic rats. METHODS: To induce the model of hemolytic anemia, 50 mg/kg bw phenylhydrazine was injected intraperitoneally in rats on the 1(st) day and 25 mg/kg bw for the four following days...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750081/metabolomics-insights-into-activated-redox-signaling-and-lipid-metabolism-dysfunction-in-chronic-kidney-disease-progression
#14
Hua Chen, Gang Cao, Dan-Qian Chen, Ming Wang, Nosratola D Vaziri, Zhi-Hao Zhang, Jia-Rong Mao, Xu Bai, Ying-Yong Zhao
Early detection is critical in prevention and treatment of kidney disease. However currently clinical laboratory and histopathological tests do not provide region-specific and accurate biomarkers for early detection of kidney disease. The present study was conducted to identify sensitive biomarkers for early detection and progression of tubulo-interstitial nephropathy in aristolochic acid I-induced rats at weeks 4, 8 and 12. Biomarkers were validated using aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) rats at week 24, adenine-induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) rats and CKD patients...
September 28, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716569/iron-citrate-reduces-high-phosphate-induced-vascular-calcification-by-inhibiting-apoptosis
#15
Paola Ciceri, Francesca Elli, Paola Braidotti, Monica Falleni, Delfina Tosi, Gaetano Bulfamante, Geoffrey A Block, Mario Cozzolino
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High phosphate-induced vascular calcification (VC) and iron deficiency-induced anemia are two major contributors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD). Since phosphate (Pi) control and iron replacement are common therapies in CKD, the aim of our study was to investigate the effect of iron on high Pi-induced VC in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). METHODS: We treated VSMCs with 5 mM Pi and iron citrate (Fe(3+)) to evaluate Ca deposition by Alizarin Red destaining, DNA fragmentation by ELISA, gene expression by RT-PCR and protein expression by Western blot...
September 30, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669335/iron-deficiency-impairs-developing-hippocampal-neuron-gene-expression-energy-metabolism-and-dendrite-complexity
#16
Thomas W Bastian, William C von Hohenberg, Daniel J Mickelson, Lorene M Lanier, Michael K Georgieff
Iron deficiency (ID), with and without anemia, affects an estimated 2 billion people worldwide. ID is particularly deleterious during early-life brain development, leading to long-term neurological impairments including deficits in hippocampus-mediated learning and memory. Neonatal rats with fetal/neonatal ID anemia (IDA) have shorter hippocampal CA1 apical dendrites with disorganized branching. ID-induced dendritic structural abnormalities persist into adulthood despite normalization of the iron status. However, the specific developmental effects of neuronal iron loss on hippocampal neuron dendrite growth and branching are unknown...
2016: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589391/novel-rat-model-of-repetitive-portal-venous-embolization-mimicking-human-non-cirrhotic-idiopathic-portal-hypertension
#17
Sabine Klein, Christian Hinüber, Kanishka Hittatiya, Robert Schierwagen, Frank Erhard Uschner, Christian P Strassburg, Hans-Peter Fischer, Ulrich Spengler, Jonel Trebicka
BACKGROUND: Non-cirrhotic idiopathic portal hypertension (NCIPH) is characterized by splenomegaly, anemia and portal hypertension, while liver function is preserved. However, no animal models have been established yet. This study assessed a rat model of NCIPH and characterized the hemodynamics, and compared it to human NCIPH. METHODS: Portal pressure (PP) was measured invasively and coloured microspheres were injected in the ileocecal vein in rats. This procedure was performed weekly for 3 weeks (weekly embolization)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539110/possible-mechanisms-of-cardiac-contractile-dysfunction-and-electrical-changes-in-ammonium-chloride-induced-chronic-metabolic-acidosis-in-wistar-rats
#18
N N Lasheen, G F Mohamed
Metabolic acidosis could occur due to either endogenous acids accumulation or bicarbonate loss from the gastrointestinal tract or commonly from the kidney. This study aimed to investigate the possible underlying mechanism(s) of chronic acidosis-induced cardiac contractile and electrical changes in rats. Twenty four adult Wistar rats, of both sexes, were randomly divided into control group and chronic metabolic acidosis group, which received orally 0.28 M NH(4)Cl in the drinking water for 2 weeks. At the end of experimental period, systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were measured...
December 13, 2016: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497636/protective-effects-of-the-roots-of-angelica-sinensis-on-strenuous-exercise-induced-sports-anemia-in-rats
#19
Chih-Wei Chang, Yi-Ming Chen, Yi-Ju Hsu, Chi-Chang Huang, Yu-Tse Wu, Mei-Chich Hsu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sports anemia is a persistent and severe problem in athletes owing to strenuous exercise-induced oxidative stress and hepcidin upregulation. The roots of Angelica sinensis (AS), a familiar traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for replenishing blood since antiquity. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects of ethanolic AS extract in a 4-week study on sports anemia in female Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To induce anemia, a strenuous exercise protocol consisting of running and swimming was employed with increasing intensity...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492403/dynamics-of-erythropoiesis-in-erythroblastic-islands-in-the-bone-marrow-in-experimental-benzene-induced-anemia
#20
N V Tishevskaya, A A Bolotov, Ya E Lebedeva
In 14 days after triple subcutaneous injection of benzene to rats in a dose of 0.05 ml/100 g body weight, the number of erythroblastic islands in the bone marrow 2-fold decreased, de novo erythropoiesis ceased, de repeto erythropoiesis slowed down, and the number of lymphoid cells contacting with erythroblastic islands decreased. By day 56 of the experiment, proliferation of erythroid cells in the bone marrow start to recover due to erythropoiesis reconstitution, but the number of reticulocytes in the blood remained low...
July 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
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