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Katherine J Barrett, Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Margaret E Bentley
Infant feeding is a well-established topic of interest in obesity research, yet few studies have focused on contributions of nonmaternal caregivers (NMCs)-such as fathers, grandparents, and daycare providers-to infant feeding. Data from the Infant Care, Feeding and Risk of Obesity Project in North Carolina were used to investigate (a) which factors were associated with NMC feeding styles and (b) how NMCs' and mothers' feeding styles compared. Multivariate regression models utilizing random effects were used to analyse data from 108 NMCs who were identified by mothers as being heavily involved in infant feeding...
April 25, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Maija-Riitta Jouhki, Tarja Suominen, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki
BACKGROUND: home births are quite rare and are not supported as part of mainstream health care services in most European countries. Women who choose home as the place of birth often do so because maternity services in hospitals do not offer the options that they want. The aim of the present study is to describe women's experiences of giving birth at home and to produce a comprehensive structure of meaning regarding giving birth at home. DESIGN: a phenomenological study based on analysis of open-interview transcripts using Colaizzi's approach...
October 2017: Midwifery
Simone S M Ho, Alice N L Kwong, Karen W S Wan, Rosita M L Ho, Ka Ming Chow
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences towards aromatherapy massage use, and to examine the perceived benefits and adverse effects of aromatherapy massage among adult female cancer patients. METHOD: A qualitative research design was used. Fifteen women with cancer were recruited for semi-structured interviews. Sample recruitment was undertaken through cancer self-help groups and referrals of a private aromatherapy clinic by convenience sampling. The interview data were analysed by thematic analysis...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Julie C Lumeng, Niko Kaciroti, Lauren Retzloff, Katherine Rosenblum, Alison L Miller
Maternal feeding is a frequent intervention target for the prevention of early childhood obesity but longitudinal associations between feeding and child overweight are poorly understood. This observational cohort study sought to examine the cross-lagged associations between maternal feeding and overweight across ages 21, 27, and 33 months. Feeding was measured by maternal self-report (n = 222) at each age. Child weight and length were measured. Cross-lagged analysis was used to evaluate longitudinal associations between feeding and overweight, adjusting for infant birth weight, maternal body mass index, maternal education, and maternal depressive symptoms...
June 1, 2017: Appetite
Brian Cornelius
Traumatic injury is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Massive hemorrhage is responsible for the vast majority of deaths. Evolution in trauma treatment has resulted in major improvements to emergency care. Tranexamic acid (TXA), an antifibrinolytic agent, is synthetically derived from amino acids. The CRASH-2 study demonstrated that the early administration of TXA results in significant decreases in morbidity and mortality. Experiences by coalition forces in Southwest Asia found a substantial increase in survival of trauma patients with early TXA administration...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Hendrik Poorter, Fabio Fiorani, Roland Pieruschka, Tobias Wojciechowski, Wim H van der Putten, Michael Kleyer, Uli Schurr, Johannes Postma
I. 839 II. 839 III. 841 IV. 845 V. 847 VI. 848 VII. 849 VIII. 851 851 852 References 852 Appendix A1 854 SUMMARY: Plant biologists often grow plants in growth chambers or glasshouses with the ultimate aim to understand or improve plant performance in the field. What is often overlooked is how results from controlled conditions translate back to field situations. A meta-analysis showed that lab-grown plants had faster growth rates, higher nitrogen concentrations and different morphology. They remained smaller, however, because the lab plants had grown for a much shorter time...
December 2016: New Phytologist
Katarina Karlsson, Ann-Charlotte Dalheim Englund, Karin Enskär, Maria Nyström, Ingela Rydström
Needle-related medical procedures (NRMPs) are something that all young children need to undergo at some point. These procedures may involve feelings of fear, pain and anxiety, which can cause problems later in life either when seeking healthcare in general or when seeking care specifically involving needles. More knowledge is needed about supporting children during these procedures. AIM: This study aims to explain and understand the meaning of the research phenomenon: support during NRMPs...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Joel G Ray, Gillian L Booth, David A Alter, Marian J Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged women are at higher risk than men of death after coronary artery revascularization. Maternal placental syndromes (gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, placental abruption, and placental infarction) are associated with premature coronary artery disease, but their influence on survival after coronary artery revascularization is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a history of maternal placental syndromes alters the risk of death after coronary artery revascularization in middle-aged women...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Joshua B Brown, Francis X Guyette, Matthew D Neal, Jeffrey A Claridge, Brian J Daley, Brian G Harbrecht, Richard S Miller, Herb A Phelan, Peter W Adams, Barbara J Early, Andrew B Peitzman, Timothy R Billiar, Jason L Sperry
Hemorrhage and trauma induced coagulopathy remain major drivers of early preventable mortality in military and civilian trauma. Interest in the use of prehospital plasma in hemorrhaging patients as a primary resuscitation agent has grown recently. Trauma center-based damage control resuscitation using early and aggressive plasma transfusion has consistently demonstrated improved outcomes in hemorrhaging patients. Additionally, plasma has been shown to have several favorable immunomodulatory effects. Preliminary evidence with prehospital plasma transfusion has demonstrated feasibility and improved short-term outcomes...
July 2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2014: Nursing Standard
Brian K Miller
Members of Generation Y, or Millennials, have been accused of being lazy, whiny, pampered, and entitled, particularly in the college classroom. Using an equity theory framework, eight items from a measure of work entitlement were adapted to measure academic entitlement in a university setting in three independent samples. In Study 1 (n = 229), confirmatory factor analyses indicated good model fit to a unidimensional structure for the data. In Study 2 (n = 200), the questionnaire predicted unique variance in university satisfaction beyond two more general measures of dispositional entitlement...
October 2013: Psychological Reports
Ellen Albeck, Jörg Eilfeldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2012: Krankenpflege. Soins Infirmiers
Michelle Jacobs, Pamela S Sherry, Leigh M Taylor, Mary Amato, Gary R Tataronis, Gary Cushing
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that pharmacists working with physicians and other providers in an ambulatory care setting can improve glucose, blood pressure, and lipid control for patients with type 2 diabetes and to report patient adherence to screening and general preventive measures. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical practice study. SETTING: Burlington, MA, between January 2001 and August 2003. PATIENTS: 164 patients patients with type 2 diabetes older than 18 years with glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) greater than 8%...
September 2012: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Anita Yadav, T P Yadav
OBJECTIVE: To assess school adjustment, self-concept, self-esteem, general wellbeing and parent-child relationship in children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)and to study the correlation of these parameters with chronicity of disease, number of active joints, laboratory parameters of disease activity and JIA subtypes. METHODS: A total of 64 children (32 cases and 32 controls) were recruited for analysis. Self report questionnaires which included PGI General Wellbeing Measure, Adjustment Inventory for School Students, Parent Child Relationship Scale, Self Esteem Inventory and Self Concept Questionnaires were used to assess all the enrolled subjects...
March 2013: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Sharon E Jacob, Elise M Herro, Shireen Guide, Bari Cunningham, Elizabeth A Connelly
We present four cases of children less than 2 years of age, seen in four different practices, with a similar, unique, and specific presentation of diaper dermatitis, all while using Pampers Baby Dry with Drymax technology. To date, no reported cases exist of allergic contact dermatitis to Pampers Dryweave in medical literature.
September 2012: Pediatric Dermatology
Ajai R Singh, Shakuntala A Singh
Private investment in biomedical research has increased over the last few decades. At most places it has been welcomed as the next best thing to technology itself. Much of the intellectual talent from academic institutions is getting absorbed in lucrative positions in industry. Applied research finds willing collaborators in venture capital funded industry, so a symbiotic growth is ensured for both.There are significant costs involved too. As academia interacts with industry, major areas of conflict of interest especially applicable to biomedical research have arisen...
January 2007: Mens Sana Monographs
J Topolav, G Kirov, G Markov, K Girov, P Nedkov, A Georgieva
The authors adopt in clinical practice using of sterile hygroscopic wound dressings 'pampers type'. They use these dressings in 113 patients. The appropriate patients are these with limbs amputations, diabetic foot, suppurative and plenty secreting deep wounds, atonite and decubital wounds. The dressings are sterilised using paraformaldehyde sterilization which do not injure the synthetic materials. The hygroscopic dressings are non- allergic and are well tolerated by the patients. Using these dressings facilitate the medical team work and help to reduce the contamination of the hospital linen and the patients coverlet...
2010: Khirurgiia
J Bradford Bowzard, William G Davis, Victoria Jeisy-Scott, Priya Ranjan, Shivaprakash Gangappa, Takashi Fujita, Suryaprakash Sambhara
Retinoic-acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I) is an important component of the innate immune response to many RNA viruses that limits viral replication until adaptive immunity becomes available to clear the infection. Upon binding to the nucleic acid genomes and replication intermediates of these viruses, RIG-I undergoes a complex activation process that involves post-translational modifications and structural rearrangements. Once activated, RIG-I upregulates well-studied signal transduction pathways that lead to the production of type-I interferons (IFNs) and a large variety of antiviral IFN-stimulated genes...
June 2011: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
Susan E Mannon, Eagan Kemp
This article explores how young men in Costa Rica negotiate ideas of manhood under neoliberalism. We draw on interview data involving 23 men, ages 15–35, residing in one Costa Rican city. Comparing men across three different class locations, we find diverse "markers of manhood." Our data suggest an emerging globally dominant masculine ideal among an elite class of men, a declining locally dominant masculine ideal among working-class men, and a cynical, possibly counter-cultural masculine ideal among poor men...
2010: Bulletin of Latin American Research
M S Pearce, S V Glinianaia, J Rankin, S Rushton, M Charlton, L Parker, T Pless-Mulloli
OBJECTIVES: Research evidence suggests that exposure to ambient air pollutants can adversely affect the growth and development of the foetus and infant survival. Much less is known regarding the potential for an association between black smoke air pollution and stillbirth risk. This potential association was examined using data from the historical cohort UK Particulate Matter and Perinatal Events Research (PAMPER) study. METHODS: Using data from paper-based neonatal records from the two major maternity hospitals in Newcastle upon Tyne (UK), a birth record database of all singletons born during 1961-1992 to mothers resident in the city was constructed...
January 2010: Environmental Research
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