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Katarina Karlsson, Ann-Charlotte Dalheim Englund, Karin Enskär, Maria Nyström, Ingela Rydström
: Needle-related medical procedures (NRMPs) are something that all young children need to undergo at some point. These procedures may involve feelings of fear, pain and anxiety, which can cause problems later in life either when seeking healthcare in general or when seeking care specifically involving needles. More knowledge is needed about supporting children during these procedures. AIM: This study aims to explain and understand the meaning of the research phenomenon: support during NRMPs...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Joel G Ray, Gillian L Booth, David A Alter, Marian J Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged women are at higher risk than men of death after coronary artery revascularization. Maternal placental syndromes (gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, placental abruption, and placental infarction) are associated with premature coronary artery disease, but their influence on survival after coronary artery revascularization is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a history of maternal placental syndromes alters the risk of death after coronary artery revascularization in middle-aged women...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Joshua B Brown, Francis X Guyette, Matthew D Neal, Jeffrey A Claridge, Brian J Daley, Brian G Harbrecht, Richard S Miller, Herb A Phelan, Peter W Adams, Barbara J Early, Andrew B Peitzman, Timothy R Billiar, Jason L Sperry
Hemorrhage and trauma induced coagulopathy remain major drivers of early preventable mortality in military and civilian trauma. Interest in the use of prehospital plasma in hemorrhaging patients as a primary resuscitation agent has grown recently. Trauma center-based damage control resuscitation using early and aggressive plasma transfusion has consistently demonstrated improved outcomes in hemorrhaging patients. Additionally, plasma has been shown to have several favorable immunomodulatory effects. Preliminary evidence with prehospital plasma transfusion has demonstrated feasibility and improved short-term outcomes...
July 2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2014: Nursing Standard
Brian K Miller
Members of Generation Y, or Millennials, have been accused of being lazy, whiny, pampered, and entitled, particularly in the college classroom. Using an equity theory framework, eight items from a measure of work entitlement were adapted to measure academic entitlement in a university setting in three independent samples. In Study 1 (n = 229), confirmatory factor analyses indicated good model fit to a unidimensional structure for the data. In Study 2 (n = 200), the questionnaire predicted unique variance in university satisfaction beyond two more general measures of dispositional entitlement...
October 2013: Psychological Reports
Ellen Albeck, Jörg Eilfeldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2012: Krankenpflege. Soins Infirmiers
Michelle Jacobs, Pamela S Sherry, Leigh M Taylor, Mary Amato, Gary R Tataronis, Gary Cushing
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that pharmacists working with physicians and other providers in an ambulatory care setting can improve glucose, blood pressure, and lipid control for patients with type 2 diabetes and to report patient adherence to screening and general preventive measures. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical practice study. SETTING: Burlington, MA, between January 2001 and August 2003. PATIENTS: 164 patients patients with type 2 diabetes older than 18 years with glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) greater than 8%...
September 2012: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Anita Yadav, T P Yadav
OBJECTIVE: To assess school adjustment, self-concept, self-esteem, general wellbeing and parent-child relationship in children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)and to study the correlation of these parameters with chronicity of disease, number of active joints, laboratory parameters of disease activity and JIA subtypes. METHODS: A total of 64 children (32 cases and 32 controls) were recruited for analysis. Self report questionnaires which included PGI General Wellbeing Measure, Adjustment Inventory for School Students, Parent Child Relationship Scale, Self Esteem Inventory and Self Concept Questionnaires were used to assess all the enrolled subjects...
March 2013: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Sharon E Jacob, Elise M Herro, Shireen Guide, Bari Cunningham, Elizabeth A Connelly
We present four cases of children less than 2 years of age, seen in four different practices, with a similar, unique, and specific presentation of diaper dermatitis, all while using Pampers Baby Dry with Drymax technology. To date, no reported cases exist of allergic contact dermatitis to Pampers Dryweave in medical literature.
September 2012: Pediatric Dermatology
Ajai R Singh, Shakuntala A Singh
Private investment in biomedical research has increased over the last few decades. At most places it has been welcomed as the next best thing to technology itself. Much of the intellectual talent from academic institutions is getting absorbed in lucrative positions in industry. Applied research finds willing collaborators in venture capital funded industry, so a symbiotic growth is ensured for both.There are significant costs involved too. As academia interacts with industry, major areas of conflict of interest especially applicable to biomedical research have arisen...
January 2007: Mens Sana Monographs
J Topolav, G Kirov, G Markov, K Girov, P Nedkov, A Georgieva
The authors adopt in clinical practice using of sterile hygroscopic wound dressings 'pampers type'. They use these dressings in 113 patients. The appropriate patients are these with limbs amputations, diabetic foot, suppurative and plenty secreting deep wounds, atonite and decubital wounds. The dressings are sterilised using paraformaldehyde sterilization which do not injure the synthetic materials. The hygroscopic dressings are non- allergic and are well tolerated by the patients. Using these dressings facilitate the medical team work and help to reduce the contamination of the hospital linen and the patients coverlet...
2010: Khirurgiia
J Bradford Bowzard, William G Davis, Victoria Jeisy-Scott, Priya Ranjan, Shivaprakash Gangappa, Takashi Fujita, Suryaprakash Sambhara
Retinoic-acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I) is an important component of the innate immune response to many RNA viruses that limits viral replication until adaptive immunity becomes available to clear the infection. Upon binding to the nucleic acid genomes and replication intermediates of these viruses, RIG-I undergoes a complex activation process that involves post-translational modifications and structural rearrangements. Once activated, RIG-I upregulates well-studied signal transduction pathways that lead to the production of type-I interferons (IFNs) and a large variety of antiviral IFN-stimulated genes...
June 2011: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
Susan E Mannon, Eagan Kemp
This article explores how young men in Costa Rica negotiate ideas of manhood under neoliberalism. We draw on interview data involving 23 men, ages 15–35, residing in one Costa Rican city. Comparing men across three different class locations, we find diverse "markers of manhood." Our data suggest an emerging globally dominant masculine ideal among an elite class of men, a declining locally dominant masculine ideal among working-class men, and a cynical, possibly counter-cultural masculine ideal among poor men...
2010: Bulletin of Latin American Research
M S Pearce, S V Glinianaia, J Rankin, S Rushton, M Charlton, L Parker, T Pless-Mulloli
OBJECTIVES: Research evidence suggests that exposure to ambient air pollutants can adversely affect the growth and development of the foetus and infant survival. Much less is known regarding the potential for an association between black smoke air pollution and stillbirth risk. This potential association was examined using data from the historical cohort UK Particulate Matter and Perinatal Events Research (PAMPER) study. METHODS: Using data from paper-based neonatal records from the two major maternity hospitals in Newcastle upon Tyne (UK), a birth record database of all singletons born during 1961-1992 to mothers resident in the city was constructed...
January 2010: Environmental Research
Kimberly Adams Tufts, Judy Wessell, Tanya Kearney
Significant numbers of African American (AA) women have been diagnosed with HIV over the past decade. HIV may be viewed as a chronic condition that can be actively managed through the use of self-care behaviors, yet little is known about how these women define self-care (SC) for themselves, and still less is known about what facilitates and hinders SC behaviors among these women. This article highlights the results of a qualitative research study undertaken with AA women living with HIV in a metropolitan city in the southeastern United States...
January 2010: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Sylvie Le May, C Celeste Johnston, Manon Choinière, Christophe Fortin, Denise Kudirka, Louise Murray, Dominic Chalut
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Children's pain in emergency departments (EDs) is poorly managed by nurses, despite evidence that pain is one of the most commonly presenting complaints of children attending the ED. Our objectives were 2-fold: to verify if tailored educational interventions with emergency pediatric nurses would improve nurses' knowledge of pain management and nurses' pain management practices (documentation of pain, administration of analgesics, nonpharmacological interventions). METHODS: This intervention study with a pre-post design (baseline, immediately after the intervention [T-2], and 6 months after intervention [T-3]) used a sample of nurses (N = 50) and retrospective chart reviews of children (N = 450; 150 charts reviewed each at baseline, T-2, and T-3) who presented themselves in the ED with a diagnosis known to generate moderate to severe pain (burns, acute abdominal pain, deep lacerations, fracture, sprain)...
August 2009: Pediatric Emergency Care
Amanda L Thompson, Michelle A Mendez, Judith B Borja, Linda S Adair, Catherine R Zimmer, Margaret E Bentley
This study describes and validates the Infant Feeding Style Questionnaire (IFSQ), a self-report instrument designed to measure feeding beliefs and behaviors among mothers of infants and young children. Categorical confirmatory factor analysis was used to estimate latent factors for five feeding styles, laissez-faire, restrictive, pressuring, responsive and indulgent, and to validate that items hypothesized a priori as measures of each style yielded well-fitting models. Models were tested and iteratively modified to determine the best fitting model for each of 13 feeding style sub-constructs, using a sample of 154 low-income African-American mothers of infants aged 3-20 months in North Carolina...
October 2009: Appetite
Vasudeva N R Murthy, Albert A Okunade
This paper, using cross-sectional data from 44 (83% of all) African countries for year 2001, presents econometric model estimates linking real per-capita health expenditure (HEXP) to a host of economic and non-economic factors. The empirical results of OLS and robust LAE estimators indicate that real per-capita GDP (PRGDP) and real per-capita foreign aid (FAID) resources are both core and statistically significant correlates of HEXP. Our empirical results suggest that health care in the African context is technically, a necessity rather than a luxury good (for the OECD countries)...
June 2009: Health Policy
Svetlana V Glinianaia, Judith Rankin, Tanja Pless-Mulloli, Mark S Pearce, Martin Charlton, Louise Parker
BACKGROUND: The link between maternal factors and birth outcomes is well established. Substantial changes in society and medical care over time have influenced women's reproductive choices and health, subsequently affecting birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe temporal changes in key maternal and fetal factors affecting birth outcomes in Newcastle upon Tyne over three decades, 1961-1992. METHODS: For these descriptive analyses we used data from a population-based birth record database constructed for the historical cohort Particulate Matter and Perinatal Events Research (PAMPER) study...
2008: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Amy Eagle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2006: Health Facilities Management
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