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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233200/first-rescue-under-the-rubble-the-medical-aid-in-the-first-hours-after-the-earthquake-in-amatrice-italy-on-august-24-2016
#1
Angelo Geremia Blasetti, Emiliano Petrucci, Vincenza Cofini, Barbara Pizzi, Paolo Scimia, Tullio Pozone, Stefano Necozione, Pierfrancesco Fusco, Franco Marinangeli
Specific Event Identifiers a. Event Type: Earthquake measuring 6.2 (SD=0.016) on the moment magnitude; b. Event Onset: August 24, 2016 - 03:36:32 CEST (01:36 UTC); c. Location of Event: Central Italy, in the town of Amatrice; d. Geographic Coordinates: latitude (DMS): 42°37'45.77″N; longitude (DMS): 13°17'18.14″E; elevation: 955 meters above sea-level; e. Dates: August 24, 2016 at 4:48 AM; f. Response Type: Medical Relief. ABSTRACT: On August 24, 2016, an earthquake hit the town of Amatrice (Italy)...
December 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215131/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-an-italian-prison-and-relation-with-average-term-of-detention-a-pilot-study
#2
D Rocca
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and overweight are universally recognized as risk factors for cardiovascular disease, stroke and other chronic diseases. The few studies of overweight and obesity in inmate populations suggest that the prevalence of obesity in an institution is associated with the prevalence of the region. The goal of the study is to describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a sample of prisoners. METHODS: In a sample of prisoners of Busto Arsizio prison, weight and height were measured with standard method...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122111/temperature-sensitive-medications-in-interfacility-transport-the-ice-pack-myth
#3
Jason Clancy, Cassandra Karish, Meghan Roddy, Judith J Sicilia, Michael T Bigham
INTRODUCTION: Critical Care Transport teams use various strategies to maintain temperature sensitive drugs and equipment at optimal temperature. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of current passive refrigeration of temperature sensitive transport medications/equipment. METHODS: Initially, we performed a retrospective review of transport durations. Subsequently, an experimental paradigm was created using a temperature probe inside of the transport cooler packs utilizing various configurations and initial starting temperatures with high and low "in range" temperature margins of 8°C (max) and 2°C (min)...
November 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099824/-changes-in-alcohol-consumption-from-youth-to-adulthood-in-italy
#4
Nadia Olimpi, Stefano Bravi, Allaman Allamani, Fabio Voller
BACKGROUND: alcohol consumption is a significant risk factor for health at all ages. Consumption patterns and associated risks vary across countries and cultures and are affected by socio-demographic characteristics. The objective of the study was to assess changes in alcoholic beverage consumption patterns from youth to adulthood in Italy, and specifically in the North, Central and South-Islands geographic areas. METHODS: subjects who consume wine, beer and spirits/bitters/alcoholic aperitifs, as recorded by the Istat Multipurpose surveys "Aspects of daily life", were grouped into non-drinkers, occasional drinkers and drinkers of at least one glass a day...
July 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929729/-health-profile-of-foreigner-immigrants-emerging-from-istat-surveys-on-health-and-integration-implications-for-public-policies
#5
Giuseppe Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929726/-factors-associated-to-medical-visits-comparison-among-italians-and-immigrants-resident-in-italy
#6
Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Laura Iannucci, Lidia Gargiulo, Daniela Panaccione, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of factors potentially associated with the use of medical visits by the immigrant population living in Italy, making a comparison with the Italian population. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative sample of the population residing in Italy considered in the Survey "Health and use of health services" conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) in 2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a sample of citizens aged 18-64 years (72,476 individuals) representing a population of 37,290,440 residents in Italy (33...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929725/-perceived-discrimination-at-work-for-being-an-immigrant-a-study-on-self-perceived-mental-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#7
Anteo Di Napoli, Rosaria Gatta, Alessandra Rossi, Monica Perez, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
BACKGROUND: exposure to discrimination is widely understood as a social determinant of psychophysical health and a contributing factor to health inequities among social groups. Few studies exist, particularly in Italy, about the effects of discrimination among immigrants at workplace. OBJECTIVES: to analyse the association between perceived discrimination at work for being an immigrant and mental health status among immigrants in Italy. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: a sub-sample of 12,408 immigrants residing in Italy was analysed...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929724/-overweight-and-obesity-among-adult-immigrant-populations-resident-in-italy
#8
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Gianfranco Costanzo, Monica Perez
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate sociodemographic and behavioural factors associated with overweight and obesity among immigrant population in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study on the representative sample of foreign population resident in Italy of the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) survey "Social conditions and integration of foreign citizens in Italy", carried out in 2011-2012. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a subsample of 15,195 foreigners aged 18-64 years, corresponding to an estimate of 2,986,202 foreign citizens among the resident population in Italy...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929723/-cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-among-immigrant-women-resident-in-italy
#9
Lisa Francovich, Anteo Di Napoli, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Barbara Giordani, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to compare Pap test and mammography uptake in 2005 and 2013 between Italian and immigrant women residing in Italy and to evaluate factors associated with probability of being up-to-date with screening testing in immigrant women. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on data of "Multipurpose survey on health and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the analysis includes the interviews of women included in the target age group for Pap test (25-64 years: No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929722/-self-perceived-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#10
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Concetta Mirisola, Gianfranco Costanzo
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate self-perceived health status of immigrants in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative national samples of the multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on the age group of 18-64: No. 80,661 in 2005, among which 3.2% were immigrants, and No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929721/-the-istat-national-health-interview-surveys-for-immigrant-population
#11
Roberta Crialesi, Luciana Quattrociocchi
The Istat "National Health Interview Surveys" (NHISs; 2005 and 2013) and the ad hoc interview surveys "Social conditions and integration of foreign citizens in Italy" (2011-2012) offer a wide range of information about health conditions and accessibility to health services of immigrants in Italy. NHIS, in particular, based on samples of about 60,000 families for a total of almost 120,000 individuals, allows to analyse changes in health conditions over the years and to make comparative analyses between foreign citizens and Italians...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929718/-the-health-status-of-the-immigrant-population-in-italy-evidence-from-multipurpose-surveys-of-the-italian-national-institute-of-statistics-istat
#12
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Lidia Gargiulo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904080/pressure-and-stretch-differentially-affect-proliferation-of-renal-proximal-tubular-cells
#13
Diane Felsen, Bianca J Diaz, Jie Chen, Juana Gonzalez, Marie Louise V Kristensen, Anja B Bohn, Brendan T Roth, Dix P Poppas, Rikke Nørregaard
Renal obstruction is frequently found in adults and children. Mechanical stimuli, including pressure and stretch in the obstructed kidney, contribute to damage; animal models of obstruction are characterized by increased cellular proliferation. We were interested in the direct effects of pressure and stretch on renal tubular cell proliferation. Human HKC-8 or rat NRK-52E proximal tubule cells were subjected to either pressure [0, 60 or 90 mmHg] or static stretch [0 or 20%] for 24 or 48 h. Cell proliferation was measured by cell counting, cell cycle analyzed by flow cytometry, and PCNA and Skp2 expression were determined by qPCR or western blot...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861417/impact-of-diverticular-inflammation-and-complication-assessment-classification-on-the-burden-of-medical-therapies-in-preventing-diverticular-disease-complications-in-italy
#14
Antonio Tursi, Walter Elisei, Marcello Picchio, Gabriella Nasi, Angela Maria Mastromatteo, Francesco Di Mario, Enrico Di Rosa, Maria Alessandra Brandimarte, Giovanni Brandimarte
BACKGROUND: Several treatments are currently advised to manage diverticular disease (DD) patients, but their impact on the burden of the disease is unknown. Our aim was to assess the economic analysis of using the recent Diverticular Inflammation and Complication Assessment (DICA) endoscopic classification on the burden of medical therapies prescribed in preventing DD complications occurrence in Italy. METHODS: We assessed retrospectively the cost/year of treatments in estimated DICA 1, DICA 2 and DICA 3 population...
August 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802068/dietary-citrate-and-plasma-ionized-calcium-implications-for-platelet-donors
#15
Stefanie Haynes, Elda Hickson, Jeanne Linden, Patricia St Pierre, Paula Ducharme, Paula Sulmasy, Linda Welch, Yong Zhao, Mindy Greene, Michelle Vauthrin, Robert Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Platelet donors receive 40 mmol or more of IV citrate anion during donation. When plasma ionized calcium ([Ca2+ ]) falls by ∼20%, half of the donors report symptoms of hypocalcemic toxicity. Citrus juices contain clinically relevant amounts of citrate anion. We asked whether citrus juice can lower [Ca2+ ] thus potentially contributing to hypocalcemic toxicity. METHOD: Six volunteers were given 20.4 mmol of citrate anion as grapefruit juice or orange juice...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757932/genetic-susceptibility-and-periodontal-disease-a-retrospective-study-on-a-large-italian-sample
#16
L Tettamanti, R M Gaudio, A Iapichino, D Mucchi, A Tagliabue
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease (PD) is a multifactorial illness in which environment and host interact. The genetic component plays a key role in the onset of PD. In fact the genetic compound can modulate the inflammation of the mucous membranes and the loss of alveolar bone. The genetics of PD is not well understood. Previous studies suggest a strong association between PD occurrence and individual genetic profile. The role of genetic susceptibility could impact on the clinical manifestations of PD, and consequently on prevention and therapy...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660872/determinants-of-work-related-accidents-in-italian-regions
#17
Giuseppe La Torre, Giovanna Verrengia, Rossella Saulle, Flavia Kheiraoui, Alice Mannocci
OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of the regional differences in work injuries and mortality rates in Italy. METHODS: Several linear regression models were built assessing the association between regional differences in work mortality and injury rates (as dependent variables) and socio-demographic factors (occupation and population) and variables describing alcohol consumption, mean age and availability of health care (as independent variables). Data sources are from ISTAT, INAIL, Health for All database and the national report Osservasalute...
June 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630012/assessing-passeriformes-health-in-south-texas-via-select-venous-analytes
#18
J Pistone, J J Heatley, T A Campbell, G Voelker
The handheld point of care analyzer is a quick and feasible option to obtain hematology data from individuals. The iSTAT-1® was used to evaluate select venous blood analytes obtained via jugular venipuncture from 238 passerine birds from South Texas. These data were used to assess the health of birds in the area while taking into consideration life history (migratory or sedentary), locale, seasonality, sex, and age. We attributed increased values of pO2 and hematocrit, in addition to hemoglobin and glucose concentrations of migratory birds compared to sedentary birds as the increased need of oxygen carrying capacity and energy for long duration flights...
August 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606147/the-variation-in-the-health-status-of-immigrants-and-italians-during-the-global-crisis-and-the-role-of-socioeconomic-factors
#19
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Lidia Gargiulo
BACKGROUND: The effects of the recent global economic and financial crisis especially affected the most vulnerable social groups. Objective of the study was to investigate variation of self-perceived health status in Italians and immigrants during the economic global crisis, focusing on demographic and socioeconomic factors. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional design we analyzed the national sample of multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" (2005 and 2013) conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)...
June 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495951/biochemical-analysis-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-the-laboratories-of-deployed-medical-treatment-facilities-are-multistix-10-sg-strip-and-istat-useful
#20
Bertrand Lefrere, J Plantamura, C Renard, F Ceppa, H Delacour
INTRODUCTION: During military deployment, the diagnosis and the management of acute bacterial meningitis can be problematic, as deployed Medical Treatment Facilities (MTFs) often have a limited laboratory diagnostic capability. However, French Role 2 and 3 MTFs have point-of-care (POC) testing to perform urinary (Multistix 10 SG strip) and blood (iSTAT handheld analyser) biochemical testing mentioned in AMedP8.5. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of this urine test strip and of the iSTAT CHEM8 and CG4 cartridges with a standard hospital bench top analyser in order to determine if these POC devices have a potential role in the biochemical analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF protein, CSF glucose and CSF lactate, respectively)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
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