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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802068/dietary-citrate-and-plasma-ionized-calcium-implications-for-platelet-donors
#1
Stefanie Haynes, Elda Hickson, Jeanne Linden, Patricia St Pierre, Paula Ducharme, Paula Sulmasy, Linda Welch, Yong Zhao, Mindy Greene, Michelle Vauthrin, Robert Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Platelet donors receive 40 mmol or more of IV citrate anion during donation. When plasma ionized calcium ([Ca(2+) ]) falls by ∼20%, half of the donors report symptoms of hypocalcemic toxicity. Citrus juices contain clinically relevant amounts of citrate anion. We asked whether citrus juice can lower [Ca(2+) ] thus potentially contributing to hypocalcemic toxicity. METHOD: Six volunteers were given 20.4 mmol of citrate anion as grapefruit juice or orange juice...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757932/genetic-susceptibility-and-periodontal-disease-a-retrospective-study-on-a-large-italian-sample
#2
L Tettamanti, R M Gaudio, A Iapichino, D Mucchi, A Tagliabue
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease (PD) is a multifactorial illness in which environment and host interact. The genetic component plays a key role in the onset of PD. In fact the genetic compound can modulate the inflammation of the mucous membranes and the loss of alveolar bone. The genetics of PD is not well understood. Previous studies suggest a strong association between PD occurrence and individual genetic profile. The role of genetic susceptibility could impact on the clinical manifestations of PD, and consequently on prevention and therapy...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660872/determinants-of-work-related-accidents-in-italian-regions
#3
Giuseppe La Torre, Giovanna Verrengia, Rossella Saulle, Flavia Kheiraoui, Alice Mannocci
OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of the regional differences in work injuries and mortality rates in Italy. METHODS: Several linear regression models were built assessing the association between regional differences in work mortality and injury rates (as dependent variables) and socio-demographic factors (occupation and population) and variables describing alcohol consumption, mean age and availability of health care (as independent variables). Data sources are from ISTAT, INAIL, Health for All database and the national report Osservasalute...
June 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630012/assessing-passeriformes-health-in-south-texas-via-select-venous-analytes
#4
J Pistone, J J Heatley, T A Campbell, G Voelker
The handheld point of care analyzer is a quick and feasible option to obtain hematology data from individuals. The iSTAT-1® was used to evaluate select venous blood analytes obtained via jugular venipuncture from 238 passerine birds from South Texas. These data were used to assess the health of birds in the area while taking into consideration life history (migratory or sedentary), locale, seasonality, sex, and age. We attributed increased values of pO2 and hematocrit, in addition to hemoglobin and glucose concentrations of migratory birds compared to sedentary birds as the increased need of oxygen carrying capacity and energy for long duration flights...
August 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606147/the-variation-in-the-health-status-of-immigrants-and-italians-during-the-global-crisis-and-the-role-of-socioeconomic-factors
#5
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Lidia Gargiulo
BACKGROUND: The effects of the recent global economic and financial crisis especially affected the most vulnerable social groups. Objective of the study was to investigate variation of self-perceived health status in Italians and immigrants during the economic global crisis, focusing on demographic and socioeconomic factors. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional design we analyzed the national sample of multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" (2005 and 2013) conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)...
June 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495951/biochemical-analysis-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-the-laboratories-of-deployed-medical-treatment-facilities-are-multistix-10-sg-strip-and-istat-useful
#6
Bertrand Lefrere, J Plantamura, C Renard, F Ceppa, H Delacour
INTRODUCTION: During military deployment, the diagnosis and the management of acute bacterial meningitis can be problematic, as deployed Medical Treatment Facilities (MTFs) often have a limited laboratory diagnostic capability. However, French Role 2 and 3 MTFs have point-of-care (POC) testing to perform urinary (Multistix 10 SG strip) and blood (iSTAT handheld analyser) biochemical testing mentioned in AMedP8.5. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of this urine test strip and of the iSTAT CHEM8 and CG4 cartridges with a standard hospital bench top analyser in order to determine if these POC devices have a potential role in the biochemical analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF protein, CSF glucose and CSF lactate, respectively)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376098/self-reported-unemployment-status-and-recession-an-analysis-on-the-italian-population-with-and-without-mental-health-problems
#7
Fabrizio Starace, Francesco Mungai, Elena Sarti, Tindara Addabbo
PURPOSE: During economic recession people with mental health problems have higher risk of losing their job. This paper analyses the issue by considering the Italian rates of unemployment amongst individuals with and without mental health problems in 2005 and 2013, that is prior and during the economic crisis. METHODS: We used data from the National surveys on "Health conditions and use of health services" carried out by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) for the years 2005 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108591/quit-attempts-and-smoking-cessation-in-italian-adults-25-64-years-factors-associated-with-attempts-and-successes
#8
Alessandro Coppo, Sandro Baldissera, Alessandro Migliardi, Valentina Minardi, Elisa Quarchioni, Gianluigi Ferrante, Alberto Dal Molin, Fabrizio Faggiano
BACKGROUND: Over the past 50 years there was a substantial decrease in the prevalence of smoking in Italy. The objective of this work is to describe attempts to quit and cessation success in Italian smokers. METHODS: A surveillance on health-related behaviors (PASSI) was conducted in 2007 -: 13 on a sample of 203 610 Italian adults 25 -: 64 years of age. An analysis of smokers' characteristics and behaviors was performed, focusing on attempts to quit and quit success...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089393/poverty-and-private-health-expenditures-in-italian-households-during-the-recent-crisis
#9
Simone Sarti, Marco Terraneo, Mara Tognetti Bordogna
The global financial crisis that began in 2008 had an overall effect on the health behaviours of Italian households. Aggregate private health expenditures have decreased while the citizens have increasingly been asked to share health costs. The reduction of households' health expenditure could have serious consequences for health, especially if it concerns the most vulnerable people. The aim of this paper is to analyse the relation between poverty and household health expenditure, considering regional and social group variations...
January 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976665/reference-rates-for-cohort-studies-in-italy-an-essential-tool-in-occupational-and-residential-cohort-studies
#10
Roberta Pirastu, Alessandra Ranucci, Dario Consonni, Marco De Santis, Caterina Bruno, Susanna Conti, Lucia Fazzo, Ivano Iavarone, Roberto Pasetto, Amerigo Zona, Corrado Magnani, Pietro Comba
The cohort study aims to test the hypothesis of an association between specific exposure/s and adverse health outcomes. The cohorts include the subjects who experience the exposure/s and are followed up over time to ascertain the health outcomes. This contribution presents the database for the analysis of mortality studies which is made available for public institutions carrying out cohort studies in Italy. The rates were computed from official mortality data from ISTAT. The database contains 141 causes or groups of causes for the years 1970-2012 ensuring correspondence with subsequent editions of ICD (International Classification of Diseases) VIII, IX and X...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919148/-contribution-of-amenable-mortality-to-the-decrease-of-overall-mortality-in-piedmont-region-northern-italy-1980-2011
#11
Teresa Dalla Zuanna, Marco Dalmasso, Alberto Amidei, Roberto Gnavi
OBJECTIVES: to describe overall and amenable mortality trends over the last 30 years in the Local Health Authorities (LHAs) of Piedmont Region (Northern Italy). By comparing these trends, it is possible to analyse intraregional variability in the performance of the healthcare system. DESIGN: descriptive study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: mortality data from the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) for the population between 0 and 74 years resident in Piedmont Region for the period 1980-2011...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764929/-mortality-from-respiratory-diseases-in-the-provinces-of-apulia-region-southern-italy-from-1933-to-2010
#12
Maria Rosa Montinari, Emilio Antonio Luca Gianicolo, Maria Angela Vigotti
OBIETTIVI: valutare l'andamento temporale della mortalità per patologie respiratorie nelle province pugliesi utilizzando dati omogenei per fonte e metodologia di calcolo. DISEGNO: analisi ecologica storica degli andamenti temporali di mortalità per tumori e patologie dell'apparato respiratorio nelle province pugliesi, in Puglia e nelle ripartizioni geografiche italiane dal 1933 al 2010. SETTING E PARTECIPANTI: i dati di mortalità e le popolazioni residenti sono di fonte Istat. Sono state esaminate tutte le cause di decesso, il tumore della laringe, il tumore del polmone, l'insieme dei tumori respiratori, la bronchite, la polmonite e la broncopolmonite considerate congiuntamente, e l'insieme delle patologie respiratorie...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764925/-ecological-study-on-the-mortality-of-residents-in-manfredonia-apulia-region-southern-italy-from-1970-to-2013
#13
Emilio Antonio Luca Gianicolo, Cristina Mangia, Marco Cervino, Antonella Bruni, Bruna De Marchi, Annibale Biggeri, Rosa Porcu, Maria Angela Vigotti
OBIETTIVI: valutare lo stato di salute della popolazione residente nel comune di Manfredonia dal 1970 al 2013. DISEGNO: analisi descrittiva dell'andamento temporale della mortalità generale, per gruppi di cause, dal 1970 al 2013. SETTING E PARTECIPANTI: i dati di mortalità e le popolazioni residenti sono di fonte Istat. Sono state esaminate 55 cause di decesso. Le analisi sono disaggregate per sesso e periodo. PRINCIPALI MISURE DI OUTCOME: sono stati elaborati i rapporti standardizzati di mortalità (SMR%), con i rispettivi intervalli di confidenza al 90% (IC90%), e i tassi di mortalità standardizzati col metodo diretto (TSD )...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575797/point-of-care-testing-of-troponin-levels-compared-with-automated-laboratory-evaluation-a-reliability-study
#14
Adacilis Ramirez Sardi, Julie A Lamoureux, Tanya M Cohn, Shirley G Phillip-Samuel
Traditionally, troponin levels are measured in the blood using an automated laboratory protocol, but the use of a faster technology, the point-of-care (POC) testing of troponin levels, has shown promise in the effective differential diagnosis of cardiac injury. The purpose of this study was to compare the 2 methods. A total of 1567 patients were seen in the emergency department who were tested with both the POC iSTAT troponin and laboratory troponin from a secondary analysis of retrospective data collected between June 2012 and December 2012...
October 2016: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573284/determinants-of-dietary-compliance-among-italian-children-disentangling-the-effect-of-social-origins-using-bourdieu-s-cultural-capital-theory
#15
Filippo Oncini, Raffaele Guetto
Making use of Bourdieu's threefold conceptualisation of cultural capital, this paper examines and disentangles the association between social origins and children's food consumption. The aim of the work is twofold. Using data from the Multipurpose survey on daily life conducted by Istat (2009-2012), we first show that children's compliance with dietary advice is indeed influenced by their social origins, but more so in terms of familial cultural resources than economic ones. All types of cultural capital enhance the quality of children's nutrition...
August 30, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571560/-development-of-a-teledermatology-system-for-the-melanoma-diagnosis-the-pilot-experience-of-the-project-clicca-il-neo
#16
Simone Cazzaniga, Emanuele Castelli, Anna Di Landro, Alberto Zucchi, Luigi Naldi
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous melanoma is a significant cause of mortality, and since the skin is easily accessible for inspection, it is amenable to interventions of education and promotion of early diagnosis through the use of telemedicine systems. METHODS: Clicca il neo is a programme for the early diagnosis of skin cancer employing tools of teledermatology with a store-and-forward modality. The system uses a web form for data collection and upload of skin photographs taken by users...
August 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510293/-a-geographical-and-epidemiological-analysis-of-cancer-incidence-in-the-city-of-vercelli-italy-2002-2009
#17
Christian Salerno, Paola Berchialla, Pier Giorgio Fossale, Lucio Antonio Palin, Ezio Barasolo, Massimiliano Panella
The idea of conducting a geographical analysis of cancer incidence in Vercelli, a city with about 46,000 population in the Province of Vercelli (Piedmont, northern Italy), originated from the need to respond to concerns of the population and local administrators regarding the presence of a solid waste incinerator just a few kilometers from the city, and the ongoing intense agricultural activity in the area. The study also aimed to verify the excess risk identified in a similar study on mortality. We obtained census data and mortality data for the years 2002 to 2009, from the Italian Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) and analysed these from both an epidemiological point of view, through standardised mortality rates, and spatial analysis through the use of Bayesian models...
May 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501120/noninvasive-continuous-hemoglobin-monitoring-in-combat-casualties-a-pilot-study
#18
Elizabeth Bridges, Jennifer J Hatzfeld
OBJECTIVE: To describe the accuracy and precision of noninvasive hemoglobin measurement (SpHb) compared with laboratory or point-of-care Hb, and SpHb ability to trend in seriously injured casualties. METHODS: Observational study in a convenience sample of combat casualties undergoing resuscitation at two US military trauma hospitals in Afghanistan. SpHb was obtained using the Masimo Rainbow SET (Probe Rev E/Radical-7 Pulse CO-Oximeter v 7.6.2.1). Clinically indicated Hb was analyzed with a Coulter or iStat and compared with simultaneous SpHb values...
September 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475734/noninvasively-measured-hemoglobin-concentration-reflects-arterial-hemoglobin-concentration-before-but-not-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-or-valve-surgery
#19
Matthias L Riess, Paul S Pagel
OBJECTIVE: This study compared noninvasively measured hemoglobin and arterial hemoglobin before and after cardiopulmonary bypass in patients undergoing coronary artery or valve surgery. DESIGN: Observational study with retrospective data analysis. SETTING: Veterans Affairs hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-five men. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Hemoglobin values were measured noninvasively by co-oximetry to corresponding arterial hemoglobin concentrations taken at clinically relevant time points chosen at the discretion of the cardiac anesthesiologist...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451047/point-of-care-measurement-of-lactate
#20
REVIEW
Francesca Miranda Di Mauro, Gretchen Lee Schoeffler
Lactate is generated as a consequence of anaerobic glycolysis by all tissues of the body. Increased l-lactate, the isoform produced by most mammals, reflects increased anaerobic metabolism secondary to tissue hypoperfusion or tissue hypoxia in most clinical situations, and is called type A lactic acidosis. The utility of lactate measurement and serial lactate monitoring in veterinary patients has been demonstrated in multiple studies. Blood lactate concentration is significantly elevated in many disease processes including septic peritonitis, immune-mediated hemolytic anemia, Babesiosis, trauma, gastric dilation and volvulus, and intracranial disease...
March 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
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