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Effect of ROS on peripheral blood cells

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140957/beneficial-effects-of-angiotensin-1-7-on-cd34-cells-from-heart-failure-patients
#1
Colleen T Cole-Jeffrey, Carl J Pepine, Michael J Katovich, Maria B Grant, Mohan K Raizada, Sugata Hazra
The dysfunctional nature of CD34 cells from heart failure (HF) patients makes them unsuitable for autologous stem cell therapy. In view of evidence that the vasoprotective axis of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) improves CD34 cell functions, we hypothesized that CD34 cells from HF patients will be dysfunctional and that Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] would improve their function. Peripheral blood was collected from NYHA class II-IV HF patients (n=31) and reference subjects (n=16). CD34 cell numbers from HF patients were reduced by 47% (p<0...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129782/reactive-oxygen-species-production-triggers-green-tea-induced-anti-leukaemic-effects-on-acute-promyelocytic-leukaemia-model
#2
Cristiane Okuda Torello, Rodrigo Naoto Shiraishi, Fernanda Isabel Della Via, Tamara Cristina Lopes de Castro, Ana Leda Longhini, Irene Santos, André Luis Bombeiro, Cleide Lúcia Araujo Silva, Mary Luci de Souza Queiroz, Eduardo Magalhães Rego, Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
Green tea (GT) has been consumed as a beverage for thousands of years because of its therapeutic properties observed over time. Because there is no sufficient evidence supporting the protective role of tea intake during the development of acute myeloid leukaemia, we herein study GT extract effects on an acute promyelocytic leukaemia model. Our results demonstrated that GT reduces leucocytosis and immature cells (blasts) in peripheral blood, bone marrow (BM), and spleen of leukaemic mice, parallel with an increase of mature cells in the BM...
November 9, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982193/cysteamine-mediated-clearance-of-antibiotic-resistant-pathogens-in-human-cystic-fibrosis-macrophages
#3
Chandra L Shrestha, Kaivon D Assani, Hannah Rinehardt, Florentina Albastroiu, Shuzhong Zhang, Richard Shell, Amal O Amer, Larry S Schlesinger, Benjamin T Kopp
Members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex are virulent, multi-drug resistant pathogens that survive and replicate intracellularly in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We have discovered that B. cenocepacia cannot be cleared from CF macrophages due to defective autophagy, causing continued systemic inflammation and infection. Defective autophagy in CF is mediated through constitutive reactive oxygen species (ROS) activation of transglutaminase-2 (TG2), which causes the sequestration (accumulation) of essential autophagy initiating proteins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975481/interaction-of-allogeneic-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cells-and-unstimulated-immune-cells-in-vitro-the-impact-of-cell-to-cell-contact-and-hypoxia-in-the-local-milieu
#4
Aleksandra N Gornostaeva, Elena R Andreeva, Polina I Bobyleva, Ludmila B Buravkova
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an attractive tool for cell therapy and regenerative medicine. Being applied in vivo, allogeneic MSCs are faced with both activated and unstimulated immune cells. The effects of MSCs on activated immune cells are well described and are mainly suppressive. Less is known about the interaction of MSCs with unstimulated immune cells. We evaluated the contribution of tissue-related O2 level ("physiological" hypoxia-5% O2) and cell-to-cell contact to the interaction between allogeneic adipose tissue-derived MSCs (ASCs) and unstimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
October 3, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965035/low-cytotoxicity-of-anisotropic-gold-nanoparticles-coated-with-lysine-on-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-vitro
#5
Jorge O Avila-Alejo, Ana K González-Palomo, Germán Plascencia-Villa, Miguel José-Yacamán, Hugo R Navarro-Contreras, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of anisotropic (non spherical morphologies) gold nanoparticles coated with the amino acid Lysine (Lys) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) "in vitro". Gold (Au) nanoparticles tested in this study were synthesized by a seed-mediated growth using Lys as a structure and shape directing agent. Cytotoxic effects were evaluated by cell viability (resazurin assay), reactive oxygen species (ROS) induction (2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate assay), DNA damage (comet assay) and apoptosis/necrosis (AnnexinV/propidium iodide assay) after PBMC were exposed to increasing concentrations (10, 25, 50, 100, and 250μM) of AuNPs coated with Lys (AuNPs-Lys) at different exposure times (3, 6, 12, and 24h)...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935207/effects-of-energy-supply-and-nicotinic-acid-supplementation-on-phagocytosis-and-ros-production-of-blood-immune-cells-of-periparturient-primi-and-pluriparous-dairy-cows
#6
S Bühler, J Frahm, W Liermann, R Tienken, S Kersten, U Meyer, K Huber, S Dänicke
Effects of energy supply and nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation on the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on ROS production in PMN of periparturient cows differing in parity were examined. 29 pluriparous and 18 primiparous cows were allocated to four different feeding groups from 42days prepartum until 100days postpartum. They were fed either a ration with a low concentrate proportion of 30% (LC) or a high concentrate proportion of 60% (HC)...
September 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860481/increased-expression-of-siglec-9-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Zhilin Zeng, Miao Li, Meijia Wang, Xiaomei Wu, Qinghai Li, Qin Ning, Jianping Zhao, Yongjian Xu, Jungang Xie
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common inflammatory lung disease. Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-type lectins 9 (Siglec-9) is predominantly expressed on innate immune cells and has been shown to exert regulatory effect on immune cells through glycan recognition. Soluble Siglec-9 (sSiglec-9), the extracellular region of Siglec-9, might fulfill its function partly by competitive inhibiting siglec-9 binding to its ligands; however, the role of Siglec-9 and sSiglec-9 in the pathogenesis COPD remain largely unknown...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833034/rheumatoid-arthritis-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-co-cultured-with-pbmc-increased-peripheral-cd4-cxcr5-icos-t-cell-numbers
#8
Y Tang, B Wang, X Sun, H Li, X Ouyang, J Wei, B Dai, Y Zhang, X Li
'Circulating' T follicular helper cells (Tfh), characterized by their surface phenotypes CD4(+) chemokine receptor 5 (CXCR5)(+) inducible co-stimulatory molecule (ICOS)(+) , have been identified as the CD4(+) T cell subset specialized in supporting the activation, expansion and differentiation of B cells. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) are critical in promoting inflammation and cartilage destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the interaction between FLS and T cells is considered to facilitate FLS activation and T cell recruitment...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815947/olive-oil-phenolics-prevent-oxysterol-induced-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-secretion-and-ros-production-in-human-pbmcs-through-modulation-of-p38-and-jnk-pathways
#9
Gessica Serra, Monica Deiana, Jeremy P E Spencer, Giulia Corona
SCOPE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) polyphenols to counteract the pro-inflammatory effects induced by dietary and endogenous oxysterols in ex-vivo immune cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), separated from the whole blood of healthy donors, were utilised and were stimulated with an oxysterols mixture, in the presence of physiologically relevant concentrations of the EVOO polyphenols, hydroxytyrosol (HT), tyrosol (TYR) and homovanillic alcohol (HVA)...
August 16, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782442/whole-body-proton-irradiation-causes-acute-damage-to-bone-marrow-hematopoietic-progenitor-and-stem-cells-in-mice
#10
Jianhui Chang, Yingying Wang, Rupak Pathak, Vijayalakshmi Sridharan, Tamako Jones, Xiao Wen Mao, Gregory Nelson, Marjan Boerma, Martin Hauer-Jensen, Daohong Zhou, Lijian Shao
PURPOSE: Exposure to proton irradiation during missions in deep space can lead to bone marrow injury. The acute effects of proton irradiation on hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells remain undefined and thus were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We exposed male C57BL/6 mice to 0.5 and 1.0 Gy proton total body irradiation (proton-TBI, 150 MeV) and examined changes in peripheral blood cells and bone marrow (BM) progenitors and LSK cells 2 weeks after exposure...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748372/training-and-acute-exercise-modulates-mitochondrial-dynamics-in-football-players-blood-mononuclear-cells
#11
Carla Busquets-Cortés, Xavier Capó, Miquel Martorell, Josep A Tur, Antoni Sureda, Antoni Pons
PURPOSE: Regular physical activity induces oxidative stress but also causes adaptations in antioxidant defences including the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway, which activates target genes related to antioxidant defences such as uncoupling proteins (UCPs), and mitochondrial biogenesis mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α). The aim of the study was to determine the effect of long-term training and acute exercise on oxidant/antioxidant status and the expression of mitochondrial biogenesis genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645468/aldhs-in-normal-and-malignant-hematopoietic-cells-potential-new-avenues-for-treatment-of-aml-and-other-blood-cancers
#12
Maura Gasparetto, Clayton A Smith
Multiple studies have demonstrated that ALDH1A1 is elevated in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). As a means to better characterize such cells, we previously developed the fluorescent ALDH1A1 substrate Aldefluor to facilitate HSC identification and isolation. This has proven useful for counting and isolating HSCs from human bone marrow, peripheral blood and cord blood as well as stem cells in other tissues and organisms. Given the high level expression of ALDH1A1, we explored its biology and that of other ALDHs in HSCs and found that ALDH1A1 and ALDH3A1 were important in metabolizing reactive aldehydes (RAlds) and reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
June 20, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595784/cadmium-triggers-mitochondrial-oxidative-stress-in-human-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes-and-monocytes-analysis-using-in-vitro-and-system-toxicology-approaches
#13
Nouf Abdulkareem Omer Alkharashi, Vaiyapuri Subbarayan Periasamy, Jegan Athinarayanan, Ali A Alshatwi
Cadmium (Cd) is a well-known heavy metal that causes environmental pollution and human health problems. Several studies attempted to assess Cd toxicity in vitro and in vivo. However, the systemic profile of cadmium toxicity has not been studied well. In the present study, we assessed the toxicity of Cd on human peripheral blood lymphocytes and monocytes and gene expression, using a system toxicological approach. Cd effect on cell viability and morphology were analyzed by MTT assay and AO/EB staining respectively...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594941/low-level-laser-lll-attenuate-lps-induced-inflammatory-responses-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells-via-the-suppression-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-vitro
#14
Kan Yin, Rongjia Zhu, Shihua Wang, Robert Chunhua Zhao
BACKGROUND: Considering promising results in animal models and patients, therapeutic use of MSCs for immune disease is likely to undergo continued evaluation. Low-lever laser (LLL) has been widely applied to retard the inflammatory reaction. LLL treatment can potentially be applied in anti-inflammatory therapy followed by stem cell therapy. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of LLL (660 nm) on the inflammatory reaction induced by LPS in human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) and pertinent mechanism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582728/mitochondrial-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-2-deficiency-compromises-therapeutic-effect-of-aldh-bright-cell-on-peripheral-ischemia
#15
Xiaolei Sun, Hong Zhu, Zhen Dong, Xiangwei Liu, Xin Ma, Shasha Han, Fei Lu, Peng Wang, Sanli Qian, Cong Wang, Cheng Shen, Xiaona Zhao, Yunzeng Zou, Junbo Ge, Aijun Sun
The autologous ALDH bright (ALDH(br)) cell therapy for ischemic injury is clinically safe and effective, while the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here, we demonstrated that the glycolysis dominant metabolism of ALDH(br) cells is permissive to restore blood flow in an ischemic hind limb model compared with bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMNCs). PCR array analysis showed overtly elevated Aldh2 expression of ALDH(br) cells following hypoxic challenge. Notably, ALDH(br) cells therapy induced blood flow recovery in this model was reduced in case of ALDH2 deficiency...
May 29, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531804/protective-effect-and-mechanism-of-lycopene-on-endothelial-progenitor-cells-epcs-from-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-rats
#16
Yao-Chi Zeng, Li-Sheng Peng, Liyuan Zou, Shu-Fen Huang, Yi Xie, Gui-Ping Mu, Xue-Hui Zeng, Xi-Lin Zhou, Ya-Chi Zeng
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), widely existing in bone marrow and peripheral blood, are involved in the repair of injured vascular endothelium and angiogenesis which are important to diabetic mellitus (DM) patients with vascular complications. The number and the function of EPCs are related to the advanced glycation end products (AGEs) generated in DM patients. Lycopene (Lyc) is an identified natural antioxidant that protects EPCs under the microenvironment of AGEs from damage. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528294/isoliquiritigenin-reduces-oxidative-damage-and-alleviates-mitochondrial-impairment-by-sirt1-activation-in-experimental-diabetic-neuropathy
#17
Veera Ganesh Yerra, Anil Kumar Kalvala, Ashutosh Kumar
Sirtuin (SIRT1) inactivation underlies the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and hyperglycaemia-associated vascular complications, but its role in diabetic neuropathy (DN) has not been yet explored. We have evaluated hyperglycaemia-induced alteration of SIRT1 signalling and the effect of isoliquiritigenin (ILQ) on SIRT1-directed AMP kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) signalling in peripheral nerves of streptozotocin (STZ) (55 mg/kg, ip)-induced diabetic rats and in high glucose (30 mM)-exposed neuro2a (N2A) cells...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426671/effect-of-mitochondrially-targeted-carboxy-proxyl-nitroxide-on-akt-mediated-survival-in-daudi-cells-significance-of-a-dual-mode-of-action
#18
Gokul Variar, Tarun Pant, Apoorva Singh, Abinaya Ravichandran, Sushant Swami, Balaraman Kalyanaraman, Anuradha Dhanasekaran
Vicious cycles of mutations and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation contribute to cancer progression. The use of antioxidants to inhibit ROS generation promotes cytostasis by affecting the mutation cycle and ROS-dependent survival signaling. However, cancer cells select mutations to elevate ROS albeit maintaining mitochondrial hyperpolarization (Δψm), even under hypoxia. From this perspective, the use of drugs that disrupt both ROS generation and Δψm is a viable anticancer strategy. Hence, we studied the effects of mitochondrially targeted carboxy proxyl nitroxide (Mito-CP) and a control ten carbon TPP moiety (Dec-TPP+) in the human Burkitt lymphoma cell line (Daudi) and normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells under hypoxia and normoxia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421266/reactive-oxygen-species-mediated-t-lymphocyte-abnormalities-in-an-iron-overloaded-mouse-model-and-iron-overloaded-patients-with-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#19
Jie Chen, Wen-Yi Lu, Ming-Feng Zhao, Xiao-Li Cao, Yan-Yu Jiang, Xin Jin, Ping Xu, Ting-Ting Yuan, Yu-Chen Zhang, Xiao Chai, Juan-Xia Meng, Qing Li, Xia Xiao, Juan Mu, De-Guan Li, Ai-Ping Qi
The adverse effects of iron overload have raised more concerns as a growing number of studies reported its association with immune disorders. This study aimed to investigate alterations in the immune system by iron overload in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and an iron-overloaded mouse model. The peripheral blood from patients was harvested to test the effect of iron overload on the subsets of T lymphocytes, and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was also evaluated. The data showed that iron-overloaded patients had a lower percentage of CD3(+) T cells and disrupted T cell subsets, concomitant with higher ROS level in lymphocytes...
July 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331925/biological-effects-of-ticagrelor-over-clopidogrel-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Gianluca Campo, Francesco Vieceli Dalla Sega, Rita Pavasini, Giorgio Aquila, Francesco Gallo, Francesca Fortini, Elisabetta Tonet, Paolo Cimaglia, Annamaria Del Franco, Gabriele Pestelli, Alessandro Pecoraro, Marco Contoli, Cristina Balla, Simone Biscaglia, Paola Rizzo, Roberto Ferrari
Patients with SCAD and concomitant COPD are at high risk of cardiovascular adverse events, due to chronic inflammation, responsible of endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress and heightened platelet reactivity (PR). The objective of this randomised clinical trial was to test if ticagrelor is superior to clopidogrel in improving endothelial function in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) and concomitant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Forty-six patients with SCAD and COPD undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomly assigned to receive clopidogrel (n=23) or ticagrelor (n=23) on top of standard therapy with aspirin...
March 23, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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