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Effect of ROS on peripheral blood cells

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738841/cr-laao-causes-genotoxic-damage-in-hepg2-tumor-cells-by-oxidative-stress
#1
Tássia R Costa, Martin K Amstalden, Diego L Ribeiro, Danilo L Menaldo, Marco A Sartim, Alexandre F Aissa, Lusânia M G Antunes, Suely V Sampaio
Snake venom L-amino acid oxidases (SV-LAAOs) are enzymes of great interest in research due to their many biological effects with therapeutic potential. CR-LAAO, an L-amino acid oxidase from Calloselasma rhodostoma snake venom, is a well described SV-LAAO with immunomodulatory, antiparasitic, microbicidal, and antitumor effects. In this study, we evaluated the genotoxic potential of this enzyme in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and HepG2 tumor cells, as well as its interaction with these cells, its impact on the expression of DNA repair and antioxidant pathway genes, and reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced intracellular production...
May 5, 2018: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734881/effect-of-ubiquinol-supplementation-on-biochemical-and-oxidative-stress-indexes-after-intense-exercise-in-young-athletes
#2
Patrick Orlando, Sonia Silvestri, Roberta Galeazzi, Roberto Antonicelli, Fabio Marcheggiani, Ilenia Cirilli, Tiziana Bacchetti, Luca Tiano
OBJECTIVES: Physical exercise significantly impacts the biochemistry of the organism. Ubiquinone is a key component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and ubiquinol, its reduced and active form, is an emerging molecule in sport nutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ubiquinol supplementation on biochemical and oxidative stress indexes after an intense bout of exercise. METHODS: 21 male young athletes (26 + 5 years of age) were randomized in two groups according to a double blind cross-over study, either supplemented with ubiquinol (200 mg/day) or placebo for 1 month...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684601/the-effect-of-intermittent-hypoxia-under-different-temperature-on-the-immunomodulation-in-streptococcus-agalactiae-vaccinated-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#3
Jing Wang, Dan-Qi Lu, Biao Jiang, Heng-Li Luo, Ge-Ling Lu, An-Xing Li
Dissolved oxygen (DO) and temperature are the potential immunomodulators in fish and play the important roles in regulating immunity. We studied the effect of intermittent hypoxia under different temperature on the immunomodulation in vaccinated Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). The expression of immune-related genes, enzymatic activities, histology, cumulative mortality, and S. agalactiae clearance were assessed. Study conditions were intermittently hypoxic (4.0 ± 1.0 mg/L DO) at 30 ± 0.5 °C or 35 ± 0...
April 20, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660818/investigation-of-metabolic-properties-and-effects-of-17%C3%AE-carboxamide-glucocorticoids-on-human-peripheral-blood-leukocytes
#4
Vladimir Dobričić, Ivana Drvenica, Ana Stančić, Marija Mihailović, Olivera Čudina, Diana Bugarski, Vesna Ilić
The biological activity of three previously synthesized 17β-carboxamide glucocorticoids (BG, BEG, and MPEA) was tested in vitro on mitogen stimulated and non-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs) and granulocytes from human healthy donors, and the results were compared to the conventional glucocorticoid dexamethasone. The tested 17β-carboxamide glucocorticoids did not induce decreases in MNC viability and proliferation, while modulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) synthesis in granulocytes was dependent on the cell donor...
April 16, 2018: Archiv der Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602801/tumour-derived-gm-csf-promotes-granulocyte-immunosuppression-in-mesothelioma-patients
#5
Swati Khanna, Suzanne Graef, Francis Mussai, Anish Thomas, Neha Wali, Bahar Guliz Yenidunya, Constance M Yuan, Betsy Morrow, Jingli Zhang, Firouzeh Korangy, Tim F Greten, Seth M Steinberg, Maryalice Stetler-Stevenson, Gary Middleton, Carmela De Santo, Raffit Hassan
PURPOSE: The cross talk between tumour cells, myeloid cells, and T cells play a critical role in tumour pathogenesis and response to immunotherapies. Although the aetiology of mesothelioma is well understood the impact of mesothelioma on the surrounding immune microenvironment is less well studied. In this study the effect of the mesothelioma microenvironment on circulating and infiltrating granulocytes and T cells is investigated. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Tumour and peripheral blood from mesothelioma patients were evaluated for presence of granulocytes, which were then tested for their T cell suppression...
March 30, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573802/milk-nutrition-and-childhood-epilepsy-an-ex-vivo-study-on-cytokines-and-oxidative-stress-in-response-to-milk-protein-fractions
#6
M Albenzio, A Santillo, M G Ciliberti, L Figliola, M Caroprese, A N Polito, G Messina
We present a pilot study on the effects of milk protein fractions [αS1 -casein (CN), αS2 -CN, κ-CN, β-CN, and a mix of α-lactalbumin (α-LA) and β-lactoglobulin (β-LG)] from different animal species (bovine, ovine, and caprine) on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and oxidative status in cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells from children with generalized epilepsy. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were obtained by density gradient from blood of 10 children with generalized epilepsy (5 males; mean age 33...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559323/neuroprotective-effect-of-phosphocreatine-on-oxidative-stress-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-induced-apoptosis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-involvement-of-dual-pi3k-akt-and-nrf2-ho-1-pathways
#7
Hailong Li, Zhongyuan Tang, Peng Chu, Yanlin Song, Ying Yang, Bin Sun, Mengyue Niu, Eskandar Qaed, Abdullah Shopit, Guozhu Han, Xiaodong Ma, Jinyong Peng, Min Hu, Zeyao Tang
Methylglyoxal (MGO), an active metabolite of glucose, is observed in high levels in the tissues and blood of diabetic patients. Phosphocreatine (PCr), a high-energy phosphate compound, exhibits a range of pharmacological actions but little is well known of its neuroprotective action. The aim of the present study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects and the possible mechanisms of PCr. Diabetes is closely associated with neurodegenerative diseases, leading not only to the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and but also to central nervous system (CNS) damage...
May 20, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555410/viscum-articulatum-burm-f-aqueous-extract-exerts-antiproliferative-effect-and-induces-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-in-leukemia-cells
#8
Ruchi Mishra, Saurabh Sharma, Radhey Shyam Sharma, Savita Singh, Milind Madhav Sardesai, Sadhna Sharma, Vandana Mishra
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Viscum articulatum Burm. f. (leafless mistletoe) has been used in traditional system of medicines in India, China, Taiwan, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, to treat blood-related diseases and various inflammatory and degenerative diseases including cancer. Anticancer activities of some phytomolecules purified from Viscum articulatum Burm. f. have been tested. However scientific evidence for the anticancerous potential of aqueous extract of V. articularum (VAQE) used in traditional medicine is lacking...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540636/physical-exercise-reduces-cytotoxicity-and-up-regulates-nrf2-and-upr-expression-in-circulating-cells-of-peripheral-artery-disease-patients-an-hypoxic-adaptation
#9
Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Chiara Stranieri, Anna Maria Rigoni, Sergio De Marchi, Denise Peserico, Chiara Mozzini, Luciano Cominacini, Ulisse Garbin
AIM: Ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) that damage cells and favour cytotoxicity and apoptosis in peripheral artery disease (PAD) patients. Since brief episodes of I-R (ischemic conditioning) protect cells against ischemic harms, we evaluated whether a short-course of supervised treadmill training, characterized by repeated episodes of I-R, makes peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from PAD patients with intermittent claudication more resistant to I-R injuries by reducing oxidative stress and by inducing an adaptative response of unfolded protein response (UPR) and nuclear factor-E2-related factor (Nrf2) pathway expression...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417049/stress-resilience-of-spermatozoa-and-blood-mononuclear-cells-without-prion-protein
#10
Malin R Reiten, Giulia Malachin, Elisabeth Kommisrud, Gunn C Østby, Karin E Waterhouse, Anette K Krogenæs, Anna Kusnierczyk, Magnar Bjørås, Clara M O Jalland, Liv Heidi Nekså, Susan S Røed, Else-Berit Stenseth, Frøydis D Myromslien, Teklu T Zeremichael, Maren K Bakkebø, Arild Espenes, Michael A Tranulis
The cellular prion protein PrPC is highly expressed in neurons, but also present in non-neuronal tissues, including the testicles and spermatozoa. Most immune cells and their bone marrow precursors also express PrPC . Clearly, this protein operates in highly diverse cellular contexts. Investigations into putative stress-protective roles for PrPC have resulted in an array of functions, such as inhibition of apoptosis, stimulation of anti-oxidant enzymes, scavenging roles, and a role in nuclear DNA repair. We have studied stress resilience of spermatozoa and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) derived from non-transgenic goats that lack PrPC ( PRNP Ter/Ter ) compared with cells from normal ( PRNP +/+ ) goats...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380901/the-influence-of-agents-differentiating-hl-60-cells-toward-granulocyte-like-cells-on-their-ability-to-release-neutrophil-extracellular-traps
#11
Aneta Manda-Handzlik, Weronika Bystrzycka, Małgorzata Wachowska, Sandra Sieczkowska, Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Urszula Demkow, Olga Ciepiela
Studies on neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are challenging as neutrophils live shortly and easily become activated. Thus, availability of a cell line model closely resembling the functions of peripheral blood neutrophils would be advantageous. Our purpose was to find a compound that most effectively differentiates human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells toward granulocyte-like cells able to release NETs. HL-60 cells were differentiated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or dimethylformamide (DMF) and stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) or calcium ionophore A23187 (CI)...
April 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341317/apoptosis-induction-in-k562-human-myelogenous-leukaemia-cells-is-connected-to-the-modulation-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling-by-bhx-a-novel-pyrazoline-derivative
#12
Hanmei Bao, Qing Zhang, Yibo Du, Cai Zhang, Hui Xu, Zhongling Zhu, Zhao Yan
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore the effects of BHX on human chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) cells and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CML cell line K562 cells were treated with BHX. The effects of BHX on cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle were detected. Subsequently, the caspase, ATP activity, Ca2+ , ROS and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) levels treated with various concentrations of BHX were analysed...
January 16, 2018: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258490/cytotoxic-antioxidative-genotoxic-and-antigenotoxic-effects-of-horchata-beverage-of-south-ecuador
#13
Natalia Bailon-Moscoso, Fani Tinitana, Ruth Martínez-Espinosa, Andrea Jaramillo-Velez, Alejandra Palacio-Arpi, Jessica Aguilar-Hernandez, Juan Carlos Romero-Benavides
BACKGROUND: "Horchata" is an herbal mixture infusion consumed in Southern Ecuador; 66% of its plants are anti-inflammatory medicinal plant, and 51% are analgesics. Anti-inflammatory substances can prevent carcinogenesis mediated by cytotoxic effects and can prevent DNA damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and apoptotic/antigenotoxic effects of horchata as well as its mechanism. METHODS: Nine different varieties of horchata were prepared in the traditional way and then freeze-dried...
December 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223571/novel-nitroaromatic-compound-activates-autophagy-and-apoptosis-pathways-in-hl60-cells
#14
Gabriele de Matos Cardoso Perdigão, Marcela Silva Lopes, Lucas Bonfim Marques, Pedro Henrique Dias Moura Prazeres, Kamila de Sousa Gomes, Renata Barbosa de Oliveira, Mauro Cunha Xavier Pinto, Elaine Maria de Souza-Fagundes
N-(2-butanoyloxyethyl)-4-(chloromethyl)-3-nitrobenzamide (NBCN) is a nitroaromatic bioreducible compound with cytotoxic effects in cancer cell lines. The aim of this work was to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in cell death promoted by NBCN in HL60 cells. We observed that NBCN treatment increased intracellular ROS and reduced mitochondria membrane potential (ΔΨm). NBCN treatment also induced morphological changes, phosphatidylserine exposure, cell cycle arrest in G2/M-phase, DNA condensation and fragmentation, but it did not show cytotoxic effects on normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
March 1, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220699/hiv-1-tat-protein-induces-dna-damage-in-human-peripheral-blood-b-lymphocytes-via-mitochondrial-ros-production
#15
Rawan El-Amine, Diego Germini, Vlada V Zakharova, Tatyana Tsfasman, Eugene V Sheval, Ruy A N Louzada, Corinne Dupuy, Chrystèle Bilhou-Nabera, Aline Hamade, Fadia Najjar, Eric Oksenhendler, Marс Lipinski, Boris V Chernyak, Yegor S Vassetzky
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with B-cell malignancies in patients though HIV-1 is not able to infect B-cells. The rate of B-cell lymphomas in HIV-infected individuals remains high even under the combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) that reconstitutes the immune function. Thus, the contribution of HIV-1 to B-cell oncogenesis remains enigmatic. HIV-1 induces oxidative stress and DNA damage in infected cells via multiple mechanisms, including viral Tat protein. We have detected elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA damage in B-cells of HIV-infected individuals...
May 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193444/morin-exerts-neuroprotection-via-attenuation-of-ros-induced-oxidative-damage-and-neuroinflammation-in-experimental-diabetic-neuropathy
#16
Pragna Bachewal, Chayanika Gundu, Veera Ganesh Yerra, Anil Kumar Kalvala, Aparna Areti, Ashutosh Kumar
Morin, a bioflavonoid with diverse pharmacological effects against various diseases; in most cases morin protective effects were attributed to its detoxifying effect against reactive oxygen species (ROS). Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a chronic, debilitating neuronal pain associated with intense generation of free radicals and proinflammatory cytokine accumulation in peripheral neurons. We investigated the pharmacological effect of morin against metabolic excess mediated mitochondrial ROS generation and corresponding effect on Nrf2, NF-κB pathways in Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and in high glucose insulted Mouse neuroblastoma cell line, Neuro 2A (N2A)...
November 28, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173808/epigenetic-and-microenvironmental-alterations-in-bone-marrow-associated-with-ros-in-experimental-aplastic-anemia
#17
Ritam Chatterjee, Sujata Law
Aplastic anemia or bone marrow failure often develops as an effect of chemotherapeutic drug application for the treatment of various pathophysiological conditions including cancer. The long-term bone marrow injury affects the basic hematopoietic population including hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). The present study aimed in unearthing the underlying mechanisms of chemotherapeutics mediated bone marrow aplasia with special focus on altered redox status and associated effects on hematopoietic microenvironment and epigenetic status of hematopoietic cells...
January 2018: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162709/-ehrlichia-chaffeensis-and-its-invasin-etpe-block-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-by-macrophages-in-a-dnase-x-dependent-manner
#18
Omid Teymournejad, Mingqun Lin, Yasuko Rikihisa
The obligatory intracellular pathogen Ehrlichia chaffeensis lacks most genes that confer resistance to oxidative stress but can block reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by host monocytes-macrophages. Bacterial and host molecules responsible for this inhibition have not been identified. To infect host cells, Ehrlichia uses the C terminus of its surface invasin, entry-triggering protein of Ehrlichia (EtpE; EtpE-C), which directly binds the mammalian cell surface receptor glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein DNase X...
November 21, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140957/beneficial-effects-of-angiotensin-1-7-on-cd34-cells-from-patients-with-heart-failure
#19
Colleen T Cole-Jeffrey, Carl J Pepine, Michael J Katovich, Maria B Grant, Mohan K Raizada, Sugata Hazra
The dysfunctional nature of CD34 cells from patients with heart failure (HF) may make them unsuitable for autologous stem-cell therapy. In view of evidence that the vasoprotective axis of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) improves CD34 cell functions, we hypothesized that CD34 cells from patients with HF will be dysfunctional and that angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] would improve their function. Peripheral blood was collected from New York Heart Association class II-IV patients with HF (n = 31) and reference subjects (n = 16)...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129782/reactive-oxygen-species-production-triggers-green-tea-induced-anti-leukaemic-effects-on-acute-promyelocytic-leukaemia-model
#20
Cristiane Okuda Torello, Rodrigo Naoto Shiraishi, Fernanda Isabel Della Via, Tamara Cristina Lopes de Castro, Ana Leda Longhini, Irene Santos, André Luis Bombeiro, Cleide Lúcia Araujo Silva, Mary Luci de Souza Queiroz, Eduardo Magalhães Rego, Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
Green tea (GT) has been consumed as a beverage for thousands of years because of its therapeutic properties observed over time. Because there is no sufficient evidence supporting the protective role of tea intake during the development of acute myeloid leukaemia, we herein study GT extract effects on an acute promyelocytic leukaemia model. Our results demonstrated that GT reduces leucocytosis and immature cells (blasts) in peripheral blood, bone marrow (BM), and spleen of leukaemic mice, parallel with an increase of mature cells in the BM...
February 1, 2018: Cancer Letters
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