keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Effect of ROS on peripheral blood cells

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216895/vincamine-alleviates-amyloid-%C3%AE-25-35-peptides-induced-cytotoxicity-in-pc12-cells
#1
Jianfeng Han, Qiumin Qu, Jin Qiao, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Vincamine is a plant alkaloid used clinically as a peripheral vasodilator that increases cerebral blood flow and oxygen and glucose utilization by neural tissue to combat the effect of aging. The main purpose of the present study is to investigate the influence of vincamine on amyloid-β 25-35 (Aβ25-35) induced cytotoxicity, to gain a better understanding of the neuroprotective effects of this clinically used anti-Alzheimer's disease drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oxidative stress was assessed by measuring malondialdehyde, glutathione, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181167/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-methylation-changes-in-inflammation-related-genes-in-peripheral-blood-cells
#2
A Arpón, J I Riezu-Boj, F I Milagro, C Razquin, M A Martínez-González, D Corella, R Estruch, R Casas, M Fitó, E Ros, J Salas-Salvadó, J A Martínez
Epigenetic processes, including DNA methylation, might be modulated by environmental factors such as the diet, which in turn have been associated with the onset of several diseases such as obesity or cardiovascular events. Meanwhile, Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has demonstrated favourable effects on cardiovascular risk, blood pressure, inflammation and other complications related to excessive adiposity. Some of these effects could be mediated by epigenetic modifications. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether the adherence to MedDiet is associated with changes in the methylation status from peripheral blood cells...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115023/astaxanthin-attenuates-total-body-irradiation-induced-hematopoietic-system-injury-in-mice-via-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis
#3
Xiao-Lei Xue, Xiao-Dan Han, Yuan Li, Xiao-Fei Chu, Wei-Min Miao, Jun-Ling Zhang, Sai-Jun Fan
BACKGROUND: The hematopoietic system is especially sensitive to total body irradiation (TBI), and myelosuppression is one of the major effects of TBI. Astaxanthin (ATX) is a powerful natural anti-oxidant with low toxicity. In this study, the effect of ATX on hematopoietic system injury after TBI was investigated. METHODS: Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), expression of cytochrome C, cell apoptosis, and NRF2-related proteins...
January 23, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105091/effect-of-melatonin-on-the-peripheral-t-lymphocyte-cell-cycle-and-levels-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-patients-with-premature-ovarian-failure
#4
Yanmin Li, Hongli Liu, Jing Sun, Yipeng Tian, Changzhong Li
The objective of the present study was to observe the curative effect and mechanism of melatonin for suppression of premature ovarian failure (POF). From December 2014 to June 2015, 128 patients were consecutively diagnosed with POF in the Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. The patients were randomly divided into the experimental and control groups. The experimental group received melatonin tablets (1-3 mg/day), while the control group received placebo tablets. The levels of six sex hormones, percentage of T lymphocytes in the G1/M phase, and levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined at four different time-points (1 day before treatment, and at 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment) in both groups...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089725/high-concentration-of-branched-chain-amino-acids-promotes-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-migration-of-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-via-mtorc1-activation
#5
Olha Zhenyukh, Esther Civantos, Marta Ruiz-Ortega, Maria Soledad Sánchez, Clotilde Vázquez, Concepción Peiró, Jesús Egido, Sebastián Mas
Leucine, isoleucine and valine are essential aminoacids termed branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) due to its aliphatic side-chain. In several pathological and physiological conditions increased BCAA plasma concentrations have been described. Elevated BCAA levels predict insulin resistance development. Moreover, BCAA levels higher than 2mmol/L are neurotoxic by inducing microglial activation in maple syrup urine disease. However, there are no studies about the direct effects of BCAA in circulating cells. We have explored whether BCAA could promote oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory status in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from healthy donors...
January 13, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081460/blood-brain-barrier-dysfunction-induced-by-silica-nps-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-involvement-of-oxidative-stress-and-rho-kinase-jnk-signaling-pathways
#6
Xin Liu, Baiyan Sui, Jiao Sun
Silica nanoparticles (SiO2-NPs) has been extensively exploited in biomedical fields and mostly designed to enter the circulatory system, however, few studies focused on the potential adverse effects of SiO2-NPs exposure on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that serves as a critical barrier between the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral circulation. This study attempts to provide an understanding of whether and how SiO2-NPs disrupts the BBB in vitro and in vivo. Through a human BBB model, we found that SiO2-NPs could induce tight junction loss and cytoskeleton arrangement, and increase inflammatory response and the release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) of brain microvessel endothelial cells (BMECs), which further activates astrocytes to amplify the generation of VEGF and increase the aquaporin-4 expression, and thus causing BBB disruption through a complex immunoregulatory loop between BMECs and astrocytes under SiO2-NPs exposure...
March 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078186/soluble-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-improves-stromal-cell-derived-factor-1-activity-in-model-diabetic-environments
#7
Melissa Przyborowski Olekson, Renea A Faulknor, Henry C Hsia, Ann Marie Schmidt, François Berthiaume
Objective: In diabetes, hyperglycemia causes the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that trigger reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation through binding the receptor for AGEs (RAGE). Because exogenous growth factors have had little success in enhancing chronic wound healing, we investigated whether hyperglycemia-induced AGEs interfere with cellular responses to extracellular signals. We used stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), an angiogenic chemokine also known to promote stem cell recruitment in skin wounds...
December 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065629/the-effects-of-emodin-on-cell-viability-respiratory-burst-and-gene-expression-of-nrf2-keap1-signaling-molecules-in-the-peripheral-blood-leukocytes-of-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala
#8
Zhenxin Zhao, Jun Xie, Bo Liu, Xianping Ge, Changyou Song, Mingchun Ren, Qunlan Zhou, Linghong Miao, Huimin Zhang, Fan Shan, Zhenfei Yang
We determined the effects of emodin on the cell viability, respiratory burst activity, mRNA levels of antioxidative enzymes (Cu-Zn SOD, CAT and NOX2), and gene expressions of the Nrf2-Keap1 signaling molecules in the peripheral blood leukocytes of blunt snout bream. Triplicate groups of cultured cells were treated with different concentrations of emodin (0.04-25 μg/ml) for 24 h. Results showed that the emodin caused a dramatic loss in cell viability, and occurred in a dose-dependent manner. Emodin exposure (1-25 μg/ml) were significantly induced the ROS generation compared to the control...
January 5, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058665/oxidative-stress-and-genotoxicity-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-to-pseudomonas-species-human-promyelocytic-leukemic-hl-60-and-blood-cells
#9
Deepika Soni, Deepa Gandhi, Prashant Tarale, Amit Bafana, R A Pandey, Saravanadevi Sivanesan
In the present study, toxicity of commercial zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) was studied on the bacterium Pseudomonas sp., human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The toxicity was assessed by measuring growth, cell viability, and protein expression in bacterial cell. The bacterial growth and viability decreased with increasing concentrations of ZnO NP. Three major proteins, ribosomal protein L1 and L9 along with alkyl hydroperoxides reductase, were upregulated by 1...
January 5, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988860/the-mitochondrial-apoptotic-pathway-is-induced-by-cu-ii-antineoplastic-compounds-casiope%C3%A3-nas-%C3%A2-in-sk-n-sh-neuroblastoma-cells-after-short-exposure-times
#10
Juan Carlos García-Ramos, Anllely Grizett Gutiérrez, Adriana Vázquez-Aguirre, Yanis Toledano-Magaña, Ana Luisa Alonso-Sáenz, Virginia Gómez-Vidales, Marcos Flores-Alamo, Carmen Mejía, Lena Ruiz-Azuara
The family of Copper(II) coordination compounds Casiopeínas(®) (Cas) has shown antiproliferative activity in several tumour lines by oxidative cellular damage and mitochondrial dysfunction that lead to cell death through apoptotic pathways. The goal of this work is looking for the functional mechanism of CasIIgly, CasIIIia and CasIIIEa in neuroblastoma metastatic cell line SK-N-SH, a paediatric extra-cranial tumour which is refractory to several anti-carcinogenic agents. All Cas have shown higher antiproliferative activity than cisplatin (IC50 = 123 μM) with IC50 values of 18, 22 and 63 µM for CasIIgly, CasIIIEa and CasIIIia, respectively...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932441/trophoblast-cells-inhibit-neutrophil-extracellular-trap-formation-and-enhance-apoptosis-through-vasoactive-intestinal-peptide-mediated-pathways
#11
Guillermina Calo, Florencia Sabbione, Daiana Vota, Daniel Paparini, Rosanna Ramhorst, Analía Trevani, Claudia Pérez Leirós
STUDY QUESTION: Do human trophoblast cells modulate neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) synthesis and neutrophil apoptosis through mechanisms involving vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Trophoblast cells inhibited NET formation and ROS synthesis and enhanced neutrophil apoptosis through VIP-mediated pathways in a model of maternal-placental interaction. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Immune homeostasis maintenance at the maternal-placental interface is mostly coordinated by trophoblast cells...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815458/polymorphism-in-murine-mtatp8-gene-correlates-with-decreased-reactive-oxygen-species-in-aging-hematopoietic-cells
#12
Catrin Roolf, Christin Kretzschmar, Katrin Timmer, Anett Sekora, Gudrun Knübel, Hugo Murua Escobar, Georg Fuellen, Saleh M Ibrahim, Markus Tiedge, Simone Baltrusch, Sarah Müller, Rüdiger Köhling, Christian Junghanss
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encodes for the respiratory chain proteins. Genetic alterations in mtDNA have been described during aging and linked to impaired hematopoiesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated two novel conplastic mouse strains harboring a mitochondrial nt7778 G/T polymorphism leading to an amino acid exchange in respiratory chain complex V. Effects on reactive oxygen species (ROS) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels, as well as bone marrow composition and peripheral blood counts, were investigated during aging (up to 24 month)...
November 2016: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809262/benzene-exposure-alters-expression-of-enzymes-involved-in-fatty-acid-%C3%AE-oxidation-in-male-c3h-he-mice
#13
Rongli Sun, Meng Cao, Juan Zhang, Wenwen Yang, Haiyan Wei, Xing Meng, Lihong Yin, Yuepu Pu
Benzene is a well-known hematotoxic carcinogen that can cause leukemia and a variety of blood disorders. Our previous study indicated that benzene disturbs levels of metabolites in the fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO) pathway, which is crucial for the maintenance and function of hematopoietic and leukemic cells. The present research aims to investigate the effects of benzene on changes in the expression of key enzymes in the FAO pathway in male C3H/He mice. Results showed that benzene exposure caused reduced peripheral white blood cell (WBC), red blood cell (RBC), platelet (Pit) counts, and hemoglobin (Hgb) concentration...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796742/brain-oxidative-stress-during-experimental-sepsis-is-attenuated-by-simvastatin-administration
#14
Carlos Henrique Rocha Catalão, Nilton Nascimento Santos-Júnior, Luís Henrique Angenendt da Costa, Anderson Oliveira Souza, Luciane Carla Alberici, Maria José Alves Rocha
During sepsis, brain damage is associated with oxidative stress due to overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Although there are recent reports about the benefits of statins in experimental sepsis and endotoxemia in peripheral organs, little is known about their effects in the CNS. Here, we investigated the antioxidant properties of simvastatin and its possible neuroprotective role during experimental sepsis. Male Wistar rats (250-300 g) were submitted to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP, n = 34) or remained as non-manipulated (naive, n = 34)...
October 28, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658325/cyto-genotoxicity-and-oxidative-stress-induced-by-zinc-oxide-nanoparticle-in-human-lymphocyte-cells-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-swiss-albino-male-mice-in%C3%A2-vivo
#15
Manosij Ghosh, Sonali Sinha, Manivannan Jothiramajayam, Aditi Jana, Anish Nag, Anita Mukherjee
ZnO-np has immense potential and application in cosmetic and health care sectors. Hence it was imperative to assess the toxicity/safety of these nanoparticles. In this study, we have evaluated the effects of ZnO-np in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in vitro and in Swiss albino male mice in vivo for cyto-genotoxicity and oxidative damage. In vitro results showed that ZnO-nps were weakly genotoxic, induced significant decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential and was capable of ROS generation, leading to apoptosis...
November 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626489/polymorphisms-of-the-murine-mitochondrial-nd4-cytb-and-cox3-genes-impact-hematopoiesis-during-aging
#16
Christin Kretzschmar, Catrin Roolf, Katrin Timmer, Anett Sekora, Gudrun Knübel, Hugo Murua Escobar, Georg Fuellen, Saleh M Ibrahim, Markus Tiedge, Simone Baltrusch, Robert Jaster, Rüdiger Köhling, Christian Junghanss
During aging, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) can accumulate mutations leading to increasing levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Increased ROS were described to activate formerly quiescent hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). Mutations in mtDNA were shown to enhance the risk for myelodysplastic syndrome and leukemia. However, the complex relationship between mtDNA variations, ROS and aging of the hematopoietic system is not fully understood.Herein, three mouse strains with mtDNA polymorphisms in genes of respiratory chain complexes I (ND4), III (CYTB) and IV (COX3) were compared to a reference strain during aging...
September 10, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606829/lox-fails-to-substitute-for-rankl-in-osteoclastogenesis
#17
Masayuki Tsukasaki, Koki Hamada, Kazuo Okamoto, Kazuki Nagashima, Asuka Terashima, Noriko Komatsu, Stephanie J Win, Tadashi Okamura, Takeshi Nitta, Hisataka Yasuda, Josef M Penninger, Hiroshi Takayanagi
Osteoclasts are the exclusive bone-resorbing cells that have a central role in bone homeostasis as well as bone destruction in cancer and autoimmune disease. Both mouse and human genetic studies have clearly proven that receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL; encoded by the Tnfsf11 gene) and its receptor RANK are essential for osteoclastogenesis. Although there have been several reports on RANKL-independent osteoclastogenesis, previous studies have never provided in vivo evidence showing RANKL can be substituted by other molecules using RANKL- or RANK-deficient genetic backgrounds...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529445/neuron-microglia-interaction-induced-bi-directional-cytotoxicity-associated-with-calpain-activation
#18
Maria Podbielska, Arabinda Das, Amena W Smith, Ashok Chauhan, Swapan K Ray, Jun Inoue, Mitsuyoshi Azuma, Kenkichi Nozaki, Edward L Hogan, Naren L Banik
Activated microglia release pro-inflammatory factors and calpain into the extracellular milieu, damaging surrounding neurons. However, mechanistic links to progressive neurodegeneration in disease such as multiple sclerosis (MS) remain obscure. We hypothesize that persistent damaged/dying neurons may also release cytotoxic factors and calpain into the media, which then activate microglia again. Thus, inflammation, neuronal damage, and microglia activation, i.e., bi-directional interaction between neurons and microglia, may be involved in the progressive neurodegeneration...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497983/newly-synthesized-bis-benzimidazole-compound-8-induces-apoptosis-autophagy-and-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-in-hela-cells
#19
Naying Chu, Guodong Yao, Yuan Liu, Maosheng Cheng, Takashi Ikejima
Compound 8 (C8) is a newly synthesized bis-benzimidazole derivative and exerts significant anti-tumor activity in vitro. Previous studies demonstrated that C8 induced apoptosis and autophagy in human promyelocytic leukemia HL60 cells. However, cytotoxicity study on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMC) showed that C8 exhibited less toxicity in normal cells. In this study, the molecular mechanism of C8 on human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells was investigated. The results showed that C8 inhibited the growth of HeLa cells and triggered both apoptotic and autophagic cell death...
September 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494754/chrysobalanus-icaco-l-fruits-inhibit-nadph-oxidase-complex-and-protect-dna-against-doxorubicin-induced-damage-in-wistar-male-rats
#20
Vinicius Paula Venancio, Marcella Camargo Marques, Mara Ribeiro Almeida, Lilian Regina Barros Mariutti, Vanessa Cristina de Oliveira Souza, Fernando Barbosa, Maria Lourdes Pires Bianchi, Cleni Mara Marzocchi-Machado, Adriana Zerlotti Mercadante, Lusânia Maria Greggi Antunes
Chrysobalanus icaco L. is an underexplored plant found in tropical areas around the globe. Currently, there is no apparent information regarding the effects C. icaco fruits may exert in vivo or potential role in health promotion. This study aimed at providing evidence regarding the in vivo influence of this fruit on antigenotoxicity, antimutagenicity, and oxidative stress in rats. Male Wistar rats were treated with 100, 200, or 400 mg/kg body weight (bw)/d C. icaco fruit for 14 d. Doxorubicin (DXR, 15 mg/kg bw, ip) was used for DNA damaging and as an oxidant to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
keyword
keyword
34678
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"