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Effect of ROS on peripheral blood cells

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341317/apoptosis-induction-in-k562-human-myelogenous-leukaemia-cells-is-connected-to-the-modulation-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling-by-bhx-a-novel-pyrazoline-derivative
#1
Hanmei Bao, Qing Zhang, Yibo Du, Cai Zhang, Hui Xu, Zhongling Zhu, Zhao Yan
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore the effects of BHX on human chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) cells and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CML cell line K562 cells were treated with BHX. The effects of BHX on cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle were detected. Subsequently, the caspase, ATP activity, Ca2+ , ROS and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) levels treated with various concentrations of BHX were analysed...
January 16, 2018: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258490/cytotoxic-antioxidative-genotoxic-and-antigenotoxic-effects-of-horchata-beverage-of-south-ecuador
#2
Natalia Bailon-Moscoso, Fani Tinitana, Ruth Martínez-Espinosa, Andrea Jaramillo-Velez, Alejandra Palacio-Arpi, Jessica Aguilar-Hernandez, Juan Carlos Romero-Benavides
BACKGROUND: "Horchata" is an herbal mixture infusion consumed in Southern Ecuador; 66% of its plants are anti-inflammatory medicinal plant, and 51% are analgesics. Anti-inflammatory substances can prevent carcinogenesis mediated by cytotoxic effects and can prevent DNA damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and apoptotic/antigenotoxic effects of horchata as well as its mechanism. METHODS: Nine different varieties of horchata were prepared in the traditional way and then freeze-dried...
December 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223571/noval-nitroaromatic-compound-activates-autophagy-and-apoptosis-pathways-in-hl60%C3%A2-cells
#3
Gabriele Mendes M C Perdigão, Marcela Silva Lopes, Lucas Bonfim Marques, Pedro Henrique Dias Moura Prazeres, Kamila de Sousa Gomes, Renata Barbosa de Oliveira, Mauro Cunha Xavier Pinto, Elaine Maria de Souza-Fagundes
N-(2-butanoyloxyethyl)-4-(chloromethyl)-3-nitrobenzamide (NBCN) is a nitroaromatic bioreductible compound with cytotoxic effects in cancer cells lines. The aim of this work was investigated the molecular mechanisms involved in cell death promoted by NBCN on HL60 cells line. We observed that NBCN treatment increased intracellular ROS, reduced mitochondria membrane potential (ΔΨm). The treatment also induced morphological changes, phosphatidylserine exposure, cell cycle arrest in G2/M-phase, DNA condensation and fragmentation in HL60 cells, but did not showed cytotoxic effects on normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)...
December 6, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220699/hiv-1-tat-protein-induces-dna-damage-in-human-peripheral-blood-b-lymphocytes-via-mitochondrial-ros-production
#4
Rawan El-Amine, Diego Germini, Vlada V Zakharova, Tatyana Tsfasman, Eugene V Sheval, Ruy A N Louzada, Corinne Dupuy, Chrystèle Bilhou-Nabera, Aline Hamade, Fadia Najjar, Eric Oksenhendler, Marс Lipinski, Boris V Chernyak, Yegor S Vassetzky
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with B-cell malignancies in patients though HIV-1 is not able to infect B-cells. The rate of B-cell lymphomas in HIV-infected individuals remains high even under the combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) that reconstitutes the immune function. Thus, the contribution of HIV-1 to B-cell oncogenesis remains enigmatic. HIV-1 induces oxidative stress and DNA damage in infected cells via multiple mechanisms, including viral Tat protein. We have detected elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA damage in B-cells of HIV-infected individuals...
December 5, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193444/morin-exerts-neuroprotection-via-attenuation-of-ros-induced-oxidative-damage-and-neuroinflammation-in-experimental-diabetic-neuropathy
#5
Pragna Bachewal, Chayanika Gundu, Veera Ganesh Yerra, Anil Kumar Kalvala, Aparna Areti, Ashutosh Kumar
Morin, a bioflavonoid with diverse pharmacological effects against various diseases; in most cases morin protective effects were attributed to its detoxifying effect against reactive oxygen species (ROS). Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a chronic, debilitating neuronal pain associated with intense generation of free radicals and proinflammatory cytokine accumulation in peripheral neurons. We investigated the pharmacological effect of morin against metabolic excess mediated mitochondrial ROS generation and corresponding effect on Nrf2, NF-κB pathways in Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and in high glucose insulted Mouse neuroblastoma cell line, Neuro 2A (N2A)...
November 28, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173808/epigenetic-and-microenvironmental-alterations-in-bone-marrow-associated-with-ros-in-experimental-aplastic-anemia
#6
Ritam Chatterjee, Sujata Law
Aplastic anemia or bone marrow failure often develops as an effect of chemotherapeutic drug application for the treatment of various pathophysiological conditions including cancer. The long-term bone marrow injury affects the basic hematopoietic population including hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). The present study aimed in unearthing the underlying mechanisms of chemotherapeutics mediated bone marrow aplasia with special focus on altered redox status and associated effects on hematopoietic microenvironment and epigenetic status of hematopoietic cells...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162709/ehrlichia-chaffeensis-and-its-invasin-etpe-block-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-by-macrophages-in-a-dnase-x-dependent-manner
#7
Omid Teymournejad, Mingqun Lin, Yasuko Rikihisa
The obligatory intracellular pathogen Ehrlichia chaffeensis lacks most genes that confer resistance to oxidative stress but can block reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by host monocytes-macrophages. Bacterial and host molecules responsible for this inhibition have not been identified. To infect host cells, Ehrlichia uses the C terminus of its surface invasin, entry-triggering protein of Ehrlichia (EtpE; EtpE-C), which directly binds the mammalian cell surface receptor glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein DNase X...
November 21, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140957/beneficial-effects-of-angiotensin-1-7-on-cd34-cells-from-heart-failure-patients
#8
Colleen T Cole-Jeffrey, Carl J Pepine, Michael J Katovich, Maria B Grant, Mohan K Raizada, Sugata Hazra
The dysfunctional nature of CD34 cells from heart failure (HF) patients makes them unsuitable for autologous stem cell therapy. In view of evidence that the vasoprotective axis of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) improves CD34 cell functions, we hypothesized that CD34 cells from HF patients will be dysfunctional and that Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] would improve their function. Peripheral blood was collected from NYHA class II-IV HF patients (n=31) and reference subjects (n=16). CD34 cell numbers from HF patients were reduced by 47% (p<0...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129782/reactive-oxygen-species-production-triggers-green-tea-induced-anti-leukaemic-effects-on-acute-promyelocytic-leukaemia-model
#9
Cristiane Okuda Torello, Rodrigo Naoto Shiraishi, Fernanda Isabel Della Via, Tamara Cristina Lopes de Castro, Ana Leda Longhini, Irene Santos, André Luis Bombeiro, Cleide Lúcia Araujo Silva, Mary Luci de Souza Queiroz, Eduardo Magalhães Rego, Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
Green tea (GT) has been consumed as a beverage for thousands of years because of its therapeutic properties observed over time. Because there is no sufficient evidence supporting the protective role of tea intake during the development of acute myeloid leukaemia, we herein study GT extract effects on an acute promyelocytic leukaemia model. Our results demonstrated that GT reduces leucocytosis and immature cells (blasts) in peripheral blood, bone marrow (BM), and spleen of leukaemic mice, parallel with an increase of mature cells in the BM...
November 10, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982193/cysteamine-mediated-clearance-of-antibiotic-resistant-pathogens-in-human-cystic-fibrosis-macrophages
#10
Chandra L Shrestha, Kaivon D Assani, Hannah Rinehardt, Florentina Albastroiu, Shuzhong Zhang, Richard Shell, Amal O Amer, Larry S Schlesinger, Benjamin T Kopp
Members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex are virulent, multi-drug resistant pathogens that survive and replicate intracellularly in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We have discovered that B. cenocepacia cannot be cleared from CF macrophages due to defective autophagy, causing continued systemic inflammation and infection. Defective autophagy in CF is mediated through constitutive reactive oxygen species (ROS) activation of transglutaminase-2 (TG2), which causes the sequestration (accumulation) of essential autophagy initiating proteins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975481/interaction-of-allogeneic-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cells-and-unstimulated-immune-cells-in-vitro-the-impact-of-cell-to-cell-contact-and-hypoxia-in-the-local-milieu
#11
Aleksandra N Gornostaeva, Elena R Andreeva, Polina I Bobyleva, Ludmila B Buravkova
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an attractive tool for cell therapy and regenerative medicine. Being applied in vivo, allogeneic MSCs are faced with both activated and unstimulated immune cells. The effects of MSCs on activated immune cells are well described and are mainly suppressive. Less is known about the interaction of MSCs with unstimulated immune cells. We evaluated the contribution of tissue-related O2 level ("physiological" hypoxia-5% O2) and cell-to-cell contact to the interaction between allogeneic adipose tissue-derived MSCs (ASCs) and unstimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
October 3, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965035/low-cytotoxicity-of-anisotropic-gold-nanoparticles-coated-with-lysine-on-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-vitro
#12
Jorge O Avila-Alejo, Ana K González-Palomo, Germán Plascencia-Villa, Miguel José-Yacamán, Hugo R Navarro-Contreras, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of anisotropic (non spherical morphologies) gold nanoparticles coated with the amino acid Lysine (Lys) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) "in vitro". Gold (Au) nanoparticles tested in this study were synthesized by a seed-mediated growth using Lys as a structure and shape directing agent. Cytotoxic effects were evaluated by cell viability (resazurin assay), reactive oxygen species (ROS) induction (2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate assay), DNA damage (comet assay) and apoptosis/necrosis (AnnexinV/propidium iodide assay) after PBMC were exposed to increasing concentrations (10, 25, 50, 100, and 250μM) of AuNPs coated with Lys (AuNPs-Lys) at different exposure times (3, 6, 12, and 24h)...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935207/effects-of-energy-supply-and-nicotinic-acid-supplementation-on-phagocytosis-and-ros-production-of-blood-immune-cells-of-periparturient-primi-and-pluriparous-dairy-cows
#13
S Bühler, J Frahm, W Liermann, R Tienken, S Kersten, U Meyer, K Huber, S Dänicke
Effects of energy supply and nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation on the phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and on ROS production in PMN of periparturient cows differing in parity were examined. 29 pluriparous and 18 primiparous cows were allocated to four different feeding groups from 42days prepartum until 100days postpartum. They were fed either a ration with a low concentrate proportion of 30% (LC) or a high concentrate proportion of 60% (HC)...
September 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860481/increased-expression-of-siglec-9-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Zhilin Zeng, Miao Li, Meijia Wang, Xiaomei Wu, Qinghai Li, Qin Ning, Jianping Zhao, Yongjian Xu, Jungang Xie
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common inflammatory lung disease. Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-type lectins 9 (Siglec-9) is predominantly expressed on innate immune cells and has been shown to exert regulatory effect on immune cells through glycan recognition. Soluble Siglec-9 (sSiglec-9), the extracellular region of Siglec-9, might fulfill its function partly by competitive inhibiting siglec-9 binding to its ligands; however, the role of Siglec-9 and sSiglec-9 in the pathogenesis COPD remain largely unknown...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833034/rheumatoid-arthritis-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-co-cultured-with-pbmc-increased-peripheral-cd4-cxcr5-icos-t-cell-numbers
#15
Y Tang, B Wang, X Sun, H Li, X Ouyang, J Wei, B Dai, Y Zhang, X Li
'Circulating' T follicular helper cells (Tfh), characterized by their surface phenotypes CD4(+) chemokine receptor 5 (CXCR5)(+) inducible co-stimulatory molecule (ICOS)(+) , have been identified as the CD4(+) T cell subset specialized in supporting the activation, expansion and differentiation of B cells. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) are critical in promoting inflammation and cartilage destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the interaction between FLS and T cells is considered to facilitate FLS activation and T cell recruitment...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815947/olive-oil-phenolics-prevent-oxysterol-induced-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-secretion-and-ros-production-in-human-pbmcs-through-modulation-of-p38-and-jnk-pathways
#16
Gessica Serra, Monica Deiana, Jeremy P E Spencer, Giulia Corona
SCOPE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) polyphenols to counteract the pro-inflammatory effects induced by dietary and endogenous oxysterols in ex-vivo immune cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), separated from the whole blood of healthy donors, were utilised and were stimulated with an oxysterols mixture, in the presence of physiologically relevant concentrations of the EVOO polyphenols, hydroxytyrosol (HT), tyrosol (TYR) and homovanillic alcohol (HVA)...
August 16, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782442/whole-body-proton-irradiation-causes-acute-damage-to-bone-marrow-hematopoietic-progenitor-and-stem-cells-in-mice
#17
Jianhui Chang, Yingying Wang, Rupak Pathak, Vijayalakshmi Sridharan, Tamako Jones, Xiao Wen Mao, Gregory Nelson, Marjan Boerma, Martin Hauer-Jensen, Daohong Zhou, Lijian Shao
PURPOSE: Exposure to proton irradiation during missions in deep space can lead to bone marrow injury. The acute effects of proton irradiation on hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells remain undefined and thus were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We exposed male C57BL/6 mice to 0.5 and 1.0 Gy proton total body irradiation (proton-TBI, 150 MeV) and examined changes in peripheral blood cells and bone marrow (BM) progenitors and LSK cells 2 weeks after exposure...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748372/training-and-acute-exercise-modulates-mitochondrial-dynamics-in-football-players-blood-mononuclear-cells
#18
Carla Busquets-Cortés, Xavier Capó, Miquel Martorell, Josep A Tur, Antoni Sureda, Antoni Pons
PURPOSE: Regular physical activity induces oxidative stress but also causes adaptations in antioxidant defences including the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway, which activates target genes related to antioxidant defences such as uncoupling proteins (UCPs), and mitochondrial biogenesis mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α). The aim of the study was to determine the effect of long-term training and acute exercise on oxidant/antioxidant status and the expression of mitochondrial biogenesis genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
October 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645468/aldhs-in-normal-and-malignant-hematopoietic-cells-potential-new-avenues-for-treatment-of-aml-and-other-blood-cancers
#19
Maura Gasparetto, Clayton A Smith
Multiple studies have demonstrated that ALDH1A1 is elevated in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). As a means to better characterize such cells, we previously developed the fluorescent ALDH1A1 substrate Aldefluor to facilitate HSC identification and isolation. This has proven useful for counting and isolating HSCs from human bone marrow, peripheral blood and cord blood as well as stem cells in other tissues and organisms. Given the high level expression of ALDH1A1, we explored its biology and that of other ALDHs in HSCs and found that ALDH1A1 and ALDH3A1 were important in metabolizing reactive aldehydes (RAlds) and reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
June 20, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595784/cadmium-triggers-mitochondrial-oxidative-stress-in-human-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes-and-monocytes-analysis-using-in-vitro-and-system-toxicology-approaches
#20
Nouf Abdulkareem Omer Alkharashi, Vaiyapuri Subbarayan Periasamy, Jegan Athinarayanan, Ali A Alshatwi
Cadmium (Cd) is a well-known heavy metal that causes environmental pollution and human health problems. Several studies attempted to assess Cd toxicity in vitro and in vivo. However, the systemic profile of cadmium toxicity has not been studied well. In the present study, we assessed the toxicity of Cd on human peripheral blood lymphocytes and monocytes and gene expression, using a system toxicological approach. Cd effect on cell viability and morphology were analyzed by MTT assay and AO/EB staining respectively...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
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