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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127574/biologic-treatment-for-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-report-of-four-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci, Michelangelo Baldazzi, Laura Greco, Andrea Pession
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare non-infectious inflammatory disorder with unpredictable clinical course, characterized by acute exacerbations and spontaneous remissions. There are no randomized-controlled trials about treatment options. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are the first-line treatment option; glucocorticoids seem to be effective; positive outcomes have been obtained with bisphosphonates. In the last few years successful use of biologic agents like anti-TNF agents has been reported...
November 11, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124297/complete-resolution-and-remodeling-of-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-on-mri-and-radiographs
#2
Y J Berkowitz, S J Greenwood, G Cribb, K Davies, V N Cassar-Pullicino
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare condition thought to be under-diagnosed, with a true prevalence of more than the 1 in 10,000 estimated. It is a condition that is classically described as polyostotic with a relapsing and remitting course, preferentially affecting the metaphyses of tubular bones in the pediatric population. Lesions have characteristic appearances of cortical hyperostosis and mixed lytic/sclerotic medullary appearances radiographically, with active osteitis and periostitis best seen with fluid-sensitive sequences on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 9, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112802/consensus-treatment-plans-for-chronic-nonbacterial-osteomyelitis-refractory-to-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-or-with-active-spinal-lesions
#3
Yongdong Zhao, Eveline Y Wu, Melissa S Oliver, Ashley M Cooper, Matthew L Basiaga, Sheetal S Vora, Tzielan C Lee, Emily Fox, Gil Amarilyo, Sara M Stern, Jeffrey A Dvergsten, Kathleen A Haines, Kelly A Rouster-Stevens, Karen B Onel, Julie Cherian, Jonathan S Hausmann, Paivi Miettunen, Tania Cellucci, Farzana Nuruzzaman, Angela Taneja, Karyl S Barron, Matthew C Hollander, Sivia K Lapidus, Suzanne C Li, Seza Ozen, Hermann Girschick, Ronald M Laxer, Fatma Dedeoglu, Christian M Hedrich, Polly J Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: To develop standardized treatment regimens for chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO), also known as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) to enable comparative effectiveness treatment studies. METHODS: Virtual and face-to-face discussions and meetings were held within the CNO subgroup of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA). A literature search was conducted, and CARRA membership was surveyed to evaluate available treatment data and identify current treatment practices...
November 7, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080202/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-crmo-presentation-pathogenesis-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Sigrun R Hofmann, Franz Kapplusch, Hermann J Girschick, Henner Morbach, Jessica Pablik, Polly J Ferguson, Christian M Hedrich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) with its most severe form chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder. We summarize the clinical presentation, diagnostic approaches, most recent advances in understanding the pathophysiology, and available treatment options and outcomes in CNO/CRMO. RECENT FINDINGS: Though the exact molecular pathophysiology of CNO/CRMO remains somewhat elusive, it appears likely that variable defects in the TLR4/MAPK/inflammasome signaling cascade result in an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine expressions in monocytes from CNO/CRMO patients...
October 27, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062831/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-a-case-report
#5
Adayellen Cristina Salomé Oliveira, Andrew Raimundo Fernandes da Costa, Ana Maria Magalhães Valle Cundari, Vinícius Bicalho Rodrigues
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare idiopathic inflammatory disease that affects mainly children and young adults. The clinical signs and symptoms are nonspecific, hindering and delaying diagnosis. Radiological and histopathological tests are essential for its definition. A case of CRMO is reported, demonstrating the importance of clinical, laboratory, and radiological data for diagnosis.
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898318/-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#6
Catalina Mesa Muñoz, Sara Elena Cardona Correa, Carlos Garcés Samudio, Jaime Toro Uribe
INTRODUCTION: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a very rare disease, of unknown origin that affects primarily the metaphysis of long bones. It is characterized by an insidious onset of symptoms and multiple remissions. The chronicity of symptoms, the diagnostic imaging and the lack of response to first line antibiotic treatment, should be helpful for diagnostic. OBJECTIVE: Present a clinical case, based on clinical, laboratory, radiologic imaging and histopathological results, that ultimately led to the diagnostic of CRMO...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797395/organizing-pneumonia-in-an-adult-with-chronic-recurrent-noninfectious-osteomyelitis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Tiffany A Winstone, Robert D Levy, Kamran Shojania, Darra Murphy, Andrew Churg, Chris Ryerson
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an idiopathic inflammatory disorder primarily of children and adolescents that is characterized by multifocal nonpyogenic relapsing and remitting inflammatory bone lesions. Pulmonary abnormalities are rarely associated with CRMO, with two reported cases of consolidation on chest CT that occurred in children. We present a case of organizing pneumonia in an adult patient with CRMO. The concurrent worsening of pulmonary and bone disease suggests that CRMO may be a rare cause of organizing pneumonia...
August 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794369/adult-onset-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-with-high-intensity-of-muscles-detected-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-successfully-controlled-with-tocilizumab
#8
Hiroe Sato, Yoko Wada, Eriko Hasegawa, Yukiko Nozawa, Takeshi Nakatsue, Tomoyuki Ito, Takeshi Kuroda, Takako Saeki, Hajime Umezu, Yoshiki Suzuki, Masaaki Nakano, Ichiei Narita
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder that generally occurs in children and predominantly affects the long bones with marginal sclerosis. We herein report two cases of adult-onset CRMO involving the tibial diaphysis bilaterally, accompanied by polyarthritis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed both tibial osteomyelitis and high intensity of the extensive lower leg muscles. Anti-interleukin-6 therapy with tocilizumab (TCZ) effectively controlled symptoms and inflammatory markers in both patients...
September 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686717/correction-recessive-coding-and-regulatory-mutations-in-fblim1-underlie-the-pathogenesis-of-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-crmo
#9
Allison J Cox, Benjamin W Darbro, Ronald M Laxer, Gabriel Velez, Xinyu Bing, Alexis L Finer, Albert Erives, Vinit B Mahajan, Alexander G Bassuk, Polly J Ferguson
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169687.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677513/-a-teenage-girl-with-non-infectious-osteomyelitis
#10
A C Deden, P Hissink Muller, N M Appelman-Dijkstra, H M Kroon, G A Tramper-Stranders
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis is usually caused by an infection. A non-infectious cause should be considered if antibiotic treatment is insufficiently effective and disease is recurrent, multifocal or migrating. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 14-year-old girl, an active volleyball player, developed episodes of fever and pain in her right lower leg. MRI showed osteomyelitis in her right tibia. She received prolonged intravenous antibiotic treatment. Shortly after recovery, she developed osteomyelitis in her left lower leg...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675846/chronic-nonbacterial-osteomyelitis-involving-the-mandible-a-case-report
#11
Gabriele Bocchialini, Luca Ferrari, Manuela Rossini, Anna Bozzola, Dante Burlini
INTRODUCTION: Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) or chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), is a very rare condition of unknown aetiology. It is characterised by focal sterile inflammatory disease with prolonged, self-limiting and recurrent episodes. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the discovery of this very rare disease following a mandibular abscess in a 10-year-old female. We initially focus on the difference between the preoperative orthopantomography and the maxillofacial computed tomography and magnetic resonance images obtained, and then on the improvement of strategies for correct diagnosis and treatment of this disease...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656169/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-in-a-9-year-old-boy
#12
Abdolreza Malek, Mohammadhassan Aelami, Narges Afzali, Ali Parsa, Havva Jalalinia
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare aseptic, auto-inflammatory bone disorder. CRMO presents with bone pain with or without fever. The diagnosis of CRMO is a diagnosis of exclusion and should be included in the differential diagnosis of chronic inflammatory bone lesions in children. Cultures of the bone are typically sterile, antibiotic therapy does not result in clinical improvement whereas anti-inflammatory drugs improve the condition. Furthermore, biopsy should be considered in chronic and relapsing bone pain and swelling unresponsive to treatment...
May 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630846/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-a-case-report-with-atypical-presentation
#13
Miguel Pádua Figueiredo, Marco Pato, Fernando Amaral
INTRODUCTION: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare autoinflammatory condition. The clinical picture consists of sterile osteomyelitis, typically with multiple-site lesions in the metaphysis of long bones and not uncommonly, symmetrical bone involvement. It is a poorly understood entity, whose prognosis, etiology and ideal treatment are still controversial. The authors report a case of unifocal presentation with an atypical location. CASE REPORT: A previously healthy 12-year-old Caucasian girl came to our institution due to progressive pain on her left thigh for the previous 3 months...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587611/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-beginning-with-a-solitary-lesion-of-the-ilium
#14
Ping Zhang, Xiao Ying Jia, Yun Zhang, John Morelli, Ze Kun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an idiopathic inflammatory disease. The initial lesions are typically found in the metaphyses, generally without periosteal reaction. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 14-year-old female teenager with relapsing and remitting right iliac pain. There was no evidence of infectious organisms, neoplastic processes, or hematologic malignancy based on laboratory tests. Initial computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated atypical periosteal proliferation in the right ilium...
June 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461645/treatment-response-and-longterm-outcomes-in-children-with-chronic-nonbacterial-osteomyelitis
#15
Anja Schnabel, Ursula Range, Gabriele Hahn, Reinhard Berner, Christian M Hedrich
OBJECTIVE: The autoinflammatory bone disorder chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) covers a wide clinical spectrum, ranging from mild self-limited presentations to chronically active or recurrent courses, which are then referred to as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO). Little is known about treatment options and longterm outcomes. We investigated treatment responses and outcomes in children with CNO. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted in a tertiary referral center, covering 2004-2015...
July 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401741/oral-alendronate-in-pediatric-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis
#16
Daishi Hirano, Kosuke Chiba, Saya Yamada, Hiroyuki Ida
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) primarily affects children and adolescents, and is characterized by episodic sterile osteomyelitis over several years. No definitive treatment is available. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are common first-line agents, but provide limited improvement in bone pain and do not affect disease duration. Several agents are utilized in the case of non-response to NSAID, including corticosteroids, methotrexate, and tumor necrosis factor-blocking agents...
April 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401420/an-update-on-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Andrea Taddio, Floriana Zennaro, Serena Pastore, Rolando Cimaz
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), also known as chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO), is a rare inflammatory disorder that primarily affects children. It is characterized by pain, local bone expansion, and radiological findings suggestive of osteomyelitis, usually at multiple sites. CRMO predominantly affects the metaphyses of long bones, but involvement of the clavicle or mandible are suggestive of the diagnosis. CRMO is a diagnosis of exclusion, and its pathogenesis remains unknown. Differential diagnosis includes infection, malignancies, benign bone tumors, metabolic disorders, and other autoinflammatory disorders...
June 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361334/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-and-related-diseases-update-on-pathogenesis
#18
REVIEW
Allison J Cox, Yongdong Zhao, Polly J Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We focus on recent advances in the understanding of the genetic, molecular, immunologic, and environmental factors implicated in the pathogenesis of autoinflammatory bone diseases including the syndromic and non-syndromic forms of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO). RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence implicating the IL-1 pathway in the pathogenesis of the Mendelian forms of CRMO is growing. LIPIN2 can regulate the NLRP3 inflammasome by affecting P2X7 receptor activation, and intracellular cholesterol can modulate P2X7R currents...
April 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301468/recessive-coding-and-regulatory-mutations-in-fblim1-underlie-the-pathogenesis-of-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-crmo
#19
Allison J Cox, Benjamin W Darbro, Ronald M Laxer, Gabriel Velez, Xinyu Bing, Alexis L Finer, Albert Erives, Vinit B Mahajan, Alexander G Bassuk, Polly J Ferguson
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare, pediatric, autoinflammatory disease characterized by bone pain due to sterile osteomyelitis, and is often accompanied by psoriasis or inflammatory bowel disease. There are two syndromic forms of CRMO, Majeed syndrome and DIRA, for which the genetic cause is known. However, for the majority of cases of CRMO, the genetic basis is unknown. Via whole-exome sequencing, we detected a homozygous mutation in the filamin-binding domain of FBLIM1 in an affected child with consanguineous parents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860302/clinical-and-genetic-association-radiological-findings-and-response-to-biological-therapy-in-seven-children-from-qatar-with-non-bacterial-osteomyelitis
#20
Taha Moussa, Venkatraman Bhat, Vishwanatha Kini, Basil M Fathalla
AIM: We aim to report the clinical manifestations, genetic testing results, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and biologics used in the management of non-bacterial osteomyelitis in our center. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records. A previously proposed classification was implemented as follows: chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNBO) and acute non-bacterial osteomyelitis. RESULTS: Four females and three males with a median age at presentation of 6 years (6 months-14 years) presented with arthralgia (7/7), back pain (4/7), arthritis (4/7) and bone pain (2/7)...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
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