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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102492/persistent-cognitive-deficits-after-whiplash-injury-a-comparative-study-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-and-healthy-volunteers
#1
Kurt Beeckmans, Cleo Crunelle, Silke Van Ingelgom, Karla Michiels, Eva Dierckx, Patrick Vancoillie, Henri Hauman, Bernard Sabbe
In this study, we evaluated persistent cognitive deficits in whiplash injury (WI) patients and compared these to cognitive functioning in mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) patients and healthy controls (HC). Sixty-one patients suffering from a WI were compared with 57 patients suffering from a MTBI and with 30 HC. They were examined with an extensive neuropsychological test battery assessing attention, memory, and visuospatial and executive functions. In both patient groups, participants showed persistent cognitive symptoms (more than 6 months post-injury)...
January 19, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101747/adolescents-conflict-management-styles-with-mothers-longitudinal-associations-with-parenting-and-reactance
#2
Lies Christine Missotten, Koen Luyckx, Susan Branje, Stijn Van Petegem
Adolescents' conflict management styles with parents are assumed to have an important impact on the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship and on adolescents' psychosocial development. Longitudinal research investigating possible determinants of these conflict management skills is scarce. The parenting context and adolescents' tendency to reject maternal authority are expected to shape adolescents' conflict management styles. Therefore, the present three-wave longitudinal study focuses on how parenting and adolescents' reactance relates to adolescents' conflict management styles and conflict frequency with mothers over time, and whether reactance may also explain the associations between parenting and certain conflict variables...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100440/it-s-about-me-patients-experiences-of-patient-participation-in-the-web-behavior-change-program-for-activity-in-combination-with-multimodal-pain-rehabilitation
#3
Catharina Nordin, Peter Michaelson, Margareta K Eriksson, Gunvor Gard
BACKGROUND: Patients' participation in their health care is recognized as a key component in high-quality health care. Persons with persistent pain are recommended treatments with a cognitive approach from a biopsychosocial explanation of pain, in which a patient's active participation in their rehabilitation is in focus. Web-based interventions for pain management have the potential to increase patient participation by enabling persons to play a more active role in rehabilitation. However, little is known about patients' experiences of patient participation in Web-based interventions in clinical practice...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099526/executive-functioning-in-men-with-schizophrenia-and-substance-use-disorders-influence-of-lifetime-suicide-attempts
#4
Ana Adan, Maria Del Mar Capella, Gemma Prat, Diego A Forero, Silvia López-Vera, José Francisco Navarro
BACKGROUND: Lifetime suicide attempts in patients with comorbidity between psychotic disorders and Substance Use Disorder (SUD), known as dual diagnosis, was associated with a worse clinical and cognitive state, poor prognosis and premature death. However, to date no previous study has examined the cognitive performance of these patients considering as independent the presence or absence of lifetime suicide attempts. METHODS: We explore executive functioning differences between suicide attempters and non-attempters in dual schizophrenia (DS) patients and the possible related factors for both executive performance and current suicide risk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099052/mhealth-intervention-elements-and-user-characteristics-determine-utility-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#5
Lyndsay A Nelson, Shelagh A Mulvaney, Kevin B Johnson, Chandra Y Osborn
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) interventions are improving the medication adherence of adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but few studies examine how users experience these interventions. Therefore, we used a mixed-methods approach to understand how T2DM users experience a text messaging and interactive voice response (IVR)-delivered medication adherence intervention called MEssaging for Diabetes (MED). METHODS: Adults with T2DM used MED as part of a 3-month pilot study...
January 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098085/experience-of-a-faculty-development-workshop-in-mentoring-at-an-indian-medical-college
#6
Jagdish R Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, Suman Singh, Praveen Singh, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Himanshu Pandya
BACKGROUND: Our medical college is running a mentoring programme for undergraduate medical students since 2009. The academic leadership of the college identified the need to change the focus of the programme from mere problem- solving to professional and personal development of mentees. METHODS: A core group of faculty designed and implemented a workshop on mentoring for 28 mentors. The workshop included reflections on the participants' previous experiences about mentoring, discussion on perceptions of mentees about the existing mentoring programme, self-analysis of mentoring skills, overview of the Surrendering, Accepting, Gifting and Extending (SAGE) model and demonstration of effective mentoring skills using role plays and a film...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096869/short-term-psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-neuropsychological-psychosocial-outcomes
#7
Giampaolo Perna, Silvia Daccò, Ferdinando Sacco, Wilma Micieli, Paolo Cavedini, Daniela Caldirola
OBJECTIVE: Our pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of a Short-Term (4 weeks) Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program (S-T PsyRP), without specific cognitive remediation trainings, on the neuropsychological performance and psychosocial functioning of inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Bipolar Disorder (BD). Published studies with similar aims are lacking. METHODS: Fifty-three inpatients with MDD and 27 with BD (type I/II) were included. The S-T PsyRP was usually performed as clinical practice at Villa San Benedetto Menni Hospital and included a variety of activities aimed at promoting personal autonomies, interpersonal/social skills, and self-care...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096747/implementing-a-3d-printing-service-in-a-biomedical-library
#8
Verma Walker
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is opening new opportunities in biomedicine by enabling creative problem solving, faster prototyping of ideas, advances in tissue engineering, and customized patient solutions. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Library purchased a Makerbot Replicator 2 3D printer to give scientists a chance to try out this technology. To launch the service, the library offered training, conducted a survey on service model preferences, and tracked usage and class attendance. 3D printing was very popular, with new lab equipment prototypes being the most common model type...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096066/-happiness-inventors-informing-positive-computing-technologies-through-participatory-design-with-children
#9
Svetlana Yarosh, Stephen Matthew Schueller
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological interventions for children have typically focused on direct adaptations of interventions developed for adults. As the community moves toward designing positive computing technologies to support child well-being, it is important to use a more participatory process that directly engages children's voices. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were, through a participatory design study, to understand children's interpretations of positive psychology concepts, as well as their perspectives on technologies that are best suited to enhance their engagement with practice of well-being skills...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095505/can-early-intervention-improve-maternal-well-being-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Orla Doyle, Liam Delaney, Christine O'Farrelly, Nick Fitzpatrick, Michael Daly
OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the effect of a targeted early childhood intervention program on global and experienced measures of maternal well-being utilizing a randomized controlled trial design. The primary aim of the intervention is to improve children's school readiness skills by working directly with parents to improve their knowledge of child development and parenting behavior. One potential externality of the program is well-being benefits for parents given its direct focus on improving parental coping, self-efficacy, and problem solving skills, as well as generating an indirect effect on parental well-being by targeting child developmental problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094909/integrated-working-for-enhanced-health-care-in-english-nursing-homes
#11
Glenda Cook, Anne McNall, Juliana Thompson, Philip Hodgson, Lynne Shaw, Daniel Cowie
BACKGROUND: The increasingly complex nature of care home residents' health status means that this population requires significant multidisciplinary team input from health services. To address this, a multisector and multiprofessional enhanced healthcare programme was implemented in nursing homes across Gateshead Council in Northern England. STUDY AIMS: To explore the views and experiences of practitioners, social care officers, and carers involved in the enhanced health care in care home programme, in order to develop understanding of the service delivery model and associated workforce needs for the provision of health care to older residents...
January 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094231/improving-efficiency-using-time-driven-activity-based-costing%C3%A2-methodology
#12
Laura C Tibor, Stacy R Schultz, Ronald Menaker, Bradley D Weber, Jay Ness, Paula Smith, Phillip M Young
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to increase efficiency in MR enterography using a time-driven activity-based costing methodology. METHODS: In February 2015, a multidisciplinary team was formed to identify the personnel, equipment, space, and supply costs of providing outpatient MR enterography. The team mapped the current state, completed observations, performed timings, and calculated costs associated with each element of the process. The team used Pareto charts to understand the highest cost and most time-consuming activities, brainstormed opportunities, and assessed impact...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092747/ecological-control-line-a-decade-of-exploration-and-an-innovative-path-of-ecological-land-management-for-megacities-in-china
#13
Wuyang Hong, Chengyun Yang, Liuxin Chen, Fangfang Zhang, Shaoqing Shen, Renzhong Guo
Ecological control line is a system innovation in the field of ecological environment protection in China and it has become as an important strategy of national ecological protection. Ten years have passed since the first ecological control line in Shenzhen was delimited in 2005. This study examines the connotations of ecological control line and the current study status in China and abroad, and then takes a brief description about the delimitation background and existing problems of the ecological control line in Shenzhen...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079649/factors-affecting-the-ability-of-people-with-diabetes-to-avoid-hypoglycemia
#14
Fei-Ling Wu, En-Chang Wu, Yue-Cune Chang, Wen-Yu Hu, Jyuhn-Huarng Juang, Mei Chang Yeh
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is recognized as a limiting factor in diabetes management. Fear of experiencing hypoglycemia may lead to lower quality of life, impaired glycemic control, and emotional distress, all of which impair the ability of patients to self-manage their diabetes effectively. Problem solving is central to diabetes self-management and may help patients achieve effective self-care of their disease. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of people with diabetes to avoid hypoglycemia and to explore associated factors...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078205/reasoning-and-rehabilitation-cognitive-skills-programme-for-mentally-disordered-offenders-predictors-of-outcome
#15
Susan Young, Mrigendra Das, Gisli H Gudjonsson
AIM: To investigate factors predicting treatment completion and treatment outcome of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Mental Health Programme (R&R2MHP) cognitive skills programme for mentally disordered offenders. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data previously obtained from 97 male patients who were sectioned and detained under the United Kingdom Mental Health Act in low, medium and high security hospitals and who had completed R&R2MHP. Predictors of treatment completion included background variables and five outcome measures: Four self-reported measures of violent attitudes, social problem-solving skills, reactive anger and locus of control and an objective measure of behaviour on the ward that was completed by staff...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077139/assessment-of-coping-a-new-french-four-factor-structure-of-the-brief-cope-inventory
#16
Karine Baumstarck, Marine Alessandrini, Zeinab Hamidou, Pascal Auquier, Tanguy Leroy, Laurent Boyer
BACKGROUND: The Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (Brief COPE) inventory is the most usual measure to identify the nature of coping strategies implemented by individuals and explore 14 coping strategies. The availability of a structure with fewer factors rather than the initial 14-factor structure may be of interest for both healthcare professionals and researchers. We report the validation process of a 4-factor structure of the French version of the Brief COPE in a French sample of individuals facing a singular life event, such as cancer, including patients and their caregivers...
January 11, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075708/conflict-resolution-in-chinese-adolescents-friendship-links-with-regulatory-focus-and-friendship-satisfaction
#17
Qin Gao, Ran Bian, Ru-de Liu, Yili He, Tian-Po Oei
It is generally acknowledged that people adopt different resolution strategies when facing conflicts with others. However, the mechanisms of conflict resolution are still unclear and under researched, in particular within the context of Chinese adolescents' same-sex friendship relations. Thus, the present study investigated the mediator role of conflict resolution strategies in the relationship between regulatory foci and friendship satisfaction for the first time. 653 Chinese adolescents completed the regulatory foci, conflict resolution style, and friendship satisfaction measures...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067260/orientation-toward-humans-predicts-cognitive-performance-in-orang-utans
#18
Laura A Damerius, Sofia I F Forss, Zaida K Kosonen, Erik P Willems, Judith M Burkart, Josep Call, Birute M F Galdikas, Katja Liebal, Daniel B M Haun, Carel P van Schaik
Non-human animals sometimes show marked intraspecific variation in their cognitive abilities that may reflect variation in external inputs and experience during the developmental period. We examined variation in exploration and cognitive performance on a problem-solving task in a large sample of captive orang-utans (Pongo abelii &P. pygmaeus, N = 103) that had experienced different rearing and housing conditions during ontogeny, including human exposure. In addition to measuring exploration and cognitive performance, we also conducted a set of assays of the subjects' psychological orientation, including reactions towards an unfamiliar human, summarized in the human orientation index (HOI), and towards novel food and objects...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064028/resilient-empowered-active-living-with-diabetes-real-diabetes-study-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-an-occupation-based-diabetes-management-intervention-for-young-adults
#19
Elizabeth A Pyatak, Kristine Carandang, Cheryl Vigen, Jeanine Blanchard, Paola A Sequeira, Jamie R Wood, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Robin Whittemore, Anne L Peters
OVERVIEW: This paper describes the study protocol used to evaluate the Resilient, Empowered, Active Living with Diabetes (REAL Diabetes) intervention and reports on baseline characteristics of recruited participants. REAL Diabetes is an activity-based intervention designed to address the needs of young adults diagnosed with type 1 (T1D) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) from low socioeconomic status or racial/ethnic minority backgrounds. The REAL intervention incorporates tailored delivery of seven content modules addressing various dimensions of health and well-being as they relate to diabetes, delivered by a licensed occupational therapist...
January 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063394/efficacy-of-psychological-pain-theory-based-cognitive-therapy-in-suicidal-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-pilot-study
#20
Yingmin Zou, Huanhuan Li, Chuan Shi, Yixuan Lin, Hanyu Zhou, Jiaqi Zhang
The present study aimed to explore the effects of psychological pain theory-based cognitive therapy (PPTBCT) on suicide among depressed patients, compared with a control group who received usual psychological care (UPC). The sample consisted of 32 depressed patients and 32 healthy control subjects. All participants completed the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSI), Beck Depression Inventory, Three-Dimensional Psychological Pain Scale (TDPPS), and Problem Solving Inventory(PSI), and Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ)...
December 31, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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