keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Problem-solving

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156247/humor-doesn-t-retire-improvisation-as-a-health-promoting-intervention-for-older-adults
#2
Lucy A Morse, Linda Xiong, Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, Seltzer Anne, Becca Barish, Lee A Lindquist
As our population ages and aging in place continues to remain a priority of older adults, identifying novel ways to promote the wellbeing of older adults and reduce isolation is of the utmost importance. The Second City is a Chicago-based comedy improvisation organization that provides training in improvisation. One of their training courses, Humor Doesn't Retire, specifically teaches adults 55 and over, on improvisation. This study sought to explore the experiences of older adults enrolled in Humor Doesn't Retire, and to characterize any benefits that older adult participants perceived following participation in the comedy improvisation course...
October 28, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154509/technology-assisted-rehabilitation-interventions-following-pediatric-brain-injury
#3
Shari L Wade, Megan E Narad, Emily L Shultz, Brad G Kurowski, Aimee E Miley, Jessica M Aguilar, Anna-Lynne R Adlam
INTRODUCTION: Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), children experience a variety of physical, motor, speech, and cognitive deficits that can have a long-term detrimental impact. The emergence and popularity of new technologies has led to research into the development of various apps, gaming systems, websites, and robotics that might be applied to rehabilitation. The objective of this narrative review was to describe the current literature technologically-assisted interventions for the rehabilitation of motor, neurocognitive, behavioral, and family impairments following pediatric TBI...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151662/associations-between-economic-pressure-and-diabetes-efficacy-in-couples-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Joshua R Novak, Jared R Anderson, Matthew D Johnson, Ann Walker, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L Lewis, David C Robbins
Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore dyadic associations between economic pressure and diabetes self-efficacy via emotional distress in patients with type 2 diabetes and their partners. Background: Understanding how economic pressure is associated with successful diabetes management is an important area for research, as couples with type 2 diabetes can incur heavy economic pressures that could likely influence diabetes outcomes. Method: Data from 117 married couples were used to test actor-partner associations using moderated mediation analyses in a structural equation modeling framework...
April 2017: Family Relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151387/affective-family-interactions-and-their-associations-with-adolescent-depression-a-dynamic-network-approach
#5
Nadja Bodner, Peter Kuppens, Nicholas B Allen, Lisa B Sheeber, Eva Ceulemans
The prevalence of depression rises steeply during adolescence. Family processes have been identified as one of the important factors that contribute to affect (dys)regulation during adolescence. In this study, we explored the affect expressed by mothers, fathers, and adolescents during a problem-solving interaction and investigated whether the patterns of the affective interactions differed between families with depressed adolescents and families with nondepressed adolescents. A network approach was used to depict the frequencies of different affects, concurrent expressions of affect, and the temporal sequencing of affective behaviors among family members...
November 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148607/the-art-of-oral-handovers-a-participant-observational-study-by-undergraduate-students-in-a-hospital-setting
#6
Tove Giske, Sunniva Nese Melås, Kari Anne Einarsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study explores the conditions for oral handovers between shifts in a hospital setting, and how these impact patient safety and quality of care. BACKGROUND: Oral handovers transfer patient information and nursing responsibilities between shifts. Short written summaries of patients can complement an oral handover. How to find the balance between a standardised protocol for handovers and tailoring variations to specific patients and situations is debated in the literature...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147822/psychiatric-sequelae-of-concussions
#7
REVIEW
David A Brent, Jeffrey Max
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review the frequency, risk factors, phenomenology, and course of prolonged recovery from concussion and of psychiatric sequelae in pediatric populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Youth with prolonged recovery from concussions have higher initial symptoms, a history of multiple and/or recent concussions, and a tendency to somatization. Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, behavioral disorders, and perhaps, suicidal behavior disorder are more common as both short- and longer-term sequelae of concussions...
November 17, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147562/cognitive-computing-and-escience-in-health-and-life-science-research-artificial-intelligence-and-obesity-intervention-programs
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Marshall, Tiffiany Champagne-Langabeer, Darla Castelli, Deanna Hoelscher
Objective: To present research models based on artificial intelligence and discuss the concept of cognitive computing and eScience as disruptive factors in health and life science research methodologies. Methods: The paper identifies big data as a catalyst to innovation and the development of artificial intelligence, presents a framework for computer-supported human problem solving and describes a transformation of research support models. This framework includes traditional computer support; federated cognition using machine learning and cognitive agents to augment human intelligence; and a semi-autonomous/autonomous cognitive model, based on deep machine learning, which supports eScience...
December 2017: Health Information Science and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147036/measuring-arithmetic-a-psychometric-approach-to-understanding-formatting-effects-and-domain-specificity
#9
Katherine T Rhodes, Lee Branum-Martin, Julie A Washington, Lynn S Fuchs
Using multitrait, multimethod data, and confirmatory factor analysis, the current study examined the effects of arithmetic item formatting and the possibility that across formats, abilities other than arithmetic may contribute to children's answers. Measurement hypotheses were guided by several leading theories of arithmetic cognition. With a sample of 1314 3rd grade students (age M=103.24 months, SD=5.41 months), Abstract Code Theory, Encoding Complex Theory, Triple Code Theory, and the Exact versus Approximate Calculations Hypothesis were evaluated, using 11 measures of arithmetic with symbolic problem formats (e...
October 2017: Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145858/cognitive-appraisal-of-exposure-to-specific-types-of-trauma-a-study-of-gender-differences
#10
Dana-Cristina Herta, Bogdan Nemes, Doina Cozman
BACKGROUND: The role of gender in posttraumatic cognitions has increasingly been approached. The current study comparatively evaluates posttraumatic cognitions in men and women exposed to specific nonsexual trauma (motor vehicle accidents, work - related accidents, burns). METHODS: Posttraumatic cognitions and posttraumatic stress symptoms were comparatively assessed in 53 men and 37 women treated in 3 Romanian primary care units after specific accidental trauma...
November 16, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144535/a-health-economic-outcome-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-mobile-supported-stress-management-intervention-for-employees
#11
David Daniel Ebert, Fanny Kählke, Claudia Buntrock, Matthias Berking, Filip Smit, Elena Heber, Harald Baumeister, Burkhardt Funk, Heleen Riper, Dirk Lehr
Objective This study aimed to estimate and evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of a guided internet- and mobile-supported occupational stress-management intervention (iSMI) for employees from the employer's perspective alongside a randomized controlled trial. Methods A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was randomly assigned either to the iSMI or a waitlist control (WLC) group with unrestricted access to treatment as usual. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions of problem-solving and emotion-regulation techniques and one booster session...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141642/doing-implementation-research-on-health-governance-a-frontline-researcher-s-reflexive-account-of-field-level-challenges-and-their-management
#12
Gupteswar Patel, Surekha Garimella, Kerry Scott, Shinjini Mondal, Asha George, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Implementation Research (IR) in and around health systems comes with unique challenges for researchers including implementation, multi-layer governance, and ethical issues. Partnerships between researchers, implementers, policy makers and community members are central to IR and come with additional challenges. In this paper, we elaborate on the challenges faced by frontline field researchers, drawing from experience with an IR study on Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140499/simple-arithmetic-not-so-simple-for-highly-math-anxious-individuals
#13
Hyesang Chang, Lisa Sprute, Erin A Maloney, Sian L Beilock, Marc G Berman
Fluency with simple arithmetic, typically achieved in early elementary school, is thought to be one of the building blocks of mathematical competence. Behavioral studies with adults indicate that math anxiety (feelings of tension or apprehension about math) is associated with poor performance on cognitively demanding math problems. However, it remains unclear whether there are fundamental differences in how high and low math anxious individuals approach overlearned simple arithmetic problems that are less reliant on cognitive control...
November 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139114/operation-family-caregiver-problem-solving-training-for-military-caregivers-in-a-community-setting
#14
Leisa R Easom, Ke Wang, Renee H Moore, Heqiong Wang, Laura Bauer
OBJECTIVE: This study, conducted over a 2-year period at 9 sites, describes the outcomes of an evidence-based support program, Operation Family Caregiver, to gain an understanding of how a tailored, problem-solving training could assist military caregivers, who provide care and assistance to those injured, ill, or disabled as a result of war. METHOD: A pre-post research design was employed to examine caregiver burden, depression, health complaints, satisfaction with life, children's anxiety, and problem solving among a convenience sample of caregivers of 128 military service members and veterans...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137656/how-brunei-trainee-teachers-cope-with-distress-counseling-implications
#15
Lawrence Mundia
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the strategies used by student teachers when dealing with distress during training. Specifically, this study addressed the following research goals: (1) identify Ways of Coping that predict achievement on a quantitative reasoning test; (2) determine participants' coping differences per sex, age, and ability in quantitative reasoning; and (3) reveal coping strategies that work best for each and both sexes in fostering academic achievement in quantitative reasoning...
November 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134666/children-s-understanding-of-multiplication-and-division-insights-from-a-pooled-analysis-of-seven-studies-conducted-across-7%C3%A2-years
#16
Adam K Dubé, Katherine M Robinson
Research suggests that children's conceptual understanding of multiplication and division is weak and that it remains poor well into the later elementary school years. Further, children's understanding of fundamental concepts such as inversion and associativity does not improve as they progress from grades 6 to 8. Instead, some children simply possess strong understanding while others do not. Other studies have identified an increase across these grades. The present investigation analyses data from seven studies of Grade 6 (n = 226), Grade 7 (n = 221), and Grade 8 (n = 216) children's three-term problem-solving (e...
November 14, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129715/reducing-barriers-to-healthy-weight-planned-and-responsive-adaptations-to-a-lifestyle-intervention-to-serve-people-with-impaired-mobility
#17
Andrea C Betts, Katherine Froehlich-Grobe, Simon Driver, Danielle Carlton, M Kaye Kramer
BACKGROUND: People with impaired mobility (IM) disabilities have a higher prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic conditions; however, lifestyle interventions that address the unique needs of people with IM are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes an adapted evidence-based lifestyle intervention developed through community-based participatory research (CBPR). METHODS: Individuals with IM, health professionals, disability group representatives, and researchers formed an advisory board to guide the process of thoroughly adapting the Diabetes Prevention Program Group Lifestyle Balance (DPP GLB) intervention after a successful pilot in people with IM...
October 27, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129671/the-semantic-system-is-involved-in-mathematical-problem-solving
#18
Xinlin Zhou, Mengyi Li, Leinian Li, Yiyun Zhang, Jiaxin Cui, Jie Liu, Chuansheng Chen
Numerous studies have shown that the brain regions around bilateral intraparietal cortex are critical for number processing and arithmetical computation. However, the neural circuits for more advanced mathematics such as mathematical problem solving (with little routine arithmetical computation) remain unclear. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), this study (N = 24 undergraduate students) compared neural bases of mathematical problem solving (i.e., number series completion, mathematical word problem solving, and geometric problem solving) and arithmetical computation...
November 10, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129594/are-resting-state-spectral-power-measures-related-to-executive-functions-in-healthy-young-adults
#19
Shirley Gordon, Doron Todder, Inbal Deutsch, Dror Garbi, Nir Getter, Nachshon Meiran
Resting-state electroencephalogram (rsEEG) has been found to be associated with psychopathology, intelligence, problem solving, academic performance and is sometimes used as a supportive physiological indicator of enhancement in cognitive training interventions (e.g. neurofeedback, working memory training). In the current study, we measured rsEEG spectral power measures (relative power, between-band ratios and asymmetry) in one hundred sixty five young adults who were also tested on a battery of executive function (EF)...
November 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128993/pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-cross-sectional-imaging-techniques
#20
Naveen M Kulkarni, David M Hough, Parag P Tolat, Erik V Soloff, Avinash R Kambadakone
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a common malignancy that has a poor prognosis. Imaging is vital in its detection, staging, and management. Although a variety of imaging techniques are available, MDCT is the preferred imaging modality for staging and assessing the resectability of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. MR also has an important adjunct role, and may be used in addition to CT or as a problem-solving tool. A dedicated pancreatic protocol should be acquired as a biphasic technique optimized for the detection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma and to allow accurate local and distant disease staging...
November 11, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
keyword
keyword
34666
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"