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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234853/invited-commentary-outcome-of-in-situ-septoplasty-and-extracorporeal-subtotal-septal-reconstruction-in-crooked-noses-a-randomized-self-controlled-study
#1
Wolfgang Gubisch
Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .
December 12, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233897/phylogenetics-of-a-fungal-invasion-origins-and-widespread-dispersal-of-white-nose-syndrome
#2
Kevin P Drees, Jeffrey M Lorch, Sebastien J Puechmaille, Katy L Parise, Gudrun Wibbelt, Joseph R Hoyt, Keping Sun, Ariunbold Jargalsaikhan, Munkhnast Dalannast, Jonathan M Palmer, Daniel L Lindner, A Marm Kilpatrick, Talima Pearson, Paul S Keim, David S Blehert, Jeffrey T Foster
Globalization has facilitated the worldwide movement and introduction of pathogens, but epizoological reconstructions of these invasions are often hindered by limited sampling and insufficient genetic resolution among isolates. Pseudogymnoascus destructans, a fungal pathogen causing the epizootic of white-nose syndrome in North American bats, has exhibited few genetic polymorphisms in previous studies, presenting challenges for both epizoological tracking of the spread of this fungus and for determining its evolutionary history...
December 12, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230869/microvascular-replantation-of-a-composite-facial-avulsion-in-a-24-month-old-child-after-dog-bite
#3
David Macias, Daniel I Kwon, Paul C Walker, Nathaniel R Peterson
Dog bite injuries are common sources of morbidity with an estimated incidence of 4.5 million bites per year with over 350,000 requiring treatment in the emergency room. Children under the age of 14 are most likely to be affected with a peak age of 5-9 years old. We report a case of a 24-month-old female who sustained a large composite facial avulsion injury from a pit bull dog bite. The avulsed tissue involved a substantial portion of the patient's mid-face, including the entire soft tissue of the nose, upper lip, part of the left cheek, and left oral commissure...
December 12, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229134/animal-models-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-simulation-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Aline Yen Ling Wang, Vincent Tze Yang Tiong, Thanassi Athanassopoulos, Meiling Loh, Philip Lim, Huang-Kai Kao
BACKGROUND: The use of live and cadaveric animal models in surgical training is well established as a means of teaching and improving surgical skill in a controlled setting. We aim to review, evaluate, and summarize the models published in the literature that are applicable to Plastic Surgery training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search for keywords relating to animal models in Plastic Surgery and the associated procedures was conducted. Animal models that had cross over between specialties such as microsurgery with Neurosurgery and pinnaplasty with ear, nose, and throat surgery were included as they were deemed to be relevant to our training curriculum...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218292/primary-one-stage-reconstruction-in-complex-facial-avulsion-injury
#5
Abhishek Ghosh
Complex facial injuries with soft tissue degloving and bony avulsion are very devastating to the patient. Partial degloving injuries are described but hemifacial degloving with zygoma avulsion are rare. The author presents a case of post-traumatic degloving of the left upper lip, nose, part of forehead, upper and lower eyelids and cheek with avulsion of the left zygoma. The management included immediate resuscitation and early surgery to reposition the skeletal as well as soft tissue avulsion. The wound was thoroughly washed and primary repositioning and fixation were done...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218287/use-of-forehead-flap-for-nasal-tip-reconstruction-after-traumatic-nasal-amputation
#6
Mohamad Ahmadi Moghadam, Shokofeh Ahmadi Moghadam
Nose is one of the most important aesthetic unit of the face.Management of nasal trauma plays a significant role in the practices of the majority of facial and reconstructive surgeons. Replantation, although technically very challenging, is undoubtedly the procedure of choice following traumatic nasal amputation. Here we present an illustrative case report of the traumatic amputation of a nasal tip that was treated successfully with a paramedian forehead flap and further nasal reconstructive surgery. Use of the forehead flap was performed five hours after the occurrence of trauma and was followed by surgical repair about three weeks later...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194721/initial-experiences-with-nam-assisted-primary-repair-of-the-bclp-deformity
#7
Sabarinath Prasad, Sreeja Ravindran, Vasanth Radhakrishnan, P V Hazarey, Amit Vanka, Bhavya Rajan
BACKGROUND: Primary surgical repair of the bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) deformity is challenging. Infant Orthopedic (IO) procedures are often used to assist surgical reconstruction of normal anatomy. Nasoalveolar molding (NAM) is a presurgical infant orthopedic procedure that attempts to reduce the cleft nasal deformity, in addition to the lip and alveolus, leading to an esthetic primary surgical repair. OBJECTIVE: NAM provides the surgical team with a better foundation for an easier and more esthetic single stage repair at the level of nose in addition to the lip and alveolus...
December 1, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175036/evaluation-of-postoperative-patient-satisfaction-after-covering-the-nasal-dorsum-with-upper-lateral-cartilage-upper-lateral-closing
#8
Can Alper Çağıcı
INTRODUCTION: Following nasal hump removal during septorhinoplasty, the middle vault should be reconstructed to avoid functional and esthetic problems. Middle vault reconstruction, however, may result in widening of the middle vault and may need a camouflage graft to cover dorsal irregularities. OBJECTIVE: To present the results of reconstructing the middle vault with a technique that covers the nasal dorsum with upper lateral cartilage, from the viewpoint of patient satisfaction...
November 16, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174553/primary-aesthetic-correction-of-nasal-anomaly-with-costal-graft-in-treating-orbital-hypertelorism
#9
Dong Li, Haoli Mao, Zheyuan Yu, Liang Xu, Jie Yuan, Min Wei
Orbital hypertelorism is a common congenital craniofacial anomaly in Asians. As Tessier pointed out, the correction of hypertelorism is effectively the correction of the nasal deformity, which is characterized by a broad, flat nose accompanying an increased interorbital distance and a lack of nasal projection. OBJECTIVES: To measure the changes in the orbital and nasal parameters after Tessier box osteotomy and primary aesthetic rhinoplasty, performed concurrently with otogenous costochondral graft...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149246/asian-cleft-rhinoplasty-the-open-structural-approach
#10
Chin-Ho Wong, Rollin K Daniel, Seng-Teik Lee
Background: Asian cleft rhinoplasty is a unique procedure with specific challenges. Objectives: This paper presents our experience with the use of an open structural technique for Asian cleft rhinoplasty utilizing a complete autologous approach. Methods: An open approach that reconstructs the malpositioned nasal cartilage was utilized. Centrally, the septocolumella graft fixed securely in the midline with extender spreader grafts was utilized to project and lengthen the nose...
November 15, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140386/retrospective-study-of-survival-of-extraoral-endosseous-craniofacial-implants-in-head-and-neck-surgery-patients
#11
Brent J Woods, Arun Chandu
PURPOSE: To determine the survival rate of implants placed in different craniofacial locations and factors affecting survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of patients treated at the Royal Melbourne Hospital who received craniofacial implants for an array of benign and malignant conditions. Implant survival per site and cumulative survival were determined. Surgical and implant variables were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier and Cox Proportional Hazards Models...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130230/-protective-measures-in-laparoscopic-resection-for-upper-or-mid-rectal-cancer-and-sigmoid-colon-cancer-with-transrectal-specimen-extraction-surgery
#12
Chuangang Fu, Zhuqing Zhou, Junyi Han, Bin Lu, Wei Gao, Zhe Zhu, Qixin Jiang, Fang Ji, Tao Du
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the use of a self-made specimen protective sleeve in laparoscopic resection for upper or mid rectal cancer and sigmoid colon cancer with transrectal specimen extraction surgery and the improvement of implantation method, so as to avoid and reduce bacterial contamination and tumor cell dissemination in abdominal cavity. METHODS: During June 2015 and May 2017, 48 cases of high located rectal or sigmoid colon cancer were operated laparoscopically with natural orifices specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) using a self-made specimen protecting sleeve...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097022/three-stage-folded-forehead-flap-for-nasal-reconstruction-objective-and-subjective-measurements-of-aesthetic-and-functional-outcomes
#13
Warren Noel, Jean-Brice Duron, Samer Jabbour, Marc Revol, Sarra Mazouz-Dorval
BACKGROUND: The three-stage folded forehead flap (FFF) proved to be a simple and readily available method of lining replacement. To date, no clinical trial has evaluated the outcomes of the FFF on the nose shape and function. METHODS: Patients undergoing a full-thickness unilateral alar reconstruction with a forehead flap between January of 2010 and December of 2015 were included for analysis. Patients were divided into two groups: The FFF group included patients that had a unilateral alar reconstruction using a three-stage FFF; the standard forehead flap (SFF) group included patients that had a reconstruction using a two-stage forehead flap in combination with another method for lining reconstruction...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072661/-the-application-of-the-computer-technologies-for-the-mathematical-simulation-of-the-ethmoidal-labyrinth
#14
M V Markeeva, O V Mareev, V N Nikolenko, G O Mareev, T V Danilova, E A Fadeeva, R V Fedorov
The objective of the present work was to study the relationship between the dimensions of the ethmoidal labyrinth and the skull in the subjects differing in the nose shape by means of the factorial and correlation analysis with the application of the modern computer-assisted methods for the three-dimensional reconstruction of the skull. We developed an original method for computed craniometry with the use the original program that made it possible to determine the standard intravital craniometrics characteristics of the human skull with a high degree of accuracy based on the results of analysis of 200 computed tomograms of the head...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056236/the-superiorly-based-bilobed-flap-for-nasal-reconstruction
#15
Michael Kelly-Sell, S Tyler Hollmig, Joel Cook
BACKGROUND: The laterally based bilobed flap is commonly used for the reconstruction of small- to medium-sized defects of the distal portion of the nose; However, when this flap is used to repair defects that are larger, more cephalic, or more lateral on the nose, there is a risk for lower nasal distortion. Reorienting the base superiorly preserves the advantages of the traditional design while minimizing this risk. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the design, execution, and efficacy of the superiorly based bilobed flap...
October 19, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031526/the-temporal-artery-island-flap-a-good-reconstructive-option-for-small-to-medium-sized-facial-defects
#16
Said Algan, Murat Kara, Hakan Cinal, Ensar Zafer Barin, Akin Inaloz, Onder Tan
PURPOSE: The reconstruction of facial defects is esthetically vital because of the unique skin color and texture of the face. The aim of this study was to show the utility of different temporal artery island flap designs for the reconstruction of upper and middle facial defects without contrast to the color and texture of the face. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective case series conducted from November 2004 through May 2015. Patients older than 18 years with upper and middle facial defects smaller than 5 cm were included...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026961/outcome-of-in-situ-septoplasty-and-extracorporeal-subtotal-septal-reconstruction-in-crooked-noses-a-randomized-self-controlled-study
#17
Sercan Gode, Murat Benzer, Mustafa Uslu, Isa Kaya, Rasit Midilli, Bulent Karci
IMPORTANCE: Severe dorsal deviations in crooked noses are treated by either in situ septoplasty with asymmetric spreader grafts (ISS) or extracorporeal subtotal septal reconstruction (ECS). To our knowledge, except one retrospective study, there is no other that compares the objective and subjective results of these two treatment modalities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the aesthetic and functional outcomes of ECS and ISS in crooked noses. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This study was carried out on 40 patients (ISS in 20 patients and ECS in 20 patients) who underwent external rhinoplasty surgery due to crooked noses between May 2014 and January 2016...
October 12, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026816/aesthetic-refinements-in-forehead-flap-reconstruction-of-the-asian-nose
#18
Yen-Chang Hsiao, Chun-Shin Chang, Jonathan Zelken
BACKGROUND: Traditional paramedian forehead flap reconstruction exploits the aesthetic subunit principle. Refinements and outcomes of forehead flap nasal reconstruction largely reflect Western experience. Differences in ethnic Asian anatomy and wound healing may foster suboptimal outcomes. We modified methods to address Asian features by extending subunit and flap boundaries, minimizing flap thinning, and overbuilding the nasal framework to combat contraction and suboptimal scarring. METHODS: Between November 2010 and September 2015, 40 Asians were treated for nasal reconstruction with a modified forehead flap technique...
May 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023290/fascial-graft-repair-of-wide-bilateral-cleft-lip-deformity
#19
Husam Hosny, Ayman Husein Abdelsattar
Wide bilateral cleft lip deformity reconstruction represents a special difficulty as it affects the lip, nose, and maxillary segments making single-stage reconstruction sometimes unobtainable. Many surgical and nonsurgical techniques have been prescribed to facilitate the definitive repair. Although some of these techniques proved to be useful, they have their inherent limitations and add another treatment step with all its possible complications and costs. The authors present a new method to address muscle layer repair in 1-stage procedure...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991154/self-taught-learning-based-on-sparse-autoencoder-for-e-nose-in-wound-infection-detection
#20
Peilin He, Pengfei Jia, Siqi Qiao, Shukai Duan
For an electronic nose (E-nose) in wound infection distinguishing, traditional learning methods have always needed large quantities of labeled wound infection samples, which are both limited and expensive; thus, we introduce self-taught learning combined with sparse autoencoder and radial basis function (RBF) into the field. Self-taught learning is a kind of transfer learning that can transfer knowledge from other fields to target fields, can solve such problems that labeled data (target fields) and unlabeled data (other fields) do not share the same class labels, even if they are from entirely different distribution...
October 7, 2017: Sensors
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