Read by QxMD icon Read

eye reconstruction

Jung-Un Kim, Hang-Bong Kang
In object detection systems for autonomous driving, LIDAR sensors provide very useful information. However, problems occur because the object representation is greatly distorted by changes in distance. To solve this problem, we propose a LIDAR shape set that reconstructs the shape surrounding the object more clearly by using the LIDAR point information projected on the object. The LIDAR shape set restores object shape edges from a bird's eye view by filtering LIDAR points projected on a 2D pixel-based front view...
March 16, 2018: Sensors
Long Chen, Wen Tang, Nigel W John, Tao Ruan Wan, Jian Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) offers considerable benefits to patients, it also imposes big challenges on a surgeon's performance due to well-known issues and restrictions associated with the field of view (FOV), hand-eye misalignment and disorientation, as well as the lack of stereoscopic depth perception in monocular endoscopy. Augmented Reality (AR) technology can help to overcome these limitations by augmenting the real scene with annotations, labels, tumour measurements or even a 3D reconstruction of anatomy structures at the target surgical locations...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Minah Han, Byeongjoon Kim, Jongduk Baek
We investigate the detectability of breast cone beam computed tomography images using human and model observers and the variations of exponent, β, of the inverse power-law spectrum for various reconstruction filters and interpolation methods in the Feldkamp-Davis-Kress (FDK) reconstruction. Using computer simulation, a breast volume with a 50% volume glandular fraction and a 2mm diameter lesion are generated and projection data are acquired. In the FDK reconstruction, projection data are apodized using one of three reconstruction filters; Hanning, Shepp-Logan, or Ram-Lak, and back-projection is performed with and without Fourier interpolation...
2018: PloS One
Morteza Modarresi Asem, Iman Sheikh Oveisi, Mona Janbozorgi
Retinal blood vessels indicate some serious health ramifications, such as cardiovascular disease and stroke. Thanks to modern imaging technology, high-resolution images provide detailed information to help analyze retinal vascular features before symptoms associated with such conditions fully develop. Additionally, these retinal images can be used by ophthalmologists to facilitate diagnosis and the procedures of eye surgery. A fuzzy noise reduction algorithm was employed to enhance color images corrupted by Gaussian noise...
July 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Sidong Wu, Gexiang Zhang, Tao Jiang, Ming Zhu, Kechang Fu, Haina Rong, Kaiyi Xian, Hui Song, Klaus-Dieter Kuhnert
The artificial compound eye is a new type of camera that has miniature volume and large field of view (FOV), while the captured image is an array of sub-images, and each sub-image captures a part of the full FOV. To obtain a complete image with a full FOV, reconstruction is needed. Due to the parallax between adjacent sub-images, the reconstruction of images is depth related. In this paper, to address the image reconstruction of a specific artificial compound eye-eCley-a cross image belief propagation method is proposed to estimate the depth map...
March 1, 2018: Applied Optics
Tobias Röck, Karl Ulrich Bartz-Schmidt, Johanna Landenberger, Matthias Bramkamp, Daniel Röck
BACKGROUND The goal of this study was to investigate numbers, indications, surgical techniques, and experiences of amniotic membrane transplantation at the University Eye Hospital Tübingen over the last 16 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data from all amniotic membrane transplantations from January 2001 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Data was accessed from the electronic database and the annual reports of the Eye Bank at the University Eye Hospital Tübingen. RESULTS A total of 771 amniotic membrane transplantations were performed between 2001 and 2016 at the University Eye Hospital Tübingen...
March 6, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Shanzhi Xu, Hai Hu, Linhong Ji, Peng Wang
The recorded electroencephalography (EEG) signal is often contaminated with different kinds of artifacts and noise. Singular spectrum analysis (SSA) is a powerful tool for extracting the brain rhythm from a noisy EEG signal. By analyzing the frequency characteristics of the reconstructed component (RC) and the change rate in the trace of the Toeplitz matrix, it is demonstrated that the embedding dimension is related to the frequency bandwidth of each reconstructed component, in consistence with the component mixing in the singular value decomposition step...
February 26, 2018: Sensors
Gabriella Tamburro, Patrique Fiedler, David Stone, Jens Haueisen, Silvia Comani
Background: EEG may be affected by artefacts hindering the analysis of brain signals. Data-driven methods like independent component analysis (ICA) are successful approaches to remove artefacts from the EEG. However, the ICA-based methods developed so far are often affected by limitations, such as: the need for visual inspection of the separated independent components (subjectivity problem) and, in some cases, for the independent and simultaneous recording of the inspected artefacts to identify the artefactual independent components; a potentially heavy manipulation of the EEG signals; the use of linear classification methods; the use of simulated artefacts to validate the methods; no testing in dry electrode or high-density EEG datasets; applications limited to specific conditions and electrode layouts...
2018: PeerJ
Louise O'Leary, Andrew Specht, Natalie Isaza, Maria Kallberg, Kathleen Barrie, Deborah Cottrell, Caryn Plummer
An approximately 2-year-old female Doberman Pinscher was referred for the evaluation of bilateral, chronic proliferative conjunctivitis. Ophthalmic examination revealed bilateral thick, opaque pseudomembranes originating from the conjunctivae that prevented visualization of the cornea and interior structures of the eye. Histopathological findings of biopsies of the pseudomembranes were consistent with ligneous conjunctivitis. Serum plasminogen activity levels were within the normal range. Treatment with topical and systemic anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs did not improve the conjunctival lesions...
February 26, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Lawrence Z Cai, John A M Paro, Gordon K Lee, Rahim S Nazerali
BACKGROUND: Aesthetics plays a large role in determining a successful outcome in plastic and reconstructive surgery. As such, understanding perceptions of favorable aesthetics is crucial for optimizing patient satisfaction. Eye-tracking technology offers an unbiased way of measuring how viewers evaluate breast reconstructions. METHODS: Twenty-nine raters with varied plastic surgery experience were shown 20 images of breast reconstruction at various stages. Breasts were divided into those with nipples and no reconstruction scars, those with nipples and reconstruction scars, and those with reconstruction scars and no nipples...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Raul Martin
Current corneal assessment technologies make the process of corneal evaluation extremely fast and simple and several devices and technologies allow to explore and to manage patients. The purpose of this special issue is to present and also to update in the evaluation of cornea and ocular surface and this second part, reviews a description of the corneal topography and tomography techniques, providing updated information of the clinical recommendations of these techniques in eye care practice. Placido-based topographers started an exciting anterior corneal surface analysis that allows the development of current corneal tomographers that provide a full three-dimensional reconstruction of the cornea including elevation, curvature, and pachymetry data of anterior and posterior corneal surfaces...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Marco Fuscà, Philipp Ruhnau, Toralf Neuling, Nathan Weisz
Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) has been proposed as a tool to draw causal inferences on the role of oscillatory activity in cognitive functioning and has the potential to induce long-term changes in cerebral networks. However, effectiveness of tACS underlies high variability and dependencies, which, as previous modeling works have suggested, may be mediated by local and network-level brain states. We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to record brain activity from 17 healthy participants at rest as they kept their eyes open (EO) or closed (EC) while being stimulated either with sham, weak, or strong alpha-tACS using a montage commonly assumed to target occipital areas...
February 24, 2018: Brain Connectivity
Mali Liu, Chihao Lu, Haifeng Li, Xu Liu
We propose a bifocal computational near eye light field display (bifocal computational display) and structure parameters determination scheme (SPDS) for bifocal computational display that achieves greater depth of field (DOF), high resolution, accommodation and compact form factor. Using a liquid varifocal lens, two single-focal computational light fields are superimposed to reconstruct a virtual object's light field by time multiplex and avoid the limitation on high refresh rate. By minimizing the deviation between reconstructed light field and original light field, we propose a determination framework to determine the structure parameters of bifocal computational light field display...
February 19, 2018: Optics Express
Kyung Yuk Ko, MiHye Hong, Tae Sung Kim, Ki Taek Nam, GaYoung Lee, Jung-Sun Yi, Il Young Ahn, Joo Hwan Kim, Jong Kwon Lee
INTRODUCTION: A variety of in vitro tests to replace the Draize test have been developed; however, there is no available method for assessing the full spectrum of Globally Harmonized System (GHS) categories. Human cornea-like three-dimensional (3D) reconstructed tissue models are the most promising in vitro systems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ocular toxicity of 11 test substances using the EpiOcular™ model after performing proficiency tests. We further evaluated the effectiveness of ezrin staining as a complementary marker in histological analysis to overcome the limitation of eye irritation tests using 3D reconstructed human corneal epithelium models...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Teesha C Luehr, Emily M Koide, Xiaodong Wang, Jun Han, Christoph H Borchers, Caren C Helbing
Anuran metamorphosis involves the transformation of an aquatic tadpole into a juvenile frog. This process is completely dependent upon thyroid hormones (THs). Although much research has been focused on changes in gene expression programs during this postembryonic developmental period, transitions in the metabolic profiles are relatively poorly understood. Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MALDI-MSI) is a technique that generates highly multiplexed mass spectra while retaining spatial location information on a thin tissue section...
February 19, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Carolina P B Gracitelli, Linda M Zangwill, Alberto Diniz-Filho, Ricardo Y Abe, Christopher A Girkin, Robert N Weinreb, Jeffrey M Liebmann, Felipe A Medeiros
Importance: Individuals of African descent have been reported to be at higher risk for becoming visually impaired from glaucoma compared with individuals of European descent. Objective: To investigate racial differences in longitudinal visual field variability and their impact on time to detect visual field progression. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter prospective observational cohort study included 236 eyes of 173 individuals of European descent and 235 eyes of 171 individuals of African descent followed up for a mean (SD) time of 7...
February 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Kyung Eun Han, Sangchul Yoon, Roo Min Jun, Tae-Im Kim, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo
PURPOSE: To report a new surgical procedure using biodegradable collagen matrix (Ologen) implantation with conjunctival flap for reconstruction of scleromalacia after periocular surgery. METHODS: A total of 26 areas of 25 eyes in 25 patients were included. We divided all eyes according to the preoperative extent of calcified plaque or scleral defect as follows: small, large, and large and severe. Morphologic outcomes were graded from 0 to 7, with higher scores indicating worse cosmetic outcomes...
February 8, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Ahmed S Abdelmeguid
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a comprehensive review of the literature focusing on the recent advances in the diagnosis and management of olfactory neuroblastoma. RECENT FINDINGS: Multimodality treatment is usually recommended for the majority of ONB cases. Recent advances in surgical approaches include the evolving role of endonasal endoscopic surgical resection and reconstruction. The introduction of new conformal radiation techniques has improved the outcomes and reduced treatment-related toxicity to important structures such as the eye and the brain...
February 7, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
L Struelens, J Dabin, E Carinou, P Askounis, O Ciraj-Bjelac, J Domienik-Andrzejewska, D Berus, R Padovani, J Farah, P Covens
This study describes the retrospective lens dose calculation methods developed and applied within the European epidemiological study on radiation-induced lens opacities among interventional cardiologists. While one approach focuses on self-reported data regarding working practice in combination with available procedure-specific eye lens dose values, the second approach focuses on the conversion of the individual whole-body dose to eye lens dose. In contrast with usual dose reconstruction methods within an epidemiological study, a protocol is applied resulting in an individual distribution of possible cumulative lens doses for each recruited cardiologist, rather than a single dose estimate...
February 6, 2018: Radiation Research
Andre Grixti, Raman Malhotra
To provide an extensive literature review on the clinical indications of oral mucosa grafts (OMG) and minor salivary gland grafts (MSGG) in periorbital reconstruction together with safe practice graft harvesting techniques to minimize donor-site morbidity. A literature review was performed by searching the databases of PUBMED, EMBASE, and COCHRANE library using the keywords: minor salivary glands; oral mucosal graft; orbit; and eye. The bibliographies of the pertinent articles were examined for additional papers...
February 6, 2018: Orbit
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"