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Underrepresented minorities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545336/design-of-a-cluster-randomized-minority-recruitment-trial-recruit
#1
Barbara C Tilley, Arch G Mainous, Daniel W Smith, M Diane McKee, Rossybelle P Amorrortu, Jennifer Alvidrez, Vanessa Diaz, Marvella E Ford, Maria E Fernandez, Robert A Hauser, Carlos Singer, Veronica Landa, Aron Trevino, Stacia M DeSantis, Yefei Zhang, Elvan Daniels, Derrick Tabor, Sally W Vernon
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic minority groups remain underrepresented in clinical trials. Many strategies to increase minority recruitment focus on minority communities and emphasize common diseases such as hypertension. Scant literature focuses on minority recruitment to trials of less common conditions, often conducted in specialty clinics and dependent on physician referrals. We identified trust/mistrust of specialist physician investigators and institutions conducting medical research and consequent participant reluctance to participate in clinical trials as key-shared barriers across racial/ethnic groups...
June 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520624/cardiac-rehabilitation-outcomes-by-ethnocultural-background-results-from-the-canadian-cardiac-rehab-registry
#2
Briar Findlay, Paul Oh, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Patients of diverse ethnocultural backgrounds are underrepresented among participants and, hence, little is known about their outcomes. The objectives of this study were to compare cardiac rehabilitation (CR) utilization, cardiovascular risk factor reduction (blood pressure, lipids, anthropometrics), and functional capacity between white and ethnocultural minority patients participating in CR across Canada. METHODS: The study was a retrospective, observational cohort study using the Canadian Cardiac Rehab Registry (CCRR)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497850/workforce-diversity-in-dentistry-current-status-and-future-challenges
#3
REVIEW
Raul I Garcia, George Blue Spruce, Jeanne C Sinkford, Michael J Lopez, Louis W Sullivan
The racial and ethnic diversity of the US oral health care workforce remains insufficient to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population and to address persistent health disparities. The findings from a recent national survey of underrepresented minority dentists are reviewed and recommendations are made for enhancing diversity in the dental profession.
May 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471777/recruiting-faculty-leaders-at-u-s-medical-schools-a-process-without-improvement
#4
James D Marsh, Ronald Chod
Recruiting faculty leaders to work in colleges of medicine is a ubiquitous, time-consuming, costly activity. Little quantitative information is available about contemporary leadership recruiting processes and outcomes. In this article, the authors examine current recruiting methods and outcomes in colleges of medicine and compare academic search approaches with the approaches often employed in intellectual-capital-rich industries.In 2015, the authors surveyed chairs of internal medicine at U.S. medical schools regarding their recruiting practices and outcomes-specifically their selection methods, the duration of searches, the recruitment of women and minorities underrepresented in medicine (URM), and their satisfaction with search outcomes...
May 2, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459648/research-microcultures-as-socialization-contexts-for-underrepresented-science-students
#5
Dustin B Thoman, Gregg A Muragishi, Jessi L Smith
How much does scientific research potentially help people? We tested whether prosocial-affordance beliefs (PABs) about science spread among group members and contribute to individual students' motivation for science. We tested this question within the context of research experience for undergraduates working in faculty-led laboratories, focusing on students who belong to underrepresented minority (URM) groups. Longitudinal survey data were collected from 522 research assistants in 41 labs at six institutions...
April 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445608/sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents-views-on-hiv-research-participation-and-parental-permission-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Brian Mustanski, Ryan Coventry, Kathryn Macapagal, Miriam R Arbeit, Celia B Fisher
CONTEXT: Sexual and gender minority adolescents are underrepresented in HIV research, partly because institutional review boards (IRBs) are reluctant to waive parental permission requirements for these studies. Understanding teenagers' perspectives on parental permission and the risks and benefits of participating in HIV research is critical to informing evidence-based IRB decisions. METHODS: Data from 74 sexual and gender minority adolescents aged 14-17 who participated in an online focus group in 2015 were used to examine perspectives on the risks and benefits of participation in a hypothetical HIV surveillance study and the need for parental permission and adequate protections...
April 26, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441673/gateways-to-the-laboratory-how-an-md-phd-program-increased-the-number-of-minority-physician-scientists
#7
Ruth Gotian, Jemella C Raymore, Shauna-Kay Rhooms, Laura Liberman, Olaf S Andersen
Traditional underrepresented minority (URM) groups (African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans) remain underrepresented among physician-scientists. To address the dearth of URM physician-scientists, in 1993 the Weill Cornell/Rockefeller/Sloan Kettering Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program developed a pipeline program, Gateways to the Laboratory (Gateways), which focuses on increasing the breadth and depth of the URM physician-scientist pipeline by offering an all-encompassing summer research training program which mirrors the life of a physician-scientist...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439180/enhancing-diversity-in-biomedical-data-science
#8
Judith E Canner, Archana J McEligot, María-Eglée Pérez, Lei Qian, Xinzhi Zhang
The gap in educational attainment separating underrepresented minorities from Whites and Asians remains wide. Such a gap has significant impact on workforce diversity and inclusion among cross-cutting Biomedical Data Science (BDS) research, which presents great opportunities as well as major challenges for addressing health disparities. This article provides a brief description of the newly established National Institutes of Health Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) diversity initiatives at four universities: California State University, Monterey Bay; Fisk University; University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus; and California State University, Fullerton...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434476/a-qualitative-approach-exploring-the-acceptability-of-yoga-for-minorities-living-with-arthritis-where-are-the-people-who-look-like-me
#9
Kimberly R Middleton, Miriam Magaña López, Steffany Haaz Moonaz, Gladys Tataw-Ayuketah, Michael M Ward, Gwenyth R Wallen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acceptability of yoga research tailored to recruit and retain a minority population (both English and Spanish speaking) with arthritis. Yoga research for arthritis often underrepresents minorities and acceptability for this population has not previously been investigated. DESIGN: Acceptability was evaluated using retention, adherence, journals, and semi-structured exit interviews from twelve participants with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis undergoing an 8-week yoga intervention...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412139/comparative-effectiveness-research-the-impact-of-biologic-agents-in-ethnic-minorities-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#10
Sanjay Goel, Abdissa Negassa, Ashish Khot, Dharmendra Goyal, Shuang Guo, Amara Nandikolla, Kamila Bakirhan, Rahul Polineni, Umang Shah, Imran Chaudhary, Mohammad H Ghalib, Lakshmi Rajdev, Andreas Kaubisch, Jennifer Chuy, Santiago Aparo
BACKGROUND: Biologic agents have improved the outcomes of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). However, the clinical trials included a predominately white population (85%), with Hispanic and black patients underrepresented. Thus, the real world benefit for the latter remains unknown. Comparative effectiveness research is a tool allowing for this exploration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The demographic and clinical characteristics of patients treated for mCRC from 2000 to 2011 were extracted from the medical records of Montefiore Medical Center...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406112/doctors-of-tomorrow-an-innovative-curriculum-connecting-underrepresented-minority-high-school-students-to-medical-school
#11
Jordan Derck, Kate Zahn, Jonathan F Finks, Simanjit Mand, Gurjit Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities continue to be underrepresented in medicine (URiM). Increasing provider diversity is an essential component of addressing disparity in health delivery and outcomes. The pool of students URiM that are competitive applicants to medical school is often limited early on by educational inequalities in primary and secondary schooling. A growing body of evidence recognizing the importance of diversifying health professions advances the need for medical schools to develop outreach collaborations with primary and secondary schools to attract URiMs...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392171/disparities-in-cancer-screening-practices-among-minority-and-underrepresented-populations
#12
REVIEW
Tamryn F Gray, Joycelyn Cudjoe, Jeanne Murphy, Roland J Thorpe, Jennifer Wenzel, Hae-Ra Han
OBJECTIVES: To review current evidence about cancer screening challenges that lead to cancer health disparities in minority populations. DATA SOURCES: Research reports, published journal articles, web sites, and clinical practice observations. CONCLUSION: There are significant disparities that exist in cancer screening practices among racial and ethnic minority and underrepresented populations, resulting in disproportionately higher cancer mortality rates in these populations...
April 6, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389427/the-minorities-affairs-committee-of-the-american-society-for-cell-biology-fostering-the-professional-development-of-scientists-from-underrepresented-minority-backgrounds
#13
Verónica A Segarra, Franklin Carrero-Martínez, Erika Shugart
As part of its mission, the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) works to increase diversity in the scientific workforce, in part through the work of its Minorities Affairs Committee. It is for this reason that the ASCB was happy to welcome the special September 2016 issue of CBE-Life Sciences Education (LSE) focused on broadening participation. As a response to this special issue, we update our ASCB community and LSE readership on the society's efforts to broaden participation of underrepresented minorities in the biological sciences...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387794/engaging-african-american-women-in-research-an-approach-to-eliminate-health-disparities-in-the-african-american-community
#14
Joedrecka S Brown Speights, Alexandra C H Nowakowski, Jessica De Leon, M Miaisha Mitchell, Ivana Simpson
Objective: To explore the success of community-based participatory research [CBPR] in engaging African American women to achieve health equity by elucidating community, trust, communication and impact. Recommendations helpful for researchers interested in engaging communities to achieve health equity in the USA are included. Inroduction: African American women experience health disparities of multifactorial etiology and are underrepresented in research. CBPR is a collaborative approach that incorporates perspectives, which address the intricate determinants of health and has been reported as an effective means to address health disparities...
June 1, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380061/differences-in-stem-doctoral-publication-by-ethnicity-gender-and-academic-field-at-a-large-public-research-university
#15
Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Colette Patt, Aaron Fisher, Andrew Eppig, Ira Young, Andrew Smith, Mark A Richards
Two independent surveys of PhD students in STEM fields at the University of California, Berkeley, indicate that underrepresented minorities (URMs) publish at significantly lower rates than non-URM males, placing the former at a significant disadvantage as they compete for postdoctoral and faculty positions. Differences as a function of gender reveal a similar, though less consistent, pattern. A conspicuous exception is Berkeley's College of Chemistry, where publication rates are tightly clustered as a function of ethnicity and gender, and where PhD students experience a highly structured program that includes early and systematic involvement in research, as well as clear expectations for publishing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378199/comparison-of-health-communication-channels-for-reaching-hispanics-about-biobanking-a-pilot-trial
#16
Jessica McIntyre, Julio Jiménez, Yonaira M Rivera, Steven K Sutton, Gloria Asencio, Eida M Castro-Figueroa, Clement K Gwede, Thomas H Brandon, Susan T Vadaparampil, Vani N Simmons, Johanna Corchado, Laura Moreno, Kristen J Wells, Gwendolyn P Quinn
Cancer education is essential for improving cancer prevention and biobanking knowledge among racial-ethnic minorities, with the goal of increasing diversity and representativeness of biospecimen collections. However, little is known about the communication modalities for optimal delivery of information. We examined feasibility of recruitment and compared communication modalities for delivering cancer prevention and biobanking education to Hispanics. Communication modalities were evaluated using participation rates and change in knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, intention, receptivity, and trust...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337687/assessing-the-culture-of-residency-using-the-c-change-resident-survey-validity-evidence-in-34-u-s-residency-programs
#17
Linda H Pololi, Arthur T Evans, Janet T Civian, Sandy Shea, Robert T Brennan
BACKGROUND: A practical instrument is needed to reliably measure the clinical learning environment and professionalism for residents. OBJECTIVE: To develop and present evidence of validity of an instrument to assess the culture of residency programs and the clinical learning environment. DESIGN: During 2014-2015, we surveyed residents using the C - Change Resident Survey to assess residents' perceptions of the culture in their programs. PARTICIPANTS: Residents in all years of training in 34 programs in internal medicine, pediatrics, and general surgery in 14 geographically diverse public and private academic health systems...
March 23, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323604/why-it-s-unjust-to-expect-location-specific-language-specific-or-population-specific-service-from-students-with-underrepresented-minority-or-low-income-backgrounds
#18
Barret Michalec, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Jon C Tilburt, Frederic W Hafferty
In this case we meet Amanda, a medical student of Native and Latin American ethnicity who receives financial aid. Her friends are surprised by her interest in an elite residency program. They suggest, rather, that with her language skills, ethnic background, and interest in social justice, she has a responsibility to work with underserved patient populations. In our commentary, we consider issues raised by the case and explore Amanda's friends' underlying expectations and assumptions that perpetuate the very inequities that the resolution of the case purports to address...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321649/adolescent-participation-in-hpv-vaccine-clinical-trials-are-parents-willing
#19
Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Pamela C Hull, Lauren Duke, Stephania T Miller
Approximately one-quarter of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are acquired by adolescents, with a higher burden among racial/ethnic minorities. However, racial/ethnic minorities have been underrepresented in previous HPV vaccine trials. Ongoing and future HPV vaccine optimization trials would benefit from racially- and ethnically-diverse sample of adolescent trial participants. This study examined factors influencing parental willingness to consent to their adolescents' participation in HPV vaccine clinical trials and tested for possible racial differences...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302274/pipeline-program-recruits-and-retains-women-and-underrepresented-minorities-in-procedure-based-specialties-a-brief-report
#20
Bonnie S Mason, William Ross, Monique C Chambers, Richard Grant, Michael Parks
As the US population continues to grow in racial and ethnic diversity, we also continue to see healthcare disparities across racial lines. Considerable attention has been given to creating a physician workforce that better reflects the population served by healthcare professionals. To address the low numbers of women and underrepresented minorities in procedural based specialties, Nth Dimensions has sought to address and eliminate healthcare disparities through strategic pipeline initiatives. This is a retrospective observational cohort study of 118 medical students from 29 accredited US medical schools, who were awarded a position in the Nth Dimensions Summer Internship program between 2005 and 2012...
April 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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