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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188283/the-deaf-mentoring-survey-a-community-cultural-wealth-framework-for-measuring-mentoring-effectiveness-with-underrepresented-students
#1
Derek C Braun, Cara Gormally, M Diane Clark
Disabled individuals, women, and individuals from cultural/ethnic minorities continue to be underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Research has shown that mentoring improves retention for underrepresented individuals. However, existing mentoring surveys were developed to assess the majority population, not underrepresented individuals. We describe the development of a next-generation mentoring survey built upon capital theory and critical race theory. It emphasizes community cultural wealth, thought to be instrumental to the success of individuals from minority communities...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188201/a-day-of-immersive-physiology-experiments-increases-knowledge-and-excitement-towards-physiology-and-scientific-careers-in-native-american-students
#2
Bryan K Becker, Alicia M Schiller, Irving H Zucker, Eric A Eager, Liliana P Bronner, Maurice Godfrey
Underserved minority groups are disproportionately absent from the pursuit of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. One such underserved population, Native Americans, are particularly underrepresented in STEM fields. Although recent advocacy and outreach designed toward increasing minority involvement in health care-related occupations have been mostly successful, little is known about the efficacy of outreach programs in increasing minority enthusiasm toward careers in traditional scientific professions...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177749/genetic-characterization-of-physical-activity-behaviours-in-university-students-enrolled-in-kinesiology-degree-programs
#3
Gina M Many, Zachary Kendrick, Chelsea L Deschamps, Courtney Sprouse, Laura L Tosi, Joseph M Devaney, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Whitney Barfield, Eric P Hoffman, Joseph A Houmard, Linda S Pescatello, Hans J Vogel, Jane Shearer, Dustin S Hittel
Studies of physical activity behaviours have increasingly shown the importance of heritable factors such as genetic variation. Nonsynonymous polymorphisms of alpha-actinin 3 (ACTN3) and the β-adrenergic receptors 1 and 3 (ADRB1 and ADRB3) have been previously associated with exercise capacity and cardiometabolic health. We thus hypothesized that these polymorphisms are also related to physical activity behaviours in young adults. To test this hypothesis we examined relationships between ACTN3 (R577X), ARDB1 (Arg389Gly), ADRB3 (Trp64Arg), and physical activity behaviours in university students...
November 11, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176157/barriers-and-strategies-for-recruitment-of-racial-and-ethnic-minorities-perspectives-from-neurological-clinical-research-coordinators
#4
Sean J Haley, Lauren E Southwick, Nina S Parikh, Jazmin Rivera, Dorothy Farrar-Edwards, Bernadette Boden-Albala
INTRODUCTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard within evidence-based research. Low participant accrual rates, especially of underrepresented groups (e.g., racial-ethnic minorities), may jeopardize clinical studies' viability and strength of findings. Research has begun to unweave clinical trial mechanics, including the roles of clinical research coordinators, to improve trial participation rates. METHODS: Two semi-structured focus groups were conducted with a purposive sample of 29 clinical research coordinators (CRCs) at consecutive international stroke conferences in 2013 and 2014 to gain in-depth understanding of coordinator-level barriers to racial-ethnic minority recruitment and retention into neurological trials...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170167/effects-of-image-based-and-text-based-active-learning-exercises-on-student-examination-performance-in-a-musculoskeletal-anatomy-course
#5
M Melissa Gross, Mary C Wright, Olivia S Anderson
Research on the benefits of visual learning has relied primarily on lecture-based pedagogy, but the potential benefits of combining active learning strategies with visual and verbal materials on learning anatomy has not yet been explored. In this study, the differential effects of text-based and image-based active learning exercises on examination performance were investigated in a functional anatomy course. Each class session was punctuated with an average of 12 text-based and image-based active learning exercises...
February 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169861/gender-and-ethnic-diversity-in-academic-pm-r-faculty-national-trend-analysis-of-two-decades
#6
Jaeho Hwang, Kia Byrd, Michael O Nguyen, Michael Liu, Yuru Huang, Gordon H Bae
Over the years, a number of studies have demonstrated an increase in gender and ethnic diversity among US physicians. Despite substantial progress in eliminating gender and racial inequities in the field of medicine, women and ethnic minorities are still underrepresented among medical faculty at academic institutions. This study aims to describe the trends in gender and ethnic diversity among Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) faculty through statistical analysis of data describing gender and ethnicity of full-time academic faculty gathered from the Association of American Medical Colleges Faculty Roster from 1994 to 2014...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164822/cancer-in-the-medically-underserved-population
#7
REVIEW
Oluwadamilola O Olaku, Emmanuel A Taylor
Cancer is characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. It is the second most common cause of death in the United States, and a significant proportion can be prevented. Underrepresented and underserved populations are less likely to receive routine medical procedures and experience a lower quality of health services. Despite the increase in cancer screening, there are disparities in the incidence and mortality of various cancers. These disparities are not fully explained by the correlations between minority race and lower socioeconomic status or minority race and insurance status...
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128785/safety-behavior-and-work-safety-climate-among-landscaping-and-groundskeeping-workers-in-north-carolina-a-pilot-study
#8
Gregory D Kearney, Jo Anne G Balanay, Adam J Mannarino
BACKGROUND: Each year, the average number of nonfatal occupational injuries among landscaping and groundskeeping workers are consistently above the total number of injuries for all other occupational injuries among worker in the U.S. From 2004 to 2007, fatalities among groundskeepers averaged 13.3 per 100,000 workers compared to an overall rate of 4.0 fatalities per 100,000 for all U.S. workers with the majority reported as either Hispanic or Latino. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this project were to describe the use of personal protective equipment and work safety climate among a sample of landscaping and groundskeeping workers employed by public universities in North Carolina (N = 67)...
January 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127754/minority-representation-in-migraine-treatment-trials
#9
Nathaniel M Robbins, James L Bernat
BACKGROUND: Minorities have historically been underrepresented in clinical research trials despite having comparatively poor health indicators. Recognizing the dual inequalities of increased disease burden and decreased research participation, the National Institute of Health (NIH) Revitalization Act of 1993 mandated the inclusion and reporting of women and minorities in NIH-funded research. While progress has been made in the subsequent decades, this underrepresentation of minorities in research trials persists and has been documented in multiple disciplines...
January 27, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120296/lower-rates-of-promotion-of-generalists-in-academic-medicine-a-follow-up-to-the-national-faculty-survey
#10
Deborah Blazey-Martin, Phyllis L Carr, Norma Terrin, Janis L Breeze, Carolyn Luk, Anita Raj, Karen M Freund
BACKGROUND: Prior cross-sectional research has found that generalists have lower rates of academic advancement than specialists and basic science faculty. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine generalists relative to other medical faculty in advancement and academic productivity. DESIGN: In 2012, we conducted a follow-up survey (n = 607) of 1214 participants in the 1995 National Faculty Survey cohort and supplemented survey responses with publicly available data...
January 24, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101263/team-based-learning-in-a-pipeline-course-in-medical-microbiology-for-under-represented-student-populations-in-medicine-improves-learning-of-microbiology-concepts
#11
K C Behling, M M Murphy, J Mitchell-Williams, H Rogers-McQuade, O J Lopez
As part of an undergraduate pipeline program at our institution for students from underrepresented minorities in medicine backgrounds, we created an intensive four-week medical microbiology course. Team-based learning (TBL) was implemented in this course to enhance student learning of course content. Three different student cohorts participated in the study, and there were no significant differences in their prior academic achievement based on their undergraduate grade point average (GPA) and pre-course examination scores...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078659/summer-research-training-provides-effective-tools-for-underrepresented-minorities-to-obtain-doctoral-level-degrees
#12
Oluwatoyin A Asojo, Ashish Damania, Teri L Turner, Gayle Slaughter, Kendal D Hirschi
The ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity of the USA is not reflected in its healthcare and biomedical workforce. Undergraduate research programs are used to encourage underrepresented minorities to pursue training for biomedical careers, but there is limited published data on doctoral degree completion rates by participants in these programs. This study evaluates the attainment of doctoral degrees by a NIH-funded cohort of undergraduates from the 1998-2002 Baylor College of Medicine's Summer Medical Research Training (SMART) program...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069446/rich2-is-implicated-in-viraemic-control-of-hiv-1-in-black-south-african-individuals
#13
Maria Paximadis, Refilwe N Ngqobe, Richard E Chaisson, Neil A Martinson, Caroline T Tiemessen
An intronic single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in RICH2 (rs2072255; 255(i)), in complete linkage disequilibrium (LD) with an exonic SNP (rs2072254; 254(e)), has been identified in a genome wide association study to be associated with progression to AIDS in Caucasian individuals. RICH2 links tetherin to the cortical actin network and the RICH2/tetherin interaction has been shown to be important for the downstream activation of NF-κβ and the consequential promotion of proinflammatory responses. We investigated the role of these two SNPs in natural control of HIV-1 in black South Africans including healthy controls (HCs; N=102) and antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected controllers (HICs; N=52) and progressors (N=74)...
January 6, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052168/a-review-of-tenure-for-black-latino-and-native-american-faculty-in-academic-medicine
#14
Zedeena E Fisher, José E Rodríguez, Kendall M Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Tenure policies in US medical schools have been under scrutiny for decades while black/African American, Latino, and Native American faculty continue to be underrepresented in medicine. As medical institutions seek to improve diversity, tenure continues to be a major retention tool. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to investigate the role that tenure plays in the recruitment, retention, and advancement of underrepresented minorities in medicine (URMM) faculty in academic medicine...
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041605/racial-and-ethnic-diversity-of-u-s-plastic-surgery-trainees
#15
Jason Silvestre, Joseph M Serletti, Benjamin Chang
BACKGROUND: Increased diversity of U.S. physicians can improve patient communication and mitigate health disparities for racial minorities. This study analyzes trends in racial and ethnic diversity of plastic surgery residents. METHODS: Demographic data of surgical residents, medical students, and integrated plastic surgery residency applicants were obtained from the Association of American Medical Colleges. Data for college students and the general population were obtained from the U...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040097/hospital-based-multidisciplinary-youth-mentoring-and-medical-exposure-program-positively-influences-and-reinforces-health-care-career-choice-the-reach-one-each-one-program-early-experience
#16
Omar K Danner, Carl Lokko, Felicia Mobley, Montreka Dansby, Michael Maze, Brene' Bradley, Elizabeth Williams, Leslie Ray Matthews, Emma Harrington, Lisa Mack, Clarence Clark, Ken Wilson, Derrick Beech, Sheryl Heron, Ed Childs
BACKGROUND: According to the National Center for Educational Statistics, underrepresented minorities (URMs) are more likely to leave science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields at higher rates than their peers during undergraduate studies. Many institutions of higher learning have implemented pipeline programs aimed at preparing and inspiring high school and college aged students in select careers in health sciences with varying levels of success. Research has shown that a health care workforce that mirrors the community they serve is more effective in reducing health disparities and increasing positive health outcomes...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025830/the-hispanic-and-latino-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#17
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Jean Calvo, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Hispanic/Latino (H/L) dentist workforce, their general practice patterns, and their contributions to oral health care for H/L and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 35.4 percent response rate for self-reported H/L dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. A workforce profile of H/L dentists was created using descriptive and multivariable statistics and published data...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991600/cervical-cancer-screening-among-arab-women-in-the-united-states-an-integrative-review
#18
Sarah Abboud, Emily De Penning, Bridgette M Brawner, Usha Menon, Karen Glanz, Marilyn S Sommers
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Arab American women are an ethnic minority and immigrant population in the United States with unique and nuanced sociocultural factors that influence preventive health behaviors. The aims of this article are to evaluate and synthesize the existing evidence on cervical cancer screening behaviors, as well as determine factors that influence these behaviors, among Arab American women.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Extensive literature searches were performed using PubMed, CINAHL®, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane databases; articles published through October 2015 were sought...
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966789/the-black-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#19
Elizabeth Mertz, Jean Calvo, Cynthia Wides, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Black dentist workforce, the practice patterns of providers, and their contributions to oral health care for minority and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 32.6 percent response rate for self-reported Black dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. Descriptive and multivariable statistics were computed to provide a workforce profile of Black dentists...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938389/hot-topics-urgent-priorities-and-ensuring-success-for-racial-ethnic-minority-young-investigators-in-academic-pediatrics
#20
REVIEW
Glenn Flores, Fernando S Mendoza, Elena Fuentes-Afflick, Jason A Mendoza, Lee Pachter, Juan Espinoza, Cristina R Fernandez, Danielle D P Arnold, Nicole M Brown, Kymberly M Gonzalez, Cynthia Lopez, Mikah C Owen, Kenya M Parks, Kimberly L Reynolds, Christopher J Russell
BACKGROUND: The number of racial/ethnic minority children will exceed the number of white children in the USA by 2018. Although 38% of Americans are minorities, only 12% of pediatricians, 5% of medical-school faculty, and 3% of medical-school professors are minorities. Furthermore, only 5% of all R01 applications for National Institutes of Health grants are from African-American, Latino, and American Indian investigators. Prompted by the persistent lack of diversity in the pediatric and biomedical research workforces, the Academic Pediatric Association Research in Academic Pediatrics Initiative on Diversity (RAPID) was initiated in 2012...
December 9, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
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