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Olivier Danhaive, Renée Margossian, Tal Geva, Stella Kourembanas
This case series reports an acute episode of hypoxemia and systemic hypotension in seven infants under 1 kg, taking place several hours or days after birth, after a period of stability and in the absence of significant lung disease. These patients were growth-restricted at birth and had a history of chronic fetal hypoxia and oligohydramnios. Pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular dysfunction were found by echocadiography. Right ventricular ejection fraction was significantly depressed during the acute episode, compared to baseline values measured after recovery...
July 2005: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
M Small, J A Copel
Congenital heart disease is one of the most common congenital malformations diagnosed in liveborns. As more women undergo prenatal diagnosis, the need for screening fetal echocadiography increases. The fetal, maternal, and familial indications for fetal echocadiography are outlined in order to improve the identification of women in greatest need for this screening modality.
May 2004: Pediatric Cardiology
J Tebbenjohanns, T Korte
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in adults. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation terminates spontaneously, whereas the persistent form terminates only after medical or electrical cardioversion. Permanent atrial fibrillation cannot be cardioverted. Restoration of sinus rhythm can be achieved by antiarrhythmic drugs or electrical cardioversion, both performed under continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. If atrial fibrillation has lasted longer than 48 hours or the precise time of onset cannot be determined, there are two alternative approaches: systemic anticoagulation to achieve an international normalised ratio (INR) of 2...
June 2003: Der Internist
Edward Gologorsky, Angela Gologorsky, David L Galbut, Abraham Wolfenson
The differential diagnosis of extracavitary, intramural and intracavitary disease may be difficult. An extrinsic compression of the left atrium by a dissecting pericardial hematoma was misdiagnosed as an intracavitary mass, by echocadiography and computer tomography. This case emphasizes the importance of patient history and clinical setting.
September 2002: Anesthesia and Analgesia
M Quintana, K Lindvall, F Brolund, N Storck, L E Lindblad, L Rydén
BACKGROUND: Short-term mortality after myocardial infarction has decreased continuously among members of selected populations. Nonetheless, the long-term prognosis among members of unselected populations remains bad. Further research in risk stratification is therefore needed. In the present study we tested the additive value of clinical variables, echocadiography, ambulatory electrocardiography, exercise testing, and stress echocardiography in assessing the long-term prognosis after acute myocardial infarction...
June 1997: Coronary Artery Disease
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