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Perovskite solar cells

E Tiguntseva, A Chebykin, A Ishteev, R Haroldson, B Balachandran, E Ushakova, F Komissarenko, H Wang, V Milichko, A Tsypkin, D Zuev, W Hu, S Makarov, A Zakhidov
Recently, hybrid halide perovskites have emerged as one of the most promising types of materials for thin-film photovoltaic and light-emitting devices because of their low-cost and potential for high efficiency. Further boosting their performance without detrimentally increasing the complexity of the architecture is critically important for commercialization. Despite a number of plasmonic nanoparticle based designs having been proposed for solar cell improvement, inherent optical losses of the nanoparticles reduce photoluminescence from perovskites...
August 17, 2017: Nanoscale
Chintam Hanmandlu, Chih Wei Chu, Chien-Yu Chen, Karunakara Moorthy Boopathi, Hao-Wu Lin, Chao Sung Lai
Inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are promising devices for providing future clean energy because of their low cost, ease of fabrication, and high efficiencies, similar to those of silicon solar cells. These materials have been investigated for their potential use in bifacial PSCs, which can absorb light from both sides of the electrodes. Here, we fabricated bifacial PSCs featuring transparent BCP/Ag/MoO3 rear electrodes, which we formed through low-temperature processing using thermal evaporation methods...
August 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Wenke Zhou, Yicheng Zhao, Xu Zhou, Rui Fu, Qi Li, Yao Zhao, Kaihui Liu, Dapeng Yu, Qing Zhao
Due to light-induced effects in CH3NH3-based perovskites, such as ion migration, defects formation and halide segregation, the degradation of CH3NH3-based perovskite solar cells under maximum power point is generally concerned. Here we demonstrated that the effect of light-enhanced ion migration in CH3NH3PbI3 can be eliminated by inorganic Cs substitution, leading to an ultra-stable perovskite solar cell. Quantitatively, the ion migration barrier for CH3NH3PbI3 is 0.62 eV under dark, larger than CsPbI2Br (0...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Yohan Ko, Yeong Rim Kim, Haneol Jang, Chanyong Lee, Man Gu Kang, Yongseok Jun
We report the performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with an electron transport layer (ETL) consisting of a SnO2 thin film obtained by electrochemical deposition. The surface morphology and thickness of the electrodeposited SnO2 films were closely related to electrochemical process conditions, i.e., the applied voltage, bath temperature, and deposition time. We investigated the performance of PSCs based on the SnO2 films. Remarkably, the experimental factors that are closely associated with the photovoltaic performance were strongly affected by the SnO2 ETLs...
August 16, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Keqiang Chen, Jing Zhou, Wen Chen, Qiaohui Zhong, Tingqiang Yang, Xue Yang, Chunyu Deng, Yueli Liu
Multinary copper-based metal sulfide (Cu-M-S) nanocrystals (NCs) usually have high absorption coefficients and near-optimum direct band gaps, which have been considered as novel photo-absorption materials for quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSCs) and hole-transport materials for perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, the formation and phase transformation mechanisms of Cu-M-S NCs during the solution-based preparing approaches are complicated. Herein, Cu-M-S NCs, including Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS), Cu2SnS3 (CTS), CuInS2 (CIS), and CuSbS2 (CAS), have been synthesized through solution-based hot-injection methods...
August 17, 2017: Nanoscale
Hao Zhang, Mian Tao, Baizhi Gao, Wei Chen, Qi Li, Qingyu Xu, Shuai Dong
The fabrication of high-quality organic-inorganic hybrid halide perovskite layers is the key prerequisite for the realization of high efficient photon energy harvest and electric energy conversion in their related solar cells. In this article, we report a novel fabrication technique of CH3NH3PbI3 layers based on high temperature chemical vapor reaction. CH3NH3PbI3 layers have been prepared by the reaction of PbI2 films which were deposited by pulsed laser deposition, with CH3NH3I vapor at various temperatures from 160 °C to 210 °C...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Manuel Salado, Ramesh K Kokal, Laura Calio, Samrana Kazim, Melepurath Deepa, Shahzada Ahmad
Triple cation based perovskite solar cells offer enhanced moisture tolerance and stability compared to mixed perovskites. Slight substitution of methyl ammonium or formamidinium cation by cesium (Cs(+)), was also reported to eliminate halide segregation due to its smaller size. To elucidate the device kinetics and understand the role of the Cs, we undertook different modes of scanning probe microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) experiments. Kelvin probe force microscopy revealed that the incorporation of the Cs cation increases the contact potential difference (CPD), this CPD further increases when Spiro-OMeTAD is used as a hole transport material...
August 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Junwoo Lee, Mahdi Malekshahi Byranvand, Gyeongho Kang, Sung Y Son, Seulki Song, Guan-Woo Kim, Taiho Park
In addition to having proper energy levels and high hole mobility (μh) without the use of dopants, hole-transporting materials (HTMs) used in n-i-p-type perovskite solar cells (PSCs) should be processed using green solvents to enable environmentally friendly device fabrication. Although many HTMs have been assessed, owing to the limited solubility of HTMs in green solvents, no green-solvent-processable HTM has been reported to date. Here we report on a green-solvent-processable HTM, an asymmetric D-A polymer (asy-PBTBDT) that exhibits superior solubility even in the green solvent, 2-methylanisole, which is a known food additive...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
John Ciro, Santiago Mesa, Juan Felipe Montoya, Jose Ignacio Uribe, Rafael Betancur, Franklin Jaramillo
Optimization of the interface between the electron transport layer (ETL) and hybrid perovskite is crucial to achieve high performance perovskite solar cell (PSC) devices. Fullerene-based compounds have attracted attention as modifiers on the surface properties of TiO2, the archetypal ETL in regular n-i-p PSCs. However, the partial solubility of fullerenes in the aprotic solvents used for perovskite deposition hinders its application to low-temperature solution-processed PSCs. In this work, we introduce a new method for fullerene modification of TiO2 layers derived from nanoparticles (NPs) inks...
August 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xuepeng Liu, Fantai Kong, Rahim Ghadari, Shengli Jin, Ting Yu, Wangchao Chen, Guozhen Liu, Zhan'ao Tan, Jian Chen, Songyuan Dai
Two arylamine-based hole transporting materials with an anthracene π-linker have been synthesized and tested for perovskite solar cells. Improved power conversion efficiency and stability were achieved by employing A102 compared with that of spiro-OMeTAD.
August 14, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Carlito S Ponseca, Pavel Chábera, Jens Uhlig, Petter Persson, Villy Sundström
Electrons are the workhorses of solar energy conversion. Conversion of the energy of light to electricity in photovoltaics, or to energy-rich molecules (solar fuel) through photocatalytic processes, invariably starts with photoinduced generation of energy-rich electrons. The harvesting of these electrons in practical devices rests on a series of electron transfer processes whose dynamics and efficiencies determine the function of materials and devices. To capture the energy of a photogenerated electron-hole pair in a solar cell material, charges of opposite sign have to be separated against electrostatic attractions, prevented from recombining and being transported through the active material to electrodes where they can be extracted...
August 14, 2017: Chemical Reviews
Naoyuki Shibayama, Hiroyuki Kanda, Shin-Ichi Yusa, Shota Fukumoto, Ajay K Baranwal, Hiroshi Segawa, Tsutomu Miyasaka, Seigo Ito
We confirmed the influence of ZnO nanoparticle size and residual water on performance of all inorganic perovskite solar cells. By decreasing the size of the ZnO nanoparticles, the short-circuit current density (Jsc) and open circuit photovoltage (Voc) values are increased and the conversion efficiency is improved. Although the Voc value is not affected by the influence of residual water in the solution for preparing the ZnO layer, the Jsc value drops greatly. As a result, it was found that it is important to use the oxide nanoparticles with a small particle diameter and to reduce the water content in the oxide forming material in order to manufacture a highly efficient all inorganic perovskite solar cells...
2017: Nano Convergence
James E Bishop, David K Mohamad, Michael Wong-Stringer, Alex Smith, David G Lidzey
We utilise spray-coating under ambient conditions to sequentially deposit compact-TiO2, mesoporous-TiO2, CH3NH3PbI(3-x)Clx perovskite and doped spiro-OMeTAD layers, creating a mesoporous standard architecture perovskite solar cell (PSC). The devices created had an average power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.2% and a peak PCE of 10.2%; values that compare favourably with control-devices fabricated by spin-casting that had an average efficiency of 11.4%. We show that our process can be used to create devices having an active-area of 1...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Zhen-Kun Tang, Zhi-Feng Xu, Deng-Yu Zhang, Shu-Xian Hu, Woon-Ming Lau, Li-Min Liu
The suitable band structure is vital for perovskite solar cells, which greatly affect the high photoelectric conversion efficiency. Cation substitution is an effective approach to tune the electric structure, carrier concentration, and optical absorption of hybrid lead iodine perovskites. In this work, the electronic structures and optical properties of cation (Bi, Sn, and TI) doped tetragonal formamidinium lead iodine CH(NH2)2PbI3 (FAPbI3) are studied by first-principles calculations. For comparison, the cation-doped tetragonal methylammonium lead iodine CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) are also considered...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yang Wang, Tzu-Sen Su, Han-Yan Tsai, Tzu-Chien Wei, Yun Chi
Spiro-OMeTAD with symmetric spiro-bifluorene unit has dominated the investigation of hole-transporting material (HTM) for efficient perovskite solar cells (PSCs) despite of its low intrinsic hole conductivity and instability. In this study, we designed and synthesized three asymmetric spiro-phenylpyrazole/fluorene base HTMs, namely: WY-1, WY-2 and WY-3. They exhibit excellent electrochemical properties and hole conductivities. Moreover, the PSC based on WY-1 exhibits the highest power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 14...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Adam Hultqvist, Kerttu Aitola, Kári Sveinbjörnsson, Zahra Saki, Fredrik Larsson, Tobias Torndahl, Erik M J Johansson, Gerrit Boschloo, Marika Edoff
The compatibility of atomic layer deposition directly onto FAPBI3:MAPbBr3 perovskite films is investigated by exposing the perovskite films to the full or partial atomic layer deposition processes for the electron selective layer candidates ZnO and SnOx. Exposing the samples to the heat, the vacuum and even the counter reactant of H2O of the atomic layer deposition processes does not appear to alter the perovskite films in terms of crystallinity, but the choice of metal precursor is found to be critical. The Zn precursor Zn(C2H5)2 either by itself or in combination with H2O during the ZnO ALD process is found to enhance the decomposition of the bulk of the perovskite film into PbI2 without even forming ZnO...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Daniel Prochowicz, Pankaj Yadav, Michael Saliba, Marcin Saski, Shaik M Zakeeruddin, Janusz Lewiński, Michael Grätzel
Organo-lead halide perovskites have emerged as promising light harvesting materials for solar cells. The ability to prepare high quality films with a low concentration of defects is essential for obtaining high device performance. Here, we advance the procedure for the fabrication of efficient perovskite solar cells (PSCs) based on mechanochemically synthesized MAPbI3. The use of mechano-perovskite for the thin film formation provides a high degree of control of the stoichiometry and allows for the growth of relatively large crystalline grains...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xiao Ma, Peng Tang, Dong Liu, Lili Wu, Jingquan Zhang, Lianghuan Feng
For high-efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs), interface engineering becomes critical for carrier collection from active perovskite material to the transport layer. To enhance power conversion efficiency (PCE), here we demonstrate a novel method named surface plasma treatment on mesoporous TiO2 electron transport layer (ETL) to improve electron extraction and transport properties at the perovskite/TiO2 interface. According to the XPS results, the plasma treatment induced a partial reduction of Ti4+ to Ti3+ within the TiO2 lattice and increased the concentration of oxygen vacancy on the TiO2 surface...
August 9, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Jia Liang, Caixing Wang, Peiyang Zhao, Zhipeng Lu, Yue Ma, Zhaoran Xu, Yanrong Wang, Hongfei Zhu, Yi Hu, Guoyin Zhu, Lianbo Ma, Tao Chen, Zuoxiu Tie, Jie Liu, Zhong Jin
An efficient method to synthesize well-crystallized inorganic cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = I or Br) with high yield and high reproducibility was proposed. Notably, the as-prepared CsPbI3 in the yellow orthorhombic phase (y-CsPbI3) can be easily converted to the black cubic perovskite phase CsPbI3 (b-CsPbI3) after thermal annealing. Furthermore, two-terminal photodetectors and all-inorganic perovskite solar cells based on b-CsPbI3 were fabricated, exhibiting high performances.
August 9, 2017: Nanoscale
Jaehoon Ryu, Kisu Lee, Juyoung Yun, Haejun Yu, Jungsup Lee, Jyongsik Jang
Paintable carbon electrode-based perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are of particular interest due to their material and fabrication process costs, as well as their moisture stability. However, printing the carbon paste on the perovskite layer limits the quality of the interface between the perovskite layer and carbon electrode. Herein, an attempt to enhance the performance of the paintable carbon-based PSCs is made using a modified solvent dripping method that involves dripping of the carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which is dispersed in chlorobenzene solution...
August 7, 2017: Small
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