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Quadriceps activation

Yanita McLeay, Stephen R Stannard, Toby Mundel, Andrew Foskett, Matthew Barnes
This study was designed to investigate the effects of alcohol consumption on recovery of muscle force when consumed immediately post-exercise in young females. Eight young women completed 300 maximal eccentric actions of the quadriceps femoris muscle on an isokinetic dynamometer on two occasions in a randomized, cross-over design after which an alcoholic beverage (0.88g ethanol/kg body weight) or an iso-caloric placebo was consumed. Maximal isokinetic (concentric and eccentric) torque and isometric tension produced across the knee were measured in both the exercised and control leg pre-damage, 36h-post, and 60h-post damage...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
I Kafantaris, B Kotsampasi, V Christodoulou, E Kokka, P Kouka, Z Terzopoulou, K Gerasopoulos, D Stagos, C Mitsagga, I Giavasis, S Makri, K Petrotos, D Kouretas
Grape pomace is a by-product of winemaking process and rich in bioactive compounds such as plant polyphenols having antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. As known, oxidative stress may cause a number of pathological conditions in farm animals and thus affecting animal welfare and production. Moreover, pathogenic bacteria affect animals' health status. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate whether lambs' feed supplemented with grape pomace enhances the antioxidant mechanisms and reduces the growth of pathogenic bacteria...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Brad Fenter, Thomas S Marzilli, Yong T Wang, Xuanliang N Dong
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a three-set tennis match on knee kinematics and leg muscle activation during the tennis serve in a real-time environment. Motion capture data and wireless electromyography of hamstrings and quadriceps muscles were collected from the back leg during the serve. A reduction of maximum knee flexion angle and a decrease of electromyography amplitudes in leg muscles were observed during the match. However, the knee angular velocity and the electromyography frequency of leg muscles remain unchanged throughout the match...
October 12, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Angèle Nalbandian, Arif A Khan, Ruchi Srivastava, Katrina J Llewellyn, Baichang Tan, Nora Shukr, Yasmin Fazli, Virginia E Kimonis, Lbachir BenMohamed
Aberrant activation of the NOD-like receptor (NLR) family, pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, triggers a pathogenic inflammatory response in many inherited neurodegenerative disorders. Inflammation has recently been associated with valosin-containing protein (VCP)-associated diseases, caused by missense mutations in the VCP gene. This prompted us to investigate whether NLRP3 inflammasome plays a role in VCP-associated diseases, which classically affects the muscles, bones, and brain. In this report, we demonstrate (i) an elevated activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in VCP myoblasts, derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) of VCP patients, which was significantly decreased following in vitro treatment with the MCC950, a potent and specific inhibitor of NLRP3 inflammasome; (ii) a significant increase in the expression of NLRP3, caspase 1, IL-1β, and IL-18 in the quadriceps muscles of VCP(R155H/+) heterozygote mice, an experimental mouse model that has many clinical features of human VCP-associated myopathy; (iii) a significant increase of number of IL-1β((+))F4/80((+))Ly6C((+)) inflammatory macrophages that infiltrate the muscles of VCP(R155H/+) mice; (iv) NLRP3 inflammasome activation and accumulation IL-1β((+))F4/80((+))Ly6C((+)) macrophages positively correlated with high expression of TDP-43 and p62/SQSTM1 markers of VCP pathology in damaged muscle; and (v) treatment of VCP(R155H/+) mice with MCC950 inhibitor suppressed activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, reduced the F4/80((+))Ly6C((+))IL-1β((+)) macrophage infiltrates in the muscle, and significantly ameliorated muscle strength...
October 11, 2016: Inflammation
Angela Zissler, Peter Steinbacher, Reinhold Zimmermann, Stefan Pittner, Walter Stoiber, Arne C Bathke, Alexandra M Sänger
BACKGROUND: Muscle injuries are among the most common sports-related lesions in athletes; however, optimal treatment remains obscure. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) may be a promising approach in this context, because it has gained increasing importance in tissue regeneration in various medical fields. HYPOTHESIS: ESWT stimulates and accelerates regenerative processes of acute muscle injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Eric A Kirk, Colin W Moore, Eric J Chater-Diehl, Shiva M Singh, Charles L Rice
PURPOSE: Polymorphisms of the collagen type V alpha 1 chain (COL5A1) gene are purported to influence mechanical properties of collagenous tissues. Our purpose was to assess musculo-tendinous contractile properties of the quadriceps in relation to the genetic influence of mechanical stiffness.. METHODS: Eighty, recreationally active males (ages 19-31 y) were assessed for the presence of three genetic polymorphisms associated with COL5A1 stability (rs4919510, rs1536482 and rs12722)...
September 26, 2016: Experimental Physiology
Gabriel Andrade Paz, Jason DeFreitas, Marianna de Freitas Maia, Jurandir Silva, Vicente Lima, Humberto Miranda
STUDY DESIGN: Crossover design. CONTEXT: Excessive valgus and varus force which affected the knee joint during dynamic tasks has been often associated to lower extremity injuries. Strategies to increase the resistance against these asymmetries, such as, the use of a physioball between the knees or elastic bands around the knees are often applied in rehabilitation and conditioning programs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of performing leg press (LP) 45° using a physioball and elastic band over multiple sets with submaximal loads on electromyographic (EMG) amplitude and fatigue indices...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Kyosuke Goto, Takashi Morishita, Satoshi Kamada, Kazuya Saita, Hiroyuki Fukuda, Etsuji Shiota, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Tooru Inoue
We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of robot-assisted rehabilitation in an early postoperative setting to improve knee mobility following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A total of 20 patients were alternatively assigned to robotassisted rehabilitation (n = 10; all women) or a control group (n = 10; 2 men and 8 women). The use of a single-joint hybrid assistive limb (HAL-SJ) in active assistive knee exercise was performed for the robot-assisted rehabilitation group while the control patients underwent conventional active assistive knee exercise...
August 10, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
M W Zhao, H Tian, N Wang, M Li, X Geng, Q Y Zhou
Objective: To assess the pain control efficiency of continuous adductor canal block in total knee arthroplasty. Methods: From October to December 2015, patients with severe knee osteoarthritis undergoing primary unilateral TKA were observed clinically.All of the patients received ultrasound-guided continuous adductor canal block after surgery.NPRS Pain score in rest and activity at 2, 6, 12, 24, 48 h after surgery were collected, preoperative and postoperative quadriceps strength at 24, 48 h were analyzed. Opioids consumption and anesthesia related adverse effects were also recorded...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Rihab Moncer, Sonia Jemni, Samia Frioui, Emna Toulgui, Iheb BelHadjYoussef, Fayçal Khachnaoui
OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of non specific LBP in children and adolescents and identify factors directly associated with LBP, which will allow us to establish a program to prevent non specific LBP in childhood. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an analytical cross-sectional study about 444 students, 201 boys and 243 girls, with average age of 14.95 years. Evaluation includes anthropometric assessment, extensibility of sub pelvic muscles and the endurance of back muscles and quadriceps with spine examination...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Maryne Cozette, Stéphane Delanaud, Pierre-Marie Lepretre, Thierry Weissland
OBJECTIVE: Shoulder internal (IR) and external rotator (ER) muscles play an important role in the stability of glenohumeral joint. The ratio between the peak torque of ER and IR in concentric (ER/IRPT) and mixed (ER-ECC/IR-CONPT) are usually measured to evaluate the effects of muscle weakness, sport activities, injury and treatment (Greenfield et al., 1990; Scoville et al., 1997). However, ER/IRPT and ER-ECC/IR-CONPT failed to provide some indication on the evolution of the ER/IR torque ratio (ER/IRTorque) and mixed torque ratio (ER-EC/IR-COTorque) during the range of motion (ROM)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Andrew C Fry, Terry J Housh, Joel B Cramer, Joseph P Weir, Travis W Beck, Brian K Schilling, Jonathan D Miller, Justin X Nicoll
Numerous conditions and types of physical activity (e.g., exercise, aging, muscle-related diseases) can influence muscle fiber types and the proteins expressed. To date, muscle fibers can only be characterized by actually obtaining a tissue sample using the invasive muscle biopsy procedure. Mechanomyography (MMG) is the assessment of the vibration properties of contracting skeletal muscle, and has been proposed as a possible non-invasive method for muscle fiber analysis. Therefore, the purpose of this project was to examine the feasibility of using MMG and muscle performance measures to non-invasively assess muscle fiber characteristics...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Tjerk Zult, Alli Gokeler, Jos J A M van Raay, Reinoud W Brouwer, Inge Zijdewind, Tibor Hortobágyi
PURPOSE: The function of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) patients' non-injured leg is relevant in light of the high incidence of secondary ACL injuries on the contralateral side. However, the non-injured leg's function has only been examined for a selected number of neuromuscular outcomes and often without appropriate control groups. We measured a broad array of neuromuscular functions between legs of ACL patients and compared outcomes to age, sex, and physical activity matched controls...
September 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Mark Tyler Cavanaugh, Saied Jalal Aboodarda, Daniel Hodgson, David George Behm
Foam rolling has been shown to increase range of motion without subsequent performance impairments of the rolled muscle, however, there are no studies examining rolling effects on antagonist muscles. The objective of this study was to determine whether foam rolling the hamstrings and/or quadriceps would affect hamstrings and quadriceps activation in men and women. Recreationally active men (n=10, 25 ± 4.6 years, 180.1 ± 4.4 cm, 86.5 ± 15.7 kg) and women (n=8, 21.75 ± 3.2 years, 166.4 ± 8.8 cm, 58.9 ± 7...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Mark Tyler Cavanaugh, Saied Jalal Aboodarda, David George Behm
The objective of this study was to develop a standardized test to determine quadriceps and hamstrings muscle activation in a position emulating a non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury. We assessed the intra- and inter-session reliability of surface electromyography (EMG) of the dominant leg following single-leg landing from a standardized hurdle jump. Eighteen subjects (10 males, 8 females) participated in four repeated sessions. During each session, individuals performed three successful jumps over a hurdle set to 75% of their maximal countermovement jump height and landed on their dominant leg...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Albertas Skurvydas, Gediminas Mamkus, Sigitas Kamandulis, Vilma Dudoniene, Dovile Valanciene, Håkan Westerblad
PURPOSE: Force production frequently remains depressed for several hours or even days after various types of strenuous physical exercise. We hypothesized that the pattern of force changes during the first hour after exercise can be used to reveal muscular mechanisms likely to underlie the decline in muscle performance during exercise as well as factors involved in the triggering the prolonged force depression after exercise. METHODS: Nine groups of recreationally active male volunteers performed one of the following types of exercise: single prolonged or repeated short maximum voluntary contractions (MVCs); single or repeated all-out cycling bouts; repeated drop jumps...
September 16, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Abbey C Thomas, Brian G Pietrosimone, Carter J Bayer
CONTEXT: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) may provide important information regarding the corticospinal mechanisms that may contribute to the neuromuscular activation impairments. Paired-pulse TMS testing is a reliable method for measuring intracortical facilitation and inhibition; however, little evidence exists regarding agreement of these measures in the quadriceps. OBJECTIVE: To determine the between-session and inter-rater agreement of intracortical excitability (short and long interval intracortical inhibition [SICI; LICI] and intracortical facilitation [ICF]) in the dominant limb quadriceps...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Hadi Karimi, Zahra Fakhari, Scott Hasson
CONTEXT: Whole body vibration (WBV) is a type of weight-bearing exercise used in the field of sport and rehabilitation. There is no study on the effects of WBV on muscle recovery after a fatiguing activity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a single whole body vibration (WBV) session on lower extremity fatigue. DESIGN: Randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: University Physiotherapy Clinic. SUBJECTS: A total of 13 healthy young men volunteered to participate in this study...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Lisa Chinn, Kimberly S Peer, Lauren Miller
CONTEXT: Muscle fatigue and acute muscle soreness occur following exercise. Application of a local vibration intervention may be a modality to reduce the consequences of fatigue and soreness. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a local vibration intervention following a bout of exercise on balance, power, and self-reported pain. DESIGN: Single-blind, crossover study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen healthy, moderately active subjects completed the study...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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