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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096363/an-rna-based-signature-enables-high-specificity-detection-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Mark Kalinich, Irun Bhan, Tanya T Kwan, David T Miyamoto, Sarah Javaid, Joseph A LiCausi, John D Milner, Xin Hong, Lipika Goyal, Srinjoy Sil, Melissa Choz, Uyen Ho, Ravi Kapur, Alona Muzikansky, Huidan Zhang, David A Weitz, Lecia V Sequist, David P Ryan, Raymond T Chung, Andrew X Zhu, Kurt J Isselbacher, David T Ting, Mehmet Toner, Shyamala Maheswaran, Daniel A Haber
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are shed into the bloodstream by invasive cancers, but the difficulty inherent in identifying these rare cells by microscopy has precluded their routine use in monitoring or screening for cancer. We recently described a high-throughput microfluidic CTC-iChip, which efficiently depletes hematopoietic cells from blood specimens and enriches for CTCs with well-preserved RNA. Application of RNA-based digital PCR to detect CTC-derived signatures may thus enable highly accurate tissue lineage-based cancer detection in blood specimens...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086824/d-dimer-is-an-essential-accompaniment-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-gastric-cancer
#2
Dongmei Diao, Yao Cheng, Yongchun Song, Hao Zhang, Zhangjian Zhou, Chengxue Dang
BACKGROUND: Fibrinogen (FIB) is an important source of fibrin, which plays a crucial role in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) extravasation and distant metastasis development. We hypothesize it's stable final product, plasma D-dimer, may be associated with CTCs appearance and can reflect the metastatic phenotype in cancer patients. METHODS: We first verified our hypothesis in different murine gastric cancer metastasis models in vivo, plasma D-dimer and fibrinogen as well as its degradation products were directly examined in three metastasis immune-deficient mouse models and in controls...
January 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073899/paper-based-microrna-expression-profiling-from-plasma-and-circulating-tumor-cells
#3
Sai Mun Leong, Karen Mei-Ling Tan, Hui Wen Chua, Mo-Chao Huang, Wai Chye Cheong, Mo-Huang Li, Steven Tucker, Evelyn Siew-Chuan Koay
BACKGROUND: Molecular characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) holds great promise for monitoring metastatic progression and characterizing metastatic disease. However, leukocyte and red blood cell contamination of routinely isolated CTCs makes CTC-specific molecular characterization extremely challenging. METHODS: Here we report the use of a paper-based medium for efficient extraction of microRNAs (miRNAs) from limited amounts of biological samples such as rare CTCs harvested from cancer patient blood...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073294/circulating-tumor-cells-and-dna-for-real-time-egfr-detection-and-monitoring-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Jinfeng He, Wei Tan, Jingping Ma
AIM: We investigate the suitability of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in non-small-cell lung cancer management, which is challenging in conventional biopsies. MATERIALS & METHODS: We performed serial blood extraction from 120 patients of varying EGFR status. Molecular profiling was performed using droplet digital PCR and correlated to survival outcome. RESULTS: Overall, we observed 95% agreement using CTCs and ctDNA with conventional tissue biopsies, which indicated the disease's close correlation...
January 11, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070168/circulating-tumor-microemboli-ctm-and-vimentin-circulating-tumor-cells-ctcs-detected-by-a-size-based-platform-predict-worse-prognosis-in-advanced-colorectal-cancer-patients-during-chemotherapy
#5
Dejun Zhang, Lei Zhao, Pengfei Zhou, Hong Ma, Fang Huang, Min Jin, Xiaomeng Dai, Xiumei Zheng, Shaoyi Huang, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detected in peripheral blood (PB) of cancer patients can be identified as isolated CTCs and circulating tumor microemboli (CTM). This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of CTM detection and CTC phenotype in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients during chemotherapy. METHODS: A size-based platform for CTC isolation was applied. PB samples (5 ml) from 98 advanced CRC patients during 2-6 cycles chemotherapy were collected for CTC detection, and CTC count was correlated to patient's clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcome...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068321/analysis-of-dna-methylation-in-single-circulating-tumor-cells
#6
C F Pixberg, K Raba, F Müller, B Behrens, E Honisch, D Niederacher, H Neubauer, T Fehm, W Goering, W A Schulz, P Flohr, G Boysen, M Lambros, J S De Bono, W T Knoefel, C Sproll, N H Stoecklein, R P L Neves
Direct analysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can inform on molecular mechanisms underlying systemic spread. Here we investigated promoter methylation of three genes regulating epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a key mechanism enabling epithelial tumor cells to disseminate and metastasize. For this, we developed a single-cell protocol based on agarose-embedded bisulfite treatment, which allows investigating DNA methylation of multiple loci via a multiplex PCR (multiplexed-scAEBS). We established our assay for the simultaneous analysis of three EMT-associated genes miR-200c/141, miR-200b/a/429 and CDH1 in single cells...
January 9, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058627/a-surface-tension-magnetophoretic-device-for-rare-cell-isolation-and-characterization
#7
Emma E van der Toom, James E Verdone, Changhan Jun, Doru Petrisor, Sunghwan Lim, Jean J M C H de la Rosette, Theo M de Reijke, Michael A Gorin, Kenneth J Pienta, Dan Stoianovici
The cancer community continues to search for an efficient and cost-effective technique to isolate and characterize circulating cells (CTCs) as a 'real-time liquid biopsy'. Existing methods to isolate and analyze CTCs require various transfer, wash, and staining steps that can be time consuming, expensive, and led to the loss of rare cells. To overcome the limitations of existing CTC isolation strategies, we have developed an inexpensive 'lab on a chip' device for the enrichment, staining, and analysis of rare cell populations...
February 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054593/high-shear-stresses-under-exercise-condition-destroy-circulating-tumor-cells-in-a-microfluidic-system
#8
Sagar Regmi, Afu Fu, Kathy Qian Luo
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are the primary targets of cancer treatment as they cause distal metastasis. However, how CTCs response to exercise-induced high shear stress is largely unknown. To study the effects of hemodynamic microenvironment on CTCs, we designed a microfluidic circulatory system that produces exercise relevant shear stresses. We explore the effects of shear stresses on breast cancer cells with different metastatic abilities, cancer cells of ovarian, lung and leukemic origin. Three major findings were obtained...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044295/negative-enrichment-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-blood-using-a-microfluidic-chip
#9
Hamizah A Cognart, Chia-Pin Chang
The enumeration and analysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is an increasing interest for monitoring disease progression or response to treatment, specifically as a companion diagnostic for new anticancer drugs, and for research into the mechanisms of disease progression and metastases. Ideally, CTCs would be enriched from very small samples, with minimal handling, high recovery, and no requirement for the expression of specific surface markers. Here, we describe negative enrichment as the preferred approach for cancer cell isolation using a microfluidic platform...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039472/analysis-of-circulating-tumor-cells-from-lung-cancer-patients-with-multiple-biomarkers-using-high-performance-size-based-microfluidic-chip
#10
Wanlei Gao, Haojun Yuan, Fengxiang Jing, Shan Wu, Hongbo Zhou, Hongju Mao, Qinghui Jin, Jianlong Zhao, Hui Cong, Chunping Jia
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have attracted pretty much attention from scientists because of their important relationship with the process of metastasis. Here, we developed a size-based microfluidic chip containing triangular pillar array and filter channel array for detecting single CTCs and CTC clusters independent of tumor-specific markers. The cell populations in chip were characterized by immune-fluorescent staining combining an epithelial marker and a mesenchymal marker. We largely decreased the whole time of detection process to nearly 1...
December 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032524/classifying-circulating-tumor-cells-to-monitor-cancer-progression
#11
Panagiota Economopoulou, Vassilis Georgoulias, Athanasios Kotsakis
The term 'liquid biopsy' refers to molecular analysis of a tumor's genetic features based on circulating genetic material in the peripheral blood derived from circulating tumor cells (CTCs), circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and circulating miRNAs, and has emerged as a minimally invasive tool in early cancer diagnosis and disease monitoring. CTCs are believed to originate from the primary tumor and obtain genetic heterogeneity during evolution. Areas covered: The presence of CTCs has been associated with poor clinical outcome in patients with metastatic breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer and prostate cancer...
December 29, 2016: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030836/expression-and-clinical-relevance-of-epithelial-and-mesenchymal-markers-in-circulating-tumor-cells-from-colorectal-cancer
#12
Ren Zhao, Zhen Cai, Sheng Li, Yong Cheng, Hua Gao, Fang Liu, Shiyang Wu, Suyan Liu, Yan Dong, Lei Zheng, Wenbin Zhang, Xiaojun Wu, Xueqing Yao
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) with phenotypic hallmarks of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) reportedly contribute to tumor metastasis in different cancer types. We therefore evaluated the expression of EMT markers in CTCs obtained from a large cohort of Chinese patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and investigated their clinical relevance. The CanPatrolTM CTC enrichment technique was used to isolate and classify CTCs. CTCs were detected in 1046 of 1203 patients (86.9%), and three phenotypes were identified based on the expression of epithelial and mesenchymal markers: epithelial CTCs, biophenotypic (epithelial/mesenchymal) CTCs, and mesenchymal CTCs...
December 21, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029660/phenotypic-characterization-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-patients
#13
Sofia Agelaki, Melina Dragolia, Harris Markonanolaki, Saad Alkahtani, Christos Stournaras, Vassilis Georgoulias, Galatea Kallergi
INTRODUCTION: Patients with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), are considered as a poor prognosis group for whom no targeted therapies are currently available. The aim of the present study was to phenotypically characterize their CTCs in order to explore potential therapeutic targets. METHODS: PBMC's cytospins were prepared from 45 early (before and after adjuvant chemotherapy), 10 metastatic TNBC and 21 hormone receptor (HR) -positive patients. The expression of Cytokeratins (CK), ER, PR, EGFR and HER2 on CTCs was assessed using immunofluoresence staining and ARIOL analysis...
December 24, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029547/improving-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-capturing-and-detecting-targeted-cancer-cells-with-anti-biofouling-polymer-coated-magnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#14
Run Lin, Yuancheng Li, Tobey MacDonald, Hui Wu, James Provenzale, Xingui Peng, Jing Huang, Liya Wang, Andrew Y Wang, Jianyong Yang, Hui Mao
Detecting circulating tumor cells (CTCs) with high sensitivity and specificity is critical to management of metastatic cancers. Although immuno-magnetic technology for in vitro detection of CTCs has shown promising potential for clinical applications, the biofouling effect, i.e., non-specific adhesion of biomolecules and non-cancerous cells in complex biological samples to the surface of a device/probe, can reduce the sensitivity and specificity of cell detection. Reported herein is the application of anti-biofouling polyethylene glycol-block-allyl glycidyl ether copolymer (PEG-b-AGE) coated iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) to improve the separation of targeted tumor cells from aqueous phase in an external magnetic field...
October 13, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028983/monitoring-of-circulating-tumor-cells-by-a-combination-of-immunomagnetic-enrichment-and-rt-pcr-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery
#15
Gabriela Vojtechova, Lucie Benesova, Barbora Belsanova, Petra Minarikova, Miroslav Levy, Ludmila Lipska, Stepan Suchanek, Miroslav Zavoral, Marek Minarik
BACKGROUND: The presence of circulating tumor cells (CTC) has been reported in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Monitoring CTC (also known as a liquid-biopsy) has recently become the center of interest for low-invasive monitoring of cancer progression and predictive biomarkers testing. Along with high-cost technology and a complex methodology, a straightforward method based on magnetic beads enrichment followed by RT-PCR is set to allow for routine CTC analysis in colorectal cancer patients...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028372/long-term-prognostic-impact-of-circulating-tumour-cells-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#16
Hiroaki Ito, Jun Sato, Yukio Tsujino, Noriko Yamaguchi, Satoshi Kimura, Keigo Gohda, Katsuhiro Murakami, Manabu Onimaru, Tohru Ohmori, Fumihiro Ishikawa, Haruhiro Inoue
AIM: To analyse the long-term prognostic impact of circulating tumour cells (CTCs) in gastric cancer patients who underwent surgery. METHODS: A 7.5-mL peripheral vein blood sample was obtained from each patient with treatment-negative gastric adenocarcinoma before surgery. OBP-401, a telomerase-specific, replication-selective, oncolytic adenoviral agent carrying the green fluorescent protein gene, was used to label CTCs. Correlations between the number of CTCs and clinical end points were evaluated...
December 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013389/epithelial-mesenchymal-plasticity-in-circulating-tumor-cells
#17
REVIEW
Catherine Alix-Panabières, Sonja Mader, Klaus Pantel
Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) is a complex process that supports the migratory capacity of epithelial tumor cells and is thought to play a crucial role in promoting cancer metastasis. Despite the wealth of experimental data, the exact role of EMT in cancer patients remains more controversial. Over the past 10 years, sensitive technologies that allow the detection and molecular characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood of tumor patients have been developed. These analyses help to shed new light into the importance of EMT for human tumor cell dissemination...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012133/ctc-clusters-in-cancer-progression-and-metastasis
#18
REVIEW
Anna Fabisiewicz, Ewa Grzybowska
Circulating tumor cells (CTC) in the blood of cancer patients are regarded as potential metastatic seeds, and their detailed characterization holds great promises for more exact prognosis, better diagnosis and therapy of the metastatic cancer. Circulating tumor cell clusters represent different class of CTCs, with specific properties, including high metastatic potential. In this review, we present current opinions on differences between single CTCs and CTC clusters, their mode of dissemination, methods of detection and clinical importance in various types of cancer...
January 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011487/detection-of-circulating-tumour-cells-and-survival-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Dimple Chudasama, James Barr, Julie Beeson, Emma Beddows, Niall McGonigle, Alexandra Rice, Andrew Nicholson, Vladimir Anikin
BACKGROUND: Detection of circulating tumour cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood of lung cancer patients may predict survival. Various platforms exist that allow capture of these cells for further analysis; little work however, has been done with the ScreenCell device, an antibody-independent CTC platform. The aim of our study was to evaluate the ScreenCell device for detection of CTCs in lung cancer patients and to establish correlations of these findings with survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients, nine males, and fourteen females, underwent surgical treatment from February to May 2014 for non-small cell lung cancer...
January 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009470/proportion-of-circulating-tumor-cell-clusters-increases-during-cancer-metastasis
#20
Yuanzhen Suo, Chengying Xie, Xi Zhu, Zhichao Fan, Zhangru Yang, Hao He, Xunbin Wei
Circulating tumor cell (CTC) clusters are found among CTCs and show significantly greater potential for an important role in cancer metastasis than single CTCs, which have been traditionally believed as the majority of CTCs. The accurate proportion and dynamics of CTC clusters remain unclear due to the fact that CTCs in blood flow are very difficult to detect in vivo and in vitro. CTC clusters are even more difficult to be distinguished from CTCs without perturbation by state-of-the-art detection methods. Here, we demonstrate that by using in vivo flow cytometry (IVFC), we can reliably measure the proportion and dynamics of CTC clusters in two murine tumor models...
December 23, 2016: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
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