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Type VI secretion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818038/role-of-the-type-vi-secretion-systems-during-disease-interactions-of-erwinia-amylovora-with-its-plant-host
#1
Tim Kamber, Joël F Pothier, Cosima Pelludat, Fabio Rezzonico, Brion Duffy, Theo H M Smits
BACKGROUND: Type VI secretion systems (T6SS) are widespread among Gram-negative bacteria and have a potential role as essential virulence factors or to maintain symbiotic interactions. Three T6SS gene clusters were identified in the genome of E. amylovora CFBP 1430, of which T6SS-1 and T6SS-3 represent complete T6SS machineries, while T6SS-2 is reduced in its gene content. RESULTS: To assess the contribution of T6SSs to virulence and potential transcriptomic changes of E...
August 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817192/tssa-the-cap-protein-of-the-type-vi-secretion-system-tail
#2
REVIEW
Abdelrahim Zoued, Eric Durand, Yoann G Santin, Laure Journet, Alain Roussel, Christian Cambillau, Eric Cascales
The Type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a multiprotein and mosaic apparatus that delivers protein effectors into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells. Recent data on the enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) T6SS have provided evidence that the TssA protein is a key component during T6SS biogenesis. The T6SS comprises a trans-envelope complex that docks the baseplate, a cytoplasmic complex that represents the assembly platform for the tail. The T6SS tail is structurally, evolutionarily and functionally similar to the contractile tails of bacteriophages...
August 17, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814272/identification-of-new-protein-coding-genes-with-a-potential-role-in-the-virulence-of-the-plant-pathogen-xanthomonas-euvesicatoria
#3
Ulrike Abendroth, Norman Adlung, Andreas Otto, Benjamin Grüneisen, Dörte Becher, Ulla Bonas
BACKGROUND: Bacteria of the genus Xanthomonas are economically important plant pathogens. Pathogenicity of Xanthomonas spp. depends on the type III-secretion system and additional virulence determinants. The number of sequenced Xanthomonas genomes increases rapidly, however, accurate annotation of these genomes is difficult, because it relies on gene prediction programs. In this study, we used a mass-spectrometry (MS)-based approach to identify the proteome of Xanthomonas euvesicatoria (Xe) strain 85-10 also known as X...
August 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804481/the-type-vi-secretion-system-a-dynamic-system-for-bacterial-communication
#4
REVIEW
Mathias Gallique, Mathilde Bouteiller, Annabelle Merieau
Numerous studies in Gram-negative bacteria have focused on the Type VI Secretion Systems (T6SSs), Quorum Sensing (QS), and social behavior, such as in biofilms. These interconnected mechanisms are important for bacterial survival; T6SSs allow bacteria to battle other cells, QS is devoted to the perception of bacterial cell density, and biofilm formation is essentially controlled by QS. Here, we review data concerning T6SS dynamics and T6SS-QS cross-talk that suggest the existence of inter-bacterial communication via T6SSs...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794863/recent-advances-in-understanding-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-as-a-pathogen
#5
REVIEW
Jens Klockgether, Burkhard Tümmler
The versatile and ubiquitous Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen causing acute and chronic infections in predisposed human subjects. Here we review recent progress in understanding P. aeruginosa population biology and virulence, its cyclic di-GMP-mediated switches of lifestyle, and its interaction with the mammalian host as well as the role of the type III and type VI secretion systems in P. aeruginosa infection.
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790987/comparative-analysis-of-the-flavobacterium-columnare-genomovar-i-and-ii-genomes
#6
Salih Kumru, Hasan C Tekedar, Nagihan Gulsoy, Geoffrey C Waldbieser, Mark L Lawrence, Attila Karsi
Columnaris disease caused by Gram-negative rod Flavobacterium columnare is one of the most common diseases of catfish. F. columnare is also a common problem in other cultured fish species worldwide. F. columnare has three major genomovars; we have sequenced a representative strain from genomovar I (ATCC 49512, which is avirulent in catfish) and genomovar II (94-081, which is highly pathogenic in catfish). Here, we present a comparative analysis of the two genomes. Interestingly, F. columnare ATCC 49512 and 94-081 meet criteria to be considered different species based on the Average Nucleotide Identity (90...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777089/crystal-structure-of-the-putative-cytoplasmic-protein-stm0279-hcp2-from-salmonella-typhimurium
#7
Qing Peng Lin, Zeng Qiang Gao, Zhi Geng, Heng Zhang, Yu Hui Dong
STM0279 is a putative cytoplasmic protein from Salmonella typhimurium and was recently renamed haemolysin co-regulated protein 2 (Hcp2), with the neighbouring STM0276 being Hcp1. Both of them are encoded by the type VI secretion system (T6SS) of the Salmonella pathogenicity island 6 (SPI-6) locus and have high sequence identity. The Hcp proteins may function as a vital component of the T6SS nanotube and as a transporter and chaperone of diverse effectors from the bacterial T6SS. In this study, the crystal structure and the oligomeric state in solution of Hcp2 from S...
August 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760929/entry-intracellular-survival-and-multinucleated-giant-cell-forming-activity-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-in-human-primary-phagocytic-and-non-phagocytic-cells
#8
Liam Whiteley, Teresa Meffert, Maria Haug, Christopher Weidenmaier, Verena Hopf, Katharina Bitschar, Birgit Schittek, Christian Kohler, Ivo Steinmetz, T Eoin West, Sandra Schwarz
The human pathogen Burkholderia pseudomallei and the related species Burkholderia thailandensis are facultative intracellular bacteria characterized by the ability to escape into the cytosol of the host cell and to stimulate the formation of multinucleated giant cells (MNGCs). MNGC formation is induced via an unknown mechanism by the bacterial type VI secretion system 5 (T6SS-5), which is an essential virulence factor in both species. Despite the vital role of the intracellular life cycle in the pathogenesis of the bacteria, the range of host cell types permissive for initiation and completion of the intracellular cycle is poorly defined...
July 31, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758353/structural-and-saxs-analysis-of-tle5-tli5-complex-reveals-a-novel-inhibition-mechanism-of-h2-t6ss-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#9
Xiao-Yun Yang, Zong-Qiang Li, Zeng-Qiang Gao, Wen-Jia Wang, Zhi Geng, Jian-Hua Xu, Zhun She, Yu-Hui Dong
Widely spread in gram-negative bacteria, the type VI secretion system (T6SS) secretes many effector-immunity protein pairs to help the bacteria compete against other prokaryotic rivals, and infect their eukaryotic hosts. Tle5 and Tle5B are two phospholipase effector protein secreted by T6SS of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. They can facilitate the bacterial internalization process into human epithelial cells by interacting with Akt protein of the PI3K-Akt signal pathway. Tli5 and PA5086-5088 are cognate immunity proteins of Tle5 and Tle5B, respectively...
July 30, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750654/different-therapeutic-effects-of-cells-derived-from-human-amniotic-membrane-on-premature-ovarian-aging-depend-on-distinct-cellular-biological-characteristics
#10
Chenyue Ding, Hong Li, Yun Wang, Fuxin Wang, Huihua Wu, Rulei Chen, Jinghuan Lv, Wei Wang, Boxian Huang
BACKGROUND: Many reports have shown that various kinds of stem cells have the ability to recover premature ovarian aging (POA) function. Transplantation of human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) improves ovarian function damaged by chemotherapy in a mice model. Understanding of how to evaluate the distinct effects of adult stem cells in curing POA and how to choose stem cells in clinical application is lacking. METHODS: To build a different degrees of POA model, mice were administered different doses of cyclophosphamide: light dose (70 mg/kg, 2 weeks), medium dose (70 mg/kg, 1 week; 120 mg/kg, 1 week), and high dose (120 mg/kg, 2 weeks)...
July 27, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746878/the-type-vi-secretion-system-engages-a-redox-regulated-dual-functional-heme-transporter-for-zinc-acquisition
#11
Meiru Si, Yao Wang, Bing Zhang, Chao Zhao, Yiwen Kang, Haonan Bai, Dawei Wei, Lingfang Zhu, Lei Zhang, Tao G Dong, Xihui Shen
The type VI secretion system was recently reported to be involved in zinc acquisition, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we report that Burkholderia thailandensis T6SS4 is involved in zinc acquisition via secretion of a zinc-scavenging protein, TseZ, that interacts with the outer membrane heme transporter HmuR. We find that HmuR is a redox-regulated dual-functional transporter that transports heme iron under normal conditions but zinc upon sensing extracellular oxidative stress, triggered by formation of an intramolecular disulfide bond...
July 25, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745813/subversion-of-innate-immune-responses-by-francisella-involves-the-disruption-of-traf3-and-traf6-signaling-complexes
#12
Daniela Putzova, Swarupa Panda, Anetta Härtlova, Jiří Stulík, Nelson O Gekara
The success of pathogens depends on their ability to circumvent immune defenses. Francisella tularensis is one of the most infectious bacteria known. The remarkable virulence of Francisella is believed to be due to its capacity to evade or subvert the immune system, but how remains obscure. Here we show that Francisella triggers but concomitantly inhibits the Toll-like receptor (TLR), RIG-I-like receptor (RLR) and Cytoplasmic DNA (CDR) pathways. Francisella subverts these pathways at least in part by inhibiting K63-linked polyubiquitination and assembly of TRAF6 and TRAF3 complexes that control the transcriptional responses of PRRs...
July 26, 2017: Cellular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743812/horizontal-gene-transfer-of-functional-type-vi-killing-genes-by-natural-transformation
#13
Jacob Thomas, Samit S Watve, William C Ratcliff, Brian K Hammer
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) can have profound effects on bacterial evolution by allowing individuals to rapidly acquire adaptive traits that shape their strategies for competition. One strategy for intermicrobial antagonism often used by Proteobacteria is the genetically encoded contact-dependent type VI secretion system (T6SS), a weapon used to kill heteroclonal neighbors by direct injection of toxic effectors. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that Vibrio cholerae can acquire new T6SS effector genes via horizontal transfer and utilize them to kill neighboring cells...
July 25, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703218/the-type-vi-secretion-system-sheath-assembles-at-the-end-distal-from-the-membrane-anchor
#14
Andrea Vettiger, Julius Winter, Lin Lin, Marek Basler
The bacterial Type VI secretion system (T6SS) delivers proteins into target cells using fast contraction of a long sheath anchored to the cell envelope and wrapped around an inner Hcp tube associated with the secreted proteins. Mechanisms of sheath assembly and length regulation are unclear. Here we study these processes using spheroplasts formed from ampicillin-treated Vibrio cholerae. We show that spheroplasts secrete Hcp and deliver T6SS substrates into neighbouring cells. Imaging of sheath dynamics shows that the sheath length correlates with the diameter of spheroplasts and may reach up to several micrometres...
July 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690981/fnr-regulates-the-expression-of-important-virulence-factors-contributing-to-the-pathogenicity-of-avian-pathogenic-escherichia-coli
#15
Nicolle L Barbieri, Jessica A Vande Vorde, Alison R Baker, Fabiana Horn, Ganwu Li, Catherine M Logue, Lisa K Nolan
Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is the etiologic agent of colibacillosis, an important cause of morbidity and mortality in poultry. Though, many virulence factors associated with APEC pathogenicity are known, their regulation remains unclear. FNR (fumarate and nitrate reduction) is a well-known global regulator that works as an oxygen sensor and has previously been described as a virulence regulator in bacterial pathogens. The goal of this study was to examine the role of FNR in the regulation of APEC virulence factors, such as Type I fimbriae, and processes such as adherence and invasion, type VI secretion, survival during oxidative stress, and growth in iron-restricted environments...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690319/interbacterial-predation-as-a-strategy-for-dna-acquisition-in-naturally-competent-bacteria
#16
REVIEW
Jan-Willem Veening, Melanie Blokesch
Natural competence enables bacteria to take up exogenous DNA. The evolutionary function of natural competence remains controversial, as imported DNA can act as a source of substrates or can be integrated into the genome. Exogenous homologous DNA can also be used for genome repair. In this Opinion article, we propose that predation of non-related neighbouring bacteria coupled with competence regulation might function as an active strategy for DNA acquisition. Competence-dependent kin-discriminated killing has been observed in the unrelated bacteria Vibrio cholerae and Streptococcus pneumoniae...
July 10, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674938/herbaspirillum-rubrisubalbicans-a-mild-pathogen-impairs-growth-of-rice-by-augmenting-ethylene-levels
#17
Glaucio Valdameri, Dayane Alberton, Vivian Rotuno Moure, Thiago Borba Kokot, Caroline Kukolj, Liziane Cristina Campos Brusamarello-Santos, Rose Adele Monteiro, Fabio de Oliveira Pedrosa, Emanuel Maltempi de Souza
Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans decreases growth of rice. Inoculation of rice with H. rubrisubalbicans increased the ACCO mRNA levels and ethylene production. The H. rubrisubalbicans rice interactions were further characterized by proteomic approach. Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans is a well-known growth-promoting rhizobacteria that can also act as a mild phyto-pathogen. During colonisation of rice, RT-qPCR analyses showed that H. rubrisubalbicans up-regulates the methionine recycling pathway as well as phyto-siderophore synthesis genes...
August 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673999/rsma-and-amrz-orchestrate-the-assembly-of-all-three-type-vi-secretion-systems-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#18
Luke P Allsopp, Thomas E Wood, Sophie A Howard, Federica Maggiorelli, Laura M Nolan, Sarah Wettstadt, Alain Filloux
The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a weapon of bacterial warfare and host cell subversion. The Gram-negative pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa has three T6SSs involved in colonization, competition, and full virulence. H1-T6SS is a molecular gun firing seven toxins, Tse1-Tse7, challenging survival of other bacteria and helping P. aeruginosa to prevail in specific niches. The H1-T6SS characterization was facilitated through studying a P. aeruginosa strain lacking the RetS sensor, which has a fully active H1-T6SS, in contrast to the parent...
July 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667634/quantitative-determination-of-anti-bacterial-activity-during-bacterial-co-culture
#19
Juliana Alcoforado Diniz, Birte Hollmann, Sarah J Coulthurst
Anti-bacterial activity assays are an important tool in the assessment of the ability of one bacterium to kill or inhibit the growth of another, for example during the study of the Type VI secretion system (T6SS) and the anti-bacterial toxins it secretes. The method we describe here can detect the ability of a bacterial strain to kill or inhibit other bacterial cells in a contact-dependent manner when co-cultured on an agar surface. It is particularly useful since it enumerates the recovery of viable target cells and thus enables quantification of the anti-bacterial activity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667632/monitoring-effector-translocation-using-the-tem-1-beta-lactamase-reporter-system
#20
Julie Allombert, Anne Vianney, Xavier Charpentier
Among the bacterial secretion systems, the Type III, IV, and VI secretion systems enable bacteria to secrete proteins directly into a target cell. This specific form of secretion, referred to as translocation, is essential for a number of pathogens to alter or kill targeted cells. The translocated proteins, called effector proteins, can directly interfere with the normal processes of the targeted cells, preventing elimination of pathogens and promoting their multiplication. The function of effector proteins varies greatly depending on the considered pathogen and the targeted cell...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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