keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neuropeptide S receptor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775703/ultrastructural-characterization-of-corticotropin-releasing-factor-and-neuropeptide-y-in-the-rat-locus-coeruleus-anatomical-evidence-for-putative-interactions
#1
Catherine C Theisen, Beverly A S Reyes, E L Sabban, Elisabeth J Van Bockstaele
As a neurochemical mediator of stress resilience, NPY has been shown to oppose excitatory effects of the pro-stress neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). Previous studies have described the anatomical organization of NPY and CRF in the central nucleus of the amygdala, which sends CRF projections to the locus coeruleus (LC), activating LC norepinephrine release. However, the cellular substrates for interactions between NPY and CRF in the LC remain unknown. In this study, we investigated these anatomical substrates in the male rat LC, using immunocytochemistry, confocal microscopy, and immunoelectron microscopy to detect NPY and CRF, as well as CRF and Y1 or Y2 receptors (Y1R or Y2R)...
May 15, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772542/regulation-of-feeding-behavior-in-drosophila-through-the-interplay-of-gustation-physiology-and-neuromodulation
#2
Bhumika S, Arvind Kumar Singh
One of the most fundamental behaviors in all the organisms, in order to achieve a satiated state and internal energy homeostasis is feeding. The action of feeding in any being whether be it any vertebrate or an invertebrate involves the perception of the external environment along with the gamut of decision making processes to eat or to not eat. The feeding decision along with chemosensation through gustation and olfaction leads to intake of food with proper nutrient balance along with avoidance of bitter and toxic substances...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738766/development-of-a-novel-photoaffinity-probe-for-labeling-nocistatin-receptor
#3
Masashi Harada, Toshiaki Minami, Seiji Ito, Emiko Okuda-Ashitaka
Nocistatin (NST) is a neuropeptide produced from the same precursor protein of opioid peptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ), and it is involved in a broad range of central functions including pain transmission in the nervous system. However, the composition and structure of the receptor(s) for NST remain unclear. Here, we developed NST photoaffinity probe to identify NST-binding receptor. The NST photoaffinity probe contains an azide moiety for the tagging of the binding protein as well as biotin for protein detection...
May 5, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733985/orexin-a-in-swine-corpus-luteum
#4
G Basini, R Ciccimarra, S Bussolati, S Grolli, L Ragionieri, F Ravanetti, M Botti, F Gazza, A Cacchioli, R Di Lecce, A M Cantoni, F Grasselli
Orexin A (OXA) is a hypothalamic neuropeptide which acts on 2 known G-protein-coupled receptors. It has been demonstrated that OXA is a central molecular link between food intake and reproduction. More recently, its peripheral role has been investigated, and we demonstrated its involvement in regulating ovarian follicle function. The present study was undertaken to explore a potential physiological role of orexin system in swine corpus luteum, a transient ovarian endocrine organ. Our aim was, first, to analyze the localization and eventual colocalization of OXA and its 2 receptors within the different cell types composing the corpus luteum structure...
April 9, 2018: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730398/capa-periviscerokinin-mediated-activation-of-mapk-erk-signaling-through-gq-plc-pkc-dependent-cascade-and-reciprocal-erk-activation-dependent-internalized-kinetics-of-bom-capa-pvk-receptor-2
#5
Zhangfei Shen, Xiaoyuan Yang, Yu Chen, Liangen Shi
Bombyx mori neuropeptide G protein-coupled receptor (BNGR)-A27 is a specific receptor for B. mori capability (CAPA) periviscerokinin (PVK), that is, Bom-CAPA-PVK receptor 2. Upon stimulation of Bom-CAPA-PVK-1 or -PVK-2, Bom-CAPA-PVK receptor 2 significantly increases cAMP-response element-controlled luciferase activity and Ca2+ mobilization in a Gq inhibitor-sensitive manner. However, the underlying mechanism(s) for CAPA/CAPA receptor system mediation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases1/2 (ERK1/2) activation remains to be explained further...
May 3, 2018: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724789/ligand-specific-signaling-profiles-and-resensitization-mechanisms-of-the-neuromedin-u2-receptor
#6
Khaled Alhosaini, Omar Bahattab, Heider Qassam, John Challiss, Gary B Willars
The structurally related, but distinct neuropeptides, neuromedin U (NmU) and neuromedin S (NmS) are ligands of two G protein-coupled NmU receptors (NMU1, NMU2). Hypothalamic NMU2 regulates feeding behavior and energy expenditure and has therapeutic potential as an anti-obesity target, making an understanding of its signaling and regulation of particular interest. NMU2 binds both NmU and NmS with high affinity, resulting in receptor-ligand co-internalization. We have investigated whether receptor trafficking events post-internalization are 'biased' by the ligand bound and can therefore influence signaling function...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723484/investigational-drugs-for-alcohol-use-disorders-a-review-of-preclinical-data
#7
Sarah S Ch'ng, Andrew J Lawrence
Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. In the U.S., only three FDA-approved pharmacotherapies for AUDs currently exist, but at a population level they display poor efficacy, low compliance rates, and adverse side effects. Therefore, identifying novel neurobiological targets for pharmacological treatment of AUDs is of urgent concern. Areas covered: We discuss recent preclinical data on investigational drugs that have been assessed for their therapeutic potential in AUDs...
May 3, 2018: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688813/dual-signaling-of-wamide-myoinhibitory-peptides-through-a-peptide-gated-channel-and-a-gpcr-in-platynereis
#8
Axel Schmidt, Philipp Bauknecht, Elizabeth A Williams, Katrin Augustinowski, Stefan Gründer, Gáspár Jékely
Neuropeptides commonly signal by metabotropic GPCRs. In some mollusks and cnidarians, RFamide neuropeptides mediate fast ionotropic signaling by peptide-gated ion channels that belong to the DEG/ENaC family. Here we describe a neuropeptide system with a dual mode of signaling by both a peptide-gated ion channel and a GPCR. We identified and characterized a peptide-gated channel in the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii that is specifically activated by Wamide myoinhibitory peptides derived from the same proneuropeptide...
April 24, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623520/cgrp-monoclonal-antibodies-for-the-preventative-treatment-of-migraine
#9
REVIEW
Heike Israel, Lars Neeb, Uwe Reuter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: CGRP is a key neuropeptide in migraine pathophysiology. The blockade of the CGRP pathway at the side of the CGRP receptor of the CGRP peptide leads to the interruption of trigeminal nerve system-mediated headache syndromes such as migraine. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) targeting the CGRP pathway have been developed and are currently under investigation for episodic (EM) and chronic migraine (CM) prevention. Here, we report data from these clinical trials. RECENT FINDINGS: Placebo-controlled, randomized double-blind phase studies of CGRP mAbs in episodic and chronic migraine have shown that the specific blockade of the peptide or the CGRP receptor are both powerful mechanisms to reduce migraine frequency...
April 6, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611298/in-vitro-evaluation-of-225-ac-dota-substance-p-for-targeted-alpha-therapy-of-glioblastoma-multiforme
#10
Agnieszka Majkowska-Pilip, Maria Rius, Frank Bruchertseifer, Christos Apostolidis, Mirjam Weis, Milton Bonelli, Marta Laurenza, Leszek Królicki, Alfred Morgenstern
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant form of brain tumors with dismal prognosis despite treatment by surgery combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The neuropeptide Substance P (SP) is the physiological ligand of the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1-R), which is highly expressed in glioblastoma cells. Thus, SP represents a potential ligand for targeted alpha therapy. In this study, a protocol for the synthesis of SP labelled with the alpha emitter225 Ac was developed and binding affinity properties were determined...
April 2, 2018: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559896/neuropeptide-s-counteracts-paradoxical-sleep-deprivation-induced-anxiety-like-behavior-and-sleep-disturbances
#11
Jun-Fan Xie, Yu-Feng Shao, Hai-Liang Wang, Can Wang, Guang-Fu Cui, Xiang-Pan Kong, Lin-Xin Wang, Yu-Nong Chen, Chao-Yu Cong, Hai-Lin Chen, Yi-Ping Hou
Disturbed sleep is a common subjective complaint among individuals with anxiety disorders. Sleep deprivation increases general and specific anxiety symptoms among healthy individuals. The amygdala is critical for regulating anxiety and also involved in mediating the effects of emotions on sleep. Neuropeptide S (NPS) and NPS receptors (NPSR) are reported as a novel endogenous arousal and anxiolytic system, but it is unclear yet whether this system is involved in anxiety-like behavior and sleep caused by sleep deprivation, and how it plays anxiolytic effect underlying the comorbid condition...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536279/pacap-and-migraine-headache-immunomodulation-of-neural-circuits-in-autonomic-ganglia-and-brain-parenchyma
#12
James A Waschek, Serapio M Baca, Simon Akerman
The discovery that intravenous (IV) infusions of the neuropeptide PACAP-38 (pituitary adenylyl cyclase activating peptide-38) induced delayed migraine-like headaches in a large majority of migraine patients has resulted in considerable excitement in headache research. In addition to suggesting potential therapeutic targets for migraine, the finding provides an opportunity to better understand the pathological events from early events (aura) to the headache itself. Although PACAP-38 and the closely related peptide VIP (vasoactive intestinal peptide) are well-known as vasoactive molecules, the dilation of cranial blood vessels per se is no longer felt to underlie migraine headaches...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487539/impact-of-air-exposure-on-vasotocinergic-and-isotocinergic-systems-in-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata-new-insights-on-fish-stress-response
#13
Arleta K Skrzynska, Elisabetta Maiorano, Marco Bastaroli, Fatemeh Naderi, Jesús M Míguez, Gonzalo Martínez-Rodríguez, Juan M Mancera, Juan A Martos-Sitcha
The hypothalamus-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) and hypothalamus-sympathetic-chromaffin cell (HSC) axes are involved in the regulation of the stress response in teleost. In this regard, the activation of a complex network of endocrine players is needed, including corticotrophin-releasing hormone (Crh), Crh binding protein (Crhbp), proopiomelanocortin (Pomc), thyrotropin-releasing hormone (Trh), arginine vasotocin (Avt), and isotocin (It) to finally produce pleiotropic functions. We aimed to investigate, using the gilthead sea bream ( Sparus aurata ) as a biological model, the transcriptomic response of different endocrine factors ( crh, crhbp, pomc s, trh ), neuropeptides ( avt and it ), and their specific receptors ( avtrv1a, avtrv2 , and itr ) in four important target tissues (hypothalamus, pituitary, kidney and liver), after an acute stress situation...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481734/the-neuropeptide-orexin-a-search-for-its-possible-role-in-regulation-of-steroidogenesis-in-adult-mice-testes
#14
D Joshi, S K Singh
Orexin A, a hypothalamic neuropeptide, regulates food intake and sleep-wake cycle by binding to orexin receptor 1. Besides brain, orexin A and orexin receptor 1 are also present in peripheral organs. In our earlier studies, localization and expression of orexin A and orexin receptor 1 have been shown in adult mouse testis, and further their role in testicular development in neonatal mouse was also demonstrated. In this study, role of orexin A and orexin receptor 1 in the testis of adult mouse by blocking binding of orexin A to orexin receptor 1 using an orexin receptor 1 antagonist, SB-334867, was investigated under in vivo and ex vivo conditions...
February 26, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462275/excitation-of-cortical-nnos-nk1r-neurons-by-hypocretin-1-is-independent-of-sleep-homeostasis
#15
Rhîannan H Williams, Sarah W Black, Alexia M Thomas, Juliette Piquet, Bruno Cauli, Thomas S Kilduff
We have proposed that cortical nNOS/NK1R interneurons have a role in sleep homeostasis. The hypocretins (orexins) are wake-promoting neuropeptides and hypocretin/orexin (Hcrt) neurons project to the cortex. Hcrt peptides affect deep layer cortical neurons, and Hcrt receptor 1 (Hcrtr1; Ox1r) mRNA is expressed in cortical nNOS/NK1R cells. Therefore, we investigated whether Hcrt neuron stimulation affects cingulate cortex nNOS/NK1R neurons. Bath application of HCRT1/orexin-A evoked an inward current and membrane depolarization in most nNOS/NK1R cells which persisted in tetrodotoxin; optogenetic stimulation of Hcrt terminals expressing channelrhodopsin-2 confirmed these results, and pharmacological studies determined that HCRTR1 mediated these responses...
February 16, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410310/associations-between-oxytocin-receptor-gene-oxtr-methylation-plasma-oxytocin-and-attachment-across-adulthood
#16
Natalie C Ebner, Tian Lin, Melis Muradoglu, Devon H Weir, Gabriela M Plasencia, Travis S Lillard, Hossein Pournajafi-Nazarloo, Ronald A Cohen, C Sue Carter, Jessica J Connelly
The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has been implicated in a wide range of affiliative processes. OT exerts its functions via OT receptors, which are encoded by the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR). Epigenetic modification of OXTR through the process of DNA methylation has been associated with individual differences in behavioral phenotypes. Specifically, lower levels of OXTR methylation have been linked to better social and affective functioning. However, research on epigenetic mechanisms of OXTR is scarce in non-clinical populations, and even less is known about epigenetic variability across adulthood...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396376/calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-is-a-potent-inducer-of-oedema-in-rat-orofacial-tissue
#17
Bárbara F G de Queiroz, Marcella P A de Almeida, Y S Bakhle, Janetti N Francischi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed to assess the potential of calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP), a neuropeptide released from sensory nerves, to induce oedema in orofacial tissue. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Wistar rats (150-200 g) anesthetized with isoflurane were injected intraorally with CGRP (100 μl; 8-33 pmol) in the right side of the mouth. The contralateral side was injected with the same volume of physiological saline. Increased cheek thickness (in mm), as a measure of oedema formation, was assayed bilaterally with a digital caliper before (T = 0) and up to 24 h following injection of CGRP...
April 2018: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384453/three-members-of-a-peptide-family-are-differentially-distributed-and-elicit-differential-state-dependent-responses-in-a-pattern-generator-effector-system
#18
Patsy S Dickinson, Matthew K Armstrong, Evyn S Dickinson, Rebecca Fernandez, Alexandra Miller, Sovannarath Pong, Brian Powers, Alixander Pupo Wiss, Meredith E Stanhope, Patrick J Walsh, Teerawat Wiwatpanit, Andrew E Christie
C-type allatostatins (AST-Cs) are pleiotropic neuropeptides that are broadly conserved within arthropods; the presence of three AST-C isoforms, encoded by paralog genes, is common. However, these peptides are hypothesized to act through a single receptor, thereby exerting similar bioactivities within each species. We investigated this hypothesis in the American lobster, Homarus americanus, mapping the distributions of AST-C isoforms within relevant regions of the nervous system and digestive tract, and comparing their modulatory influences on the cardiac neuromuscular system...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367257/binding-mode-of-the-peptide-yy-carboxyterminus-to-the-human-y2-receptor
#19
Bo Xu, Silvana Vasile, Soren Ostergaard, Johan F Paulsson, Jasna Pruner, Johan Aqvist, Birgitte S Wulff, Hugo Gutierrez-de-Teran, Dan Larhammar
Understanding the agonist-receptor interactions in the neuropeptide Y (NPY)/peptide YY (PYY) signaling system is fundamental for the design of novel modulators of appetite regulation. We report here a binding model for the native peptide agonist PYY to the human Y2 receptor based on computational and in vitro pharmacological analyses. The Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations yielded a conserved binding orientation for the full PYY and five analogues truncated at the amino terminus, which were pharmacologically characterized...
January 24, 2018: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367160/gas-phase-structural-characterization-of-neuropeptides-y-y1-receptor-antagonists-using-mass-spectrometry-orbitrap-vs-triple-quadrupole
#20
Eduarda M P Silva, Pedro A M M Varandas, Tânia Melo, Cristina Barros, Inês S Alencastre, Luísa Barreiros, Pedro Domingues, Meriem Lamghari, M Rosário M Domingues, Marcela A Segundo
Collision induced dissociation of triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (CID-QqQ) and high-energy collision dissociation (HCD) of Orbitrap were compared for four neuropeptides Y Y1 (NPY Y1) receptor antagonists and showed similar qualitative fragmentation and structural information. Orbitrap high resolution and high mass accuracy HCD fragmentation spectra allowed unambiguous identification of product ions in the range 0.04-4.25 ppm. Orbitrap mass spectrometry showed abundant analyte-specific product ions also observed on CID-QqQ...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
keyword
keyword
34627
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"