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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934628/the-heat-exposure-integrated-deprivation-index-heidi-a-data-driven-approach-to-quantifying-neighborhood-risk-during-extreme-hot-weather
#1
Nikolas Krstic, Weiran Yuchi, Hung Chak Ho, Blake B Walker, Anders J Knudby, Sarah B Henderson
Mortality attributable to extreme hot weather is a growing concern in many urban environments, and spatial heat vulnerability indexes are often used to identify areas at relatively higher and lower risk. Three indexes were developed for greater Vancouver, Canada using a pool of 20 potentially predictive variables categorized to reflect social vulnerability, population density, temperature exposure, and urban form. One variable was chosen from each category: an existing deprivation index, senior population density, apparent temperature, and road density, respectively...
September 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934515/utility-of-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-panel-for-myelodysplastic-syndrome-in-evaluation-of-cytopenia-in-a-pediatric-hospital-a-5-year-retrospective-review-and-utilization-management
#2
Cynthia T Bunting, Tal Senior, Yehuda Susson, Alethia Rivera, Debra Saxe, Silvia T Bunting
Background: MDS FISH was routinely ordered together with chromosome analysis for patients with cytopenia in our hospital. The utility of MDS FISH in the pediatric population is unknown. Objective: To analyze the utility of fluorescence in situ hybridization panel for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS FISH) in the management of patients with cytopenia. Methods: We performed a retrospective review over a 5-year period, from 2009 to 2014 to determine whether chromosome analysis (CA) plus MDS FISH added useful information compared to chromosome analysis alone...
August 1, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934100/differences-in-the-movement-skills-and-physical-qualities-of-elite-senior-academy-rugby-league-players
#3
Matthew R E Ireton, Kevin Till, Dan Weaving, Ben Jones
The aim of the present study was to investigate (a) the differences in the movement skills and physical qualities between academy and senior rugby league players, and (b) the relationships between movement skills and physical qualities. Fifty-five male rugby league players (Senior, n=18; Under 19 n=23; Under 16, n=14) undertook a physical testing battery including anthropometric (stature & body mass), strength (isometric mid-thigh pull; IMTP) and power (countermovement jump; CMJ) qualities, alongside the athletic ability assessment (AAA; comprised of overhead squat, double lunge, single-leg Romanian deadlift, press-up and pull-up exercises)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934005/risk-assessment-of-dietary-exposure-to-phytosterol-oxidation-products-from-baked-food-in-china
#4
Yinzhou Hu, Mengmeng Wang, Weisu Huang, Guoliang Yang, Tiantian Lou, Shiyun Lai, Baiyi Lu, Lufei Zheng
Phytosterols are nutritional phytochemicals that may undergo oxidation and be transformed into phytosterol oxidation products (POPs), thus inducing pathological and toxic effects. This work investigated 4 main phytosterols and 28 POPs in 104 kinds of commercial baked food by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The dietary exposure and hazard index values (HI) associated with POPs from baked food consumption in China were estimated by using Monte Carlo simulation. Concentrations of the total phytosterols were between 3...
September 21, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933869/do-alcohol-use-reasons-and-contexts-differentiate-adolescent-high-intensity-drinking-data-from-u-s-high-school-seniors-2005-2016
#5
Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, Stephanie A Stern, Megan E Patrick
The purpose of this study was to examine associations between (a) self-reported reasons for and contexts of alcohol use and (b) high-intensity drinking (i.e., having 10+ drinks in a row in the past 2 weeks) among national samples of U.S. 12th grade students. Data were obtained from 16,902 students who reported any past 12-month alcohol use from nationally representative annual 12th grade student samples from 2005-2016. When asked about drinking behavior during the past 2 weeks, 72% reported consuming less than 5 drinks at most during 1 drinking occasion; 14% reported 5-9 drinks, 7% reported 10-14 drinks, and 7% reported 15+ drinks...
September 21, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933611/optimal-frequency-time-combination-of-whole-body-vibration-training-for-developing-physical-performance-of-people-with-sarcopenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Ning Wei, Marco Yc Pang, Shamay Sm Ng, Gabriel Yf Ng
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether frequency and exposure time to whole body vibration influenced its effects on physical performance in seniors with sarcopenia. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial Setting: A university sports training laboratory. SUBJECTS: Eighty community dwelling seniors with sarcopenia were recruited. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly divided into 4 groups, namely, low-frequency (LG: 20Hz x 720s), medium-frequency (MG: 40Hz x 360s), high-frequency (HG: 60Hz x 240s) and control (CG: no extra training) for 12 weeks of whole body vibration training and 12 weeks of follow-up...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933577/development-of-a-phenomenologically-derived-method-to-assess-affective-learning-in-student-journals-following-impactive-educational-experiences
#7
Gary D Rogers, Amary Mey, Pit Cheng Chan
BACKGROUND: Assessment of affective learning (AL) is difficult but important, particularly for health professional students, where it is intimately linked to the development of professional values. This study originally aimed to determine whether an emotionally impactive, extended, multimethod, interprofessional simulation experience enhanced the AL of senior medical students, compared to conventional seminars and workshops alone. This necessitated the development of a method to assess for the presence and quality of AL...
September 21, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933229/should-all-acromioclavicular-joint-injections-be-performed-under-image-guidance
#8
S Javed, Z Sadozai, A Javed, A Din, G Schmitgen
INTRODUCTION: Steroid and local anaesthetic injection to the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) is a very common diagnostic and therapeutic procedure, which is often performed in the outpatient department. However, it can be difficult to localize this joint because of its small size, presence of osteophytes and variable morphology in the population. We performed a study to determine whether the use of an image intensifier (X-ray guidance), in theatre, improves the accuracy of this injection...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933198/iatrogenic-injuries-in-percutaneous-pinning-techniques-for-fifth-metacarpal-neck-fractures
#9
Sheriff D Akinleye, Garret Garofolo-Gonzalez, Maya Deza Culbertson, Jack Choueka
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding anatomic structures at risk during closed percutaneous treatment of fifth metacarpal neck fractures. This study evaluates a variety of common percutaneous techniques with the hypothesis that each approach presents unique risks to tendons and neurovascular structures. METHODS: Seven cadaveric hands were used for this study. The senior author, a board-certified hand surgeon with more than 20 years of experience, used a mini-C arm to pass 1...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932135/effectiveness-of-two-interactive-educational-methods-to-teach-tobacco-cessation-counseling-for-senior-dental-students
#10
Mina Ahmadian, Mohammad Reza Khami, Arezoo Ebn Ahamdi, Samaneh Razeghi, Reza Yazdani
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, one of the major health problems in many countries is tobacco use. Dental professionals are in a unique position to promote smoking cessation since they have the opportunity for regular interaction with their patients. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of two educational methods to teach tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) in dental practice for senior dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional study, 93 eligible senior dental students from two dental schools in Tehran, Iran were randomly divided into two groups...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930942/surgical-residents-interpretation-of-diagnostic-radiologic-imaging-in-the-traumatically-injured-patient
#11
Elias Fakhoury, Daria Abolghasemi, Justin McKinney, Alena Naumova, Scott Wessner, Osama Elsawy, Jamshed Zuberi, Robert V Madlinger
BACKGROUND: Senior surgical residents are of paramount importance in directing further therapeutic modalities based on their interpretation of critical diagnostic imaging. We propose that senior surgical residents are proficient with interpreting radiologic imaging studies in the trauma patient. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed comparing surgery resident interpretations of computerized tomography (CT) scans of the head, maxillofacial bones, spine (cervical, thoracic, lumbar), chest, abdomen, pelvis, and chest X-rays versus final radiologists' reports at a level II trauma center from September 2014 to May 2015...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930925/conical-modification-of-forearm-free-flaps-for-single-stage-reconstruction-after-total-orbital-exenteration
#12
Chad A Purnell, Elbert E Vaca, Marco F Ellis
BACKGROUND: Orbital exenteration is a significant reconstructive challenge for plastic surgeons. Options described for these defects range from healing by secondary intention to free tissue transfer. The authors present our preferred reconstruction of orbital defects with free forearm-based flaps, which provides quality soft tissue and orbital contouring in 1 stage to consistently allow placement of bone-anchored implants for eventual orbital prosthesis. METHODS: This conical shape of the orbit is deconstructed into a "Pac-Man" type shaped flap that leaves adequate depth for a prosthesis...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930922/why-and-when-social-support-predicts-older-adults-pain-related-disability-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Marta Matos, Sónia F Bernardes, Liesbet Goubert
Pain-related social support has been shown to be directly associated with pain-related disability, depending on whether it promotes functional autonomy or dependence. However, previous studies mostly relied on cross-sectional methods, precluding conclusions on the temporal relationship between pain-related social support and disability. Also, research on the behavioral and psychological processes that account for such a relationship is scarce. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the following longitudinally: (1) direct effects of social support for functional autonomy/dependence on pain-related disability, (2) mediating role of physical functioning, pain-related self-efficacy, and fear, and (3) whether pain duration and pain intensity moderate such mediating processes...
October 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930856/the-role-of-ultrasonography-in-examination-of-the-stability-of-tile-b2-pelvic-fractures-7-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#14
Bin-Fei Zhang, Hong Zhang, Peng-Fei Wang, Hu Wang, Jin-Lai Lei, Ya-Hui Fu, Yu-Xuan Cong, Hai Huang, Xiao-Ming Huo, Yan Zhuang, Kun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Determining whether a Tile-B2 pelvic fracture is stable is very challenging. We sought to identify the role of ultrasonography in determining the stability of Tile-B2 pelvic fractures. METHODS: We collected the clinical data of patients with Tile-B2 pelvic fractures who presented at Xi'an Hong-Hui Hospital between June 1, 2016, and August 5, 2016. The treatment strategy of each patient was determined by a team of senior surgeons in the department. A single sinologist observed the movement of the fracture sites in patients during rest, under compression, and during separation to determine fracture stability...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930365/duration-and-quality-of-sleep-among-canadians-aged-18-to-79
#15
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Suzy L Wong, Isabelle Michaud
This article provides recent estimates of the duration and quality of sleep of Canadian adults and of the percentage who adhere to sleep duration guidelines (7 to 9 hours per night at ages 18 to 64, and 7 to 8 hours per night at age 65 or older). The study is based on 10,976 respondents aged 18 to 79 from the 2007-to-2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey. Sleep duration and quality were self-reported. Mean sleep duration was 7.12 hours per night at ages 18 to 64 and 7...
September 20, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930364/nutritional-risk-hospitalization-and-mortality-among-community-dwelling-canadians-aged-65-or-older
#16
Pamela L Ramage-Morin, Heather Gilmour, Michelle Rotermann
BACKGROUND: Nutritional risk has been associated with various negative health outcomes among older people. Limited longitudinal research has examined the relationship between nutritional risk and hospitalization and death in community-dwelling older people. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the 2008/2009 Canadian Community Health Survey-Healthy Aging (CCHS-HA) linked to the Discharge Abstract Database and the Canadian Mortality Database were used to estimate the prevalence of nutritional risk among seniors and examine its relationship with acute care hospitalization and death during the 25- to 36-month period following the CCHS-HA interview...
September 20, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930058/a-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-the-efficacy-of-a-brief-online-alcohol-intervention-for-high-school-seniors
#17
Diana M Doumas, Susan Esp, Brian Flay, Laura Bond
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized controlled study was to examine the efficacy of a brief, web-based personalized feedback intervention (the eCHECKUP TO GO) on alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences among high school seniors. METHOD: Participants (n = 221) were high school seniors randomized by class period to either a brief, web-based personalized feedback intervention (the eCHECKUP TO GO) or an assessment-only control group. Participants completed online surveys at baseline and at a 6-week follow-up...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929943/formal-alternative-transportation-options-for-older-adults-an-assessment-of-need
#18
Joshua J Turner, Carolyn E Adams-Price, Lesley Strawderman
Although older adults are typically able to drive well into older adulthood, health and cognitive deficits can eventually make older motorists a danger to themselves and others. There is a need for increased senior-focused transportation options, yet implementation of such programs is problematic due to an uncertainty about which groups are in most need of services. This study measured the perceived need for formal alternative modes of transportation among older adults. Using data from a nationwide survey, this study applies the traditional factors of the Behavioral Model to measure the perceived need for formal transportation services among survey participants, while also examining the relationship between service awareness and perceived need for formal transportation services...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929890/greening-healthcare-at-muskoka-algonquin-healthcare
#19
Debra Stone
Waste diversion is fundamental to reducing the ecological footprint. Until 2012, waste generated by Muskoka Algonquin Healthcare (MAHC) was not incorporated into any formal waste diversion efforts. In 2012, the Reduce, Recycle, Waste Diversion Program was initiated. Support for the program was endorsed by the senior leadership team, staff, and the community, and incorporated into the strategic plan, which was instrumental in the program's success. The goal of the waste diversion program was to help MAHC work towards a sustainable future and make MAHC a leading hospital in making responsible environmental choices...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929855/the-patients-as-partners-movement-and-the-emerging-health-leader
#20
Melinda Young
Over the past decade, the Patients as Partners Movement has spread throughout healthcare systems across Canada. This movement aims to overcome the paternalistic approach, where the system and its providers act for or deliver services to the patient. Instead, decision-making at all levels is to be shared with the patient. Delivering patient- and family-centred care is the goal of the Patients as Partners Movement and authentic engagement is at its core. This article aims to explore the link between the Patients as Partners Movement and authentic engagement...
May 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
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