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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922210/comparison-between-thoracic-radiographic-findings-and-postmortem-diagnosis-of-thoracic-diseases-in-dyspneic-companion-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#1
Virginie Fouriez-Lablée, Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Philip H Kass, Allison L Zwingenberger
Companion rats are often presented to veterinarians for respiratory difficulties. Dyspnea in rats is most commonly due to infectious pneumonia, and thoracic neoplasia can go undiagnosed ante mortem due to a mistaken interpretation of pneumonia. In domestic carnivores, pulmonary nodular patterns have been shown to correlate with lung neoplastic diseases and infectious diseases. The main objective of this retrospective case series study was to determine whether certain radiographic criteria could be correlated with the presence of thoracic infectious disease and neoplastic disease in companion rats...
December 6, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917512/a-re-audit-of-the-technical-quality-of-undergraduate-root-canal-treatment-after-the-introduction-of-new-technology-and-teaching-practices
#2
A Donnelly, D Coffey, H F Duncan
AIM: To revaluate through re-audit the technical quality of undergraduate non-surgical root canal treatment (RCTx) in a dental teaching hospital as a result of recommended changes to teaching practices. METHODOLOGY: The technical quality of undergraduate RCTx was evaluated radiographically after educational changes and the mandatory introduction of new technologies (nickel-titanium files, apex locators, greater-taper gutta-percha points) in 182 root canals. Evaluation was based on 4 criteria; presence of voids, root canal filling termination (0-2mm of radiographic apex), all roots filled and the prepared canal contained the original anatomy...
December 5, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917209/left-ventricular-systolic-function-in-sickle-cell-anaemia-an-echocardiographic-evaluation-in-adult-nigerian-patients
#3
Emmanuel Ejim, Nelson Oguanobi
BACKGROUND: Reliable diagnostic measures for the evaluation of left ventricular systolic performance in the setting of altered myocardial loading characteristics in sickle cell anaemia remains unresolved. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to assess left ventricular systolic function in adult sickle cell patients using non-invasive endsystolic stress - end-systolic volume index ratio. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional comparative study was done using 52 patients recruited at the adult sickle cell anaemia clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909773/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-fetal-pelvic-cysts
#4
REVIEW
Styliani Archontaki, Yvan Vial, Sylviane Hanquinet, Reto Meuli, Leonor Alamo
The detection of fetal anomalies has improved in the last years as a result of the generalization of ultrasound pregnancy screening exams. The presence of a cystic imaging in the fetal pelvis is a relatively common finding, which can correspond to a real congenital cystic lesion or result from the anomalous liquid accumulation in a whole pelvic organ, mainly the urinary bladder, the uterus, or the vagina. In selected cases with poor prognosis and/or inconclusive echographic findings, magnetic resonance may bring additional information in terms of the characterization, anatomical location, and real extension of the pathology...
December 1, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909269/chaperones-and-intimate-physical-examinations-what-do-male-and-female-patients-want
#5
V C Fan, H T Choy, G Yj Kwok, H G Lam, Q Y Lim, Y Y Man, C K Tang, C C Wong, Y F Yu, G Kk Leung
INTRODUCTION: Many studies of patients' perception of a medical chaperone have focused on female patients; that of male patients are less well studied. Moreover, previous studies were largely based on patient populations in English-speaking countries. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the perception and attitude of male and female Chinese patients to the presence of a chaperone during an intimate physical examination. METHODS: A cross-sectional guided questionnaire survey was conducted on a convenient sample of 150 patients at a public teaching hospital in Hong Kong...
December 2, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902380/antimicrobial-resistance-profiling-and-molecular-typing-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-isolated-from-a-malaysian-teaching-hospital
#6
Ainihayati Noordin, Hassriana Fazzila Sapri, Nurul Azirah Mohamad Sani, Shih Kei Leong, Xin-Ee Tan, Toh Leong Tan, Noraziah Mohamad Zin, Hui-Min Neoh, Salasawati Hussin
The annual prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Malaysia has been estimated to be at 30-40% of all S. aureus infections. Nevertheless, data on the antimicrobial resistance and genetic diversity of Malaysian MRSAs remain few. In 2009, we collected 318 MRSA strains from various wards of our teaching hospital located in Kuala Lumpur, the capital city of Malaysia, and performed antimicrobial susceptibility testing on the strains. The strains were then molecularly characterized via SCCmec and virulence gene (cna, sea, seb, sec, sed, see, seg, seh, sei, eta, etb, PVL and TSST-1) typing; a subset of 49 strains isolated from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) were also typed using Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE)...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893901/the-lived-experience-of-nursing-faculty-in-a-dedicated-education-unit
#7
Deborah A DeMeester
BACKGROUND: The dedicated education unit (DEU) was developed as an innovation to increase enrollment capacity and secure stable clinical placement sites in units that provide an optimal learning environment. The purpose of this multisite study was to describe, interpret, and offer insight into the meanings of the lived experiences of nursing faculty who had transitioned to teaching in a DEU. METHOD: Semistructured private interviews were conducted using an interpretive phenomenological approach...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890336/complications-and-revision-amputation-following-trauma-related-lower-limb-loss
#8
Eric Edison Low, Elizabeth Inkellis, Saam Morshed
INTRODUCTION: Trauma-related amputations are a common cause of limb loss in the United States. Despite the military and public health impact of trauma-related amputations, distributions of various lower limb amputations and the relative frequency of complications and revision amputations have not been well described. We used the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) in order to investigate the epidemiology of trauma-related lower extremity amputations among civilians in U.S. trauma centers...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886412/cowden-syndrome-serendipitous-diagnosis-in-patients-with-significant-breast-disease-case-series-and-literature-review
#9
Roisin M Heaney, Michael Farrell, Maurice Stokes, Tom Gorey, Dylan Murray
Cowden syndrome (CS) is a multi-system disease that carries an increased lifetime risk of developing certain cancers as well as benign neoplasms. The presence of features of CS in the general unaffected population results in difficulties in the recognition and diagnosis of this condition. Early diagnosis is essential to prevent the development of malignant neoplasms, yet despite the introduction of diagnostic criteria and risk calculators, accurate diagnosis remains a challenge. We identified three patients who presented to the symptomatic breast unit of a University Teaching Hospital over a period of 12 weeks who subsequently were diagnosed with CS...
November 25, 2016: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884577/low-pressure-pericardial-tamponade-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Brooks M Walsh, Lauren A Tobias
BACKGROUND: Focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) is accurate for determining the presence of a pericardial effusion. Using FoCUS to evaluate for pericardial tamponade, however, is more involved. Many experts teach that tamponade is unlikely if the inferior vena cava (IVC) shows respiratory variation and is not distended. CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old woman presented to the emergency department (ED) with severe orthostatic hypotension, exertional dyspnea, and hypoxia...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884211/plasma-glutamine-levels-before-cardiac-surgery-are-related-to-post-surgery-infections-an-observational-study
#11
Hanneke Buter, Matty Koopmans, Ramses Kemperman, Lilian Jekel, Christiaan Boerma
BACKGROUND: A low plasma glutamine level was found in 34% of patients after elective cardiothoracic surgery. This could be a result of the inflammation caused by surgical stress or the use of extracorporeal circulation (ECC). But it is also possible that plasma glutamine levels were already lowered before surgery and reflect an impaired metabolic state and a higher likelihood to develop complications. In the present study plasma glutamine levels were measured before and after cardiac surgery and we questioned whether there is a relation between plasma glutamine levels and duration of ECC and the occurrence of postoperative infections...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880882/the-regularity-game-investigating-linguistic-rule-dynamics-in-a-population-of-interacting-agents
#12
Christine Cuskley, Claudio Castellano, Francesca Colaiori, Vittorio Loreto, Martina Pugliese, Francesca Tria
Rules are an efficient feature of natural languages which allow speakers to use a finite set of instructions to generate a virtually infinite set of utterances. Yet, for many regular rules, there are irregular exceptions. There has been lively debate in cognitive science about how individual learners acquire rules and exceptions; for example, how they learn the past tense of preach is preached, but for teach it is taught. However, for most population or language-level models of language structure, particularly from the perspective of language evolution, the goal has generally been to examine how languages evolve stable structure, and neglects the fact that in many cases, languages exhibit exceptions to structural rules...
November 20, 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876968/detection-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-small-ruminants-in-chennai-using-pcr-and-modified-direct-agglutination-test
#13
Ajay Suryakant Satbige, M Vijaya Bharathi, P I Ganesan, C Sreekumar, C Rajendran
A total of 193 sera samples, along with tissues (lung, heart, and brain) collected from 136 sheep and 57 goats from the Corporation slaughter house, Madras Veterinary College teaching hospital, and private mutton shops from Chennai were tested for Toxoplasma gondii. All the sera samples were tested using modified direct agglutination test. Of the 193 sera samples, 57 (29.5 %) had a minimum titre of 1:20, with 30.14 % (41/136) of sheep and 28.07 % (16/57) of goats being seropositive. Tissue samples from all 193 animals, when subjected to B1 based PCR to detect T...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876296/pathogenic-features-of-clinically-significant-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-in-hospital-and-community-infections-in-benin
#14
Chimène Nanoukon, Xavier Argemi, Frédéric Sogbo, Jeanne Orekan, Daniel Keller, Dissou Affolabi, Frédéric Schramm, Philippe Riegel, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Gilles Prévost
In West Africa, very little consideration has been given to coagulase negative Staphylococci (CNS). Herein, we describe the features contributing to the pathogenicity of 99 clinically-significant independent CNS isolates associated with infections encountered at the National Teaching Hospital Center of Cotonou (Benin). The pathogenic potentials of nosocomial strains were compared with community strains. S. haemolyticus (44%), S. epidermidis (22%) and S. hominis (7%) were the most frequently isolated while bacteremia (66...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871548/sevoflurane-attenuates-platelets-activation-of-patients-undergoing-lung-cancer-surgery-and-suppresses-platelets-induced-invasion-of-lung-cancer-cells
#15
Hua Liang, Cheng Xiang Yang, Bin Zhang, Zhen Long Zhao, Ji Ying Zhong, Xian Jie Wen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Platelets play a pivotal role in metastasis of tumor cells. The aim of this study is to explore the effects of sevoflurane and isoflurane on platelets activation of patients undergoing lung cancer surgery, and the effects of sevoflurane and isoflurane on platelets-induced invasion of lung cancer cells. DESIGN: Prospective and randomized study, and in vitro experiment. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital and laboratory...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867136/pediatric-orthopedic-surgery-in-humanitarian-aid
#16
REVIEW
Jérôme Sales de Gauzy
Pediatric orthopedic surgery in humanitarian aid is conducted mainly in cooperation with emerging countries. Each mission is different, and depends on numerous parameters such as the country, the frequency of such missions, the pathologies encountered, the local structure and team, and the non-governmental organization (NGO) involved. Pathologies vary in etiology (tuberculosis, poliomyelitis) and severity. Each mission requires the presence of an experienced surgeon. Working conditions are often rudimentary...
November 17, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865003/capturing-early-signs-of-deterioration-the-dutch-early-nurse-worry-indicator-score-denwis-and-its-value-in-the-rapid-response-system
#17
Gooske Douw, Getty Huisman-de Waal, Arthur R H van Zanten, Johannes G van der Hoeven, Lisette Schoonhoven
OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictive value of individual and combined DENWIS-indicators at various Early-Warning-Score (EWS)-levels, differentiating between EWSs reaching the trigger-threshold to call an RRT and EWS-levels not reaching this point. INTRODUCTION: DENWIS comprises nine indicators underlying nurses' 'worry' about a patients' condition. All indicators independently show significant association with unplanned Intensive-Care/High-Dependency-Unit (ICU/HDU)-admission or unexpected mortality...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823373/clinical-features-and-pathological-joint-changes-in-dogs-with-erosive-immune-mediated-polyarthritis-13-cases-2004-2012
#18
Magen L Shaughnessy, Susannah J Sample, Carter Abicht, Caitlin Heaton, Peter Muir
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical features and pathological joint changes in dogs with erosive immune-mediated polyarthritis (IMPA). DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 13 dogs with erosive IMPA and 66 dogs with nonerosive IMPA. PROCEDURES The medical record database of a veterinary teaching hospital was reviewed to identify dogs with IMPA that were examined between October 2004 and December 2012. For each IMPA-affected dog, information extracted from the medical record included signalment, diagnostic test results, radiographic findings, and treatments administered...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817170/hospital-pharmacists-seen-through-the-eyes-of-physicians-qualitative-semi-structured-interviews
#19
Clare Béchet, Renaud Pichon, André Giordan, Pascal Bonnabry
Background Pharmacist-physician collaboration can lead to many positive outcomes. However, collaboration between healthcare providers is complex and rarely performed optimally. Objectives To study physician-pharmacist collaboration in hospital settings, from the physician's point of view. Setting Eight regional non-teaching hospital facilities, within a local area of northwest Switzerland, supplied by an independent central pharmacy. Method Physicians were sampled using a maximal variation purposive method...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813630/anatomical-study-of-the-renal-excretory-system-in-pigs-a-review-of-its-characteristics-as-compared-to-its-human-counterpart
#20
Fabián A Gomez, Luis E Ballesteros, Hernando Y Estupiñán
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of thepyelocalyceal systemin the pig as an experimental model, there is little information about this particular anatomical subject. We determined the morphological characteristics of the renal excretory system in pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study evaluated 130 pairs of kidneys of pigs destined to slaughter. Thepyelocalyceal systemwas subjected to injection technique - corrosion by infusion ofpolyester resin (85% Palatal and 15% styrene) and subsequent infusion in KOH (potassium hydroxide) for 10 days...
November 4, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
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