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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053758/sex-differences-in-long-term-mortality-among-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-results-from-the-isar-risk-and-art-studies
#1
Romy Ubrich, Petra Barthel, Bernhard Haller, Katerina Hnatkova, Katharina Maria Huster, Alexander Steger, Alexander Müller, Marek Malik, Georg Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates in females who survived acute myocardial infarction (AMI) exceed those in males. Differences between sexes in age, cardiovascular risk factors and revascularization therapy have been proposed as possible reasons. OBJECTIVE: To select sets of female and male patients comparable in respect of relevant risk factors in order to compare the sex-specific risk in a systematic manner. METHODS: Data of the ISAR-RISK and ART studies were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053746/external-auditory-exostoses-and-hearing-loss-in-the-shanidar-1-neandertal
#2
Erik Trinkaus, Sébastien Villotte
The Late Pleistocene Shanidar 1 older adult male Neandertal is known for the crushing fracture of his left orbit with a probable reduction in vision, the loss of his right forearm and hand, and evidence of an abnormal gait, as well as probable diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. He also exhibits advanced external auditory exostoses in his left auditory meatus and larger ones with complete bridging across the porus in the right meatus (both Grade 3). These growths indicate at least unilateral conductive hearing (CHL) loss, a serious sensory deprivation for a Pleistocene hunter-gatherer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053387/facebook-false-self-presentation-behaviors-and-negative-mental-health
#3
Elizabeth J Wright, Katherine M White, Patricia L Obst
As research examining what constitutes Facebook false self-presentation is lacking, the aim of this study was to develop a preliminary inventory of Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as identify predictors and possible outcomes. Participants (N = 211) completed questions regarding frequency of engagement in Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as self-esteem, social influences, motivation strategies, well-being, depression, anxiety, and stress. Results indicated the presence of two distinct false self-presentation behaviors: lying (e...
October 20, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052951/basic-self-disturbance-neurocognition-and-metacognition-a-pilot-study-among-help-seeking-adolescents-with-and-without-attenuated-psychosis-syndrome
#4
Dan Koren, Ravit Scheyer, Noa Reznik, Merav Adres, Alan Apter, Josef Parnas, Larry J Seidman
AIM: The goal of this pilot study was to assess the association between basic self-disturbance (SD) and deficits in neurocognitive and metacognitive functioning among help-seeking adolescents with and without attenuated psychosis syndrome (APS). METHODS: Sixty-one non-psychotic, help-seeking adolescents (age 13-18) were assessed with the examination of anomalous self-experience, the structured interview for prodromal syndromes and a new metacognitive approach to neurocognitive assessment applied to two non-social (executive functions and verbal memory) and two social (theory of mind and emotion recognition) domains...
October 20, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052431/factors-influencing-professional-help-seeking-for-suicidality
#5
Jin Han, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Rebecca Randall
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the majority of people with suicidality do not seek help. Little systematic evaluation of factors influencing professional help-seeking has been done. AIMS: To systematically evaluate the factors that influence professional help-seeking for suicidality. METHOD: Published quantitative and qualitative studies in Medline and PsycInfo databases were reviewed following PRISMA. RESULTS: In all, 55 relevant studies were identified...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052021/a-new-approach-to-predict-user-mobility-using-semantic-analysis-and-machine-learning
#6
Roshan Fernandes, Rio D'Souza G L
Mobility prediction is a technique in which the future location of a user is identified in a given network. Mobility prediction provides solutions to many day-to-day life problems. It helps in seamless handovers in wireless networks to provide better location based services and to recalculate paths in Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET). In the present study, a framework is presented which predicts user mobility in presence and absence of mobility history. Naïve Bayesian classification algorithm and Markov Model are used to predict user future location when user mobility history is available...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051742/the-joint-action-effect-on-memory-as-a-social-phenomenon-the-role-of-cued-attention-and-psychological-distance
#7
Ullrich Wagner, Anna Giesen, Judith Knausenberger, Gerald Echterhoff
In contrast to individual tasks, a specific social setting is created when two partners work together on a task. How does such a social setting affect memory for task-related information? We addressed this issue in a distributed joint-action paradigm, where two team partners respond to different types of information within the same task. Previous work has shown that joint action in such a task enhances memory for items that are relevant to the partner's task but not to the own task. By removing critical, non-social confounds, we wanted to pinpoint the social nature of this selective memory advantage...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051028/social-touch-interacts-with-infants-learning-of-auditory-patterns
#8
Casey Lew-Williams, Brock Ferguson, Rana Abu-Zhaya, Amanda Seidl
Infants' experiences are defined by the presence of concurrent streams of perceptual information in social environments. Touch from caregivers is an especially pervasive feature of early development. Using three lab experiments and a corpus of naturalistic caregiver-infant interactions, we examined the relevance of touch in supporting infants' learning of structure in an altogether different modality: audition. In each experiment, infants listened to sequences of sine-wave tones following the same abstract pattern (e...
September 29, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049283/the-impact-of-muscle-relaxation-techniques-on-the-quality-of-life-of-cancer-patients-as-measured-by-the-fact-g-questionnaire
#9
Paula Parás-Bravo, Paloma Salvadores-Fuentes, Cristina Alonso-Blanco, María Paz-Zulueta, Miguel Santibañez-Margüello, Domingo Palacios-Ceña, Ester Boixadera-Planas, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cancer frequently suffer from emotional distress, characterized by psychological symptoms such as anxiety or depression. The presence of psychological symptoms combined with the complex nature of oncology processes can negatively impact patients' quality of life. We aimed to determine the impact of a relaxation protocol on improving quality of life in a sample of oncological patients treated in the Spanish National Public Health System. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter interventional study without a control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048926/kheyr-on-nessa-amoli-an-iranian-lady-physician-in-the-gurkani-court-of-india
#10
Seyyed Alireza Golshani, Ziba Ghafouri, Mohammad Ebrahim Zohalinezhad
The popularity of the science of medicine in the Gurkani Court of India relied on the presence and scientific work of Iranian scholars. Iranian women, like men, enjoyed this area of science and were also actively involved in social issues. The remarkable participation of Iranian female physicians in some medical fields, such as issues and care in pregnancy, child-bearing, and baby care, is among their scientific contributions to the changes and growing trends in medicine. These affairs were monopolized by women who held this knowledge for centuries...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048554/social-risk-and-resilience-factors-in-adolescent-chronic-pain-examining-the-role-of-parents-and-peers
#11
Alexandra C Ross, Laura E Simons, Amanda B Feinstein, Isabel A Yoon, Rashmi P Bhandari
Objective: The current study focuses on social risk and resilience in an adolescent population with chronic pain. Prior research identifies parental cognitions and behaviors as influential in youths' experiences of chronic pain and pain-related disability. Adolescent development is characterized by greater autonomy from parents and an increased emphasis on peer relationships. Study aims explore the potential protective effect of high-quality adolescent peer relationships on associations between parent and adolescent cognitive and behavioral responses to pain...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047315/in-the-presence-of-conflicting-gaze-cues-fearful-expression-and-eye-size-guide-attention
#12
Joshua M Carlson, Jacob Aday
Humans are social beings that often interact in multi-individual environments. As such, we are frequently confronted with nonverbal social signals, including eye-gaze direction, from multiple individuals. Yet, the factors that allow for the prioritisation of certain gaze cues over others are poorly understood. Using a modified conflicting gaze paradigm, we tested the hypothesis that fearful gaze would be favoured amongst competing gaze cues. We further hypothesised that this effect is related to the increased sclera exposure, which is characteristic of fearful expressions...
October 19, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047246/social-support-as-a-mediator-of-posttraumatic-embitterment-and-perceptions-of-meaning-in-life-among-danwon-survivors-of-the-sewol-ferry-disaster
#13
So Hee Lee, Hee Sun Nam, Hak Beom Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Sung Doo Won, Jeong Ho Chae
PURPOSE: Our research was designed to test and explore the relationships among embitterment, social support, and perceptions of meaning in life in the Danwon High School survivors of the Sewol ferry disaster. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five Sewol ferry disaster survivors were eligible for participation, and were invited to participate in the study 28 months after the disaster. Forty-eight (64%) survivors (24 males, 24 females) completed questionnaires; the Posttraumatic Embitterment Disorder (PTED) scale, the Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ), and the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ)...
November 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046652/how-context-influences-our-perception-of-emotional-faces-a-behavioral-study-on-the-kuleshov-effect
#14
Marta Calbi, Katrin Heimann, Daniel Barratt, Francesca Siri, Maria A Umiltà, Vittorio Gallese
Facial expressions are of major importance in understanding the mental and emotional states of others. So far, most studies on the perception and comprehension of emotions have used isolated facial expressions as stimuli; for example, photographs of actors displaying facial expressions corresponding to one of the so called 'basic emotions.' However, our real experience during social interactions is different: facial expressions of emotion are mostly perceived in a wider context, constituted by body language, the surrounding environment, and our beliefs and expectations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045257/fathers-the-lost-ring-in-the-chain-of-family-centered-care-a-phenomenological-study-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-of-iran
#15
Sousan Valizadeh, Jila Mirlashari, Elham Navab, Wendy Higman, Fatemeh Ghorbani
BACKGROUND: The basic principles of family-centered care in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) include the unlimited presence of parents and their participation in infant's care. Nurses play a central role in encouraging parental attachment with their infant. PURPOSE: This study was carried out with the aim of understanding NICU nurses' lived experiences of family participation in family-centered care. METHODS: This interpretative phenomenological study was conducted on the basis of Heideggerian philosophy...
October 17, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044444/characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-depression-in-the-elderly-in-spain-from-a-gender-perspective
#16
Juan M Sendra-Gutiérrez, Inmaculada Asensio-Moreno, Martín L Vargas-Aragón
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a main cause of disability and it is a priority public health problem among the elderly because of its significant consequences regarding morbidity and mortality, especially in women. METHODS: We selected records of people aged 65 and over out of the 2014 European Health Survey in Spain (n=6,520). We then performed a descriptive analysis stratified by gender of relevant variables such as demographic, socioeconomic, health status, health care and health determinants...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043042/feedr-and-animalnexus-ca-a-paired-r-package-and-user-friendly-web-application-for-transforming-and-visualizing-animal-movement-data-from-static-stations
#17
Stefanie E LaZerte, Matthew W Reudink, Ken A Otter, Jackson Kusack, Jacob M Bailey, Austin Woolverton, Mark Paetkau, Adriaan de Jong, David J Hill
Radio frequency identification (RFID) provides a simple and inexpensive approach for examining the movements of tagged animals, which can provide information on species behavior and ecology, such as habitat/resource use and social interactions. In addition, tracking animal movements is appealing to naturalists, citizen scientists, and the general public and thus represents a tool for public engagement in science and science education. Although a useful tool, the large amount of data collected using RFID may quickly become overwhelming...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042513/distress-and-rumor-exposure-on-social-media-during-a-campus-lockdown
#18
Nickolas M Jones, Rebecca R Thompson, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Roxane Cohen Silver
During crisis events, people often seek out event-related information to stay informed of what is happening. However, when information from official channels is lacking or disseminated irregularly, people may be at risk for exposure to rumors that fill the information void. We studied information-seeking during a university lockdown following an active-shooter event. In study 1, students in the lockdown (n = 3,890) completed anonymous surveys 1 week later. Those who indicated receiving conflicting information about the lockdown reported greater acute stress [standardized regression coefficient (b) = 0...
October 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042485/maternal-stress-during-pregnancy-and-allergic-diseases-in-children-during-the-first-year-of-life
#19
Katarzyna Smejda, Kinga Polanska, Dorota Merecz-Kot, Anna Krol, Wojciech Hanke, Joanna Jerzynska, Wlodzimierz Stelmach, Paweł Majak, Iwona Stelmach
BACKGROUND: Many recent studies indicate that prenatal maternal distress increases the risk of allergic diseases in children. The mechanisms that favor it are still unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the association between exposure to different kinds of prenatal stress and the occurrence of atopic dermatitis, food allergy, wheezing, and recurrent respiratory tract infections in children. METHODS: The study population consisted of 370 mother-child pairs from a Polish Mother and Child Cohort (REPRO_PL)...
October 17, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040950/green-spaces-are-not-all-the-same-for-the-provision-of-air-purification-and-climate-regulation-services-the-case-of-urban-parks
#20
Joana Vieira, Paula Matos, Teresa Mexia, Patrícia Silva, Nuno Lopes, Catarina Freitas, Otília Correia, Margarida Santos-Reis, Cristina Branquinho, Pedro Pinho
The growing human population concentrated in urban areas lead to the increase of road traffic and artificial areas, consequently enhancing air pollution and urban heat island effects, among others. These environmental changes affect citizen's health, causing a high number of premature deaths, with considerable social and economic costs. Nature-based solutions are essential to ameliorate those impacts in urban areas. While the mere presence of urban green spaces is pointed as an overarching solution, the relative importance of specific vegetation structure, composition and management to improve the ecosystem services of air purification and climate regulation are overlooked...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Research
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