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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457844/effect-of-type-d-personality-on-smoking-status-and-their-combined-impact-on-outcome-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Egidio Imbalzano, Marco Vatrano, Sebastiano Quartuccio, Roberto Ceravolo, Vincenzo Antonio Ciconte, Paola Rotella, Renato Pardeo, Giovanni Trapani, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Rossella Costantino, Antonino Saitta, Giuseppe Mandraffino
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation is correlated with several psychological, social, biological, and pharmacological aspects. The combined tendency to experience negative emotions and to inhibit the expression of these emotions is indicated as "type D personality," an independent risk marker for clinical outcome in cardiac disease. Despite this effect of type D personality on cardiovascular disease, it is still unclear whether this personality trait may influence smoking cessation after a myocardial infarction...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455685/health-technology-assessment-evidence-on-e-health-m-health-technologies-evaluating-the-transparency-and-thoroughness
#2
Vladimir Vukovic, Carlo Favaretti, Walter Ricciardi, Chiara de Waure
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation is crucial for integration of e-Health/m-Health into healthcare systems and health technology assessment (HTA) could offer sound methodological basis for these evaluations. Aim of this study was to look for HTA reports on e-Health/m-Health technologies and to analyze their transparency, consistency and thoroughness, with the goal to detect areas that need improvement. METHODS: PubMed, ISI-WOS, and University of York - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination-electronic databases were searched to identify reports on e-Health/m-Health technologies, published up until April 1, 2016...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454342/social-support-for-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation-in-a-public-university-hospital
#3
Clerison Stelvio Garcia, Agnaldo Soares Lima, Ehideé Isabel Gómez La-Rotta, Ilka de Fátima Santana Ferreira Boin
BACKGROUND: Several diseases may lead to the need for liver transplantation due to progressive organ damage until the onset of cirrhosis, resulting in changes in interpersonal relationships. Social Support for transplant candidates is an important variable, providing them with psychological and social well-being. This study aims to assess social support in chronic hepatic patients, waiting for liver transplantation. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 119 patients, for convenience sampling, from the liver transplant waiting list at a Brazilian University Hospital Outpatients...
February 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454178/caffeine-use-disorder-an-item-response-theory-analysis-of-proposed-dsm-5-criteria
#4
Csilla Ágoston, Róbert Urbán, Mara J Richman, Zsolt Demetrovics
INTRODUCTION: Caffeine is a common psychoactive substance with a documented addictive potential. Caffeine withdrawal has been included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), but caffeine use disorder (CUD) is considered to be a condition for further study. The aim of the current study is (1) to test the psychometric properties of the Caffeine Use Disorder Questionnaire (CUDQ) by using a confirmatory factor analysis and an item response theory (IRT) approach, (2) to compare IRT models with varying numbers of parameters and models with or without caffeine consumption criteria, and (3) to examine if the total daily caffeine consumption and the use of different caffeinated products can predict the magnitude of CUD symptomatology...
February 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453824/giving-in-when-feeling-less-good-procrastination-action-control-and-social-temptations
#5
Fuschia M Sirois, Benjamin Giguère
Emotion-regulation perspectives on procrastination highlighting the primacy of short-term mood regulation focus mainly on negative affect. Positive affect, however, has received much less attention and has not been considered with respect to social temptations. To address this issue, we examined how trait procrastination was linked to positive and negative affect in the context of social temptations across two prospective studies. Action Control Theory, Personality Systems Interactions Theory, and a mood regulation theory of procrastination served as guiding conceptual frameworks...
February 17, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451595/evaluation-of-molluscicidal-activity-of-three-mangrove-species-avicennia-schaueriana-laguncularia-racemosa-and-rhizophora-mangle-and-their-effects-on-the-bioactivity-of-biomphalaria-glabrata-say-1818
#6
Renato Juvino de Aragão Mendes, Adalberto Alves Pereira Filho, Aline de Jesus Lustosa Nogueira, Karla Regina Freitas Araújo, Clícia Rosane Costa França, Iramar Borba de Carvalho, Natale Maria Lindoso da Silva, Alexandre Santana Azevedo, Ivone Garros Rosa
Schistosomiasis is a disease of global extent reaching populations in social vulnerability. One of the control measures of this parasitosis is the use of molluscicidal substances that can fight snails of the genus Biomphalaria, intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni. The aim of this work was to study the toxic activity of three mangrove species (Avicennia schaueriana Stapf. & Leech, ex Moldenke, 1939, Laguncularia racemosa (L.) CF Gaertn, 1807 and Rhizophora mangle L. 1753) on the biological activities of snails Biomphalaria glabrata...
2018: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451375/-prevalence-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-a-population-of-women-in-posadas-misiones
#7
G B Jordá, S E Hanke, J M Ramos-Rincón, J Mosmann, M L Lopéz, A C Entrocassi, C Cuffini
OBJECTIVE: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most prevalent bacteria causing sexually transmitted infections. In women, this infection can cause cervicitis and urethritis, although it's usually asymptomatic. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of C. trachomatis in women attending the lab Instituto de Previsión Social and detect the genotypes. METHODS: Endocervical samples from 505 symptomatic and asymptomatic women were assayed. It was determined the presence of C...
February 16, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447253/combined-impairments-in-vision-hearing-and-cognition-are-associated-with-greater-levels-of-functional-and-communication-difficulties-than-cognitive-impairment-alone-analysis-of-interrai-data-for-home-care-and-long-term-care-recipients-in-ontario
#8
Dawn M Guthrie, Jacob G S Davidson, Nicole Williams, Jennifer Campos, Kathleen Hunter, Paul Mick, Joseph B Orange, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller, Natalie A Phillips, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Walter Wittich
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the current study was to understand the added effects of having a sensory impairment (vision and/or hearing impairment) in combination with cognitive impairment with respect to health-related outcomes among older adults (65+ years old) receiving home care or residing in a long-term care (LTC) facility in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using existing data collected with one of two interRAI assessments, one for home care (n = 291,824) and one for LTC (n = 110,578)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446537/replacing-the-canadianization-generation-an-examination-of-faculty-composition-from-1977-through-2017
#9
François Lachapelle, Patrick John Burnett
Amid growing numbers of doctoral graduates entering an increasingly competitive global academic job market, concerns about equity in the hiring process and the value of the Canadian Ph.D. are mounting. Grounded within the historical context of the Canadianization Movement, we examine the doctoral credentials of 4,934 U15 social science faculty between 1977 and 2017 to understand the ebb and flow of incoming and outgoing faculty across the country's academic field. Our trend analyses reveal an overall increase in the proportion of Canadian-trained faculty hires with the noted exceptions of Canada's top three universities who display a strong presence of high-status American-trained faculty throughout...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444689/comprehensive-knowledge-on-cervical-cancer-attitude-towards-its-screening-and-associated-factors-among-women-aged-30-49-years-in-finote-selam-town-northwest-ethiopia
#10
Alehegn Bishaw Geremew, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Telake Azale
BACKGROUND: Screening services for cervical pre-cancerous lesions is currently available for all women aged 30-49 years at public hospitals in Ethiopia. Though women's knowledge and their attitude are determinants for the uptake the screening service, there is limited information on these regards. Therefore, this study aimed to assess comprehensive knowledge on cervical cancer, attitudes towards the screening, and associated factors among women aged 30-49 years at Finote Selam town, northwest Ethiopia...
February 14, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444479/prevalence-and-correlates-of-burnout-in-health-professionals-in-ecuador
#11
Marina R Ramírez, Patricia Otero, Vanessa Blanco, Mercy P Ontaneda, Olga Díaz, Fernando L Vázquez
BACKGROUND: Although burnout is a widespread phenomenon among healthcare professionals, there are no studies about its prevalence in Ecuador. This study assesses the prevalence of burnout syndrome among Ecuadorian healthcare professionals and examine the relationship with their personal and organizational characteristics. METHODS: A total of 2404 healthcare professionals (average age 40.0years; 68.4% women) from the capitals of all 24 provinces in Ecuador participated in this study...
December 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442250/can-dogs-use-vocal-intonation-as-a-social-referencing-cue-in-an-object-choice-task
#12
Erin N Colbert-White, Alexa Tullis, David R Andresen, Kiona M Parker, Kaylana E Patterson
Evidence from the literature indicates that dogs' choices can be influenced by human-delivered social cues, such as pointing, and pointing combined with facial expression, intonation (i.e., rising and falling voice pitch), and/or words. The present study used an object choice task to investigate whether intonation conveys unique information in the absence of other salient cues. We removed facial expression cues and speech information by delivering cues with the experimenter's back to the dog and by using nonword vocalizations...
February 13, 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440869/exfoliation-syndrome-in-northern-nigeria
#13
Ugbede Idakwo, Olusola Olawoye, Benedictus Gk Ajayi, Robert Ritch
Purpose: To estimate the frequency of exfoliation syndrome (XFS) and its association with ocular diseases in Northern Nigeria. Materials and methods: Consecutive patients who presented to the outpatient department of ECWA Eye Hospital Kano from February 2015 to May 2015 were included in the study. Each patient had a complete ophthalmic examination. The anterior segment examination included tonometry, gonioscopy, and detailed slit-lamp examination to assess for the presence or absence of exfoliation material, inflammatory cells, and other abnormal findings...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437860/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-children-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#14
Sarah L Reeves, Alison C Tribble, Brian Madden, Gary L Freed, Kevin J Dombkowski
BACKGROUND: Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) are at increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease; antibiotic prophylaxis significantly reduces this risk. We calculated the proportion of children with SCA who received ≥300 days of antibiotic prophylaxis and identified predictors of such receipt. METHODS: Children aged 3 months to 5 years with SCA were identified by the presence of 3 or more Medicaid claims with a diagnosis of SCA within a calendar year (2005-2012) in Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Michigan, South Carolina, and Texas...
February 5, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436898/attitudes-toward-tobacco-alcohol-and-non-alcoholic-beverage-advertisement-themes-among-adolescent-boys
#15
Katherine L Friedman, Megan E Roberts, Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Katherine A Yates, Electra D Paskett, Micah L Berman, Michael D Slater, Bo Lu, Amy K Ferketich
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined what adolescents find appealing in tobacco and alcohol advertisements and how different themes in advertisements are used to manipulate consumer behaviors. Yet, we know little about the relationship between the themes portrayed in advertisements and youth attitudes towards those themes. OBJECTIVES: This study compared attitudes towards advertisements for different consumer products in a sample of urban and rural adolescent boys in order to examine how key marketing themes impact adolescent attitudes towards those advertisements...
February 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436882/type-d-personality-and-elevated-psychological-symptoms-in-early-adjustment-of-severe-burn-injury-patients
#16
Ajdin Mujezinovic, Julia Kwiet, Rachel Kornhaber, Rachael Holt, Jeffrey Streimer, John Vandervord, Vanessa Rogers, Joanne Shaw, Jeremy Law, Michelle Cleary, Loyola McLean
Severe burn injuries are highly traumatic requiring lengthy recovery. High levels of distress in the early stages of treatment have been associated with poor physical and psychosocial recovery outcomes. Identifying traits relating to distress and personal coping styles may aid screening. Type-D, or 'distressed', personality may be such a trait. Type-D personality refers to an ongoing personality organization defined by a tendency to experience greater negative emotions and thoughts while simultaneously socially inhibiting their expression (Denollet et al...
February 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433516/a-technical-review-and-evaluation-of-implantable-sensors-for-hearing-devices
#17
REVIEW
Diego Calero, Stephan Paul, André Gesing, Fabio Alves, Júlio A Cordioli
Most commercially available cochlear implants and hearing aids use microphones as sensors for capturing the external sound field. These microphones are in general located in an external element, which is also responsible for processing the sound signal. However, the presence of the external element is the cause of several problems such as discomfort, impossibility of being used during physical activities and sleeping, and social stigma. These limitations have driven studies with the goal of developing totally implantable hearing devices, and the design of an implantable sensor has been one of the main challenges to be overcome...
February 13, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432246/evaluation-and-management-of-the-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Nicole Baumer, Sarah J Spence
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined by deficits in social communication and the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests. This article provides the tools to diagnose and manage patients with autism spectrum disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Autism spectrum disorder is a heterogeneous condition with varying presentations, multiple etiologies, and a number of comorbidities that impact the course and management of the disorder...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431142/do-eps-change-their-clinical-behaviour-in-the-hallway-or-when-a-companion-is-present-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Hanni Stoklosa, Meredith Scannell, Zheng Ma, Bernard Rosner, Ashley Hughes, J Stephen Bohan
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine whether emergency physicians (EPs) felt their standard patient evaluation practice was modified by two non-private clinical encounters: hallway encounters and encounters during which a companion was present. METHODS: We administered an iteratively developed cross-sectional survey at an annual national professional meeting. We used logistic regression to compare relationships among non-private clinical encounters and predictors of interest...
February 3, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430738/neonatal-adoptive-transfer-of-lymphocytes-rescues-social-behavior-during-adolescence-in-immune-deficient-mice
#20
Sarah M Clark, Chloe N Vaughn, Jennifer A Soroka, Xin Li, Leonardo H Tonelli
Accumulating evidence has shown that lymphocytes modulate behavior and cognition by direct interactions with the central nervous system. Studies have shown that reconstitution by adoptive transfer of lymphocytes from wild type into immune deficient mice restores a number of neurobehavioral deficits observed in these models. Moreover, it has been shown that these effects are mostly mediated by T lymphocytes. Studies of adoptive transfer thus far have employed adult mice, but whether lymphocytes may also modulate behavior during development remains unknown...
February 11, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
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