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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533977/serotonergic-activation-during-courtship-and-aggression-in-the-brown-anole-anolis-sagrei
#1
Jacob T Hartline, Alexandra N Smith, David Kabelik
The role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in social behavior regulation is not fully understood. While 5-HT release in nuclei of the social behavior network has generally been associated with inhibition of aggressive behavior across multiple classes of vertebrates, less is known about its effects on sexual, especially non-copulatory courtship display behaviors. Furthermore, most research has examined effects at 5-HT release sites, while studies examining the behavioral relevance of source cell populations have generated contradictory findings...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533953/interplay-among-pain-intensity-sleep-disturbance-and-emotion-in-patients-with-non-specific-low-back-pain
#2
Shilabant Sen Sribastav, He Peiheng, Long Jun, Li Zemin, Wei Fuxin, Wang Jianru, Liu Hui, Wang Hua, Zheng Zhaomin
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is the most common problem worldwide. There are several negative consequences of LBP, such as sleep disorders, work leave, disability, depression, anxiety, and poor quality of life. In this study, we designed to evaluate the prevalence of sleep disturbance in patients with non-specific LBP(NSLBP), and cross-correlation among sleep disorder, anxiety, depression and pain intensity in patients with NSLBP. AIM: In this study, we designed to evaluate the prevalence of sleep disturbance in patients with NSLBP, and cross-correlation among sleep disorder, anxiety, depression and pain intensity in patients with NSLBP...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533946/rethinking-social-cognition-in-light-of-psychosis-reciprocal-implications-for-cognition-and-psychopathology
#3
Vaughan Bell, Kathryn L Mills, Gemma Modinos, Sam Wilkinson
The positive symptoms of psychosis largely involve the experience of illusory social actors and yet our current measures of social cognition, at best, only weakly predict their presence. We review evidence to suggest that the range of current approaches in social cognition is not sufficient to explain the fundamentally social nature of these experiences. We argue that social agent representation is an important organising principle for understanding social cognition and that alterations in social agent representation may be a factor in the formation of delusions and hallucination in psychosis...
May 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533396/perceived-social-presence-reduces-fact-checking
#4
Youjung Jun, Rachel Meng, Gita Venkataramani Johar
Today's media landscape affords people access to richer information than ever before, with many individuals opting to consume content through social channels rather than traditional news sources. Although people frequent social platforms for a variety of reasons, we understand little about the consequences of encountering new information in these contexts, particularly with respect to how content is scrutinized. This research tests how perceiving the presence of others (as on social media platforms) affects the way that individuals evaluate information-in particular, the extent to which they verify ambiguous claims...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532704/the-bright-and-the-dark-sides-of-motor-simulation
#5
Maria Serena Panasiti, Giuseppina Porciello, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
While the acquisition of knowledge about the sensory, emotional, and motor states of others has long been thought to derive from abstract inferential operations, recent theories based on neuroscientific and psychological models emphasize that motor simulation is essential to a variety of complex functions ranging from the monitoring of one's own performance to the understanding of others' actions, and matching self and others' states to optimize social interactions. In this review, we discuss evidence that simulating the actions of others has both bright and dark sides...
May 19, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532504/vineland-adaptive-behavior-scales-to-identify-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-children-with-congenital-hyperinsulinism-chi
#6
Maria Salomon-Estebanez, Zainab Mohamed, Maria Michaelidou, Hannah Collins, Lindsey Rigby, Mars Skae, Raja Padidela, Stewart Rust, Mark Dunne, Karen Cosgrove, Indraneel Banerjee, Jacqueline Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a disease of severe hypoglycaemia caused by excess insulin secretion and associated with adverse neurodevelopment in a third of children. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales Second Edition (VABS-II) is a parent report measure of adaptive functioning that could be used as a developmental screening tool in patients with CHI. We have investigated the performance of VABS-II as a screening tool to identify developmental delay in a relatively large cohort of children with CHI...
May 22, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529921/mediterranean-lifestyle-and-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#7
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Duane D Mellor, Nenad Naumovski, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Akis Zeimbekis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Alexandra Foscolou, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Labros Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern is a well-established protective factor against cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, diet quality is only one aspect of the overall healthy lifestyle adopted by Mediterranean populations. The latter has never been evaluated as a multi-factorial composite lifestyle. Thus, the aim of the present study was to provide a broader picture of the Mediterranean lifestyle and its effects on CVD risk, among elderly individuals. METHODS: During 2005-2015, 2,749 older (aged 65-100 years) from 21 Mediterranean islands (MEDIS) and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece were voluntarily enrolled onto the study...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529276/association-between-the-risk-of-falls-and-osteoporotic-fractures-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Maki Yokomoto-Umakoshi, Ippei Kanazawa, Shiori Kondo, Toshitsugu Sugimoto
Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of falls, which increases the incidence of osteoporotic fractures and accordingly decreases quality of life. However, the association between fall risk and diabetic complications is not completely understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between fall risk and osteoporotic fractures in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We enrolled 194 Japanese patients with T2DM and assessed their fall risk using a brief interview form that included five items covering physical and social aspects of functioning and environmental factors...
May 19, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528894/the-social-facilitation-of-eating-without-the-presence-of-others-self-reflection-on-eating-makes-food-taste-better-and-people-eat-more
#9
Ryuzaburo Nakata, Nobuyuki Kawai
Food tastes better and people eat more of it when eaten with company than alone. Although several explanations have been proposed for this social facilitation of eating, they share the basic assumption that this phenomenon is achieved by the existence of co-eating others. Here, we demonstrate a similar "social" facilitation of eating in the absence of other individuals. Elderly participants tasted a piece of popcorn alone while in front of a mirror (which reflects the participant themselves eating popcorn) or in front of a wall-reflecting monitor, and were found to eat more popcorn and rate it better tasting in the self-reflecting condition than in the monitor condition...
May 18, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528713/sociodemographics-and-the-impact-of-a-colostomy-to-indigent-families-and-children-with-colorectal-disorders-in-honduras
#10
W Krois, A J M Dingemans, P X Hernández, M L Metzelder, J Craniotis Rios, C A Reck-Burneo
INTRODUCTION: To describe the social impact of a colostomy on indigent families and affected children with anorectal malformations (ARM) or Hirschsprung's disease (HD) in San Pedro Sula, Honduras, we specifically targeted very low-income households that attended an international medical brigade for ARM and HD in 2016. METHODS: The impact of a colostomy on the families and children's daily life was analyzed by personal interviews with a questionnaire. RESULTS: Twenty families with children were included in the study...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528392/habitat-quality-mediates-personality-through-differences-in-social-context
#11
Benjamin A Belgrad, Blaine D Griffen
Assessing the stability of animal personalities has become a major goal of behavioral ecologists. Most personality studies have utilized solitary individuals, but little is known on the extent that individuals retain their personality across ecologically relevant group settings. We conducted a field survey which determined that mud crabs, Panopeus herbstii, remain scattered as isolated individuals on degraded oyster reefs while high quality reefs can sustain high crab densities (>10 m(-2)). We examined the impact of these differences in social context on personality by quantifying the boldness of the same individual crabs when in isolation and in natural cohorts...
May 20, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527716/discovery-of-recurring-behavioural-sequences-in-wistar-rat-social-activity-possible-support-to-studies-on-autism-spectrum-disorders
#12
M Casarrubea, F Faulisi, A Cudia, D Cancemi, M Cardaci, M S Magnusson, G Crescimanno
This study was undertaken to investigate whether, in rat interactive activities, recurring sequences of behavioural events might be identified and how and to what extent each component of the pair is involved. To this aim, the multivariate temporal-pattern (t-pattern) analysis was applied to the social interactions of 9 pairs of male Wistar rats tested in open field. Interactive activities were classified into intra- and inter-subjects. Quantitative evaluations showed that intra-subject behavioural elements represented 62...
May 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527601/comorbidity-and-socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-renal-lithiasis-in-persons-aged-40-to-65-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Raquel Arias Vega, Luis Angel Pérula de Torres, Celia Jiménez García, Julia Carrasco Valiente, Maria José Requena Tapia, Roque Cano Castiñeira, Luis Carlos Silva Ayçaguer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Renal lithiasis is one of the most important urological diseases. It seems to be related to different socio-demographic and climatic factors, lifestyle and pre-existing comorbidity. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between socio-demographic variables, certain risk factors and chronic diseases and the renal lithiasis. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out, selecting the Spanish population aged from 40 to 65 years, combining 2 random samples (PreLiRenA and PreLiRenE studies)...
May 17, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527508/social-media-and-web-presence-for-patients-and-professionals-evolving-trends-and-implications-for-practice
#14
REVIEW
Jose E Barreto, Curtis L Whitehair
The use of social media has become very instinctive to many. It has become part of a daily routine. Enhanced communication, liberated expressions of self, becoming updated with all the trends and news, and marketing promotion are only some of the reasons why most people use social media. Health care providers including physicians should take advantage of these platforms for professional purposes. Social media extends far beyond the famous platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Instagram, used mostly for social connections...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527301/exploration-of-dietary-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-in-pregnant-women-in-the-uk-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Victoria Coathup, Lesley Smith, Mary Boulton
BACKGROUND: fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is a term used to describe a range of physical, cognitive and behavioural deficits in the offspring of women who drank alcohol during pregnancy. A growing body of evidence suggests alcohol consumption in the presence of poor maternal nutrition may increase the risk of harm to the developing fetus. OBJECTIVE: to investigate relationships between maternal dietary patterns and alcohol consumption, and explore which factors influence women's decisions about what to eat and drink during pregnancy...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527072/from-0%C3%A2-to-18%C3%A2-how-headache-changes-over-time
#16
Vincenzo Guidetti, Noemi Faedda
Recognize the presence of headache at early age is essential to prevent that the disorder interferes with physical, psychological and social functioning. However, there are several differences between adults and children in the clinical manifestation of headache such as quality and severity of pain, trigger, associated symptoms, gender, duration of attacks, number of daytime attacks, comorbidities and red flags of secondary headache. These differences can make the diagnosis more complex in early ages than in adults, so it is essential to know how headache changes over time to identify its presence in the earliest phases of childhood...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526254/associations-between-midlife-insomnia-symptoms-and-earlier-retirement
#17
Lauren Hale, Lee Singer, Jodi H Barnet, Paul E Peppard, Erika W Hagen
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are prevalent and associated with impaired health and well-being. However, scant research has investigated whether midlife insomnia symptoms are also associated with earlier retirement, thereby contributing to additional economic consequences. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from a community-based sample of 1635 Wisconsin State employees (51.6% women) that were collected from 1988 until 2014. Study participants were asked about insomnia symptoms (difficulty getting to sleep, difficulty getting back to sleep, repeated nocturnal awakenings, and early morning awakenings) in midlife, with prospective follow-up questions about the specific reasons for retirement between 2010 and 2014...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526002/affective-concordance-in-couples-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-depression-and-anxiety-consultations-within-a-population-of-13-507-couples-in-primary-care
#18
J Walker, J Liddle, K P Jordan, P Campbell
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common and have a significant impact on the individual and wider society. One theory proposed to explain a heightened risk for depression and anxiety is affective concordance in couples (e.g. influence of shared mood states, shared health beliefs). Whilst research has shown concordance for severe psychiatric illnesses and general mood in couples, little attention has been given to concordance for common psychiatric conditions such as depression and anxiety...
May 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524260/presence-of-ethanol-sensitive-glycine-receptors-in-medium-spiny-neurons-in-the-mouse-nucleus-accumbens
#19
B Förstera, B Muñoz, M K Lobo, R Chandra, D M Lovinger, L G Aguayo
Alcohol abuse causes major social, economic and health-related problems worldwide. Alcohol, like other drugs of abuse, increases levels of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens, facilitating behavioural reinforcement and substance abuse. Previous studies suggested that glycine receptors (GlyRs) are involved in the regulation of accumbal dopamine levels. Here, we investigated the presence of GlyRs in accumbal dopamine receptor medium spiny neurons (MSNs) of C57BL/6J mice, analyzing mRNA expression-levels and immunoreactivity of GlyR subunits, as well as ethanol sensitivity...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524075/examining-the-overlap-between-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#20
Opal Ousley, A Nichole Evans, Samuel Fernandez-Carriba, Erica L Smearman, Kimberly Rockers, Michael J Morrier, David W Evans, Karlene Coleman, Joseph Cubells
22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a genomic disorder reported to associate with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in 15-50% of cases; however, others suggest that individuals with 22q11.2DS present psychiatric or behavioral features associated with ASDs, but do not meet full criteria for ASD diagnoses. Such wide variability in findings may arise in part due to methodological differences across studies. Our study sought to determine whether individuals with 22q11.2DS meet strict ASD diagnostic criteria using research-based guidelines from the Collaborative Programs of Excellence in Autism (CPEA), which required a gathering of information from three sources: the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), the Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS), and a clinician's best-estimate diagnosis...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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