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Can Hüseyin Hekimoğlu, Özgen Alpay Özbek, Mestan Emek, Mehmet Ali Öktem, Galip Köroğlu, Mustafa Sertel, Sevin Özdeniz, Ali Ceylan, Ayla Açikgöz, Belgin Ünal
Background: In Turkey, varicella vaccine was introduced into routine childhood immunization in 2013, with a single dose administered to children aged 12 months. However, there is limited information on the morbidity (incidence and seroprevalence), mortality and burden of disease of varicella in the overall Turkish population. Aim: To determine varicella seroprevalence and its social determinants in Manisa Province, Turkey in children aged > 2 years before single-dose varicella vaccination was introduced in 2013...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Stephanie Brinkhues, Nicole H T M Dukers-Muijrers, Christian J P A Hoebe, Carla J H van der Kallen, Annemarie Koster, Ronald M A Henry, Coen D A Stehouwer, Paul H M Savelkoul, Nicolaas C Schaper, Miranda T Schram
OBJECTIVE: The relation between clinical complications and social network characteristics in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has hardly been studied. Therefore, we examined the associations of social network characteristics with macro- and microvascular complications in T2DM and investigated whether these associations were independent of glycemic control, quality of life, and well-known cardiovascular risk factors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants with T2DM originated from the Maastricht Study, a population-based cohort study ( n = 797, mean age 62...
June 15, 2018: Diabetes Care
Songting Li, Yanyang Xiao, Douglas Zhou, David Cai
The Granger causality (GC) analysis has been extensively applied to infer causal interactions in dynamical systems arising from economy and finance, physics, bioinformatics, neuroscience, social science, and many other fields. In the presence of potential nonlinearity in these systems, the validity of the GC analysis in general is questionable. To illustrate this, here we first construct minimal nonlinear systems and show that the GC analysis fails to infer causal relations in these systems-it gives rise to all types of incorrect causal directions...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
Mary K Hill, Ravi R Patel, Pratibha Anand, Robert P Dellavalle
Google+ sets itself apart from other social media platforms through a number of unique features, including search engine optimization services and high user satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence of dermatological entities on Google+. Searches were conducted to locate any Google+ accounts associated with the most popular dermatology journals, dermatological patient-centered organizations, and professional dermatology-related organizations on social media. Additionally, "dermatology Google+" was searched via Google, and Google+ profiles retrieved in the first page of results were assessed...
April 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
S Korovay
Preterm labor is an urgent medical-social and demographic issue at the present stage. A considerable number of factors affects the course of pregnancy and its outcome, their effect is realized at the level of the central nervous system through numerical metabolic interactions, where monoaminergic systems play an important role. Objective - to study the features of the sympathoadrenal system state by determining the excretion level of DOPHA, dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine in women's daily urine with different periods of abortion...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
Jack T H Wang, Cheryl J Power, Charlene M Kahler, Dena Lyras, Paul R Young, Jonathan Iredell, Roy Robins-Browne
Science communication is a skill set to be developed through ongoing interactions with different stakeholders across a variety of platforms. Opportunities to engage the general public are typically reserved for senior scientists, but the use of social media in science communication allows all scientists to instantaneously disseminate their findings and interact with online users. The Communication Ambassador program is a social media initiative launched by the Australian Society for Microbiology to expand the online presence and science communication portfolios of early-career scientists...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Kazuki Uemura, Hyuma Makizako, Sangyoon Lee, Takehiko Doi, Sungchul Lee, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: Whether sarcopenia predicts incident homebound status remains unclear. This prospective cohort study aimed to determine the impact of sarcopenia on the incidence of homebound status in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: The study included 3958 community-dwelling elderly people aged ≥65 years who were not homebound at baseline. Sarcopenia was defined as the presence of both poor muscle function (low physical performance or low muscle strength) and low muscle mass...
July 2018: Maturitas
Gilberto Sabino-Santos, Felipe Gonçalves Motta Maia, Ronaldo Bragança Martins, Talita Bianca Gagliardi, William Marciel de Souza, Renata Lara Muylaert, Luciano Kleber de Souza Luna, Danilo Machado Melo, Ricardo de Souza Cardoso, Natalia da Silva Barbosa, Marjorie Cornejo Pontelli, Priscila Rosse Mamani-Zapana, Thallyta Maria Vieira, Norma Maria Melo, Colleen B Jonsson, Douglas Goodin, Jorge Salazar-Bravo, Luis Lamberti Pinto daSilva, Eurico Arruda, Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo
Bats (Order: Chiroptera) harbor a high diversity of emerging pathogens presumably because their ability to fly and social behavior favor the maintenance, evolution, and dissemination of these pathogens. Until 2012, there was only one report of the presence of Hantavirus in bats. Historically, it was thought that these viruses were harbored primarily by rodent and insectivore small mammals. Recently, new species of hantaviruses have been identified in bats from Africa and Asia continents expanding the potential reservoirs and range of these viruses...
June 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
B Cooper, B Adriaenssens, S S Killen
Group living is widespread among animal species, and comes with a number of costs and benefits associated with foraging, predator avoidance and reproduction. It is largely unknown, however, whether individuals sacrifice exposure to their own preferred or optimal environmental conditions so they can remain part of a social group. Here, we demonstrate that individual three-spine sticklebacks vary in the degree to which they forego exposure to their preferred ambient temperature so they can associate with a group of conspecifics...
June 13, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Raquel Garcia, Rosa Abellana, Jordi Real, José-Luis Del Val, Jose Maria Verdú-Rotellar, Miguel-Angel Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Information regarding the effect of social determinants of health on heart failure (HF) community-dwelling patients is scarce. We aimed to analyse the presence of socioeconomic inequalities, and their impact on hospitalisations and mortality, in patients with HF attended in a universal healthcare coverage system. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study carried out in patients with HF aged >40 and attended at the 53 primary healthcare centres of the Institut Català de la Salut in Barcelona (Spain)...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
M Tsubota-Utsugi, Y Yonekura, K Tanno, M Nozue, H Shimoda, N Nishi, K Sakata, S Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Many survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred in 2011 were at risk of deteriorating health, especially elderly people living in disaster-stricken areas. The objectives of this prospective study were: a) to clarify the different lifestyle and psychosocial factors associated with frailty by sex among the non-disabled elderly survivors, and b) to describe the differences in characteristics stratified by the degree of disaster-related housing damage. METHODS: We followed 2261 Japanese survivors aged ≥65 years (45...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient evidence regarding the relationship of home environment with functional capacity among community-dwelling older people without disabilities. We conducted a population-based longitudinal cohort study and examined whether stairs in the home were associated with capability to perform instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in community-dwelling high-functioning older adults. METHODS: The target population was individuals aged 65 years or older living in two municipalities in Nara Prefecture in Japan...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
B Salamanca-Zarzuela, F Morales-Luego, C Alcalde-Martin, F Centeno-Malfaz
AIM: Retrospective analysis of the neurodevelopment in the first two years of life in patients with severe congenital heart disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Out of 89 patients with severe congenital heart disease 19 were excluded due to a history of prematurity and/or chromosomopathy, four due to a history of ischemic stroke and two due to lack of medical history. Denver Test (DT) results at 2, 6, 12, 15 and 18 months, and results in motor, language and social interaction fields were achieved...
June 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Ana Maria Barcelos, Kevin McPeake, Nadja Affenzeller, Daniel Simon Mills
Urinary house soiling (periuria) in the home is a common but serious behaviour problem in cats. Although many specific risk factors and triggers have been postulated, their importance is largely unknown. This study assessed: (1) the significance of purported risk factors for periuria as well as specifically marking and latrine behaviour in the home; (2) the specificity and sensitivity of signs commonly used to differentiate latrine and marking behaviour. Owner responses to an internet survey ( n = 245) were classified into three groups: control, marking and latrine behaviour, along with 41 potential risk factors and 15 predictors used to diagnose marking and latrine problems...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Muhammad Azeemuddin, Muhammad Awais, Fatima Mubarak, Abdul Rehman, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch
Introduction In patients with cranial venous sinus thrombosis, the occurrence of subarachnoid haemorrhage in association with haemorrhagic venous infarcts is a well described phenomenon. However, the presence of subarachnoid haemorrhage in patients with cranial venous sinus thrombosis in the absence of a haemorrhagic venous infarct is exceedingly rare. Methods We retrospectively reviewed charts and scans of all patients who had cranial venous sinus thrombosis confirmed by magnetic resonance venography at our hospital between September 2004 and May 2015...
January 1, 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Eunice Domínguez-Martín, Mariana Hernández-Elvira, Olivier Vincent, Roberto Coria, Ricardo Escalante
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a membranous network with an intricate dynamic architecture necessary for various essential cellular processes. Nearly one third of the proteins trafficking through the secretory pathway are folded and matured in the ER. Additionally, it acts as calcium storage, and it is a main source for lipid biosynthesis. The ER is highly connected with other organelles through regions of membrane apposition that allow organelle remodeling, as well as lipid and calcium traffic. Cells are under constant changes due to metabolic requirements and environmental conditions that challenge the ER network’s maintenance...
June 10, 2018: Cells
Ross Coomber, Leah Moyle, Vendula Belackova, Tom Decorte, Pekka Hakkarainen, Andrew Hathaway, Karen Joe Laidler, Simon Lenton, Sheigla Murphy, John Scott, Michaela Stefunkova, Katinka van de Ven, Marieke Vlaemynck, Bernd Werse
BACKGROUND: It is now commonly accepted that there exists a form of drug supply, that involves the non-commercial supply of drugs to friends and acquaintances for little or no profit, which is qualitatively different from profit motivated 'drug dealing proper'. 'Social supply', as it has become known, has a strong conceptual footprint in the United Kingdom, shaped by empirical research, policy discussion and its accommodation in legal frameworks. Though scholarship has emerged in a number of contexts outside the UK, the extent to which social supply has developed as an internationally recognised concept in criminal justice contexts is still unclear...
June 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Angel M Dzhambov, Iana Markevych, Terry Hartig, Boris Tilov, Zlatoslav Arabadzhiev, Drozdstoj Stoyanov, Penka Gatseva, Donka D Dimitrova
BACKGROUND: A growing body of scientific literature indicates that urban green- and bluespace support mental health; however, little research has attempted to address the complexities in likely interrelations among the pathways through which benefits plausibly are realized. OBJECTIVES: The present study examines how different plausible pathways between green/bluespace and mental health can work together. Both objective and perceived measures of green- and bluespace are used in these models...
June 8, 2018: Environmental Research
Seongryu Bae, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino, Hyuntae Park, Hiroyuki Shimada
BACKGROUND: We examined the role of social frailty in the association between hearing problems and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and investigated which cognitive impairment domains are most strongly involved. METHODS: Participants were 4251 older adults (mean age 72.5 ± 5.2 years, 46.1% male) who met the study inclusion criteria. Hearing problems were measured using the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly. Social frailty was identified using responses to five questions...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Clément Lagrue, Colin D MacLeod, Laurent Keller, Robert Poulin
1.Colonial organisms with division of labour are assumed to achieve increased colony-level efficiency in task performance through functional specialisation of individuals into distinct castes. In social insects, ratios of individuals in different castes can adjust adaptively in response to external threats. However, whether flexibility in caste ratio also occurs in other social organisms with division of labour remains unclear. Some parasitic trematodes, in which clonal colonies within the snail intermediate host comprise a reproductive caste and a soldier caste, offer good systems to test the general nature of adaptive caste ratio adjustments...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
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