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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821217/a-practice-based-theory-of-healing-through-therapeutic-touch-advancing-holistic-nursing-practice
#1
Mary Anne Hanley, Denise Coppa, Deborah Shields
For nearly 50 years, Therapeutic Touch (TT) has contributed to advancing holistic nursing practice and has been recognized as a uniquely human approach to healing. This narrative explores the development of a practice-based theory of healing through TT, which occurred between 2010 and 2016. Through the in-depth self-inquiry of participatory reflective dialogue in concert with constant narrative analysis, TT practitioners revealed the meaning of healing within the context of their TT practice. As the community of TT experts participated in an iterative process of small group and community dialogues with analysis and synthesis of emerging themes, the assumptions and concepts central to a theory of healing emerged, were clarified and verified...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815480/evaluation-of-electronic-healthcare-databases-for-post-marketing-drug-safety-surveillance-and-pharmacoepidemiology-in-china
#2
Yu Yang, Xiaofeng Zhou, Shuangqing Gao, Hongbo Lin, Yanming Xie, Yuji Feng, Kui Huang, Siyan Zhan
INTRODUCTION: Electronic healthcare databases (EHDs) are used increasingly for post-marketing drug safety surveillance and pharmacoepidemiology in Europe and North America. However, few studies have examined the potential of these data sources in China. METHODS: Three major types of EHDs in China (i.e., a regional community-based database, a national claims database, and an electronic medical records [EMR] database) were selected for evaluation. Forty core variables were derived based on the US Mini-Sentinel (MS) Common Data Model (CDM) as well as the data features in China that would be desirable to support drug safety surveillance...
August 16, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814258/management-of-complicated-pneumonia-in-childhood-a-review-of-recent-literature
#3
John B Darby, Amrita Singh, Ricardo Quinonez
BACKGROUND: Despite declining rates of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children, complicated pneumonia has been on the rise in the last two decades. The management of complicated pneumonia is challenging and continues to be an area of investigation. Despite recently published guidelines, many gaps exist and recent studies attempt to answer challenging questions. OBJECTIVE: To review recently published literature to inform the clinician on the most up to date management of complicated pneumonia in children...
August 16, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807851/toxic-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-provide-a-warning-sign-to-overuse-of-the-ethnomedicine-arnebia-benthamii
#4
Latif Ahmad, He Yi, Jia-Chen Hao, Andrew Semotiuk, Quan-Ru Liu, Paras Mazari
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: From early times man has used medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments and basic health care needs. The use of herbal medicines has increased day by day and with this, so do reports of adverse events, poisoning, and suspected toxicity. Similarly, the indigenous communities of Neelum Valley in Azad Kashmir commonly use Arnebia benthamii (Wall. ex G.Don) I.M.Johnst. for medicinal purposes to treat various human aliments. Besides their medicinal uses, it also contains hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799470/referral-to-an-acute-child-and-adolescent-inpatient-unit-the-experiences-and-views-of-community-mental-health-referrers
#5
Josephine Stanton, Viktor Lahdenperä, Virginia Braun
Admission to an acute mental health inpatient unit is a significant event for a young person. The interface between inpatient and community teams negotiating the admission and later discharge can be fraught. To understand how to improve the transition between inpatient and community care, we interviewed 48 community clinicians about their experiences of engaging with an acute child and adolescent mental health inpatient unit. Through thematic analysis, we identified management of risk was a central issue. Participants wanted more time in hospital, and more communication and collaboration...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797617/differences-in-waiting-list-prioritization-preferences-of-occupational-therapists-elderly-people-and-persons-with-disabilities-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#6
Marie-Hélène Raymond, Louise Demers, Debbie E Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To compare the preferences of occupational therapists, elderly people and adults with disabilities regarding prioritization criteria for occupational therapy waiting lists in home care. DESIGN: Discrete choice experiment survey. Respondents completed eight choice tasks where they were asked to choose which of two referral scenarios should be prioritized for services. Scenarios varied in terms of four attributes reflecting competing issues that come into play in waiting list prioritization: the person's ability to shower, ability to enter and exit the home, history of falls and time already spent on the waiting list...
August 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793838/sociodemographic-predictors-of-sex-offender-stigma-how-politics-impact-attitudes-social-distance-and-perceptions-of-sex-offender-recidivism
#7
Joseph S DeLuca, John Vaccaro, Amalia Rudnik, Nicole Graham, Anna Giannicchi, Philip T Yanos
Stigma toward general criminal offenders has been found to be particularly salient among community members who identify as politically conservative; however, less is known about how political identification relates to stigma toward sex offenders. This is a particularly important area of inquiry, given that criminal jurisprudence and politics legitimatize stigmatizing labels attributed to sex offenders through laws and policies that apply specifically to this group. A nonrandom sample ( N = 518) of participants living in the United States was recruited for this survey study...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782678/resting-state-networks-in-empirical-and-simulated-dynamic-functional-connectivity
#8
Katharina Glomb, Adrián Ponce-Alvarez, Matthieu Gilson, Petra Ritter, Gustavo Deco
It is well-established that patterns of functional connectivity (FC) - measures of correlated activity between pairs of voxels or regions observed in the human brain using neuroimaging - are robustly expressed in spontaneous activity during rest. These patterns are not static, but exhibit complex spatio-temporal dynamics. Over the last years, a multitude of methods have been proposed to reveal these dynamics on the level of the whole brain. One finding is that the brain transitions through different FC configurations over time, and substantial effort has been put into characterizing these configurations...
August 3, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763383/addressing-data-inequities-in-american-indian-communities-through-an-environmental-public-health-tracking-pilot-project
#9
Samantha Lucas-Pipkorn, Ashley Tuomi
National and state surveillance systems identify American Indians/Alaska Natives inconsistently and often inaccurately within their data sets. Consequently, communities may not be represented with data at the level of geography needed. Collecting and presenting environmental and health-related data to the public are done by state Tracking Networks. Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Epidemiology Center (GLITEC) conducted a groundbreaking 2014 Tribal Environmental Health Tracking pilot project that engaged tribes, an urban Indian community, 3 state health departments, a Tribal Epidemiology Center (TEC), and a federal agency...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760819/a-qualitative-inquiry-into-the-barriers-and-facilitators-to-achieving-home-death
#10
Meelad Sayma, Dina Saleh, Doa'a Kerwat, Shiraz Jamshaid, Aaniya Ahmed, Folashade Oyewole, Abdul Samad Wahid, Claire Perry, Benita Cox
OBJECTIVES: To explore the barriers and facilitators to patients achieving death at home. METHODS: In-depth, semistructured interviews with end-of-life care experts were conducted to develop an insight into the barriers and facilitators to achieving death at home. Thirty-three interviews were conducted compromising of a mixture of face-to-face and tele interviews. Experts included healthcare professionals working in the community, hospital and policy/academic settings...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745307/a-longitudinal-study-of-violent-behavior-in-a-psychosis-risk-cohort
#11
Gary Brucato, Paul S Appelbaum, Jeffrey A Lieberman, Melanie M Wall, Tianshu Feng, Michael D Masucci, Rebecca Altschuler, Ragy R Girgis
There is a lack of insight into the relationships between violent ideation, violent behavior, and early, particularly attenuated, psychosis. Our aims were to examine the relationships between baseline violent behavior and violent ideation and outcome violent behavior and conversion to psychosis in at-risk individuals. We longitudinally assessed 200 individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis for violent ideation and violent behavior using the Structured Interview for Psychosis-Risk Syndromes (SIPS), and rated these according to MacArthur Community Violence categories...
July 26, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731547/does-hospital-ownership-influence-hospital-referral-region-health-rankings-in-the-united-states
#12
Hanadi Hamadi, Emma Apatu, Aaron Spaulding
Extensive evidence demonstrates that a hospital's organizational ownership structure impacts its overall performance, but little is known concerning the influence of hospital structure on the health of its community. This paper explores the association between US hospital referral region (HRR) health rankings and hospital ownership and performance. Data from the 2016 Commonwealth Fund Scorecard on Local Health System Performance, the American Hospital Association dataset, and the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing dataset are utilized to conduct a cross-sectional analysis of 36 quality measures across 306 HRRs...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724031/methodological-challenges-in-the-use-of-focus-groups-with-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#13
Rosana Teresa Onocko-Campos, Alberto Rodolfo Giovanello Díaz, Catarina Magalhães Dahl, Erotildes Maria Leal, Octavio Domont de Serpa
This study addresses the practical, methodological and ethical challenges that were found in three studies that used focus groups with people with severe mental illness, in the context of community mental health services in Brazil. Focus groups are a powerful tool in health research that need to be better discussed in research with people with severe mental illness, in the context of community mental health facilities. This study is based on the authors' experience of conducting and analyzing focus groups in three different cities - Campinas, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador - between 2006-2010...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716395/-it-ruined-my-life-the-effects-of-the-war-on-drugs-on-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-rural-puerto-rico
#14
R Abadie, C Gelpi-Acosta, C Davila, A Rivera, M Welch-Lazoritz, K Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The War on Drugs has raised the incarceration rates of racial minorities for non-violent drug-related crimes, profoundly stigmatized drug users, and redirected resources from drug prevention and treatment to militarizing federal and local law enforcement. Yet, while some states consider shifting their punitive approach to drug use, to one based on drug treatment and rehabilitation, nothing suggests that these policy shifts are being replicated in Puerto Rico. METHODS: This paper utilizes data from 360 PWID residing in four rural towns in the mountainous area of central Puerto Rico...
July 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712355/using-digital-media-advertising-in-early-psychosis-intervention
#15
Michael L Birnbaum, Chantel Garrett, Amit Baumel, Maria Scovel, Asra F Rizvi, Whitney Muscat, John M Kane
OBJECTIVE: Identifying and engaging youth with early-stage psychotic disorders in order to facilitate timely treatment initiation remains a major public health challenge. Although advertisers routinely use the Internet to directly target consumers, limited efforts have focused on applying available technology to proactively encourage help-seeking in the mental health community. This study explores how one might take advantage of Google AdWords in order to reach prospective patients with early psychosis...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701562/nutritional-state-reveals-complex-consequences-of-risk-in-a-wild-predator-prey-community
#16
Philip D DeWitt, Matthew S Schuler, Darcy R Visscher, Richard P Thiel
Animal populations are regulated by the combined effects of top-down, bottom-up and abiotic processes. Ecologists have struggled to isolate these mechanisms because their effects on prey behaviour, nutrition, security and fitness are often interrelated. We monitored how forage, non-consumptive effects (NCEs), consumptive predation and climatic conditions influenced the demography and nutritional state of a wild prey population during predator recolonization. Combined measures of nutrition, survival and population growth reveal that predators imposed strong effects on the prey population through interacting non-consumptive and consumptive effects, and forage mechanisms...
July 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693434/symptom-burden-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Sameera Senanayake, Nalika Gunawardena, Paba Palihawadana, Palitha Bandara, Rashan Haniffa, R Karunarathna, Priyantha Kumara
BACKGROUND: Physical and psychological symptoms are among main manifestations of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). This study aimed to assess the symptom burden and self-perceived severity of symptoms among CKD patients living in a district in Sri Lanka. METHOD: A community based cross-sectional study included a sample of randomly selected 1174 CKD patients from all 19 Medical Officer of Health areas in the district of Anuradhapura. Trained para-medical staff visited the households and administered the locally validated questionnaire to assess the presence and severity of symptoms...
July 10, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688499/moderated-mediation-effect-of-self-esteem-on-the-relationship-between-parenting-stress-and-depression-according-to-employment-status-in-married-women-a-longitudinal-study-utilizing-data-from-panel-study-on-korean-children
#18
Jeong-Won Han, Ju Hee Kim
PURPOSE: This study was to examined the moderated mediation effect of self-esteem on the relationship between parenting stress and depression among married women with children using longitudinal data from the 3rd to 6th Panel Studies on Korean. METHODS: The data from the Panel Study of Korean Children (Korea Institute of Child Care and Education) was collected as part of a longitudinal inquiry of babies born in 2008, their parents and their community environments...
June 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684603/taking-stock-of-the-drosophila-research-ecosystem
#19
David Bilder, Kenneth D Irvine
With a century-old history of fundamental discoveries, the fruit fly has long been a favored experimental organism for a wide range of scientific inquiries. But Drosophila is not a "legacy" model organism; technical and intellectual innovations continue to revitalize fly research and drive advances in our understanding of conserved mechanisms of animal biology. Here, we provide an overview of this "ecosystem" and discuss how to address emerging challenges to ensure its continued productivity. Drosophila researchers are fortunate to have a sophisticated and ever-growing toolkit for the analysis of gene function...
July 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682709/knowing-being-and-doing-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-collaboration-in-cancer-services
#20
Joanna Zubrzycki, Rick Shipp, Victoria Jones
This qualitative inquiry explored the processes and practices of collaboration as experienced by a group of Australian multidisciplinary Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health workers. Each worker had participated, for a period of 2 to 5 years, in an Australian Government-funded project in which a range of health initiatives led to improved access to cancer services by Aboriginal communities in a rural region of South Eastern Australia. Initiatives which addressed high rates of mortality from cancer, poor access to cancer screening, and engagement with cancer treatment were developed through the formation of close working relationships between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health workers...
July 2017: Qualitative Health Research
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