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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623678/the-acculturation-language-and-learning-experiences-of-international-nursing-students-implications-for-nursing-education
#1
Creina Mitchell, Letitia Del Fabbro, Julie Shaw
BACKGROUND: International or foreign students are those who enrol in universities outside their country of citizenship. They face many challenges acculturating to and learning in a new country and education system, particularly if they study in an additional language. OBJECTIVES: This qualitative inquiry aimed to explore the learning and acculturating experiences of international nursing students to identify opportunities for teaching innovation to optimise the experiences and learning of international nursing students...
June 7, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620322/the-relationship-of-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-culturally-distinct-conflict-affected-population-a-study-among-west-papuan-refugees-displaced-to-papua-new-guinea
#2
Derrick Silove, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Moses Kareth, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Controversy continues about the validity of the construct of complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). In particular, questions remain whether C-PTSD can be differentiated from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and, secondarily, other common mental disorders. The examination of these issues needs to be expanded to populations of diverse cultural backgrounds exposed to prolonged persecution. We undertake such an inquiry among a community sample of West Papuan refugees exposed to extensive persecution and trauma...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619311/treating-individuals-with-amputations-in-therapeutic-massage-and-bodywork-practice-a-qualitative-study
#3
Sarah Shue, Ania Kania-Richmond, Thalia Mulvihill, Niki Munk
INTRODUCTION: Best practices for massage therapy and bodywork (TMB) treatment of individuals with amputations are not well established. Although anecdotal observations are available, they have limited applicability for informing effective massage therapy and bodywork approaches for individuals with amputations. This study is part of a multifaceted research program seeking to establish a foundation for education and investigation of TMB for amputation related conditions/symptomology. The purpose of this study was to understand how TMB practitioners approach and treat individuals with amputations and their perceptions of outcomes...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617001/providing-social-services-in-a-new-immigrant-settlement-city-a-qualitative-inquiry
#4
Nalini Junko Negi, Erin Maskell, Marci Goodman, Jenia Hooper, Jamie Roberts
Nationally, a new trend in migration has included the settlement of Latina/o immigrants in cities without an established community of Latinas/os. Social services become even more salient in this context in the absence of informal social networks of support. This study, guided by social ecological theory, advances our limited understanding of social services in new immigrant settlement destinations by elucidating contextual and structural factors endemic to the social service delivery process in these new immigrant destinations...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614377/spatial-distribution-of-child-pedestrian-injuries-along-census-tract-boundaries-implications-for-identifying-area-based-correlates
#5
Jacqueline W Curtis
Census tracts are often used to investigate area-based correlates of a variety of health outcomes. This approach has been shown to be valuable in understanding the ways that health is shaped by place and to design appropriate interventions that account for community-level processes. Following this line of inquiry, it is common in the study of pedestrian injuries to aggregate the point level locations of these injuries to the census tracts in which they occur. Such aggregation enables investigation of the relationships between a range of socioeconomic variables and areas of notably high or low incidence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603148/-put-it-near-the-indians-indigenous-perspectives-on-pulp-mill-contaminants-in-their-traditional-territories-pictou-landing-first-nation-canada
#6
Heather Castleden, Ella Bennett, Pictou Landing Group, Diana Lewis, Debbie Martin
BACKGROUND: Pictou Landing First Nation (PLFN), a small Mi'kmaw community on the Canadian east coast, has had a relationship with a tidal estuary known as A'se'k for millennia. In the 1960s, it became the site of effluent disposal from a nearby pulp mill. Almost immediately, health concerns regularly and consistently reverberated throughout the community. OBJECTIVES: The Pictou Landing Native Women's Group (PLNWG) formed a community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership with an academic team to conceptualize community well-being in the context of environment and human health connections...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583180/improving-hospital-at-home-for-frail-older-people-insights-from-a-quality-improvement-project-to-achieve-change-across-regional-health-and-social-care-sectors
#7
M Pearson, A Hemsley, R Blackwell, L Pegg, L Custerson
BACKGROUND: Against a background of rising numbers of frail older people, there is a need to improve quality and safety of services whilst containing costs. Improving patient outcomes requires change across hospital and community systems. Our objective was to change practice in order to deliver a Hospital at Home programme (admission avoidance and early supported discharge) for frail older people across a regional commissioning area. The programme, undertaken within the Northern, Eastern & Western Devon Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) sub-localities of Exeter (population 120,000) and Woodbury, Exmouth and Budleigh Salterton (towns with populations of around 10,000), involved reconfiguration of existing services rather than being a stand-alone intervention...
June 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578698/dictyexpress-a-web-based-platform-for-sequence-data-management-and-analytics-in-dictyostelium-and-beyond
#8
Miha Stajdohar, Rafael D Rosengarten, Janez Kokosar, Luka Jeran, Domen Blenkus, Gad Shaulsky, Blaz Zupan
BACKGROUND: Dictyostelium discoideum, a soil-dwelling social amoeba, is a model for the study of numerous biological processes. Research in the field has benefited mightily from the adoption of next-generation sequencing for genomics and transcriptomics. Dictyostelium biologists now face the widespread challenges of analyzing and exploring high dimensional data sets to generate hypotheses and discovering novel insights. RESULTS: We present dictyExpress (2.0), a web application designed for exploratory analysis of gene expression data, as well as data from related experiments such as Chromatin Immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-Seq)...
June 2, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570293/mother-s-lived-experience-during-repair-of-long-gap-esophageal-atresia-a-phenomenological-inquiry
#9
Patricia Fleck, Carole Kenner, Rhonda Board, Sandra Mott
BACKGROUND: Infants born with long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) pose unique physiologic risks in the newborn period. Anatomic and physiologic anomalies require an extended hospitalization with procedural analgesia and sedation that impact the mother's experience of birth, maternal response, and nurturing of her infant. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the meaning of experiences that mothers of infants born with LGEA encounter in the neonatal intensive care unit while their infant undergoes esophageal repair...
May 31, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569385/engaging-indigenous-families-in-a-community-based-indigenous-early-childhood-programme-in-british-columbia-canada-a-cultural-safety-perspective
#10
Alison J Gerlach, Annette J Browne, Margo Greenwood
This article is part of a larger study that explored how an Indigenous early intervention programme in British Columbia (BC), Canada, known as the 'Aboriginal Infant Development Program' (AIDP), influenced family and children's health and well-being and was responsive to child health inequities. Postcolonial feminist and Indigenous feminist perspectives provided a critical analytical lens to this qualitative inquiry. The study was undertaken with AIDPs based in diverse community organisations located in off-reserve urban municipalities throughout the province of BC...
June 1, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562836/healing-the-spirit-exploring-sexualized-trauma-and-recovery-among-indigenous-men-in-toronto
#11
Allison Reeves, Suzanne Stewart
Colonial policies in Canada have led to social disruption and intergenerational trauma across Indigenous nations, contributing to high rates of sexualized violence within many communities. While mental health and social science discourse has identified the harmful impacts of violence against Indigenous women in Canada, there continues to be a lack of focus on the unique mental health needs of Indigenous men in this regard. This article reviews the results of a nationally funded research study which looked at the mental health and healing needs of Indigenous men in Toronto who have experienced sexualized trauma...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562069/-we-need-to-deploy-them-very-thoughtfully-and-carefully-perceptions-of-analytical-treatment-interruptions-in-hiv-cure-research-in-the-united-states-a-qualitative-inquiry
#12
Karine Dube, David Evans, Lynda Dee, Laurie Sylla, Jeff Taylor, Asheley Skinner, Bryan J Weiner, Sandra B Greene, Stuart Rennie, Joseph D Tucker
Strategies to control HIV in the absence of ART are needed to cure HIV. However, such strategies will require analytical treatment interruptions (ATIs) to determine their efficacy. We investigated how U.S. stakeholders involved in HIV cure research perceive ATIs. We conducted 36 in-depth interviews with three groups of stakeholders: 12 people living with HIV (PLWHIV), 11 clinician-researchers, and 13 policy-makers/bioethicists. Qualitative data revealed several themes. First, there was little consensus on when ATIs would be ethically warranted...
May 31, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557014/a-narrative-evaluation-of-a-community-based-nurse-navigation-role-in-an-urban-at-risk-community
#13
Janice Feather, Nancy Carter, Ruta Valaitis, Helen Kirkpatrick
AIMS: To explore community members' stories of their experiences with a Nurse Navigator program serving an urban neighbourhood and primary care practice to address persistent health and social barriers adversely affecting health equity and well-being. BACKGROUND: In response to striking health and social inequalities existing across neighbourhoods in a large southern city in Ontario, Canada, a pilot program was designed to improve health and social outcomes in a specific 'at-risk' neighbourhood...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545774/integrating-faith-based-and-community-based-participatory-research-approaches-to-adapt-the-korean-parent-training-program
#14
Eunjung Kim, Doris Boutain, Sangho Kim, Jin-Joo Chun, Hyesang Im
PUEPOSE: Faith and community based inquiry approaches are rarely used to develop research interventions. The purpose of this article is to present how a research team worked with six Korean American Christian churches to revise the prototype Korean Parent Training Program (KPTP), based upon the Bright Futures Parenting Program. The collaboration was sought to better integrate and align the KPTP with Korean culture and faith. The KPTP was developed to promote positive parenting practices and decrease mental health disparities of Korean American children...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523966/relationship-centered-dementia-care-insights-from-a-community-based-culture-change-coalition
#15
Lorna de Witt, Darla Fortune
This article reports on the work of a community-based culture change coalition affiliated with the Partnerships in Dementia Care Alliance, a research network committed to strengthening dementia care through supporting relationship-centered care approaches. Research to date emphasizes negative aspects of dementia care relationships. Drawing on data the culture change coalition collected as part of their culture change work using participatory action research guided by appreciative inquiry, this article examines what relationship qualities contributed to positive dementia care experiences and how positive relationships were created...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514959/prevention-of-postpartum-haemorrhage-by-community-based-auxiliary-midwives-in-hard-to-reach-areas-of-myanmar-a-qualitative-inquiry-into-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-task-shifting
#16
Kyu Kyu Than, Yasmin Mohamed, Victoria Oliver, Theingi Myint, Thazin La, James G Beeson, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND: In Myanmar, postpartum haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality and contributes to around 30% of all maternal deaths. The World Health Organization recommends training and supporting auxiliary midwives to administer oral misoprostol for prevention of postpartum haemorrhage in resource-limited settings. However, use of misoprostol by auxiliary midwives has not formally been approved in Myanmar. Our study aimed to explore community and provider perspectives on the roles of auxiliary midwives and community-level provision of oral misoprostol by auxiliary midwives...
May 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509514/lay-public-s-use-of-a-support-group-for-general-dental-problems
#17
K K Walker, R D Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To categorize and tabulate layperson inquiries made to an Internet dental health support site to identify oral conditions and associated behaviors of concern. METHODS: A retrospective tabulation of wall postings was made from an established dental health support website hosted by WebMD over a 2-year period (April 2013-April 2015). A mixed method approach of content and thematic analysis was used. Content analysis identified content of oral health concerns, while thematic analysis using grounded theory identified themes and beliefs concerning associated behaviors...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494856/addressing-the-ethical-issues-raised-by-synthetic-human-entities-with-embryo-like-features
#18
John Aach, Jeantine Lunshof, Eswar Iyer, George M Church
The "14-day rule" for embryo research stipulates that experiments with intact human embryos must not allow them to develop beyond 14 days or the appearance of the primitive streak. However, recent experiments showing that suitably cultured human pluripotent stem cells can self-organize and recapitulate embryonic features have highlighted difficulties with the 14-day rule and led to calls for its reassessment. Here we argue that these and related experiments raise more foundational issues that cannot be fixed by adjusting the 14-day rule, because the framework underlying the rule cannot adequately describe the ways by which synthetic human entities with embryo-like features (SHEEFs) might develop morally concerning features through altered forms of development...
March 21, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492346/yoga-communities-and-eating-disorders-creating-safe-space-for-positive-embodiment
#19
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Laura Lee Douglass
With adequate education and guidance, yoga communities, as part of the therapeutic landscape in the 21st century, can play a significant role promoting positive embodiment for those with, and at-risk for, eating disorders (EDs). To do this, yoga teachers need to know how to create a body-positive community and be able to recognize and respond to those at risk and struggling with EDs in their communities. In order to address yoga teaching methods associated with EDs and ED risk, broader conceptual approaches and specific practices associated with positive embodiment are offered...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474752/parents-experiences-of-caring-for-preterm-infants-after-discharge-with-grandmothers-as-their-main-support
#20
Esther Abena Adama, Sara Bayes, Deborah Sundin
AIM: To explore parents of preterm infants' experiences of caring for their preterm infants with the grandmother as their primary support after discharge. BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery is the major cause of high neonatal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is poor neonatal health outcome in the Ghanaian community with some illnesses culturally classified as not-for-hospital. In the community, grandmothers or elderly women provide support for new parents and decide treatment options for sick infants...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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