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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096066/-happiness-inventors-informing-positive-computing-technologies-through-participatory-design-with-children
#1
Svetlana Yarosh, Stephen Matthew Schueller
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological interventions for children have typically focused on direct adaptations of interventions developed for adults. As the community moves toward designing positive computing technologies to support child well-being, it is important to use a more participatory process that directly engages children's voices. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were, through a participatory design study, to understand children's interpretations of positive psychology concepts, as well as their perspectives on technologies that are best suited to enhance their engagement with practice of well-being skills...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095933/understanding-older-adults-resilience-during-the-brisbane-floods-social-capital-life-experience-and-optimism
#2
Lauren Brockie, Evonne Miller
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how social capital or the impact of life and previous disaster experience facilitated resilience in older adults who experienced the 2011 and 2013 floods in Brisbane, Australia. METHODS: Data were drawn from in-depth interviews of 10 older adults from Brisbane who were evacuated in both the 2011 and 2013 floods. A combined qualitative approach drawing from the methods of constructivist grounded theory and narrative inquiry was applied and the data were analyzed by using (inductive) line-by-line and axial coding...
January 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077123/daily-actions-challenges-and-needs-among-dutch-parents-while-supporting-the-participation-of-their-child-with-a-physical-disability-at-home-at-school-and-in-the-community-a-qualitative-diary-study
#3
Barbara Piškur, Anna J H M Beurskens, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Marian J Jongmans, Barbara M Casparie, Rob J E M Smeets
BACKGROUND: Parents have a vital influence on the participation of their child with a physical disability. The aim of this study is to gain insight into parents' own daily actions, challenges, and needs while supporting their child with a physical disability at home, at school, and in the community. An additional objective of this study is to refine the preliminary thematic framework previously identified in a scoping review. METHODS: A qualitative research inquiry was performed based on using a diary over a 7-day period to gather data...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018119/demystifying-the-victimized-state-a-civil-military-crisis-in-waiting
#4
Ross McGarry
The purpose of this article is to illustrate prescient issues relating to current and ex-military communities in the United Kingdom who have featured heavily within the policy arena over the past decade in relation to several key areas of importance. It will be illustrated how this population becomes visible within the public imagination (via military losses), how discourses relating to the harms they experience are structured and articulated within political and policy domains (particularly in relation to mental health) via "state talk" (qua Sim), and what the potential social consequences are for politically rendering an unproblematized populist view of current and ex-military communities (i...
January 2017: Illness, Crises, and Loss
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981658/shedding-the-cobra-effect-problematising-thematic-emergence-triangulation-saturation-and-member-checking
#5
Lara Varpio, Rola Ajjawi, Lynn V Monrouxe, Bridget C O'Brien, Charlotte E Rees
CONTEXT: Qualitative research is widely accepted as a legitimate approach to inquiry in health professions education (HPE). To secure this status, qualitative researchers have developed a variety of strategies (e.g. reliance on post-positivist qualitative methodologies, use of different rhetorical techniques, etc.) to facilitate the acceptance of their research methodologies and methods by the HPE community. Although these strategies have supported the acceptance of qualitative research in HPE, they have also brought about some unintended consequences...
January 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957436/framework-for-establishment-of-a-comprehensive-and-standardized-administration-system-for-prevention-and-control-of-tuberculosis-in-college-student-community-in-china
#6
Shaoru Zhang, Xiaohong Li, Tianhua Zhang, Xiangni Wang, Weiping Liu, Xuexue Ma, Yuelu Li, Yahui Fan
BACKGROUND: College student community is the one with high risk of tuberculosis (TB). A systemic and standardized administration model for prevention and control of TB is significance in controlling TB spread in universities. Currently, the universities in China have not established the comprehensive and standardized administration system for TB prevention and control in college student community. METHODS: Firstly, the literature research and brainstorming method (n=13) were used to construct the clause and sub-clause pool for the administration of TB prevention and control within college student community in 2014...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918180/tweeting-negative-emotion-an-investigation-of-twitter-data-in-the-aftermath-of-violence-on-college-campuses
#7
Nickolas M Jones, Sean P Wojcik, Josiah Sweeting, Roxane Cohen Silver
Studying communities impacted by traumatic events is often costly, requires swift action to enter the field when disaster strikes, and may be invasive for some traumatized respondents. Typically, individuals are studied after the traumatic event with no baseline data against which to compare their postdisaster responses. Given these challenges, we used longitudinal Twitter data across 3 case studies to examine the impact of violence near or on college campuses in the communities of Isla Vista, CA, Flagstaff, AZ, and Roseburg, OR, compared with control communities, between 2014 and 2015...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913419/benzene-degradation-by-variovorax-sp-within-a-coal-tar-contaminated-groundwater-microbial-community
#8
Kevin M Posman, Christopher M DeRito, Eugene L Madsen
: Investigations of environmental microbial communities are crucial for the discovery of populations capable of degrading hazardous compounds and may lead to improved bioremediation strategies. The goal of this study was to identify microorganisms responsible for aerobic benzene degradation in coal-tar contaminated groundwater. Benzene degradation was monitored in laboratory incubations of well waters using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Stable isotope probing (SIP) experiments using (13)C-benzene allowed us to obtain (13)C-labled community DNA; from this, 16S rRNA clone libraries identified γ- and β-Proteobacteria as the active benzene metabolizing microbial populations...
December 2, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#9
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901268/forecasting-pollination-declines-through-dna-barcoding-the-potential-contributions-of-macroecological-and-macroevolutionary-scales-of-inquiry
#10
Jana C Vamosi, Yan-Bing Gong, Sarah J Adamowicz, Laurence Packer
While pollinators are widely acknowledged as important contributors to seed production in plant communities, we do not yet have a good understanding of the importance of pollinator specialists for this ecosystem service. Determination of the prevalence of pollinator specialists is often hindered by the occurrence of cryptic species and the limitations of observational data on pollinator visitation rates, two areas where DNA barcoding of pollinators and pollen can be useful. Further, the demonstrated adequacy of pollen DNA barcoding from historical records offers opportunities to observe the effects of pollinator loss over longer timescales, and phylogenetic approaches can elucidate the historical rates of extinction of specialist lineages...
November 30, 2016: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891087/a-monte-carlo-evaluation-of-weighted-community-detection-algorithms
#11
Kathleen M Gates, Teague Henry, Doug Steinley, Damien A Fair
The past decade has been marked with a proliferation of community detection algorithms that aim to organize nodes (e.g., individuals, brain regions, variables) into modular structures that indicate subgroups, clusters, or communities. Motivated by the emergence of big data across many fields of inquiry, these methodological developments have primarily focused on the detection of communities of nodes from matrices that are very large. However, it remains unknown if the algorithms can reliably detect communities in smaller graph sizes (i...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859630/does-environmental-experience-shape-spatial-cognition-frames-of-reference-among-ancash-quechua-speakers-peru
#12
Joshua A Shapero
Previous studies have shown that language contributes to humans' ability to orient using landmarks and shapes their use of frames of reference (FoRs) for memory. However, the role of environmental experience in shaping spatial cognition has not been investigated. This study addresses such a possibility by examining the use of FoRs in a nonverbal spatial memory task among residents of an Andean community in Peru. Participants consisted of 97 individuals from Ancash Quechua-speaking households (8-77 years of age) who spoke Quechua and/or Spanish and varied considerably with respect to the extent of their experience in the surrounding landscape...
November 17, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855575/a-demonstration-of-mixed-methods-research-in-the-health-sciences
#13
Janet Katz, Roxanne Vandermause, Sterling McPherson, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker
Background The growth of patient, community and population-centred nursing research is a rationale for the use of research methods that can examine complex healthcare issues, not only from a biophysical perspective, but also from cultural, psychosocial and political viewpoints. This need for multiple perspectives requires mixed-methods research. Philosophy and practicality are needed to plan, conduct, and make mixed-methods research more broadly accessible to the health sciences research community. The traditions and dichotomy between qualitative and quantitative research makes the application of mixed methods a challenge...
November 18, 2016: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851710/a-community-hospital-s-evaluation-of-alarm-management-safety-factors
#14
Emma Kurnat-Thoma, Kayuri Shah
BACKGROUND: The Joint Commission's 2014 National Patient Safety Goals required hospitals to evaluate alarm safety in 2014-2015 and implement alarm safety policies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess common alarm management safety factors in our 187-bed community hospital. METHODS: Two weeks' worth of IV pump report data was evaluated to characterize 33 IV pump alarm types. Hospital and IV pump noise was measured, and an alarm management nurse survey was conducted...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833398/intersections-of-critical-systems-thinking-and-community-based-participatory-research-a-learning-organization-example-with-the-autistic-community
#15
Dora M Raymaker
Critical systems thinking (CST) and community based participatory research (CBPR) are distinct approaches to inquiry which share a primary commitment to holism and human emancipation, as well as common grounding in critical theory and emancipatory and pragmatic philosophy. This paper explores their intersections and complements on a historical, philosophical, and theoretical level, and then proposes a hybrid approach achieved by applying CBPR's principles and considerations for operationalizing emancipatory practice to traditional systems thinking frameworks and practices...
October 2016: Systemic Practice and Action Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829008/examining-the-gap-between-science-and-public-opinion-about-genetically-modified-food-and-global-warming
#16
Brandon R McFadden
There is great uncertainty due to challenges of escalating population growth and climate change. Public perception that diverges from the scientific community may decrease the effectiveness of scientific inquiry and innovation as tools to solve these challenges. The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with the divergence of public opinion from scientific consensus regarding the safety of genetically modified (GM) foods and human involvement in global warming (GW). Results indicate that the effects of knowledge on public opinion are complex and non-uniform across types of knowledge (i...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810867/alternative-realities-faculty-and-student-perceptions-of-instructional-practices-in-laboratory-courses
#17
Christopher W Beck, Lawrence S Blumer
Curricular reform efforts depend on our ability to determine how courses are taught and how instructional practices affect student outcomes. In this study, we developed a 30-question survey on inquiry-based learning and assessment in undergraduate laboratory courses that was administered to 878 students in 54 courses (41 introductory level and 13 upper level) from 20 institutions (four community colleges, 11 liberal arts colleges, and five universities, of which four were minority-serving institutions). On the basis of an exploratory factor analysis, we defined five constructs: metacognition, feedback and assessment, scientific synthesis, science process skills, and instructor-directed teaching...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802069/a-community-needs-assessment-for-the-development-of-an-interprofessional-palliative-care-training-curriculum
#18
Heather Coats, Tia Paganelli, Helene Starks, Taryn Lindhorst, Anne Starks Acosta, Larry Mauksch, Ardith Doorenbos
BACKGROUND: There is a known shortage of trained palliative care professionals, and an even greater shortage of professionals who have been trained through interprofessional curricula. As part of an institutional Palliative Care Training Center grant, a core team of interprofessional palliative care academic faculty and staff completed a state-wide palliative care educational assessment to determine the needs for an interprofessional palliative care training program. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the process and results of our community needs assessment of interprofessional palliative care educational needs in Washington state...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798049/the-big-picture-unfolds-using-photovoice-to-study-user-participation-in-mental-health-services
#19
Jessica Pui-Shan Tang, Samson Tse, Larry Davidson
BACKGROUND: User participation is advocated on the basis that consumers know their own needs better than anyone else. Photovoice is a participatory research method that empowers the grass-root population to give voice on concerned issues for eliciting social change. AIM: This study explores the experience and impact of user participation in mental health services (MHS) in Hong Kong through photovoice. It also examines the effects of this method in studying user participation...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793357/and-then-the-internet-happened-thoughts-on-the-future-of-concept-mapping
#20
Daniel McLinden
Over 25 years ago, in the late twentieth century, concept mapping emerged as a mixed method approach to inquiry that enables a group of people to conceptualize their thinking about a specific topic. Since then, the application of concept mapping has spread widely and an easy prediction for the future is that this trend is likely to continue; a more important and greater challenge is to think about the ways in which concept mapping may and should evolve. Discussed here are thoughts about the future of concept mapping including some predictions of likely directions and suggestions for new possibilities...
February 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
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