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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225425/free-market-ideology-and-deregulation-in-colorado-s-oilfields-evidence-for-triple-movement-activism
#1
Stephanie A Malin, Adam Mayer, Kelly Shreeve, Shawn K Olson-Hazboun, John Adgate
Unconventional oil and gas extraction (UOGE) has spurred an unprecedented boom in on-shore production in the U.S. Despite a surge in related research, a void exists regarding inquiries into policy outcomes and perceptions. To address this, support for federal regulatory exemptions for UOGE is examined using survey data collected in 2015 from two northern Colorado communities. Current regulatory exemptions for UOGE can be understood as components of broader societal processes of neoliberalization. Free market ideology increases public support for federal regulatory exemptions for UOGE...
2017: Environmental Politics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224461/a-qualitative-inquiry-addressing-the-experience-of-depression-in-impoverished-ethnically-diverse-women-implications-for-developing-a-community-based-model
#2
Sara E Banzhaf, Mary Kunes-Connell
BACKGROUND: Literature suggests that a disparity exists relative to the higher prevalence of depression among the population of impoverished ethnically diverse women, the services available, and care received resulting in a significant health issue for women. OBJECTIVES: An exploratory-descriptive qualitative study explored the experiences of depression among the population and key stakeholders to inform the development of a community-based program to reduce depression and improve the quality of life of ethnically diverse women residing in an urban community...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209863/patient-reported-common-symptoms-as-an-assessment-of-interventions-in-medication-reviews-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Tim W A Schoenmakers, Michel Wensing, Peter A G M De Smet, Martina Teichert
Background A 'Patient-Reported Outcome Measure, Inquiry into Side Effects' (PROMISE) instrument was developed for patients to report common symptoms in clinical medication reviews. Objective To determine changes in patient-reported drug-associated symptoms collected by PROMISE before and after community pharmacist-led clinical medication reviews compared with usual care. Setting Community pharmacies in the Netherlands. Methods Patients were randomised into an intervention group (IG) and a control group (CG)...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206357/understanding-uptake-of-an-intervention-to-accelerate-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-in-uganda-via-qualitative-inquiry
#4
Fred C Semitala, Carol S Camlin, Jeanna Wallenta, Leatitia Kampiire, Richard Katuramu, Gideon Amanyire, Jennifer Namusobya, Wei Chang, James G Kahn, Edwin D Charlebois, Diane V Havlir, Moses R Kamya, Elvin H Geng
INTRODUCTION: The Streamlined Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Strategy (START-ART) study found that a theory-based intervention using opinion leaders to inform and coach health care providers about the risks of treatment delay, provision of point of care (POC) CD4 testing machines (PIMA) and reputational incentives, led to rapid rise in ART initiation. We used qualitative research methods to explore mechanisms of provider behaviour change. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews (IDIs) with 24 health care providers and nine study staff to understand perceptions, attitudes and the context of changes in ART initiation practices...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188911/-physical-structure-human-resources-and-health-care-quality-indicators-in-public-hospital-emergency-departments-in-the-autonomous-communities-of-madrid-and-catalonia-a-comparative-study
#5
Carmen Del Arco Galán, Belén Rodríguez Miranda, Juan González Del Castillo, César Carballo, Carlos Bibiano Guillén, Santiago Artillo, Òscar Miró, F Javier Martín-Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To compare the general, structural, and organizational characteristics of public hospital emergency departments in the Spanish autonomous communities of Madrid and Catalonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive survey-based study covering 3 areas of inquiry: general hospital features (18 questions), structural features of the emergency department (14 questions), and organizational and work-related policies of the emergency department (30 questions). Hospitals were grouped according to complexity: local hospitals (level 1), high-technology or referral hospitals (levels 2-3)...
2017: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181598/history-as-a-biomedical-matter-recent-reassessments-of-the-first-cases-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Lara Keuck
This paper examines medical scientists' accounts of their rediscoveries and reassessments of old materials. It looks at how historical patient files and brain samples of the first cases of Alzheimer's disease became reused as scientific objects of inquiry in the 1990s, when a genetic neuropathologist from Munich and a psychiatrist from Frankfurt lead searches for left-overs of Alzheimer's 'founder cases' from the 1900s. How and why did these researchers use historical methods, materials and narratives, and why did the biomedical community cherish their findings as valuable scientific facts about Alzheimer's disease? The paper approaches these questions by analysing how researchers conceptualised 'history' while backtracking and reassessing clinical and histological materials from the past...
November 27, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176341/community-based-home-health-programs-and-chronic-disease-synthesis-of-the-literature
#7
Tonya Vandiver, Tracy Anderson, Brittani Boston, Cynthia Bowers, Norma Hall
PURPOSE OF STUDY: This article reviewed and evaluated literature on the various community-based home health programs and their effectiveness at preventing hospital admissions in adults. The research question addressed is as follows: Do community-based home health programs decrease hospital admissions in adult patients with chronic disease? PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING: The primary practice setting evaluated in this review of the literature was community-based home health programs...
January 2018: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162150/a-content-analysis-of-dissemination-and-implementation-science-resource-initiatives-what-types-of-resources-do-they-offer-to-advance-the-field
#8
Doyanne Darnell, Caitlin N Dorsey, Abigail Melvin, Jonathan Chi, Aaron R Lyon, Cara C Lewis
BACKGROUND: The recent growth in organized efforts to advance dissemination and implementation (D & I) science suggests a rapidly expanding community focused on the adoption and sustainment of evidence-based practices (EBPs). Although promising for the D & I of EBPs, the proliferation of initiatives is difficult for any one individual to navigate and summarize. Such proliferation may also result in redundant efforts or missed opportunities for participation and advancement. A review of existing D & I science resource initiatives and their unique merits would be a significant step for the field...
November 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143223/accelerating-and-strengthening-native-american-health-research-through-a-collaborative-nih-initiative
#9
Aria Davis Crump, Kathy Etz, Judith A Arroyo, Nanci Hemberger, Shobha Srinivasan
This paper is intended to provide an overview of the considerations that informed the development of a National Institutes of Health funding opportunity to promote health and prevent disease in Native Americans, including American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian communities. NIH Institute staff thoughtfully considered epidemiologic research findings and feedback from constituents regarding the need for more published research overall and stronger prevention efforts to address persistent health concerns affecting many Native communities...
November 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#10
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137609/a-comparative-content-analysis-of-media-reporting-of-sports-betting-in-australia-lessons-for-public-health-media-advocacy-approaches
#11
Jennifer L David, Samantha L Thomas, Melanie Randle, Steven J Bowe, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a significant public health issue. There has been widespread discussion in the Australian media about the extent and impact of sports betting on the Australian community, particularly relating to young men and children. Given the role that the media plays in influencing policy change and political agendas, and the acknowledgement that media based advocacy is a fundamental component of successful advocacy campaigns, this research aimed to investigate how different stakeholder groups discuss sports betting within the Australian print media...
November 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131729/yoga-communities-and-eating-disorders-creating-safe-space-for-positive-embodiment
#12
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Laura Lee Douglass
With adequate education and guidance, yoga communities, as part of the therapeutic landscape in the 21st century, can play a significant role promoting positive embodiment for those with, and at-risk for, eating disorders (EDs). To do this, yoga teachers need to know how to create a body-positive community and be able to recognize and respond to those at risk and struggling with EDs in their communities. In order to address yoga teaching methods associated with EDs and ED risk, broader conceptual approaches and specific practices associated with positive embodiment are offered...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119410/africanizing-science-in-post-colonial-kenya-long-term-field-research-in-the-amboseli-ecosystem-1963-1989
#13
Amanda E Lewis
Following Kenya's independence in 1963, scientists converged on an ecologically sensitive area in southern Kenya on the northern slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro called Amboseli. This region is the homeland of the Ilkisongo Maasai who grazed this ecosystem along with the wildlife of interest to the scientists. Biologists saw opportunities to study this complex community, an environment rich in biological diversity. The Amboseli landscape proved to be fertile ground for testing new methods and lines of inquiry in the biological sciences that were generalizable and important for shaping natural resource management policies in Kenya...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118067/a-comparison-of-cognitive-presence-in-asynchronous-and-synchronous-discussions-in-an-online-dental-hygiene-course
#14
Amy L Molnar, Rachel C Kearney
Purpose: Many dental hygiene degree completion (34) and graduate (14) programs offer the majority or all of their course offerings online. While the concept of real-time video web-conferencing has been realized through advances in technology, only 5% of dental hygiene programs report utilizing real-time technologies. The purpose of this study was to use the Community of Inquiry Framework to observe and compare the development of cognitive presence and critical thinking between two different methods of online discussion; asynchronous discussion boards and synchronous video web-conferences...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081571/beyond-multispecies-ethnography-engaging-with-violence-and-animal-rights-in-anthropology
#15
REVIEW
Helen Kopnina
Anthropologists have mediated between discriminated communities and outsiders, helping to influence public opinion through advocacy work. But can anthropological advocacy be applied to the case of violence against nonhumans? Ethical inquiries in anthropology also engage with the manifold ways through which human and nonhuman lives are entangled and emplaced within wider ecological relationships, converging in the so-called multispecies ethnography, but failing to account for exploitation. Reflecting on this omission, this article discusses the applicability of engaged anthropology to the range of issues from the use of nonhumans in medical experimentation and food production industry, to habitat destruction, and in broader contexts involving violence against nonhumans...
September 2017: Critique of Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073512/the-stories-of-nursing-student-repeaters-a-narrative-inquiry-study
#16
Lisa Scandale Lewis
This narrative inquiry study examined community college nursing student repeaters, who failed a required nursing course and then went on to repeat the course. The purpose of this study was to learn about the experience of this group of students who are at high risk for attrition. While each participant had a unique story, common narratives emerged and were presented as storylines. Two storylines that are new to the literature were: Repeating is an Emotional Journey, and Ultimately Repeating was the Best Thing for Me...
October 17, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068366/strengthening-the-referral-system-through-social-capital-a-qualitative-inquiry-in-ghana
#17
Padmore Adusei Amoah, David R Phillips
The referral system in health care has been noted as very influential in determining which services are accessed and when. Nonetheless, existing studies have relied on specific measurable factors relating to health personnel, transportation and communication infrastructure, and finance to explain the challenges facing the referral policy in developing countries. While this is understandable, the role of social capital remains mostly uncharted even though it is implicit in the well-known lay referral system...
October 25, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065812/grant-writing-moving-from-generating-ideas-to-applying-to-grants-that-matter
#18
David Nelson, Leslie Ruffalo
There is an extraordinary burden placed upon the healthcare system and people as a result of health disparities that exist within the United States. If there is going to be a concerted effort to develop innovative strategies to reduce health disparities, input from the community and behavioral scientists can and should be included in this approach and narrative. Grant writing provides one vehicle to express the narrative and to provide a means to fund research and programs within clinic-based and community settings...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058603/incorporating-religion-and-spirituality-into-the-design-of-community-based-physical-activity-programs-for-african-american-women-a-qualitative-inquiry
#19
Rodney P Joseph, Barbara E Ainsworth, LaTanya Mathis, Steven P Hooker, Colleen Keller
OBJECTIVE: Limited research has examined how aspects of religion and spirituality can be incorporated into community-based physical activity programs delivered outside of religious institutions. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore how spirituality and religion can be leveraged in the design of community-based physical activity programs for African American women delivered outside of faith-based or faith-placed settings. RESULTS: Three focus groups were conducted were conducted with 23 African American women (M age = 37...
October 23, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058564/developing-standards-for-an-integrated-approach-to-workplace-facilitation-for-interprofessional-teams-in-health-and-social-care-contexts-a-delphi-study
#20
Anne Martin, Kim Manley
Integration of health and social care forms part of health and social care policy in many countries worldwide in response to changing health and social care needs. The World Health Organization's appeal for systems to manage the global epidemiologic transition advocates for provision of care that crosses boundaries between primary, community, hospital, and social care. However, the focus on structural and process changes has not yielded the full benefit of expected advances in care delivery. Facilitating practice in the workplace is a widely recognised cornerstone for developments in the delivery of health and social care as collaborative and inclusive relationships enable frontline staff to develop effective workplace cultures that influence whether transformational change is achieved and maintained...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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