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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661249/using-qualitative-and-community-based-engagement-approaches-to-gain-access-and-to-develop-a-culturally-appropriate-sti-prevention-intervention-for-foreign-female-entertainment-workers-in-singapore
#1
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Olive N Y Cheung, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Hanh Hao La, Thein Than Win, Roy Chan, Mee Lian Wong
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global movement of foreign female entertainment workers (FEWs), a hard-to-reach population vulnerable to HIV/STIs. This paper described the needs assessment phase before intervention implementation where the socio-organisation, sexual risk behaviours and access to health services of foreign FEWs in Singapore were explored. We also highlighted how qualitative inquiry, census enumeration technique and community-based engagement approaches were used to gain access and to develop a culturally appropriate STI prevention intervention...
April 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650869/-introduction-of-pbpm-and-its-effects-for-a-home-care-support-clinic
#2
Hirofumi Imajo, Ryoko Ogawa, Toyoka Oka, Satoru Hasegawa, Eri Hirata, Masato Kishimoto, Keigo Yasukawa, Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
Medical teams have been promoted in home care. It is possible for pharmacists who are part of a multidisciplinary team to maintain safety and improve the quality of medical care. Protocol-based pharmacotherapy management(PBPM)is recommended for cooperation between the pharmacist and the doctor in the management of pharmacotherapy. In order to introduce PBPM, it is necessary for the pharmacist and the doctor to cooperate and to extract the problems in community medicine. In this study, the clinic pharmacist examined the problem of unnecessary inquiries and proposed PBPM...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649672/leading-up-to-saying-yes-a-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-of-patients-with-refractory-epilepsy-regarding-presurgical-investigation-for-resective-surgery
#3
Patti Shih, Armin Nikpour, Andrew Bleasel, Geoffrey Herkes, Rebecca Mitchell, Rebecca Seah, Virginia Mumford, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Sanjyot Vagholkar, Frances Rapport
OBJECTIVES: Adult patients with refractory epilepsy who are potential candidates for resective surgery undergo a period of presurgical investigation in tertiary epilepsy centers (TECs), where they engage extensively with healthcare professionals and receive a range of treatment-related information. This qualitative study aimed to examine the experiences of adult patients with refractory epilepsy leading up to and during presurgical investigation and how their perceptions of resective surgery are shaped...
April 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648944/parents-concerns-regarding-the-growth-characteristics-of-their-adolescents-a-qualitative-inquiry-in-iran
#4
Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Parvaneh Rezasoltani, AbouAli Vedadhir, Ziba Taghizadeh, Seyyed Hossein Samadanifard
In recent times, parents have become increasingly concerned, both subjectively and objectively, about their adolescents' body height/weight growth. Parent-adolescent interactions about this issue and the potential socio-psychological consequences of such interactions should be considered as an important influencing factor on the future of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health. To achieve a greater understanding of such concerns, it is necessary to further elucidate parents' experiences on this topic, so as to expand the existing literature...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644621/exploring-dynamism-of-cultural-ecosystems-services-through-a-review-of-environmental-education-research
#5
REVIEW
Rachelle K Gould, Kimberly Coleman, Sonya Buglion Gluck
The field of cultural ecosystem services (CES) explores the non-material benefits that ecosystems provide to people. Human perceptions and valuations change, for many reasons and in many ways; research on CES, however, rarely accounts for this dynamism. In an almost entirely separate academic world, research on environmental education (EE) explores how EE programming affects peoples' attitudes and values toward the natural world. In this review of 119 EE research publications, we explore whether CES (and the adjacent concept of relational values) can be dynamic...
April 11, 2018: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614148/clinical-inquiries-how-well-do-polst-forms-assure-that-patients-get-the-end-of-life-care-they-requested
#6
Jordan Collier, Gary Kelsberg, Sarah Safranek
Quite well, for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Most patients (91%-100%) who select "do not resuscitate" (DNR) on their physician's orders for life-sustaining treatment (POLST) forms are allowed a natural death without attempted CPR across a variety of settings (community, skilled nursing facilities, emergency medical services, and hospice). Few patients (6%) who select "comfort measures only" die in the hospital, whereas more (22%) who choose "limited interventions," and still more (34%) without a POLST form, die in the hospital (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, large, consistent cross-sectional and cohort studies)...
April 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610417/a-national-research-agenda-for-the-transition-of-youth-with-autism
#7
Paul T Shattuck, Lynette Lau, Kristy A Anderson, Alice A Kuo
In this article, we outline a national research agenda to improve the transition to adulthood among youth with autism. We synthesized the results from 5 interconnected sets of activities: (1) a scoping review of published autism research and research priority statements, (2) a series of key informant interviews with stakeholders, (3) a 2-day National Research Agenda meeting, (4) a modified Delphi survey of stakeholders, and (5) 2 formal reviews of published literature on autism and transition. We identified 2 overarching priorities to advance research about autism and transition: (1) increased focus on community- and systems-level factors that influence outcomes with population-level approaches to measuring outcomes and (2) greater involvement of people with autism in establishing research priorities, designing research studies, and producing study findings and recommendations...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606697/establishing-new-community-based-participatory-research-partnerships-using-the-community-based-participatory-research-charrette-model-lessons-from-the-cancer-health-accountability-for-managing-pain-and-symptoms-study
#8
Cleo A Samuel, Alexandra F Lightfoot, Jennifer Schaal, Christina Yongue, Kristin Black, Katrina Ellis, Linda Robertson, Beth Smith, Nora Jones, Karen Foley, Jemeia Kollie, Alicia Mayhand, Claire Morse, Fatima Guerrab, Eugenia Eng
BACKGROUND: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a collaborative and equitable approach to research inquiry; however, the process of establishing and maintaining CBPR partnerships can be challenging. There is an ongoing need for innovative strategies that foster partnership development and long-term sustainability. In 2010, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill developed a CBPR charrette model to facilitate stakeholder engagement in translational research. OBJECTIVE: To describe how the Cancer Health Accountability for Managing Pain and Symptoms (CHAMPS) Study leveraged the CBPR charrette process to develop and strengthen its CBPR partnership and successfully implement research objectives...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599991/older-people-and-their-families-perceptions-about-their-experiences-with-interprofessional-teams
#9
Sherry Dahlke, Kim Steil, Rosalie Freund-Heritage, Marnie Colborne, Susan Labonte, Adrian Wagg
Aim: To examine older people and their families' perceptions about their experiences with interprofessional teams. Design: Naturalistic inquiry using qualitative descriptive methods to provide a comprehensive summary of older people and their families' experiences with interprofessional teams. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 22 people from 11 families. The families had experiences with teams in a variety of settings, such as community, residential care and hospital...
April 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597874/the-role-and-influence-of-prostate-cancer-caregivers-across-the-care-continuum
#10
Esther Piervil, Folakemi Odedina, Mary Ellen Young
BACKGROUND: Black men endure a disproportionate burden of morbidity and mortality related to prostate cancer (CaP). Increasingly family members are assuming the role of providing care and support to family members with chronic disease. Understanding the role and influence of the caregiver is a necessary part of developing resources to assist individuals learning to provide care. AIM: The analysis aimed to explore CaP survivors' perceptions of the role and influence of family caregivers to better understand existing opportunities for improving experiences and outcomes for both the caregiver and the care receiver...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566621/the-living-experience-of-suffering-a-parse-method-study
#11
Judith D Hart
The purpose of this study was to investigate the humanuniverse living experience of suffering. The Parse method was used to answer the question: What is the structure of the living experience of suffering? The participants were 10 adults living in the community. The finding of the study, the structure of the living experience of suffering, was found to be as follows: Suffering is anguishing desolation with varied alliances arising with envisioning anew. The living experience of suffering is discussed in relation to the principles of the humanbecoming paradigm and in relation to further research inquiries...
April 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558837/cracking-the-egg-potential-traditional-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-a-food-based-nutrition-intervention-in-highland-ecuador
#12
William F Waters, Carlos Andres Gallegos, Celia Karp, Chessa Lutter, Christine Stewart, Lora Iannotti
BACKGROUND: Food-based interventions can reduce the prevalence of undernutrition and improve household food security, but nutritious and accessible foods may be underutilized. In Ecuador, eggs are inexpensive and widely available, but while they are a valuable source of essential nutrients for infants and young children, medical advice and community-based information have limited their inclusion in infants' diets. OBJECTIVE: A qualitative component was conducted to understand local perceptions, knowledge, and practices to complement a randomized control trial that studied the effect of introducing eggs on nutritional status and growth in infants from 6 to 9 months in rural communities in the highland province of Cotopaxi, Ecuador...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546634/lessons-from-philippines-mpa-management-social-ecological-interactions-participation-and-mpa-performance
#13
Julia Twichell, Richard Pollnac, Patrick Christie
International interest in increasing marine protected area (MPA) coverage reflects broad recognition of the MPA as a key tool for marine ecosystems and fisheries management. Nevertheless, effective management remains a significant challenge. The present study contributes to enriching an understanding of best practices for MPA management through analysis of archived community survey data collected in the Philippines by the Learning Project (LP), a collaboration with United States Coral Triangle Initiative (USCTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and partners...
March 15, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546486/american-indian-women-cancer-survivor-s-needs-and-preferences-community-support-for-cancer-experiences
#14
Catherine E Burnette, Soonhee Roh, Jessica Liddell, Yeon-Shim Lee
Cancer (the focus of this inquiry) is the leading cause of death among American Indian and Alaska Native women. The purpose of this study was to identify American Indian women cancer survivors' needs and preferences related to community supports for their cancer experience. This qualitative study examined female American Indian cancer survivors' needs and preferences about community support. The sample included 43 American Indian women cancer survivors (the types of cancer survivors included cervical cancer: n = 14; breast cancer: n = 14; and colon and other types: n = 15) residing in the Northern Plains region, in the state of South Dakota...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544358/lessons-learned-in-the-implementation-of-healthesteps-an-evidence-based-healthy-lifestyle-program
#15
P Karen Simmavong, Loretta M Hillier, Robert J Petrella
Health eSteps is a pragmatic, evidence-based lifestyle prescription program aimed at reducing the rates of chronic disease, in particular, type 2 diabetes. A process evaluation was completed to assess the feasibility of the implementation of HealtheSteps in primary care and community-based settings across Canada. Key informant interviews (program providers and participants) were conducted to identify facilitators and barriers to implementation and opportunities for future program adaptation and improvement...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523568/identifying-priority-policy-issues-and-health-system-research-questions-associated-with-recovery-outcomes-for-burns-survivors-in-india-a-qualitative-inquiry
#16
Jagnoor Jagnoor, Sheree Bekker, Shobha Chamania, Tom Potokar, Rebecca Ivers
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify priority policy issues and health system research questions associated with recovery outcomes for burns survivors in India. DESIGN: Qualitative inquiry; data were collected through semistructured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. SETTING: Nine sites in urban and rural settings across India, through primary, secondary and tertiary health facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Healthcare providers, key informants, burns survivors and/or their carers...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520556/using-community-driven-participatory-qualitative-inquiry-to-discern-nuanced-community-health-needs-and-assets-of-chicago-s-la-villita-a-mexican-immigrant-neighborhood
#17
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Sarah Gabriella Hernandez, Jennifer Felner, Jessica Schwiesow, Anna Mayer, Kevin Rak, Noel Chávez, Yvette Castañeda, Joan Kennelly
In predominately immigrant neighborhoods, the nuances of immigrant life in the ethnic enclave have important, yet underappreciated impact on community health. The complexities of immigrant experiences are essential to unpacking and addressing the impact of acculturative processes on observed racial, ethnic, and class-based health disparities in the United States. These insights because they are largely unexplored are best captured qualitatively through academic-community research partnership. We established the participatory mixed method Little Village participatory community health assessment (CHA) to explore community health in an ethnic enclave...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514489/please-ask-gently-using-culturally-targeted-communication-strategies-to-initiate-end-of-life-care-discussions-with-older-chinese-americans
#18
Han-Lin Chi, Janine Cataldo, Evelyn Y Ho, Roberta S Rehm
BACKGROUND: Health-care providers (HCPs) find facilitating end-of-life (EOL) care discussions challenging, especially with patients whose ethnicities differ from their own. Currently, there is little guidance on how to initiate and facilitate such discussions with older Chinese Americans (≥55 years) and their families. OBJECTIVE: To explore communication strategies for HCPs to initiate EOL care discussions with older Chinese Americans in the San Francisco Bay Area...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496251/community-based-lung-cancer-screening-with-low-dose-ct-in-china-results-of-the-baseline-screening
#19
Wenjia Yang, Fangfei Qian, Jiajun Teng, Huimin Wang, Christian Manegold, Lothar R Pilz, Weiland Voigt, Yanwei Zhang, Jianding Ye, Qunhui Chen, Baohui Han
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening is capable of enhancing the detection rate of early-stage lung cancer in high-risk population of China with both smoking and non-smoking related factors. METHODS: From 2013-2014, eligible participants with high-risk factors of lung cancer were randomly assigned to a screening group or a control group with questionnaire inquiries. Any non-calcified nodules or masses with longest diameters of ≥4 mm identified on LDCT images were considered as positive...
March 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484700/from-authoritarian-enclave-to-deliberative-space-governance-logics-in-post-disaster-reconstruction
#20
Nicole Curato
One would be hard-pressed nowadays to find any practitioners and scholars in the field of post-disaster reconstruction who would argue against the virtues of community participation. In practice, however, the legacy of community participation has been mixed. This paper pursues this line of inquiry by examining the manifestations of participation in three communities affected by Typhoon Haiyan that struck the Philippines on 8 November 2013. The findings suggest that different governance logics emerge in each of the three case studies: authoritarian; communitarian; and deliberative...
February 27, 2018: Disasters
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