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Community of inquiry

Diana Mitsova
There is a growing understanding that cross-sector risks faced by critical infrastructure assets in natural disasters require a collaborative foresight from multiple disciplines. However, current contributions to infrastructure interdependency analysis remain centered in discipline-specific methodologies often constrained by underlying theories and assumptions. This perspective article contributes to ongoing discussions about the uses, challenges, and opportunities provided by interdisciplinary research in critical infrastructure interdependency analysis...
June 20, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Suzana A Giffin, Richa Shah, Allison Soloff, Anna Markel Vaysman, Jane Oreper, Andrew Gažo, Pooja Gandhi, Ina Shah, Thomas Malieckal, Daniel Boulos, Teresa Flowers, Carolle A Stevens, Michael S Rocco, Aarti S Patel, Dominick Albano
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, biopharmaceutical companies have been progressively establishing global frameworks across their capabilities. It is well recognized that the Medical Information (MI) department is a key externally facing function that needs to maintain a consistent focus on optimizing its capabilities of addressing product medical inquiries worldwide. METHODS: In the United States, a consortium named Pharma Collaboration for Transparent Medical Information, phactMI, a collaboration of pharmaceutical company MI departments dedicated to supporting health care professionals in their commitment to provide quality patient care, has provided a forum to benchmark and share best practices across the companies...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
Jennifer M Alix-Garcia, Katharine R E Sims, Victor H Orozco-Olvera, Laura E Costica, Jorge David Fernández Medina, Sofía Romo Monroy
Payments for environmental services (PES) programs incentivize landowners to protect or improve natural resources. Many conservationists fear that introducing compensation for actions previously offered voluntarily will reduce social capital (the institutions, relationships, attitudes, and values that govern human interactions), yet little rigorous research has investigated this concern. We examined the land cover management and communal social capital impacts of Mexico's federal conservation payments program, which is a key example for other countries committed to reducing deforestation, protecting watersheds, and conserving biodiversity...
June 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Kuanggen Xu, Huilan Xu, Fulai Zhang, Xiaojun Zhou, Shaohui Gan
OBJECTIVE: To understand the status of community residents' satisfaction on food safety in Jiangxi Province. METHODS: Using stratified random sampling method, a total of 1216 residents of Jiangxi Province were selected. Questionnaire on food safety for residents was adopted. The investigation was conducted by means of door-to-door inquiry in July 2016. The main statistical method for satisfaction Likert score and rank test. RESULTS: The total satisfaction degree on food safety of 1216 residents in Jiangxi Province was 3...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Amanda Marie Emerson
Nurses who provide care in the community to women with a history of repeated incarceration may struggle to understand the full extent of the barriers faced by this population and as a result risk giving suboptimal care to an already underserved group. This narrative inquiry study of stories told by 10 women with histories of repeated incarceration fulfilled 2 purposes: to demonstrate how women's shelter-seeking stories exposed uniquely complex patterns of health opportunity and risk and to demonstrate how storytelling might serve as an informative mode of nursing health assessment for this population...
June 12, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Helen Egan, Michail Mantzios
Background: Caring for oneself through mindfulness and compassion to improve or enhance health behaviors, and specifically eating behaviors has come to the forefront of scientific inquiry. The experiences and challenges for people in decision making around food within the context of self-kindness for body and mind care have not been previously explored. Aims: This study explored the experiences of eating behaviors in a community sample and examined the understanding of self-kindness and its relationship to eating behaviors and wellbeing of body and mind...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Julie-Anne Martyn, Jackie Scott, Jasper H van der Westhuyzen, Dale Spanhake, Sally Zanella, April Martin, Ruth Newby
Objective. Continuing education (CE) is essential for a healthcare workforce, but in regional areas of Australia there are challenges to providing and accessing relevant, reliable and low-cost opportunities. The aim of the present study was to collaborate with the local regional healthcare workforce to design, deliver and evaluate an interdisciplinary CE (ICE) program. Methods. A participatory action research (PAR) model combined with an appreciative inquiry (AI) framework was used to design, deliver and evaluate an ICE program...
June 12, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Melissa L Anderson, Timothy Riker, Kurt Gagne, Stephanie Hakulin, Todd Higgins, Jonah Meehan, Elizabeth Stout, Emma Pici-D'Ottavio, Kelsey Cappetta, Kelly S Wolf Craig
One of the most understudied health disparity populations in the United States is the Deaf community-a sociolinguistic minority group of at least 500,000 individuals who communicate using American Sign Language. Research within this population is lacking, in part, due to researchers' use of methodologies that are inaccessible to Deaf sign language users. Traditional qualitative methods were developed to collect and analyze participants' spoken language. There is, therefore, a paradigm shift that must occur to move from an auditory data schema to one that prioritizes the collection and analysis of visual data...
June 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Fereshteh S Bashiri, Eric LaRose, Peggy Peissig, Ahmad P Tafti
A fully-labeled image dataset provides a unique resource for reproducible research inquiries and data analyses in several computational fields, such as computer vision, machine learning and deep learning machine intelligence. With the present contribution, a large-scale fully-labeled image dataset is provided, and made publicly and freely available to the research community. The current dataset entitled MCIndoor20000 includes more than 20,000 digital images from three different indoor object categories, including doors, stairs, and hospital signs...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Choolwe Jacobs, Charles Michelo, Mosa Moshabela
BACKGROUND: While focused antenatal care (ANC) has served as an entry point in the continuum of care for both mothers and children, fewer than a third of pregnant women in the most remote and poorest communities of Zambia achieve the four ANC visits recommended by the World Health Organization. Current evidence suggests that attending ANC provided by a skilled healthcare worker at least once is common and associated with skilled birth attendance. The aim of this study was to explain why one ANC visit with a skilled provider seemed more common than four ANC visits among women in the remote and poorest districts of Zambia...
June 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Seda Attepe Özden, Tarık Tuncay
BACKGROUND: In Turkey, individuals with schizophrenia usually live with their families. Therefore, families are main caregivers and face psychological, financial and social problems. AIM: The aim of this study is to understand the personal burdens and coping strategies, and social support affecting the families that provide care to the individuals with schizophrenia. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 31 members of 12 families...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Nelsensius Klau Fauk, Anastasia Suci Sukmawati, Pius Almindu Leki Berek, Ernawati, Elisabeth Kristanti, Sri Sunaringsih Ika Wardojo, Isaias Budi Cahaya, Lillian Mwanri
BACKGROUND: Frequent engagement of men in sexual encounters with female sex workers (FSWs) without using condoms places them at a high risk for HIV infection. HIV testing has been noted to be among important strategies to prevent HIV transmission and acquisition. However, it is known that not all men willingly undertake an HIV test as a way to prevent HIV transmission and/or acquisition. This study aimed to identify barriers to accessing HIV testing services among men who are clients of FSWs (clients) in Belu and Malaka districts, Indonesia...
May 30, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Eliza D Whiteman, Roxanne Dupuis, Anna U Morgan, Bernadette D'Alonzo, Caleb Epstein, Heather Klusaritz, Carolyn C Cannuscio
INTRODUCTION: Public libraries are free and accessible to all and are centers of community engagement and education, making them logical choices as partners for improving population health. Library staff members routinely assist patrons with unmet health and social needs. METHODS: We used a 100-question, self-administered web survey sent to all library directors listed in the Pennsylvania Library Association database (N = 621), to investigate staff interactions with library patrons to address social determinants of health...
May 24, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Tess Thompson, Anne M Roux, Patricia L Kohl, Sonia Boyum, Matthew W Kreuter
Almost half of young American children live in low-income families, many with unmet needs that negatively impact health and life outcomes. Understanding which needs, proactively addressed, would most improve their lives would allow maternal and child health practitioners and social service providers to generate collaborative solutions with the potential to affect health in childhood and throughout the life course. 2-1-1 referral helplines respond to over 16 million inquiries annually, including millions of low-income parents seeking resources...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Diana Montoya-Williams, Dominick J Lemas, Lisa Spiryda, Keval Patel, O'neshia Olivia Carney, Josef Neu, Tiffany L Carson
BACKGROUND: Cesarean sections (CS) are among the most commonly performed surgical procedures in the world. Epidemiologic data has associated delivery by CS with an increased risk of certain adverse health outcomes in children, such as asthma and obesity. OBJECTIVE: To explore what is known about the effect of mode of delivery on the development of the infant microbiome and discuss the potentially mediating role of CS-related microbial dysbiosis in the development of adverse pediatric health outcomes...
May 22, 2018: Neonatology
Michelle A Zabat, William H Sano, Jenna I Wurster, Damien J Cabral, Peter Belenky
Despite recent interest in microbial communities of fermented foods, there has been little inquiry into the bacterial community dynamics of sauerkraut, one of the world’s oldest and most prevalent fermented foods. In this study, we utilize 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing to profile the microbial community of naturally fermented sauerkraut throughout the fermentation process while also analyzing the bacterial communities of the starting ingredients and the production environment. Our results indicate that the sauerkraut microbiome is rapidly established after fermentation begins and that the community is stable through fermentation and packaging for commercial sale...
May 12, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Paula R Pullen, William S Seffens, Walter R Thompson
Background: Complementary and alternative medicine is a rapidly growing area of biomedical inquiry. Yoga has emerged in the forefront of holistic medical care due to its long history of linking physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Research in yoga therapy (YT) has associated improved cardiovascular and quality of life (QoL) outcomes for the special needs of heart failure (HF) patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to review yoga intervention studies on HF patients, discuss proposed mechanisms, and examine yoga's effect on physiological systems that have potential benefits for HF patients...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
Jimmie C Holland
Worldwide, psychological and social issues in cancer were not the subject of scientific inquiry until the past two decades. Since then, a new subspecialty of oncology has evolved, psycho-oncology. It addresses two dimensions of cancer: the emotional responses of patients at all stages of disease, as well as their families and caretakers (psychosocial); and the pyschological, social and behavioral factors that may influence cancer morbidity and mortality (psychobiological). Obstacles to development have been the facts of small numbers of clinicians and investigators worldwide and the few valid assessment instruments and research methods available to the biomedical community...
May 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jessica Davis, Cathy Vaughan, Justine Nankinga, Lisa Davidson, Hellen Kigodi, Eileen Alalo, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND: The importance of engaging men in maternal and child health programs is well recognised internationally. In Papua New Guinea (PNG), men's involvement in maternal and child health services remains limited and barriers and enablers to involving fathers in antenatal care have not been well studied. The purpose of this paper is to explore attitudes to expectant fathers participating in antenatal care, and to identify barriers and enablers to men's participation in antenatal care with their pregnant partner in PNG...
May 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Pablo Rey-Mazón, Hagit Keysar, Shannon Dosemagen, Catherine D'Ignazio, Don Blair
This paper explores three cases of Do-It-Yourself, open-source technologies developed within the diverse array of topics and themes in the communities around the Public Laboratory for Open Technology and Science (Public Lab). These cases focus on aerial mapping, water quality monitoring and civic science practices. The techniques discussed have in common the use of accessible, community-built technologies for acquiring data. They are also concerned with embedding collaborative and open source principles into the objects, tools, social formations and data sharing practices that emerge from these inquiries...
May 3, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
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