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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413106/heterotopic-ossification-in-adults-following-a-burn-a-phenomenological-analysis
#1
Nichola Foster, Rachel Kornhaber, Sarah McGarry, Fiona M Wood, Dale W Edgar
Heterotopic Ossification (HO) is a rare but severely debilitating complication after a burn. Despite there being literature of varying quality explaining the postulated pathological process, risk factors and treatment for HO, the individual experiences of adults diagnosed with HO following a burn, remains unreported. This study sought to explore and describe burn survivors' experiences of HO to gain a greater understanding of the clinical needs for this unique patient population. A phenomenological inquiry of five men and one woman selected through purposeful sampling collected in-depth interviews analysed using Colaizzi's method of data analysis...
April 13, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#2
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399509/intimate-partner-violence-among-pregnant-women-in-rwanda-its-associated-risk-factors-and-relationship-to-anc-services-attendance-a-population-based-study
#3
Akashi Andrew Rurangirwa, Ingrid Mogren, Joseph Ntaganira, Gunilla Krantz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of four forms of intimate partner violence during pregnancy in Rwandan women, associated sociodemographic and psychosocial factors and relationship to antenatal care service usage. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional population-based study conducted in the Northern province of Rwanda and in Kigali city. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: A total of 921 women who gave birth within the past 13 months were included...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356918/collaborating-sites-for-community-oriented-integrated-care-and-health-promotion
#4
Paul Thomas
London Journal of Primary Care wishes to develop a network of collaborating sites to better understand how to achieve community-oriented integrated care and health promotion in different contexts. A collaborating site can do more than submit papers. It can develop its own domain on the LJPC website, contribute to the development of LJPC policy, and stimulate discussions with other collaborating sites. At any time a collaborating site can opt out. In addition to securing papers for publication, a site might nurture a network of supporters, teach people to use multiple research and quality improvement methods, develop a system of governance for locally led inquiries, develop case studies of community-oriented integrated care and health promotion and facilitate within-site and between-site learning and change...
January 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353475/retention-remedy-building-a-sense-of-community-through-appreciative-inquiry
#5
Janet Buck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344720/resetting-the-compass-exploring-the-implicit-messages-of-orientation-to-a-community-engaged-medical-school
#6
Rachel Ellaway, Tim Dubé, Gerry Cooper, Lisa Graves
BACKGROUND: Although students' transition into medical school is a critical step in their professional journey, orientation has been relatively under-researched, particularly with regard to its intersections with schools' social missions. This paper reports on a study looking at the implicit messages of orientation to the Northern Ontario School of Medicine's undergraduate program. METHODS: An extended mixed methods study was conducted to look at different aspects of the School's Orientation Week...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333476/the-beliefs-about-race-scale-bars-dimensions-of-racial-essentialism-and-their-psychometric-properties
#7
John Tawa
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have found that racial essentialism negatively affects intergroup behavior (e.g., willingness to relate across outgroups), however this line of inquiry has been limited by 1-dimensional measures of racial essentialism. This paper provides psychometric support for the Beliefs About Race Scale (BARS), a multidimensional measure of racial essentialism. METHOD: Participants included 492 adults recruited on a college campus and in the community...
March 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320792/my-home-is-my-marae-kaupapa-m%C3%A4-ori-evaluation-of-an-approach-to-injury-prevention
#8
Brooke Hayward, Mataroria Lyndon, Luis Villa, Dominic Madell, Andrea Elliot-Hohepa, Lyndsay Le Comte
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the New Zealand Accident Compensation Corporation's (ACC) 'My Home is My Marae' approach to injury prevention for whānau (families). SETTING: Over an 18 month period from November 2013 to June 2014, 14 'My Home is My Marae' trials were conducted across the South Auckland and Far North regions of New Zealand. ACC engaged with local Māori providers of healthcare, education and social services to deliver the home safety intervention...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320692/longitudinal-changes-in-psychological-states-in-online-health-community-members-understanding-the-long-term-effects-of-participating-in-an-online-depression-community
#9
Albert Park, Mike Conway
BACKGROUND: Major depression is a serious challenge at both the individual and population levels. Although online health communities have shown the potential to reduce the symptoms of depression, emotional contagion theory suggests that negative emotion can spread within a community, and prolonged interactions with other depressed individuals has potential to worsen the symptoms of depression. OBJECTIVE: The goals of our study were to investigate longitudinal changes in psychological states that are manifested through linguistic changes in depression community members who are interacting with other depressed individuals...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314568/health-workers-and-the-weaponisation-of-health-care-in-syria-a-preliminary-inquiry-for-the-lancet-american-university-of-beirut-commission-on-syria
#10
Fouad M Fouad, Annie Sparrow, Ahmad Tarakji, Mohamad Alameddine, Fadi El-Jardali, Adam P Coutts, Nour El Arnaout, Lama Bou Karroum, Mohammed Jawad, Sophie Roborgh, Aula Abbara, Fadi Alhalabi, Ibrahim AlMasri, Samer Jabbour
The conflict in Syria presents new and unprecedented challenges that undermine the principles and practice of medical neutrality in armed conflict. With direct and repeated targeting of health workers, health facilities, and ambulances, Syria has become the most dangerous place on earth for health-care providers. The weaponisation of health care-a strategy of using people's need for health care as a weapon against them by violently depriving them of it-has translated into hundreds of health workers killed, hundreds more incarcerated or tortured, and hundreds of health facilities deliberately and systematically attacked...
March 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301195/mode-of-administration-effects-in-psychopathology-assessment-analyses-of-gender-age-and-education-differences-in-self-rated-versus-interview-based-depression
#11
Holly F Levin-Aspenson, David Watson
Respondents may answer sensitive questions differently depending on the mode of assessment (e.g., questionnaire, interview). The possibility of differences in these mode effects across groups is an important assessment consideration given the implications for test-score validity and bias. Although differences in mode effects are highly relevant to issues in clinical assessment, research is limited and generally fails to make use of psychometrically sound methods. The present research argues for greater attention to demographic differences in mode effects with regard to the assessment of psychopathology...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294479/understanding-advance-care-planning-within-the-south-asian-community
#12
Patricia D Biondo, Rashika Kalia, Rooh-Afza Khan, Nadia Asghar, Cyrene Banerjee, Debbie Boulton, Nancy Marlett, Svetlana Shklarov, Jessica E Simon
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) is a process of reflection on and communication of a person's future health-care preferences. Evidence suggests visible minorities engage less in ACP. The South Asian ethnic group is the largest visible minority group in Canada, and information is needed to understand how ACP is perceived and how best to approach ACP within this diverse community. OBJECTIVE: To explore perspectives of South Asian community members towards ACP...
March 10, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288664/injured-bodies-damaged-lives-experiences-and-narratives-of-kenyan-women-with-obstetric-fistula-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#13
Lillian Mwanri, Glory Joy Gatwiri
BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C/C) leads to medical, psychological and sociocultural sequels. Over 200 million cases of FGM/C exist globally, and in Kenya alone, a total of 12,418,000 (28%) of women have undergone FGM/C, making the practice not only a significant national, but also a global health catastrophe. FGM/C is rooted in patriarchal and traditional cultures as a communal experience signifying a transition from girlhood to womanhood...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285564/an-exploration-of-teaching-presence-in-online-interprofessional-education-facilitation
#14
Sherryn Maree Evans, Catherine Ward, Scott Reeves
BACKGROUND: Although the prevalence of online asynchronous interprofessional education (IPE) has increased in the last decade, little is known about the processes of facilitation in this environment. The teaching presence element of the Community of Inquiry Framework offers an approach to analyze the contributions of online facilitators, however, to date it has only been used on a limited basis in health professions education literature. AIM: Using an exploratory case study design, we explored the types of contributions made by IPE facilitators to asynchronous interprofessional team discussions by applying the notion of teaching presence...
March 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243776/intergenerational-conflicts-cultural-restraints-and-suicide-experiences-of-young-african-people-in-adelaide-south-australia
#15
Lillian Mwanri, Eunice Okyere, Mariastella Pulvirenti
This study aimed to explore determinants of increased suicide deaths among African youth in South Australia. The paper reports on the intersectionality between intergenerational conflicts and fatal suicides in the target population. The study employed a qualitative inquiry approach, studying 31 young people in the African community in Adelaide. Intergenerational conflicts were identified as pervasive, with negative implications for the affected individuals, their families, and the entire African community. These led to turmoil in the community, youth isolation, reduced social interactions, stress and fatal suicides...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239731/formation-of-hybrid-abx3-perovskite-compounds-for-solar-cell-application-first-principles-calculations-of-effective-ionic-radii-and-determination-of-tolerance-factors
#16
Markus Becker, Thorsten Klüner, Michael Wark
The development of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells is one of the most rapidly growing fields in the photovoltaic community and is on its way to challenge polycrystalline silicon and thin film technologies. High power conversion efficiencies can be achieved by simple processing with low cost. However, due to the limited long-term stability and environmental toxicity of lead in the prototypic CH3NH3PbI3, there is a need to find alternative ABX3 constitutional combinations in order to promote commercialization...
March 14, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225381/information-seeking-behavior-and-information-needs-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-analyzing-an-online-patient-community
#17
Juyeon Oh, Jung A Kim
A few studies have examined the specific informational needs of the population with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The aims of this study were to describe the information-seeking behavior and information needs of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and their families in Korea by analyzing messages from an online patient community. A total of 1047 messages from the question and answer forum of the "Lou Gehrig's Disease Network" (http://cafe.daum.net/alsfree) from January 2010 to September 2015 were collected...
February 22, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219024/is-tetraethyl-lead-poison-affecting-contemporary-indigenous-suicides-in-ontario-canada
#18
Trehani Mary Fonseka, Gerald P McKinley, Sidney H Kennedy
Prior to the mid-1980s, suicide in Indigenous population in Northwestern Ontario, Canada, was rare, occurring at rates of 1-2 per year among over 20 communities. By the early 1990s, the completed suicide rates in the same communities were among the highest in the world. Prior to the outbreak of the suicide epidemic, sniffing of gasoline containing tetraethyl was common in many communities. Existing literature confirms that tetraethyl lead poisoning is associated with alterations to the amyloid-β protein precursor and amyloid-β as well as the 5-HT-1B receptor...
May 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213153/critical-thinking-instruction-and-technology-enhanced-learning-from-the-student-perspective-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#19
Ruth Swart
Critical thinking is acclaimed as a valuable asset for graduates from higher education programs. Technology has advanced in quantity and quality; recognized as a requirement of 21st century learners. A mixed methods research study was undertaken, examining undergraduate nursing student engagement with critical thinking instruction, platformed on two technology-enhanced learning environments: a classroom response system face-to-face in-class and an online discussion forum out-of-class. The Community of Inquiry framed the study capturing constructivist collaborative inquiry to support learning, and facilitate critical thinking capability...
March 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205099/evaluation-of-potentially-drug-related-patient-reported-common-symptoms-assessed-during-clinical-medication-reviews-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#20
Tim W A Schoenmakers, Martina Teichert, Michel Wensing, Peter A G M de Smet
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare professionals tend to consider common non-alarming drug-related symptoms to be of little clinical relevance. However, such symptoms can have a substantial impact on the individual patient. Insight into patient-reported symptoms could aid pharmacists to identify improvements in medication treatment, for instance in the patient interview at the start of a clinical medication review (CMR). OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to describe the numbers and types of patient-reported symptoms assessed during a CMR and to elucidate their potential association with the drugs in use...
May 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
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