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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213153/critical-thinking-instruction-and-technology-enhanced-learning-from-the-student-perspective-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#1
Ruth Swart
Critical thinking is acclaimed as a valuable asset for graduates from higher education programs. Technology has advanced in quantity and quality; recognized as a requirement of 21st century learners. A mixed methods research study was undertaken, examining undergraduate nursing student engagement with critical thinking instruction, platformed on two technology-enhanced learning environments: a classroom response system face-to-face in-class and an online discussion forum out-of-class. The Community of Inquiry framed the study capturing constructivist collaborative inquiry to support learning, and facilitate critical thinking capability...
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205099/evaluation-of-potentially-drug-related-patient-reported-common-symptoms-assessed-during-clinical-medication-reviews-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#2
Tim W A Schoenmakers, Martina Teichert, Michel Wensing, Peter A G M de Smet
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare professionals tend to consider common non-alarming drug-related symptoms to be of little clinical relevance. However, such symptoms can have a substantial impact on the individual patient. Insight into patient-reported symptoms could aid pharmacists to identify improvements in medication treatment, for instance in the patient interview at the start of a clinical medication review (CMR). OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to describe the numbers and types of patient-reported symptoms assessed during a CMR and to elucidate their potential association with the drugs in use...
February 15, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195777/hiv-prevention-opportunities-with-gps-based-social-and-sexual-networking-applications-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Wendasha Jenkins Hall, Christina J Sun, Amanda E Tanner, Lilli Mann, Jason Stowers, Scott D Rhodes
The goal of this study was to gain insight on the sexual health needs of men who have sex with men (MSM) who use GPS-based social and sexual networking mobile applications (apps) and the future utility of app-based interventions. A health educator promoted HIV-testing resources in four popular apps used by MSM. Content analysis was used to identify salient themes that emerged from the conversations. Four major themes were identified: (1) soliciting sexual encounters, (2) relationship building, (3) HIV and STI-testing inquiries, and (4) seeking other sexual health information...
February 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195029/the-problem-of-epistemic-jurisdiction-in-global-governance-the-case-of-sustainability-standards-for-biofuels
#4
David E Winickoff, Matthieu Mondou
While there is ample scholarly work on regulatory science within the state, or single-sited global institutions, there is less on its operation within complex modes of global governance that are decentered, overlapping, multi-sectorial and multi-leveled. Using a co-productionist framework, this study identifies 'epistemic jurisdiction' - the power to produce or warrant technical knowledge for a given political community, topical arena or geographical territory - as a central problem for regulatory science in complex governance...
February 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194583/aspirational-statement-from-the-one-health-ecohealth-2016-congress-in-melbourne-victoria-towards-a-healthier-future-through-converging-communities-of-inquiry-and-practice
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187267/use-of-appreciative-inquiry-to-engage-parents-as-codesigners-of-a-weight-management-intervention-for-adolescents
#6
Shirley M Moore, Cheryl M Killion, Sharon Andrisin, Frances Lissemore, Tonia Primm, Oluwatomisin Olayinka, Elaine A Borawski
BACKGROUND: Focus groups are often used to involve families as codesigners of weight management interventions. Focus groups, however, are seldom designed to elicit families' strengths and positive experiences. The purpose of this study was to describe the use of the Appreciative Inquiry process in the conduct of focus groups to engage families in the design of a weight management intervention for adolescents. METHODS: A convenience sample of 44 parents (84% female; 82% minority) of adolescent children with a BMI ≥ 85th percentile, who were in the 6th-8th grade in a large urban school, participated in focus groups designed to elicit family-positive experiences and strengths regarding healthy living...
February 10, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129099/first-and-second-year-gerontology-students-research-activities-heightened-connectedness-to-learning
#7
Elyse D'nn Lovell, Janna R Marjamaa, Natasha Gomez Shortnacy, Kara M Cevera, Anna J Rainville, Chelsi J Baker, Suzanne I Nalivka, Alison S Mendoza, Shayna D Lamping, Michelle Davis, Jessica R Thompson
The purpose of this study was to measure first and second year students' engagement as a result of a qualitative inquiry and field experiences with elders residing in an independent and assisted living retirement community. Undergraduate student-research and field experiences are often introduced toward the completion of undergraduate students' academics. The findings suggest discovery and further consideration to implement undergraduate research and field experiences at the beginning of students' academic experiences in gerontology...
January 27, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108053/graphic-health-warnings-as-activators-of-social-networks-a-field-experiment-among-individuals-of-low-socioeconomic-position
#8
Shoba Ramanadhan, Rebekah H Nagler, Rachel McCloud, Racquel Kohler, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
RATIONALE: Graphic health warnings (GHWs) on cigarette packages present an important tobacco control opportunity, particularly for vulnerable populations suffering a disproportionate tobacco burden. One mechanism by which GHWs may influence smoking outcomes is by prompting interpersonal discussions within health discussion networks (the set of personal contacts with whom an individual discusses health issues). OBJECTIVE: The study examined the association between GHW-prompted conversations within health discussion networks and key tobacco-related outcomes, with attention to valence and content of the discussions...
January 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102466/the-care-of-the-ultra-orthodox-jewish-patient
#9
Ezra Gabbay, Matthew W McCarthy, Joseph J Fins
The Ultra-Orthodox Jewish community embraces a system of values and a rigorous behavioral code that are deeply rooted in religious tradition and history. Here we describe some of the unique challenges that stem from the encounter between modern medical practice and the Ultra-Orthodox world. Through examples of clinical and ethical scenarios ranging from prenatal care to end-of-life decisions, we illustrate problems related to observance of age-old practices in a modern hospital setting, balancing acceptance of Divine will with standard risk assessment, reconciliation of patient autonomy with deference to rabbinic authority and fear of stigma associated with mental illness in a traditional society...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096066/-happiness-inventors-informing-positive-computing-technologies-through-participatory-design-with-children
#10
Svetlana Yarosh, Stephen Matthew Schueller
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological interventions for children have typically focused on direct adaptations of interventions developed for adults. As the community moves toward designing positive computing technologies to support child well-being, it is important to use a more participatory process that directly engages children's voices. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were, through a participatory design study, to understand children's interpretations of positive psychology concepts, as well as their perspectives on technologies that are best suited to enhance their engagement with practice of well-being skills...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095933/understanding-older-adults-resilience-during-the-brisbane-floods-social-capital-life-experience-and-optimism
#11
Lauren Brockie, Evonne Miller
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how social capital or the impact of life and previous disaster experience facilitated resilience in older adults who experienced the 2011 and 2013 floods in Brisbane, Australia. METHODS: Data were drawn from in-depth interviews of 10 older adults from Brisbane who were evacuated in both the 2011 and 2013 floods. A combined qualitative approach drawing from the methods of constructivist grounded theory and narrative inquiry was applied and the data were analyzed by using (inductive) line-by-line and axial coding...
January 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077123/daily-actions-challenges-and-needs-among-dutch-parents-while-supporting-the-participation-of-their-child-with-a-physical-disability-at-home-at-school-and-in-the-community-a-qualitative-diary-study
#12
Barbara Piškur, Anna J H M Beurskens, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Marian J Jongmans, Barbara M Casparie, Rob J E M Smeets
BACKGROUND: Parents have a vital influence on the participation of their child with a physical disability. The aim of this study is to gain insight into parents' own daily actions, challenges, and needs while supporting their child with a physical disability at home, at school, and in the community. An additional objective of this study is to refine the preliminary thematic framework previously identified in a scoping review. METHODS: A qualitative research inquiry was performed based on using a diary over a 7-day period to gather data...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018119/demystifying-the-victimized-state-a-civil-military-crisis-in-waiting
#13
Ross McGarry
The purpose of this article is to illustrate prescient issues relating to current and ex-military communities in the United Kingdom who have featured heavily within the policy arena over the past decade in relation to several key areas of importance. It will be illustrated how this population becomes visible within the public imagination (via military losses), how discourses relating to the harms they experience are structured and articulated within political and policy domains (particularly in relation to mental health) via "state talk" (qua Sim), and what the potential social consequences are for politically rendering an unproblematized populist view of current and ex-military communities (i...
January 2017: Illness, Crises, and Loss
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981658/shedding-the-cobra-effect-problematising-thematic-emergence-triangulation-saturation-and-member-checking
#14
Lara Varpio, Rola Ajjawi, Lynn V Monrouxe, Bridget C O'Brien, Charlotte E Rees
CONTEXT: Qualitative research is widely accepted as a legitimate approach to inquiry in health professions education (HPE). To secure this status, qualitative researchers have developed a variety of strategies (e.g. reliance on post-positivist qualitative methodologies, use of different rhetorical techniques, etc.) to facilitate the acceptance of their research methodologies and methods by the HPE community. Although these strategies have supported the acceptance of qualitative research in HPE, they have also brought about some unintended consequences...
January 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957436/framework-for-establishment-of-a-comprehensive-and-standardized-administration-system-for-prevention-and-control-of-tuberculosis-in-college-student-community-in-china
#15
Shaoru Zhang, Xiaohong Li, Tianhua Zhang, Xiangni Wang, Weiping Liu, Xuexue Ma, Yuelu Li, Yahui Fan
BACKGROUND: College student community is the one with high risk of tuberculosis (TB). A systemic and standardized administration model for prevention and control of TB is significance in controlling TB spread in universities. Currently, the universities in China have not established the comprehensive and standardized administration system for TB prevention and control in college student community. METHODS: Firstly, the literature research and brainstorming method (n=13) were used to construct the clause and sub-clause pool for the administration of TB prevention and control within college student community in 2014...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918180/tweeting-negative-emotion-an-investigation-of-twitter-data-in-the-aftermath-of-violence-on-college-campuses
#16
Nickolas M Jones, Sean P Wojcik, Josiah Sweeting, Roxane Cohen Silver
Studying communities impacted by traumatic events is often costly, requires swift action to enter the field when disaster strikes, and may be invasive for some traumatized respondents. Typically, individuals are studied after the traumatic event with no baseline data against which to compare their postdisaster responses. Given these challenges, we used longitudinal Twitter data across 3 case studies to examine the impact of violence near or on college campuses in the communities of Isla Vista, CA, Flagstaff, AZ, and Roseburg, OR, compared with control communities, between 2014 and 2015...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913419/benzene-degradation-by-a-variovorax-species-within-a-coal-tar-contaminated-groundwater-microbial-community
#17
Kevin M Posman, Christopher M DeRito, Eugene L Madsen
: Investigations of environmental microbial communities are crucial for the discovery of populations capable of degrading hazardous compounds and may lead to improved bioremediation strategies. The goal of this study was to identify microorganisms responsible for aerobic benzene degradation in coal tar-contaminated groundwater. Benzene degradation was monitored in laboratory incubations of well waters using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Stable isotope probing (SIP) experiments using [(13)C]benzene enabled us to obtain (13)C-labled community DNA...
February 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#18
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901268/forecasting-pollination-declines-through-dna-barcoding-the-potential-contributions-of-macroecological-and-macroevolutionary-scales-of-inquiry
#19
Jana C Vamosi, Yan-Bing Gong, Sarah J Adamowicz, Laurence Packer
While pollinators are widely acknowledged as important contributors to seed production in plant communities, we do not yet have a good understanding of the importance of pollinator specialists for this ecosystem service. Determination of the prevalence of pollinator specialists is often hindered by the occurrence of cryptic species and the limitations of observational data on pollinator visitation rates, two areas where DNA barcoding of pollinators and pollen can be useful. Further, the demonstrated adequacy of pollen DNA barcoding from historical records offers opportunities to observe the effects of pollinator loss over longer timescales, and phylogenetic approaches can elucidate the historical rates of extinction of specialist lineages...
November 30, 2016: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891087/a-monte-carlo-evaluation-of-weighted-community-detection-algorithms
#20
Kathleen M Gates, Teague Henry, Doug Steinley, Damien A Fair
The past decade has been marked with a proliferation of community detection algorithms that aim to organize nodes (e.g., individuals, brain regions, variables) into modular structures that indicate subgroups, clusters, or communities. Motivated by the emergence of big data across many fields of inquiry, these methodological developments have primarily focused on the detection of communities of nodes from matrices that are very large. However, it remains unknown if the algorithms can reliably detect communities in smaller graph sizes (i...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
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