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Dural arteriovenous fistula

F Heran Dreyfus, O Galatoire, P Koskas, F Lafitte, E Nau, O Bergès
Orbito-palpebral vascular pathology represents 10% of all the diseases of this area. The lesion may be discovered during a brain CT scan or MRI, or because it causes clinical symptoms such as orbital mass, visual or oculomotor alteration, pain, proptosis, or acute bleeding due to a complication of the lesion (hemorrhage, thrombosis). We present these lesions using an anatomical, clinical, imaging and therapeutic approach. We distinguish four different entities. Vascular tumors have common imaging characteristics (hypersignal on T2 sequence, contrast enhancement, abnormal vascularization well depicted with ultrasound and Doppler, and possible bleeding)...
October 18, 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Chai Kobkitsuksakul, Pakorn Jiarakongmun, Ekachat Chanthanaphak, Sirintara Pongpech
PURPOSE: The classic symptoms and signs of carotid cavernous sinus fistula or cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) consist of eye redness, exophthalmos, and gaze abnormality. The angiography findings typically consist of arteriovenous shunt at cavernous sinüs with ophthalmic venous drainage with or without cortical venous reflux. In rare circumstances, the shunts are localized outside the cavernous sinus, but mimic symptoms and radiography of the cavernous shunt. We would like to present the other locations of the arteriovenous shunt, which mimic the clinical presentation of carotid cavernous fistulae, and analyze venous drainages...
October 21, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Jinlu Yu, Yunbao Guo, Baofeng Xu, Kan Xu
The middle meningeal artery (MMA) is a very important artery in neurosurgery. Many diseases, including dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), pseudoaneurysm, true aneurysm, traumatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF), moyamoya disease (MMD), recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), migraine and meningioma, can involve the MMA. In these diseases, the lesions occur in either the MMA itself and treatment is necessary, or the MMA is used as the pathway to treat the lesions; therefore, the MMA is very important to the development and treatment of a variety of neurosurgical diseases...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
W-Y Guo, C-C J Lee, C-J Lin, H-C Yang, H-M Wu, C-C Wu, W-Y Chung, K-D Liu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sinus stenosis occasionally occurs in dural arteriovenous fistulas. Sinus stenosis impedes venous outflow and aggravates intracranial hypertension by reversing cortical venous drainage. This study aimed to analyze the likelihood of sinus stenosis and its impact on cerebral hemodynamics of various types of dural arteriovenous fistulas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three cases of dural arteriovenous fistula in the transverse-sigmoid sinus were reviewed and divided into 3 groups: Cognard type I, type IIa, and types with cortical venous drainage...
October 20, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Payam Saadat, Marzie Adabi
BACKGROUND: Spinal dural AVF is the most common type of spinal vascular malformation. However, presenting symptoms differ according to site of spinal involvement. This study described a case of arteriovenous malformation with paraparesis and incontinence. CASE PRESENTATION: Diagnosis of patient was confirmed by clinical and imaging examination using magnetic resonance image and ruling out other possibilities. RESULT: A definitive diagnosis of arterio venous fistula was confirmed by clinical and MRI examination and demonstrated abnormalities compatible with dural arteriovenous fistula...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Sven Haller, Greg Zaharchuk, David L Thomas, Karl-Olof Lovblad, Frederik Barkhof, Xavier Golay
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique used to assess cerebral blood flow noninvasively by magnetically labeling inflowing blood. In this article, the main labeling techniques, notably pulsed and pseudocontinuous ASL, as well as emerging clinical applications will be reviewed. In dementia, the pattern of hypoperfusion on ASL images closely matches the established patterns of hypometabolism on fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) images due to the close coupling of perfusion and metabolism in the brain...
November 2016: Radiology
W Tania Rahman, Julius Griauzde, Neeraj Chaudhary, Aditya S Pandey, Joseph J Gemmete, Suzanne T Chong
Neurovascular emergencies, consisting of acute ischemic stroke, non-traumatic aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, arteriovenous malformation, dural arteriovenous fistula, and carotid- cavernous fistula, can have an acute presentation to the emergency department. Radiologists should have an understanding of these processes and their imaging findings in order to provide a prompt and accurate diagnosis. Neurointerventional radiology plays a critical role in providing additional diagnostic information and potentially curative treatment...
October 7, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Dale Ding, Stefan Brew, Ben McGuinness, Edward W Mee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Yu-Ching Cheng, Hung-Chieh Chen, Chen-Hao Wu, Yi-Ying Wu, Ming-His Sun, Wen-Hsien Chen, Jyh-Wen Chai, Clayton Chi-Chang Chen
BACKGROUND: Traditional digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is currently the gold standard diagnostic method for the diagnosis and evaluation of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVF). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze different less invasive magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) images, time-resolved MRA (TR-MRA) and three-dimensional time-of-flight MRA (3D TOF MRA) to identify their diagnostic accuracy and to determine which approach is most similar to DSA...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Joana Chaves Gonçalves Rodrigues de Carvalho, Francisco Javier Tercero Machin, Luis San Roman Manzanera, Jordi Blasco Andaluz, Sílvia Herrero Nogués, Núria Peix Soriano, Victor Obach Baurier, Enrique Jesus Carrero Cardenal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dural arteriovenous fistulas are anomalous shunts between dural arterial and venous channels whose nidus is located between the dural leaflets. For those circumstances when invasive treatment is mandatory, endovascular techniques have grown to become the mainstay of practice, choice attributable to their reported safety and effectiveness. We describe the unique and rare case of a dural arteriovenous fistula treated by transarterial embolization and complicated by an intraventricular hemorrhage...
September 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Naoya Kuwayama
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are few reports describing the prevalence of dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs). We conducted a nation-wide retrograde survey on the clinical frequency and the status of treatment of dAVFs in Japan. METHODS: The first questionnaire was sent to 1,236 certified neurosurgery clinics in Japan to ask about the number of patients treated and the location of dAVF during the 5 years from 1998 to 2002. The second questionnaire was sent to 102 large-volume centers to ask the patients' ages, gender, location of the fistula, clinical presentation, treatment modalities, clinical and radiological results, and recurrence...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Alessandro Bertuccio, Chiara Robba, Giannantonio Spena, Pietro Primo Versari
INTRODUCTION: Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) is a challenging condition in vascular neurosurgery. Development of new endovascular techniques has progressively modified treatment strategies; however, surgery is still considered a valid option of treatment of this pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a retrospective analysis of our database, we selected 107 patients who underwent surgical treatment for DAVFs. Patients were grouped into five categories according to the Borden and Cognard classifications...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Dae Chul Suh, Ji Eun Park, Hairi Liu, Sung Chul Jung
OBJECTIVE: To promote embolization of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) with a small long tortuous feeder that may impede successful application of an embolic agent. METHODS: An induced-wedge technique was developed in which blood flow was blocked by coiling at the proximal part of the microcatheter for secure injection of N-butyl cyanoacrylate. We used this techniques in 11 SDAVF patients (M:F = 8:3): 7 thoracic, 2 lumbar, 1 sacral, and 1 cervical. Clinical outcome was evaluated by the Aminoff-Logue Disability Scale...
September 13, 2016: World Neurosurgery
A Najjar, F Zairi, T Sunna, A Weil, L Estrade, A Weill, D Shedid
BACKGROUND: Vascular lesions of the spinal cord are increasingly recognized. The most common types of these lesions are dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) whereas, extradural AVFs are a very rare type of spinal AVF and can be associated with either extradural or intradural venous reflux. This results in neurological deficits through congestive or compressive myeloradiculopathy. These lesions must be treated to allow stabilization or improvement of neurologic status, either by endovascular therapy or microsurgical interruption...
September 8, 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
Junichi Miyamoto, Kyo Niijima
An intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula(dAVF)was incidentally detected in a 39-year-old man during a medical checkup. Except for a mild episode of pneumonia at the age of 22 years, his medical history was unremarkable. He had no family history of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia(HHT). The dAVF was treated radically via ligation of the fistula, without any complications. Postoperative angiography demonstrated that the dAVF had completely healed, but showed an aberrant, dilatated, and tortuous internal mammary artery...
September 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Yasunari Niimi
Intracranial arteriovenous shunts (ICAVSs) in young children are characterized with frequent high flow fistulas. In association of high flow fistulas and physiological condition of the developing brain and heart, each disease tends to present at a certain age with unique symptoms. Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) and dural sinus malformation (DSM) with arteriovenous (AV) shunts tend to present in neonate with high output cardiac failure. In infancy, VGAM, pial AVF and infantile dural AVF tend to present with hydrodynamic disorder such as macrocephaly, ventriculomegaly, prominent facial veins, and developmental delay...
September 7, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Syrone Liu, Dane C Lee, Tad Tanoura
The medial tentorial artery arises from the meningohypophyseal trunk, a branch of the cavernous internal carotid artery, and it is poorly visualized on angiography in the absence of pathologically increased blood flow. We present the case of a 38-year-old man with intraventricular hemorrhage from a tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) singularly supplied by a robust medial tentorial artery. Tentorial DAVFs comprise a rare but high-risk subset of DAVFs. The diagnosis was suggested by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings and confirmed with digital subtraction angiography...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
Asaf Honig, Ruth Eliahou, Roni Eichel, Ari Aharon Shemesh, Tamir Ben-Hur, Eitan Auriel
Bilateral thalamic infarction (BTI) typically presents as a sleep-like coma (SLC) without localizing signs, posing a diagnostic challenge that may lead the treating physician to search for toxic or metabolic causes and delay treatment. We review our experience with BTI of different etiologies, and emphasize the critical role of timely imaging, diagnosis, and management in a series of 12 patients with a presentation of SLC and acute BTI who were managed in our Medical Centers from 2006-2015. In 11/12, urgent head CT scans showed normal brain tissue, while diffusion-weighted (DWI) MRI revealed symmetric bilateral thalamic hyperintense lesions with variable degrees of brainstem involvement...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Michael M McDowell, Andrew F Ducruet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Bradley A Gross, Felipe C Albuquerque, Karam Moon, Cameron G McDougall
OBJECTIVE Many small series and technical reports chronicle the evolution of endovascular techniques for cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) over the past 3 decades, but reports of large patient series are lacking. The authors provide a thorough analysis of clinical and angiographic outcomes across a large patient cohort. METHODS The authors reviewed their endovascular database from January 1996 to September 2015 to identify patients harboring cranial dAVFs who were treated initially with endovascular approaches...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
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