keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Differential diagnosis ectopic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028087/axillary-ectopic-lobular-carcinoma-of-breast-two-rare-case-reports
#1
A Conversi, M L Meggiorini, P Fino, G Soda, N Scuderi, M G Onesti
OBJECTIVE: The presence of ectopic or supernumerary breast tissue is a rare event, related to a not complete regression of breast tissue along the milk line. Primary ectopic breast cancer of the axilla can create many difficulties in differential diagnosis with subsequent delayed specific treatments. The incidence of ectopic breast tissue is 0.2-6%, and the axilla is the most common site involved. In this tissue, the same physiologic and pathologic changes as seen in ectopic breast tissue may occur, including carcinoma formation...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987285/heterotopic-ossification-and-the-elucidation-of-pathologic-differentiation
#2
David Cholok, Michael T Chung, Kavitha Ranganathan, Serra Ucer, Devaveena Day, Thomas A Davis, Yuji Mishina, Benjamin Levi
Tissue regeneration following acute or persistent inflammation can manifest a spectrum of phenotypes ranging from the adaptive to the pathologic. Heterotopic Ossification (HO), the endochondral formation of bone within soft-tissue structures following severe injury serves as a prominent example of pathologic differentiation; and remains a persistent clinical issue incurring significant patient morbidity and expense to adequately diagnose and treat. The pathogenesis of HO provides an intriguing opportunity to better characterize the cellular and cell-signaling contributors to aberrant differentiation...
October 4, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984337/primary-splenic-pregnancy-a-rare-but-imperative-cause-of-hemoperitoneum-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Ruchi Rathore, Shilpi Shilpi, Ratna Chopra, Namrata Nargotra
Primary splenic pregnancy is an extremely rare form of extratubal ectopic pregnancy. These cases often cause splenic rupture in very early course of their gestation thereby presenting with hemoperitoneum in emergencies. Owing to the higher risk of exsanguination and death caused by hemoperitoneum, it is essential to diagnose these cases for proper management and better prognosis of the patients. We present the case of a 23-year-old female, gravida 2, para 1, live issue 1 presenting to the emergency outpatient department with acute abdomen and hemoperitoneum...
October 6, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940135/ectopic-retroperitoneal-adrenocortical-carcinoma-in-the-setting-of-lynch-syndrome
#4
Jesse P Wright, Kathleen W Montgomery, Joshua Tierney, Jill Gilbert, Carmen C Solórzano, Kamran Idrees
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is rare within the adult population. Ectopic ACC proves even rarer. This variant is formed by cortical fragments arrested during embryologic migration. ACC is also known to be associated with several genetic syndromes and has recently been linked to Lynch syndrome in 3% of cases. We present the case of a 68-year-old male with a confirmed diagnosis of Lynch syndrome secondary to a germline MSH2 mismatch-repair gene-mutation who presented with 2 months history of non-specific abdominal pain...
September 22, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932769/microrna-expression-in-a-phosphaturic-mesenchymal-tumour
#5
Darrell Green, Irina Mohorianu, Isabelle Piec, Jeremy Turner, Clare Beadsmoore, Andoni Toms, Richard Ball, John Nolan, Iain McNamara, Tamas Dalmay, William D Fraser
Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumours are a heterogeneous set of bone and soft tissue neoplasms that can cause a number of paraneoplastic syndromes such as tumour induced osteomalacia. The term phosphaturic comes from the common finding that these tumours secrete high levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 which causes renal phosphate wasting leading to hypophosphatemia. Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumours are rare and diagnosis is difficult. A very active 68 year old male presented with bone pain and muscle weakness...
December 2017: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893301/intussusception-caused-by-heterotopic-gastric-mucosa-in-small-intestine-a-case-report
#6
Priyanka Anand, Sompal Singh, Namrata Sarin
BACKGROUND: Intestinal intussusception is the most frequent cause of small bowel obstruction in children between the ages of 2 months and 5 years and often remains idiopathic in etiology, even after surgery. On microscopic examination, in intussusception normal mucosa is noted but in a few cases heterotopic tissue can be seen. Heterotopic gastric mucosa in the small intestine is extremely rare except for its occurrence in remnants of Meckel's diverticulum. In view of the rarity of this condition, we report a case of ectopic gastric mucosa in the small intestine that was not associated with remnants of vitelline duct...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864044/transvaginal-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-adenomyosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Marina Paula Andres, Giuliano Moysés Borrelli, Juliana Ribeiro, Edmund Chada Baracat, Mauricio Simões Abrão, Rosanne M Kho
Adenomyosis is characterized by the presence of ectopic foci of endometrial glandular tissue and/or stroma within the myometrium. The diagnosis of adenomyosis is made traditionally through histological evaluation of the post-surgical specimen. More recently, imaging with transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) has been used for the pre-operative diagnosis of adenomyosis. As yet, there is no consensus regarding the best imaging feature or combination thereof for the non-surgical diagnosis of adenomyosis. This study systematically evaluates the literature in the last 10 years to determine the accuracy of TVUS 2D, different imaging features, enhancing methods such as TVUS 3D, elastography and color Doppler in the non-surgical diagnosis of adenomyosis...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844099/epigenetic-silencing-of-prss3-provides-growth-and-metastasis-advantage-for-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Bonan Lin, Xiaomeng Zhou, Shuye Lin, Xiaoyue Wang, Meiying Zhang, Baoping Cao, Yan Dong, Shuai Yang, Ji Ming Wang, Mingzhou Guo, Jiaqiang Huang
Protease, serine, 3 (PRSS3), a member of the trypsin family of serine proteases, has been shown to be aberrantly expressed in several cancer types and to play important roles in tumor progression and metastasis. However, the expression and function of PRSS3 gene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. Here we found that PRSS3 expression was decreased in human HCC cell lines and HCC surgical specimens. This was associated with intragenic methylation of PRSS3 gene. Treatment with DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and/or histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A restored PRSS3 expression in HCC cell lines...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836514/ectopic-pancreas-in-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-is-endosonographic-diagnosis-reliable-data-from-the-german-endoscopic-ultrasound-registry-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Uwe Gottschalk, Christoph F Dietrich, Christian Jenssen
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pancreas (EP) belongs to the most frequent subepithelial lesions (SELs) of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In the majority of cases, it is detected incidentally. Differential diagnosis from mesenchymal subepithelial tumors may be difficult. METHODS: Among 24,308 endosonographic examinations and interventions, which were prospectively enrolled in the database of the German Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) Registry from January 2009 to August 2013, 575 were performed for suspected SELs of the upper GI tract...
August 24, 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832081/primary-splenic-pregnancy-a-rare-but-imperative-cause-of-hemoperitoneum-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Ruchi Rathore, Shilpi Shilpi, Ratna Chopra, Namrata Nargotra
Primary splenic pregnancy is an extremely rare form of extratubal ectopic pregnancy. These cases often cause splenic rupture in very early course of their gestation thereby presenting with hemoperitoneum in emergencies. Owing to the higher risk of exsanguination and death caused by hemoperitoneum, it is essential to diagnose these cases for proper management and better prognosis of the patients. We present the case of a 23-year-old female, gravida 2, para 1, live issue 1 presenting to the emergency outpatient department with acute abdomen and hemoperitoneum...
2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817680/human-alpha-defensin-5-is-a-candidate-biomarker-to-delineate-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Amanda D Williams, Olga Y Korolkova, Amos M Sakwe, Timothy M Geiger, Samuel D James, Roberta L Muldoon, Alan J Herline, J Shawn Goodwin, Michael G Izban, Mary K Washington, Duane T Smoot, Billy R Ballard, Maria Gazouli, Amosy E M'Koma
Inability to distinguish Crohn's colitis from ulcerative colitis leads to the diagnosis of indeterminate colitis. This greatly effects medical and surgical care of the patient because treatments for the two diseases vary. Approximately 30 percent of inflammatory bowel disease patients cannot be accurately diagnosed, increasing their risk of inappropriate treatment. We sought to determine whether transcriptomic patterns could be used to develop diagnostic biomarker(s) to delineate inflammatory bowel disease more accurately...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794604/a-rare-malformation-of-urinary-system-right-ectopic-thoracic-kidney
#12
Musab Ilgi, Cemil Kutsal, Ahmet Tevfik Albayrak, Sinan Levent Kirecci, Ugur Temel
An ectopic kidney is a common developmental anomaly of the urinary system. However, the thoracic kidney (TK) is the rarest state form of an aberrant kidney. The aim of this case report is defining the symptoms in TK diagnosis and constructing a treatment model will promote the best outcomes. These patients come to the physician with the various symptoms, and they could be diagnosed incidentally. In our case, we describe 40 years female patient with severe respiratory problems and upper back pain. In the pulmonary clinic, suspected mass was diagnosed with chest X-ray, and computerized tomography detected nontraumatic nonhernia associated, a truly ectopic TK...
July 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780604/mir-338-5p-promotes-glioma-cell-invasion-by-regulating-tshz3-and-mmp2
#13
Yanyan Li, Yulun Huang, Zhenyu Qi, Ting Sun, Youxin Zhou
This study was designed to examine differential expression of miR-338-5p in gliomas and the role of miR-338-5p in glioma cell invasion via its potential target gene TSHZ3 encoding Teashirt zinc finger homobox 3, predicted by bioinformatics, and matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP2), the key pro-invasive protease overexpressed in gliomas. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and Spearman correlation analysis were used to determine differential expressions of miR-338-5p and TSHZ3 in astrocytic gliomas of different grades (n = 35) and glioblastoma cell lines (U87 and U251) in comparison to non-neoplastic brain (NNB) tissues (n = 6)...
August 5, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761619/ectopic-thyroid-tissue-unusual-differential-diagnosis-of-cervical-paraganglioma
#14
Houda Chahed, Ghada Kharrat, Rim Bechraoui, Jihene Marrakchi, Azza Mediouni, Mohamed Ben Amor, Rim Zainine, Nejeh Beltaief, Ghazi Besbes
Ectopic thyroid tissue (ETT) lateral to the midline is rare. Its occurrence in the carotid bifurcation is exceptional. We present a 45 years woman who consulted with a slow growing right cervical swelling. Clinical examination Ultrasonography, contrast enhanced CT and cervical MRI concluded to a paraganglioma. Intra-operatively, the tumor didn't have the characteristic aspect of a paraganglioma. Complete excision was performed. Histology concluded to an ectopic micro-vesicular thyroid adenoma.Previous literature was reviewed to summarize clinical and radiologic characteristics of such rare entity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753380/ct-and-mr-imaging-of-gynecologic-emergencies
#15
Yuko Iraha, Masahiro Okada, Rin Iraha, Kimei Azama, Tsuneo Yamashiro, Maho Tsubakimoto, Yoichi Aoki, Sadayuki Murayama
Gynecologic emergencies include various diseases that result from adnexal and uterine disorders. Adnexal disorders may be classified into the following three categories: (a) disorders that cause hemorrhage (hemorrhagic ovarian cysts and ectopic pregnancies); (b) disorders related to adnexal tumors (adnexal torsion and rupture of ovarian tumors); and (c) disorders related to pelvic inflammatory disease, such as tubo-ovarian abscesses. Unusual adnexal torsion, such as massive ovarian edema, isolated fallopian tube torsion, and paraovarian cyst torsion, has also been described...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729096/can-the-presence-of-a-surrounding-endometrium-differentiate-eccentrically-located-intrauterine-pregnancy-from-interstitial-ectopic-pregnancy
#16
Allison Grant, Ally Murji, Mostafa Atri
OBJECTIVES: Differentiation of an eccentric intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) from an interstitial ectopic pregnancy (EP) is challenging. No sign for differentiation is reported. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of surrounding endometrium (SE) can distinguish eccentric IUP from interstitial EP. METHODS: This study was approved by the institutional ethics board; consent acquisition was waived. Cases were identified using ultrasound (US) reports that included the words "interstitial," "cornual," and "angular...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728581/a-gestational-choriocarcinoma-of-the-ovary-diagnosed-by-dna-polymorphic-analysis-a-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
Nan Jia, Yan Chen, Xiang Tao, Enzhi Ou, Xin Lu, Weiwei Feng
BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma of the ovary is rare. This tumor can arise from gestational tissue or pure germ cells of the ovary, the former results in gestational choriocarcinoma. The clinical characteristics and histology of both tumor types are identical, differentiation of these tumors is necessary for effective treatment. One strategy for the differentiation of these tumors types is to identify the presence of paternal DNA by DNA polymorphic analysis. CASE PRESENTATION: In the present case, a 27-year-old patient with a history of amenorrhea, lower abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding received a laparoscopic dissection of cystic mass of the right ovary according to an initial diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723778/thoracic-splenosis-mimicking-a-pleuropneumonia-a-case-report
#18
Aurélie Baldolli, Solène Coeuret, Vincent Le Pennec, Denis Agostini, Renaud Verdon
RATIONALE: Splenosis is the development of one or more heterotopic splenic tissue autoimplants following rupture of the spleen and remains mostly asymptomatic. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 50-year old post-traumatic splenectomized man admitted for a left side community acquired pneumonia resistant to antibiotics. DIAGNOSES: The diagnosis of intrathoracic ectopic spleen was suspected because of the history of spleen trauma with diaphragm rupture and the absence of Howell-Jolly bodies...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702266/papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-ectopic-malignancy-versus-metastatic-disease
#19
Yanery's Agosto-Vargas, Madeleine Gutiérrez, José Hernán Martínez, Michelle Mangual-Garcia, Coromoto Palermo, Sharon Vélez-Maymi, Luis Hernández-Vázquez, Samayra Miranda-Rodríguez, Alex González-Bossolo, Ernesto Solá-Sánchez, Marianne Hernández-Negrón
Papillary thyroid carcinoma frequently metastasizes to regional lymph nodes. However, cervical lymph node metastasis as a sole manifestation of occult papillary thyroid carcinoma is rarely observed. Ectopic thyroid is an uncommon condition defined as the presence of thyroid tissue at a site other than pretracheal area. Approximately 1-3% of all ectopic thyroid tissue is located in the lateral neck. This entity may represent the only functional thyroid tissue in the body. Malignant transformation of ectopic thyroid is uncommon; but even rarer is the development of papillary carcinoma on it...
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680641/concurrent-intrathyroidal-thymus-and-parathyroid-in-a-patient-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-challenging-diagnosis
#20
Georgios Velimezis, Argyrios Ioannidis, Sotirios Apostolakis, Maria Chorti, Charalampos Avramidis, Evripidis Papachristou
During embryogenesis, the thymus and inferior parathyroid glands develop from the third pharyngeal pouch and migrate to their definite position. During this process, several anatomic variations may arise, with the thyroid being one of the most common sites of ectopic implantation for both organs. Here, we report the case of a young female patient, who underwent total thyroidectomy for papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. The patient's history was remarkable for disorders of the genitourinary system. Histologic examination revealed the presence of well-differentiated intrathyroidal thymic tissue, containing an inferior parathyroid gland...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
keyword
keyword
34602
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"