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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545129/direct-and-indirect-costs-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-mali-a-case-control-study
#1
Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Stéphane Besançon, Mira Johri, Sidibe Assa, Jonathan Betz Brown, Kaushik Ramaiya
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most burdensome chronic diseases and is associated with shorter lifetime, diminished quality of life and economic burdens on the patient and society as a result of healthcare, medication, and reduced labor market participation. We aimed to estimate the direct (medical and non-medical) and indirect costs of DM and compare them with those of people without DM (ND), as well as the cost predictors. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Observational retrospective case-control study performed in Mali...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541225/stability-of-enzymatic-biosensors-for-wearable-applications
#2
Apurva Sonawane, Pandiaraj Manickam, Shekhar Bhansali
Technological evolution in wearable sensors is accounting for major growth and transformation in multitude of industries ranging from healthcare to computing & informatics to communication and biomedical sciences. The major driver for this transformation is the new-found ability to continuously monitor and analyze the patients' physiology in patients' natural setting. Numerous wearable sensors are already on the market and are summarized. Most of the current technologies have focused on electro-physiological, electro-mechanical or acoustic measurements...
May 19, 2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538916/policies-for-fostering-health-science-technology-and-innovation-in-brazil-and-the-role-of-clinical-research
#3
Marge Tenório, Guilherme Arantes Mello, Ana Luiza D'Ávila Viana
The purpose of this article is to highlight a number of underlying issues that may be useful for a comprehensive review of the management of Health-Related Science, Technology and Innovation policies (ST&I/H), and its strategies and priorities. It is an analytical study supported by an extensive review of the technical and journalistic literature, clippings, legislation and federal government directives. The results show that the Healthcare Production Complex undeniably and increasingly needs science to maintain itself...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536326/-drug-vial-optimization-dvo-for-anti-cancer-drugs
#4
Takashi Iwamoto
The healthcare cost reduction is one of the big national issues in Japan. The author published a policy report on drug vial optimization(DVO)as a concrete solution to reduce the healthcare cost. 31.9 billion Japanese Yen(JPY)to 41.0 billion JPY can be reduced if DVOis introduced all over Japan and this reduction amount must be bigger now since the anti-cancer drug market is growing every year and expensive anti-cancer drugs have been newly introduced in the market. The author made discussion with various people in mass media and stakeholders of policies and investigation to introduce DVOin Japan was started...
May 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536062/a-systematic-review-of-gamification-in-e-health
#5
REVIEW
Lamyae Sardi, Ali Idri, José Luis Fernández-Alemán
Gamification is a relatively new trend that focuses on applying game mechanics to non-game contexts in order to engage audiences and to inject a little fun into mundane activities besides generating motivational and cognitive benefits. While many fields such as Business, Marketing and e-Learning have taken advantage of the potential of gamification, the digital healthcare domain has also started to exploit this emerging trend. This paper aims to summarize the current knowledge regarding gamified e-Health applications...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527520/recent-advances-in-smart-biotechnology-hydrogels-and-nanocarriers-for-tailored-bioactive-molecules-depot
#6
REVIEW
Gesmi Milcovich, Stefania Lettieri, Filipe E Antunes, Bruno Medronho, Ana C Fonseca, Jorge F J Coelho, Paolo Marizza, Francesca Perrone, Rossella Farra, Barbara Dapas, Gabriele Grassi, Mario Grassi, Silvia Giordani
Over the past ten years, the global biopharmaceutical market has remarkably grown, with ten over the top twenty worldwide high performance medical treatment sales being biologics. Thus, biotech R&D (research and development) sector is becoming a key leading branch, with expanding revenues. Biotechnology offers considerable advantages compared to traditional therapeutic approaches, such as reducing side effects, specific treatments, higher patient compliance and therefore more effective treatments leading to lower healthcare costs...
May 9, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526075/testing-times-trends-in-availability-price-and-market-share-of-malaria-diagnostics-in-the-public-and-private-healthcare-sector-across-eight-sub-saharan-african-countries-from-2009-to-2015
#7
Kara Hanson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization guidelines have recommended that all cases of suspected malaria should receive a confirmatory test with microscopy or a malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT), however evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) illustrates that only one-third of children under five with a recent fever received a test. The aim of this study was to evaluate availability, price and market share of microscopy and RDT from 2009/11 to 2014/15 in 8 SSA countries, to better understand barriers to improving access to malaria confirmatory testing in the public and private health sectors...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522642/influence-of-drug-class-and-healthcare-setting-on-systemic-antifungal-expenditures-in-the-united-states-2005-15
#8
Margaret A Fitzpatrick, Katie J Suda, Charlesnika T Evans, Robert J Hunkler, Frances Weaver, Glen T Schumock
PURPOSE: Overall and specific class trends in systemic antifungal expenditures in various U.S. healthcare settings from 2005 through 2015 were evaluated. METHODS: Systemic antifungal expenditures from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2015, were obtained from the QuintilesIMS National Sales Perspective database, which provides a statistically valid projection of medication purchases from multiple markets throughout the United States. Summary data for total antifungal expenditures over the entire period are reported, as are growth and the percentage change in expenditures from one year to the next...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506673/high-frequency-of-silver-resistance-genes-in-invasive-isolates-of-enterobacter-and-klebsiella-species
#9
S Sütterlin, M Dahlö, C Tellgren-Roth, W Schaal, Å Melhus
BACKGROUND: Silver-based products have been marketed as an alternative to antibiotics, and their consumption has increased. Bacteria may, however, develop resistance to silver. AIM: To study the presence of genes encoding silver resistance (silE, silP, silS) over time in three clinically important Enterobacteriaceae genera. METHODS: Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), 752 bloodstream isolates from the years 1990-2010 were investigated. Age, gender, and ward of patients were registered, and the susceptibility to antibiotics and silver nitrate was tested...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501373/evaluating-appropriate-use-of-pediatric-echocardiograms-for-chest-pain-in-outpatient-clinics
#10
Reid C Chamberlain, Jonathan H Pelletier, Sarah Blanchard, Christoph P Hornik, Kevin D Hill, Michael J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is often used in the evaluation of pediatric chest pain, but the incidence of cardiac pathology is low. In 2014, the American College of Cardiology published appropriate use criteria (AUC) for echocardiography including recommendations for pediatric chest pain. We evaluated the frequency and diagnostic yield of echocardiograms performed for each AUC indication and cost associated with echocardiograms performed for indications meeting the "rarely appropriate" criteria...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488808/cracking-induction-in-health-libraries-is-there-a-right-way
#11
Nicola Forgham-Healey
In most instances, inductions are the first time that users will be introduced to health library services. The time available in which to deliver library orientation sessions within a broader, Trust induction programme is often limited, and this can present challenges for health librarians. Inductions are a great marketing tool, and it is important that induction sessions make the right impact. Within a brief window of opportunity, the health librarian must impart key information to the inductees whilst ensuring the session is relevant and memorable...
June 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482774/managerial-strategies-to-make-incentives-meaningful-and-motivating
#12
Sara Korlén, Anna Essén, Peter Lindgren, Isis Amer-Wahlin, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz
Purpose Policy makers are applying market-inspired competition and financial incentives to drive efficiency in healthcare. However, a lack of knowledge exists about the process whereby incentives are filtered through organizations to influence staff motivation, and the key role of managers is often overlooked. The purpose of this paper is to explore the strategies managers use as intermediaries between financial incentives and the individual motivation of staff. The authors use empirical data from a local case in Swedish specialized care...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477160/current-status-of-biosimilars-in-oncology
#13
REVIEW
Luis H Camacho
Four medicinal cancer biological blockbusters will end their patent lifespan by 2020. It is estimated that the total market for cancer biologicals will reach approximately US$68 billion at that time. Approximately 20 biosimilars have entered the European market since the launch of the original approval guidelines in 2005, and four biosimilars have been approved in the USA since 2015. Data from European countries with the highest market entrance of biosimilars suggest that the incorporation of biosimilars into healthcare systems worldwide may result in a 30-45% cost savings...
June 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474142/the-gastroenterology-fellowship-match-a-decade-later
#14
EDITORIAL
Robert J Huang, George Triadafilopoulos, David Limsui
Following a period of uncertainty and disorganization, the gastroenterology (GI) national leadership decided to reinstitute the fellowship match (the Match) under the auspices of the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP) in 2006. Although it has now been a decade since the rebirth of the Match, there have been limited data published regarding progress made. In this piece, we discuss reasons for the original collapse of the GI Match, including most notably a perceived oversupply of GI physicians and a poor job market...
May 4, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465767/top-10-healthcare-market-trends-in-2017
#15
John Santilli, F Randy Vogenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462110/self-care-use-patterns-in-the-uk-us-australia-and-japan-a-multinational-web-based-survey
#16
Sujeong Mun, Jeong-Hwan Park, Seung-Min Baek, Minhee Lee, Sun-Mi Choi, Sanghun Lee
BACKGROUND: The trend toward patient- or consumer-centered healthcare has been accelerated by advances in technology, consumer empowerment, and a shift from infectious to chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the growing self-care market by analyzing self-care patterns. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, web-based survey involving adults from nine major cities in the UK, the USA, Australia, and Japan. This study examined the extent and frequency of self-care, self-care expenditure, sources of self-care information, and reasons for self-care in each country...
June 2016: Integr Med Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461352/high-price-and-low-price-physician-practices-do-not-differ-significantly-on-care-quality-or-efficiency
#17
Eric T Roberts, Ateev Mehrotra, J Michael McWilliams
Consolidation of physician practices has intensified concerns that providers with greater market power may be able to charge higher prices without having to deliver better care, compared to providers with less market power. Providers have argued that higher prices cover the costs of delivering higher-quality care. We examined the relationship between physician practice prices for outpatient services and practices' quality and efficiency of care. Using commercial claims data, we classified practices as being high- or low-price...
May 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461037/post-marketing-drug-withdrawals-pharmacovigilance-success-regulatory-problems
#18
Jeffrey K Aronson
Modern pharmacovigilance began in the 1960s, since when the subject has grown markedly, interest having particularly increased since 2010. One index of its success is the increasing speed with which serious adverse drug reactions are discovered after marketing of a medicinal product. However, the speed with which products have subsequently been withdrawn as a result of the discovery of serious adverse reactions has not consistently changed. This highlights problems that regulators and manufacturers face when serious reactions are discovered, with difficulties in deciding which of several consequent actions to take: to add specific warnings (cautions) or contraindications to the product label; to issue a Direct Healthcare Professional Communication; to allow informed patients to decide whether they will take the drug; or, in the most serious cases, to withdraw the product or revoke the licence...
March 30, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453610/the-future-of-uk-healthcare-problems-and-potential-solutions-to-a-system-in-crisis
#19
H E Montgomery, A Haines, N Marlow, G Pearson, M G Mythen, M P W Grocott, C Swanton
The UK's Health System is in crisis, central funding no longer keeping pace with demand. Traditional responses-spending more, seeking efficiency savings or invoking market forces-are not solutions. The health of our nation demands urgent delivery of a radical new model, negotiated openly between public, policymakers and healthcare professionals. Such a model could focus on disease prevention, modifying health behaviour and implementing change in public policy in fields traditionally considered unrelated to health such as transport, food and advertising...
April 27, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448825/health-policy-in-the-concertaci%C3%A3-n-era-1990-2010-reforms-the-chilean-way
#20
María Soledad Martinez-Gutierrez, Cristóbal Cuadrado
The Chilean health system has experienced important transformations in the last decades with a neoliberal turn to privatization of the health insurance and healthcare market since the Pinochet reforms of the 1980s. During 20 years of center-left political coalition governments several reforms were attempted to regulate and reform such markets. This paper analyzes regulatory policies for the private health insurance and health care delivery market, adopted during the 1990-2010 period. A framework of variation in market types developed by Gingrich is adopted as analytical perspective...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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