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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783942/effect-of-the-patient-education-learning-and-coping-strategies-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-return-to-work-at-one-year-a-randomised-controlled-trial-show-lc-rehab
#1
Birgitte Laier Bitsch, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Vibeke Lynggaard
BACKGROUND: Personal resources are identified as important for the ability to return to work (RTW) for patients with ischaemic heart disease (IHD) or heart failure (HF) undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The patient education 'Learning and Coping' (LC) addresses personal resources through a pedagogical approach. This trial aimed to assess effect of adding LC strategies in CR compared to standard CR measured on RTW status at one-year follow-up after CR. METHODS: In an open parallel randomised controlled trial, patients with IHD or HF were block-randomised in a 1:1 ratio to the LC arm (LC plus CR) or the control arm (CR alone) across three Danish hospital units...
May 21, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768112/-marvin-the-paranoid-android-the-case-of-an-alpha-pvp-user-in-the-expanding-galaxy-of-nps
#2
Simonato Pierluigi, Bulsis Laura, Negri Attilio, Bansal Gurjeet K, Pessa Gloria, Mioni Davide, Giuseppe Borgherini, Martinotti Giovanni, Schifano Fabrizio, Giulia Perini, Corazza Ornella
Alpha-PVP can be defined as a novel psychoactive substance (NPS)-more specifically, a novel synthetic cathinone with unpredictable stimulant effects in humans. "Marvin" arrived at a Dual Diagnosis Unit at Parco dei Tigli, Italy. He underwent a 30-day rehabilitation program to overcome his problematic Alpha-PVP use as a psychonaut. We conducted an online search to understand the properties of Alpha-PVP and its presence in scientific literature, reviewing official reports and the online drug market (e...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764458/cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-implant-dentistry-recommendations-for-clinical-use
#3
Reinhilde Jacobs, Benjamin Salmon, Marina Codari, Bassam Hassan, Michael M Bornstein
BACKGROUND: In implant dentistry, three-dimensional (3D) imaging can be realised by dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), offering volumetric data on jaw bones and teeth with relatively low radiation doses and costs. The latter may explain why the market has been steadily growing since the first dental CBCT system appeared two decades ago. More than 85 different CBCT devices are currently available and this exponential growth has created a gap between scientific evidence and existing CBCT machines...
May 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744627/vocational-rehabilitation-of-young-adults-with-psychological-disabilities
#4
Silke Tophoven, Nancy Reims, Anita Tisch
Objective Vocational rehabilitation measures support youth and young adults with disabilities to obtain vocational training and to enter the labor market. In Germany, a growing number of young people with psychological disabilities in vocational rehabilitation can be observed. The study at hand focuses on this group and examines their (un-)unemployment biographies before vocational rehabilitation, their access to vocational rehabilitation and identifies their individual challenges within the process of vocational rehabilitation...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692572/knowledge-and-attitude-about-relining-of-complete-dentures-in-clinical-practice-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Akhil Rathi, Rajlakshmi Banerjee, Usha Radke, Seema Lahoti, Shraddha Sahni
Background: Residual ridge resorption is crucial sequelae of tooth loss. Complete dentures are the most common way of rehabilitating edentulous patients. However, with continuing residual ridge resorption, dentures tend to become loose and unstable causing discomfort, chewing disability, and speech problems. Denture relining is an economical means of improving a denture's stability and retention. An understanding of the clinical indications and limitations of these materials and procedures is crucial for clinical success...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668534/comparison-between-three-types-of-prosthetic-feet-a-randomized-double-blind-single-subject-multiple-rater-trial
#6
Helena Burger, Gaj Vidmar, Branko Zdovc, Dominik Erzar, Metka Zalar
There are many prosthetic feet (Pfeet) on the market, and those in the same category do not necessarily have the same properties. We assessed three different Pfeet in terms of gait patterns on various terrains, balance and walking speed in a randomized double-blind controlled single-subject multiple-rater clinical trial. The patient was a 43-year old man who was an active prosthesis user and was amputated at transtibial level because of injury 17 years ago. One Solid Ankle Cushion Heel and two Dynamic Elastic Response (DER) Pfeet were tried six times in random order...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569532/the-relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-transition-to-work-or-studies-in-young-adults-with-disabilities
#7
Åsa Andersén, Kjerstin Larsson, Ronnie Pingel, Per Kristiansson, Ingrid Anderzén
AIM: To investigate perceived self-efficacy in unemployed young adults with disabilities, and the association between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies. METHODS: This prospective cohort study collected data through self-report questionnaires and registry data from a vocational rehabilitation project with young adults, aged 19-29 years. The Swedish Social Insurance Agency, the Swedish Public Employment Service and the participating municipalities identified potential participants for the study...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471758/impact-of-a-personalised-active-labour-market-programme-for-persons-with-disabilities
#8
Anna Adamecz-Völgyi, Petra Zsuzsa Lévay, Katalin Bördős, Ágota Scharle
AIMS: The paper estimates the impact of a supported employment programme implemented in Hungary. METHODS: This is a non-experimental evaluation using a matching identification strategy supported by rich data on individual characteristics, personal employment and unemployment history and the local labour market situation. We use a time-window approach to ensure that programme participants and matched controls entered unemployment at the same point in time, and thus faced very similar labour market conditions...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433493/protocol-for-the-individual-placement-and-support-ips-in-pain-trial-a-randomized-controlled-trial-investigating-the-effectiveness-of-ips-for-patients-with-chronic-pain
#9
Lene Therese B Linnemørken, Vigdis Sveinsdottir, Thomas Knutzen, Linn Rødevand, Kjersti Helene Hernæs, Silje Endresen Reme
BACKGROUND: Work disability involves large costs to the society as well as to the individual. Work disability is common among people with chronic pain conditions, yet few effective interventions exist. Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is an evidence-based work rehabilitation model originally developed to help people with severe mental illness obtain and maintain employment. The effectiveness of IPS for patients with severe mental illness is well documented, but the model has never before been tested for patients with chronic pain...
February 13, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404692/utilising-the-intel-realsense-camera-for-measuring-health-outcomes-in-clinical-research
#10
REVIEW
Francesco Luke Siena, Bill Byrom, Paul Watts, Philip Breedon
Applications utilising 3D Camera technologies for the measurement of health outcomes in the health and wellness sector continues to expand. The Intel® RealSense™ is one of the leading 3D depth sensing cameras currently available on the market and aligns itself for use in many applications, including robotics, automation, and medical systems. One of the most prominent areas is the production of interactive solutions for rehabilitation which includes gait analysis and facial tracking. Advancements in depth camera technology has resulted in a noticeable increase in the integration of these technologies into portable platforms, suggesting significant future potential for pervasive in-clinic and field based health assessment solutions...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381392/prognostic-factors-in-childhood-acquired-brain-injury
#11
Sharon Shaklai, Relly Peretz Fish, M Simantov, Z Groswasser
BACKGROUND: A long-term follow-up study comparing children after anoxic brain injury (AnBI) with those after traumatic brain injury (TBI) was conducted, and prognostic factors were mapped. METHODS: A prospective historical study following long-term functional outcome after childhood brain injury was conducted in two phases. The first phase included patients suffering from moderate-severe TBI. The second phase assessed children after AnBI, and the results were compared...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380694/herbal-immunomodulators-a-remedial-panacea-for-the-designing-and-developing-effective-drugs-and-medicines-current-scenario-and-future-prospects
#12
Ruchi Tiwari, Shyma K Latheef, Ishtiaq Ahmed, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Mohammed Hussen Bule, Kuldeep Dhama, Hari Abdul Samad, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mohd Iqbal Yatoo, Mayada Ragab Farag
Constant exposure to various stressors, such as immune pressure, rapidly increasing population, deleterious changes in the ecosystem, climate change, infection with emerging and re-emerging pathogens, and fast-paced lifestyle, is a critical factor in the globally increasing incidences of immunocompromising health conditions, as well as stress. Synthetic chemotherapeutic agents, which are widely available in the commercial market, may be highly efficacious, but most are immunosuppressive and exert many side effects...
January 29, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372344/-we-get-them-up-moving-and-out-the-door-how-do-we-get-them-to-do-what-is-recommended-using-behaviour-change-theory-to-put-exercise-evidence-into-action-for-rehabilitation-professionals
#13
Caitlin McArthur, Christina Ziebart, Alexandra Papaioannou, Angela M Cheung, Judi Laprade, Linda Lee, Ravi Jain, Lora M Giangregorio
Recommendations suggest a multicomponent exercise for people with osteoporosis. We identified rehabilitation professionals' barriers and facilitators to implementing exercise recommendations with people with osteoporosis, and used those to make suggestions for targeted knowledge translation interventions. Future work will report on development and evaluation of the interventions informed by our study. PURPOSE: Rehabilitation professionals can help people with osteoporosis to engage in a multicomponent exercise program and perform activities of daily living safely...
January 25, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310744/new-public-management-in-iran-s-health-complex-a-management-framework-for-primary-health-care-system
#14
Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Elaheh HaghGoshayie, Leila Doshmangir, Mahmood Yousefi
BACKGROUND: New public management (NPM) was developed as a management reform to improve the efficiency and effectiveness in public organizations, especially in health sector. Using the features of private sector management, the managers of health organizations may try to implement the elements of NPM with the hope to improve the performance of their systems. Aims Our aim in the present study was to identify the elements and infrastructures suitable for implementing NPM in the Iranian health complex...
January 9, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240522/stakeholder-views-addressing-the-development-and-uptake-of-powered-wheelchair-assistive-technology
#15
Michael Gillham, Matthew Pepper, Steve Kelly, Gareth Howells
PURPOSE: The objective of this research is to identify stakeholder views with regard to the development of effective powered wheelchair assistive technologies more suited to the user and carer needs, whilst also meeting the requirements for other stakeholders, such that developers can be better guided towards producing solutions which have a better chance of getting to the market place and hence to the end user. METHOD: A questionnaire was designed to collect the views of all stakeholders and circulated to a statistically representative number of them...
December 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210462/vocational-rehabilitation-for-enhancing-return-to-work-in-workers-with-traumatic-upper-limb-injuries
#16
REVIEW
Wen-Hsuan Hou, Ching-Chi Chi, Heng-Lien Lo, Yun-Yun Chou, Ken N Kuo, Hung-Yi Chuang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic upper limb injury is a leading cause of work-related disability. After return-to-work (RTW), many survivors of injuries are able to regain a quality of life (QoL) comparable with the normal population. Since RTW plays an important role in economic productivity and regaining health-related QoL, enhancing RTW in workers with traumatic limb injuries is the primary goal of rehabilitation. Vocational rehabilitation has been commonly employed in the field of occupational safety and health to increase the number of injured people returning to the labour market, prevent illness, increase well-being, and reduce disability...
December 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204424/3-d-bioprinting-of-neural-tissue-for-applications-in-cell-therapy-and-drug-screening
#17
REVIEW
Michaela Thomas, Stephanie M Willerth
Neurodegenerative diseases affect millions of individuals in North America and cost the health-care industry billions of dollars for treatment. Current treatment options for degenerative diseases focus on physical rehabilitation or drug therapies, which temporarily mask the effects of cell damage, but quickly lose their efficacy. Cell therapies for the central nervous system remain an untapped market due to the complexity involved in growing neural tissues, controlling their differentiation, and protecting them from the hostile environment they meet upon implantation...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203460/treatment-of-low-back-pain-with-a-digital-multidisciplinary-pain-treatment-app-short-term-results
#18
Stephan Huber, Janosch A Priebe, Kaja-Maria Baumann, Anne Plidschun, Christine Schiessl, Thomas R Tölle
BACKGROUND: Even though modern concepts of disease management of unspecific low back pain (LBP) postulate active participation of patients, this strategy is difficult to adapt unless multidisciplinary pain therapy is applied. Recently, mobile health solutions have proven to be effective aides to foster self-management of many diseases. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to report on the retrospective short-term results of a digital multidisciplinary pain app for the treatment of LBP...
December 4, 2017: JMIR rehabilitation and assistive technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#19
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
December 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124116/toward-common-mechanisms-for-risk-factors-in-alzheimer-s-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Miguel Medina, Zaven S Khachaturian, Martin Rossor, Jesús Avila, Angel Cedazo-Minguez
The global strategic goal of reducing health care cost, especially the prospects for massive increases due to expanding markets for health care services demanded by aging populations and/or people with a wide range of chronic disorders-disabilities, is a complex and formidable challenge with many facets. Current projections predict marked increases in the demand for health driven by both the exponential climb in the prevalence of chronic disabilities and the increases in the absolute numbers of people in need of some form of health care...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
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