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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817979/labor-market-position-after-a-rejection-of-a-disability-pension-application-a-register-based-cohort-study
#1
Mikko Laaksonen, Raija Gould, Jyri Liukko
PURPOSE: To study labor market positions of rejected disability pension applicants and to examine which characteristics predict ending up in these positions after the rejection. METHODS: Nationwide Finnish register data was used to describe employment, unemployment and disability pension trajectories of rejected applicants (n = 5740) from four years before to four years after the rejection. Demographic, occupational and health-related determinants of labor market position after the rejection were examined among those employed and not employed at the time of the rejection...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774211/electronic-assistive-technology-use-in-australian-shared-supported-accommodation-rates-and-user-characteristics
#2
Rebecca Jamwal, Libby Callaway, Louise Farnworth, Di Winkler
Electronic assistive technologies (EATs) are fast becoming considered an essential component of everyday life. To date, there has been little research on the use of EAT by people living in shared supported accommodation (SSA), one of the major community-based housing options for people with disability (PwD) in Australia. This study aimed to (1) audit current EAT use by PwD living in SSA, (2) describe the impact of Internet access on EAT use, and (3) examine potential relationships between individual characteristics and EAT use...
August 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758673/return-to-work-predictors-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-welfare-state
#3
L Odgaard, A R Pedersen, I Poulsen, S P Johnsen, J F Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of return to work (RTW) and stable labour market attachment (LMA) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Denmark. MATERIALS & METHODS: Patients aged 18-64 years, admitted to highly specialized neurorehabilitation after severe TBI 2004-2012 were included and followed up for ≤6 years. Weekly LMA data were retrieved from a national register of public assistance benefits. Weeks without or with supplemental public assistance benefits were defined as LMA weeks...
July 31, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738201/interbasin-water-transfer-for-the-rehabilitation-of-a-transboundary-mediterranean-stream-an-economic-analysis
#4
Ariel Akron, Andrea Ghermandi, Tamar Dayan, Yaron Hershkovitz
Global demand for freshwater is increasing as human population grows, climate changes and water resources are being overexploited. Consequently, many freshwater ecosystems, particularly in water-stressed regions, are severely degraded. Here we present a unique case of an Interbasin Water Transfer (IWT) project aiming at ecosystem rehabilitation and recreation enhancement of an intermittent transboundary stream (Ayun, Israel). For the past century, water diversion at the Lebanese side had led to flow secession in the Israeli Ayun Nature Reserve during the dry season (May-November)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729315/sequence-analysis-to-assess-labour-market-participation-following-vocational-rehabilitation-an-observational-study-among-patients-sick-listed-with-low-back-pain-from-a-randomised-clinical-trial-in-denmark
#5
Louise Lindholdt, Merete Labriola, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Trine Allerslev Horsbøl, Thomas Lund
INTRODUCTION: The return-to-work (RTW) process after long-term sickness absence is often complex and long and implies multiple shifts between different labour market states for the absentee. Standard methods for examining RTW research typically rely on the analysis of one outcome measure at a time, which will not capture the many possible states and transitions the absentee can go through. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential added value of sequence analysis in supplement to standard regression analysis of a multidisciplinary RTW intervention among patients with low back pain (LBP)...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652814/return-to-work-for-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-and-transformed-indolent-lymphoma-undergoing-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation
#6
Bente Arboe, Maja Halgren Olsen, Jette Soenderskov Goerloev, Anne Katrine Duun-Henriksen, Christoffer Johansen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Peter de Nully Brown
BACKGROUND: Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the standard treatment for patients with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or transformed indolent lymphoma (TIL). The treatment is mainly considered for younger patients still available for the work market. In this study, social outcomes after ASCT in terms of return to work (RTW) are described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Information from national administrative registers was combined with clinical information on patients, who received ASCT for relapse of DLBCL or TIL between 2000 and 2012...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652791/off-label-drugs-for-weight-management
#7
REVIEW
Ed J Hendricks
The global pandemic of obesity and overweight now affects between 2.8 and 3.5 billion of the world population and shows no signs of abatement. Treatment for what is now recognized as a chronic disease includes pharmacotherapy, considered an essential component of comprehensive therapy. New drug discovery is robust, but the pace of the US Food and Drug Administration approval for obesity drugs has been glacial, and only a handful of approved drugs are available for treating obesity. In the last 20 years, the US Food and Drug Administration has approved 208 drugs for cancer, 118 for cardiovascular diseases, 168 for neurological diseases, and 223 endocrinologic drugs, but only 6 for obesity, 2 of which have been taken off market...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614960/requirements-on-a-community-based-intervention-for-stimulating-physical-activity-in-physically-disabled-people-a-focus-group-study-amongst-experts
#8
Leonie A Krops, Doortje H J Hols, Nienke Folkertsma, Pieter U Dijkstra, Jan H B Geertzen, Rienk Dekker
PURPOSE: To explore ideas experts, working in the field of physical activity for people with a disability, pose on a stimulating movement intervention for physically disabled people longer than one year post rehabilitation or not familiar with rehabilitation. METHODS: Four semi-structured focus groups were conducted with experts (n = 28). Transcripts were analysed following thematic analysis, using the integrated physical activity for people with a disability and intervention mapping model...
June 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607755/access-and-barriers-to-ms-care-in-latin-america
#9
REVIEW
Víctor M Rivera, Miguel Angel Macias
Multiple sclerosis (MS), an epidemiologically emergent disorder in Latin America (LATAM), poses substantial socioeconomic challenges to a region where most countries remain as economies in development. MS is not health priority despite its economic and communitarian impact with a relatively low prevalence. MS treatments in LATAM have evolved from earlier long-term oral steroids and immunosuppression protocols, to platform disease modifying therapies (DMTs), to the current landscape with more advanced therapeutic molecules...
January 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602137/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-phototherapy-on-pain-muscle-activity-and-joint-mobility-in-women-with-temporomandibular-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Carolina Marciela Herpich, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Cid Andre Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Igor Phillip Dos Santos Gloria, Ana Paula Amaral, Maitê de Freitas de Rocha Souza Amaral, Fabiano Politti, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the immediate and short-term effects of phototherapy on pain intensity, the pressure pain threshold (PPT), maximum vertical mandibular movement, and the electrical activity of the masseter and temporal muscles in women with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). METHODS: Sixty women were randomly allocated to four different groups and submitted to phototherapy with a combination of super-pulsed laser (905 nm), red (640 nm), and infrared (875 nm) light emitting diodes in the same equipment on the masseter (three points) and temporal (two points) muscles bilaterally in a single session...
June 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592185/gendering-of-day-center-occupations-as-perceived-by-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities-in-sweden
#11
Stefan Widerberg, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: The aim was to explore the experiences and views of people attending day centers for people with psychiatric disabilities concerning the occurrence and nature of gendering of the occupations performed there. METHODS: Twenty-five day center attendees were interviewed regarding occupational choices at the day centers, whether they would describe day center occupations as gendered, and if so what the consequences were of the gendering of occupations. The transcribed texts were analyzed by thematic analysis...
June 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550486/socioeconomic-inequality-of-diabetes-patients-health-care-utilization-in-denmark
#12
Camilla Sortsø, Jørgen Lauridsen, Martha Emneus, Anders Green, Peter Bjødstrup Jensen
Understanding socioeconomic inequalities in health care is critical for achieving health equity. The aim of this paper is threefold: 1) to quantify inequality in diabetes health care service utilization; 2) to understand determinants of these inequalities in relation to socio-demographic and clinical morbidity factors; and 3) to compare the empirical outcome of using income level and educational level as proxies for Socio Economic Status (SES).Data on the entire Danish population of diabetes patients in 2011 (N = 318,729) were applied...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536062/a-systematic-review-of-gamification-in-e-health
#13
REVIEW
Lamyae Sardi, Ali Idri, José Luis Fernández-Alemán
Gamification is a relatively new trend that focuses on applying game mechanics to non-game contexts in order to engage audiences and to inject a little fun into mundane activities besides generating motivational and cognitive benefits. While many fields such as Business, Marketing and e-Learning have taken advantage of the potential of gamification, the digital healthcare domain has also started to exploit this emerging trend. This paper aims to summarize the current knowledge regarding gamified e-Health applications...
July 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527508/social-media-and-web-presence-for-patients-and-professionals-evolving-trends-and-implications-for-practice
#14
REVIEW
Jose E Barreto, Curtis L Whitehair
The use of social media has become very instinctive to many. It has become part of a daily routine. Enhanced communication, liberated expressions of self, becoming updated with all the trends and news, and marketing promotion are only some of the reasons why most people use social media. Health care providers including physicians should take advantage of these platforms for professional purposes. Social media extends far beyond the famous platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Instagram, used mostly for social connections...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455901/social-networks-and-social-functioning-level-among-occupational-therapy-workshops-and-community-based-support-centers-users
#15
Paweł Bronowski, Maryla Sawicka, Magda Rowicka, Marta Bronowska
OBJECTIVES: Community-Based Support Centers (CSC) and Occupational Therapy Workshops (OTW) have been functioning for over 20 years in Poland. However, the effectiveness of their rehabilitation programs as well as the users profile has not been examined yet. The aim of the study was to determine social functioning level and support network effectiveness of CSC and OTW users. METHODS: Research tools: GAS (Global Assessment Scale), social network and social support assessment, Social Functioning Scale, Sociodemographic Questionnaire...
February 26, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447873/employment-outcome-ten-years-after-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Erik Grauwmeijer, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Ian K Haitsma, Gerard M Ribbers
The objective of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the probability of employment and predictors of employment in patients with moderate- to- severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) over 10-year follow-up. One hundred nine patients (18-67 years) were included with follow-up measurements 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months and 10 years post-TBI. Potential predictors of employment probability included patient characteristics, injury severity factors, functional outcome measured at discharge from the hospital with the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), Barthel Index (BI), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and the Functional Assessment Measure (FAM)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420926/femto-lasik-the-recent-innovation-in-laser-assisted-refractive-surgery
#17
Zubair Shahid Bashir, Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Ayesha Anwar, Muhammad Hammad Ayub, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
Femtosecond laser has been introduced in refractive surgery to create a thin-hinged corneal flap without using any blade. The current review was planned to analyse and compare femtosecond-assisted laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK), the latest refractive procedure, with conventional techniques in refractive surgery. The analysis showed that femtosecond-assisted LASIK yielded more predictable corneal flaps, lesser ocular aberrations, better uncorrected visual acuity, lesser variations in intraocular pressure (IOP) and fewer chances of developing dry eyes...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325069/experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-an-adaptive-hiking-program
#18
Larissa James, Janet Shing, W Ben Mortenson, Johanne Mattie, Jaimie Borisoff
PURPOSE: Outdoor activities in natural settings have been found to be beneficial for overall health and well-being. However, people with disabilities may have different experiences accessing outdoor activities in natural settings. This research explored the experiences of users, volunteers, and staff, and perspectives of non-users about an adapted hiking program that uses a specialized mobility device called a TrailRider. The research had three objectives: 1. Describe the experiences of users, volunteers, and staff; 2...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288314/attributing-a-monetary-value-to-patients-time-a-contingent-valuation-approach
#19
Bernard van den Berg, Amiram Gafni, France Portrait
It is hard to ignore the importance of patient time investment in the production of health since the influential paper by Grossman (1972). Patients' time includes time to admission, travel time, waiting time, and treatment time and can be substantial. Patients' time is, however, often ignored in economic analyses. This may lead to biased results and inappropriate policy recommendations, which may eventually influence patients' health, wellbeing and welfare. How to value patient time is not straightforward. Although there is some emerging literature on the monetary valuation of patient time, an important challenge remains to develop an approach that can be used to monetarily value time of patients not participating in the labour market...
February 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286994/the-order-and-priority-of-research-and-design-method-application-within-an-assistive-technology-new-product-development-process-a-summative-content-analysis-of-20-case-studies
#20
George Edward Torrens
Summative content analysis was used to define methods and heuristics from each case study. The review process was in two parts: (1) A literature review to identify conventional research methods and (2) a summative content analysis of published case studies, based on the identified methods and heuristics to suggest an order and priority of where and when were used. Over 200 research and design methods and design heuristics were identified. From the review of the 20 case studies 42 were identified as being applied...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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