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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310744/new-public-management-in-iran-s-health-complex-a-management-framework-for-primary-health-care-system
#1
Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Elaheh HaghGoshayie, Leila Doshmangir, Mahmood Yousefi
BACKGROUND: New public management (NPM) was developed as a management reform to improve the efficiency and effectiveness in public organizations, especially in health sector. Using the features of private sector management, the managers of health organizations may try to implement the elements of NPM with the hope to improve the performance of their systems. Aims Our aim in the present study was to identify the elements and infrastructures suitable for implementing NPM in the Iranian health complex...
January 9, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240522/stakeholder-views-addressing-the-development-and-uptake-of-powered-wheelchair-assistive-technology
#2
Michael Gillham, Matthew Pepper, Steve Kelly, Gareth Howells
PURPOSE: The objective of this research is to identify stakeholder views with regard to the development of effective powered wheelchair assistive technologies more suited to the user and carer needs, whilst also meeting the requirements for other stakeholders, such that developers can be better guided towards producing solutions which have a better chance of getting to the market place and hence to the end user. METHOD: A questionnaire was designed to collect the views of all stakeholders and circulated to a statistically representative number of them...
December 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210462/vocational-rehabilitation-for-enhancing-return-to-work-in-workers-with-traumatic-upper-limb-injuries
#3
REVIEW
Wen-Hsuan Hou, Ching-Chi Chi, Heng-Lien Lo, Yun-Yun Chou, Ken N Kuo, Hung-Yi Chuang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic upper limb injury is a leading cause of work-related disability. After return-to-work (RTW), many survivors of injuries are able to regain a quality of life (QoL) comparable with the normal population. Since RTW plays an important role in economic productivity and regaining health-related QoL, enhancing RTW in workers with traumatic limb injuries is the primary goal of rehabilitation. Vocational rehabilitation has been commonly employed in the field of occupational safety and health to increase the number of injured people returning to the labour market, prevent illness, increase well-being, and reduce disability...
December 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204424/3-d-bioprinting-of-neural-tissue-for-applications-in-cell-therapy-and-drug-screening
#4
REVIEW
Michaela Thomas, Stephanie M Willerth
Neurodegenerative diseases affect millions of individuals in North America and cost the health-care industry billions of dollars for treatment. Current treatment options for degenerative diseases focus on physical rehabilitation or drug therapies, which temporarily mask the effects of cell damage, but quickly lose their efficacy. Cell therapies for the central nervous system remain an untapped market due to the complexity involved in growing neural tissues, controlling their differentiation, and protecting them from the hostile environment they meet upon implantation...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203460/treatment-of-low-back-pain-with-a-digital-multidisciplinary-pain-treatment-app-short-term-results
#5
Stephan Huber, Janosch A Priebe, Kaja-Maria Baumann, Anne Plidschun, Christine Schiessl, Thomas R Tölle
BACKGROUND: Even though modern concepts of disease management of unspecific low back pain (LBP) postulate active participation of patients, this strategy is difficult to adapt unless multidisciplinary pain therapy is applied. Recently, mobile health solutions have proven to be effective aides to foster self-management of many diseases. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to report on the retrospective short-term results of a digital multidisciplinary pain app for the treatment of LBP...
December 4, 2017: JMIR rehabilitation and assistive technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#6
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124116/toward-common-mechanisms-for-risk-factors-in-alzheimer-s-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Miguel Medina, Zaven S Khachaturian, Martin Rossor, Jesús Avila, Angel Cedazo-Minguez
The global strategic goal of reducing health care cost, especially the prospects for massive increases due to expanding markets for health care services demanded by aging populations and/or people with a wide range of chronic disorders-disabilities, is a complex and formidable challenge with many facets. Current projections predict marked increases in the demand for health driven by both the exponential climb in the prevalence of chronic disabilities and the increases in the absolute numbers of people in need of some form of health care...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110547/robotic-exoskeletons-for-reengaging-in-everyday-activities-promises-pitfalls-and-opportunities
#8
Heather Fritz, Diane Patzer, Sujay S Galen
PURPOSE: Media images and marketing materials suggest a future in which individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) can utilize robotic exoskeletons to reengage in everyday activities, yet these narratives may not align with the current technological realities. The purpose of this paper is to present and describe the current use of robotic exoskeletons in rehabilitation and home settings and discuss the benefits and limitations of the devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We provide an overview of the features and limitations of the four robotic exoskeleton products (EKSO Bionics, ReWalk, Rex Bionics, and Indego) that are currently being used in in the United States in rehabilitation settings...
November 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036864/employment-pathways-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in%C3%A2-switzerland-a-qualitative-study
#9
Albert Marti, Reuben Escorpizo, Urban Schwegler, Stefan Staubli, Bruno Trezzini
BACKGROUND: Labour market participation (LMP) represents a key goal of rehabilitation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). To achieve this goal, Swiss SCI rehabilitation centres seek, together with their clients, viable follow-up solutions for returning to work after initial rehabilitation. However, the long-term outcomes of such vocational follow-up solutions have not been investigated so far, and there is a paucity of knowledge regarding the various types of employment pathways that persons with SCI living in Switzerland may experience...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030328/studying-acute-coronary-syndrome-through-the-world-wide-web-experiences-and-lessons
#10
Angelo A Alonzo
This study details my viewpoint on the experiences, lessons, and assessments of conducting a national study on care-seeking behavior for heart attack in the United States utilizing the World Wide Web. The Yale Heart Study (YHS) was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Grounded on two prior studies, the YHS combined a Web-based interview survey instrument; ads placed on the Internet; flyers and posters in public libraries, senior centers, and rehabilitation centers; information on chat rooms; a viral marketing strategy; and print ads to attract potential participants to share their heart attack experiences...
October 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922952/transitions-that-matter-life-course-differences-in-the-employment-of-adults-with-arthritis
#11
Arif Jetha, Julie Bowring, Sean Tucker, Catherine E Connelly, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Laurie Proulx, Monique A M Gignac
PURPOSE: To understand the similarities and differences in the employment participation of people living with arthritis across the life course. METHOD: Focus groups and interviews were conducted with young (ages 18-34 years, n = 7), middle-aged (ages 35-54 years, n = 13) and older adults (>55 years, n = 25) with arthritis. Participants were asked about the impact of arthritis on employment, experiences with health-related changes, career progression and social role involvement...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899202/a-serial-mediation-model-of-workplace-social-support-on-work-productivity-the-role-of-self-stigma-and-job-tenure-self-efficacy-in-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#12
Patrizia Villotti, Marc Corbière, Carolyn S Dewa, Franco Fraccaroli, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Sara Zaniboni, Tania Lecomte
PURPOSE: Compared to groups with other disabilities, people with a severe mental illness face the greatest stigma and barriers to employment opportunities. This study contributes to the understanding of the relationship between workplace social support and work productivity in people with severe mental illness working in Social Enterprises by taking into account the mediating role of self-stigma and job tenure self-efficacy. METHOD: A total of 170 individuals with a severe mental disorder employed in a Social Enterprise filled out questionnaires assessing personal and work-related variables at Phase-1 (baseline) and Phase-2 (6-month follow-up)...
September 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882085/psychotherapeutic-and-vocational-interventions-among-young-adults-with-work-disability-due-to-mental-disorders-in-finland
#13
Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Matti Joensuu, Kirsi Ahola, Teija Kivekäs, Mika Kivimäki, Aki Koskinen, Marianna Virtanen
Backround: Little is known about treatment and rehabilitation received and planned among young adults with work disability due to a mental disorder. AIMS: To examine the implemented psychotherapeutic and vocational interventions and treatment plans among young adults with work disability due to a mental disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from medical records of young Finnish adults aged 18-34 with a long-term work disability history due to a mental disorder (N = 1163)...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841811/assessing-work-disability-for-social-security-benefits-international-models-for-the-direct-assessment-of-work-capacity
#14
Ben Baumberg Geiger, Kayleigh Garthwaite, Jon Warren, Clare Bambra
PURPOSE: It has been argued that social security disability assessments should directly assess claimants' work capacity, rather than relying on proxies such as on functioning. However, there is little academic discussion of how such assessments could be conducted. METHOD: The article presents an account of different models of direct disability assessments based on case studies of the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Norway, the United States of America, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, utilising over 150 documents and 40 expert interviews...
August 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830267/google-home-smart-speaker-as-environmental-control-unit
#15
Kenichiro Noda
Environmental Control Units (ECU) are devices or a system that allows a person to control appliances in their home or work environment. Such system can be utilized by clients with physical and/or functional disability to enhance their ability to control their environment, to promote independence and improve their quality of life. Over the last several years, there have been an emergence of several inexpensive, commercially-available, voice activated smart speakers into the market such as Google Home and Amazon Echo...
August 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830118/two-fatal-intoxications-involving-3-methoxyphencyclidine
#16
Christie Mitchell-Mata, Brittany Thomas, Brianna Peterson, Fiona Couper
3- and 4-methoxyphencyclidine (3-MeO-PCP, 4-MeO-PCP), structural analogs of phencyclidine (PCP), were among the first legal PCP alternatives to show up on the novel psychoactive substances (NPS) market in Europe in the 2000s. Their structural similarities to PCP and ketamine likely contribute to their demonstrated dissociative anesthetic effects. Limited information exists in the literature about toxic and lethal concentrations of these drugs in biological samples. This case report presents the first two death cases in Washington State in which 3-MeO-PCP was identified...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817979/labor-market-position-after-a-rejection-of-a-disability-pension-application-a-register-based-cohort-study
#17
Mikko Laaksonen, Raija Gould, Jyri Liukko
PURPOSE: To study labor market positions of rejected disability pension applicants and to examine which characteristics predict ending up in these positions after the rejection. METHODS: Nationwide Finnish register data was used to describe employment, unemployment and disability pension trajectories of rejected applicants (n = 5740) from four years before to four years after the rejection. Demographic, occupational and health-related determinants of labor market position after the rejection were examined among those employed and not employed at the time of the rejection...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774211/electronic-assistive-technology-use-in-australian-shared-supported-accommodation-rates-and-user-characteristics
#18
Rebecca Jamwal, Libby Callaway, Louise Farnworth, Di Winkler
Electronic assistive technologies (EATs) are fast becoming considered an essential component of everyday life. To date, there has been little research on the use of EAT by people living in shared supported accommodation (SSA), one of the major community-based housing options for people with disability (PwD) in Australia. This study aimed to (1) audit current EAT use by PwD living in SSA, (2) describe the impact of Internet access on EAT use, and (3) examine potential relationships between individual characteristics and EAT use...
August 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758673/return-to-work-predictors-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-welfare-state
#19
L Odgaard, A R Pedersen, I Poulsen, S P Johnsen, J F Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of return to work (RTW) and stable labour market attachment (LMA) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Denmark. MATERIALS & METHODS: Patients aged 18-64 years, admitted to highly specialized neurorehabilitation after severe TBI 2004-2012 were included and followed up for ≤6 years. Weekly LMA data were retrieved from a national register of public assistance benefits. Weeks without or with supplemental public assistance benefits were defined as LMA weeks...
July 31, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738201/interbasin-water-transfer-for-the-rehabilitation-of-a-transboundary-mediterranean-stream-an-economic-analysis
#20
Ariel Akron, Andrea Ghermandi, Tamar Dayan, Yaron Hershkovitz
Global demand for freshwater is increasing as human population grows, climate changes and water resources are being overexploited. Consequently, many freshwater ecosystems, particularly in water-stressed regions, are severely degraded. Here we present a unique case of an Interbasin Water Transfer (IWT) project aiming at ecosystem rehabilitation and recreation enhancement of an intermittent transboundary stream (Ayun, Israel). For the past century, water diversion at the Lebanese side had led to flow secession in the Israeli Ayun Nature Reserve during the dry season (May-November)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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