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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288314/attributing-a-monetary-value-to-patients-time-a-contingent-valuation-approach
#1
Bernard van den Berg, Amiram Gafni, France Portrait
It is hard to ignore the importance of patient time investment in the production of health since the influential paper by Grossman (1972). Patients' time includes time to admission, travel time, waiting time, and treatment time and can be substantial. Patients' time is, however, often ignored in economic analyses. This may lead to biased results and inappropriate policy recommendations, which may eventually influence patients' health, wellbeing and welfare. How to value patient time is not straightforward. Although there is some emerging literature on the monetary valuation of patient time, an important challenge remains to develop an approach that can be used to monetarily value time of patients not participating in the labour market...
February 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286994/the-order-and-priority-of-research-and-design-method-application-within-an-assistive-technology-new-product-development-process-a-summative-content-analysis-of-20-case-studies
#2
George Edward Torrens
Summative content analysis was used to define methods and heuristics from each case study. The review process was in two parts: (1) A literature review to identify conventional research methods and (2) a summative content analysis of published case studies, based on the identified methods and heuristics to suggest an order and priority of where and when were used. Over 200 research and design methods and design heuristics were identified. From the review of the 20 case studies 42 were identified as being applied...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286873/to-take-their-place-among-the-productive-members-of-society-vocational-rehabilitation-of-wwi-wounded-at-erskine
#3
Jennifer Novotny
In 1916, the foundation of the Princess Louise Scottish Hospital for Limbless Sailors and Soldiers (still in existence today as Erskine), on the banks of the River Clyde in Scotland, was a direct response to the need for specialised medical facilities to deal with the unprecedented number of injured service personnel returning from the Great War. At the hospital, the West of Scotland medical and industrial communities came together to mend broken bodies with prosthetic technology, as well as physical and mental rehabilitation to prepare the limbless to re-enter the job market...
January 17, 2017: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217564/arthroscopic-treatment-of-shoulder-instability-in-professional-athletes
#4
Andrea Pantalone, Daniele Vanni, Matteo Guelfi, Michele Di Mauro, Michele Abate, Vincenzo Salini
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic shoulder instability is a common disease, especially in sportsmen. If inadequately or late treated, it may be responsible for an articular biomechanics alteration, with serious problems. This is much more obvious for professionals athletes, because corporate and market needs force them to a premature return to sport. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate if arthroscopic approach may be better than the open one and allowing a shoulder function rapid recovery, with fast return to sport...
October 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187697/towards-employment-what-research-says-about-support-to-work-in-relation-to-psychiatric-and-intellectual-disabilities
#5
Veronica Lövgren, Urban Markström, Lennart Sauer
This article presents an overview of research about support-to-work in relation to psychiatric and intellectual disabilities. The overview shows that support-to-work services are multifaceted, and that work can be seen as a tool for individual rehabilitation or as a set of goals to achieve. Providers are presented with specific components, which are characterized by systematic, targeted, and individualized interventions. The overview illustrates a need for long-term engagement and cooperation of and between welfare services and agents within the labor market to dissolve the Gordian knot that the transition from welfare interventions to employment seems to be...
January 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120076/reability-complex-external-prosthesis-systems-to-rehabilitate-movement
#6
Bice Previtera, Carlo Jovine, Massimiliano Visocchi
The ReAbility Project is a solution that provides an alternative to wheelchair mobility for people with serious disabilities of the lower limbs, such as paraplegics, allowing them to stand and walk once again. This solution is achieved by utilizing an instrument called an "exoskeleton".The ReAbility device is a robotic-assisted system designed to improve the quality of life of people with a movement disability and/or reduced movement; it is meant both for daily domestic use and for rehabilitation therapy in hospitals and rehabilitation centers...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114266/clinical-performance-of-narrow-diameter-titanium-zirconium-implants-a-systematic-review
#7
Zahi Badran, Xavier Struillou, Nicolas Strube, David Bourdin, Michel Dard, Assem Soueidan, Alain Hoornaert
PURPOSE: Implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitations are in constant augmentation in everyday dental practice. This is largely due to increasing demand from patients for fixed or implant-stabilized prosthesis, although they are frequently reticent to complex preimplant bone augmentation surgeries, whenever bone volume is lacking. Narrow-diameter implants (NDI; ≤3.5 mm) have been developed to offer relatively simple implant solutions in challenging bone-deficient sites. However, concerns regarding their mechanical properties have been raised...
April 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094587/applying-theories-to-better-understand-socio-political-challenges-in-implementing-evidence-based-work-disability-prevention-strategies
#8
Christian Ståhl, Katia Costa-Black, Patrick Loisel
PURPOSE: This article explores and applies theories for analyzing socio-political aspects of implementation of work disability prevention (WDP) strategies. METHOD: For the analysis, theories from political science are explained and discussed in relation to case examples from three jurisdictions (Sweden, Brazil and Québec). RESULTS: Implementation of WDP strategies may be studied through a conceptual framework that targets: (1) the institutional system in which policy-makers and other stakeholders reside; (2) the ambiguity and conflicts regarding what to do and how to do it; (3) the bounded rationality, path dependency and social systems of different stakeholders; and (4) coalitions formed by different stakeholders and power relations between them...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068165/physiological-and-perceived-effects-of-forearm-or-head-cooling-during-simulated-firefighting-activity-and-rehabilitation
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Susan Yeargin, Amy L McKenzie, Lindsey E Eberman, J Derek Kingsley, David J Dziedzicki, Patrick Yoder
CONTEXT:  Cooling devices aim to protect firefighters by attenuating a rise in body temperature. Devices for head cooling (HC) while firefighting and forearm cooling (FC) during rehabilitation (RHB) intervals are commonly marketed, but research regarding their efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the physiological and perceived effects of HC and FC during firefighting drills and RHB. DESIGN:  Randomized controlled clinical trial...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042725/stepwise-illustration-of-teeth-fixation-semi-constrained-cervical-disc-arthroplasty
#10
Chih-Chang Chang, Jau-Ching Wu, Peng-Yuan Chang, Mei-Yin Yeh, Yi-Hsuan Kuo, Li-Yu Fay, Tsung-Hsi Tu, Wen-Cheng Huang, Henrich Cheng
There are many kinds of artificial discs available for cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA), with various designs of fixation and articulation mechanisms. Each of these designs has different features and theoretically fits most optimally in selected types of patients. However, there has been insufficient literature to guide individualized selection among these CDA devices. Since CDA aims to restore the joint function rather than arthrodesis, tailor-made size, shape, and mechanical properties should be taken into account for each candidate's target disc...
January 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927031/challenges-for-females-with-high-functioning-autism-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review
#11
Susan M Hayward, Keith R McVilly, Mark A Stokes
PURPOSE: Individuals with High Functioning Autism (HFA) experience high levels of underemployment and unemployment, resulting in negative economic, social, and health outcomes. Given what is known about labor market participation difficulties experienced by women generally, and the paucity of research concerning women with HFA, this systematic review synthesized what is known about the labor market experiences of women with HFA. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature concerning adult females with HFA in relation to the workplace yielded 1947 results; 11 met inclusion criteria being based on original data, but not necessarily focusing solely on women...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883349/-the-education-influence-on-effects-of-rehabilitation-in-patients-after-stroke
#12
Sabina Dudka, Piotr Winczewski, Katarzyna Janczewska, Anna Kubsik, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
Patients after stroke face a new situation where some educational and pedagogical actions should be reinitiated. Stroke often causes a break away from the previous lifestyle. It the acute phase it excludes the possibility of employment or performance of household duties that were carried out before or indulging in previously preferred ways of spending free time. Patients often abandon the habits that they developed before stroke, inclusive of hygienic habits. Therefore, it is an important objective of rehabilitation to reinstate in stroke patients behaviours characteristic of their peers, which would mark the beginning of their own care for health...
November 25, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872673/the-relationship-between-neurocognitive-functioning-and-occupational-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Walace Duarte, Rodrigo Becerra, Kate Cruise
Neurocognitive impairment in Bipolar Disorder (BD) has been widely reported, even during remission. Neurocognitive impairment has been identified as a contributing factor towards unfavourable psychosocial functioning within this population. The objective of this review was to investigate the association between neurocognitive impairment and occupational functioning in BD. A literature review of English-language journal articles from January 1990 to November 2013 was undertaken utilising the PsychINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge databases...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814322/the-experiences-of-occupational-therapists-regarding-the-use-of-the-model-of-occupational-self-efficacy
#14
Mogammad Shaheed Soeker
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the views of occupational therapists about the vocational rehabilitation models of practice related to individuals with brain injury are limited. The views of occupational therapists regarding the use of vocational rehabilitation are important in the development of successful vocational rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore and describe the experiences of occupational therapists regarding the use of the model of occupational self-efficacy...
November 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804309/work-disabilities-and-unmet-needs-for-health-care-and-rehabilitation-among-jobseekers-a-community-level-investigation-using-multidimensional-work-ability-assessments
#15
Raija Kerätär, Anja Taanila, Jari Jokelainen, Jouko Soukainen, Leena Ala-Mursula
OBJECTIVE: Comprehensive understanding of the prevalence and quality of work disabilities and unmet needs for health care and rehabilitation to support return to work (RTW) among jobseekers. DESIGN: Community-level, cross-sectional analysis with multidimensional clinical work ability assessments. SETTING: Paltamo, Finland. PARTICIPANTS: Unemployed citizens either participating in the Full-Employment Project or long-term unemployed (n = 230, 81%)...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771170/integrating-social-media-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-surgery-an-analysis-of-patient-surgeon-and-hospital-use
#16
Prem N Ramkumar, Ton La, Evan Fisch, Peter D Fabricant, Alexander E White, Kristofer J Jones, Samuel A Taylor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this observational study of social media in sports medicine was to investigate and analyze the presence and shared content of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) patients, sports surgeons, and top orthopaedic hospitals on popular social media streams. METHODS: A search of 2 public domains (Instagram and Twitter) was performed over a 6-month period. ACL surgery ("#aclsurgery") was selected for the Instagram-based patient analysis after exclusion of veterinary ACL operations...
March 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756177/perspectives-of-unemployed-workers-with-mental-health-problems-barriers-to-and-solutions-for-return-to-work
#17
Selwin S Audhoe, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Jan L Hoving, Judith K Sluiter, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the barriers to and solutions for return to work (RTW) from the perspective of unemployed workers who were sick-listed due to mental health problems. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 25 sick-listed unemployed workers with mental health problems. Qualitative data analysis was performed, using a process of identifying, coding, and categorising the patterns in data. RESULTS: All workers experienced multiple problems in different domains of life related to their disease, personal circumstances (e...
October 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728935/-does-return-to-work-after-vocational-retraining-depend-on-labour-market
#18
C Hetzel, M Streibelt
Background: Studies about the impact of the labour market on return to work (RTW) after vocational retraining are contradictory. We examined if (1) RTW after vocational retraining depends on regional labour markets and if (2) the regional labour markets variance affects the influence of personal characteristics on RTW. Methods: The data consisted of the scientific use file (completed rehabilitation in the course of health insurance 2002-2009) of the German Federal Pension Insurance (51 626 persons of 7 year cohorts) and regional economic data (412 districts)...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677009/functional-evolution-of-children-cerebral-infirm-motors-imc-walking-outside-the-surgery-multi-sites-about-47-cases
#19
Mourad Aderkichi, Fatma Malek
OBJECTIVE: Orthopedic disorders of IMC walking children associated with other disorders of posture and movement get progressively worse with growth causing major deformations that can impede walking from the age of 2 years. The treatments implemented by physiotherapy, botulinum toxin and multi-site surgery significantly improve the functional prognosis of these children. The goal is to evaluate the fate of children who have not benefited from multi-site surgeries that have benefited from physiotherapy, stretching casts botulinum toxin and tenotomy on one or two sites...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665671/an-exploratory-study-of-barriers-to-inclusion-in-the-european-workplace
#20
Louise Moody, Janet Saunders, Marjan Leber, Marzena Wójcik-Augustyniak, Marek Szajczyk, Nataša Rebernik
BACKGROUND: The European Disability Strategy (2010-2020) seeks to significantly raise the proportion of people with disabilities working in the open labour market. The ERGO WORK project is a collaboration of academic and industrial partners in six European countries, focused on understanding and tackling barriers to workplace inclusion for workers with disabilities. METHODS: This study sought to explore the perceptions and needs of stakeholders in terms of workplace adaptation to the needs of employees with disabilities...
September 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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