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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933004/policy-implications-of-achievement-testing-using-multilevel-models-the-case-of-brazilian-elementary-schools
#1
Igor G Menezes, Victor R Duran, Euclides J Mendonça Filho, Tainã J Veloso, Stella M S Sarmento, Christine L Paget, Kai Ruggeri
Large-scale educational assessment has been established as source of descriptive, evaluative and interpretative information that influence educational policies worldwide throughout the last third of the twentieth century. In the 1990s the Brazilian Ministry of Education developed the National Basic Education Assessment System (SAEB) that regularly measures management, resource and contextual school features and academic achievement in public and private institutions. In 2005, after significant piloting and review of the SAEB, a new sampling strategy was taken and Prova Brasil became the new instrument used by the Ministry to assess skills in Portuguese (reading comprehension) and Mathematics (problem solving), as well as collecting contextual information concerning the school, principal, teacher, and the students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932908/lifewatch-greece-data-services-discovering-biodiversity-data-using-semantic-web-technologies
#2
Nikos Minadakis, Yannis Marketakis, Martin Doerr, Chryssoula Bekiari, Panagiotis Papadakos, Alexandros Gougousis, Nicolas Bailly, Christos Arvanitidis
BACKGROUND: Biodiversity data is characterized by its cross-disciplinary character, the extremely broad range of data types and structures, and the variety of semantic concepts that it encompasses. Furthermore there is a plethora of different data sources providing resources for the same piece of information in a heterogeneous way. Even if we restrict our attention to Greek biodiversity domain, it is easy to see that biodiversity data remains unconnected and widely distributed among different sources...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931764/accuracy-of-remote-burn-scar-evaluation-via-live-video-conferencing-technology
#3
Lawrence Z Cai, Maria Caceres, Mohan Krishna Dangol, Shankar Man Rai, James Chang, Nicole S Gibran, Tam N Pham
OBJECTIVE: Telemedicine in outpatient burn care, particularly in burn scar management, may provide cost-effective care and comes highly rated by patients. However, an effective scar scale using both video and photographic elements has not been validated. The purpose of this study is to test the reliability of the Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) using live video-conferencing. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with individuals with healed burn scars in Kathmandu, Nepal...
December 5, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931678/diagnosing-tuberculosis-in-the-21st-century-dawn-of-a-genomics-revolution
#4
REVIEW
Christopher Jeanes, Justin O'Grady
Tuberculosis (TB) ranks alongside HIV as the leading cause of death worldwide, killing 1.5million people in 2014. Traditional laboratory techniques do not provide sufficiently rapid results to inform clinicians on appropriate treatment, especially in the face of increasingly prevalent drug-resistant TB. Rapid molecular methods such as PCR and LAMP are vital tools in the fight against TB, however, rapid advances in next generation sequencing (NGS) technology are allowing increasingly rapid and accurate sequencing of entire bacterial genomes at ever decreasing cost, providing unprecedented depth of information...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929155/electrolytes-at-interfaces-accessing-the-first-nanometers-using-x-ray-standing-waves
#5
Soumaya Ben Jabrallah, Florent Malloggi, Luc Belloni, Luc Girard, Dmitri Novikov, Cristian Mocuta, Dominique Thiaudière, Jean Daillant
Ion-surface interactions are of high practical importance in a wide range of technological, environmental and biological problems. In particular, they ultimately control the electric double layer structure, hence the interaction between particles in aqueous solutions. Despite numerous achievements, progress in their understanding is still limited by the lack of experimental determination of the surface composition with appropriate resolution. Tackling this challenge, we have developed a method based on X-ray standing waves coupled to nano-confinement which allows the determination of ion concentrations at a solid-solution interface with a sub-nm resolution...
December 8, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928970/effect-of-transfection-and-co-incubation-of-bovine-sperm-with-exogenous-dna-on-sperm-quality-and-functional-parameters-for-its-use-in-sperm-mediated-gene-transfer
#6
María Elena Arias, Esther Sánchez-Villalba, Andrea Delgado, Ricardo Felmer
Sperm-mediated gene transfer (SMGT) is based on the capacity of sperm to bind exogenous DNA and transfer it into the oocyte during fertilization. In bovines, the progress of this technology has been slow due to the poor reproducibility and efficiency of the production of transgenic embryos. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of different sperm transfection systems on the quality and functional parameters of sperm. Additionally, the ability of sperm to bind and incorporate exogenous DNA was assessed...
December 8, 2016: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928186/implementation-of-a-pharmacist-directed-antimicrobial-stewardship-protocol-utilizing-rapid-diagnostic-testing
#7
Angel Heyerly, Ron Jones, Gordon Bokhart, Mary Shoaff, Douglas Fisher
Background: Rapid identification of gram-positive bacteria and resistance determinants from blood cultures can reduce the time to optimal antibiotic therapy. Objective: This study evaluates the use of technology to rapidly identify gram-positive bacteria in combination with a pharmacist-directed antimicrobial stewardship protocol in a tertiary-care facility. Methods: Rapid diagnostic testing was performed on gram-positive blood cultures. Pharmacists were instructed to notify prescribers of results and recommend appropriate antimicrobial therapy based on targeted treatment chart...
November 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925080/technological-innovation-for-peripheral-venipuncture-ultrasound-training
#8
Andrey Maciel de Oliveira, Mitzy Tannia Reichembach Danski, Edivane Pedrolo
Objective: to evaluate the training of nurses in the use of ultrasound in peripheral venipuncture. Method: descriptive research of quantitative approach performed with nurses as part of an analytical cross-sectional study in two patient care centers: an intensive care unit and an adult emergency center. Results: the results showed contributions of training for professional skill and visibility of nurses, requiring, however, more time for complete assimilation of this technological innovation as a safer clinical practice...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924603/differential-expression-and-functional-analysis-of-high-throughput-omics-data-using-open-source-tools
#9
Moritz Kebschull, Melanie Julia Fittler, Ryan T Demmer, Panos N Papapanou
Today, -omics analyses, including the systematic cataloging of messenger RNA and microRNA sequences or DNA methylation patterns in a cell population, organ, or tissue sample, allow for an unbiased, comprehensive genome-level analysis of complex diseases, offering a large advantage over earlier "candidate" gene or pathway analyses. A primary goal in the analysis of these high-throughput assays is the detection of those features among several thousand that differ between different groups of samples. In the context of oral biology, our group has successfully utilized -omics technology to identify key molecules and pathways in different diagnostic entities of periodontal disease...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922990/robotically-assisted-thoracic-surgery-proposed-guidelines-for-privileging-and-credentialing
#10
Faiz Y Bhora, Adnan M Al-Ayoubi, Sadiq S Rehmani, Craig M Forleiter, Wissam N Raad, Scott G Belsley
OBJECTIVE: Increased use of robotically assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) necessitates effective credentialing guidelines to ensure safe outcomes. We provide a stepwise algorithm for granting privileges and credentials in RATS. This algorithm reflects graduated responsibility and complexity of the surgical procedures performed. Furthermore, it takes into account volume, outcomes, surgeon's competency, and appropriateness of robot usage. METHODS: We performed a literature review for available strategies to grant privileges and credentials for implementing robotic surgery...
December 5, 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922657/social-aware-event-handling-within-the-fallrisk-project
#11
Femke De Backere, Jan Van den Bergh, Sven Coppers, Shirley Elprama, Jelle Nelis, Stijn Verstichel, An Jacobs, Karin Coninx, Femke Ongenae, Filip De Turck
OBJECTIVES: With the uprise of the Internet of Things, wearables and smartphones are moving to the foreground. Ambient Assisted Living solutions are, for example, created to facilitate ageing in place. One example of such systems are fall detection systems. Currently, there exists a wide variety of fall detection systems using different methodologies and technologies. However, these systems often do not take into account the fall handling process, which starts after a fall is identified or this process only consists of sending a notification...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919760/proton-therapy-present-and-future
#12
REVIEW
Radhe Mohan, David Grosshans
In principle, proton therapy offers a substantial clinical advantage over the conventional photon therapy. This is because of the unique depth-dose characteristics of protons, which can be exploited to achieve significant reductions in normal tissue doses proximal and distal to the target volume. These may, in turn, allow escalation of tumor doses, greater sparing of normal tissues, thus potentially improving local control and survival while at the same time reducing toxicity and improving quality of life. Protons, accelerated to therapeutic energies ranging from 70 to 250MeV, typically with a cyclotron or a synchrotron, are transported to the treatment room where they enter the treatment head mounted on a rotating gantry...
December 2, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919392/knowledge-management-systems-success-in-healthcare-leadership-matters
#13
Nor'ashikin Ali, Alexei Tretiakov, Dick Whiddett, Inga Hunter
PURPOSE: To deliver high-quality healthcare doctors need to access, interpret, and share appropriate and localised medical knowledge. Information technology is widely used to facilitate the management of this knowledge in healthcare organisations. The purpose of this study is to develop a knowledge management systems success model for healthcare organisations. METHOD: A model was formulated by extending an existing generic knowledge management systems success model by including organisational and system factors relevant to healthcare...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919389/older-patients-use-of-technology-for-a-post-discharge-nutritional-intervention-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#14
T Lindhardt, M H Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is frequent in older people and a precursor for morbidity and hospitalisation; furthermore low intake and weight loss during and after hospitalisation is well-described. Such patients are often excluded from technology projects on account of lack of skills. This is a barrier for their access to many current and future health care offers. OBJECTIVES: To test the acceptability, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of technology-supported energy- and protein-enforced homedelivered meals for older patients discharged from hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919375/software-intelligent-system-for-effective-solutions-for-hearing-impaired-subjects
#15
Rajkumar S, Muttan S, Sapthagirivasan V, Jaya V, Vignesh S S
PURPOSE: The anatomy and physiology of the ear is complex in nature, which makes it a challenge for audiologists to prescribe solutions for varied hearing-impaired subjects. There is a need to increase the satisfaction level of hearing-aid users by adopting better strategies that involve modern technological advancements. AIM: To design and develop a decision support Software Intelligent System (SIS) that performs audiological investigations to assess the degree of hearing loss and to suggest appropriate hearing-aid gain values...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918664/modern-techniques-and-technologies-applied-to-training-and-performance-monitoring
#16
William A Sands, Ashley A Kavanaugh, Steven R Murray, Jeni R McNeal, Monèm Jemni
Athlete preparation and performance continues to increase in complexity and costs. Modern coaches are shifting from reliance on personal memory, experience, and opinion to evidence from collected training load data. Training load monitoring may hold vital information for developing systems of monitoring that follow the training process with such precision that both performance prediction and day-to-day management of training become an adjunct to preparation and performance. Time series data collection and analyses in sport are still in their infancy with considerable efforts being applied in "big-data" analytics and models of the appropriate variables to monitor and methods for doing so...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917031/a-new-perspective-on-sustainable-soil-remediation-case-study-suggests-novel-fungal-genera-could-facilitate-in-situ-biodegradation-of-hazardous-contaminants
#17
L M Czaplicki, E Cooper, P L Ferguson, H M Stapleton, R Vilgalys, C K Gunsch
Deciding upon a cost effective and sustainable method to address soil pollution is a challenge for many remedial project managers. High pressure to quickly achieve cleanup goals pushes for energy-intensive remedies that rapidly address the contaminants of concern with established technologies, often leaving little room for research and development especially for slower treatment technologies, such as bioremediation, for the more heavily polluted sites. In the present case study, new genomic approaches have been leveraged to assess fungal biostimulation potential in soils polluted with particularly persistent hydrophobic contaminants...
2016: Remediation (N Y)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916359/long-term-follow-up-of-fournier-s-gangrene-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#18
David R Rosen, Mitchell E Brown, Kyle G Cologne, Glenn T Ault, Aaron M Strumwasser
BACKGROUND: After surgical debridement, the use of fecal diversion systems (such as an endo-rectal tube or surgical colostomy) in Fournier's Gangrene (FG) to assist with wound healing remains controversial. METHODS: A 6-y retrospective review of a tertiary medical center emergency surgery database was conducted. Variables abstracted from the database include patient demographics, laboratory and physiological profiles, hospital length-of-stay, intensive care unit length-of-stay, operative data, time to healing, morbidity, and mortality...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915479/trends-in-next-generation-sequencing-and-a-new-era-for-whole-genome-sequencing
#19
REVIEW
Sang Tae Park, Jayoung Kim
This article is a mini-review that provides a general overview for next-generation sequencing (NGS) and introduces one of the most popular NGS applications, whole genome sequencing (WGS), developed from the expansion of human genomics. NGS technology has brought massively high throughput sequencing data to bear on research questions, enabling a new era of genomic research. Development of bioinformatic software for NGS has provided more opportunities for researchers to use various applications in genomic fields...
November 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914589/-big-data-and-their-perspectives-in-radiation-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Sébastien Guihard, Juliette Thariat, Jean-Baptiste Clavier
The concept of big data indicates a change of scale in the use of data and data aggregation into large databases through improved computer technology. One of the current challenges in the creation of big data in the context of radiation therapy is the transformation of routine care items into dark data, i.e. data not yet collected, and the fusion of databases collecting different types of information (dose-volume histograms and toxicity data for example). Processes and infrastructures devoted to big data collection should not impact negatively on the doctor-patient relationship, the general process of care or the quality of the data collected...
November 30, 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
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