keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Appropriate technology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341498/review-article-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department-part-2-investigations-and-monitoring
#1
REVIEW
Amith Shetty, Stephen Pj Macdonald, Gerben Keijzers, Julian M Williams, Benjamin Tang, Bas de Groot, Kelly Thompson, John F Fraser, Simon Finfer, Rinaldo Bellomo, Jonathan Iredell
Sepsis is characterised by organ dysfunction resulting from infection, with no reliable single objective test and current diagnosis based on clinical features and results of investigations. In the ED, investigations may be conducted to diagnose infection as the cause of the presenting illness, identify the source, distinguish sepsis from uncomplicated infection (i.e. without organ dysfunction) and/ or risk stratification. Appropriate sample collection for microbiological testing remains key for subsequent confirmation of diagnosis and rationalisation of antimicrobials...
January 16, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341375/transparency-enhancing-technology-allows-three-dimensional-assessment-of-gastrointestinal-mucosa-a-porcine-model
#2
Hiroya Mizutani, Satoshi Ono, Tetsuo Ushiku, Yotaro Kudo, Masako Ikemura, Natsuko Kageyama, Nobutake Yamamichi, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Takao Someya, Masashi Fukayama, Kazuhiko Koike, Hiroshi Onodera
Although high-resolution three-dimensional imaging of endoscopically resected gastrointestinal specimens can help elucidating morphological features of gastrointestinal mucosa or tumor, there are no established methods to achieve this without breaking specimens apart. We evaluated the utility of transparency-enhancing technology for three-dimensional assessment of gastrointestinal mucosa in porcine models. Esophagus, stomach, and colon mucosa samples obtained from a sacrificed swine were formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded, and subsequently deparaffinized for analysis...
January 17, 2018: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341009/in-vivo-heteronuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#3
Blanca Lizarbe, Antoine Cherix, Rolf Gruetter
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy is a technique that has the capability of measuring metabolites in vivo and, in appropriate conditions, to infer its metabolic rates. The success of MRS depends a lot on its sensitivity, which limits the usage of X-nuclei MRS. However, technological developments and refinements in methods have made in vivo heteronuclear MRS possible in humans and in small animals. This chapter provides detailed descriptions of the main procedures needed to perform successful in vivo heteronuclear MRS experiments, with a particular focus on experimental setup in 13C MRS experiments in rodents...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340992/prospective-comparative-study-of-laparoscopic-narrow-band-imaging-nbi-versus-standard-imaging-in-gynecologic-oncology
#4
Alessia Aloisi, Yukio Sonoda, Ginger J Gardner, Kay J Park, Sarah L Elliott, Qin C Zhou, Alexia Iasonos, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum
BACKGROUND: Narrow band imaging (NBI) is an optic filtration enhancement for endoscopy that uses two wavelengths of light (415 and 540 nm) to highlight superficial microvascular patterns. It has been successfully utilized to improve identification of lesions with abnormal vasculature, which is associated with endometriosis and endometrial cancer. Case studies suggest it may also facilitate surgical staging of gynecologic cancer, which is critical in determining appropriate adjuvant therapies...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339624/the-combined-effects-of-carbon-nitrogen-ratio-suspended-biomass-hydraulic-retention-time-and-dissolved-oxygen-on-nutrient-removal-in-a-laboratory-scale-anaerobic-anoxic-oxic-activated-sludge-biofilm-reactor
#5
D S Manu, Arun Kumar Thalla
The current trend in sustainable development deals mainly with environmental management. There is a need for economically affordable, advanced treatment methods for the proper treatment and management of domestic wastewater containing excess nutrients (such as nitrogen and phosphorus) which can cause eutrophication. The reduction of the excess nutrient content of wastewater by appropriate technology is of much concern to the environmentalist. In the current study, a novel integrated anaerobic-anoxic-oxic activated sludge biofilm (A2O-AS-biofilm) reactor was designed and operated to improve the biological nutrient removal by varying reactor operating conditions such as carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio, suspended biomass, hydraulic retention time (HRT) and dissolved oxygen (DO)...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339601/ammonium-removal-in-landfill-leachate-using-sbr-technology-dispersed-versus-attached-biomass
#6
A Sivic, N Atanasova, S Puig, T Griessler Bulc
Large concentrations and oscillations of ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N) in municipal landfill leachate pose considerable constraints to its further treatment in central wastewater treatment plants. The aim of this study was to evaluate and optimize two technologies for the pre-treatment of 600 L/day of landfill leachate: in particular, to optimize their operational conditions for NH4+-N removal up to a level appropriate for discharge to sewers, i.e. <200 mg/L. Both technologies were based on a sequencing batch reactor (SBR), with two different biomass processes: (A) SBR with dispersed/flocculated biomass and (B) SBR with biomass attached to carriers...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339190/systemic-and-local-toxicity-of-metal-particles-released-from-hip-prostheses-a-review-of-experimental-approaches
#7
REVIEW
Divya Rani Bijukumar, Abhijith Segu, Júlio Cesar Matias de Souza, XueJun Li, Mark Barba, Louis Mercuri, Joshua Jacobs, Mathew Thoppil Mathew
Despite the technological improvements in orthopedic joint replacement implants, wear and corrosion products associated with the metal components of these implants may result in adverse local tissue and perhaps systemic reactions and toxicities. The current review encompasses a literature review of the local and systemic toxicity studies concerning the effect of CoCrMo wear particles released from wear and corrosion of orthopedic implants and prostheses. Release of metallic debris is mainly in the form of micro- and nano-particles, ions of different valences, and oxides composed of Co and Cr...
January 12, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337664/containment-studies-of-transgenic-mosquitoes-in-disease-endemic-countries-the-broad-concept-of-facilities-readiness
#8
M Megan Quinlan, Josephine Birungi, Mamadou B Coulibaly, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Luca Facchinelli, Wolfgang Richard Mukabana, James Mutuku Mutunga, Tony Nolan, Peter Raymond, Sékou F Traoré
Genetic strategies for large scale pest or vector control using modified insects are not yet operational in Africa, and currently rely on import of the modified strains to begin preliminary, contained studies. Early involvement of research teams from participating countries is crucial to evaluate candidate field interventions. Following the recommended phased approach for novel strategies, evaluation should begin with studies in containment facilities. Experiences to prepare facilities and build international teams for research on transgenic mosquitoes revealed some important organizing themes underlying the concept of "facilities readiness," or the point at which studies in containment may proceed, in sub-Saharan African settings...
January 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334962/developing-a-tablet-computer-based-application-app-to-measure-self-reported-alcohol-consumption-in-indigenous-australians
#9
K S Kylie Lee, Scott Wilson, Jimmy Perry, Robin Room, Sarah Callinan, Robert Assan, Noel Hayman, Tanya Chikritzhs, Dennis Gray, Edward Wilkes, Peter Jack GradDipIndigH, Katherine M Conigrave
BACKGROUND: The challenges of assessing alcohol consumption can be greater in Indigenous communities where there may be culturally distinct approaches to communication, sharing of drinking containers and episodic patterns of drinking. This paper discusses the processes used to develop a tablet computer-based application ('App') to collect a detailed assessment of drinking patterns in Indigenous Australians. The key features of the resulting App are described. METHODS: An iterative consultation process was used (instead of one-off focus groups), with Indigenous cultural experts and clinical experts...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334274/an-overview-of-robotic-mechanical-devices-for-post-stroke-thumb-rehabilitation
#10
Marian Suarez-Escobar, Elizabeth Rendon-Velez
PURPOSE: This article aims to clarify the current state-of-the-art of robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation as well as the anatomical characteristics and motions of the thumb that are crucial for the development of any device that aims to support its motion. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation. Specific electronic databases and well-defined search terms and inclusion/exclusion criteria were used for such purpose...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333553/microwave-assisted-synthesis-of-tempo-labeled-hydrogels-traceable-with-mri
#11
Emanuele Mauri, Edoardo Micotti, Arianna Rossetti, Lucio Melone, Simonetta Papa, Giulia Azzolini, Stefano Rimondo, Pietro Veglianese, Carlo Punta, Filippo Rossi, Alessandro Sacchetti
Polymer functionalization strategies have recently attracted considerable attention for several applications in biomaterials science. In particular, technological advancements in medical imaging have focused on the design of polymeric matrices to improve non-invasive approaches and diagnostic accuracy. In this scenario, the use of microwave irradiation of aqueous solutions containing appropriate combinations of polymers is gaining increasing interest in the synthesis of sterile hydrogels without using monomers, eliminating the need to remove unreacted species...
January 15, 2018: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331656/effect-of-a-wearable-patient-sensor-on-care-delivery-for-preventing-pressure-injuries-in-acutely-ill-adults-a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial-ls-hapi-study
#12
David Pickham, Nic Berte, Mike Pihulic, Andre Valdez, Barbara Mayer, Manisha Desai
IMPORTANCE: Though theoretically sound, studies have failed to demonstrate the benefit of routine repositioning of at-risk patients for the prevention of hospital acquired pressure injuries. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness of a wearable patient sensor to improve care delivery and patient outcomes by increasing the total time with turning compliance and preventing pressure injuries in acutely ill patients. DESIGN: Pragmatic, investigator initiated, open label, single site, randomized clinical trial...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331453/are-privacy-enhancing-technologies-for-genomic-data-ready-for-the-clinic-a-survey-of-medical-experts-of-the-swiss-hiv-cohort-study
#13
Jean-Louis Raisaro, Paul J McLaren, Jacques Fellay, Matthias Cavassini, Catherine Klersy, Jean-Pierre Hubaux
PURPOSE: Protecting patient privacy is a major obstacle for the implementation of genomic-based medicine. Emerging privacy-enhancing technologies can become key enablers for managing sensitive genetic data. We studied physicians' attitude toward this kind of technology in order to derive insights that might foster their future adoption for clinical care. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire-based survey among 55 physicians of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study who tested the first implementation of a privacy-preserving model for delivering genomic test results...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330182/fluorescence-recovery-allows-the-implementation-of-a-fluorescence-reporter-gene-platform-applicable-for-the-detection-and-quantification-of-horizontal-gene-transfer-in-anoxic-environments
#14
Rafael Pinilla, Leise Riber, Søren J Sørensen
The study of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in microbial communities has been revolutionized by significant advances in cultivation-independent methods based on fluorescence reporter gene technologies. Recently, the combination of these novel approaches with flow cytometry has presented itself as one of the most powerful tools to study the spread of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) in the environment. However, the use of fluorescent markers like green fluorescent protein (GFP) and mCherry is limited by environmental constraints that affect the correct maturation of their fluorophores, such as oxygen availability and pH levels...
January 12, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329961/-personalised-health-services-suggestions-for-their-effective-implementation
#15
Armin Töpfer, Georg Brabänder
A strategy of customisation, and its subsequent practical implementation as part of personalised treatment pathways, is an appropriate approach to increase benefits for patients and to strengthen the competitive position of the provider of health services. This requires restructuring and/or reorganising measures to enable variants within the treatment pathway as a value creation process to be adapted to each individual patient and his illness, living conditions and preferences. This 'mass customisation' approach allows us to achieve the objective of a constructive interconnection of customisation and standardisation of health services...
January 9, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328884/evaluation-of-g2-citric-acid-based-dendrimer-as-an-adjuvant-in-veterinary-rabies-vaccine
#16
Vahid Asgary, Alireza Shoari, Majid Afshar Moayad, Mehdi Shafiee Ardestani, Razieh Bigdeli, Leila Ghazizadeh, Mohammad Sadeq Khosravy, Erfan Panahnejad, Alireza Janani, Rouzbeh Bashar, Maliheh Abedi, Reza Ahangari Cohan
For induction of an appropriate immune response, especially in the case of an inactivated vaccine, the use of an adjuvant is crucial. In this study, adjuvanticity effect of G2 dendrimer in veterinary rabies vaccine has been investigated. A nonlinear globular G2 dendrimer comprising citric acid and polyethylene glycol 600 (PEG-600) was synthesized and the toxicity was studied in vitro on the J774A.1 cell line. The adjuvanticity effect of the dendrimer was then investigated on rabies virus in NMRI mice as a model...
January 2018: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328810/shelf-life-of-food-products-from-open-labeling-to-real-time-measurements
#17
Maria G Corradini
The labels currently used on food and beverage products only provide consumers with a rough guide to their expected shelf lives because they assume that a product only experiences a limited range of predefined handling and storage conditions. These static labels do not take into consideration conditions that might shorten a product's shelf life (such as temperature abuse), which can lead to problems associated with food safety and waste. Advances in shelf-life estimation have the potential to improve the safety, reliability, and sustainability of the food supply...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328171/sequential-fitting-and-separating-reflectance-components-for-analytical-bidirectional-reflectance-distribution-function-estimation
#18
Yu Lee, Chanki Yu, Sang Wook Lee
We present a sequential fitting-and-separating algorithm for surface reflectance components that separates individual dominant reflectance components and simultaneously estimates the corresponding bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) parameters from the separated reflectance values. We tackle the estimation of a Lafortune BRDF model, which combines a nonLambertian diffuse reflection and multiple specular reflectance components with a different specular lobe. Our proposed method infers the appropriate number of BRDF lobes and their parameters by separating and estimating each of the reflectance components using an interval analysis-based branch-and-bound method in conjunction with iterative K-ordered scale estimation...
January 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327894/cell-therapy-for-heart-disease-current-status-and-future-directions
#19
Arunpreet Kahlon, Gaurang Vaidya, Roberto Bolli
Treatment of ischemic heart disease has evolved considerably over time, seeing a technological impetus in recent times. Prompt diagnosis and progressively earlier reperfusion of the infarct artery have become the cornerstone of the early myocardial ischemia management. However, treatment of post-infarction sequelae resulting from ischemic damage sustained within the myocardium remains a considerable challenge. In this setting, stem cell therapy has emerged as an exciting regenerative modality with a promise to arrest or even reverse the pathological myocardial remodeling...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327547/-finite-element-analysis-on-the-effect-of-lateral-wedge-insole-intervention-on-the-contact-characteristics-of-the-subtalar-joint
#20
En-Chang Zhou, Ping Tang, Chuan-Ying Zhu, Shi-Ming Liu
OBJECTIVE: To establish a three-dimensional finite element model of the lower limb bones, and investigate the changes of the contact characteristics of the subtalar joint after using laterally wedge insole intervention. METHODS: Using the reverse modeling technology, the lower limb bones of normal adult volunteers was scanned by CT. Mimics 10.0 and Geomagic Studio 6.0 software were used to reconstruct the 3D morphology of bones and external soft tissue of the feet...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
keyword
keyword
34584
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"