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Antiinflammatory cytokines protecting against atherosclerosis

Lai Yen Fong, Chin Theng Ng, Zainul Amiruddin Zakaria, Mohamad Taufik Hidayat Baharuldin, Abdul Kadir Arifah, Muhammad Nazrul Hakim, Ahmad Zuraini
The increase in endothelial permeability often promotes edema formation in various pathological conditions. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), a pro-atherogenic cytokine, impairs endothelial barrier function and causes endothelial dysfunction in early stage of atherosclerosis. Asiaticoside, one of the triterpenoids derived from Centella asiatica, is known to possess antiinflammatory activity. In order to examine the role of asiaticoside in preserving the endothelial barrier, we assessed its effects on endothelial hyperpermeability and disruption of actin filaments evoked by TNF-α in human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC)...
October 2015: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Jung Eun Kim, Jose O Leite, Ryan DeOgburn, Joan A Smyth, Richard M Clark, Maria Luz Fernandez
Lutein has been shown to be protective against age-related macular degeneration; however, the antiinflammatory and antioxidant effects of this carotenoid in aortas are less known. Guinea pigs were fed a hypercholesterolemic diet (0.25 g cholesterol/100 g) and randomly allocated to a control group (n = 9) or a lutein group (n = 10) (0.01 g/100 g lutein) [corrected] and fed the experimental diets for 12 wk. Plasma LDL cholesterol and TG did not differ between groups; however, the lutein group had lower concentrations of medium size LDL (P < 0...
August 2011: Journal of Nutrition
Claus Brandt, Bente K Pedersen
Chronic inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, neurodegeneration, and tumour growth. Regular exercise offers protection against type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, colon cancer, breast cancer, and dementia. Evidence suggests that the protective effect of exercise may to some extent be ascribed to the antiinflammatory effect of regular exercise. Here we suggest that exercise may exert its anti-inflammatory effect via a reduction in visceral fat mass and/or by induction of an anti-inflammatory environment with each bout of exercise...
2010: Journal of Biomedicine & Biotechnology
Jianzhong Shen, Unni M Chandrasekharan, Mohammad Z Ashraf, Eric Long, Richard E Morton, Yusen Liu, Jonathan D Smith, Paul E DiCorleto
RATIONALE: Multiple protein kinases have been implicated in cardiovascular disease; however, little is known about the role of their counterparts: the protein phosphatases. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase (MKP)-1 is actively involved in atherogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice with homozygous deficiency in MKP-1 (MKP-1(-/-)) were bred with apolipoprotein (Apo)E-deficient mice (ApoE(-/-)) and the 3 MKP-1 genotypes (MKP-1(+/+)/ApoE(-/-) ; MKP-1(+/-)/ApoE(-/-) and MKP-1(-/-)/ApoE(-/-)) were maintained on a normal chow diet for 16 weeks...
March 19, 2010: Circulation Research
Victoria L King, Alexander Y Lin, Fjoralba Kristo, Thomas J T Anderson, Neil Ahluwalia, Gregory J Hardy, A Phillip Owens, Deborah A Howatt, Dongxiao Shen, Andrew M Tager, Andrew D Luster, Alan Daugherty, Robert E Gerszten
BACKGROUND: Vascular disease can manifest as stenotic plaques or ectatic aneurysms, although the mechanisms culminating in these divergent disease manifestations remain poorly understood. T-helper type 1 cytokines, including interferon-gamma and CXCL10, have been strongly implicated in atherosclerotic plaque development. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we specifically examined their role in the formation of abdominal aortic aneurysms in the angiotensin II-induced murine model...
January 27, 2009: Circulation
Katey Rayner, Yong-Xiang Chen, Melissa McNulty, Trevor Simard, Xioaling Zhao, Dominic J Wells, Jacqueline de Belleroche, Edward R O'Brien
We recently identified heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) as an estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta)-associated protein and noted its role as a biomarker for atherosclerosis. The current study tests the hypothesis that HSP27 is protective against the development of atherosclerosis. HSP27 overexpressing (HSP27o/e) mice were crossed to apoE-/- mice that develop atherosclerosis when fed a high-fat diet. Aortic en face analysis demonstrated a 35% reduction (P < or =0.001) in atherosclerotic lesion area in apoE-/-HSP27o/e mice compared to apoE-/- mice, but primarily in females...
July 18, 2008: Circulation Research
Kamilah Ali, Melissa Middleton, Ellen Puré, Daniel J Rader
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is synthesized in the liver and in macrophages, and it has antiatherogenic properties that are mediated, at least in part, through the regulation of plasma cholesterol homeostasis. Previous data suggest that apoE also has antiinflammatory properties that may contribute to protection against atherosclerosis independent of its role in lipid metabolism. In this study, apoE knockout and C57BL/6 mice were stimulated with low-dose lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and other Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists...
October 28, 2005: Circulation Research
Virginie Gaillard, Daniel Casellas, Carole Seguin-Devaux, Hervé Schohn, Michel Dauça, Jeffrey Atkinson, Isabelle Lartaud
Specific treatment of age-related aortic wall arteriosclerosis and stiffening is lacking. Because ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma have beneficial effects on the arterial wall in atherosclerosis, via an antiinflammatory mechanism, we investigated whether long-term pioglitazone (Pio) treatment protects against another form of vascular wall disease, arteriosclerosis. We evaluated, in a rat model of elastocalcinotic arteriosclerosis (hypervitaminosis D and nicotine [VDN]), whether Pio (3 mg ...
August 2005: Hypertension
Isabel Villegas, Antonio Ramón Martín, Walber Toma, Catalina Alarcón de la Lastra
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a nuclear hormone receptor super family that has recently been implicated in atherosclerosis, inflammation, cancer, infertility, and demyelination. Oxidative stress, neutrophil infiltration, proinflammatory cytokines, and the exhibition of luminal acid play a role in the pathogenesis of gastric injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion. Rosiglitazone, a specific PPAR-gamma ligand, has been shown to have antiinflammatory activity, but its effects on experimental ischemia-reperfusion gastric injury remain unknown...
November 28, 2004: European Journal of Pharmacology
C Alarcón de la Lastra, M D Barranco, V Motilva, J M Herrerías
Olive oil, the main fatty component of the Mediterranean diet, is characterized by consisting of monounsaturated fatty acids as well as by its elevated content in antioxidant agents. This oil exhibits numerous biological functions which are beneficial for the state of health. A diet rich in monounsaturated fatty acids provides an adequate fluidity to the biological membranes, diminishing the hazard of lipid peroxidation which affects polyunsaturated fatty acids. Moreover, the antioxidants present in olive oil are able to scavenge free radicals and afford an adequate protection against peroxidation...
July 2001: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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