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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224792/white-butterfly-clerodendrum-volubile-leaf-extract-protects-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#1
Olorunfemi R Molehin, Omotade I Oloyede, Kehinde A Idowu, Anne A Adeyanju, Ayorinde O Olowoyeye, Olusegun I Tubi, Olayemi E Komolafe, Aanuoluwapo S Gold
Currently, there is increasing attention towards flavonoids and phenolic compounds of plant origin because of their association with decrease in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and different types of cancer. The present study investigates the protective effect of Clerodendrum volubile (C. volubile) methanolic extracts against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Control rats (group I) received olive oil (1 mL/kg, i.p.), group II received CCl4 in olive oil (1 ml/kg, i.p.) to induce hepatotoxicity, groups III, IV and V were pretreated with leaf extract of C...
December 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224514/the-similar-to-rcd-one-1-protein-sro1-interacts-with-gpx3-and-functions-in-plant-tolerance-of-mercury-stress
#2
Xiaoliang Zhao, Lijie Gao, Pingning Jin, Liusu Cui
Heavy metals in the environment are one of the major limiting factors affecting plant growth and development. However, the mechanisms of the heavy metal-induced physiological processes remain to be fully dissected. Here, we explored that SRO1 can physically interact with Glutathione Peroxidase 3 (GPX3) in Arabidopsis. Under Hg treatment, similar to the sro1, the growth of the gpx3/sro1 was repressed more seriously and the number of true leaves was more reduced and etiolated than that of the wild type and gpx3 plants...
December 11, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223337/an-erf-transcription-factor-from-tamarix-hispida-thcrf1-can-adjust-osmotic-potential-and-reactive-oxygen-species-scavenging-capability-to-improve-salt-tolerance
#3
Liping Qin, Liuqiang Wang, Yong Guo, Yan Li, Halik Ümüt, Yucheng Wang
Ethylene-Responsive Factors (ERFs) are plant-specific transcription factors (TFs) involved in multiple biological processes, especially in abiotic stress tolerance. However, the ERFs from woody halophytes that are involved in salt stress have been little studied. In the present investigation, we characterized a subfamily member of ERF TFs from Tamarix hispida, ThCRF1, which responds to salt stress. ThCRF1 is a nuclear protein that binds to the motifs including TTG, DRE and GCC-box. Transient transformation was performed to generate T...
December 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220775/sio2-nanomaterial-as-a-tool-to-improve-hordeum-vulgare-l-tolerance-to-nano-nio-stress
#4
Cristiano Soares, Simão Branco-Neves, Alexandra de Sousa, Manuel Azenha, Ana Cunha, Ruth Pereira, Fernanda Fidalgo
This work was designed to assess the potential role of silicon dioxide nanomaterial (nano-SiO2) in enhancing barley's tolerance to nickel oxide nanomaterial (nano-NiO). For this purpose, plants were grown for 14days under nano-NiO (120mgkg-1) single and co-exposure with nano-SiO2 (3mgkg-1). The exposure of barley to nano-NiO caused a significant decrease in growth-related parameters and induced a negative response on the photosynthetic apparatus. However, upon nano-SiO2 co-exposure, the inhibitory effects of nano-NiO were partially reduced, with lower reductions in fresh and dry biomass, and with the recovery of the photosynthesis-related parameters...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213132/reducing-biomass-recalcitrance-by-heterologous-expression-of-a-bacterial-peroxidase-in-tobacco-nicotiana-benthamiana
#5
Ayalew Ligaba-Osena, Bertrand Hankoua, Kay DiMarco, Robert Pace, Mark Crocker, Jesse McAtee, Nivedita Nagachar, Ming Tien, Tom L Richard
Commercial scale production of biofuels from lignocellulosic feed stocks has been hampered by the resistance of plant cell walls to enzymatic conversion, primarily owing to lignin. This study investigated whether DypB, the lignin-degrading peroxidase from Rodococcus jostii, depolymerizes lignin and reduces recalcitrance in transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana benthamiana). The protein was targeted to the cytosol or the ER using ER-targeting and retention signal peptides. For each construct, five independent transgenic lines were characterized phenotypically and genotypically...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207476/protective-effects-of-hesperidin-citrus-flavonone-on-high-glucose-induced-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-a-cellular-model-for-diabetic-retinopathy
#6
Wayne Young Liu, Shorong-Shii Liou, Tang-Yao Hong, I-Min Liu
The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of hesperidin, a plant based active flavanone found in citrus fruits, under the oxidative stress and apoptosis induced by high levels of glucose in retinal ganglial cells (RGCs). RGC-5 cells were pretreated with hesperidin (12.5, 25, or 50 μmol/L) for 6 h followed by exposure to high (33.3 mmol/L) d-glucose for 48 h. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was adopted to evaluate cell viability...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204939/toxic-effects-of-linear-alkylbenzene-sulfonate-on-chara-vulgaris-l
#7
Nian Liu, Zhonghua Wu
Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) is a common organic pollutant in freshwater environments. Studies have shown that the toxicity of LAS to aquatic plants is directly related to the LAS concentration and depends on the plant species. A 2-week exposure experiment was designed to investigate the toxicity of LAS for the submerged plant Chara vulgaris L. and focused on the effects on growth, photosynthetic pigment content, and antioxidant enzyme activity. The results showed that when exposed to lower LAS doses (≤ 1...
December 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201036/nitrogen-deposition-enhances-photosynthesis-in-moso-bamboo-but-increases-susceptibility-to-other-stress-factors
#8
Rui Zhang, Jiasheng Wu, Quan Li, Heikki Hänninen, Chunju Peng, Hang Yao, Xinzhang Song, Yeqing Ying
Atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition can increase the susceptibility of vascular plants to other stresses, but the physiological basis of such a response remains poorly understood. This study was designed to clarify the physiological mechanisms and to evaluate bioindicators of N deposition impact on vascular plants. We evaluate multiple physiological responses to ~4 years of simulated additional N deposition (30-90 kg N ha-1 year-1) on three age-classes (1a, 3a, and 5a) of Moso bamboo. A saturating response to the additional N deposition was found both in foliar N concentration and in Pn...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199888/a-high-sensitivity-microtiter-based-plate-assay-for-plant-mamp-triggered-immunity
#9
G Adam Mott, Darrell Desveaux, David S Guttman
The first step in the plant immune response to pathogen challenge involves the perception of conserved epitopes, called microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs), by cell surface pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). Given the key roles that MAMPs and PRRs play in plant innate immunity, great effort has been expended to identify these molecules. Current methods for assaying these immune responses are often limited in their resolution and throughput, and consequently, there is a need for medium- to high-throughput methodologies...
December 4, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197798/individual-and-combined-effects-of-fluoranthene-phenanthrene-mannitol-and-sulfuric-acid-on-marigold-calendula-officinalis
#10
Wahdatullah Khpalwak, Sherif M Abdel-Dayem, Hiroshi Sakugawa
A study was conducted to characterize marigold stress response to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (oxidative stress inducers) with and without sulfuric acid (S.Acid; pH 3) (acid-stress inducer), and to evaluate reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activity of mannitol (Mann). Marigold (Calendula officinalis) seedlings were grown in a greenhouse and fumigated with fluoranthene (FLU), phenanthrene (PHE), Mann, and S.Acid individually and in various combinations for 40 days. Various physiological and biochemical parameters among others were analyzed using standard methods...
November 30, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195224/combined-application-of-compost-and-bacillus-sp-cik-512-ameliorated-the-lead-toxicity-in-radish-by-regulating-the-homeostasis-of-antioxidants-and-lead
#11
Iftikhar Ahmad, Muhammad Javed Akhtar, Shehzad Mehmood, Kalsoom Akhter, Muhammad Tahir, Muhammad Farhan Saeed, Muhammad Baqir Hussain, Saddam Hussain
Lead (Pb) contamination is ubiquitous and usually causes toxicity to plants. Nevertheless, application of compost and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria synergistically may ameliorate the Pb toxicity in radish. The present study assessed the effects of compost and Bacillus sp. CIK-512 on growth, physiology, antioxidants and uptake of Pb in contaminated soil and explored the possible mechanism for Pb phytotoxicity amelioration. Treatments comprised of un-inoculated control, compost, CIK-512, and compost + CIK-512; plants were grown in soil contaminated with Pb (500mgkg-1) and without Pb in pot culture...
November 28, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193412/role-of-resveratrol-in-regulation-of-cellular-defense-systems-against-oxidative-stress
#12
REVIEW
Van-Long Truong, Mira Jun, Woo-Sik Jeong
Resveratrol, a natural polyphenolic compound, is found in various kinds of fruits, plants, and their commercial products such as red wine. It has been demonstrated to exhibit a variety of health-promoting effects including prevention and/or treatment of cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, diabetes, neurodegeneration, aging, and cancer. Cellular defensive properties of resveratrol can be explained through its ability of either directly neutralizing reactive oxygen species/reactive nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) or indirectly upregulating the expression of cellular defensive genes...
November 28, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191011/use-of-lentinan-to-control-sharp-eyespot-of-wheat-and-the-mechanism-involved
#13
Zhongxiao Zhang, Hongyan Wang, Kaiyun Wang, LIli Jiang, Dong Wang
Lentinan (LNT), a complex polysaccharide with a β-(1→3)-linked backbone of D-glucose residues, has been reported to inhibit plant diseases. Our objective was to explore the efficacy and mechanism of action of LNT used as a seed dressing to control sharp eyespot of wheat. Seed dressing promoted wheat growth. At control germination rates of 50%, 8 g LNT/100 kg seeds of the Jimai 22, Shannong 23, and Luyuan 502 cultivars significantly increased seed germination to 54%, 52%, and 51%, respectively. Seven days after emergence, the heights and root activity of wheat treated with LNT were significantly greater than those of controls...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188540/responses-of-two-kidney-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-cultivars-to-the-combined-stress-of-sulfur-deficiency-and-cadmium-toxicity
#14
Dongqin Li, Guikui Chen, Qin Lu, Yongtao Li, Jinjin Wang, Huashou Li
Plants suffer from combined stress of sulfur deficiency and cadmium toxicity in some agricultural lands. However, little is known about the reaction in plants, such as responses in antioxidant enzymes and non-protein thiol compounds, to such combined stress. Therefore, in this study, four treatments, S-sufficiency (TS-Cd), S-deficiency (T-S-Cd), Cd stress (TS+Cd) and combined stress of S-deficiency and Cd stress (T-S+Cd), were set up to investigate (1) the effects of sulfur deficiency or sulfur sufficiency on Cd toxicity to kidney bean cultivar seedlings and the related mechanisms, and (2) the responses of two kidney bean cultivars to combined stress of S-deficiency and Cd-tolerance...
November 29, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188401/drought-stress-promotes-the-colonization-success-of-a-herbivorous-mite-that-manipulates-plant-defenses
#15
Miguel G Ximénez-Embún, Joris J Glas, Felix Ortego, Juan M Alba, Pedro Castañera, Merijn R Kant
Climate change is expected to bring longer periods of drought and this may affect the plant's ability to resist pests. We assessed if water deficit affects the tomato russet mite (TRM; Aculops lycopersici), a key tomato-pest. TRM thrives on tomato by suppressing the plant's jamonate defenses while these defenses typically are modulated by drought stress. We observed that the TRM population grows faster and causes more damage on drought-stressed plants. To explain this observation we measured several nutrients, phytohormones, defense-gene expression and the activity of defensive proteins in plants with or without drought stress or TRM...
November 29, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186815/characterization-of-the-transcriptome-and-gene-expression-of-tetraploid-black-locust-cuttings-in-response-to-etiolation
#16
(no author information available yet)
Etiolation (a process of growing plants in partial or complete absence of light) promotes adventitious root formation in tetraploid black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) cuttings. We investigated the mechanism underlying how etiolation treatment promotes adventitious root formation in tetraploid black locust and assessed global transcriptional changes after etiolation treatment. Solexa paired-end sequencing of complementary DNAs (cDNAs) from control (non-etiolated, NE) and etiolated (E) samples resulted in 107,564 unigenes...
November 24, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184569/the-seed-repair-response-during-germination-disclosing-correlations-between-dna-repair-antioxidant-response-and-chromatin-remodeling-in-medicago-truncatula
#17
Andrea Pagano, Susana de Sousa Araújo, Anca Macovei, Paola Leonetti, Alma Balestrazzi
This work provides novel insights into the effects caused by the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) during Medicago truncatula seed germination, with emphasis on the seed repair response. Seeds treated with H2O and TSA (10 and 20 μM) were collected during imbibition (8 h) and at the radicle protrusion phase. Biometric data showed delayed germination and impaired seedling growth in TSA-treated samples. Comet assay, performed on radicles at the protrusion phase and 4-days old M. truncatula seedlings, revealed accumulation of DNA strand breaks upon exposure to TSA...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183607/fluazifop-p-butyl-induced-ros-generation-with-iaa-indole-3-acetic-acid-oxidation-in-acanthospermum-hispidum-d-c
#18
Zhihang Liu, Pingliang Li, Xiaoxue Sun, Fei Zhou, Congjun Yang, Lingxu Li, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Xiaoyong Luo
Acanthospermum hispidum D.C. was particularly susceptible to fluazifop-P-butyl, an aryloxyphenoxypropionate herbicide, and the primary action site for the herbicide was shoot apical meristem, which is also the main site of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) biosynthesis and action. Membrane lipid peroxidation caused by increasing levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was considered as an action mechanism of fluazifop-P-butyl in A. hispidum. To further clarify the ROS inducing mechanism of fluazifop-P-butyl in the plant, the interactions between fluazifop-P-butyl and auxin compounds IAA or 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) were studied...
November 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183602/copper-complexes-of-the-1-3-4-thiadiazole-derivatives-modulate-antioxidant-defense-responses-and-resistance-in-tomato-plants-against-fungal-and-bacterial-diseases
#19
Amal Smaili, Lalla Aicha Rifai, Siham Esserti, Tayeb Koussa, Fouad Bentiss, Salaheddine Guesmi, Abdelhakim Laachir, Mohamed Faize
The metallic complexes μ-chloro-μ-[2,5-bis (2-pyridyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole] aqua chlorocopper (II) dichlorocopper (II) (abbreviated 2PTH-Cu2-Cl4); aquabis [2,5-bis (2-pyridyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-κ2N2,N3] (trifluoromethane-sulfonato-κO) copper(II) trifluoro metrhanesulfonate (2PTH-Cu-tF) and bis[(2,5-bis(pyridine-2-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-di-azido copper(II)] (2PTH-Cu-Az) were compared for their antimicrobial activities in vitro, and their aptitude to control Verticillium wilt and crown gall diseases development of tomato in the greenhouse...
November 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183601/involvement-of-h2o2-in-fluazifop-p-butyl-induced-cell-death-in-bristly-starbur-seedlings
#20
Xiaoyong Luo, Zhihang Liu, Yukari Sunohara, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Pingliang Li
In order to understand the action mechanism of fluazifop-P-butyl (FB) in bristly starbur (Acanthospermum hispidum D.C.), a susceptible plant, the role of active oxygen species (ROS) in herbicide-induced cell death in shoots was investigated. FB-induced phytotoxicity was not reduced by the antioxidants, 1,4-diazabicyclooctane (dabaco), sodium azide, l-tryptophan, d-tryptophan, hydroquinone and dimethyl pyridine N-oxide (DMPO). The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), in bristly starbur seedlings were significantly increased by FB at 12 HAT and 24 HAT, while ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities increased only at 12 HAT...
November 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
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