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phytophthora infestans

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140163/hsp70s-enhance-a-phytophthora-infestans-effector-induced-cell-death-via-a-mapk-cascade-in-nicotiana-benthamiana
#1
Joohyun Lee, So Eui Lee, SooHyun Oh, Eunyoung Seo, Doil Choi
A destructive pathogen, Phytophthora infestans, secretes hundreds of effectors for successful survival in its host plants. The effectors modulate plant defense system at diverse cellular compartments to take an advantage of pathogen survivals. There were a few researches shown the mode-of-action of each effectors and their interacting proteins in plant cells. Here, we investigated the mode-of-action of a P. infestans effector, Pi23226, which induces cell death in Nicotiana benthamiana. To identify its host factors, we performed co-immunoprecipitation and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and selected members of HSP70 as candidates...
November 15, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090012/infection-of-a-tomato-cell-culture-by-phytophthora-infestans-a-versatile-tool-to-study-phytophthora-host-interactions
#2
Charikleia Schoina, Klaas Bouwmeester, Francine Govers
BACKGROUND: The oomycete Phytophthora infestans causes late blight on potato and tomato. Despite extensive research, the P. infestans-host interaction is still poorly understood. To find new ways to further unravel this interaction we established a new infection system using MsK8 tomato cells. These cells grow in suspension and can be maintained as a stable cell line that is representative for tomato. RESULTS: MsK8 cells can host several Phytophthora species pathogenic on tomato...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051751/evaluation-of-different-pcr-based-assays-and-lamp-method-for-rapid-detection-of-phytophthora-infestans-by-targeting-the-ypt1-gene
#3
Mehran Khan, Benjin Li, Yue Jiang, Qiyong Weng, Qinghe Chen
Late blight, caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most devastating diseases affecting potato and tomato worldwide. Early diagnosis of the P. infestans pathogen causing late blight should be the top priority for addressing disease epidemics and management. In this study, we performed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay, conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR), nested PCR, and real-time PCR to verify and compare the sensitivity and specificity of the reaction based on the Ypt1 (Ras-related protein) gene of P...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034626/-sequence-analysis-and-expression-patterns-of-histone-h2a-variants-in-phytophthora-infestans
#4
Xiaowen Wang, Liyun Guo
In eukaryotic cells, DNA is packaged inside the nucleus together with histones to form nucleosomes. Each histone molecule contains two of each core histone subunits H2A, H2B, H3 and H4. Among core histones, the H2A family is of great interest due to the high diversity of specialized variants. These variants have shown important role in critical cellular processes. Epigenetic mechanism in oomycetes is barely known. Phytophthora infestans is a severe pathogen and a model species in oomycetes. In this study, we studied the sequence and expression pattern of H2A variants of P...
November 25, 2016: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017458/lifestyle-gene-gain-and-loss-and-transcriptional-remodeling-cause-divergence-in-the-transcriptomes-of-phytophthora-infestans-and-pythium-ultimum-during-potato-tuber-colonization
#5
Audrey M V Ah-Fong, Jolly Shrivastava, Howard S Judelson
BACKGROUND: How pathogen genomes evolve to support distinct lifestyles is not well-understood. The oomycete Phytophthora infestans, the potato blight agent, is a largely biotrophic pathogen that feeds from living host cells, which become necrotic only late in infection. The related oomycete Pythium ultimum grows saprophytically in soil and as a necrotroph in plants, causing massive tissue destruction. To learn what distinguishes their lifestyles, we compared their gene contents and expression patterns in media and a shared host, potato tuber...
October 10, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990716/genome-wide-characterization-of-phytophthora-infestans-metabolism-a-systems-biology-approach
#6
Sander Y A Rodenburg, Michael F Seidl, Dick de Ridder, Francine Govers
Genome-scale metabolic models (GEMs) provide a functional view of the complex network of biochemical reactions in the living cell. Initially mainly applied to reconstruct the metabolism of model organisms, the availability of increasingly sophisticated reconstruction methods and more extensive biochemical databases now make it possible to reconstruct GEMs for less characterized organisms as well, and have the potential to unravel the metabolism in pathogen-host systems. Here we present a GEM for the oomycete plant pathogen Phytophthora infestans as a first step towards an integrative model with its host...
October 9, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935716/proteomic-analysis-of-phytophthora-infestans-reveals-the-importance-of-cell-wall-proteins-in-pathogenicity
#7
Svante Resjö, Maja Brus, Ashfaq Ali, Harold J G Meijer, Marianne Sandin, Francine Govers, Fredrik Levander, Laura Grenville-Briggs, Erik Andreasson
The oomycete Phytophthora infestans is the most harmful pathogen of potato. It causes the disease late blight, which generates increased yearly costs of up to one billion euro in the EU alone and is difficult to control. We have performed a large-scale quantitative proteomics study of six P. infestans life stages with the aim to identify proteins that change in abundance during development, with a focus on preinfectious life stages. Over 10 000 peptides from 2061 proteins were analyzed. We identified several abundance profiles of proteins that were up- or downregulated in different combinations of life stages...
November 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911735/antifungal-activity-of-sterols-and-dipsacus-saponins-isolated-from-dipsacus-asper-roots-against-phytopathogenic-fungi
#8
Nam Hee Choi, Ja Yeong Jang, Gyung Ja Choi, Yong Ho Choi, Kyoung Soo Jang, Van Thu Nguyen, Byung-Sun Min, Quang Le Dang, Jin-Cheol Kim
The in vivo antifungal activity of crude extracts of Dipsacus asper roots was evaluated against the phytopathogenic fungi Botrytis cinerea, Colletotrichum coccodes, Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei, Magnaporthe grisea, Phytophthora infestans, Puccinia recondita and Rhizoctonia solani using a whole-plant assay method. Ethyl acetate and acetone extracts, at 1000μg/mL, suppressed the development of tomato gray mold (TGM) and tomato late blight (TLB) by 90%. Through bioassay-guided isolation, five antifungal substances were isolated from the D...
September 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890716/mining-the-volatilomes-of-plant-associated-microbiota-for-new-biocontrol-solutions
#9
REVIEW
Aurélien Bailly, Laure Weisskopf
Microbial lifeforms associated with land plants represent a rich source for crop growth- and health-promoting microorganisms and biocontrol agents. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by the plant microbiota have been demonstrated to elicit plant defenses and inhibit the growth and development of numerous plant pathogens. Therefore, these molecules are prospective alternatives to synthetic pesticides and the determination of their bioactivities against plant threats could contribute to the development of control strategies for sustainable agriculture...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888160/nicotiana-benthamiana-matrix-metalloprotease-1-nmmp1-gene-confers-disease-resistance-to-phytophthora-infestans-in-tobacco-and-potato-plants
#10
Jang Ho Ha, Hyun A Jang, Ki-Beom Moon, Kwang Hyun Baek, Gyung Ja Choi, Doil Choi, Hye Sun Cho, Suk Yun Kwon, Jae-Heung Jeon, Sang-Keun Oh, Hyun-Soon Kim
We previously isolated Nicotiana benthamiana matrix metalloprotease 1 (NMMP1) from tobacco leaves. The NMMP1 gene encodes a highly conserved, Zn-containing catalytic protease domain that functions as a factor in the plant's defense against bacterial pathogens. Expression of NMMP1 was strongly induced during interactions between tobacco and one of its pathogens, Phytophthora infestans. To elucidate the role of the NMMP1 in defense of N. benthamiana against fungal pathogens, we performed gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884358/effective-enhancement-of-resistance-to-phytophthora-infestans-by-overexpression-of-mir172a-and-b-in-solanum-lycopersicum
#11
Yushi Luan, Jun Cui, Jie Li, Ning Jiang, Ping Liu, Jun Meng
Overexpression of miR172a and b in tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ) Zaofen No. 2 increased resistance to Phytophthora infestans infection by suppressing of an AP2/ERF transcription factor. The miR172 family has been shown to participate in the growth phase transition, flowering time control, abiotic and biotic stresses by regulating the expression of a small group of AP2/ERF transcription factors. In this study, the precursors of miR172a and b were cloned from tomato, Solanum pimpinellifolium L3708. We used the degradome sequencing to determine the cleavage site of miR172 to a member of the AP2/ERF transcription factor family (Solyc11g072600...
September 7, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860556/the-tomato-dof-daily-fluctuations-1-tddf1-acts-as-flowering-accelerator-and-protector-against-various-stresses
#12
Mohamed Ewas, Eman Khames, Khurram Ziaf, Raheel Shahzad, Elsayed Nishawy, Farhan Ali, Hizar Subthain, Mohamed H Amar, Mohamed Ayaad, Omran Ghaly, Jie Luo
Adaptation to environmental changes is an important fitness trait for crop development. Photoperiod is an essential factor in seasonal control of flowering time. Sensing of day-length requires an interaction between the Photoperiod and the endogenous rhythms that is controlled by plant circadian clock. Thus, circadian clock is a critical regulator and internal molecular time-keeping mechanism, controlling key agricultural traits in crop plants such as the ability to adjust their growth and physiology to anticipate diurnal environmental changes...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856505/comparative-analysis-of-constitutive-proteome-between-resistant-and-susceptible-tomato-genotypes-regarding-to-late-blight
#13
Bruno Soares Laurindo, Renata Dias Freitas Laurindo, Patrícia Pereira Fontes, Camilo Elber Vital, Fábio Teixeira Delazari, Maria Cristina Baracat-Pereira, Derly José Henriques da Silva
Late blight is one of the most destructive diseases of the tomato, resulting in substantial economic losses. There is difficulty in controlling this disease, so the molecular characterization of tomato genotypes may help in the selection of higher resistance tomato plants against Phytophthora infestans, late blight's pathogen. The objective was to analyze the differences with regard to the constitutive proteome between the access Vegetable Germplasm Bank (BGH)-2127, resistant genotype, and Santa Clara-susceptible genotype to late blight...
August 30, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758684/delivery-of-cytoplasmic-and-apoplastic-effectors-from-phytophthora-infestans-haustoria-by-distinct-secretion-pathways
#14
Shumei Wang, Petra C Boevink, Lydia Welsh, Ruofang Zhang, Stephen C Whisson, Paul R J Birch
The potato blight pathogen Phytophthora infestans secretes effector proteins that are delivered inside (cytoplasmic) or can act outside (apoplastic) plant cells to neutralize host immunity. Little is known about how and where effectors are secreted during infection, yet such knowledge is essential to understand and combat crop disease. We used transient Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated in planta expression, transformation of P. infestans with fluorescent protein fusions and confocal microscopy to investigate delivery of effectors to plant cells during infection...
October 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748272/a-small-cellulose-binding-domain-protein-cbd1-in-phytophthora-is-highly-variable-in-the-non-binding-amino-terminus
#15
Richard W Jones, Frances G Perez
The small cellulose-binding-domain protein CBD1 is tightly bound to the cellulosic cell wall of the plant pathogenic stramenopile Phytophthora infestans. Transgene expression of the protein in potato plants also demonstrated binding to plant cell walls. A study was undertaken using 47 isolates of P. infestans from a worldwide collection, along with 17 other Phytophthora species and a related pathogen Plasmopara halstedii, to determine if the critical cell wall protein is subject to amino acid variability. Within the amino acid sequence of the secreted portion of CBD 1, encoded by the P...
November 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745426/dual-rna-seq-of-lysobacter-capsici-az78-phytophthora-infestans-interaction-shows-the-implementation-of-attack-strategies-by-the-bacterium-and-unsuccessful-oomycete-defense-responses
#16
Selena Tomada, Paolo Sonego, Marco Moretto, Kristof Engelen, Ilaria Pertot, Michele Perazzolli, Gerardo Puopolo
Biological interactions in the microbial communities of the rhizosphere continuously shape the gene expression patterns of each individual microorganism. A dual RNA-Seq approach was applied to obtain a comprehensive overview of the molecular mechanisms activated during the interaction between the biocontrol rhizobacterium Lysobacter capsici AZ78 and the soilborne phytopathogenic oomycete Phytophthora infestans. The RNA-Seq transcriptional profile of L. capsici AZ78 was characterized by up-regulation of genes concerned in the biogenesis of type 4 pilus and lytic enzymes, involved, respectively, in host colonization and subsequent attack of the P...
July 26, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743967/pathogen-recognition-in-compatible-plant-microbe-interactions
#17
Fabio Rezzonico, Oliver Rupp, Johannes Fahrentrapp
Microbial infections in plant leaves remain a major challenge in agriculture. Hence an understanding of disease mechanisms at the molecular level is of paramount importance for identifying possible intervention points for their control. Whole-transcriptome changes during early disease stages in susceptible plant species are less well-documented than those of resistant ones. This study focuses on the differential transcriptional changes at 24 hours post inoculation (hpi) in tomato leaflets affected by three pathogens: (1) Phytophthora infestans, (2) Botrytis cinerea, and (3) Oidium neolycopersici...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737680/mapping-quantitative-trait-loci-qtl-for-resistance-to-late-blight-in-tomato
#18
Dilip R Panthee, Ann Piotrowski, Ragy Ibrahem
Late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans (Montagne, Bary) is a devastating disease of tomato worldwide. There are three known major genes, Ph-1, Ph-2, and Ph-3, conferring resistance to late blight. In addition to these three genes, it is also believed that there are additional factors or quantitative trait loci (QTL) conferring resistance to late blight. Precise molecular mapping of all those major genes and potential QTL is important in the development of suitable molecular markers and hence, marker-assisted selection (MAS)...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726589/proteomic-study-of-sumoylation-during-solanum-tuberosum-phytophthora-infestans-interactions
#19
Bertrand Colignon, Marc Dieu, Catherine Demazy, Edouard Delaive, Yordan Muhovski, Martine Raes, Sergio Mauro
Invasive plant pathogens have developed the ability to modify the metabolism of their host, promoting metabolic processes that facilitate the growth of the pathogen at the general expense of the host. The particular enzymatic process SUMOylation, which performs posttranslational modification of target proteins, leading to changes in many aspects of protein activity and, hence, metabolism, has been demonstrated to be active in many eukaryotic organisms, both animals and plants. Here, we provide experimental evidence that indicates that, in leaves of Solanum tuberosum that have been infected by Phytophthora infestans, the SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier) pathway enzymes of the host are partially under transcriptional control exerted by the oomycete...
November 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674545/identification-of-novel-associations-of-candidate-genes-with-resistance-to-late-blight-in-solanum-tuberosum-group-phureja
#20
María F Álvarez, Myrian Angarita, María C Delgado, Celsa García, José Jiménez-Gomez, Christiane Gebhardt, Teresa Mosquera
The genetic basis of quantitative disease resistance has been studied in crops for several decades as an alternative to R gene mediated resistance. The most important disease in the potato crop is late blight, caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans. Quantitative disease resistance (QDR), as any other quantitative trait in plants, can be genetically mapped to understand the genetic architecture. Association mapping using DNA-based markers has been implemented in many crops to dissect quantitative traits...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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