keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

plant disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549372/pgpr-strain-paenibacillus-polymyxa-sqr-21-potentially-benefits-watermelon-growth-by-re-shaping-root-protein-expression
#1
Yaoyao E, Jun Yuan, Fang Yang, Lei Wang, Jinghua Ma, Jing Li, Xiaowei Pu, Waseem Raza, Qiwei Huang, Qirong Shen
Paenibacillus polymyxa (SQR-21) is not only a plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, but also an effective biocontrol agent against Fusarium wilt disease of watermelon. For the better understanding and clarifying the potential mechanisms of SQR-21 to improve watermelon growth and disease resistance, a split-root methodology in hydroponic and LC-MS technology with the label free method was used to analyze the key root proteins involved in watermelon metabolism and disease resistance after the inoculation of SQR-21...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549260/identification-of-oral-cavity-biofilm-forming-bacteria-and-determination-of-their-growth-inhibition-by-acacia-arabica-tamarix-aphylla-l-and-melia-azedarach-l-medicinal-plants
#2
Muhammad Khalid, Danial Hassani, Muhammad Bilal, Zahid Ali Butt, Muhammad Hamayun, Ayaz Ahmad, Danfeng Huang, Anwar Hussain
OBJECTIVE: Biofilms are complex, multi-species bacterial communities that colonize the oral cavity in the form of plaque and are known to cause dental caries and periodontal disease. Present study demonstrated the potential of three selected medicinal plants against isolated and identified dental biofilm forming strains. METHODS: Pathogenic bacteria from dental biofilms were isolated, cultured, identified by phylogenetic analysis using PCR-based 16S ribosomal RNA (or 16S rRNA) nucleotide sequences and were analyzed for their biofilm forming capability...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549197/analysis-of-protein-profile-of-tomato-root-infected-with-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-lycopersici
#3
T D Silva, C M A Almeida, C B Malafaia, L M S Oliveira, M V Silva, M T S Correia
Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp lycopersici (Fol) is one of the main diseases affecting tomatoes. The BHRS 2,3 genotype of tomato is, however, resistant to this disease. A proteomic approach was used to understand the defense mechanisms of this genotype using the tomato root, the first tissue that interacts with the fungus, as a target. Protein was extracted and separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis followed by staining with Coomassie brilliant blue. The proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry...
May 25, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546091/comparative-secretome-analysis-of-colletotrichum-falcatum-identifies-a-cerato-platanin-protein-epl1-as-a-potential-pathogen-associated-molecular-pattern-pamp-inducing-systemic-resistance-in-sugarcane
#4
N M R Ashwin, Leonard Barnabas, Amalraj Ramesh Sundar, Palaniyandi Malathi, Rasappa Viswanathan, Antonio Masi, Ganesh Kumar Agrawal, Randeep Rakwal
Colletotrichum falcatum, an intriguing hemibiotrophic fungal pathogen causes the devastating red rot disease of sugarcane. Repeated in vitro subculturing of C. falcatum under dark condition alters morphology and reduces virulence of the culture. Hitherto, no information is available on this phenomenon at molecular level. In this study, the in vitro secretome of C. falcatum cultured under light and dark conditions was analyzed using 2-DE coupled with MALDI TOF/TOF MS. Comparative analysis identified nine differentially abundant proteins...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545373/modulation-of-aquaporins-by-dietary-patterns-and-plant-bioactive-compounds
#5
Piero Portincasa, Ilaria Cataldo, Anna Maggio, Patrizia Gena, Ornella de Bari, Grazia Tamma, Piero Portincasa, Calamita Giuseppe
Healthful dietary patterns and bioactive compounds supplementation can be adopted as simple and easy intervention to prevent, attenuate or cure clinical disorders, especially when it comes degenerative and chronic diseases. In the recent years, a growing body of evidence indicates Aquaporins (AQPs), a family of membrane channel proteins widely expressed in the human body, among the targets underlying the beneficial action played by some food nutrients and phytochemical compounds. Here, we provide an overview of what is known regarding the AQP modulation exerted by healthful dietary patterns and plant polyphenols...
May 23, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545348/a-risk-assessment-framework-for-seed-degeneration-informing-an-integrated-seed-health-strategy-for-vegetatively-propagated-crops
#6
Sara Thomas-Sharma, Jorge Andrade-Piedra, Monica Carvajal Yepes, John Hernandez Nopsa, Michael J Jeger, Roger Jones, Peter Kromann, James P Legg, Jonathan Yuen, Greg Forbes, Karen A Garrett
Pathogen build-up in vegetative planting material, termed seed degeneration, is a major problem in many low-income countries. When smallholder farmers use seed produced on-farm or acquired outside certified programs, it is often infected. We introduce a risk assessment framework for seed degeneration, evaluating the relative performance of individual and combined components of an integrated seed health strategy. The frequency distribution of management performance outcomes was evaluated for models incorporating biological and environmental heterogeneity, with the following results...
May 25, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545043/a-multiplex-taqman-qpcr-assay-for-sensitive-and-rapid-detection-of-phytoplasmas-infecting-rubus-species
#7
Holger Linck, Erika Krüger, Annette Reineke
Rubus stunt is an economically important disease in the production of raspberries, blackberries, and loganberries. A fast, sensitive, and reliable diagnosis of phytoplasmas, the causal agent of the disease, is of prime importance to stop its spread by vegetative propagation and by insect vectors. Therefore, multiplex qPCR assays using TaqMan probes with different kinds of fluorophores in one reaction were developed, allowing the detection of phytoplasmas in general as well as a more specific detection of phytoplasmas belonging to group 16SrV and host DNA (either plant or insect)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544492/epistatic-influence-in-tomato-ve1-mediated-resistance
#8
Christian Danve M Castroverde, Xin Xu, Josefa Blaya Fernández, Ross N Nazar, Jane Robb
Resistance to Verticillium wilt disease is associated with the tomato Ve-locus; however, the individual functional roles of Ve1 and Ve2 in host plants remain controversial. As a first step towards Ve mutational analyses in planta, the Ve1 coding region from a resistant tomato near-isoline (cv. Craigella GCR218) was introduced into a susceptible near-isoline (cv. Craigella GCR26). 35S:Ve1 plants segregated into two distinct classes; roughly half were resistant and half were susceptible. Ve1 transcript levels were upregulated in both classes compared to wild-type plants, showing stable transgenic expression...
May 20, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544038/supplementation-with-herbal-extracts-to-promote-behavioral-and-neuroprotective-effects-in-experimental-models-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Ianara Mendonça da Costa, José Rodolfo Lopes de Paiva Cavalcanti, Dinalva Brito de Queiroz, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Amália Cinthia Meneses do Rêgo, Irami Araújo Filho, Paulo Parente, Marco Antônio Botelho, Fausto Pierdoná Guzen
Parkinson's disease (PD) consists of a neurodegenerative pathology that has received a considerable amount of attention because of its clinical manifestations. The most common treatment consists of administering the drugs levodopa and biperiden, which reduce the effectiveness of the disease and the progress of its symptoms. However, phytotherapy treatment of PD has shown great potential in retarding the loss of dopaminergic neurons and minimizing the behavioral abnormalities. The aim of this study is to systematically review the use of supplemental herbal plants with cellular protective effect and behavioral activity in in vivo and in vitro experimental models...
May 22, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543717/poaceae-pollen-as-the-leading-aeroallergen-worldwide-a-review
#10
REVIEW
H García-Mozo
The Poaceae family comprises over 12,000 wind-pollinated species which release large amounts of pollen into the atmosphere. Poaceae pollen is currently regarded as the leading airborne biological pollutant and the chief cause of pollen-allergy worldwide. Sensitization rates vary by country, and those variations are reviewed here. Grass pollen allergens are grouped according to their protein structure and function. In Poaceae, although species belonging to different sub-families are characterized by distinct allergen subsets, there is a considerable degree of cross-reactivity between many species...
May 22, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542545/a-first-insight-into-the-involvement-of-phytohormones-pathways-in-coffee-resistance-and-susceptibility-to-colletotrichum-kahawae
#11
Inês Diniz, Andreia Figueiredo, Andreia Loureiro, Dora Batista, Helena Azinheira, Vítor Várzea, Ana Paula Pereira, Elijah Gichuru, Pilar Moncada, Leonor Guerra-Guimarães, Helena Oliveira, Maria do Céu Silva
Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying coffee-pathogen interactions are of key importance to aid disease resistance breeding efforts. In this work the expression of genes involved in salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA) and ethylene (ET) pathways were studied in hypocotyls of two coffee varieties challenged with the hemibiotrophic fungus Colletotrichum kahawae, the causal agent of Coffee Berry Disease. Based on a cytological analysis, key time-points of the infection process were selected and qPCR was used to evaluate the expression of phytohormones biosynthesis, reception and responsive-related genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542459/identification-and-evaluation-of-resistance-to-powdery-mildew-and-yellow-rust-in-a-wheat-mapping-population
#12
Lijun Yang, Xuejiang Zhang, Xu Zhang, Jirui Wang, Mingcheng Luo, Mujun Yang, Hua Wang, Libo Xiang, Fansong Zeng, Dazhao Yu, Daolin Fu, Garry M Rosewarne
Deployment of cultivars with genetic resistance is an effective approach to control the diseases of powdery mildew (PM) and yellow rust (YR). Chinese wheat cultivar XK0106 exhibits high levels of resistance to both diseases, while cultivar E07901 has partial, adult plant resistance (APR). The aim of this study was to map resistance loci derived from the two cultivars and analyze their effects against PM and YR in a range of environments. A doubled haploid population (388 lines) was used to develop a framework map consisting of 117 SSR markers, while a much higher density map using the 90K Illumina iSelect SNP array was produced with a subset of 80 randomly selected lines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542451/mapping-genes-for-resistance-to-stripe-rust-in-spring-wheat-landrace-pi-480035
#13
Jinita Sthapit Kandel, Vandhana Krishnan, Derick Jiwan, Xianming Chen, Daniel Z Skinner, Deven R See
Stripe rust caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend. f. sp. tritici Erikks. is an economically important disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Hexaploid spring wheat landrace PI 480035 was highly resistant to stripe rust in the field in Washington during 2011 and 2012. The objective of this research was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for stripe rust resistance in PI 480035. A spring wheat, "Avocet Susceptible" (AvS), was crossed with PI 480035 to develop a biparental population of 110 recombinant inbred lines (RIL)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541442/cbl-interacting-protein-kinase-6-negatively-regulates-immune-response-to-pseudomonas-syringae-in-arabidopsis
#14
Atish Sardar, Ashis Kumar Nandi, Debasis Chattopadhyay
Cytosolic calcium ion (Ca2+) is an essential mediator of the plant innate immune response. Here, we report that a calcium-regulated protein kinase Calcineurin B-like protein (CBL)-interacting protein kinase 6 (CIPK6) functions as a negative regulator of immunity against the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae in Arabidopsis thaliana. Arabidopsis lines with compromised expression of CIPK6 exhibited enhanced disease resistance to the bacterial pathogen and to P. syringae harboring certain but not all avirulent effectors, while restoration of CIPK6 expression resulted in abolition of resistance...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541356/food-and-plant-bioactives-for-reducing-cardiometabolic-disease-risk-an-evidence-based-approach
#15
REVIEW
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Alessandro Colletti
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the major causes of mortality and disability in Western countries. Prevention is known to be the cornerstone to lessen the incidence of CVDs and also to reduce the economic burden of both the citizen and the healthcare system. "Interventional medicine" certainly puts lifestyle modification as the first therapeutic step, including a healthy diet and physical activity. Secondly, a large body of research individuated a number of food and plant bioactives, which are potentially efficacious in preventing and reducing some highly prevalent CV risk factors, such as hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, vascular inflammation and vascular compliance...
May 25, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540838/verticillium-species-skin-infection-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#16
Samar Badreddine, Abdullah Al Amoudi, Badr AbdelRauf, Ali Al-Katheeri, Abdulmonem Almutawa, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi
Verticillium species is a filamentous fungus that inhabits decaying vegetation and soil. It is known to cause disease in plants. Four cases of human infections have been reported previously in nontransplant patients. Here, we report the first case of Verticillium species skin infection in a transplant patient who was successfully treated with fluconazole monotherapy.
May 22, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540512/a-molecular-insight-into-papaya-leaf-curl-a-severe-viral-disease
#17
REVIEW
Priyanka Varun, S A Ranade, Sangeeta Saxena
Papaya leaf curl disease (PaLCuD) caused by papaya leaf curl virus (PaLCuV) not only affects yield but also plant growth and fruit size and quality of papaya and is one of the most damaging and economically important disease. Management of PaLCuV is a challenging task due to diversity of viral strains, the alternate hosts, and the genomic complexities of the viruses. Several management strategies currently used by plant virologists to broadly control or eliminate the viruses have been discussed. In the absence of such strategies in the case of PaLCuV at present, the few available options to control the disease include methods like removal of affected plants from the field, insecticide treatments against the insect vector (Bemisia tabaci), and gene-specific control through transgenic constructs...
May 25, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540497/large-scale-transcriptome-analysis-reveals-arabidopsis-metabolic-pathways-are-frequently-influenced-by-different-pathogens
#18
Zhenhong Jiang, Fei He, Ziding Zhang
Through large-scale transcriptional data analyses, we highlighted the importance of plant metabolism in plant immunity and identified 26 metabolic pathways that were frequently influenced by the infection of 14 different pathogens. Reprogramming of plant metabolism is a common phenomenon in plant defense responses. Currently, a large number of transcriptional profiles of infected tissues in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) have been deposited in public databases, which provides a great opportunity to understand the expression patterns of metabolic pathways during plant defense responses at the systems level...
May 24, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540496/phenotyping-of-vigs-mediated-gene-silencing-in-rice-using-a-vector-derived-from-a-dna-virus
#19
Ravi Kant, Indranil Dasgupta
Target genes in rice can be optimally silenced if inserted in antisense or hairpin orientation in the RTBV-derived VIGS vector and plants grown at 28 °C and 80% humidity after inoculation. Virus induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a method used to transiently silence genes in dicot as well as monocot plants. For the important monocot species rice, the Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV)-derived VIGS system (RTBV-VIGS), which uses agroinoculation to initiate silencing, has not been standardized for optimal use...
May 24, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540357/data-on-microsatellite-markers-in-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides-s-l-polymorphism-levels-and-diversity-range
#20
Laurent Penet, Sophie Briand, Dalila Petro, François Bussière, Sébastien Guyader
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is a species complex of fungi belonging to the Glomerellaceae family (Ascomycota). It has a global worldwide occurrence and while sometimes described as a plant endophytic commensal, it also often demonstrates pathogenicity on crops and is responsible for anthracnose disease in many cultivated species. Thirty-nine polymorphic microsatellites were isolated and their polymorphism levels were determined in 95 strains from Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles), mostly isolated from Water Yam (Dioscorea alata)...
June 2017: Data in Brief
keyword
keyword
34573
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"