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Fate of ROS in circulation

Anita Patlolla, Brittney McGinnis, Paul Tchounwou
With their unique physicochemical properties, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have many potential new applications in medicine and industry. A biomedical application of single-wall carbon nanotubes such as drug delivery requires a fundamental understanding of their fate and toxicological profile after administration. However, the toxicity of SWCNT is barely known when they are introduced into the blood circulation, which is especially vital for their biomedical applications. The aim of this study was to assess the effects, after intraperitoneal injection, of functionalized SWCNTs (carboxyl groups) on reactive oxygen species (ROS) induction and various hepatotoxicity markers (ALT, AST, ALP, LPO and morphology of liver) in the mouse model...
January 2011: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
J Pietzsch, R Bergmann, F Wuest, B Pawelke, C Hultsch, J van den Hoff
The human organism is exposed to numerous processes that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS may directly or indirectly cause oxidative modification and damage of proteins. Protein oxidation is regarded as a crucial event in the pathogenesis of various diseases ranging from rheumatoid arthritis to Alzheimer's disease and atherosclerosis. As a representative example, oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) is regarded as a crucial event in atherogenesis. Data concerning the role of circulating oxidized LDL (oxLDL) in the development and outcome of diseases are scarce...
December 2005: Amino Acids
F Santangelo
Oxidative stress is defined as the consequence of overpowering of the immune system's reaction, which causes increased production of the reactive oxidative species (ROS) greater than the antioxidant protection. Tissue injury and oxidation of the circulating molecules may be the consequences. Moreover, the sulphur-containing amino acids (SAA) fate is perturbed during stress. The altered biochemical rules during inflammation weaken the anti-oxidant mechanism, and the extra-supply of SAA under inflammatory conditions can help to restore homeostasis...
December 2003: Current Medicinal Chemistry
U K Hahn, R C Bender, C J Bayne
The fate of Schistosoma mansoni (Trematoda) sporocysts in its molluscan host Biomphalaria glabrata (Gastropoda) is determined by circulating phagocytes (hemocytes). When the parasite invades a resistant snail, it is attacked and destroyed by hemocytes, whereas in a susceptible host it remains unaffected. We used 3 inbred strains of B. glabrata: 13-16-R1 and 10-R2, which are resistant to the PR-1 strain of S. mansoni, and M-line Oregon (MO), which is susceptible to PR-1. In an in vitro killing assay using plasma-free hemocytes from these strains, the rate of parasite killing corresponded closely to the rate by which S...
April 2001: Journal of Parasitology
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