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Majidreza Khos Hkholgh, Sajad Nazari
The genetic variation and population structure of narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) was examined by means of polymerase chain reaction (PC R) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RF LP) analysis of the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) of mitochondrial DNA. A total of 194 adult specimens were collected from seven sample sites including, two in the south Caspian Sea and one each in Anzali wetland and Aras reservoir and three rivers Chafrood, Masule Rudkhan and S iah Darvishan. The PCR products were digested with 19 restriction enzymes and five enzymes revealed polymorphism patterns (DdeІ, MboІ, TaqI, RsaІ and HinfІ)...
December 2015: Molecular Biology Research Communications
Marco Antonio Vargas, Jorge Britto
Characterization of the scientific and technological infrastructure in health and its interactions with the industrial sector provides key elements for understanding the dynamics of innovation in health. This study conducts an exploratory analysis of the potentialities and limitations associated with scientific and technological capabilities in the health area in Brazil and the different links between the scientific and industrial sectors in health. The analysis points to important growth in internationally indexed research output, especially in certain areas such as pharmaceutics, public health, genetics, morphology, physiology, and microbiology...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Gustavo Salgado Duque, Dayse Aparecida da Silva, Felipe Neves de Albuquerque, Roberta Siuffo Schneider, Alinne Gimenez, Roberto Pozzan, Ricardo Mourilhe Rocha, Denilson Campos de Albuquerque
Background: Association between angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphisms and different clinical and echocardiographic outcomes has been described in patients with heart failure (HF) and coronary artery disease. Studying the genetic profile of the local population with both diseases is necessary to assess the occurrence of that association. Objectives: To assess the frequency of ACE gene polymorphisms in patients with ischemic HF in a Rio de Janeiro population, as well as its association with echocardiographic findings...
October 27, 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Maria Oliver Bonet, Núria Mach
Introducción: la infertilidad es un problema global en aumento. Se estima que aproximadamente un 15% de las parejas en edad reproductiva tiene dificultades a la hora de concebir. De estas, alrededor de la mitad presentan uno o varios factores masculinos asociados a infertilidad o subfertilidad, aislados o en combinación con problemas de origen femenino. Durante la última década se ha empezado a estudiar la infertilidad desde una perspectiva multifactorial, considerando las interacciones y conexiones entre diferentes situaciones genéticas, epigenéticas, bioquímicas y fisiológicas del paciente...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Sally J Wadsworth, John C DeFries, Erik G Willcutt, Bruce F Pennington, Richard K Olson
Because of recent concerns about the replication of published results in the behavioral and biomedical sciences (Ioannidis, PLoS Medicine, Vol. 2, 2005, p. e124; Open Science Collaboration, Science, Vol. 349, 2015, p. 943; Pashler & Wagenmakers, Perspectives on Psychological Science, Vol. 7, 2012, pp. 528-530), we have conducted a replication of our recently published analyses of longitudinal reading performance and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder data from twin pairs selected for reading difficulties (Wadsworth et al...
December 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Anna Kelly Krislane de Vasconcelos Pedrosa, Luiz Fernando Oliveira Torres, Ana Corina Brainer Amorim da Silva, Adrianna Barros Leal Dantas, Káthia Liliane da Cunha Ribeiro Zuntini, Lia Cordeiro Bastos Aguiar
Schimke syndrome corresponds to dysplasia of bone and immunity, associated with progressive renal disease secondary to nephrotic syndrome cortico-resistant, with possible other abnormalities such as hypothyroidism and blond marrow aplasia. It is a rare genetic disorder, with few reports in the literature. The most frequent renal involvement is nephrotic syndrome with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and progressive renal failure. The objective of this study was to report a case of Schimke syndrome, diagnostic investigation and management of the case...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Ismael San Mauro Martin, Paula Mendive Dubourdieu, Víctor Paredes Barato, Elena Garicano Vilar
Introducción: la tradición de la comida picante desempeña un papel muy importante en el gusto por este tipo de comida y su tolerancia. Las preferencias alimentarias muestran influencia genética y ambiental.Objetivos: estudiar la tolerancia y el gusto por el picante de tres poblaciones, y la influencia hereditaria y del ambiente.Métodos:se realizó una encuesta a 522 sujetos, de tres continentes (Asia, Europa y Latinoamérica) en tres idiomas (español, inglés y chino) a través de Internet. Se realizaron preguntas acerca de la tolerancia al picante, el gusto por los alimentos picantes, su uso, la edad de comienzo de consumo, el gusto del padre y de la madre y si ella lo consumía durante el embarazo y/o lactancia...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Ismael Ejarque Doménech, Miguel García Ribes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Atencion Primaria
Sandra Garrido de Barros, Ligia Maria Vieira-da-Silva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the genesis of the policy for controlling AIDS in Brazil. METHODS: Socio-historical study (1981-1989), based on Bordieu's genetic sociology, by document analysis, bibliographical review, and in-depth interviews. It consisted of a connection between the analysis of the paths of 33 agents involved in the creation of a social space focusing on AIDS-related issues and the historical possibility conditions of the drafting of a specific policy. RESULTS: AIDS Space is a gathering point for the paths of agents from several social fields (medical, scientific, political, and bureaucratic fields)...
July 21, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
Bianca Bianco, Erik Montagna
ABSTRACTGenetic mitochondrial disorders are responsible for the most common inborn errors of metabolism, caused by mutations in either nuclear genes or in mitochondrial DNA. This article presents the prokaryotic origin of the organelle and the relation between nuclear and mitochondrial genomes, as well as current evolutionary models for such mechanisms. It also addresses the structure of mitochondrial genes, their expression pattern, clinical features of gene defects, risk of transmission and current techniques to avoid these events in assisted human reproduction...
April 2016: Einstein
Adriana Luchs, Maria do Carmo Sampaio Tavares Timenetsky
ABSTRACTThis article provides a review of immunity, diagnosis, and clinical aspects of rotavirus disease. It also informs about the changes in epidemiology of diarrheal disease and genetic diversity of circulating group A rotavirus strains following the introduction of vaccines. Group A rotavirus is the major pathogen causing gastroenteritis in animals. Its segmented RNA genome can lead to the emergence of new or unusual strains in human populations via interspecies transmission and/or reassortment events.RESUMOEste artigo fornece uma revisão sobre imunidade, diagnóstico e aspectos clínicos da doença causada por rotavírus...
April 2016: Einstein
Diogo Costa Leandro de Oliveira, Fernanda Boldrini Assunção, Alair Agusto Sarmet Moreira Damas Dos Santos, Marcelo Souto Nacif
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common genetic cardiovascular disease and represents the main cause of sudden death in young patients. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and cardiac computed tomography (CCT) are noninvasive imaging methods with high sensitivity and specificity, useful for the establishment of diagnosis and prognosis of HCM, and for the screening of patients with subclinical phenotypes. The improvement of image analysis by CMR and CCT offers the potential to promote interventions aiming at stopping the natural course of the disease...
August 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Ilaria Santini, Paolo Stratta, Simona D'Onofrio, Ida De Lauretis, Valeria Santarelli, Francesca Pacitti, Alessandro Rossi
INTRODUCTION: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is an area of interest for mental health research because individuals with mental illnesses have an increased risk of medical morbidity and mortality compared with the general population. This cross-sectional study is aimed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an Italian psychiatric sample, treated with different types of antipsychotics. METHODS: The data were derived from medical records of patient with affective and non-affective psychosis, admitted to the Hospital of L'Aquila psychiatric ward, from January 2012 to July 2014...
January 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Ismael San Mauro-Martin, Licia De la Calle-de la Rosa, Sara Sanz-Rojo, Elena Garicano-Vilar, María José Ciudad-Cabañas, Luis Collado-Yurrita
Introducción: las enfermedades cardiovasculares (EC) constituyen la principal causa de muerte a nivel mundial. La etiología es multifactorial, pueden influir diversos factores como la dieta, los hábitos de vida, el nivel de ejercicio físico o la carga genética. El gran número de genes implicados, así como sus diversas variantes, pueden influir sobre el riesgo de padecer enfermedades cardiovasculares por medio de distintas vías.Objetivo: determinar la relación existente entre diferentes polimorfismos genéticos y el riesgo individual de EC en población infantil y adulta...
February 16, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
V A Pereyra, C A Gomez, L La Manna, G Roux, A A Lanteri, N C Vallejos, A E Marvaldi
The pine weevils that occur in plantations of Pinus spp. in Andean Patagonia of Argentina belong to the species Pissodes castaneus (De Geer), a Eurasian endemic species, according to the identification based on molecular and morphological characters. Sequences of the mitochondrial Cytochrome oxidase subunit I and nuclear genes (28 S rDNA and ITS2) were obtained for individuals of 13 afforestations, covering the entire distribution area of the established populations in the Andean Patagonia of Argentina. Sequence comparison with representative species of the genus (European, North American, and Chinese species) shows that Patagonian specimens are conspecific to those of P...
February 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
Isaura Araceli González-Ramos, Ana Rebeca Jaloma-Cruz
Artificial skin offers important advantages in gene therapy tor its biosafety and simple monitoring. An easy access of keratinocytes through small biopsies and their in vitro expansion enriched with epithelial stem cells, make them an ideal target for long-term therapeutic transgene expression. Corrective cutaneous gene therapy has been recently applied in clinical trials on dermatological genetic diseases. In systemic monogenic diseases such as hemophilia B, the graft of genetically modified skin in murine experimental models has achieved a modest increase of clotting factor IX in plasma that may attenuate severe symptoms of the disease...
March 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
CarloAlberto Redi
Sometimes we do not realize that Spanish speaking people are one of the major linguistic group on our planet! Thus we have to welcome this excellent book devoted to, as the title clearly tell us, human genetics for the pleasure of the Spanish speaking people. Those who love genetics, young fellows at the beginning of their careers, esteemed professors and historians of science will get for the affordable price.....
2015: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
Belén Zapatera, Andreu Prados, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Ascensión Marcos
Immunonutrition is an emergent and interdisciplinary subject, since it comprises several aspects related to Nutrition, Immunity, Infection, Inflammation, and Injury or tissue damage, what is known as Nutrition and 4 “Is”. Within these interactions the endocrine, nervous and immune systems are involved, microbiota being a part of the last one. Nowadays, gut microbiota has been shown to play an essential role, not only in the gastrointestinal tract but also into the nervous system, because of its bilateral connection...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Beatriz Marcheco, Gail Reed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: MEDICC Review
Jingyi Zhang, Yafei Guo, Xiaojuan Du, Baocai Xing
OBJECTIVE: We previously found that hUTP14a binds P53 and promotes P53 degradation. However, if hUTP14a is a downstream gene of P53 remains to be determined. This study aimed to identify the promoter of hUTP14a and investigate if hUTP14a is regulated by P53. METHODS: The hUTP14a promoter region was cloned into pGL3-Basic-luciferase reporter plasmid to get pGL3-hUTP14a-luc. The reporter plasmid was transfected into 293T cells and luciferase activity was evaluated by the Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay System...
April 2014: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
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