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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403336/attitude-and-knowledge-about-foot-health-a-spanish-view
#1
Daniel López-López, Ricardo García-Mira, Patricia Palomo-López, Rubén Sánchez-Gómez, José Ramos-Galván, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, Matilde García-Sánchez
Objective: to explore attitudes towards patients' self-reported data about foot health-related beliefs from a behavioural and attitudinal perspective. Methods: a sample of 282 participants of a mean age of 39.46 ± 16.026 came to a health centre where self-reported demographic, clinical characteristics and beliefs relating to foot health data were registered, informants' completed all the stages of the research process. Results: the results of the analysis revealed an 8-factor factorial structure based on (1) podiatric behaviours, (2) the intention to carry out protective behaviour, (3) attitudinal beliefs, (4) normative beliefs, (5) needs, (6) apathy, (7) self-care, and (8) the general perception of foot health...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355338/social-and-behavior-change-communication-in-the-fight-against-malaria-in-mozambique
#2
Jorge Alexandre Harrison Arroz
Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets and/or indoor residual spraying, associated with case management, are key interventions in the control of malaria in Africa. The objective of this study is to comment on the role of social and behavior change communication as a potential key intervention in the control of malaria in Mozambique. RESUMO As redes mosquiteiras impregnadas com insecticidade de longa duração e/ou pulverização intra-domiciliária, associada ao manejo de casos são intervenções-chave no controlo da malária em África...
March 23, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300965/collective-strategy-for-facing-occupational-risks-of-a-nursing-team
#3
Marli Maria Loro, Regina Célia Gollner Zeitoune
OBJECTIVE: To socialize an educational action through the process of group discussion and reflection, with the aim to increase the care of nursing workers in facing occupational risks. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study using the Convergent Care Research modality with nursing staff working in an emergency department of a hospital in the northwest region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data collection was carried out through educational workshops and information was processed using content analysis, resulting in two thematic categories: A look at the knowledge and practices about occupational risks in nursing; and adherence to protective measures by the nursing team against occupational risks...
March 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287193/medico-legal-notes-for-a-new-set-of-standards-in-the-assessment-of-penal-liability-in-psychiatry
#4
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Raffaella Rinaldi, Giuseppe Bersani, Enrico Marinelli
Negligence liability on the part of a psychiatrist belongs among high-complexity fields, for both the judge and his or her technical consultants. In most instances, there are no scientific grounds in order to ascribe with reasonable certainty liability to medical personnel and nursing staff, while often judges tend to stretch the concept of “protection” to a degree to which the psychiatrist is deemed to have a legal obligation to stave off the development of any adverse consequence which psychic distress may bring upon the patient...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287192/-libero-arbitrio-neuroscienze-e-scelta-verso-un-modello-basato-sulla-capacit%C3%A3-decisionale-per-la-valutazione-dell-imputabilit%C3%A3
#5
Giovanna Parmigiani, Gabriele Mandarelli, Gerben Meynen, Lorenzo Tarsitani, Massimo Biondi, Stefano Ferracuti
RIASSUNTO. Il libero arbitrio è stato spesso considerato una tematica centrale nella dottrina della responsabilità criminale. Ciononostante, il concetto stesso di libero arbitrio presenta intrinseche problematiche nella sua definizione teorica e applicazione pratica in un contesto clinico/forense ed è intensamente dibattuto. Nello specifico, l'esistenza stessa del libero arbitrio è stata recentemente posta in discussione anche sulla base di alcune evidenze sperimentali neuroscientifiche. Questo dibattito ha implicazioni significative in quei campi in cui l'associazione tra libertà di scelta è comportamento costituisce il focus di interesse, quali la psichiatria forense...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198959/intraoperative-body-temperature-control-esophageal-thermometer-versus-infrared-tympanic-thermometer
#6
Vanessa de Brito Poveda, Ariane de Souza Nascimento
OBJECTIVE: To verify the correlation between temperature measurements performed using an infrared tympanic thermometer and an esophageal thermometer during the intraoperative period. METHOD: A longitudinal study of repeated measures was performed including subjects aged 18 years or older undergoing elective oncologic surgery of the digestive system, with anesthesia duration of at least 1 hour. Temperature measurements were performed simultaneously by a calibrated esophageal thermometer and by a calibrated infrared tympanic thermometer, with laboratory reading precision of ±0...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146179/toward-advanced-nursing-practice-along-with-people-centered-care-partnership-model-for-sustainable-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#7
Tomoko Kamei, Keiko Takahashi, Junko Omori, Naoko Arimori, Michiko Hishinuma, Kiyomi Asahara, Yoko Shimpuku, Kumiko Ohashi, Junko Tashiro
Objective: this study developed a people-centered care (PCC) partnership model for the aging society to address the challenges of social changes affecting people's health and the new role of advanced practice nurses to sustain universal health coverage. Method: a people-centered care partnership model was developed on the basis of qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature and assessment of 14 related projects. The ongoing projects resulted in individual and social transformation by improving community health literacy and behaviors using people-centered care and enhancing partnership between healthcare providers and community members through advanced practice nurses...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076600/use-of-cuff-tear-arthroplasty-head-prosthesis-for-rotator-cuff-arthropathy-treatment-in-elderly-patients-with-comorbidities
#8
Cassiano Diniz Carvalho, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman
Objective: To evaluate the clinical and functional behavior of patients undergoing cuff tear arthroplasty at different stages of the disease. Methods: Cuff tear arthroplasty hemiarthroplasties were performed in 34 patients with rotator cuff arthropathy and associated comorbidities, classified according to Seebauer. The mean age was 76.3 years, and the sample comprised 23 females (67.6%) and 11 males (32.4%). The mean follow-up period was 21.7 months, and evaluations were performed using the Visual Analog Scale for pain and the Constant scale...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076591/urban-versus-rural-lifestyle-in-adolescents-associations-between-environment-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-behavior
#9
Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes Dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas
Objective: To analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076472/evaluation-of-lymphatic-spread-visceral-metastasis-and-tumoral-local-invasion-in-esophageal-carcinomas
#10
Francisco Tustumi, Cintia Mayumi Sakurai Kimura, Flavio Roberto Takeda, Rubens Antônio Aissar Sallum, Ulysses Ribeiro-Junior, Ivan Cecconello
Background: Knowing esophageal tumors behavior in relationship to lymph node involvement, distant metastases and local tumor invasion is of paramount importance for the best esophageal tumors management. Aim: To describe lymph node involvement, distant metastases, and local tumor invasion in esophageal carcinoma, according to tumor topography and histology. Methods: A total of 444 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and 105 adenocarcinoma were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992034/electrocardiogram-performance-in-the-diagnosis-of-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-hypertensive-patients-with-left-bundle-branch-block
#11
Paula Freitas Martins Burgos, Bráulio Luna Filho, Francisco de Assis Costa, Maria Teresa Nogueira Bombig, Dilma de Souza, Henrique Tria Bianco, Japy Angelini Oliveira Filho, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Izar, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Rui Póvoa
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an important risk factor for cardiovascular events, and its detection usually begins with an electrocardiogram (ECG). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB) in hypertensive patients in the diagnostic performance of LVH by ECG. METHODS: A total of 2,240 hypertensive patients were studied. All of them were submitted to an ECG and an echocardiogram (ECHO)...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982381/national-survey-on-access-use-and-promotion-of-rational-use-of-medicines-pnaum-household-survey-component-methods
#12
Sotero Serrate Mengue, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Alexandra Crispim Boing, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Vera Lucia Luiza, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Aluísio Jardim Dornellas de Barros
OBJECTIVE: To describe methodological aspects of the household survey National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM) related to sampling design and implementation, the actual obtained sample, instruments and fieldwork. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study with probability sampling in three stages of the population living in households located in Brazilian urban areas. Fieldwork was carried out between September 2013 and February 2014...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982380/access-to-and-use-of-high-blood-pressure-medications-in-brazil
#13
Sotero Serrate Mengue, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Vera Lucia Luiza, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the access to and use of medicines for high blood pressure among the Brazilian population according to social and demographic conditions. METHODS: Analysis of data from Pesquisa Nacional Sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a nationwide cross-sectional, population-based study, with probability sampling, carried out between September 2013 and February 2014 in urban households in the five Brazilian regions...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832238/smoking-control-challenges-and-achievements
#14
Luiz Carlos Corrêa da Silva, Alberto José de Araújo, Ângela Maria Dias de Queiroz, Maria da Penha Uchoa Sales, Maria Vera Cruz de Oliveira Castellano
Smoking is the most preventable and controllable health risk. Therefore, all health care professionals should give their utmost attention to and be more focused on the problem of smoking. Tobacco is a highly profitable product, because of its large-scale production and great number of consumers. Smoking control policies and treatment resources for smoking cessation have advanced in recent years, showing highly satisfactory results, particularly in Brazil. However, there is yet a long way to go before smoking can be considered a controlled disease from a public health standpoint...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828684/development-policy-for-the-brazilian-health-industry-and-qualification-of-national-public-laboratories
#15
Ana Luiza d'Ávila Viana, Hudson Pacifico da Silva, Nelson Ibañez, Fabíola Lana Iozzi
Technological innovations play a decisive role in societies' development by contributing to economic growth and the population's welfare. The state has a key role in this process by inducing innovative behavior, strategies, and decisions. This study addresses Brazil's current policy for development of the health industry and its effects on qualification of national public laboratories by contextualizing different cycles of interaction between health policy and the industrial base, discussing the government's development strategy and the transfer and absorption of health technology (through Industrial Development Partnerships), and presenting two current partnerships involving public laboratories in the production of medicines and vaccines...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828675/windows-of-opportunities-and-technological-innovation-in-the-brazilian-pharmaceutical-industry
#16
Paulo Bastos Tigre, Caio Victor Machado França do Nascimento, Laís Silveira Costa
The Brazilian pharmaceutical industry is heavily dependent on external sources of inputs, capital, and technology. However, the emergence of technological opportunities and the development of biotechnology and the decline of the patent boom and resulting advances by generic drugs have opened windows of opportunities for the local industry. The article examines the Brazilian industry's innovative behavior vis-à-vis these opportunities, showing that although the industry as a whole invests little in innovation, a few large Brazilian companies have expanded their market share and stepped up their investments in research and development, supported by public policies for innovation...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737377/stages-of-change-of-behavior-in-women-on-a-multi-professional-program-for-treatment-of-obesity
#17
Cheila Aparecida Bevilaqua, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Sonia Silva Marcon
Objective: to ascertain the effectiveness of an intervention program in relation to anthropometric measurements and stage of readiness for behavioral change in women with excess weight. Methods: the intervention group (IG) was made up of 13 women, and the control group (CG), by 20. The intervention lasted 16 weeks, and included the practice of guided physical activity three times a week, and health education once a week. The application of the questionnaire on stage of readiness for behavioral change, and the anthropometric evaluations, were undertaken at two points - before and after the period of intervention...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680057/analyzing-the-concept-of-disruptive-behavior-in-healthcare-work-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Roberta Meneses Oliveira, Lucilane Maria Sales da Silva, Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes, Adriana Catarina de Souza Oliveira, Rosario Gómez Sánchez, Raimundo Augusto Martins Torres
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the concept of disruptive behavior in healthcare work. METHOD: An integrative review carried out in the theoretical phase of a qualitative research substantiated by the theoretical framework of the Hybrid Model of Concept Development. The search for articles was conducted in the CINAHL, LILACS, PsycINFO, PubMed and SciVerse Scopus databases in 2013. RESULTS: 70 scientific articles answered the guiding question and lead to attributes of disruptive behavior, being: incivility, psychological violence and physical/sexual violence; with their main antecedents (intrapersonal, interpersonal and organizational) being: personality characteristics, stress and work overload; and consequences of: workers' moral/mental distress, compromised patient safety, labor loss, and disruption of communication, collaboration and teamwork...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556720/teamwork-in-a-coronary-care-unit-facilitating-and-hindering-aspects
#19
Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Silvia Helena Henriques Camelo, Ana Lúcia de Assis Simões, Lucieli Dias Pedreschi Chaves
OBJECTIVE: To identify, within a multidisciplinary team, the facilitating and hindering aspects for teamwork in a coronary care unit. METHOD: A descriptive study, with qualitative and quantitative data, was carried out in the coronary care unit of a public hospital. The study population consisted of professionals working in the unit for at least one year. Those who were on leave or who were not located were excluded. The critical incident technique was used for data collection, by means of semi-structured interviews...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533364/visceral-leishmaniasis-in-the-state-of-sao-paulo-brazil-spatial-and-space-time-analysis
#20
Marisa Furtado Mozini Cardim, Marluci Monteiro Guirado, Margareth Regina Dibo, Francisco Chiaravalloti
OBJECTIVE: To perform both space and space-time evaluations of visceral leishmaniasis in humans in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The population considered in the study comprised autochthonous cases of visceral leishmaniasis and deaths resulting from it in Sao Paulo, between 1999 and 2013. The analysis considered the western region of the state as its studied area. Thematic maps were created to show visceral leishmaniasis dissemination in humans in the municipality...
August 11, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
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