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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793107/association-between-filial-responsibility-when-caring-for-parents-and-the-caregivers-overload
#1
Marinês Aires, Duane Mocellin, Fernanda Laís Fengler, Idiane Rosset, Naiana Oliveira Dos Santos, Diani de Oliveira Machado, Carolina Baltar Day, Lisiane Manganelli Girardi Paskulin
Objective: To analyze the association between filial responsibility and the overload of the children when caring for their older parents. Method: Cross-sectional study with 100 caregiver children of older adults. Filial liability was assessed by the attitudes of the responsible child (scale of expectation and filial duty) and by care behaviors (assistance in activities of daily living, emotional and financial support, and keeping company). The overload was assessed by the Caregiver Burden Inventory...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746531/effective-tobacco-control-measures-agreement-among-medical-students
#2
Stella Regina Martins, Renato Batista Paceli, Marco Antônio Bussacos, Frederico Leon Arrabal Fernandes, Gustavo Faibischew Prado, Elisa Maria Siqueira Lombardi, Mário Terra-Filho, Ubiratan Paula Santos
Objective: To determine the level of agreement with effective tobacco control measures recommended by the World Health Organization and to assess the attitudes toward, knowledge of, and beliefs regarding smoking among third-year medical students at University of São Paulo School of Medicine, located in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Between 2008 and 2012, all third-year medical students were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire based on the Global Health Professionals Student Survey and its additional modules...
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700018/peripheral-vascular-resistance-impairment-during-isometric-physical-exercise-in-normotensive-offspring-of-hypertensive-parents
#3
Natália Portela, Josária Ferraz Amaral, Pedro Augusto de Carvalho Mira, Livia Victorino de Souza, Daniel Godoy Martinez, Mateus Camaroti Laterza
Background: A family history of hypertension is associated with vascular and autonomic abnormalities, as well as an impaired neurohemodynamic response to exercise. Objective: To test the hypothesis that normotensive individuals with a family history of hypertension present an impaired peripheral vascular resistance response to exercise. Methods: The study included 37 normotensive volunteers of both sexes who were sedentary, eutrophic, and nonsmokers, comprising 23 with (FH+; 24 ± 3 years) and 14 without (FH-; 27 ± 5 years) a family history of hypertension...
July 10, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658364/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-human-brucellosis-in-livestock-professionals
#4
Franco Cazembe Mufinda, Fernando Boinas, Carla Nunes
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate the seroprevalence of human brucellosis in livestock professionals and analyze the factors associated with brucellosis focusing on sociodemographic variables and the variables of knowledge and practices related to the characteristics of the activities carried out in livestock. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional seroepidemiological study with a population of 131 workers of butchers, slaughter rooms, and slaughterhouse and 192 breeders sampled randomly in Namibe province, Angola...
June 22, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591352/depression-and-health-behaviors-in-brazilian-adults-pns-2013
#5
Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Renata Cruz Soares de Azevedo, Lhais Barbosa de Paula Medina, Claudia de Souza Lopes, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Deborah Carvalho Malta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of health-related behaviors according to presence and type of depression in Brazilian adults. METHODS: Based on a sample of 49,025 adults (18 to 59 years) from the National Survey on Health 2013 (PNS 2013), we estimated the prevalence of health-related behaviors (smoking; passive smoking; frequent or risky alcohol consumption; leisure time physical activity; time watching TV; and eating pattern indicators), according to the presence of depression (minor and major), evaluated by the Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 (PHQ-9), and the report of depressive mood (in up to seven days or more than seven days) over a two-week period...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591320/degree-of-agreement-between-cardiovascular-risk-stratification-tools
#6
Guilherme Thomé Garcia, Ana Maria Nunes de Faria Stamm, Ariel Córdova Rosa, Antônio Carlos Marasciulo, Rodrigo Conill Marasciulo, Cristian Battistella, Alexandre Augusto de Costa Remor
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil, and primary prevention care may be guided by risk stratification tools. The Framingham (FRS) and QRISK-2 (QRS) risk scores estimate 10-year overall cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic individuals, but the instrument of choice may lead to different therapeutic strategies. Objective: To evaluate the degree of agreement between FRS and QRS in 10-year overall cardiovascular risk stratification in disease-free individuals...
May 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562799/promoting-oral-care-in-the-preschool-child-effects-of-a-playful-learning-intervention
#7
Cecília Helena de Siqueira Sigaud, Bruna Rodrigues Dos Santos, Priscila Costa, Aurea Tamami Minagawa Toriyama
Objective: To compare the number of appropriate behaviors for tooth brushing before and after a playful learning intervention with preschool children. Method: A quasi-experimental, quantitative, before and after study design was conducted in an early childhood educational institution, with children between three and five years of age. The intervention consisted of three meetings with educational activities about tooth brushing, whose outcome was evaluated by means of observation of ten behaviors suitable for tooth brushing...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403336/attitude-and-knowledge-about-foot-health-a-spanish-view
#8
Daniel López-López, Ricardo García-Mira, Patricia Palomo-López, Rubén Sánchez-Gómez, José Ramos-Galván, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, Matilde García-Sánchez
Objective: to explore attitudes towards patients' self-reported data about foot health-related beliefs from a behavioural and attitudinal perspective. Methods: a sample of 282 participants of a mean age of 39.46 ± 16.026 came to a health centre where self-reported demographic, clinical characteristics and beliefs relating to foot health data were registered, informants' completed all the stages of the research process. Results: the results of the analysis revealed an 8-factor factorial structure based on (1) podiatric behaviours, (2) the intention to carry out protective behaviour, (3) attitudinal beliefs, (4) normative beliefs, (5) needs, (6) apathy, (7) self-care, and (8) the general perception of foot health...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355338/social-and-behavior-change-communication-in-the-fight-against-malaria-in-mozambique
#9
Jorge Alexandre Harrison Arroz
Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets and/or indoor residual spraying, associated with case management, are key interventions in the control of malaria in Africa. The objective of this study is to comment on the role of social and behavior change communication as a potential key intervention in the control of malaria in Mozambique. RESUMO As redes mosquiteiras impregnadas com insecticidade de longa duração e/ou pulverização intra-domiciliária, associada ao manejo de casos são intervenções-chave no controlo da malária em África...
March 23, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300965/collective-strategy-for-facing-occupational-risks-of-a-nursing-team
#10
Marli Maria Loro, Regina Célia Gollner Zeitoune
OBJECTIVE: To socialize an educational action through the process of group discussion and reflection, with the aim to increase the care of nursing workers in facing occupational risks. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study using the Convergent Care Research modality with nursing staff working in an emergency department of a hospital in the northwest region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data collection was carried out through educational workshops and information was processed using content analysis, resulting in two thematic categories: A look at the knowledge and practices about occupational risks in nursing; and adherence to protective measures by the nursing team against occupational risks...
March 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287193/medico-legal-notes-for-a-new-set-of-standards-in-the-assessment-of-penal-liability-in-psychiatry
#11
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Raffaella Rinaldi, Giuseppe Bersani, Enrico Marinelli
Negligence liability on the part of a psychiatrist belongs among high-complexity fields, for both the judge and his or her technical consultants. In most instances, there are no scientific grounds in order to ascribe with reasonable certainty liability to medical personnel and nursing staff, while often judges tend to stretch the concept of “protection” to a degree to which the psychiatrist is deemed to have a legal obligation to stave off the development of any adverse consequence which psychic distress may bring upon the patient...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287192/-libero-arbitrio-neuroscienze-e-scelta-verso-un-modello-basato-sulla-capacit%C3%A3-decisionale-per-la-valutazione-dell-imputabilit%C3%A3
#12
Giovanna Parmigiani, Gabriele Mandarelli, Gerben Meynen, Lorenzo Tarsitani, Massimo Biondi, Stefano Ferracuti
RIASSUNTO. Il libero arbitrio è stato spesso considerato una tematica centrale nella dottrina della responsabilità criminale. Ciononostante, il concetto stesso di libero arbitrio presenta intrinseche problematiche nella sua definizione teorica e applicazione pratica in un contesto clinico/forense ed è intensamente dibattuto. Nello specifico, l'esistenza stessa del libero arbitrio è stata recentemente posta in discussione anche sulla base di alcune evidenze sperimentali neuroscientifiche. Questo dibattito ha implicazioni significative in quei campi in cui l'associazione tra libertà di scelta è comportamento costituisce il focus di interesse, quali la psichiatria forense...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198959/intraoperative-body-temperature-control-esophageal-thermometer-versus-infrared-tympanic-thermometer
#13
Vanessa de Brito Poveda, Ariane de Souza Nascimento
OBJECTIVE: To verify the correlation between temperature measurements performed using an infrared tympanic thermometer and an esophageal thermometer during the intraoperative period. METHOD: A longitudinal study of repeated measures was performed including subjects aged 18 years or older undergoing elective oncologic surgery of the digestive system, with anesthesia duration of at least 1 hour. Temperature measurements were performed simultaneously by a calibrated esophageal thermometer and by a calibrated infrared tympanic thermometer, with laboratory reading precision of ±0...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146179/toward-advanced-nursing-practice-along-with-people-centered-care-partnership-model-for-sustainable-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#14
Tomoko Kamei, Keiko Takahashi, Junko Omori, Naoko Arimori, Michiko Hishinuma, Kiyomi Asahara, Yoko Shimpuku, Kumiko Ohashi, Junko Tashiro
Objective: this study developed a people-centered care (PCC) partnership model for the aging society to address the challenges of social changes affecting people's health and the new role of advanced practice nurses to sustain universal health coverage. Method: a people-centered care partnership model was developed on the basis of qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature and assessment of 14 related projects. The ongoing projects resulted in individual and social transformation by improving community health literacy and behaviors using people-centered care and enhancing partnership between healthcare providers and community members through advanced practice nurses...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076600/use-of-cuff-tear-arthroplasty-head-prosthesis-for-rotator-cuff-arthropathy-treatment-in-elderly-patients-with-comorbidities
#15
Cassiano Diniz Carvalho, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman
Objective: To evaluate the clinical and functional behavior of patients undergoing cuff tear arthroplasty at different stages of the disease. Methods: Cuff tear arthroplasty hemiarthroplasties were performed in 34 patients with rotator cuff arthropathy and associated comorbidities, classified according to Seebauer. The mean age was 76.3 years, and the sample comprised 23 females (67.6%) and 11 males (32.4%). The mean follow-up period was 21.7 months, and evaluations were performed using the Visual Analog Scale for pain and the Constant scale...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076591/urban-versus-rural-lifestyle-in-adolescents-associations-between-environment-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-behavior
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes Dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas
Objective: To analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076472/evaluation-of-lymphatic-spread-visceral-metastasis-and-tumoral-local-invasion-in-esophageal-carcinomas
#17
Francisco Tustumi, Cintia Mayumi Sakurai Kimura, Flavio Roberto Takeda, Rubens Antônio Aissar Sallum, Ulysses Ribeiro-Junior, Ivan Cecconello
Background: Knowing esophageal tumors behavior in relationship to lymph node involvement, distant metastases and local tumor invasion is of paramount importance for the best esophageal tumors management. Aim: To describe lymph node involvement, distant metastases, and local tumor invasion in esophageal carcinoma, according to tumor topography and histology. Methods: A total of 444 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and 105 adenocarcinoma were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992034/electrocardiogram-performance-in-the-diagnosis-of-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-hypertensive-patients-with-left-bundle-branch-block
#18
Paula Freitas Martins Burgos, Bráulio Luna Filho, Francisco de Assis Costa, Maria Teresa Nogueira Bombig, Dilma de Souza, Henrique Tria Bianco, Japy Angelini Oliveira Filho, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Izar, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Rui Póvoa
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an important risk factor for cardiovascular events, and its detection usually begins with an electrocardiogram (ECG). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB) in hypertensive patients in the diagnostic performance of LVH by ECG. METHODS: A total of 2,240 hypertensive patients were studied. All of them were submitted to an ECG and an echocardiogram (ECHO)...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982381/national-survey-on-access-use-and-promotion-of-rational-use-of-medicines-pnaum-household-survey-component-methods
#19
Sotero Serrate Mengue, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Alexandra Crispim Boing, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Vera Lucia Luiza, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Aluísio Jardim Dornellas de Barros
OBJECTIVE: To describe methodological aspects of the household survey National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM) related to sampling design and implementation, the actual obtained sample, instruments and fieldwork. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study with probability sampling in three stages of the population living in households located in Brazilian urban areas. Fieldwork was carried out between September 2013 and February 2014...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982380/access-to-and-use-of-high-blood-pressure-medications-in-brazil
#20
Sotero Serrate Mengue, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Vera Lucia Luiza, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the access to and use of medicines for high blood pressure among the Brazilian population according to social and demographic conditions. METHODS: Analysis of data from Pesquisa Nacional Sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a nationwide cross-sectional, population-based study, with probability sampling, carried out between September 2013 and February 2014 in urban households in the five Brazilian regions...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
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