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Luiz Carlos Corrêa da Silva, Alberto José de Araújo, Ângela Maria Dias de Queiroz, Maria da Penha Uchoa Sales, Maria Vera Cruz de Oliveira Castellano
Smoking is the most preventable and controllable health risk. Therefore, all health care professionals should give their utmost attention to and be more focused on the problem of smoking. Tobacco is a highly profitable product, because of its large-scale production and great number of consumers. Smoking control policies and treatment resources for smoking cessation have advanced in recent years, showing highly satisfactory results, particularly in Brazil. However, there is yet a long way to go before smoking can be considered a controlled disease from a public health standpoint...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Ana Luiza d'Ávila Viana, Hudson Pacifico da Silva, Nelson Ibañez, Fabíola Lana Iozzi
Technological innovations play a decisive role in societies' development by contributing to economic growth and the population's welfare. The state has a key role in this process by inducing innovative behavior, strategies, and decisions. This study addresses Brazil's current policy for development of the health industry and its effects on qualification of national public laboratories by contextualizing different cycles of interaction between health policy and the industrial base, discussing the government's development strategy and the transfer and absorption of health technology (through Industrial Development Partnerships), and presenting two current partnerships involving public laboratories in the production of medicines and vaccines...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Paulo Bastos Tigre, Caio Victor Machado França do Nascimento, Laís Silveira Costa
The Brazilian pharmaceutical industry is heavily dependent on external sources of inputs, capital, and technology. However, the emergence of technological opportunities and the development of biotechnology and the decline of the patent boom and resulting advances by generic drugs have opened windows of opportunities for the local industry. The article examines the Brazilian industry's innovative behavior vis-à-vis these opportunities, showing that although the industry as a whole invests little in innovation, a few large Brazilian companies have expanded their market share and stepped up their investments in research and development, supported by public policies for innovation...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Cheila Aparecida Bevilaqua, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Sonia Silva Marcon
Objective: to ascertain the effectiveness of an intervention program in relation to anthropometric measurements and stage of readiness for behavioral change in women with excess weight. Methods: the intervention group (IG) was made up of 13 women, and the control group (CG), by 20. The intervention lasted 16 weeks, and included the practice of guided physical activity three times a week, and health education once a week. The application of the questionnaire on stage of readiness for behavioral change, and the anthropometric evaluations, were undertaken at two points - before and after the period of intervention...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Roberta Meneses Oliveira, Lucilane Maria Sales da Silva, Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes, Adriana Catarina de Souza Oliveira, Rosario Gómez Sánchez, Raimundo Augusto Martins Torres
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the concept of disruptive behavior in healthcare work. METHOD: An integrative review carried out in the theoretical phase of a qualitative research substantiated by the theoretical framework of the Hybrid Model of Concept Development. The search for articles was conducted in the CINAHL, LILACS, PsycINFO, PubMed and SciVerse Scopus databases in 2013. RESULTS: 70 scientific articles answered the guiding question and lead to attributes of disruptive behavior, being: incivility, psychological violence and physical/sexual violence; with their main antecedents (intrapersonal, interpersonal and organizational) being: personality characteristics, stress and work overload; and consequences of: workers' moral/mental distress, compromised patient safety, labor loss, and disruption of communication, collaboration and teamwork...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Silvia Helena Henriques Camelo, Ana Lúcia de Assis Simões, Lucieli Dias Pedreschi Chaves
OBJECTIVE: To identify, within a multidisciplinary team, the facilitating and hindering aspects for teamwork in a coronary care unit. METHOD: A descriptive study, with qualitative and quantitative data, was carried out in the coronary care unit of a public hospital. The study population consisted of professionals working in the unit for at least one year. Those who were on leave or who were not located were excluded. The critical incident technique was used for data collection, by means of semi-structured interviews...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Marisa Furtado Mozini Cardim, Marluci Monteiro Guirado, Margareth Regina Dibo, Francisco Chiaravalloti
OBJECTIVE: To perform both space and space-time evaluations of visceral leishmaniasis in humans in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The population considered in the study comprised autochthonous cases of visceral leishmaniasis and deaths resulting from it in Sao Paulo, between 1999 and 2013. The analysis considered the western region of the state as its studied area. Thematic maps were created to show visceral leishmaniasis dissemination in humans in the municipality...
August 11, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
Mariana Angela Rossaneis, Maria do Carmo Fernandez Lourenço Haddad, Thaís Aidar de Freitas Mathias, Sonia Silva Marcon
OBJECTIVE: to investigate differences with regard to foot self-care and lifestyle between men and women with diabetes mellitus. METHOD: cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of 1,515 individuals with diabetes mellitus aged 40 years old or older. Poisson regression models were used to identity differences in foot self-care deficit and lifestyle between sexes, adjusting for socioeconomic and clinical characteristics, smoking and alcohol consumption. RESULTS: foot self-care deficit, characterized by not regularly drying between toes; not regularly checking feet; walking barefoot; poor hygiene and inappropriately trimmed nails, was significantly higher among men, though men presented a lower prevalence of feet scaling and use of inappropriate shoes when compared to women...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Márcia Stefânia Ribeiro Macêdo, Sônia Cristina Lima Chaves, Antônio Luis de Carvalho Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the investments to implement and operational costs of a type I Oral Health Care Team in the Family Health Care Strategy. METHODS: This is an economic assessment study, for analyzing the investments and operational costs of an oral health care team in the city of Salvador, BA, Northeastern Brazil. The amount worth of investments for its implementation was obtained by summing up the investments in civil projects and shared facilities, in equipments, furniture, and instruments...
July 21, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
Paolo Blanco Villela, Carlos Henrique Klein, Gláucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular and hypertensive diseases are among the main causes of death worldwide. However, there are limited data about the trends of these diseases over the years. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the temporal trends in mortality rates and proportional mortality from cerebrovascular and hypertensive diseases according to sex and age in Brazil between 1980 and 2012. METHODS: We evaluated the underlying causes of death between 1980 and 2012 in both sexes and by age groups for circulatory diseases (CD), cerebrovascular diseases (CBVD), and hypertensive diseases (HD)...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Claudio Imperatori, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore, Viviana Vumbaca, Marco Innamorati, Anna Contardi, Benedetto Farina
RIASSUNTO. Il costrutto della "Food Addiction" (FA) è stato introdotto negli ultimi anni per meglio comprendere i pattern alimentari disfunzionali osservati nei pazienti obesi e in sovrappeso e nei pazienti con disturbi del comportamento alimentare (DCA). Nonostante i numerosi parallelismi tra la dipendenza da sostanze e la FA, non c'è ancora accordo nel considerare la FA come un indipendente DCA né un concetto utile. L'obiettivo della presente rassegna è stato quello di riassumere i dati disponibili al fine di aumentare le conoscenze su: 1) definizione, misurazione e caratteristiche generali della FA; 2) prevalenza della FA in campioni clinici e non clinici...
March 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Federica Pinna, Claudia Sardu, Walter Orrù, Fernanda Velluzzi, Andrea Loviselli, Paolo Contu, Bernardo Carpiniello
AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between obesity and socio-demographic and psychopathological variables in a clinical sample of patients referred to a center for the diagnosis and treatment of obesity, compared with a homogeneous sample of normal-weight subjects. METHODS: In the context of a research project regarding obesity and psychopathology, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between obesity and the demographic and clinical variables, on the basis of the dataset of a consecutive sample of 293 obese patients (48 males, 245 females, mean age: 45...
January 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Camila de Souza Carneiro, Ana Paula Dias de Oliveira, Juliana de Lima Lopes, Maria Márcia Bachion, T Heather Herdman, Sue A Moorhead, Alba Lúcia Bottura Leite de Barros
OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of an outpatient nursing education clinic caring for people with chronic heart failure. EXPERIENCE REPORT: In this service, qualified "listening," recreational educational actions about the disease and its treatment are conducted, based on the interventions from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC), as well as the evaluation of self-care behaviors with the outcomes from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC). This article describes the practice of health education activities and the use of NANDA-I-NIC-NOC in a nursing clinic...
January 2016: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
Lavinia De Chiara, Giulia Serra, Alexia Emilia Koukopoulos, Athanasios Koukopoulos, Gino Serra
We have recently reported that memantine has a clinically relevant antimanic and long-lasting mood-stabilizing effect in treatment- resistant bipolar disorders, both as augmenting agent and as a monotherapy. Moreover, we observed an acute antimanic and sustained mood-stabilizing effect also in "naïve" bipolar type I disorder. Here we report a case history of a young woman suffering from bipolar type II mood disorder, associated with a very severe eating disorder, showing an acute antimanic and a long-term prophylactic effect of memantine on bipolar disorder and comorbid eating disorder...
July 2014: Rivista di Psichiatria
Paula C Neves, Rui Paixão, Madalena Alarcão, A Duarte Gomes
The present study examines the psychometric properties (including factorial validity) of an organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) scale in a school context. A total of 321 middle and high school teachers from 59 schools in urban and rural areas of central Portugal completed the OCB scale at their schools. The confirmatory factor analysis validated a hierarchical model with four latent factors on the first level (altruism, conscientiousness, civic participation and courtesy) and a second order factor (OCB)...
2014: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Janaina Caldeira Pereira, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, smoking, physical inactivity, excessive use of alcohol, inadequate diet, and central obesity) and investigate the association of these factors with health self-evaluation after adjustment for sociodemographic features and clinical diagnosis of diabetes and ischemic heart disease. METHODS: We studied 9 211 Brazilians with age between 30 and 69 years, residents of 16 state capitals, included in a cross-sectional population-based study carried out by the Ministry of Health (Inquérito Domiciliar sobre Comportamentos de Risco e Morbidade Referida de Doenças e Agravos Não Transmissíveis, 2002-2003)...
June 2009: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Alessandra Turini Bolsoni-Silva, Edna Maria Marturano, Sonia Regina Loureiro
Behavioral problems in preschool children are one of the most frequent motives for seeking psychological care by parents and caregivers. Instruments are considered necessary, created from a Social Skills Training theoretical-practical perspective, which may systematically assist the identification of social skills and behavioral deficits, helping professionals in the prevention and/or reduction of behavioral problems. The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric validity and reliability of an instrument for evaluation of Socially Skilled Responses, from a teacher's perspective (QRSH-PR)...
May 2009: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Janaina Caldeira Pereira, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Valéria Maria A Passos
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, population-based information on risk factors and their relationship with cardiovascular diseases in the elderly is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and clustering of risk factors and investigate their association with ischemic heart disease (IHD) in elderly people. METHODS: All subjects > or = 60 years of age participating in the "Inquérito domiciliar sobre comportamentos de risco e morbidade referida de doenças e agravos não transmissíveis" (Household Survey on Risk Behaviors and Reported Morbidity of Non Transmissible Diseases and Health Conditions) carried out by the Ministry of Health, in 2002/2003 in 15 capitals and the Federal District were included...
July 2008: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
João Claudio Todorov
Science and Human Behavior was translated to Portuguese as part of the effort to begin a psychology course at the University of Brasília 40 years ago; one of the many results of the first visit of Fred S. Keller to Brazil. The book has been used continuously in undergraduate courses in Brazil since 1967.
November 2003: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
R Cordeschi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1983: Storia e Critica Della Psicologia
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