keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oogenesis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146447/in-the-ovary-of-ciona-intestinalis-type-a-immune-related-galectin-and-phenoloxidase-genes-are-differentially-expressed-by-the-follicle-accessory-cells
#1
Daniela Parrinello, Maria Antonietta Sanfratello, Maria Giovanna Parisi, Aiti Vizzini, Matteo Cammarata
Riboprobes (in situ hybridization) and antibodies (immunohistochemistry), previously used to show the upregulation of Ciona intestinalis (Type A) galectins (CiLgals-a, CiLgals-b) and phenoloxidase (CinPO2) immune-related genes, were tested on histological sections of the ovary. The ovarian follicles are composed of oocytes encased by follicular cells (FCs) and test cells (TCs). Results show the transcription upregulation of both CiLgals and CinPO2 genes in the vitellogenic FCs, conversely distinct cytolocalization of the proteins are shown...
November 13, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133999/a-review-of-the-occurrence-and-diversity-of-the-sphragis-in-butterflies-lepidoptera-papilionoidea
#2
REVIEW
Ana Paula S Carvalho, Albert G Orr, Akito Y Kawahara
Males of many butterfly species secrete long-lasting mating plugs to prevent their mates from copulating with other males, thus ensuring their sperm will fertilize all future eggs laid. Certain species have further developed a greatly enlarged, often spectacular, externalized plug, termed a sphragis. This distinctive structure results from complex adaptations in both male and female genitalia and is qualitatively distinct from the amorphous, internal mating plugs of other species. Intermediate conditions between internal plug and external sphragis are rare...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126983/yeast-like-microorganisms-in-the-scale-insect-kermes-quercus-insecta-hemiptera-coccomorpha-kermesidae-newly-acquired-symbionts
#3
Elżbieta Podsiadło, Katarzyna Michalik, Anna Michalik, Teresa Szklarzewicz
Scale insects, like other plant sap-consumers, are host to symbiotic microorganisms which provide them with the substances missing from their diet. In contrast to most scale insects, Kermes quercus (Linnaeus) was regarded as asymbiotic. Our histological and ultrastructural observations show that in the body of the feeding stages of K. quercus collected in two locations (Warsaw and Cracow), numerous yeast-like microorganisms occur. These microorganisms were localized in the cytoplasm of fat body cells. The yeast-like microorganisms were observed neither in other organs of host insect nor in the eggs...
November 7, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106969/electrotransfer-of-single-chain-lh-gene-into-skeletal-muscle-induces-early-ovarian-development-of-orange-spotted-grouper-epinephelus-coioides
#4
Wuhong Lv, Pengxin Jiang, Wenqiang Wang, Xiaotong Wang, Kai Wang, Linrui Chang, Yan Fang, Jun Chen
Luteinizing hormone (LH) plays important roles in regulating steroidogenesis and reproductive development of vertebrates. In the present paper, we study function of LH on early ovarian development of orange-spotted grouper by electrotransfer of single-chain LH gene into skeletal muscle for the first time. Short-term and long-term injection experiments were performed in this work, respectively. For short-term injection experiments, fish received one electrotransfer with the plasmid in skeletal muscle, then blood and muscle around the injected area were sampled 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after the injection, mRNA expression levels of LH gene relative to 18S were determined by quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR) assays and serum 17β-estradiol (E2) levels were quantified by ELISA method...
October 26, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082368/impact-of-age-on-semen-parameters-in-male-partners-of-infertile-couples-in-a-rural-tertiary-care-center-of-central-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Naina Kumar, Amit K Singh, Ajay R Choudhari
BACKGROUND: High rates of sub-fertility and adverse pregnancy outcomes were seen after age 40. In contrast to oogenesis, spermatogenesis continues in elderly men. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively study the impact of aging on semen parameters in male partners of infertile couples in the rural area of developing country over 10 years and to find out whether aging affects male factor fertility and various semen parameters in this part of developing country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross sectional study, the laboratory semen analysis records of 1219 male partners of infertile couples of a rural tertiary care center of Central India in a 10-year period from January 2005 to December 2014 were evaluated into 5 groups based on men age: Group 1: 21-28 yr (n=57); group 2: 29-35 yr (n=450); group 3: 36-42 yr (n=532); group 4: 43-49 yr (n=165), and group 5: 50-60 yr (n=15)...
August 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076541/oogenesis-in-the-viviparous-phoronid-phoronis-embryolabi
#6
Elena N Temereva
The study of gametogenesis is useful for phylogenetic analysis and can also provide insight into the physiology and biology of species. This report describes oogenesis in the Phoronis embryolabi, a newly described species, which has an unusual type of development, that is, a viviparity of larvae. Phoronid oogonia are described here for the first time. Yolk formation is autoheterosynthetic. Heterosynthesis occurs in the peripheral cytoplasm via fusion of endocytosic vesicles. Simultaneously, the yolk is formed autosynthetically by rough endoplasmic reticulum in the central cytoplasm...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056490/nucleus-positioning-within-drosophila-egg-chamber
#7
REVIEW
Fred Bernard, Jean-Antoine Lepesant, Antoine Guichet
Both types of Drosophila egg chamber germ cells, i.e. oocyte and nurse cells, have to control their nucleus positions in order to produce a viable gamete. Interestingly, while actin microfilaments are crucial to position the nuclei in nurse cells, these are the microtubules that are important for oocyte nucleus to migrate and adopt the correct position. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms underlying these positioning processes in the two cell types with respect to the organization and dynamics of the actin and microtubule skeleton...
October 19, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054547/expression-profile-of-rhipicephalus-microplus-vitellogenin-receptor-during-oogenesis
#8
Adriana Seixas, María Fernanda Alzugaray, Lucas Tirloni, Luis Fernando Parizi, Antonio Frederico Michel Pinto, Naftaly Wang'ombe Githaka, Satoru Konnai, Kazuhiko Ohashi, John R Yates Iii, Carlos Termignoni, Itabajara da Silva Vaz
The vitellogenin receptor (VgR), which belongs to the low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDLR) family, regulates the absorption of yolk protein accumulated in developing oocytes during oogenesis. In the present study, the full sequence of Rhipicephalus microplus VgR (RmVgR) and the partial sequence of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus VgR (RaVgR) ORF were determined and cloned. The RmVgR amino acid sequence contains the five highly conserved structural motifs characteristic of LDLR superfamily members, the same overall structure as observed in other species...
October 16, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051194/haploid-selection-favours-suppressed-recombination-between-sex-chromosomes-despite-causing-biased-sex-ratios
#9
Michael F Scott, Sarah P Otto
To date, research on the evolution of sex chromosomes has focused on sexually antagonistic selection among diploids, which has been shown to be a potent driver of the strata and reduced recombination that characterize many sex chromosomes. However, significant selection can also occur on haploid genotypes during less conspicuous life cycle stages, e.g., competition among sperm/pollen or meiotic drive during gamete/spore production. These haploid selective processes are typically sex-specific, e.g., gametic/gametophytic competition typically occurs among sperm/pollen and meiotic drive typically occurs during either spermatogenesis or oogenesis...
October 19, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044429/dynamic-expression-of-long-noncoding-rnas-reveals-their-potential-roles-in-spermatogenesis-and-fertility
#10
Lauren Wichman, Saigopal Somasundaram, Christine Breindel, Dana M Valerio, John R McCarrey, Craig A Hodges, Ahmad M Khalil
Mammalian reproduction requires that males and females produce functional haploid germ cells through complex cellular differentiation processes known as spermatogenesis and oogenesis, respectively. While numerous studies have functionally characterized protein-coding genes and small noncoding RNAs (microRNAs and piRNAs) that are essential for gametogenesis, the roles of regulatory long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are yet to be fully characterized. Previously, we and others have demonstrated that intergenic regions of the mammalian genome encode thousands of long noncoding RNAs, and many studies have now demonstrated their critical roles in key biological processes...
August 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038546/oyster-reproduction-is-compromised-by-acidification-experienced-seasonally-in-coastal-regions
#11
Myrina Boulais, Kyle John Chenevert, Ashley Taylor Demey, Elizabeth S Darrow, Madison Raine Robison, John Park Roberts, Aswani Volety
Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations have been rising during the past century, leading to ocean acidification (OA). Coastal and estuarine habitats experience annual pH variability that vastly exceeds the magnitude of long-term projections in open ocean regions. Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) reproduction season coincides with periods of low pH occurrence in estuaries, thus we investigated effects of moderate (pH 7.5, pCO2 2260 µatm) and severe OA (pH 7.1, pCO2 5584 µatm; and 6.7, pCO2 18480 µatm) on oyster gametogenesis, fertilization, and early larval development successes...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031909/the-retromer-subunit-vps26-mediates-notch-signaling-during-drosophila-oogenesis
#12
Rebecca Starble, Nancy J Pokrywka
During endocytosis, molecules are internalized by the cell through the invagination of the plasma membrane. Endocytosis is required for proper cell function and for normal development in Drosophila. One component of the endocytic pathway is the retromer complex, which recycles transmembrane proteins to other parts of the cell such as the plasma membrane and the trans-Golgi network. Previous studies have shown that mutations to the retromer complex result in developmental defects in Drosophila. In humans, retromer dysfunction has been implicated in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, but little is known about the role of the retromer complex in Drosophila oogenesis...
October 11, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027601/dnmt1-dnmt3a-and-dnmt3b-proteins-are-differently-expressed-in-mouse-oocytes-and-early-embryos
#13
Fatma Uysal, Saffet Ozturk, Gokhan Akkoyunlu
DNA methylation is one of the epigenetic mechanisms and plays important roles during oogenesis and early embryo development in mammals. DNA methylation is basically known as adding a methyl group to the fifth carbon atom of cytosine residues within cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) and non-CpG dinucleotide sites. This mechanism is composed of two main processes: de novo methylation and maintenance methylation, both of which are catalyzed by specific DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) enzymes. To date, six different DNMTs have been characterized in mammals defined as DNMT1, DNMT2, DNMT3A, DNMT3B, DNMT3C, and DNMT3L...
December 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024517/germ-cell-migration-proliferation-and-differentiation-during-gonadal-morphogenesis-in-all-female-japanese-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#14
Yang Yang, Qinghua Liu, Yongshuang Xiao, Xueying Wang, Hao An, Zongcheng Song, Feng You, Yanfeng Wang, Daoyuan Ma, Jun Li
In this study, all genetic female(XX)broods of Japanese flounder were produced artificially by mating the females with sex-reversed males. The proliferation and migration of primordial germ cells (PGCs), formation of ovary and oogenesis were described in detail. After hatching, around 20 individual PGCs migrated from the lateral to the dorsal of trunk region. At 15 days post hatching (dph), a part of PGCs were covered by a single layer somatic cells and formed the genital ridge. By 22 dph, the elongated gonadal primordia appeared under the ventral kidney, where the PGCs were totally enclosed by somatic cells...
October 10, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988659/dynamics-of-oogenesis-in-ghost-shrimp-callichirus-major-crustacea-axiidea-a-morphofunctional-and-histochemical-study
#15
Tugstênio L Souza, Adriane A Braga, Laura S López-Greco, Erika T Nunes
Callichirus major, popularly known as ghost shrimp, is a species of great importance in the fishing industry, because of its use as live bait. This study aimed to describe the different stages of the developing ovaries in C. major. Shrimps were collected along the Corujão beach, Piuma, Brazil (20°50'41.6"S 40°44'15.7"W), and the gonads were dissected for histological and histochemical analysis. The ovary consists of two elongated filaments covered by a connective tissue that divides the organ into lobules, where somatic and germ cells are found...
October 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987646/molecular-cloning-and-expression-of-octamer-binding-transcription-factor-oct4-in-the-large-yellow-croaker-larimichthys-crocea
#16
Yonghua Jiang, Kunhuang Han, Shihai Chen, Mingyi Cai, Yilei Wang, Ziping Zhang
Octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4) is a crucial pluripotent transcription factor in controlling pluripotency of embryonic stem cells (ESCs), formation of primordial germ cells (PGCs), early embryonic development, and gonadal germ cells. To understand the roles of Oct4 in the large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) (Lc-Oct4), the full-length cDNA of Oct4 was cloned and analyzed. Lc-Oct4 includes a 104-bp 5' untranslated region (UTR), a 567-bp 3' UTR and a 1431-bp coding region encoding a protein of 476 amino acids (aa) with a predicted molecular mass (Mm) of 52...
October 4, 2017: Gene Expression Patterns: GEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980230/avian-egg-and-egg-coat
#17
Hiroki Okumura
An ovulated egg of vertebrates is surrounded by unique extracellular matrix, the egg coat or zona pellucida, playing important roles in fertilization and early development. The vertebrate egg coat is composed of two to six zona pellucida (ZP) glycoproteins that are characterized by the evolutionarily conserved ZP-domain module and classified into six subfamilies based on phylogenetic analyses. Interestingly, investigations of biochemical and functional features of the ZP glycoproteins show that the roles of each ZP-glycoprotein family member in the egg-coat formation and the egg-sperm interactions seemingly vary across vertebrates...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976982/role-of-uhrf1-in-de-novo-dna-methylation-in-oocytes-and-maintenance-methylation-in-preimplantation-embryos
#18
Shoji Maenohara, Motoko Unoki, Hidehiro Toh, Hiroaki Ohishi, Jafar Sharif, Haruhiko Koseki, Hiroyuki Sasaki
The methylation of cytosine at CG sites in the mammalian genome is dynamically reprogrammed during gametogenesis and preimplantation development. It was previously shown that oocyte-derived DNMT1 (a maintenance methyltransferase) is essential for maintaining and propagating CG methylation at imprinting control regions in preimplantation embryos. In mammalian somatic cells, hemimethylated-CG-binding protein UHRF1 plays a critical role in maintaining CG methylation by recruiting DNMT1 to hemimethylated CG sites...
October 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974923/drosophila-exoribonuclease-nibbler-is-a-tumor-suppressor-acts-within-the-rna-i-machinery-and-is-not-enriched-in-the-nuage-during-early-oogenesis
#19
Casimiro Castillejo-López, Xiaoli Cai, Khalid Fahmy, Stefan Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: micro RNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of many biological pathways. A plethora of steps are required to form, from a precursor, the mature miRNA that eventually acts on its target RNA to repress its expression or to inhibit translation. Recently, Drosophila nibbler (nbr) has been shown to be an important player in the maturation process of miRNA and piRNA. Nbr is an exoribonuclease which helps to shape the 3' end of miRNAs by trimming the 3' overhang to a final length...
2018: Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960386/diethylstilbestrol-impaired-oogenesis-of-yellow-catfish-juveniles-through-disrupting-hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-axis-and-germ-cell-development
#20
Yaqin Wang, Yingwen Li, Qiliang Chen, Zhihao Liu
Diethylstilbestrol (DES), a non-steroidal estrogen, has been found to cause altered germ cell development and disordered ovarian development in fish females. However, the mechanisms that might be involved are poorly understood. In this study, female juveniles of yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) (120 days post-hatching) were exposed to two doses (10 and 100 ng l(-1) ) of DES for 28 days. After the endpoint of exposure, decreased ovary weight and gonadosomatic index, as well as various ovarian impairments were observed in response to DES...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
keyword
keyword
3454
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"