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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811617/cell-surface-binding-uptaking-and-anticancer-activity-of-l-k6-a-lysine-leucine-rich-peptide-on-human-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells
#1
Che Wang, Shaodan Dong, Lin Zhang, Ying Zhao, Lili Huang, Xiange Gong, He Wang, Dejing Shang
Cell surface binding and internalization are critical for the specific targeting and biofunctions of some cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs) with anticancer activities. However, the detailed cellular process for CAPs interacting with cancer cells and the exact molecular basis for their anticancer effects are still far from being fully understood. In the present study, we examined the cell surface binding, uptaking and anti-cancer activity of L-K6, a lysine/leucine-rich CAP, in human MCF-7 breast cancer cells...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810875/role-of-iqgap3-in-metastasis-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
Yongjie Shi, Nan Qin, Qiang Zhou, Yanqiu Chen, Sicong Huang, Bo Chen, Gang Shen, Hongyun Jia
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide owing to its high rates of metastasis and recurrence. The oncogene IQ motif-containing GTPase activating protein 3 (IQGAP3) is ubiquitously overexpressed in several human cancers, including liver, ovary, lung, large intestine, gastric, bone marrow, and breast malignancies and is involved in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. Therefore, we aimed to determine the biological role and molecular mechanism of IQGAP3 in HCC...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810632/a-novel-antitumor-compound-nobiliside-d-isolated-from-sea-cucumber-holothuria-nobilis-selenka
#3
Jia-Jia Zhang, Ke-Qi Zhu
An anticancer compound, triterpene glycoside, was isolated from Holothuria nobilis Selenka. Its chemical structure and configuration were determined by two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The novel active compound was identified as nobiliside D, with the molecular formula C40H61O17SNa and chemical name 3-O-[-β-D-pyranosyl (1-2)-4'-O-sulfon-ate-β-D-xylopyranosyl]-alkoxy-9-ene-3β, 12α, 17α, 25β-4 alcohol. An antitumor test was performed using xCELLigence Real-Time Cell Analysis...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810579/microrna-375-targets-pax6-and-inhibits-the-viability-migration-and-invasion-of-human-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells
#4
Qiongyan Zou, Wenjun Yi, Jianghai Huang, Fenfen Fu, Gannong Chen, Dewu Zhong
MicroRNAs (miRs) are a type of small non-coding RNA that serve crucial roles in the development and progression of breast cancer. However, the exact role and underlying molecular mechanism of miR-375 in mediating the growth and metastasis of breast cancer remains unknown. In the present study, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were conducted to examine RNA and protein expression. A luciferase reporter assay was performed to determine the association between miR-375 and paired box 6 (PAX6)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810532/plga-ctab-curcumin-nanoparticles-fabrication-characterization-and-molecular-basis-of-anticancer-activity-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cell-lines-mda-mb-231-cells
#5
Ramovatar Meena, Sumit Kumar, Raj Kumar, Usha Singh Gaharwar, Paulraj Rajamani
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are aggressive cancers, which do not control by hormonal therapy or therapies that target HER-2 receptors. Curcumin (Cur) has shown cytotoxic effects in multiple cancer cell lines. However, its medical uses remain limited due to low aqueous solubility and poor bioavailability. Therefore, present study was aimed to fabricate the small positive charge curcumin nanoparticles (CN) by nanoprecipitation methods using PLGA and CTAB, and to evaluate its anticancer efficacy and underlying the mechanism in triple negative breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 cells)...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810530/caspase-dependent-and-caspase-independent-induction-of-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer-by-fucoidan-via-the-pi3k-akt-gsk3%C3%AE-pathway-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#6
Meilan Xue, Xinqiang Ji, Chuanxing Xue, Hui Liang, Yinlin Ge, Xinjia He, Li Zhang, Kang Bian, Lichen Zhang
Purpose Fucoidan, a complex, sulfated polysaccharide obtained from brown seaweed, exerted anticancer activity through the down-regulation of β-catenin signaling in mouse breast cancer cells in our previous study. This study examines the anti-cancer effects of fucoidan as well as its underlying molecular mechanisms in the human triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell line and in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced experimental mammary carcinogenesis in rats. Methods in vitro studies, fluorescent staining, flow cytometry and Western blotting were performed to analyze apoptosis and protein expression in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809778/reprimo-a-potential-p53-dependent-tumor-suppressor-gene-is-frequently-hypermethylated-in-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-positive-breast-cancer
#7
Kurt Buchegger, Ismael Riquelme, Tamara Viscarra, Carmen Ili, Priscilla Brebi, Tim Hui-Ming Huang, Juan Carlos Roa
Aberrant DNA methylation is a hallmark of many cancers. Currently, there are four intrinsic molecular subtypes in breast cancer (BC): Luminal A, B, Her2-positive, and triple negative (TNBC). Recently, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project has revealed that Luminal subtypes have higher levels of genome-wide methylation that may be a result of Estrogen/Estrogen receptor α (E2/ERα) signaling pathway activation. In this study, we analyze promoter CpG-island (CGIs) of the Reprimo (RPRM) gene in breast cancers (n = 77), cell lines (n = 38), and normal breast tissue (n = 10) using a MBDCap-seq database...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809058/acylated-iridoids-and-rhamnopyranoses-from-premna-odorata-lamiaceae-as-novel-mesenchymal-epithelial-transition-factor-receptor-inhibitors-for-the-control-of-breast-cancer
#8
Abeer H Elmaidomy, Mohamed M Mohyeldin, Mostafa M Ibrahim, Hossam M Hassan, Elham Amin, Mostafa E Rateb, Mona H Hetta, Khalid A El Sayed
Phytochemical investigation of Premna odorata Blanco, Lamiaceae, leaves afforded three new acylated iridoid glycosides 1-3 and two new acylated rhamnopyranoses 9 and 10, in addition to ten known compounds. The structures of the new compounds were confirmed using extensive 1D and 2D NMR analysis. Molecular modeling study suggested the potential of the acylated rhamnopyranoses to bind at the c-Met kinase domain. Cell-free Z'-LYTE™ assay testing revealed the good c-Met phosphorylation inhibitory activity of 9, followed by 8, and 10, with IC50 values of 2...
August 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808873/elevated-hu-antigen-receptor-hur-expression-is-associated-with-tumor-aggressiveness-and-poor-prognosis-but-not-with-cox-2-expression-in-invasive-breast-carcinoma-patients
#9
Constantinos Giaginis, Anastasia Sampani, Iolly Kotta-Loizou, Ioanna Giannopoulou, Eugene Danas, Ekaterini Politi, Gerasimos Tsourouflis, Gregorios Kouraklis, Efstratios Patsouris, Antonios Keramopoulos, Lydia Nakopoulou, Stamatios Theocharis
Hu-antigen R (HuR), a RNA-binding protein, is considered to play a crucial role in tumor development and progression by stabilizing or regulating a group of cellular mRNAs of cancer-related genes, such as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of HuR and COX-2 expression in invasive breast carcinoma. HuR and COX-2 protein expression was assessed immunohistochemically on paraffin-embedded breast cancer tissue sections obtained from 121 patients and was statistically analyzed with clinicopathological parameters, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), as well as with tumor cells' proliferative capacity and overall and disease-free patients' survival...
August 14, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808484/er%C3%AE-and-er%C3%AE-co-expression-an-indicator-of-aggressive-tumors-and-hormonal-sensitivity
#10
Mohamed Oueslati, Ilhem Bittaieb, Nadia Sassi, Awatef Ben Jemaa, Amor Gamoudi, Khaled Rahal, Ridha Oueslati
The estrogen receptors (ERs) ERα and ERβ are important factors in breast cancer progression. Nevertheless, the molecular interplay between ERα and ERβ and its clinical significance in breast cancer is controversial. The establishment of a clear association is required; therefore, the current study analyzed the expression patterns of ERα and ERβ in 32 breast tumor tissues using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Furthermore, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and the Ki-67 status were detected by immunohistochemistry...
August 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808311/antitumor-properties-of-coenzyme-q0-against-human-ovarian-carcinoma-cells-via-induction-of-ros-mediated-apoptosis-and-cytoprotective-autophagy
#11
You-Cheng Hseu, Tai-Jung Tsai, Mallikarjuna Korivi, Jer-Yuh Liu, Hui-Jye Chen, Chung-Ming Lin, Yi-Chun Shen, Hsin-Ling Yang
Coenzyme Q0 (CoQ0, 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone) has been reported to exert anticancer properties against human breast/lung cancer cells. This study investigated the in vitro and in vivo anticancer properties of CoQ0 on human ovarian carcinoma (SKOV-3) cells and xenografted nude mice, and revealed the underlying molecular mechanism. CoQ0 induced G2/M arrest through downregulation of cyclin B1/A and CDK1/K2 expressions. CoQ0-induced autophagy as a survival mechanism was evidenced by increased accumulation of LC3-II, GFP-LC3 puncta, AVOs formation and Beclin-1/Bcl-2 dysregulation...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808232/analysis-of-the-atr-chk1-and-atm-chk2-pathways-in-male-breast-cancer-revealed-the-prognostic-significance-of-atr-expression
#12
Anna Di Benedetto, Cristiana Ercolani, Marcella Mottolese, Francesca Sperati, Laura Pizzuti, Patrizia Vici, Irene Terrenato, Abeer M Shaaban, Matthew P Humphries, Luigi Di Lauro, Maddalena Barba, Ilio Vitale, Gennaro Ciliberto, Valerie Speirs, Ruggero De Maria, Marcello Maugeri-Saccà
The ATR-Chk1 and ATM-Chk2 pathways are central in DNA damage repair (DDR) and their over-activation may confer aggressive molecular features, being an adaptive response to endogenous DNA damage and oncogene-induced replication stress. Herein we investigated the ATR-Chk1 and ATM-Chk2 signalings in male breast cancer (MBC). The expression of DDR kinases (pATR, pATM, pChk1, pChk2, and pWee1) and DNA damage markers (pRPA32 and γ-H2AX) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 289 MBC samples to assess their association...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808045/fighting-tubulin-targeting-anticancer-drug-toxicity-and-resistance
#13
REVIEW
Roberta Visconti, Domenico Grieco
Tubulin-targeting drugs, like taxanes and vinca alkaloids, are among the most effective anticancer therapeutics used in the clinic today. Specifically, anti-microtubule cancer drugs (AMCDs) have proven to be effective in the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer and triple-negative breast cancer. AMCDs, however, have limiting toxicities that include neutropenia and neurotoxicity, and, in addition, tumor cells can become resistant to the drugs after long-term use. Co-targeting mitotic progression/slippage with inhibition of the protein kinases WEE1 and MYT1 that regulate CDK1 kinase activity may improve AMCD efficacy, reducing the acquisition of resistance by the tumor and side effects from the drug and/or its vehicle...
September 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807940/mitotic-vulnerability-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-associated-with-lin9-is-targetable-with-bet-inhibitors
#14
Jennifer M Sahni, Sylvia S Gayle, Bryan Webb, Kristen L Weber-Bonk, Darcie D Seachrist, Salendra Singh, Steven T Sizemore, Nicole A Restrepo, Gurkan Bebek, Peter Scacheri, Vinay Varadan, Matthew K Summers, Ruth A Keri
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are highly aggressive, lack FDA-approved targeted therapies, and frequently recur, making the discovery of novel therapeutic targets for this disease imperative. Our previous analysis of the molecular mechanisms of action of Bromodomain and extraterminal protein inhibitors (BETi) in TNBC revealed these drugs cause multinucleation, indicating BET proteins are essential for efficient mitosis and cytokinesis. Here, using live cell imaging, we show that BET inhibition prolonged mitotic progression and induced mitotic cell death, both of which are indicative of mitotic catastrophe...
August 14, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807874/docosahexaenoic-acid-increases-the-expression-of-oxidative-stress-induced-growth-inhibitor-1-through-the-pi3k-akt-nrf2-signaling-pathway-in-breast-cancer-cells
#15
Chia-Han Tsai, You-Cheng Shen, Haw-Wen Chen, Kai-Li Liu, Jer-Wei Chang, Pei-Yin Chen, Chen-Yu Lin, Hsien-Tsung Yao, Chien-Chun Li
Oxidative stress-induced growth inhibitor 1 (OSGIN1), a tumor suppressor, inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell death. N-6 and n-3 PUFAs protect against breast cancer, but the molecular mechanisms of this effect are not clear. We investigated the effect of n-6 and n-3 PUFAs on OSGIN1 expression and whether OSGIN1 is involved in PUFA-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells. We used 100 μM of n-6 PUFAs including arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, and gamma-linolenic acid and n-3 PUFAs including alpha-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)...
August 11, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807821/popdc1-is-suppressed-in-human-breast-cancer-tissues-and-is-negatively-regulated-by-egfr-in-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Johanna Ndamwena Amunjela, Steven John Tucker
Breast cancer molecular heterogeneity has resulted in disparities in therapeutic response and targeting of molecular subtypes of breast cancer. This necessitates identification and validation of novel therapeutic targets for breast cancer treatment. Suppression of Popeye domain-containing (POPDC) proteins is hypothesized to promote malignant cell behaviour and poor clinical outcomes in various cancers. We aimed to determine whether POPDC proteins are suppressed in human ductal carcinoma tissues and if this correlates to clinical progression and Her2 status...
August 11, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803043/structure-based-development-of-novel-triazoles-and-related-thiazolotriazoles-as-anticancer-agents-and-cdc25a-b-phosphatase-inhibitors-synthesis-in%C3%A2-vitro-biological-evaluation-molecular-docking-and-in-silico-adme-t-studies
#17
Sherif A F Rostom, Mona H Badr, Heba A Abd El Razik, Hayam M A Ashour
Synthesis of twenty nine new 1,2,4-triazoles and some derived thiazolothiadiazoles (structurally-relevant to some reported triazoles with anticancer and/or Cdc25A/B inhibitory activities) is described in this study. The obtained NCI's in vitro antitumor data revealed that five analogs (12, 15, 18, 19 and 22) displayed considerable tumor percentage growth inhibitory activity (GI%), among which the analog 18 possessed a special antitumor potential and spectrum. Additionally, the same five analogs showed a marginal GI effect on the normal breast epithelial cell line MCF-10A indicating higher selectivity towards cancer cells...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802125/novel-4-3-4-oxo-5-2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene-thiazolidin-2-ylidene-amino-benzenesulfonamides-synthesis-carbonic-anhydrase-inhibitory-activity-anticancer-activity-and-molecular-modelling-studies
#18
Wagdy M Eldehna, Mahmoud F Abo-Ashour, Alessio Nocentini, Paola Gratteri, Ibrahim H Eissa, Mohamed Fares, Omnia E Ismael, Hazem A Ghabbour, Mahmoud M Elaasser, Hatem A Abdel-Aziz, Claudiu T Supuran
Herein we report the synthesis of two series of novel 4/3-((4-oxo-5-(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene)thiazolidin-2-ylidene)amino)benzenesulfonamides (4a-m and 7a-g). All the newly prepared sulfonamides were in vitro investigated as inhibitors of the metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms hCA I, II, IV and IX, using a stopped-flow CO2 hydrase assay. In particular, hCA isoforms II and IX (tumor-associated) were more susceptible to inhibition by the synthesized derivatives, with KIs in the range of 2...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801933/maldi-imaging-guided-microproteomic-analyses-of-heterogeneous-breast-tumors-a-pilot-study
#19
Deborah Alberts, Charles Pottier, Nicolas Smargiasso, Dominique Baiwir, Gabriel Mazzucchelli, Philippe Delvenne, Mark Kriegsmann, Daniel Kazdal, Arne Warth, Edwin De Pauw, Rémi Longuespée
PURPOSE: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging is an ideal tool to study intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) and its implication in prognostic stratification of patients. However there are some drawbacks concerning protein identification. On the other hand, laser microdissection (LMD)-based microproteomics allows retrieving thousands of protein identifications from small tissue pieces. As a proof of concept, we combined these two complementary approaches to analyze heterogeneous regions in breast tumors...
August 11, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801701/the-overexpression-of-hsp90b1-is-associated-with-tumorigenesis-of-canine-mammary-glands
#20
B V Sunil Kumar, Rabia Bhardwaj, Kanika Mahajan, Neeraj Kashyap, Ashwani Kumar, Ramneek Verma
Heat shock proteins (Hsp) are molecular chaperones that are responsible for protein folding and maintenance of cellular homeostasis. Hsp90, an important member of HSP family, has an important role in breast cancer. Glucose-regulated protein 94 (Grp94) is the endoplasmic reticulum paralog of Hsp90 encoded by Hsp90B1 gene. To test if this protein is overexpressed in dogs with mammary tumor, we estimated and compared its serum levels in healthy dogs and that of dogs with mammary tumors. Hsp90B1 mRNA expression was measured in tumorous and healthy mammary tissues (from age- and breed-matched dogs) by real-time PCR...
August 12, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
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