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Breast molecular

Yuanqin Yin, Jingjing Cai, Fandong Meng, Chengguang Sui, Youhong Jiang
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of miR-144 and CEP55 as well as the influence of their interaction on the cell proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle and cell apoptosis in breast cancer. METHODS: In this study, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA, ) database was used for microarray analysis. The expressions of miR-144 and CEP55 in 40 adjacent tissues and 36 tumor tissues were examined by western blot, qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry...
March 21, 2018: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Alberto Berardi, Isotta Guidotti, Roberta Creti, Giovanna Alfarone, Antonella Grottola, Claudia Venturelli, Giulia Fregni Serpinid, Elisa Della Casa, Elena Vecchi, Alessandra Boncompagni, Carlotta Toffoli, Fabrizio Ferrari
OBJECTIVES: Current predominant routes of group B Streptococcus (GBS) transmission in preterm neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are poorly defined. We report two overlapping clusters of GBS late-onset disease (LOD) from June to September 2015 in an Italian NICU. METHODS: During the outbreak, possible sources of transmission (equipment, feeding bottles, breast pumps) were swabbed. Specimens from throat and rectum were collected on a weekly basis from all neonates admitted to NICU...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Sing-Han Huang, Yu-Shu Lo, Yong-Chun Luo, Yu-Yao Tseng, Jinn-Moon Yang
BACKGROUND: One of the crucial steps toward understanding the associations among molecular interactions, pathways, and diseases in a cell is to investigate detailed atomic protein-protein interactions (PPIs) in the structural interactome. Despite the availability of large-scale methods for analyzing PPI networks, these methods often focused on PPI networks using genome-scale data and/or known experimental PPIs. However, these methods are unable to provide structurally resolved interaction residues and their conservations in PPI networks...
March 19, 2018: BMC Systems Biology
Ya Liu, Jie Huang, Wen Li, Yujuan Chen, Xuejuan Liu, Jing Wang
Objective: The prognostic value of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and phospho-STAT3 in breast cancer remains controversial in heterogeneous. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate STAT3 and phospho-STAT3 expression on the prognosis of breast cancer patients. Materials and Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, Web of Science, Chinese CNKI, and Wan Fang were searched up to 19th June 2017. Studies which investigated the STAT3 or phospho-STAT3 expression of patients with breast cancer on the basis of patient survival data or survival curve were eligible...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
Balázs Győrffy, Lőrinc Pongor, Giulia Bottai, Xiaotong Li, Jan Budczies, András Szabó, Christos Hatzis, Lajos Pusztai, Libero Santarpia
BACKGROUND: Sequence variations in coding and non-coding regions of the genome can affect gene expression and signalling pathways, which in turn may influence disease outcome. METHODS: In this study, we integrated somatic mutations, gene expression and clinical data from 930 breast cancer patients included in the TCGA database. Genes associated with single mutations in molecular breast cancer subtypes were identified by the Mann-Whitney U-test and their prognostic value was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses...
March 21, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Li Bao, Zhaoyang Qian, Maria B Lyng, Ling Wang, Yuan Yu, Ting Wang, Xiuqing Zhang, Huanming Yang, Nils Brünner, Jun Wang, Henrik J Ditzel
Single cancer cell sequencing studies currently use randomly-selected cells, limiting correlations between genomic aberrations, morphology and spatial localization. We laser-captured microdissected single cells from morphologically-distinct areas of primary breast cancer and corresponding lymph node metastasis and performed whole-exome or deep-target sequencing of greater than 100 such cells. Two major subclones co-existed in different areas of the primary tumor, and the lymph node metastasis originated from a minor subclone in the invasive front of the primary tumor with additional copy number changes including 8q gain, but no additional point mutations in driver genes...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Shih-Fan Lai, Yu-Hsuan Chen, Tony Hsiang-Kuang Liang, Che-Yu Hsu, Huang-Chun Lien, Yen-Sen Lu, Chiun-Sheng Huang, Sung-Hsin Kuo
INTRODUCTION: Whole brain (WB) re-irradiation for breast cancer patients with progressive brain metastasis after first-course WB radiotherapy (WBRT) is controversial. In this study, we sought to investigate the association between the molecular sub-classifications and breast-specific Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA, which includes the Karnofsky performance status, molecular subtypes, and age as its indices) and the outcomes of breast cancer patients who received WB re-irradiation. METHODS: Twenty-three breast cancer patients who received WB re-irradiation for relapsed and progressive intracranial lesions after first-course WBRT between 2004 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Geetha Rani Yuvaraj, Baddrireddi Subhadra Lakshmi
Estrogen receptor α (ER α) is an important therapeutic target in the regulation of ligand dependent signaling in breast cancer. The current study investigates the anti-estrogenic potential of the Diarylheptanoid, 5-hydroxy-7-(4-hydroxy-3 methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone (DAH) in silico. Rigid Docking analysis of DAH at the ligand binding domain (LBD) of ER α showed hydrogen bond interactions with Arg394 and Glu353 at the active site, similar to the positive controls 4 - Hydroxy Tamoxifen (4-OHT) and Fulvestrant (FUL)...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Jingting Shu, Gaige Ji, Ming Zhang, Yunjie Tu, Yanju Shan, Yifan Liu, Xiaojun Ju, Di Zhang
TNNI1 encodes the slow skeletal muscle isoform of troponin I. In the present study, the basic characteristic and expressing profile of the TNNI1 gene was first explored in Gaoyou ducks. Full-length TNNI1 cDNA of Gaoyou duck was obtained using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The cDNA consisted of a 57-base pair (bp) 5'UTR, a 345-bp 3'UTR, and a 564-bp open reading frame. The predicted protein was predicted to be hydrophilic, nonsecretory protein and contained 17 phosphorylation sites...
March 20, 2018: Animal Biotechnology
Qinqin Huang, Fu-Bing Wang, Chun-Hui Yuan, Zhaobo He, Lang Rao, Bo Cai, Bolei Chen, Susu Jiang, Zhiqiang Li, Jincao Chen, Wei Liu, Feng Guo, Zheng Ao, Shi Chen, Xing-Zhong Zhao
Background: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are a burgeoning topic in cancer biomarker discovery research with minimal invasive blood draws. CTCs can be used as potential biomarkers for disease prognosis, early cancer diagnosis and pharmacodynamics. However, the extremely low abundance of CTCs limits their clinical utility because of technical challenges such as the isolation and subsequent detailed molecular and functional characterization of rare CTCs from patient blood samples. Methods: In this study, we present a novel density gradient centrifugation method employing biodegradable gelatin nanoparticles coated on silicon beads for the isolation, release, and downstream analysis of CTCs from colorectal and breast cancer patients...
2018: Theranostics
Xiaolei Hu, Jie Wang, Wan He, Pan Zhao, Changsheng Ye
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in women. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying breast cancer pathogenesis are not fully understood. The present study examined the role of miR-433 in breast cancer and investigated its underlying molecular mechanisms of action. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were performed to analyze the level of microRNA (miRNA/miR)/mRNA and protein expression, respectively. Additionally, MTT assay was used to determined cell proliferation and viability...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Anna Kovalchuk, Yaroslav Ilnytskyy, Rocio Rodriguez-Juarez, Amanda Katz, David Sidransky, Bryan Kolb, Olga Kovalchuk
While the refinement of existing and the development of new chemotherapeutic regimens has significantly improved cancer treatment outcomes and patient survival, chemotherapy still causes many persistent side effects. Central nervous system (CNS) toxicity is of particular concern, as cancer patients experience significant deficits in memory, learning, cognition, and decision-making. These chemotherapy-induced cognitive changes are termed chemo brain, and manifest in more than half of cancer survivors. Moreover, recent studies have emerged suggesting that neurocognitive deficits manifest prior to cancer diagnosis and treatment, and thus may be associated with tumor presence, a phenomenon recently termed "tumor brain...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Klara Habartova, Radim Havelek, Martina Seifrtova, Karel Kralovec, Lucie Cahlikova, Jakub Chlebek, Eva Cermakova, Nadezda Mazankova, Jana Marikova, Jiri Kunes, Lucie Novakova, Martina Rezacova
Scoulerine is an isoquinoline alkaloid, which indicated promising suppression of cancer cells growth. However, the mode of action (MOA) remained unclear. Cytotoxic and antiproliferative properties were determined in this study. Scoulerine reduces the mitochondrial dehydrogenases activity of the evaluated leukemic cells with IC50 values ranging from 2.7 to 6.5 µM. The xCELLigence system revealed that scoulerine exerted potent antiproliferative activity in lung, ovarian and breast carcinoma cell lines. Jurkat and MOLT-4 leukemic cells treated with scoulerine were decreased in proliferation and viability...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Eva Pampouille, Cécile Berri, Simon Boitard, Christelle Hennequet-Antier, Stéphane A Beauclercq, Estelle Godet, Christophe Praud, Yves Jégo, Elisabeth Le Bihan-Duval
BACKGROUND: White striping (WS) is an emerging muscular defect occurring on breast and thigh muscles of broiler chickens. It is characterized by the presence of white striations parallel to the muscle fibers and has significant consequences for meat quality. The etiology of WS remains poorly understood, even if previous studies demonstrated that the defect prevalence is related to broiler growth and muscle development. Moreover, recent studies showed moderate to high heritability values of WS, which emphasized the role of genetics in the expression of the muscle defect...
March 20, 2018: BMC Genomics
Bhupinder Kumar, Praveen Sharma, Vivek Prakash Gupta, Madhu Khullar, Sandeep Singh, Nilambra Dogra, Vinod Kumar
A number of pyrimidine bridged combretastatin derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for anticancer activities against breast cancer (MCF-7) and lung cancer (A549) cell lines using MTT assays. Most of the synthesized compounds displayed good anticancer activity with IC50 values in low micro-molar range. Compounds 4a and 4p were found most potent in the series with IC50 values of 4.67 µM & 3.38 µM and 4.63 µM & 3.71 µM against MCF7 and A549 cancer cell lines, respectively. Biological evaluation of these compounds showed that selective cancer cell toxicity (in vitro using human lung and breast cancer cell lines) might be due to the inhibition of antioxidant enzymes instigating elevated ROS levels which triggers intrinsic apoptotic pathways...
February 28, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Diego F Munoz, Cong Xu, Sylvia K Plevritis
We present a Monte Carlo simulation model that reproduces US invasive breast cancer incidence and mortality trends from 1975 to 2010 as a function of screening and adjuvant treatment. This model was developed for multiple purposes, including to quantify the impact of screening and adjuvant therapy on past and current trends, predict future trends, and evaluate potential outcomes under hypothetical screening and treatment interventions. The model first generates the life histories of individual breast cancer patients by determining the patient's age, tumor size, estrogen receptor (ER) status, human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) status, SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) historic stage, detection mode at time of detection, preclinical tumor course, and death age and cause of death (breast cancer v...
April 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
Oguzhan Alagoz, Donald A Berry, Harry J de Koning, Eric J Feuer, Sandra J Lee, Sylvia K Plevritis, Clyde B Schechter, Natasha K Stout, Amy Trentham-Dietz, Jeanne S Mandelblatt
The Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network (CISNET) Breast Cancer Working Group is a consortium of National Cancer Institute-sponsored investigators who use statistical and simulation modeling to evaluate the impact of cancer control interventions on long-term population-level breast cancer outcomes such as incidence and mortality and to determine the impact of different breast cancer control strategies. The CISNET breast cancer models have been continuously funded since 2000. The models have gone through several updates since their inception to reflect advances in the understanding of the molecular basis of breast cancer, changes in the prevalence of common risk factors, and improvements in therapy and early detection technology...
April 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
Oguzhan Alagoz, Mehmet Ali Ergun, Mucahit Cevik, Brian L Sprague, Dennis G Fryback, Ronald E Gangnon, John M Hampton, Natasha K Stout, Amy Trentham-Dietz
The University of Wisconsin Breast Cancer Epidemiology Simulation Model (UWBCS), also referred to as Model W, is a discrete-event microsimulation model that uses a systems engineering approach to replicate breast cancer epidemiology in the US over time. This population-based model simulates the lifetimes of individual women through 4 main model components: breast cancer natural history, detection, treatment, and mortality. A key feature of the UWBCS is that, in addition to specifying a population distribution in tumor growth rates, the model allows for heterogeneity in tumor behavior, with some tumors having limited malignant potential (i...
April 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
Jeroen J van den Broek, Nicolien T van Ravesteyn, Eveline A Heijnsdijk, Harry J de Koning
The MISCAN-Fadia microsimulation model uses continuous tumor growth to simulate the natural history of breast cancer and has been used extensively to estimate the impact of screening and adjuvant treatment on breast cancer incidence and mortality trends. The model simulates individual life histories from birth to death, with and without breast cancer, in the presence and in the absence of screening and treatment. Life histories are simulated according to discrete events such as birth, tumor inception, the tumor's clinical diagnosis diameter in the absence of screening, and death from breast cancer or death from other causes...
April 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
Jeanne S Mandelblatt, Aimee M Near, Diana L Miglioretti, Diego Munoz, Brian L Sprague, Amy Trentham-Dietz, Ronald Gangnon, Allison W Kurian, Harald Weedon-Fekjaer, Kathleen A Cronin, Sylvia K Plevritis
BACKGROUND: Since their inception in 2000, the Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Network (CISNET) breast cancer models have collaborated to use a nationally representative core of common input parameters to represent key components of breast cancer control in each model. Employment of common inputs permits greater ability to compare model output than when each model begins with different input parameters. The use of common inputs also enhances inferences about the results, and provides a range of reasonable results based on variations in model structure, assumptions, and methods of use of the input values...
April 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
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