keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Csf leakage

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909657/remote-cervical-pseudomeningocele-following-anterior-cervical-corpectomy-and-fusion-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Abolfazl Rahimizadeh, Housain Soufiani, Shaghayegh Rahimizadeh
Iatrogenic cervical pseudomeningocele is a rare event and majority are located posteriorly as a delayed complication of inadvertent dural tear after decompressive laminectomy. However, iatrogenic anterior cervical pseudomeningocele subsequent to discectomy or corpectomy is a rare pathology. The time necessary for formation of pseudomeningocele varies and depend on the width of the dural tear and the flow of cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Large tears with high CSF flow usually result in early collection of the cerebrospinal fluid in anterior compartment of the neck designated acute pseudomeningoceles...
2016: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906941/epidural-blood-patch-for-the-treatment-of-spontaneous-and-iatrogenic-orthostatic-headache
#2
Yun So, Jung Min Park, Pil-Moo Lee, Cho Long Kim, Cheolhan Lee, Jae Hun Kim
BACKGROUND: The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage could be happened spontaneously or related to the procedures such as spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, CSF tapping, intrathecal chemotherapy or other spinal procedures. The leakage of CSF leads to intracranial hypotension of which distinguishing clinical feature is orthostatic headache. The epidural blood patch is a gold-standard treatment for intracranial hypotension-related orthostatic headaches. OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to compare the efficacy and number of epidural blood patches for spontaneous and iatrogenic orthostatic headaches...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903125/outcomes-in-transcranial-microsurgery-versus-extended-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-primary-resection-of-adult-craniopharyngiomas
#3
Todd J Wannemuehler, Kolin E Rubel, Benjamin K Hendricks, Jonathan Y Ting, Troy D Payner, Mitesh V Shah, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
OBJECTIVE Craniopharyngiomas have historically been resected via transcranial microsurgery (TCM). In the last 2 decades, the extended endoscopic endonasal (transtuberculum) approach to these tumors has become more widely accepted, yet there remains controversy over which approach leads to better outcomes. The purpose of this study is to determine whether differences in outcomes were identified between TCM and extended endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEEAs) in adult patients undergoing primary resection of suprasellar craniopharyngiomas at a single institution...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894360/the-relationship-of-endotoxaemia-to-peripheral-and-central-nervous-system-inflammatory-responses-in-human-african-trypanosomiasis
#4
Lorna Maclean, Eltayb A Aboubaker, Peter G E Kennedy, Jeremy M Sternberg
Endotoxaemia has been described in cases of Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), but it is unclear if this phenomenon influences inflammatory pathology either in the periphery or central nervous system (CNS). We studied endotoxin concentrations in the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense patients using the chromogenic Limulus Amoebocyte lysate assay. The relationship of endotoxin concentration to the presentation of gross signs of inflammation and the inflammatory/counter-inflammatory cytokine profile of the relevant compartments were analysed...
November 29, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861828/postural-headaches-due-to-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage-through-subarachnoid-pleural-fistula-a-case-report
#5
Sheng-Feng Lin, Hsing-Yu Weng
BACKGROUND: Postural headaches are commonly associated with spontaneous intracranial hypotension and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage from the spine. A subarachnoid-pleural fistula (SPF) is a very rare and serious type of CSF fistula that has mostly been reported following traumatic causes. CASE REPORT: Here, the case of a 36-year-old woman who suffered from postural headaches after chiropractic manipulation of her neck was reported. Brain and spinal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed brain sagging, a C7-T1 dural defect, and overt CSF leakage...
November 10, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854087/spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-complicated-by-malignancyinduced-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-a-case-report
#6
Hung-Yi Wu, Shu-Shya Hseu, Shih-Pin Chen, Jiing-Feng Lirng, Yen-Feng Wang, Shuu-Jiun Wang, Jong-Ling Fuh
PURPOSE: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a rare type of headache. The association of SIH with malignancy and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) has not previously been reported. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old woman had orthostatic headache for more than one month before admission. MRI of brain showed diffuse pachymeningeal enhancement with bilateral subdural hematoma. MR myelography revealed epidural fluid collection and possible CSF leakage at the level of C5 to C6...
September 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848124/reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-and-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-associated-with-intracranial-hypotension
#7
Katharina Feil, Robert Forbrig, Franziska S Thaler, Julian Conrad, Suzette Heck, Franziska Dorn, Hans-Walter Pfister, Andreas Straube
BACKGROUND: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) are both rare disorders. The pathophysiology of both diseases is not yet fully understood. METHODS: We report the unique case of a 19-year-old comatose woman who was brought to the ER after a series of generalized tonic-clonic seizures 6 days post peridural anesthesia for cesarean section. Vital signs and initial laboratory testing including urine analysis and drug screening were unremarkable...
November 15, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845572/post-craniotomy-intracranial-infection-in-patients-with-brain-tumors-a-retrospective-analysis-of-5723-consecutive-patients
#8
Zhong-Hua Shi, Ming Xu, Yong-Zhi Wang, Xu-Ying Luo, Guang-Qiang Chen, Xin Wang, Tao Wang, Ming-Zhong Tang, Jian-Xin Zhou
AIM: To determine the risk factors for and the incidence, outcomes, and causative pathogens of post-craniotomy intracranial infection (PCII) in patients with brain tumors. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of 5723 patients with brain tumors who were surgically treated between January 2012 and December 2013 in Beijing Tiantan Hospital. The patients' demographics, pathohistological diagnoses, surgical procedures, postoperative variables, causative pathogens, and outcomes were evaluated...
November 15, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832615/-changes-in-spinal-mri-findings-for-epidural-fluid-collection-in-the-treatment-of-intracranial-hypotension
#9
Norimitsu Nakagawa
We have experienced 30 cases of intracranial hypotension in the last three years. Spinal MRI was performed in all cases, and 27 patients demonstrated epidural fluid collection(EFC). Of these 30 patients, 6 were treated conservatively with bed rest and hydration, and 24 were treated with epidural blood patch(EBP). Twenty-two patients were cured, 4 were improved significantly, and 4 were improved partially. We examined spinal MR images of 22 patients after 3 months of treatment. The EFC wasn't visible in 11 cases;however, residual EFC was found in the 11 remaining cases...
November 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832008/transmastoid-endoscopic-assisted-eustachian-tube-packing-after-translabyrinthine-tumor-resection-a-cadaveric-feasibility-study
#10
Nicholas L Deep, Peter A Weisskopf
HYPOTHESIS: Endoscopically assisted packing of the Eustachian tube (ET) will improve visualization of the protympanic space compared with standard techniques with the microscope. BACKGROUND: Postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage after translabyrinthine tumor resection remains a problem. Current techniques of packing the ET are limited by inadequate visualization. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility and usefulness of transmastoid endoscopic-assisted ET packing during translabyrinthine tumor resection...
November 9, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832006/reconstruction-outcomes-following-lateral-skull-base-resection
#11
Nicholas J Thompson, Joseph P Roche, Nathan M Schularick, Kristi E Chang, Marlan R Hansen
OBJECTIVE: Compare reconstruction outcomes for various lateral skull base closure techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective medical records review. SETTING: University-based tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients who underwent resections of tumors involving the lateral skull base requiring reconstruction beyond primary closure. INTERVENTION(S): Reconstructive techniques, from rotational flaps to free tissue transfer...
November 9, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830929/fetal-surgery-for-myelomeningocele-a-review-of-current-clinical-practice-and-translational-research
#12
Sandra K Kabagambe, Yue J Chen, Diana L Farmer
INTRODUCTION: The Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) showed that prenatal repair of myelomeningocele (MMC) resulted in better neurological outcomes than postnatal closure but was, by necessity, associated with higher rates of obstetrical complications. Fetoscopic MMC repair has been explored as an alternative to reduce complications of the open approach used in MOMS. This review summarizes the trends in fetoscopic and open fetal repair of MMC. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched PubMed and Embase® for studies on fetal repair of MMC published since the completion of the MOMS trial...
November 10, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824967/asymmetric-radiotracer-activity-of-enlarged-cerebral-spinal-fluid-space-on-radionuclide-cisternography-with-spet-ct
#13
Julie C Bulman, Jason Wachsmann, Fangyu Peng
OBJECTIVE: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is a well-known complication of skull or sinus surgery. Radionuclide cisternography has high sensitivity for detection of CSF leak, commonly performed in conjunction with radioactivity assay of nasal pledgets. Our objective was to highlight the usefulness of single photon emission tomography/computed tomography (SPET/CT) in radionuclide cisternography by presenting a case of a 41 years old man with right sided rhinorrhea following craniotomies and sinus surgery, who was subjected to radioactivity assay of nasal pledgets and radionuclide cisternography for suspected CSF leak...
November 8, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809858/enlarged-anterior-cervical-diskectomy-and-fusion-in-the-treatment-of-severe-localised-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#14
Tao Lei, Hui Wang, Tong Tong, Qinghua Ma, Linfeng Wang, Yong Shen
BACKGROUND: Severe localised ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) should be directly removed by anterior approach, but the exposure during anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) is restricted and may increase the risk of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. Corpectomy is facilitated to extirpate the ossification, but it is relatively more invasive. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and clinical outcome of enlarged ACDF in treating severe localised OPLL...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801403/-a-technique-of-tachocomb-application-in-dura-mater-reconstruction-in-surgery-for-posterior-cranial-fossa-tumors
#15
V N Shimansky, V K Poshataev, D A Odamanov, K V Shevchenko
INTRODUCTION: Liquorrhea is a condition characterized by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage from the cranial cavity due to injury to the integrity of the dura mater (DM) and bone structures of the skull base. Surgery for posterior cranial fossa (PCF) lesions distinguishes wound CSF leakage when CSF leaks from a surgical wound as well as basal CSF leakage (nasal liquorrhea and, less often, otoliquorrhea). The main cause of basal CSF leakage is injury (including surgical injury) resulting in a defect in the DM and bone structures (cells of the mastoid process in the case of a suboccipital retrosigmoid approach)...
2016: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743810/patterns-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-csf-distribution-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-assessed-with-magnetic-resonance-myelography
#16
Chuan-Han Chen, Jeon-Hor Chen, Hung-Chieh Chen, Jyh-Wen Chai, Po-Lin Chen, Clayton Chi-Cheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) relies on the ability of medical staff to recognize cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage at the spine. However, difficulties with interobserver discrepancy sometimes occurred while reading magnetic resonance myelography (MRM) because clear image definition was lacking. In this study, we tried to determine which pattern of CSF distribution is more reliable for diagnosis of CSF leakage by using MRM. METHODS: From January 2012 to August 2014, 19 SIH patients and 27 healthy controls (HC) were recruited into our study; 10 of the 19 patients were recovered (SIH-R) after treatment...
October 12, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738899/the-value-of-3d-fiesta-mri-in-detecting-non-iatrogenic-cerebrospinal-fluid-rhinorrhoea-correlations-with-endoscopic-endonasal-surgery
#17
Tao Xie, Wei Sun, Xiaobiao Zhang, Tengfei Liu, Hailing Ding, Fan Hu, Yong Yu, Ye Gu
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the value of three-dimensional (3D) fast-imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting non-iatrogenic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea and compared it with regular MRI and 3D magnetisation prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo (MPRAGE) MRI sequences, as well as high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging. We also present the endoscopic experiences of such cases. METHOD: From June 2011 to Feb 2016, 17 patients with non-iatrogenic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea were included...
October 13, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717775/the-effect-of-l-arginine-on-dural-healing-after-experimentally-induced-dural-defect-in-rat-model
#18
Sayed Ali Ahmadi, Mostafa Jafari, Mohammad Reza Darabi, Ali Chehrei, Masoud Rezaei, Marjan Mirsalehi
BACKGROUND: Incomplete repair of the dura mater may result in numerous complications such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and meningitis. For this reason, accurate repair of the dura mater is essential. In this study, the effect of systemic and local supplementation of L- arginine on dural healing was evaluated. METHOD: 30 male Wistar rats were utilized and divided into control, local and systemic L-arginine groups with ten rats in each. In each group, a 5 mm experimental incision was performed at the lumbar segment of the dura mater and CSF leakage was induced...
October 4, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699236/glymphatic-fluid-transport-controls-paravascular-clearance-of-aav-vectors-from-the-brain
#19
Giridhar Murlidharan, Andrew Crowther, Rebecca A Reardon, Juan Song, Aravind Asokan
Adeno-associated viruses (AAV) are currently being evaluated in clinical trials for gene therapy of CNS disorders. However, host factors that influence the spread, clearance, and transduction efficiency of AAV vectors in the brain are not well understood. Recent studies have demonstrated that fluid flow mediated by aquaporin-4 (AQP4) channels located on astroglial end feet is essential for exchange of solutes between interstitial and cerebrospinal fluid. This phenomenon, which is essential for interstitial clearance of solutes from the CNS, has been termed glial-associated lymphatic transport or glymphatic transport...
September 8, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695551/sellar-repair-with-autologous-muscle-and-composite-septal-cartilage-grafts-for-treatment-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage-following-trans-sphenoidal-pituitary-surgery
#20
Ayman A El Shazly, Mohammed A El Wardany, Tamer A Abo El Ezz
CONTEXT: Many reconstructive techniques have been proposed to prevent postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage after trans-sphenoidal pituitary surgery. However, no total agreement has been reached to the best technique. AIM: Assessment of the efficacy of sellar repair with autologous muscle and composite septal cartilage grafts for treatment of intraoperative and delayed postoperative CSF leakage following trans-sphenoidal pituitary surgery without the use of postoperative external lumbar CSF drain...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
34527
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"