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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531928/in-reply-to-ways-to-improve-outcomes-of-traumatic-acute-spinal-cord-injury-integrated-approaches-of-improved-prehospital-care-the-adoption-of-synergistic-medical-and-surgical-intervention-along-with-care-for-associated-systemic-injury-and-rehabilitation-and
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531927/ways-to-improve-outcomes-of-traumatic-acute-spinal-cord-injury-integrated-approaches-of-improved-prehospital-care-the-adoption-of-synergistic-medical-and-surgical-intervention-along-with-care-for-associated-systemic-injury-and-rehabilitation-and-social-inclusion
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531823/correlates-of-khat-use-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Motohiro Nakajima, Mulusew G Jebena, Mohammed Taha, Markos Tesfaye, Esayas Gudina, Andrine Lemieux, Richard Hoffman, Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVES: Khat is widely used in East African countries including Ethiopia. A growing body of evidence indicates that long-term khat use is associated with various health consequences. The aim of this study was to examine the magnitude and correlates of khat use in pregnant women. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional, face-to-face interview design that included 642 pregnant women receiving antenatal care services at primary care centers in Ethiopia. A series of chi-square tests and regression models were conducted to examine whether khat use status (i...
May 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531821/examining-the-physical-health-and-lifestyle-of-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-qualitative-study-involving-service-users-parents-and-clinicians
#4
Rebekah Carney, Jack Cotter, Tim Bradshaw, Alison R Yung
Emerging evidence suggests young people at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) are also at-risk for poor physical health, and display high rates of modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors. However, before we can develop effective interventions there is a need to understand factors affecting lifestyle choices in the UHR group. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 20 UHR individuals (50% male; mean age 21.7), 5 parents (4 mothers, 1 father), and 6 clinicians from early intervention services in the Northwest of England to identify barriers and facilitators to living a healthy lifestyle, including achieving regular exercise, eating well and refraining from excessive substance use...
May 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531819/welfare-consequences-for-people-with-epilepsy-and-their-partners-a-matched-nationwide-study-in-denmark
#5
Poul Jennum, Anne Sabers, Jakob Christensen, Rikke Ibsen, Jakob Kjellberg
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the excess direct and indirect costs associated with epilepsy. METHODS: From the Danish National Patient Registry (1998-2013), we identified people within all ages with an epilepsy diagnosis and matched them to control individuals. Additionally, partners of people with epilepsy were identified, who were compared with control partners. Direct costs included frequencies and costs of hospitalizations and weighted outpatient use according to diagnosis-related group, and specific outpatient costs based on data from the Danish Ministry of Health...
May 12, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531645/judgment-of-moral-and-social-transgression-in-schizophrenia
#6
Jonathan McGuire, Martin Brüne, Robyn Langdon
INTRODUCTION: Despite evidence of pervasive social-cognitive deficits in schizophrenia, little is known of moral cognition in this population. While recent research indicates that impairment of explicit moral reasoning is explained by these individuals' other cognitive deficits, their capacities for basic moral judgment are unknown. METHODS: 45 people with schizophrenia and 27 healthy controls completed the Moral-Conventional Distinction Task: a classic task that assesses judgment of violations of moral or social convention on permissibility, severity, and authority-contingence...
May 4, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531641/the-cypriot-food-basket-for-health-and-adequate-social-participation
#7
Stavri Chrysostomou, Alexandros Polycarpou, Sofia Andreou, Panos Pashardes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531561/a-meta-analysis-of-neurocognition-in-youth-with-familial-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#8
E Bora, A Özerdem
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological impairment, including deficits in social cognition is evident in subjects at genetic high-risk for psychosis. However, findings in youth at genetic risk to bipolar disorder (BP) have been suggested to be less supportive of premorbid deficits. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis of cognitive deficits in youth with familiar risk for bipolar disorder (FHR-BD). METHODS: A novel meta-analysis of FHR-BD (mean age 10-25), including 18 studies (786 offsprings/siblings of patients with BD and 794 healthy controls), was conducted...
March 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531560/uneasy-encounters-youth-social-dis-comfort-and-the-autistic-self
#9
Edmund Coleman-Fountain
Notions of deficit and 'faultiness' shape depictions of the association between autism and uneasy social relationships. That framing has been the focus of critique by autistic activists and scholars who, exploring autistic people's sociality, reframe issues of social difficulty in terms of inequality and discomfort. Located within this set of debates, the article analyses data from a UK based study of mental health narratives derived from semi-structured interviews with 19 autistic young adults aged 23 to 24...
May 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531550/barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-oral-care-to-nursing-home-residents-from-the-perspective-of-care-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Matthias Hoben, Alix Clarke, Kha Tu Huynh, Nadia Kobagi, Angelle Kent, Huimin Hu, Raissa A C Pereira, Tianyuan Xiong, Kexin Yu, Hongjin Xiang, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Oral health of nursing home residents is generally poor, with severe consequences for residents' general health and quality of life and for the health care system. Care aides in nursing homes provide up to 80% of direct care (including oral care) to residents, but providing oral care is often challenging. Interventions to improve oral care must tailor to identified barriers and facilitators to be effective. This review identifies and synthesizes the evidence on barriers and facilitators care aides perceive in providing oral care to nursing home residents...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531452/the-effect-of-glutamine-and-arginine-enriched-nutritional-support-on-quality-of-life-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-treated-with-imrt
#11
Sezin Yuce Sari, Gozde Yazici, Deniz Yuce, Erdem Karabulut, Mustafa Cengiz, Gokhan Ozyigit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Oral mucositis and esophagitis are common acute toxicities of radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). In order to decrease the rates of these toxicities, we compared quality of life in HNC patients that did and did not receive a glutamine and arginine-enriched solution (GAES) during RT. METHODS: A total of 29 patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT); 15 used GAES b.i.d. during the treatment, and a matched cohort of 14 patients did not...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531308/challenges-of-research-recruitment-in-a-university-setting-in-england
#12
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
The recruitment is an integral part of most research projects in medical sciences involving human participants. In health promotion research, there is increasing work on the impact of environments. Settings represent environments such as schools where social, physical and psychological development unfolds. In this study, we investigated weight gain in students within a university setting. Barriers to access and recruitment of university students within a specific setting, in the context of health research are discussed...
May 20, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531300/anosmia-a-clinical-review
#13
Sanne Boesveldt, Elbrich M Postma, Duncan Boak, Antje Welge-Luessen, Veronika Schöpf, Joel D Mainland, Jeffrey Martens, John Ngai, Valerie B Duffy
Anosmia and hyposmia, the inability or decreased ability to smell, is estimated to afflict 3-20% of the population. Risk of olfactory dysfunction increases with old age and may also result from chronic sinonasal diseases, severe head trauma, and upper respiratory infections, or neurodegenerative diseases. These disorders impair the ability to sense warning odors in foods and the environment, as well as hinder the quality of life related to social interactions, eating, and feelings of well-being. This article reports and extends on a clinical update commencing at the 2016 Association for Chemoreception Sciences annual meeting...
May 22, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531292/perceived-social-support-and-its-impact-on-depression-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-comparison-between-cancer-patients-and-general-population
#14
Hyosang Yoo, Dong Wook Shin, Ansuk Jeong, So Young Kim, Hyung-Kook Yang, Jun Suk Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Jae Hwan Oh, Eun-Cheol Park, Keeho Park, Jong-Hyock Park
Objective: It is well known that cancer patients' perception of social support is associated with their depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life. However, there have been little studies that compared the variates of cancer patients with the general population. We sought to compare differences in the level of perceived social support and the impact of perceived social support on depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life between cancer survivors and the general population...
May 20, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531240/public-knowledge-and-understanding-of-dementia-evidence-from-a-national-survey-in-ireland
#15
Ronan W Glynn, Emer Shelley, Brian A Lawlor
Background: there is growing consensus around the importance of population level approaches which seek to improve public knowledge and awareness of dementia. Aim: to assess knowledge of the relationship between dementia and ageing, and of the risk and protective factors associated with it, among the general public in Ireland. Design: cross-sectional survey. Participants selected using quota sampling based on Census data. Methods: the final sample of 1,217 respondents provided estimates of dementia knowledge in the Irish population...
May 22, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531237/burden-of-neurological-diseases-in-the-us-revealed-by-web-searches
#16
Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Puneet Mohan Sangal, Pablo Villoslada
BACKGROUND: Analyzing the disease-related web searches of Internet users provides insight into the interests of the general population as well as the healthcare industry, which can be used to shape health care policies. METHODS: We analyzed the searches related to neurological diseases and drugs used in neurology using the most popular search engines in the US, Google and Bing/Yahoo. RESULTS: We found that the most frequently searched diseases were common diseases such as dementia or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), as well as medium frequency diseases with high social impact such as Parkinson's disease, MS and ALS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531228/cultural-values-and-cross-cultural-video-consumption-on-youtube
#17
Minsu Park, Jaram Park, Young Min Baek, Michael Macy
Video-sharing social media like YouTube provide access to diverse cultural products from all over the world, making it possible to test theories that the Web facilitates global cultural convergence. Drawing on a daily listing of YouTube's most popular videos across 58 countries, we investigate the consumption of popular videos in countries that differ in cultural values, language, gross domestic product, and Internet penetration rate. Although online social media facilitate global access to cultural products, we find this technological capability does not result in universal cultural convergence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531176/stigma-of-addiction-and-mental-illness-in-healthcare-the-case-of-patients-experiences-in-dental-settings
#18
Mario A Brondani, Rana Alan, Leeann Donnelly
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways in which stigma is experienced in healthcare and dental settings by patients with a history of addiction and mental illness. METHODS: Audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews with a purposefully selected convenience sample of residents from two community treatment centres in Vancouver, Canada were conducted. The interview guide contained questions about experiences while seeking health and dental care and was based on an existing framework of labeling, stereotyping, exclusion, discrimination, and power imbalance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531109/physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#19
REVIEW
Shaunna Burke, Amanda Wurz, Andrew Bradshaw, Stephanie Saunders, Malcolm A West, Jennifer Brunet
Qualitative research on the impact of physical activity on quality of life (QoL) in adults diagnosed with cancer is accumulating. However, the field of physical activity and cancer survivorship lack a synthesis of this research to reliably understand the implications for future research and practice. The aim of this meta-synthesis was to identify, appraise, and synthesize qualitative research on cancer survivors' perspectives of the impact of physical activity on their QoL. Seven electronic databases were searched for original studies published in English, and reference lists of relevant studies were hand-searched to identify additional studies...
May 20, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531097/evolution-not-revolution-nutrition-and-obesity
#20
Elaine C Rush, Mary R Yan
The increasing prevalence of obesity over the course of life is a global health challenge because of its strong and positive association with significant health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and some cancers. The complex causes and drivers of obesity include genetic factors, social, ecological and political influences, food production and supply, and dietary patterns. Public health messages and government food and activity guidelines have little impact; the retail food environment has many low-priced, nutrient-poor, but energy-dense products and there is a gap between what an individual knows and what they do...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
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