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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733181/caring-for-a-person-with-dementia-on-the-margins-of-long-term-care-a-perspective-on-burden-from-8-european-countries
#1
Caroline Sutcliffe, Clarissa Giebel, Michel Bleijlevens, Connie Lethin, Minna Stolt, Kai Saks, Maria E Soto, Gabriele Meyer, Adelaida Zabalegui, Helen Chester, David Challis
OBJECTIVES: To explore associations between carer burden and characteristics of (1) the informal carer, (2) the person with dementia, and (3) the care support network in 8 European countries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: People with dementia judged at risk of admission to long-term care (LTC) facilities in 8 European countries (Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1223 people with dementia supported by community services at home or receiving day care or respite care and their informal carers...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730922/investigating-the-ways-in-which-health-information-technology-can-promote-antimicrobial-stewardship-a-conceptual-overview
#2
Abby King, Kathrin M Cresswell, Jamie J Coleman, Sarah K Pontefract, Ann Slee, Robin Williams, Aziz Sheikh
Antimicrobial resistance is now recognised as a threat to health worldwide. Antimicrobial stewardship aims to promote the responsible use of antibiotics and is high on international and national policy agendas. Health information technology has the potential to support antimicrobial stewardship in a number of ways, but this field is still poorly characterised and understood. Building on a recent systematic review and expert roundtable discussions, we take a lifecycle perspective of antibiotic use in hospitals and identify potential targets for health information technology-based interventions to support antimicrobial stewardship...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730069/exploration-of-the-academic-lives-of-students-with-disabilities-at-south-african-universities-lecturers-perspectives
#3
Oliver Mutanga, Melanie Walker
BACKGROUND: A decade has passed since South Africa signed and ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, a human rights treaty that protects the rights and dignity of people with disabilities. However, not much have changed for students with disabilities. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore lecturers' experiences with, and perspectives on, disability as well as with students with disabilities. It was hoped that this would contribute to the ongoing policy debates about diversity, inclusion and support for students with disabilities at universities...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728526/-i-m-still-here-i-m-still-alive-understanding-successful-aging-in-the-context-of-hiv
#4
Patricia Solomon, Lori Letts, Kelly K O'Brien, Stephanie Nixon, Larry Baxter, Nicole Gervais
As people living with HIV (PLWH) live longer, increased understanding of individuals' values and perceptions of successful aging can assist health providers in working with PLWH to set meaningful goals as they age. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand how PLWH define successful aging and their perceptions of contributors to successful aging. Fourteen men and ten women over the age of 50 years (mean age 57 years; mean time since diagnosis 18 years) participated in individual interviews. Interviews were analyzed using directed content analysis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728474/sperm-donation-and-the-right-to-privacy
#5
Oliver Hallich
Sperm donation is an increasingly common method of assisted reproduction. In the debate on sperm donation, the right to privacy - construed as a right that refers to the limits of the realm of information to which others have access - plays a pivotal role with regard to two questions. The first question is whether the sperm donor's right to privacy implies his right to retain his anonymity, the second is whether the gamete recipients' right to privacy entitles them to withhold information about the circumstances of their conception from their donor-conceived offspring...
July 20, 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727538/per-diems-in-polio-eradication-perspectives-from-community-health-workers-and-officials
#6
Svea Closser, Anat Rosenthal, Judith Justice, Kenneth Maes, Marium Sultan, Sarah Banerji, Hailom Banteyerga Amaha, Ranjani Gopinath, Patricia Omidian, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye
Nearly all global health initiatives give per diems to community health workers (CHWs) in poor countries for short-term work on disease-specific programs. We interviewed CHWs, supervisors, and high-level officials (n = 95) in 6 study sites across sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia in early 2012 about the per diems given to them by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. These per diems for CHWs ranged from $1.50 to $2.40 per day. International officials defended per diems for CHWs with an array of arguments, primarily that they were necessary to defray the expenses that workers incurred during campaigns...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727019/triennial-growth-and-development-symposium-dedifferentiated-fat-cells-potential-and-perspectives-for-their-use-in-clinical-and-animal-science-purpose
#7
M S Duarte, R Bueno, W Silva, C F Campos, M P Gionbelli, S E F Guimarães, F F Silva, P S Lopes, G J Hausman, M V Dodson
An increasing body of evidences has demonstrated the ability of the mature adipocyte to dedifferentiate into a population of proliferative-competent cells known as dedifferentiated fat (DFAT) cells. As early as the 1970s, in vitro studies showed that DFAT cells may be obtained by ceiling culture, which takes advantage of the buoyancy property of lipid-filled cells. It was documented that DFAT cells may acquire a phenotype similar to mesenchymal stem cells and yet may differentiate into multiple cell lineages, such as skeletal and smooth muscle cells, cardiomyocytes, osteoblasts, and adipocytes...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726706/cost-assessment-of-different-routes-for-phosphorus-recovery-from-wastewater-using-data-from-pilot-and-production-plants
#8
A Nättorp, K Remmen, C Remy
Phosphorus (P) recovery from wastewater has considerable potential to supplement limited fossil P reserves. Reliable cost data are essential for investor and policymaker decisions. In this study, investment and operational costs for nine P recovery processes were calculated from the investor's perspective, taking into account all relevant side effects on the sludge treatment or the wastewater treatment plant. The assessment was based on pilot and full-scale data which were thoroughly consolidated and standardized with technical and cost data from the German wastewater-sludge treatment train to enable direct comparison...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725865/the-science-of-empathy
#9
Helen Riess
Empathy plays a critical interpersonal and societal role, enabling sharing of experiences, needs, and desires between individuals and providing an emotional bridge that promotes pro-social behavior. This capacity requires an exquisite interplay of neural networks and enables us to perceive the emotions of others, resonate with them emotionally and cognitively, to take in the perspective of others, and to distinguish between our own and others' emotions. Studies show empathy declines during medical training...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725628/perspectives-on-reflexology-a-qualitative-approach
#10
Nurul Haswani Embong, Yee Chang Soh, Long Chiau Ming, Tin Wui Wong
INTRODUCTION: Reflexology is the systematic practice of applying some pressure to particular points on the feet and hands to impact on health of related parts of the body. OBJECTIVE: To explore the practitioners' perspectives of reflexology in Malaysia. METHODS: Data was collected using face-to-face semi-structured interviews with practitioners in Malaysia. The interviews were conducted in the Malay language and recorded. Interview conversations were translated and transcribed verbatim...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725263/modeling-and-simulation-of-the-redox-regulation-of-the-metabolism-in-escherichia-coli-at-different-oxygen-concentrations
#11
Yu Matsuoka, Hiroyuki Kurata
BACKGROUND: Microbial production of biofuels and biochemicals from renewable feedstocks has received considerable recent attention from environmental protection and energy production perspectives. Many biofuels and biochemicals are produced by fermentation under oxygen-limited conditions following initiation of aerobic cultivation to enhance the cell growth rate. Thus, it is of significant interest to investigate the effect of dissolved oxygen concentration on redox regulation in Escherichia coli, a particularly popular cellular factory due to its high growth rate and well-characterized physiology...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724147/community-and-interns-perspectives-on-community-participatory-medical-education-from-passive-to-active-participation
#12
Akiteru Takamura, Hidekazu Misaki, Yousuke Takemura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of community-based medical education as a method of learning primary care is now common worldwide. However, in many cases community participation remains passive. This study sought to explore the effects of introducing community members into medical education as active teachers. Medical education taught directly by community members might be a key to comprehensive community-based learning. METHODS: This study was conducted in Japan at two postgraduate programs in community hospitals...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724001/food-marketing-targeting-children-unveiling-the-ethical-perspectives-in-the-discourse-on-self-regulation
#13
Dillian Adelaine Cesar da Silva, Antonio Carlos Rodrigues da Cunha, Thiago Rocha da Cunha, Caroline Filla Rosaneli
When it comes to food marketing, children are one of the major targets. Regulatory actions can play a strategic role in health protection. The objective of this research was to characterize the ethical perspective in the discourse against state regulatory actions on food marketing directed at children, aiming to understand the context of the discourse's production and how it creates meaning. The methodology adopted was qualitative, with documentary analysis and use of concepts and procedures from Discourse Analysis...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720923/a-narrative-review-of-medication-adherence-educational-interventions-for-health-professions-students
#14
REVIEW
Matthew J Witry, Michelle LaFever, Xiaomei Gu
Objective. To review published educational interventions focusing on medication non-adherence. Methods. A literature search was performed of educational articles on the topic of medication adherence. Data on interventions and learning assessments were abstracted for relevant studies meeting search criteria. Results. Twenty studies met inclusion criteria. Sixteen included pill-taking experiences with regimens of candies or placebos and varied in their inclusion of novel elements to highlight issues such as stigma, regimen complexity, and adherence measurement...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718600/-the-introduction-of-sexuality-during-gynaecological-consultation
#15
Angélick Schweizer
Many health organisms recommended to gynaecologists to actively address sexuality issues during consultation. However, physicians do not take systematically sexual history from their patients into account. The objective of this paper is to examine, on the basis of current knowledge and, more specifically on a Swiss study, gynaecologists' perceived obstacles and also patients' expectations with regard to sexuality issues. Findings highlighted a lack of training in sexology within medical programs. Moreover, it emphasized important mismatches on perceptions between gynaecologists and patients concerning the gynaecologist's role ; intimacy and even on the way of introducing sexuality topics...
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717749/perceptions-and-barriers-of-survivorship-care-in-asia-perceptions-from-asian-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Alexandre Chan, Zheng Kang Lum, Terence Ng, Tewodros Eyob, Xiao Jun Wang, Jung-Woo Chae, Sreemanee Dorajoo, Maung Shwe, Yan Xiang Gan, Rose Fok, Kiley Wei-Jen Loh, Yee Pin Tan, Gilbert Fan
PURPOSE: With the long-term goal to optimize post-treatment cancer care in Asia, we conducted a qualitative study to gather in-depth descriptions from multiethnic Asian breast cancer survivors on their perceptions and experiences of cancer survivorship and their perceived barriers to post-treatment follow-up. METHODS: Twenty-four breast cancer survivors in Singapore participated in six structured focus group discussions. The focus group discussions were voice recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed by thematic analysis...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717214/cumulative-dynamics-of-independent-information-spreading-behaviour-a-physical-perspective
#17
Cangqi Zhou, Qianchuan Zhao, Wenbo Lu
The popularization of information spreading in online social networks facilitates daily communication among people. Although much work has been done to study the effect of interactions among people on spreading, there is less work that considers the pattern of spreading behaviour when people independently make their decisions. By comparing microblogging, an important medium for information spreading, with the disordered spin glass system, we find that there exist interesting corresponding relationships between them...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715795/recycling-and-social-technologies-for-sustainability-the-brazilian-experience-of%C3%A2-wastepickers-inclusion-in-selective-collection-programs
#18
Francisco de Paula Antunes Lima, Fabiana Goulart de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Alternatives are being developed for waste treatment all over the world. Solidary selective collection is a recognized social technology for taking millions of people out of absolute poverty. However, this technology raises crucial questions regarding its nature and development perspective. What can be said of the legitimacy of a social technology that is born from misery and maintains wastepickers in precarious work conditions? OBJECTIVE: This article approaches issues based on the analysis of the wastepickers' work process, highlighting the difficulties and interpersonal conflicts, the strong social bonds and creativity that reveal the potential of efficiency and solidarity of this social technology...
July 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713852/the-role-of-context-in-the-implementation-of-trauma-focused-treatments-effectiveness-research-and-implementation-in-higher-and-lower-income-settings
#19
Jessica A Chen, Cecilia C Olin, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Debra Kaysen
In recent years, the implementation of trauma-focused treatments has expanded across settings that vary widely in the availability of resources, infrastructure, and personnel. The present review aims to inform researchers, policy makers, trainers, and administrators about this diverse range of research. Taking a global health perspective, this review of effectiveness trials and implementation studies compares strategies used in high-income countries to those in low- and medium-income countries. A primary difference between studies in high-income and low- and medium-income countries is the relative emphasis placed on fidelity or adaptation...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713301/understanding-the-impact-of-expertise-in-joint-and-solo-improvisation
#20
Johann Issartel, Mathieu Gueugnon, Ludovic Marin
Joint-improvisation is not only an open-ended creative action that two or more people perform together in the context of an artistic performance (e.g., theatre, music or dance). Joint-improvisation also takes place in daily life activities when humans take part in collective performance such as toddlers at play or adults engaged in a conversation. In the context of this article, joint-improvisation has been looked at from a social motor coordination perspective. In the literature, the nature of the social motor coordination characteristics of joint-improvisation for either the creative aspect or daily life features of this motor performance remains unclear...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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