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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166347/prepectoral-breast-reconstruction-the-breast-surgeon-s-perspective
#1
Toni Storm-Dickerson, Noemi Sigalove
Prepectoral breast reconstruction has been reemerging as a technique for postmastectomy implant-based reconstruction. Due to its advantage in eliminating animation deformity, shortening length of hospital stay and decreasing the amount of narcotics used for pain control, the technique has been embraced by patients and surgeons alike. The authors examined the breast surgeon's perspective regarding prepectoral reconstruction taking into consideration oncologic criteria, breast cancer recurrence, surgical technique, and the team approach to patient care...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165512/-antiretroviral-treatment-adherence-for-hiv-aids-in-women-a-sociocultural-perspective
#2
Julieta Belmar, Valeria Stuardo
BACKGROUND: Adequate adherence to HAART has a high impact on survival of AIDA patients. There is little consensus on the causes of low adherence to treatment in women, who are in a situation of inequality in terms of prevention and related care. OBJECTIVES: To explore and describe the socio-cultural aspects related to the adherence of women to antiretroviral treatment for HIV / AIDS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Qualitative, exploratory-descriptive study...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164293/evaluating-partnerships-to-enhance-disaster-risk-management-using-multi-criteria-analysis-an-application-at-the-pan-european-level
#3
REVIEW
Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler, Anna Lorant
Disaster risk is increasingly recognized as a major development challenge. Recent calls emphasize the need to proactively engage in disaster risk reduction, as well as to establish new partnerships between private and public sector entities in order to decrease current and future risks. Very often such potential partnerships have to meet different objectives reflecting on the priorities of stakeholders involved. Consequently, potential partnerships need to be assessed on multiple criteria to determine weakest links and greatest threats in collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163727/pharmacists-perspective-on-the-take-home-naloxone-program-the-phantom-study
#4
Jenny Edwards, Duane Bates, Brett Edwards, Sunita Ghosh, Mark Yarema
Objective: To evaluate pharmacists' attitudes toward the Take Home Naloxone (THN) program and identify areas that could be improved to support pharmacists' involvement. Methods: Pharmacists on the Alberta College of Pharmacists' directory were invited to complete an online survey between July 10 and August 8, 2016. The survey consisted of 19 questions. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Results: Four hundred seventy pharmacists completed the survey (response rate = 11...
July 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163633/new-tools-in-orthology-analysis-a-brief-review-of-promising-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Bruno T L Nichio, Jeroniza Nunes Marchaukoski, Roberto Tadeu Raittz
Nowadays defying homology relationships among sequences is essential for biological research. Within homology the analysis of orthologs sequences is of great importance for computational biology, annotation of genomes and for phylogenetic inference. Since 2007, with the increase in the number of new sequences being deposited in large biological databases, researchers have begun to analyse computerized methodologies and tools aimed at selecting the most promising ones in the prediction of orthologous groups...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162019/the-health-gap-doctors-and-the-social-determinants-of-health
#6
Michael Marmot
The social gradient in health has the clear implication that action to improve health and reduce inequalities has to take place at social level, not simply depending on individual changes. Individuals' ability to change is constrained by social circumstances. The evidence that the magnitude of the gradient varies between countries, and can change within a country over time, suggests that conscious strategies to change it can be successful. In my review of evidence in Britain, the Marmot Review, we made recommendations in six domains: give every child the best start in life; education and life-long learning; employment and working conditions; ensure that everyone has at least the minimum income necessary to lead a health life; healthy and sustainable places; taking a social determinants approach to prevention...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161607/how-discrimination-and-perspective-taking-influence-adolescents-attitudes-about-justice
#7
Hannah F Rasmussen, Michelle C Ramos, Sohyun C Han, Corey Pettit, Gayla Margolin
Little is known about factors influencing adolescents' justice attitudes. This online study investigates perspective-taking and experiences with discrimination for their associations with adolescents' beliefs about how justice is best served. Participants included 179 ethnically/racially diverse high school students (Mage = 16.67 years; SD = 1.02). Higher perspective-taking was associated with less punitive and more restorative attitudes. Youth reporting more personal and ethnic/racial discrimination experiences endorsed more restorative justice attitudes...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160737/community-singing-groups-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-participant-perspectives
#8
Ann Skingley, Stephen Clift, Sadie Hurley, Sonia Price, Lizzi Stephens
AIM: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health issue which is irreversible and progressive, but previous research suggests that singing may have beneficial effects. The aim of this study was to establish the views of participants with COPD taking part in a singing for better breathing programme. METHODS: This was a descriptive qualitative study nested within a single-cohort feasibility study which included measures of lung function and wellbeing...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159446/reflecting-before-testing-comment-on-personal-genomic-testing-genetic-inheritance-and-uncertainty
#9
Jacqueline Savard
This response is a comment on the case of Jordan presented by Mason (2017). A key perspective we can take from this case is a consideration of: consumer motivations for testing, whether they have enough information and time to make a decision, and if the test they seek is entirely appropriate for them at their current stage of life.
November 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159330/taking-advantage-of-co-ii-induced-enhanced-vcd-for-the-fast-and-sensitive-determination-of-enantiomeric-excess
#10
Lorenzo Arrico, Gaetano Angelici, Lorenzo Di Bari
Co(ii) induces a large VCD signal enhancement, which overcomes the low sensitivity of VCD and opens new perspectives in quantitative VCD. We used a stereodynamic system, where the analyte determines the chirality of the Co(ii) coordination sphere. The strong VCD signals stand out the baseline, which allows for their rapid and accurate quantitation. This lends itself to the first general method for the ee determination of α-amino acids based on vibrational circular dichroism and constitutes a model for the design of sensitive quantitative assays based on VCD...
November 21, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158965/colour-change-of-twig-mimicking-peppered-moth-larvae-is-a-continuous-reaction-norm-that-increases-camouflage-against-avian-predators
#11
Amy Eacock, Hannah M Rowland, Nicola Edmonds, Ilik J Saccheri
Camouflage, and in particular background-matching, is one of the most common anti-predator strategies observed in nature. Animals can improve their match to the colour/pattern of their surroundings through background selection, and/or by plastic colour change. Colour change can occur rapidly (a few seconds), or it may be slow, taking hours to days. Many studies have explored the cues and mechanisms behind rapid colour change, but there is a considerable lack of information about slow colour change in the context of predation: the cues that initiate it, and the range of phenotypes that are produced...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158764/fetal-and-preterm-infant-microbiomes-a-new-perspective-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#12
REVIEW
Yong-Sung Choi, In Gyu Song
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating condition of hospitalized preterm infants. Numerous studies have attempted to identify the cause of NEC by examining the immunological features associated with pathogenic microorganisms. No single organism has proven responsible for the disease; however, immunological studies are now focused on the microbiome. Recent research has investigated the numerous bacterial species residing in the body and their role in diseases in preterm infants. The timing of initial microbial colonization is a subject of interest...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157495/calculation-of-15-n-nmr-chemical-shifts-recent-advances-and-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Leonid B Krivdin
Recent advances in computation of (15)N NMR chemical shifts are reviewed, concentrating mainly on practical aspects of computational protocols and accuracy factors. The review includes the discussion of the level of theory, the choice of density functionals and basis sets together with taking into account solvent effects, rovibrational corrections and relativistic effects. Computational aspects of (15)N NMR are illustrated for the series of neutral and protonated open-chain nitrogen-containing compounds and nitrogen heterocycles, coordination and intermolecular complexes...
November 2017: Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157366/culling-from-the-actors-perspectives-decision-making-criteria-for-culling-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-dairy-herds-enrolled-in-a-veterinary-preventive-medicine-program
#14
Denis Haine, Roger Cue, Asheber Sewalem, Kevin Wade, René Lacroix, Daniel Lefebvre, Jonathan Rushton, Julie Arsenault, Émile Bouchard, Jocelyn Dubuc
The series of events leading to the decision to cull a cow is complex, involving both individual-level and herd-level factors. While the decision is guided by financial returns, it is also influenced by social and psychological factors. Research studies on the motivational and behavioural aspects of farmers' decision utility are sparse, and nonexistent regarding culling expectations and its decision process. Our goal was to identify shared criteria on culling decisions held by dairy producers and farm advisers, with the help of the Q-methodology...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157259/a-qualitative-exploration-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-contraceptive-use-abortion-and-post-abortion-family-planning-services-pafp-in-three-provinces-in-china
#15
Yan Che, Esther Dusabe-Richards, Shangchun Wu, Yi Jiang, Xiaojing Dong, Jian Li, Wei-Hong Zhang, Marleen Temmerman, Rachel Tolhurst
BACKGROUND: The INPAC project aims to evaluate the effectiveness of integrated post-abortion family planning (PAFP) services into existing hospital based abortion services in China. A qualitative study was conducted in three provinces to contribute to developing effective PAFP services through understanding influences on contraceptive use, experiences of abortion and existing PAFP, and their effect on future contraceptive practices from the perspective of users, in the context of social and institutional change...
November 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156240/mental-files-theory-of-mind-when-do-children-consider-agents-acquainted-with-different-object-identities
#16
Michael Huemer, Josef Perner, Brian Leahy
Mental files theory explains why children pass many perspective taking tasks like the false belief test around age 4 (Perner & Leahy, 2016). It also explains why older children struggle to understand that beliefs about an object depend on how one is acquainted with it (intensionality or aspectuality). If Heinz looks at an object that is both a die and an eraser, but cannot tell by looking that it is an eraser, he will not reach for it if he needs an eraser. Four- to 6-year olds find this difficult (Apperly & Robinson, 1998)...
November 16, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154641/do-the-antecedents-and-consequences-of-loneliness-change-from-middle-adulthood-into-old-age
#17
Anne Böger, Oliver Huxhold
Loneliness is a stressful experience that appears to interfere with health and social integration (SI). Recently, researchers proposed that both antecedents and consequences of loneliness may change across the life span. To fully understand the processes related to loneliness it may thus be crucial to adopt an age-differentiated perspective. This study contributes to the literature by investigating how the interrelationship between loneliness and SI and that between loneliness and physical health changes as people move from middle adulthood into old age...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154620/seeing-it-both-ways-using-a-double-cuing-task-to-investigate-the-role-of-spatial-cuing-in-level-1-visual-perspective-taking
#18
John Michael, Thomas Wolf, Clément Letesson, Stephen Butterfill, Joshua Skewes, Jakob Hohwy
Previous research using the dot-perspective task has produced evidence that humans may be equipped with a mechanism that spontaneously tracks others' gaze direction and thereby acquires information about what they can see. Other findings, however, support the alternative hypothesis that a spatial-cuing mechanism underpins the effect observed in the dot-perspective task. To adjudicate between these hypotheses, we developed a double-cuing version of Posner's (1980) spatial-cuing paradigm to be implemented in the dot-perspective task, and conducted 3 experiments in which we manipulated stimulus-onset asynchrony, as well as secondary task demands...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154584/digital-altruists-resolving-key-questions-about-the-empathy-altruism-hypothesis-in-an-internet-sample
#19
William H B McAuliffe, Daniel E Forster, Joachner Philippe, Michael E McCullough
Researchers have identified the capacity to take the perspective of others as a precursor to empathy-induced altruistic motivation. Consequently, investigators frequently use so-called perspective-taking instructions to manipulate empathic concern. However, most experiments using perspective-taking instructions have had modest sample sizes, undermining confidence in the replicability of results. In addition, it is unknown whether perspective-taking instructions work because they increase empathic concern or because comparison conditions reduce empathic concern (or both)...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154492/exploring-factors-that-impact-activity-participation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-developmental-disabilities
#20
A Taheri, A Perry, P Minnes
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of social participation, children and adolescents with developmental disabilities (DD) are often excluded from taking part in social activities. There is a gap in the literature about the factors that contribute to adequate participation of children with severe DD in particular and the barriers to their participation. Taking an ecological perspective, the purpose of this study was to examine child, family and community variables that may impact the activity participation of children and adolescents with severe DD...
December 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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