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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342416/joint-carbon-footprint-assessment-and-data-envelopment-analysis-for-the-reduction-of-greenhouse-gas-emissions-in-agriculture-production
#1
Ricardo Rebolledo-Leiva, Lidia Angulo-Meza, Alfredo Iriarte, Marcela C González-Araya
Operations management tools are critical in the process of evaluating and implementing action towards a low carbon production. Currently, a sustainable production implies both an efficient resource use and the obligation to meet targets for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The carbon footprint (CF) tool allows estimating the overall amount of GHG emissions associated with a product or activity throughout its life cycle. In this paper, we propose a four-step method for a joint use of CF assessment and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)...
March 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339427/a-critical-analysis-of-obamacare-affordable-care-or-insurance-for-many-and-coverage-for-few
#2
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Standiford Helm Ii, Ramsin M Benyamin, Joshua A Hirsch
The Affordable Care Act (ACA), of 2010, or Obamacare, was the most monumental change in US health care policy since the passage of Medicaid and Medicare in 1965. Since its enactment, numerous claims have been made on both sides of the aisle regarding the ACA's success or failure; these views often colored by political persuasion. The ACA had 3 primary goals: increasing the number of the insured, improving the quality of care, and reducing the costs of health care. One point often lost in the discussion is the distinction between affordability and access...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338791/brains-in-dialogue-decoding-neural-preparation-of-speaking-to-a-conversational-partner
#3
Anna K Kuhlen, Carsten Bogler, Susan E Brennan, John-Dylan Haynes
In dialogue, language processing is adapted to the conversational partner. We hypothesize that the brain facilitates partner-adapted language processing through preparatory neural configurations (task sets) that are tailored to the conversational partner. In this experiment, we measured neural activity with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while healthy participants in the scanner (a) engaged in a verbal communication task with a conversational partner outside of the scanner, or (b) spoke outside of a conversational context (to test the microphone)...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337689/managing-chronic-pain-in-primary-care-it-really-does-take-a-village
#4
Karen Seal, William Becker, Jennifer Tighe, Yongmei Li, Tessa Rife
Some healthcare systems are relieving primary care providers (PCPs) of "the burden" of managing chronic pain and opioid prescribing, instead offloading chronic pain management to pain specialists. Last year the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended a biopsychosocial approach to pain management that discourages opioid use and promotes exercise therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and non-opioid medications as first-line patient-centered, multi-modal treatments best delivered by an interdisciplinary team...
March 23, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336097/ranking-current-and-prospective-no2-pollution-mitigation-strategies-an-environmental-and-economic-modelling-investigation-in-oxford-street-london
#5
A P R Jeanjean, J Gallagher, P S Monks, R J Leigh
Air pollution continues to be a problem in the urban environment. A range of different pollutant mitigation strategies that promote dispersion and deposition exist, but there is little evidence with respect to their comparative performance from both an environmental and economic perspective. This paper focuses on examining different NO2 mitigation strategies such as trees, buildings facades coated with photocatalytic paint and solid barriers in Oxford Street in London. The case study findings will support ranking the environmental and economic impacts of these different strategies to improve personal exposure conditions on the footpath and on the road in a real urban street canyon...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335801/different-challenges-different-approaches-and-related-expenditures-of-community-based-tuberculosis-activities-by-international-non-governmental-organizations-in-myanmar
#6
Wai Wai Han, Saw Saw, Petros Isaakidis, Mohammed Khogali, Anthony Reid, Nguyen Hoa, Ko Ko Zaw, Si Thu Aung
BACKGROUND: International non-governmental organizations (INGOs) have been implementing community-based tuberculosis (TB) care (CBTBC) in Myanmar since 2011. Although the National TB Programme (NTP) ultimately plans to take over CBTBC, there have been no evaluations of the models of care or of the costs of providing CBTBC in Myanmar by INGOs. METHODS: This was a descriptive study using routinely-collected programmatic and financial data from four INGOs during 2013 and 2014, adjusted for inflation...
March 24, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335415/time-modulated-arrays-from-their-origin-to-their-utilization-in-wireless-communication-systems
#7
REVIEW
Roberto Maneiro-Catoira, Julio Brégains, José A García-Naya, Luis Castedo
Time-modulated arrays (TMAs) are electromagnetic systems whose radiated power pattern is controlled by the application of variable-width periodical pulses to the individual elements. The nonlinear nature of the array operation causes the appearance of radiation patterns at the harmonic frequencies of such periodic pulses. The technique can be used for improving the side-lobe level (SLL) topology of the radiation pattern at the central frequency and/or to profitably exploit the harmonic patterns in order to supply smart antenna capabilities...
March 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334802/engagement-strategies-that-foster-community-self-determination-in-participatory-research-insider-ownership-through-outsider-championship
#8
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background.: In order to maximize the benefits of community-based participatory research, effective ownership over the research process must be at least equally in the hands of the community. A previous social network analysis documented that the participatory research process shifted ownership from academic to community partners, but did not show what actions and strategies fostered this shift. Objectives.: This study follows the trajectory of a community-academic partnership and asks, from the perspective of the project stakeholders, which actions and strategies over the lifespan of the research led to the observed shift in ownership and decision-making from the original external academics to the community stakeholders? Methods...
February 18, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333256/analgesia-use-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-cryptorchidism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Jason Gurney, Lorenzo Richiardi, Katherine A McGlynn, Virginia Signal, Diana Sarfati
STUDY QUESTION: Are boys who are born to mothers who use analgesics during pregnancy at increased risk of cryptorchidism compared to those born to mothers who do not take analgesia? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this systematic review and meta-analysis of 10 published studies, we observed only weak evidence of an association between analgesia use during pregnancy and risk of cryptorchidism in the son. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Concentrations of analgesia relevant to human exposure have been implicated as causing endocrine disturbances in the developing foetal testis...
March 8, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332352/development-of-inhibitors-targeting-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-and-2-for-cancer-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Tianchi Yu, Bo Tang, Xueying Sun
Hypoxia is frequently observed in solid tumors and also one of the major obstacles for effective cancer therapies. Cancer cells take advantage of their ability to adapt hypoxia to initiate a special transcriptional program that renders them more aggressive biological behaviors. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are the key factors that control hypoxia-inducible pathways by regulating the expression of a vast array of genes involved in cancer progression and treatment resistance. HIFs, mainly HIF-1 and -2, have become potential targets for developing novel cancer therapeutics...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332206/contract-care-in-dentistry-sense-making-of-the-concept-and-in-practice-when-multiple-institutional-logics-are-at-play
#11
Ylva Ulfsdotter Eriksson, Karin Berg, Ulla Wide Boman, Magnus Hakeberg
In 2009 contract dental care was introduced into Sweden's Public Dental Service under a programme called Dental Care for Health (DCH). Previous research has revealed a possible dilemma whereby dental care professionals had the role of insurance agent foisted upon them, as they were assigned the task of 'selling contracts'. Using qualitative interviews, this study explores how these professionals make sense of contract dental care today. Drawing on the concepts of occupational and organisational professionalism, in combination with the institutional logics perspective, we discern that dental care professionals are entangled in multiple rationalities when reasoning about and dealing with DCH...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331499/qualitative-reflections-casa-s-trauma-and-attachment-group-tag-program-for-youth-who-have-experienced-early-developmental-trauma
#12
Chandra K Ashton, Anna O'Brien-Langer, Karin Olson, Peter H Silverstone
OBJECTIVE: We demonstrated previously that the Trauma and Attachment Group (TAG) program for youth in middle childhood significantly improved caregiver/child attachment relationships, reduced children's symptoms of attachment trauma, and increased the caregiver's ability for self-reflection. Here we examine the perspectives of both those administering and those taking part in this intensive dyad-based group intervention. METHODS: Utilizing an ethnographic design we collected and analyzed qualitative data obtained through a focus group and interviews with program facilitators, as well as interviews with participating caregivers...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331111/longitudinal-monitoring-of-tree-airborne-pollen-in-japan
#13
Reiko Kishikawa, Eiko Kotoh, Chie Oshikawa, Nobuo Soh, Terufumi Shimoda, Akemi Saito, Norio Sahashi, Tadao Enomoto, Atsushi Usami, Hidetoyo Teranishi, Yohko Fujisaki, Toshitaka Yokoyama, Kohji Murayama, Tohru Imai, Yuma Fukutomi, Masami Taniguchi, Tomoaki Iwanaga
RATIONAL: In Japan patients with Japanese Cedar (JC) pollinosis have increased nation widely since the latter of 1970's. The Ministry of Health and Welfare of Japanese Governments has begun to take preventive measures against JC pollinosis and airborne pollen monitoring has begun to investigate as a causative agent since 1986. We have estimated the longitudinal investigation result for successful prevention and treatment against pollinosis in Japan. METHOD: We have monitored airborne pollen all year around since July 1986 by gravitational pollen sampler, Durham's sampler, at more than 20 locations in the Japanese Islands...
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330374/recent-developments-in-the-use-of-tyrosinase-and-laccase-in-environmental-applications
#14
Sidy Ba, Vaidyanathan Vinoth Kumar
Our current global environmental challenges include the reduction of harmful chemicals and their derivatives. Bioremediation has been a key strategy to control the massive presence of chemicals in the environment. Enzymes including the phenoloxidases, laccases and tyrosinases, are increasingly being investigated as "green products" in the removal of many chemical contaminants in waters and soils. Both phenoloxidases are widespread in nature and attractive biocatalysts due to their ability to use readily available molecular oxygen as sole cofactor for their catalytic elimination of a large number of chemicals...
March 22, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329782/theories-of-memory-and-aging-a-look-at-the-past-and-a-glimpse-of-the-future
#15
Denise C Park, Sara B Festini
The present article reviews theories of memory and aging over the past 50 years. Particularly notable is a progression from early single-mechanism perspectives to complex multifactorial models proposed to account for commonly observed age deficits in memory function. The seminal mechanistic theories of processing speed, limited resources, and inhibitory deficits are discussed and viewed as especially important theories for understanding age-related memory decline. Additionally, advances in multivariate techniques including structural equation modeling provided new tools that led to the development of more complex multifactorial theories than existed earlier...
June 2, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328935/intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-in-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-pharmaco-economic-study-from-the-perspective-of-the-national-health-insurance-system
#16
Thierry Thomas, Françoise Amouroux, Patrice Vincent
INTRODUCTION: Pharmaco-economic data on the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) with intra articular hyaluronic acid (IA HA) viscosupplementation is limited. We contrasted IA HA with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). METHODS: Observational, prospective and multicenter study comparing treatments of knee OA costs and efficacy with either NSAIDs alone, or hyaluronic acid (Arthrum H 2%®), during a 6-month follow-up period. The investigators were pharmacists who recorded data on disease, drug consumption and healthcare circuit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328671/hemorrhagic-blood-failure-oxygen-debt-coagulopathy-and-endothelial-damage
#17
Nathan J White, Kevin R Ward, Shibani Pati, Geir Strandenes, Andrew P Cap
Our understanding of the events taking place within the blood following severe injury with hemorrhagic shock is quickly evolving. Traditional concepts have given way to a detailed and nuanced understanding of coagulopathy, bleeding, and shock at the cellular and biochemical levels. In doing so, the tremendous complexity of events taking place within the blood have been illuminated and present an additional challenge. In this review, we seek to understand shock, endotheliopathy, and coagulopathy not as isolated events, but rather as the result of changes taking place within a single dynamic organ system...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327989/using-and-understanding-cross-validation-strategies-perspectives-on-saeb-et%C3%A2-al
#18
Max A Little, Gael Varoquaux, Sohrab Saeb, Luca Lonini, Arun Jayaraman, David C Mohr, Konrad P Kording
This three-part review takes a detailed look at the complexities of cross validation, fostered by the peer review of Saeb et al.'s paper entitled The need to approximate the use-case in clinical machine learning. It contains perspectives by reviewers and by the original authors that touch upon cross-validation: the suitability of different strategies and their interpretation.
March 17, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327253/the-wolf-will-live-with-the-lamb
#19
Richard Ronay, Joshua M Tybur
Maestripieri et al. pit evolutionary psychology against social psychological and economic perspectives in a winner-take-all empirical battle. In doing so, they risk positioning evolutionary psychology as an antagonistic subdisciplinary enterprise. We worry that such a framing may exacerbate tensions between "competing" scientific perspectives and limit evolutionary psychology's potential to serve as a unifying core theory.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327202/patients-perspective-of-disease-and-medication-adherence-for-type-2-diabetes-in-an-urban-area-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-study
#20
Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Tuhin Biswas, Faiz A Bhuiyan, Kamrun Mustafa, Anwar Islam
BACKGROUND: Patients' perspective of diabetes and adherence to its prescribed medications is a significant predictor of glycemic control and overall management of the disease. However, there is a paucity of such information in Bangladesh. This study aimed to explore patients' perspective of diabetes, their experience of taking oral hypoglycemic medications and explore factors that contribute to medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted in-depth face-to-face interviews with 12 type 2 diabetes patients attending a tertiary hospital in Dhaka city between February and March, 2014...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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