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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351907/energy-connections-and-misconnections-across-chemistry-and-biology
#1
Kathryn P Kohn, Sonia M Underwood, Melanie M Cooper
Despite the number of university students who take courses in multiple science disciplines, little is known about how they connect concepts between disciplines. Energy is a concept that underlies all scientific phenomena and, as such, provides an appropriate context in which to investigate student connections and misconnections across disciplines. In this study, university students concurrently enrolled in introductory chemistry and biology were interviewed to explore their perceptions of the integration of energy both within and across the disciplines, and how they attempted to accommodate and reconcile different disciplinary approaches to energy, to inform future, interdisciplinary course reform...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351900/employees-perspectives-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-engaging-with-digital-mental-health-interventions-in-the-workplace-qualitative-study
#2
Stephany Carolan, Richard O de Visser
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of work-related stress, depression, and anxiety are high, resulting in reduced productivity and increased absenteeism. There is evidence that these conditions can be successfully treated in the workplace, but take-up of psychological treatments among workers is low. Digital mental health interventions delivered in the workplace may be one way to address this imbalance, but although there is evidence that digital mental health is effective at treating stress, depression, and anxiety in the workplace, uptake of and engagement with these interventions remains a concern...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351661/estimation-of-measurement-uncertainty-in-quantitation-of-benzoylecgonine-bze-and-11-nor-%C3%AE-9-thc-9-carboxylic-acid-thca
#3
Darryl P Arfsten, Erick Roman Perez, Neal C Goebel
Calculating measurement uncertainty is a helpful exercise for identifying components or steps in a forensic analytical procedure that contribute to measurement variance. In this study, we used a bottom up approach to identify components in our procedures that contribute to measurement variance in our Department of Defense (DoD) Drug Demand Reduction Program (DDRP) Gas Chromatography Mass Spectroscopy (GCMS) analytical procedures for benzoylecgonine (BZE) and the THC metabolite, 11-nor-Δ9-THC-9-carboxylic acid (THCA) at 125% the DDRP concentration threshold (cutoff)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349516/new-perspectives-in-the-history-of-twentieth-century-life-sciences-historical-historiographical-and-epistemological-themes
#4
Robert Meunier, Kärin Nickelsen
The history of twentieth-century life sciences is not exactly a new topic. However, in view of the increasingly rapid development of the life sciences themselves over the past decades, some of the well-established narratives are worth revisiting. Taking stock of where we stand on these issues was the aim of a conference in 2015, entitled "Perspectives for the History of Life Sciences" (Munich, Oct 30-Nov 1, 2015). The papers in this topical collection are based on work presented and discussed at and around this meeting...
January 18, 2018: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349208/in-sickness-and-in-health-the-role-of-marital-partners-in-cancer-survival
#5
Astri Syse, Torkild Hovde Lyngstad
Married cancer patients enjoy a survival advantage, potentially attributable to better health at diagnosis, earlier contact with health personnel, and/or access to resources to ensure more optimal treatment. These mechanisms only invoke the mere presence of a partner, but partners bring varying amounts of resources into the household. It is likely that also spousal resources contribute to differentials in survival net of own resources, as gradients in survival by the latter are well documented. Our aim is to examine the combined roles of own and spouses' socioeconomic characteristics (SES) and age for cancer survival...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347903/child-caregiver-and-health-care-provider-perspectives-and-experiences-regarding-disclosure-of-hiv-status-to-perinatally-infected-children-in-lima-peru
#6
Amira Noori Baker, Angela Marie Bayer, Lenka Kolevic, Lizzete Najarro, Rolando Mario Viani, Jaime Gerardo Deville
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations for disclosure of HIV status to children living with HIV (CLHIV), fewer than half of CLHIV at the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño (INSN) in Lima, Peru, have had disclosure. How and when the disclosure process for CLHIV should take place in Peru has not been studied. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study at INSN to explore perceptions and experiences of 6 health care providers (HCPs), 14 disclosed and nondisclosed CLHIV (8-17 years), and their 14 caregivers regarding knowledge of illness, disclosure of HIV status, and appropriate disclosure approaches...
January 2018: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347173/hybrid-colored-noise-process-with-space-dependent-switching-rates
#7
Paul C Bressloff, Sean D Lawley
A fundamental issue in the theory of continuous stochastic process is the interpretation of multiplicative white noise, which is often referred to as the Itô-Stratonovich dilemma. From a physical perspective, this reflects the need to introduce additional constraints in order to specify the nature of the noise, whereas from a mathematical perspective it reflects an ambiguity in the formulation of stochastic differential equations (SDEs). Recently, we have identified a mechanism for obtaining an Itô SDE based on a form of temporal disorder...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343932/effects-of-multimodal-mandala-yoga-on-social-and-emotional-skills-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-exploratory-study
#8
Lyn Gorbett Litchke, Ting Liu, Stephanie Castro
Context: Youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrates impairment in the ability to socially and emotionally relate to others that can limit participation in groups, interaction with peers, and building successful life relationships. Aims: The aim of this exploratory study was to examine the effects of a novel multimodal Mandala yoga program on social and emotional skills for youth with ASD. Subjects and Methods: Five males with ASD attended 1 h yoga sessions, twice a week for 4 weeks...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341651/lattice-homotopy-constraints-on-phases-of-quantum-magnets
#9
Hoi Chun Po, Haruki Watanabe, Chao-Ming Jian, Michael P Zaletel
The Lieb-Schultz-Mattis (LSM) theorem and its extensions forbid trivial phases from arising in certain quantum magnets. Constraining infrared behavior with the ultraviolet data encoded in the microscopic lattice of spins, these theorems tie the absence of spontaneous symmetry breaking to the emergence of exotic phases like quantum spin liquids. In this work, we take a new topological perspective on these theorems, by arguing they originate from an obstruction to "trivializing" the lattice under smooth, symmetric deformations, which we call the "lattice homotopy problem...
September 22, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338570/a-novel-rubric-to-evaluate-wearable-cameras-for-assessment-of-interrater-reliability
#10
Amanda C Jozkowski, Echo A Presgraves, Krista L Hodges, Erica N Wirth, Nicole E Brandstetter, Molly T Thayer
Research has reported on traditional methods of assessing interrater reliability but, currently, no such standard protocol exists for selection of alternative methods of assessing interrater reliability, such as wearable video cameras. The professions of occupational therapy and occupational science take a unique ecological perspective when evaluating individuals, which focuses on the naturalistic perspective of an individual, ideally resulting in optimal performance. Given current advancements in technology, wearable, low-cost, unobtrusive, first-person view digital video cameras are readily available for use in research...
January 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338121/does-confucianism-allow-for-body-donation
#11
REVIEW
D Gareth Jones, Jing-Bao Nie
Confucianism has been widely perceived as a major moral and cultural obstacle to the donation of bodies for anatomical purposes. The rationale for this is the Confucian stress on xiao (filial piety), whereby individuals' bodies are to be intact at death. In the view of many, the result is a prohibition on the donation of bodies to anatomy departments for the purpose of dissection. The role of dissection throughout the development of anatomy within a Confucian context is traced, and in contemporary China the establishment of donation programs and the appearance of memorial monuments is noted...
January 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336590/modern-perspectives-on-the-health-benefits-of-kefir-in-next-generation-sequencing-era-improvement-of-the-host-gut-microbiota
#12
Dong-Hyeon Kim, Dana Jeong, Hyunsook Kim, Kun-Ho Seo
Kefir is a natural complex fermented milk product containing more than 50 species of probiotic bacteria and yeast, and has been demonstrated to have multiple properties conferring health benefits, including antiobesity, anti-hepatic steatosis, antioxidative, antiallergenic, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, cholesterol-lowering, constipation-alleviating, and antimicrobial properties. To better understand the underlying mechanisms of these benefits, we here review research on the effect of kefir (and kefir microorganisms) consumption to modulate the host gut microbiota...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334802/youth-and-young-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-transition-towards-work-related-roles-a-qualitative-study
#13
Alicia Paniccia, Heather Colquhoun, Bonnie Kirsh, Sally Lindsay
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to explore the experiences of youth and young adults with acquired brain injury as they transition towards work-related roles. Little is known about employment experiences among this age group. Understanding their perspectives can inform programs and clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive qualitative design, including semi-structured interviews with 14 participants (8 females; 6 males) was used. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using an open-coding, thematic approach...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332566/stimuli-responsive-nanoparticles-for-controlled-anti-cancer-drug-release
#14
Qi Tang, Bing Yu, Lilong Gao, Hailin Cong, Na Song, Chenghao Lu
Conventional drugs used for cancer chemotherapy have severe toxic side effects and show individually varied therapeutic responses. The convergence of nanotechnology, biology, material science and pharmacy offers a perspective strategy for cancer chemotherapy. Nanoparticles loaded with anti-cancer drug have been designed to overcome the limitations associated with conventional drugs, several nanomedicines have been approved by FDA and shown good performances in clinical practice. However, the therapeutic efficacies cannot be enhanced...
January 10, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332145/the-experiences-and-beliefs-of-older-people-in-scottish-very-sheltered-housing-about-using-multi-compartment-compliance-aids
#15
Derek Stewart, Kathrine Gibson Smith, Joan MacLeod, Alison Strath, Vibhu Paudyal, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Scott Cunningham, Katie MacLure
Background Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are promoted as a potential solution to medicines non-adherence despite the absence of high quality evidence of effectiveness of MCA use impacting medicines adherence or any clinical outcomes. Furthermore, there is a lack of qualitative research which focuses on the perspectives of older people receiving MCAs. Objectives To describe experiences and beliefs surrounding very sheltered housing (VSH) residents' use of MCAs with emphasis on issues of personalisation, reablement, shared decision-making, independence and support...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330957/behavioral-correlates-of-cranial-muscle-functional-morphology
#16
Adam Hartstone-Rose, Sharlene E Santana
This issue of the Anatomical Record is the first of a two-volume set that focuses on new investigations into behavioral correlates of muscle functional morphology. Much of the research on functional morphology and adaptation to specific functional niches focuses on the shapes of hard-tissues-bones and teeth. Investigations into soft-tissue anatomy tend to be predominantly descriptive with only brief allusion to ontogenetic or evolutionary origins of structures. When muscles are included in analyses of functional systems, their function tends to be oversimplified-usually considered a simple force vector connecting two osteological points, with the force treated as a constant derived from some simple calculation of muscle size...
February 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328282/recommended-conceptual-optical-system-design-for-china-s-large-optical-infrared-telescope-lot
#17
Donglin Ma
Recently, China is planning to construct a new large optical-infrared telescope (LOT), in which the aperture of the primary mirror is as large as 12m. China's LOT is a general-purpose telescope, which is aimed to work with multiple scientific instruments such as spectrographs. Based on the requirements of LOT telescope, we have compared the performance of Ritchey-Chrétien (RC) design and Aplanatic-Gregorian (AG) design from the perspective of scientific performance and construction cost. By taking the primary focal ratio, Nasmyth focal ratio, and telescope's site condition into consideration, we finally recommend a RC f/1...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327977/status-and-challenges-of-predicting-and-diagnosing-sepsis-in-burn-patients
#18
Mile Stanojcic, Roohi Vinaik, Marc G Jeschke
Burns are a common form of trauma that account for more than 300,000 deaths each year worldwide. Survival rates have improved over the past decades because of improvements in nutritional and fluid support, burn wound care, and infection control practices. Death, however, remains unacceptably high. The primary cause of death has changed over the last decades from anoxic causes to now predominantly infections and sepsis. Sepsis and septic complications are not only major contributors to poor outcomes, but they further result in longer hospital stay and higher healthcare costs...
January 12, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327801/tense-and-plural-formation-in-welsh-english-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#19
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327599/motor-skills-cognition-and-work-performance-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#20
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Dikla Elgerisi, Adam Easterbrook, Navah Z Ratzon
PURPOSE: Employment offers many benefits to people with mental illness, yet their employment rate is much lower than that of the general population. We investigated the effect of work-related motor skills, neurocognition, and job attitudes on the work performance of people with mental illness, comparing those working in sheltered workshops, with controls working in similar jobs. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with severe mental illness and 27 controls matched by gender and age were enrolled into the study using convenience sampling...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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