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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535474/peer-navigators-to-promote-engagement-of-homeless-african-americans-with-serious-mental-illness-in-primary-care
#1
Patrick W Corrigan, Susan Pickett, Annie Schmidt, Edward Stellon, Erin Hantke, Dana Kraus, Rachel Dubke
Homeless African Americans with serious mental illness experience higher rates of morbidity and mortality than adults with severe mental illness alone. Peer navigators, individuals with similar lived experiences, may help these individuals navigate the healthcare system to improve healthcare utilization. This study examined whether the Peer Navigator Program (PNP) improved scheduling and achieving healthcare appointments compared to treatment as usual (TAU) over the course of 12 months, including three periods within that timeframe: engagement (first three months), impact (middle six months), and maintenance (final six months)...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535408/differences-in-clinical-and-cognitive-variables-in-seasonal-affective-disorder-compared-to-depressive-related-disorders-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#2
I Morales-Muñoz, S Koskinen, T Partonen
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression with seasonal pattern. Although it involves some idiosyncratic symptoms, it can overlap with other depressive disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD) or dysthymia. We aimed to characterize the differences in specific cognitive and clinical symptoms between SAD and depressive-related disorders. METHODS: In total, 4554 Finnish subjects from the population-based Health 2011 Survey were interviewed with the Munich version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI) and filled in the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ)...
March 28, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535397/quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-hiv-aids-who-present-poor-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-salvador-brazil
#3
Mónica Narváez Betancur, Liliane Lins, Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Carlos Brites
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy marked a major gain in efficacy of HIV/AIDS treatment and a reduction in morbidity and mortality of the infected patients. However, high levels of adherence are required to obtain virologic suppression. In Brazil, the policy of free and universal access to antiretroviral therapy has been in place since 1996, although there are reports of poor adherence. OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical, demographic and psychological characteristics, and quality of life of patients with HIV/AIDS who present poor adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535372/a-brain-region-specific-neural-pathway-regulating-germinal-matrix-angiogenesis
#4
Shang Ma, Devi Santhosh, Peeyush Kumar T, Zhen Huang
Intimate communication between neural and vascular cells is critical for normal brain development and function. Germinal matrix (GM), a key primordium for the brain reward circuitry, is unique among brain regions for its distinct pace of angiogenesis and selective vulnerability to hemorrhage during development. A major neonatal condition, GM hemorrhage can lead to cerebral palsy, hydrocephalus, and mental retardation. Here we identify a brain-region-specific neural progenitor-based signaling pathway dedicated to regulating GM vessel development...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535316/residents-confidence-providing-primary-care-with-behavioral-health-integration
#5
Patrick Hemming, Amber Hewitt, Joseph J Gallo, Rodger Kessler, R B Levine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Behavioral health integration (BHI) entails integrated behavioral health clinicians (IBHCs) providing care-generally for mental health and substance abuse disorders and behavioral comorbidity- within the operational functioning of primary care. Because limited data exist regarding BHI in residency, we studied its impact on resident education by examining whether increased behavioral health (BH) co-management improved residents' perceived ability to treat BH conditions...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535283/retirement-saving-and-mental-health-in-china
#6
Dong Chen, Dennis Petrie, Kam Tang, Dongjie Wu
The Chinese population is aging rapidly while both the pension system is underdeveloped and the traditional family care arrangement is in retreat. This article's objective is to assess the relationship between concerns over retirement saving sufficiency and the mental health status of middle-aged and older Chinese adults, and identify the socioeconomic and demographic profile of those with insufficient retirement savings. A survey from about 2000 respondents collected information on self-assessed physical and mental health status based on the EQ-5D-5L framework, self-assessed longevity, retirement plans and financial preparedness and socioeconomic status...
May 23, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535248/effects-of-work-family-conflict-and-job-insecurity-on-psychological-distress
#7
M Mutambudzi, Z Javed, S Kaul, J Prochaska, M K Peek
Background: Work-family conflict (WFC) and job insecurity are important determinants of workers' mental health. Aims: To examine the relationship between WFC and psychological distress, and the co-occurring effects of WFC and job insecurity on distress in US working adults. Methods: This study used cross-sectional data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults aged 18-64 years. The 2010 NHIS included occupational data from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sponsored Occupational Health Supplement...
May 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535246/designing-smartphone-mental-health-applications-for-emergency-service-workers
#8
M Deady, D Peters, H Lang, R Calvo, N Glozier, H Christensen, S B Harvey
Background: Emergency service workers are often exposed to trauma and have increased risk of a range of mental health (MH) conditions. Smartphone applications have the potential to provide this group with effective psychological interventions; however, little is known about the acceptability and preferences regarding such initiatives. Aims: To describe the preferences and opinions of emergency service workers regarding the use of smartphone MH applications and to examine the impact of age on these preferences...
May 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535129/suicide-and-mental-disorders-a-discourse-of-politics-power-and-vested-interests
#9
Heidi Hjelmeland, Birthe L Knizek
One of the most well-established "truths" in suicidology is that mental disorders play a significant role in at least 90% of suicides, and a causal relationship between the two is often implied. In this essay, we argue that the evidence base for this "truth" is weak and that there is much research questioning the 90% statistic. Based on numerous examples, we also argue that ideology, politics, power, and vested interests among influential professionals in the field obstruct argument-based discussion of this issue...
May 23, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535118/connecting-the-dots-an-ecological-lens-to-preventive-measures-for-adverse-childhood-experiences
#10
Martha Traverso-Yepez, Leslie Rourke, Sandra Luscombe
Adversity in early childhood may have a profound impact on physical and mental health as well as general well-being later in life. Despite increasing research evidence on the lifelong impact of adverse experiences, one of the key questions that motivated this research was how to translate this knowledge into preventive measures. This article presents data from an exploratory study aimed to explore strategies and effective practices to prevent adverse experiences in early childhood. An ecological framework organized participants' suggested actions, highlighting the importance of proactive, multifaceted approaches and interventions that connect the child to the background environment where adversity takes place...
May 23, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534818/a-review-of-the-impact-of-maternal-obesity-on-the-cognitive-function-and-mental-health-of-the-offspring
#11
REVIEW
Laura Contu, Cheryl A Hawkes
Globally, more than 20% of women of reproductive age are currently estimated to be obese. Children born to obese mothers are at higher risk of developing obesity, coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and asthma in adulthood. Increasing clinical and experimental evidence suggests that maternal obesity also affects the health and function of the offspring brain across the lifespan. This review summarizes the current findings from human and animal studies that detail the impact of maternal obesity on aspects of learning, memory, motivation, affective disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorders, and neurodegeneration in the offspring...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534720/spatial-and-visual-reasoning-do-these-abilities-improve-in-first-year-veterinary-medical-students-exposed-to-an-integrated-curriculum
#12
J Claudio Gutierrez, Munashe Chigerwe, Jan E Ilkiw, Patricia Youngblood, Steven D Holladay, Sakti Srivastava
Spatial visualization ability refers to the human cognitive ability to form, retrieve, and manipulate mental models of spatial nature. Visual reasoning ability has been linked to spatial ability. There is currently limited information about how entry-level spatial and visual reasoning abilities may predict veterinary anatomy performance or may be enhanced with progression through the veterinary anatomy content in an integrated curriculum. The present study made use of two tests that measure spatial ability, and one test that measures visual reasoning ability in veterinary students: Guay's Visualization of Views Test, adapted version (GVVT), the Mental Rotations Test (MRT), and Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Test, short form (RavenT)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534665/-i-look-at-my-own-forest-and-fields-in-a-different-way-the-lived-experience-of-nature-based-therapy-in-a-therapy-garden-when-suffering-from-stress-related-illness
#13
Ulrik Sidenius, Ulrika K Stigsdotter, Dorthe Varning Poulsen, Terese Bondas
Evidence confirms that nature-based therapy (NBT) has a positive effect on people with mental illnesses. However, there is a lack of evidence on the meaning of NBT for specific patient groups. The Nacadia® Therapy Garden was designed according to an evidence-based design process, and an NBT programme was developed. The aim of the study was to illuminate the phenomenon of participants' lived experience of the NBT in Nacadia. Fourteen participants took part in semi-structured interviews (SSIs), and by way of reflective lifeworld research, the SSIs were analysed to identify and describe the meanings of the phenomenon...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534318/association-between-inflammatory-skin-disease-and-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-co-morbidities-in-us-adults-analysis-of-nationwide-inpatient-sample-data
#14
Michael C Kwa, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis, atopic dermatitis or eczema (AD-E), pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid (BP), and hidradenitis are chronic inflammatory skin disorders associated with systemic immune activation, considerable symptom burden, stigma, functional disturbances, and mental health symptoms. All of these might increase cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether these inflammatory skin diseases are associated with increased cardiovascular/cerebrovascular risk and/or disease...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534313/class-based-chronicities-of-suffering-and-seeking-help-comparing-addiction-treatment-programs-in-uganda
#15
Julia Vorhölter
Based on ethnographic fieldwork, this article looks at changing discourses and practices in the field of mental health care in Uganda. In particular, it analyzes two psychotherapeutic institutions designed to treat drug- and alcohol-addiction, and their accessibility and affordability for people from different class backgrounds. The first center is a high-class residential facility near Kampala which offers state-of-the-art addiction therapy, but is affordable only for the rich. The second center, a church-funded organization in Northern Uganda, cares mainly for people from poor, rural families who cannot afford exp/tensive treatment...
May 22, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534296/anticipating-the-ethical-challenges-of-psychiatric-genetic-testing
#16
REVIEW
Paul S Appelbaum, Shawna Benston
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Genetic testing for mental illness is likely to become increasingly prevalent as the science behind it is refined. This article identifies anticipated ethical challenges for patients, psychiatrists, and genetic counselors and makes recommendations for addressing them. RECENT FINDINGS: Many of the ethical challenges of psychiatric genetic testing are likely to stem from failures to comprehend the nature and implications of test results. Recent studies have identified gaps in the knowledge base of psychiatrists and genetic counselors, which limit their abilities to provide patients with appropriate education...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534295/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-clinical-pictures-and-moderating-factors
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Hamiel, Leo Wolmer, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper surveys the existent theoretical and research literature regarding the needs of preschool children in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding (a) the consequences of such events for young children and (b) the main moderating variables influencing the event-consequence association to learn how to enhance their resilience. RECENT FINDINGS: Consequences include a variety of emotional, behavioral, and biological outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534293/psychiatric-illness-and-parasomnias-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Flavie Waters, Umberto Moretto, Thien Thanh Dang-Vu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Little is known about the presence of parasomnias such as nightmare disorder, sleep paralysis, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), and sleep-related eating disorders (SRED) in people with mental illness. A predominant view suggests that psychotropic medications might be contributing to parasomnias. This article summarizes knowledge regarding the relationships between psychiatric disorders and parasomnias, and possible confounds. A systematic search of the literature in the past 10 years identified 19 articles...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534281/elder-mistreatment-perpetrators-with-substance-abuse-and-or-mental-health-conditions-results-from-the-national-elder-mistreatment-study
#19
Travis Labrum, Phyllis L Solomon
A large portion of persons who commit elder mistreatment have long been known to have indicators of substance abuse and/or mental health conditions (SAMHC). However, few studies have specifically examined elder mistreatment by persons with SAMHC, preventing the development of specialized intervention strategies. Using results from the National Elder Mistreatment Study, the current article examines victim, perpetrator, and interaction characteristics between cases of emotional and physical elder mistreatment in which the perpetrator is reported to have vs...
May 23, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534254/the-cost-of-relapse-in-schizophrenia
#20
REVIEW
Mark Pennington, Paul McCrone
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a chronic and debilitating mental illness characterised by periods of relapse that require resource intensive management. Quantifying the cost of relapse is central to the evaluation of the cost effectiveness of treating schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to undertake a comprehensive search of the available literature on the cost of relapse. METHODS: We performed a search on multiple databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and Health Management Information Consortium) for any study reporting a cost of relapse or data from which such a cost could be calculated...
May 22, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
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