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Ruptured aneurysm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243978/reduction-of-shunt-dependency-rates-following-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-by-tandem-fenestration-of-the-lamina-terminalis-and-membrane-of-liliequist-during-microsurgical-aneurysm-repair
#1
Ethan A Winkler, Jan-Karl Burkhardt, W Caleb Rutledge, Jonathan W Rick, Carlene P Partow, John K Yue, Harjus Birk, Ashley M Bach, Kunal P Raygor, Michael T Lawton
OBJECTIVE Shunt-dependent hydrocephalus is an important cause of morbidity following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) in excess of 20% of cases. Hydrocephalus leads to prolonged hospital and ICU stays, well as to repeated surgical interventions, readmissions, and complications associated with ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts, including shunt failure and infection. Whether variations in surgical technique at the time of aneurysm treatment may modify rates of shunt dependency remains a matter of debate...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240063/-simultaneous-operation-in-a-patient-with-stenosis-of-the-extracranial-portion-and-an-intracranial-aneurysm-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#2
A N Kazantsev, R S Tarasov, A I Anufriev, N N Burkov, A R Shabaev, E V Ruban
Presented herein is a clinical case report concerning surgical treatment of a patient with a rare combination of two pathologies, i. e., a haemodynamically significant stenosis of the extracranial portion and a sacciform aneurysm of the communicative portion of the right internal carotid artery on the background of multifocal atherosclerosis. The patient underwent a simultaneous operation consisting in clipping of the sacciform arterial aneurysm of the communicative portion of the right internal carotid artery and carotid endarterectomy on the right...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238828/validation-of-the-strain-assessment-of-an-abdominal-phantom-aortic-aneurysm-comparison-of-results-obtained-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging-measurements-and-stereovision-measurements
#3
Yufei Wang, David Joannic, Patrick Juillion, Aurélien Monnet, Patrick Delassus, Alain Lalande, Jean-Francois Fontaine
Predicating aortic aneurysm ruptures is a complex problem that has been investigated by many research teams over several decades. Work on this issue is notably complex and involves both the mechanical behavior of the artery and the blood flow. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide measurements concerning the shape of an organ and the blood that flows through it. Measuring local distortion of the artery wall is the first essential element to evaluate a ruptured artery. This paper aims to demonstrate the feasibility of this measure by MRI on phantom realistic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238107/hemispheric-divided-coiling-technique-for-coil-embolization-of-middle-and-large-sized-intracranial-aneurysms
#4
Tomotaka Ohshima, Shunsaku Goto, Taiki Yamamoto, Kojiro Ishikawa
Despite major developments in treating intracranial aneurysms by endovascular coil embolization, complete occlusion of the entire aneurysmal neck remains a problem. We present a novel endovascular strategy for middle- and large sized aneurysms called the "hemispheric divided coiling technique" and compare the short-term follow-up results of this technique with those of conventional coil embolization. Ten patients (mean age, 69.7 ± 9.7 years) with middle- or large-sized ruptured or unruptured intracranial aneurysms (mean maximum aneurysmal diameter, 12...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238099/8-f-balloon-guide-catheter-for-embolization-of-anterior-circulation-aneurysms-an-institutional-experience-in-152-patients
#5
Tomotaka Ohshima, Chinmaya Dash, Andrey Belayev, Taiki Yamamoto, Shunsaku Goto, Yoko Kato
The use of 8-F balloon guide catheter (BGC) for proximal flow control was previously shown to prevent distal embolic complications during mechanical clot retrieval in patients with acute ischemic stroke. In this retrospective study, the utility of 8-F BGCs for proximal flow control during endovascular coiling of anterior circulation aneurysms was investigated. Patients who underwent endovascular coiling for anterior circulation aneurysms between August 2013 and December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Among a total of 152 patients included in this series, 64 patients presented with aneurysmal rupture, whereas the aneurysms were detected incidentally or due to mass effects in the remaining patients...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235388/early-outcomes-of-the-t-branch-off-the-shelf-multibranched-stent-graft-in-urgent-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#6
Konstantinos Spanos, Tilo Kölbel, Myrto Theodorakopoulou, Franziska Heidemann, Fiona Rohlffs, Eike Sebastian Debus, Nikolaos Tsilimparis
PURPOSE: To assess the short-term outcomes of the multibranched off-the-shelf t-Branch stent-graft for urgent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair and to evaluate the impact on outcomes of the learning curve and adherence to the instruction for use (IFU). METHODS: Between 2014 and 2017, 42 patients (mean age 73.3±7 years; 26 men) underwent urgent TAAA treatment using the t-Branch stent-graft [18 in the early (2014-2015) period and 24 in the late (2016-2017) period]...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234730/spontaneous-superior-mesenteric-artery-branch-pseudoaneurysm-a-rare-case-report
#7
Mina Guirgis, Jema Hua Xu, Alar Kaard, Bibombe P Mwipatayi
Background: Visceral arterial pseudoaneurysms (VAPAs) are rare vascular entities with serious consequences. Traditionally, they are associated with trauma, infection, and inflammatory disease, or they can arise as a post-operative complication. Report: An 87 year old man presented with abdominal pain and was found to have a spontaneous VAPA on a computed tomography angiogram. Serial imaging 4 months previously had demonstrated no aneurysm. Between scans, warfarin was changed to apixaban for aortic valve replacement, but he had no other changes to any other medications...
2017: EJVES Short Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233598/predictors-of-early-operative-mortality-and-long-term-survival-in-octogenarians-undergoing-open-and-endovascular-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#8
Y Law, Y C Chan, S W Cheng
BACKGROUND: The study aims to report outcomes of open repair (OR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in octogenarians. METHODS: Consecutive patients aged between 80 and 89 who underwent OR or EVAR were identified from a prospectively collected departmental database. Short-term outcomes included 30 days mortalities and perioperative complications; long-term outcomes included overall survival and re-intervention using the Kaplan-Meier method. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors for operative mortality and Cox regression analysis was used to identify predictors for long-term survival...
December 9, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233197/takayasu-arteritis-in-paediatrics
#9
Marisa Di Santo, Erica V Stelmaszewski, Alejandra Villa
Takayasu arteritis is an idiopathic chronic granulomatous panarteritis predominantly affecting the aorta and its main branches. Although idiopathic, genetic contribution to disease susceptibility is being increasingly recognised. Rare in children, Takayasu arteritis is a worldwide disease with significant morbidity and mortality. Its diagnosis is a challenge and requires awareness of the condition as clinical features at presentation are non-specific and assessing disease activity is difficult. In the inflammatory stage, treatment is essential to prevent the insidious course and vascular damage: stenotic, occlusive lesions, aneurysms, and aortic regurgitation...
December 13, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232676/progressive-development-of-aberrant-smooth-muscle-cell-phenotype-in-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-disease
#10
Kirsten Riches, Emily Clark, Rebecca J Helliwell, Timothy G Angelini, Karen E Hemmings, Marc A Bailey, Katherine I Bridge, D Julian A Scott, Karen E Porter
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a silent, progressive disease with a high mortality and an increasing prevalence with aging. Smooth muscle cell (SMC) dysfunction contributes to gradual dilatation and eventual rupture of the aorta. Here we studied phenotypic characteristics in SMC cultured from end-stage human AAA (≥5 cm) and cells cultured from a porcine carotid artery (PCA) model of early and end-stage aneurysm. Human AAA-SMC presented a secretory phenotype and expressed elevated levels of the differentiation marker miR-145 (2...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231793/acute-rerupture-after-coil-embolization-of-ruptured-intracranial-saccular-aneurysms-a-literature-review
#11
Kailing Li, Yunbao Guo, Ying Zhao, Baofeng Xu, Kan Xu, Jinlu Yu
Acute rerupture after coil embolization is defined as rerupture within three days after treatment; its prognosis is worse than that of rebleeding at other time periods. However, to date, little is known about complications during the acute phase. Therefore, we used the PubMed database to perform a review of acute rerupture after coil embolization of ruptured intracranial saccular aneurysms and increase our understanding. After reviewing the complications, we found that the cause of acute rerupture is unclear, but the following risk factors are involved: incomplete occlusion of the initial aneurysm, the presence of a hematoma adjacent to a ruptured aneurysm, an aneurysmal outpouching, poor Hunt-Hess grade at the time of treatment, and the location of the aneurysm in an anterior communicating artery...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229508/outcomes-of-type%C3%A2-2-endoleaks-detected-on-venous-phase-ct-arteriography
#12
M D McDonald, H H Paik, R Fairman, P Foley, B Jackson, G Wang, S W Stavropoulos
PURPOSE: The majority of type 2 endoleaks (T2EL) are identified on computed tomography angiography (CTA) both on arterial and venous phase. There is a subset of T2EL that are demonstrated only on venous phase CTA. This study was done to report the outcomes of T2EL detected only on venous phase CTA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 261 consecutive T2EL treated via embolization were reviewed for the presence of endoleak demonstrated only on venous phase CTA. A group of 16 patients (12 men, 4 women; mean age, 80...
December 8, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229349/surgical-management-of-ruptured-isolated-aneurysm-of-the-artery-of-adamkiewicz-an-interesting-report-and-overview-of-the-literature
#13
Zaid Aljuboori, Mayur Sharma, Jessica Simpson, Thomas Altstadt
BACKGROUND: Spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to rupture of an isolated spinal aneurysm is extremely rare. Patients usually present with symptoms and signs resulting from spinal cord compression. No standard guidelines are available for the treatment of this condition. CASE ILLUSTRATION: In this report, we present a case of a 78 year old Caucasian male who presented with sudden onset back pain and bilateral lower extremity weakness, spinal angiogram revealed an isolated aneurysm of the artery of Adamkiewicz (AKA)...
December 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228648/risk-factors-for-postoperative-renal-dysfunction-following-open-surgical-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-retrospective-analysis
#14
Zuowei Wu, Ding Yuan, Jichun Zhao, Bin Huang
Objectives: To identify the risk factors for postoperative renal dysfunction after open surgical repair (OSR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and to establish a scoring system. Results: The overall 30-day mortality rates were 22.0%(ruptured) vs 2.6% (unruptured), respectively. For the ruptured group, the independent risk factors were hemodynamic instability (P = 0.002) blood loss >1 L (P = 0.041) and preoperative creatinine >150 μmol/L (P < 0.001)...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227856/gastroduodenal-artery-aneurysm-post-traumatic-pancreatic-pseudocyst-drainage-an-interesting-case
#15
Mohammad Zarin, Sajid Ali, Abdul Majid, ZakaUllah Jan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Pseudoaneurysms of the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) are rare and mostly associated with pancreatitis. However, they can occur as a possible complication following gastric or pancreatic surgery and thus prior recognition and prompt treatment is mandatory (Lee et al., 2009 [1]). We report a case of a ruptured GDA aneurysm in a patient who underwent roux-en-y-cystojejunostomy for traumatic pancreatic pseudocyst and this has rarely been reported in the literature. Our patient presented with melena one month post operatively...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227122/-hamartoma-of-mature-cardiac-myocytes-autopsy-case-report
#16
Šárka Hadravská, Magdaléna Dubová, Markéta Miesbauerová, Petr Mukenšnabl, Ondřej Daum, Alois Mádle, Karel Smetana
Hamartoma of mature cardiac myocytes (HMCM) is a rare benign pseudoneoplastic myocardial lesion. We describe a case of 39-year-old Bulgarian woman living in the Czech Republic, who died because of rupture of anterior communicating artery aneurysm, and severe bronchopneumonia. An incidental finding at the autopsy was a whitish unencapsulated and not sharply demarcated tumor of the left ventricle and adjacent area of interventricular septum, which protruded above the plane of section. Microscopically the tumor consisted of various different forms of disorganized hypertrophic mature cardiac myocytes without vacuolization of cytoplasm, focally in a "herringbone" pattern...
2017: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225626/hemothorax-due-to-ruptured-mycotic-aneurysm-of-intercostal-arteries-associated-with-infective-endocarditis
#17
Eddie Y Liu, Jennifer Crawford, Haissam Haddad
We present a case of hemothorax due to ruptured mycotic aneurysm in three intercostal arteries in a 40-year-old male with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis (IE) due to intravenous drug use. Microcoil embolization and thoracotomy successfully achieved hemostasis. Mycotic aneurysm is a rare complication of IE and is usually found in the intracranial vessels. Ruptured mycotic aneurysm in the intercostal arteries can be associated with IE and can present as acute hemothorax.
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225128/aortic-anatomy-and-complications-of-the-proximal-sealing-zone-after-endovascular-treatment-of-the-thoracic-aorta
#18
Jérémie Peidro, Mourad Boufi, Anderson Loundou, Olivier Hartung, Bianca Dona, Florent Vernet, David Bensoussan, Yves Alimi
BACKGROUND: The technical and clinical success of the thoracic aortic endovascular procedures rests mainly on the choice of the proximal sealing zone (PSZ). The latter can be the affected by multiple complications, all of them having a potential gravity and a direct link with the quality of the PSZ. The objective of this study was to analyze the risk factors of the occurrence of complications of the PSZ. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, all the patients treated by a thoracic stentgraft in zones 2, 3, or 4 were retrospectively reviewed, with analysis of the pre- and postoperative angio-CT...
December 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224942/fenestrated-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair-using-physician-modified-endovascular-grafts-versus-company-manufactured-devices
#19
Shernaz S Dossabhoy, Jessica P Simons, Julie M Flahive, Francesco A Aiello, Parth Sheth, Edward J Arous, Louis M Messina, Andres Schanzer
OBJECTIVE: Fenestrated endografts are customized, patient-specific endovascular devices with potential to reduce morbidity and mortality of complex aortic aneurysm repair. With approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, our center began performing fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair through a physician-sponsored investigational device exemption (IDE #G130210), using both physician-modified endografts (PMEGs) and company-manufactured devices (CMDs). Because these techniques are associated with specific advantages and disadvantages, we sought to investigate differences in outcomes between PMEG and CMD cases...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224237/major-haemorrhage-fatalities-in-the-australian-national-coronial-database
#20
Jacob S Gipson, Erica M Wood, Merrole F Cole-Sinclair, Zoe McQuilten, Neil Waters, Noel W Woodford
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe the epidemiology of major bleeding fatalities. METHODS: A case series analysis of Australia's National Coronial Information System was conducted. Keywords were used to search for closed cases of major haemorrhage in the state of Victoria for the period 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2011. Coroners' findings, autopsy reports and police reports of cases were reviewed. Demographic data were extracted, and cases were assigned to a clinical bleeding context...
December 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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