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adipokine and estrogen and hypothalamus

Krista Casazza, Lynae J Hanks, Jessica A Alvarez
Historical data suggest that body composition is intricately involved in pubertal development. Progression through puberty is dependent on the interaction between the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor-1 (GH-IGF-1) axis, reproductive and metabolic hormones as well as pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines which induce alterations in feedback mechanisms and therefore mediate body composition and growth. Simultaneous increases in GH and IGF-1, and the concomitant changes in the hormonal milieu (i.e. reproductive hormones, testosterone and estrogen, and insulin)are the major contributors to anabolic effects seen throughout the pubertal transition, and are affected by various factors including (but not limited to) energy status and body composition...
2010: Medicine and Sport Science
Thekkethil P Nedungadi, Deborah J Clegg
The prevalence of obesity has dramatically increased over the past decade along with the cardiovascular and other health risks it encompasses. Adipose tissue, which is distributed in the abdominal viscera, carries a greater risk for cardiovascular disorders than adipose tissue subcutaneously. There is a sex difference in the regional fat distribution. Women have more subcutaneous fat, whereas men have more visceral fat. Therefore, obesity-related metabolic disorders are much lower in premenopausal women than men...
September 2009: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
Krisztina Hagymási, Péter Reismann, Károly Rácz, Zsolt Tulassay
The most frequent liver disorder in metabolic syndrome is the nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Its pathogenesis is a complex, multifactorial process, characterized by insulin resistance and involvement of the endocrine system. Hypothyroidism may lead to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis via hyperlipidemia and obesity. Adult patients with growth hormone deficiency have a metabolic syndrome-like phenotype with obesity and many characteristic metabolic alterations. The chronic activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis results in metabolic syndrome as well...
November 29, 2009: Orvosi Hetilap
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