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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141389/-ultrasonic-diagnosis-of-retinal-detachment-in-eyes-with-silicone-oil-tamponade
#1
Y F Li, D J Li, Z Y Wang, W Chen, Q Zhao, R Cui, L Shen, W L Yang
Objective: To examine the features and values of ultrasonic diagnosis for retinal detachment in eyes with silicone oil tamponade (SOT). Methods: A prospective study. A total of 257 eyes (257 patients) were filled with silicone oil between December 1, 2015 and August 1, 2016 in the Department of Ophthalmology at a hospital in Beijing. All of the patients underwent a color Doppler ultrasound examination in the supine and sitting positions a week prior to surgery. The pre-surgery conditions were compared with the subsequent observations during the surgery to analyze the features and values of ultrasonic diagnosis for retinal detachment in eyes with SOT...
November 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140848/mortality-trends-after-a-voluntary-checklist-based-surgical-safety-collaborative
#2
Alex B Haynes, Lizabeth Edmondson, Stuart R Lipsitz, George Molina, Bridget A Neville, Sara J Singer, Aunyika T Moonan, Ashley Kay Childers, Richard Foster, Lorri R Gibbons, Atul A Gawande, William R Berry
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether completion of a voluntary, checklist-based surgical quality improvement program is associated with reduced 30-day postoperative mortality. BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of efficacy of team-based surgical safety checklists in improving perioperative outcomes in research trials, effective methods of population-based implementation have been lacking. The Safe Surgery 2015 South Carolina program was designed to foster state-wide engagement of hospitals in a voluntary, collaborative implementation of a checklist program...
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140840/high-voltage-electrical-stimulation-versus-ultrasound-in-the-treatment-of-pressure-ulcers
#3
Pinar Bora Karsli, Eda Gurcay, Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Aytul Cakci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the efficacy of high-voltage electrical stimulation (HVES) with ultrasound (US) in treating Stage II through Stage IV pressure ulcers (PrUs)* of hospitalized patients. DESIGN: This study was designed as a prospective, controlled trial in which patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: A total of 27 patients (22 male, 5 female) hospitalized for neurologic rehabilitation in the Clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation with Stage II through Stage IV PrUs were included in this study...
December 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140185/thrombolysis-improving-door-to-needle-times-for-ischemic-stroke-treatment-a-narrative-review
#4
Noreen Kamal, Eric E Smith, Thomas Jeerakathil, Michael D Hill
Background The effectiveness of thrombolysis is highly time dependent. For this reason, short target times have been set to reduce time to treatment from hospital arrival, which is called door-to-needle time. Summary of review There has been considerable work done at single centers and across multiple hospitals to improve door-to-needle time. There have been reductions of 8 to 47 min when applying one or more improvement strategies at single centers, and there have been many multi-hospital initiatives. The delays to treatment have been attributed to both patient and hospital factors, and strategies to address these delays have been proven to reduce door-to-needle time...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139376/the-longitudinal-effects-of-peritonitis-on-peritoneal-membrane-function%C3%A2
#5
Christopher S B Sia, Eldho Paul, Peter Tregaskis, Rowan G Walker, Scott G Wilson
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal effects of peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritonitis on small solute clearance and ultrafiltration are controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 27 patients with PD peritonitis over a 4-year period at a tertiary hospital. Adequacy tests at an "early" (1 - 3 months), "intermediate" (6 ± 2 months), and a "late" (12 ± 2 months) time period after the episode were compared with a pre-peritonitis baseline. The effect of time on serum albumin, weekly creatinine clearance, Kt/V, and net fluid volume removal was assessed...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139037/prevalence-of-oral-lichen-planus-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#6
S Bakhtiari, J B Taheri, P Toossi, S Azimi, Sh Kawosi Nezhad
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of oral lichen planus in patients younger than 18 years, referred to a dermatology centre in Iran during 2002-2014. Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory, immune-mediated disease that could affect the oral mucosa and is a pre-cancerous condition. The disease usually develops in middle age with female predominance and is rare in children. METHODS: In this retrospective study, cases with definitive histopathologic diagnosis of lichen planus, over a 12-year period from 2002 to 2014 from a dermatologic hospital archive were evaluated...
November 14, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138658/-femoral-varising-osteotomy-by-external-opening-for-the-treatment-of-lateral-femorotibial-gonarthroses-associated-with-idiopathic-genu-valgum-a-retrospective-a-study-of-10-cases
#7
Asma Ben Cheikh, Mahmoud Ben Maitigue, Karim Masmoudi, Thabet Mouelhi, Nader Naouar, Yamen Grissa, Karim Bouattour, Walid Osman, Mohamed Laziz Ben Ayeche
Femoral varus osteotomy is a conservative treatment for external single-compartment gonarthrosis. This surgical procedure is little used and outcomes are little studied.This study aimed to assess the clinical and radiological results of femoral varising osteotomy in subjects with external femorotibial gonarthrosis associated with idiopathic genu valgum whose data were recorded over a period of 21 years (1992- 2013) in the Department of Orthopedics at Sahloul University Hospital, Sousse. The clinical evaluation of patients was performed using the IKS score (International Knee Society)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138099/effect-of-an-antimicrobial-stewardship-programme-on-antimicrobial-utilisation-and-costs-in-patients-with-leukaemia-a-retrospective-interventional-controlled-study
#8
Miranda So, Muhammad Mamdani, Andrew Morris, Tim Lau, Raewyn Broady, Uday Deotare, Jennifer Grant, Dennis Dong Hwan Kim, Aaron D Schimmer, Andre Schuh, Salomeh Shajari, Marilyn Steinberg, Chaim M Bell, Shahid Husain
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of an antimicrobial stewardship programme (ASPs) on utilisation and cost of antimicrobials in leukaemia patients in Canada. METHODS: We conducted a multisite, retrospective, observational time-series study from 2005 to 2013. We implemented academic detailing as the intervention of an ASP in leukaemia units at a hospital, piloted February-July 2010, then fully implemented December 2010-March 2013, with no intervention in August-November 2010...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137967/procedural-and-thirty-day-outcomes-following-transfemoral-implantation-of-the-fully-repositionable-and-retrievable-lotus-valve-without-routine-pre-dilatation-in-a-consecutive-patient-cohort-a-single-centre-experience
#9
Neil Ruparelia, Katharine Thomas, James D Newton, Kate Grebenik, Amar Keiralla, George Krasopoulos, Rana Sayeed, Adrian P Banning, Rajesh K Kharbanda
BACKGROUND / PURPOSE: The Lotus valve (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA) is a contemporary transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) device that is fully repositionable and retrievable to aid implantation and optimise procedural results. The ability to implant the device without routine pre-dilatation is another possible advantage reducing associated risks and procedure times. The aim of this study is to report procedural and 30-day outcomes following TAVI in a consecutive patient group presenting with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis with the Lotus valve system without routine pre-dilatation...
November 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137903/implementation-of-alere-i-influenza-a-b-point-of-care-test-for-the-diagnosis-of-influenza-in-an-emergency-department
#10
E Trabattoni, V Le, B Pilmis, G Pean de Ponfilly, C Caisso, C Couzigou, B Vidal, A Mizrahi, O Ganansia, A Le Monnier, B Lina, J C Nguyen Van
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of implementing rapid point-of-care testing (POCT) with the Alere i Influenza A & B in an emergency department (ED) during an influenza epidemic. METHODS: Direct nasal swabs were prospectively collected following the physical examination of patients aged >18years who presented to the ED of a tertiary hospital in France with influenza-like illness (ILI) symptoms (N=301) between February 1st and March 31st, 2016, which coincided with an influenza epidemic...
October 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137902/effects-of-opioid-medications-on-cognitive-skills-among-emergency-department-patients
#11
Catherine A Marco, Dennis Mann, Jordan Rasp, Michael Ballester, Oswald Perkins, Michael B Holbrook, Kyle Rako
INTRODUCTION: Treatment for pain and related conditions has been identified as the most common reason for Emergency Department (ED) visits. Concerns exist regarding the effects of opioid pain medications on cognition and patient ability to consent for procedures, hospital admission, or to refuse recommended medical interventions. This study was undertaken to identify cognitive skills before and after opioid pain medication in the ED setting. METHODS: This was a prospective study comparing performance on the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) before and after administration of opioid pain medications...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137810/technique-for-precaval-and-laterocaval-nodes-excision-at-extraperitoneal-paraaortic-lymphadenectomy
#12
M Gorostidi, C Villalain, R Ruiz, I Jaunarena, A Lekuona
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique for excision of the pre-caval and laterocaval nodes using an extraperitoneal approach. This technique was developed to make the dissection and excision of the less accessible nodes in an easier and safer way by minimizing the risk of great vessels injury and bleeding. DESIGN: Step-by-step description of the surgical procedure using video (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: The procedure was performed at a teaching hospital, Hospital Universitario Donostia (Spain)...
November 11, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137582/the-effectiveness-of-regional-anaesthesia-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-a-dedicated-regional-anaesthesia-service-incorporating-a-block-room
#13
A Chin, L Heywood, P Iu, A M Pelecanos, M J Barrington
Dedicated regional anaesthesia services incorporating block rooms and/or block teams may facilitate theatre efficiency and improve training in regional anaesthesia. Currently, it is unknown if a dedicated regional anaesthesia service improves the effectiveness of regional anaesthesia. In November 2013, the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital established a dedicated regional anaesthesia service comprising a block team and a block room. Pre-intervention (conventional model of care) registry data was retrospectively compared with post-intervention (dedicated regional anaesthesia service) audit data, with regard to pain and opioid requirement in the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU)...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137580/prevalence-and-predictors-of-persistent-post-surgical-opioid-use-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#14
N Stark, S Kerr, J Stevens
Post-surgical opioid prescribing intended for the short-term management of acute pain may lead to long-term opioid use. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of persistent post-surgical opioid use and patient-related factors associated with post-surgical opioid use. One thousand and thirteen opioid-naïve patients awaiting elective surgery in a tertiary private hospital in Sydney were enrolled. Preoperatively, patients completed a questionnaire comprising potential predictors of persistent post-surgical opioid use...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137377/an-evaluation-of-nutrition-intervention-during-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-locoregionally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#15
Ting Jin, Kai-Xin Li, Pei-Jing Li, Shuang Huang, Xiao-Zhong Chen, Ming Chen, Qiao-Ying Hu, Lei Shi, Yuan-Yuan Chen
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition intervention during radiation for patients with locoregionally advanced (III-IVa) nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 117 patients with locoregionally advanced (III-IVa) NPC treated between December 2015 and March 2016 in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital. All the patients underwent radical chemo-radiotherapy. First, all the patients were divided into the nutrition intervention group and the control group, depending on whether they accepted nutrition intervention...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136730/-application-of-the-descending-branch-of-the-lateral-circumflex-femoral-artery-in-the-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-operation
#16
X J Luo, W Wang, Y T Wang, Y Yang, H Li, X Wang, S S Hu
Objective: To investigate the technical method for harvesting and application of the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery (DBLCFA) in the coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operation. Methods: Between December 2016 and April 2017, 19 patients were arranged to use DBLCFA and got CT angiography (CTA) of pelvic and femoral arteries pre-operative at Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. Finally, DBLCFA was harvested in 16 patients (including 2 female patients, with a mean age of (47...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136691/-tumors-of-lymphoid-and-hematopoietic-tissue-of-spleen-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-53-cases
#17
D B Chen, D H Shen, H Zhang, Y Wang, Q J Song, S M Yang, X Z Fang
Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the tumors of lymphoidand hematopoietic tissue of the spleen(TLTS). Methods: Fifty-three cases of TLTS were selected from the pathologic files from Peking University People's Hospital from April 2002 to April 2017. According to WHO classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues (2008) and its updated classification (2016), the cases were studied by microscopy, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, combined with the bone marrow biopsy and clinical examination...
November 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135395/pattern-and-predictors-of-paradoxical-response-in-patients-with-peripheral-lymph-node-tuberculosis
#18
Supreet Batra, Govind Singh Rajawat, Rajendra Prasad Takhar, Manohar Lal Gupta
Introduction: Many of the patients with lymph node tuberculosis show 'Paradoxical Response" in the form of appearance of new lymph node (LN) or increase in the size of existing LN, development of new disease in other organ and worsening of the disease while on treatment. Reason behind such response in only selective patients is not clearly understood. We evaluated the pattern and predictors for paradoxical response(s) (PR) in patients with peripheral lymph node tuberculosis (TB). Materials and Methods: Study included patients aged > 6 years with peripheral lymphadenopathy of tubercular etiology attending a tertiary care hospital from Jan 2010 to Dec 2010...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135306/a-calculation-tool-and-process-to-pre-position-pharmaceuticals-for-anthrax-post-exposure-prophylaxis
#19
Gary D Peksa, Michael J Robbins, Alexis R Beyer, Elisabeth K Weber, Keneatha Johnson
Anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis, is considered a severe bioterrorism threat because of its high mortality rate. The Chicago Healthcare System Coalition for Preparedness and Response (CHSCPR) aims to pre-position antibiotic medical countermeasures (MCMs) at healthcare facilities in order to provide on-site anthrax post-exposure prophylaxis. Pharmacists proposed moving toward a new process that involved the development of a standardized calculation methodology for acquiring supply drugs. This was an interventional quality improvement project aimed at optimizing inventory, acquisition, and distribution of antibiotic MCMs for anthrax post-exposure prophylaxis at Chicago hospitals for hospital personnel, associated first responders, and their families...
November 14, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134433/practice-makes-perfect-relationship-between-hospital-procedure-volume-and-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-after-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia-ablation
#20
Vratika Agarwal, Neeraj Shah, Kathan Mehta, Anand Agarwal, Jonathan Willner, James Lafferty
PURPOSE: Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) ablation can result in injury to the atrioventricular (AV) node causing complete heart block requiring permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation. Few studies have examined the impact of hospital PSVT ablation volume and PPM implantation rates post ablation. METHODS: We included adult patients from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, from 1998 to 2011, using ICD-9 diagnoses codes 427.0 and 427.89 for PSVT and ICD-9 procedure code 37...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
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