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Urgent psychiatric services

Huixi Dong, Mei Yang, Liang Liu, Chenxi Zhang, Mengqi Liu, Yidong Shen, Huanzhong Liu, Wei Hao
BACKGROUND: There is little research of psychiatric comorbidity differences among people with different types of drug dependence in Chinese population. We explored demographic and comorbid psychiatric differences among methamphetamine- dependent males (MDs), heroin-dependent males (HDs) and methamphetamine and heroin co-dependent males (M/HDs) in Hunan province, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional, structured and clinical interview method was used to examine differences in DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders among 346 MDs, 698 HDs and 247 M/HDs from three compulsory rehabilitation centers and two voluntary rehabilitation centers in Hunan...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
Nasreen Roberts, Tina Hu, Nicholas Axas, Leanne Repetti
BACKGROUND: The significant gap between children and adolescents presenting for emergency mental healthcare and the shortage of child and adolescent psychiatrists constitutes a major barrier to timely access for psychiatric assessment for rural and remote areas. Unlike remote areas, urban emergency departments have in-house psychiatric consultation. Telepsychiatry may be a solution to ensure the same service for remote areas. However, there is a paucity of studies on the use of telepsychiatry for child and adolescent emergency consults...
April 20, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Mary A Bitta, Symon M Kariuki, Eddie Chengo, Charles R J C Newton
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the state of mental health systems in Kenya. In 2010, Kenya promulgated a new constitution, which devolved national government and the national health system to 47 counties including Kilifi County. There is need to provide evidence from mental health systems research to identify priority areas in Kilifi's mental health system for informing county health sector decision making. We conducted an initial assessment of state of mental health systems in Kilifi County and documented resources, policy and legislation and spectrum of mental, neurological and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Pirjo Kettunen, Jukka Hintikka
BACKGROUND: When developing maternity care services, it is important to know how psychosocial factors affect the course of post-partum depression (PPD), and how depressed mothers are treated. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess how adverse childhood experiences, poor present support and violence, and low socioeconomic status (SES) associate with PPD, specifically in new onset and recurrent post-partum depression. The second aim is to assess the treatment received for PPD...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Ramachandra, Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, Rajalakshmi Ramu, Sugavana Selvi, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Lalitha Krishnasamy, B M Suresh
BACKGROUND: Coercion is not uncommon phenomenon among mental health service users during their admission into psychiatric hospital. Research on perceived coercion of psychiatric patients is limited from India. AIM: To investigate perceived coercion of psychiatric patients during admission into a tertiary care psychiatric hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive survey carried out among randomly selected psychiatric patients (n = 205) at a tertiary care center...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Walter Hewer, Christine Thomas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychiatric symptoms in dementia and delirium are associated with a substantially reduced quality of life of patients and their families and often challenging for professionals. Pharmacoepidemiological surveys have shown that, in particular, patients living in nursing homes receive prescriptions of psychotropic agents in significant higher frequency than recommended by current guidelines. This article focuses on a critical appraisal of this gap from the point of view of German healthcare services...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Samuel S Malamba, Herbert Muyinda, Patricia M Spittal, John P Ekwaru, Noah Kiwanuka, Martin D Ogwang, Patrick Odong, Paul K Kitandwe, Achilles Katamba, Kate Jongbloed, Nelson K Sewankambo, Eugene Kinyanda, Alden Blair, Martin T Schechter
BACKGROUND: The protracted war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army in Northern Uganda (1996-2006) resulted in widespread atrocities, destruction of health infrastructure and services, weakening the social and economic fabric of the affected populations, internal displacement and death. Despite grave concerns that increased spread of HIV/AIDS may be devastating to post conflict Northern Uganda, empirical epidemiological data describing the legacy of the war on HIV infection are scarce...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Athanasios Douzenis
According to the Greek Penal Law if someone "because of a morbid disturbance of his mental functioning" (article 34) is acquitted of a crime or misdemeanour that the law punishes with more than 6 months imprisonment, then the court orders that this individual should be kept in a public psychiatric institution if the court reaches the conclusion that this person poses a threat to public safety.1 Individuals who have broken the law and deemed "not guilty by reason of insanity" are treated in psychiatric units of Psychiatric Hospitals according to the article 69 of the Penal Code...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Joy Lauerer, Barbara J Edlund, Amy Williams, Annemarie Donato, Gigi Smith
BACKGROUND: Behavioral health disorders (psychiatric illness and substance abuse disorders) represent a significant burden across the nation's health care system. About one half of the problems that present in primary health care settings are behavioral in nature. There is urgent need to improve the integration of behavioral health care services into primary care. METHODS: The purpose of this paper is to describe how an asynchronous online graduate nurse practitioner program utilized a constructivist paradigm to creatively combine online problem based learning cases and on campus learning intensives to scaffold student learning...
August 13, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Hong-Ming Chen, Tai-Hsin Hung, Shih-Yong Chou, Ching-Shu Tsai, Jian-An Su
OBJECTIVE: Suicide attempters might be sent to the emergency room for urgent medical intervention. Some with more severe physical morbidity may be hospitalised, and psychiatrists might be consulted for suicide evaluation. The aim of our study was to investigate the three-year all-cause mortality rate of hospitalised suicide attempters with regard to the effect of consultation-liaison services, and to identify any risk factors associated with mortality. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2006, 196 inpatients from medical or surgical wards in a general hospital who had consulted psychiatrists because of suicide attempts were collected consecutively...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Pamela Jacobsen, Emmanuelle Peters, Paul Chadwick
BACKGROUND: Inpatient psychiatric care is a scarce and expensive resource in the National Health Service (NHS), with chronic bed shortages being partly driven by high re-admission rates. People often need to go into hospital when they have a mental health crisis due to overwhelming distressing psychotic symptoms, such as hearing voices (hallucinations) or experiencing unusual beliefs (delusions). Brief talking therapies may be helpful for people during an acute inpatient admission as an adjunct to medication in reducing re-admission rates, and despite promising findings from trials in the USA, there have not yet been any clinical trials on this kind of intervention within NHS settings...
December 2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Sophie Isobel
OBJECTIVE: There is significant multidisciplinary work contributing to the implementation of trauma informed care (TIC) into mental health policy and practice in Australia. Within psychiatry, there may be potential confusion about how to navigate the integration of TIC into a speciality built upon treating psychological distress; creating dismissive reactions of a patronising approach and paradoxical radicalism. This paper aims to discuss the need for psychiatry to view TIC as a significant and urgent paradigm shift required to integrate existing knowledge about the prevalence and effects of trauma into a progressive articulation of the relational and interpersonal underpinnings of modern psychiatric practice; and to lead and support its widespread implementation...
December 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Iuliia Makarenko, Alyona Mazhnaya, Maxim Polonsky, Ruthanne Marcus, Martha J Bojko, Sergii Filippovych, Sandra Springer, Sergii Dvoriak, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Coverage with opioid agonist treatments (OAT) that include methadone and buprenorphine is low (N=8400, 2.7%) for the 310,000 people who inject drugs (PWID) in Ukraine. In the context of widespread negative attitudes toward OAT in the region, patient-level interventions targeting the barriers and willingness to initiate OAT are urgently needed. METHODS: A sample of 1179 PWID with opioid use disorder not currently on OAT from five regions in Ukraine was assessed using multivariable logistic regression for independent factors related to willingness to initiate OAT, stratified by their past OAT experience...
August 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
P N Doku, H Minnis
BACKGROUND: There is little knowledge about the psychosocial distress of children affected by human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in Ghana, to aid the planning of services. This study investigated mental health problems among children affected by HIV/AIDS, compared with control groups of children orphaned by other causes, and non-orphans. METHOD: The study employed a cross-sectional survey that interviewed 291 children and their caregivers...
August 2016: Psychological Medicine
Nasreen Roberts, Linda Booij, Nicholas Axas, Leanne Repetti
OBJECTIVE: (a) To describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of adolescents referred for urgent psychiatric consultation, and (b) compare suicidal with non-suicidal referrals. METHODS: This was a 2-year prospective study. Data was gathered on demographic, historical and clinical variables. Comparison of suicidal and non-suicidal patients was conducted using χ2. A hospital database was used for referral and wait times. RESULTS: Of 805 assessments, 55% were referred by emergency physicians and 28% by primary care physicians...
May 13, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Faizi Ahmed, Kathleen Bechtold, Gwenn Smith, Durga Roy, Anita Everett, Vani Rao
Neuropsychiatric disturbances associated with brain injury occur frequently and are a common cause of poor quality of life and caregiver burden. These disturbances can disrupt rehabilitation therapies and contribute to functional impairment if they are not appropriately treated. Although some patients can be treated adequately in an outpatient brain injury clinic or rehabilitation clinic, others need a more specialized structured program. Behavioral problems in particular are challenging and often lead to discharge of patients from traditional rehabilitation programs because their behaviors can be disruptive and/or harmful to themselves and others...
2016: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Josie Jenkinson, Robert Howard
BACKGROUND: Older people with mental health problems who meet needs based criteria for National Health Service (NHS) continuing care funding may be cared for in a variety of settings. These services have evolved due to socio-economic and political pressure, with the extent of movement of care from traditional NHS run long stay units into the private sector being unclear. Little attention has been paid to the best model of service provision for this group in terms of quality of care, patient outcomes, and cost effectiveness...
June 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Suresh Bada Math, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Sydney Moirangthem
Insanity defense is primarily used in criminal prosecutions. It is based on the assumption that at the time of the crime, the defendant was suffering from severe mental illness and therefore, was incapable of appreciating the nature of the crime and differentiating right from wrong behavior, hence making them not legally accountable for crime. Insanity defense is a legal concept, not a clinical one (medical one). This means that just suffering from a mental disorder is not sufficient to prove insanity. The defendant has the burden of proving the defense of insanity by a "preponderance of the evidence" which is similar to a civil case...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Bridget F Grant, Tulshi D Saha, W June Ruan, Risë B Goldstein, S Patricia Chou, Jeesun Jung, Haitao Zhang, Sharon M Smith, Roger P Pickering, Boji Huang, Deborah S Hasin
IMPORTANCE: Current information on the prevalence and sociodemographic and clinical profiles of individuals in the general population with DSM-5 drug use disorder (DUD) is limited. Given the present societal and economic context in the United States and the new diagnostic system, up-to-date national information is needed from a single uniform data source. OBJECTIVE: To present nationally representative findings on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity, disability, and treatment of DSM-5 DUD diagnoses overall and by severity level...
January 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Hitoshi Miyaoka
The practice in the psychiatric division of Kitasato University East Hospital and Kitasato University Hospital has been emphasizing community psychiatry. The problems and proposed solutions are discussed. 1. Both hospitals are core hospitals located in Sagamihara City (Kanagawa Prefecture), which has no municipal hospital. 2. Kitasato University East Hospital has 94 beds in two closed wards and is one of the hospitals designated for psychiatric emergencies in Kanagawa Prefecture. 3. Over the last 10 years aroud Sagamihara City, cooperation between psychiatric hospitals and outpatient clinics, the treatment of patients with mental and physical diseases, improvement of the quality of psychiatric practice, emergency psychiatry, and imbalances in the incomes and workloads of psychiatrists have been problematic...
2015: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
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