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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551917/-holocaust-doctors-survivors-in-israel-1945-1952-from-early-positions-to-professional-integration
#1
Rachel Herzog
INTRODUCTION: The encounter between Holocaust doctor survivors and the Israeli society was part of the whole encounter between Holocaust survivors and the Israeli society. The present thesis aimed at evaluating the integration process of Holocaust doctor survivors in the Israeli health care system from 1945 until the end of 1952. Between these years about 1350 doctors arrived in Israel, the vast majority of them Holocaust survivors. CONCLUSIONS: Their rapid entrance to work provided the healthcare system with professional manpower, contributing their share during a tough period of the nation's history...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551109/early-visual-analysis-tool-using-magnetoencephalography-for-treatment-and-recovery-of-neuronal-dysfunction
#2
Waqas Rasheed, Yee Yik Neoh, Nor Hisham Bin Hamid, Faruque Reza, Zamzuri Idris, Tong Boon Tang
Functional neuroimaging modalities play an important role in deciding the diagnosis and course of treatment of neuronal dysfunction and degeneration. This article presents an analytical tool with visualization by exploiting the strengths of the MEG (magnetoencephalographic) neuroimaging technique. The tool automates MEG data import (in tSSS format), channel information extraction, time/frequency decomposition, and circular graph visualization (connectogram) for simple result inspection. For advanced users, the tool also provides magnitude squared coherence (MSC) values allowing personalized threshold levels, and the computation of default model from MEG data of control population...
May 11, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550927/increased-incidence-of-prolonged-ileus-after-colectomy-for-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-under-eras-protocol-a-cohort-analysis
#3
Xujie Dai, Xiaolong Ge, Jianbo Yang, Tenghui Zhang, Tingbin Xie, Wen Gao, Jianfeng Gong, Weiming Zhu
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus is a common problem after colorectal surgery. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence and risk factors for prolonged postoperative ileus (POI) after colectomy for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent colorectal resection for IBD versus colorectal cancer (CRC) patients under enhanced recovery after surgery protocol were retrospectively analyzed. Primary assessment end point is the incidence of prolonged POI (>4 days); secondary end points were GI-2 recovery (time to first toleration of solid food and first bowel movement), nasogastric tube reinsertion, and postoperative length of stay...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550788/a-case-report-of-venous-thrombosis-after-kidney-transplantation-we-can-save-the-graft-time-is-the-success-factor
#4
Paulo Roberto Kawano, Hamilto Akihissa Yamamoto, Rodrigo Gerra, Paula Dalsoglio Garcia, Mariana Moraes Contti, Hong Si Nga, Henrique Mochida Takase, Ariane Moyses Bravin, Luis Gustavo Modelli de Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Venous thrombosis is a serious surgical complication that frequently results in loss of kidney graft. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a female patient recipient of a decease kidney transplant that in the tenth postoperative presented with hematuria, graft pain and oliguria. Ultrasound examination was suggestive of venous thrombosis with abnormal doppler waveform pattern and reversal of diastolic flow. She underwent emergency surgical intervention after 2h of diagnosis...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549992/thyroid-hormone-treatment-activates-protective-pathways-in-both-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-models-of-neuronal-injury
#5
Jianrong Li, Ines Donangelo, Kiyomi Abe, Oscar Scremin, Sujie Ke, Feng Li, Anna Milanesi, Yan-Yun Liu, Gregory A Brent
Thyroid hormone plays an important role in brain development and adult brain function, and may influence neuronal recovery after Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). We utilized both animal and cell culture models to determine the effects of thyroid hormone treatment, post TBI or during hypoxia, on genes important for neuronal survival and neurogenesis. We show that TBI in rats is associated with a reduction in serum thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). A single dose of levothyroxine (T4), one hour after injury, increased serum T4 and normalized serum T3 levels...
May 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549364/-an-option-to-restore-ulnar-intrinsic-muscles-when-the-anterior-interosseus-nerve-is-not-available
#6
G A González-Trevizo
BACKGROUND: The peripheral nerve injuries are devastating for the patient; the classic reconstructive options are the Nerve Graft and Tendon Transfers. Lately the Nerve Transfers are being used more and more broadly. They are an excellent option on early injuries and when the motor plate is still alive. The advantages are numerous, because the functional recovery is much better. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report the case of a patient who sustained and injury on the median and ulnar nerve, so the EDQ and ECU branches were used to restore the Ulnar Intrinsic Function...
November 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549273/body-weight-supported-bedside-treadmill-training-facilitates-ambulation-in-icu-patients-an-interventional-proof-of-concept-study
#7
Juultje Sommers, Denise C Wieferink, Dave A Dongelmans, Frans Nollet, Raoul H H Engelbert, Marike van der Schaaf
PURPOSE: Early mobilisation is advocated to improve recovery of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. However, severe weakness in combination with tubes, lines and machinery are practical barriers for the implementation of ambulation with critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of Body Weight-Supported Treadmill Training (BWSTT) in critically ill patients in the ICU. METHODS: A custom build bedside Body Weight-Supported Treadmill was used and evaluated in medical and surgical patients in the ICU...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549024/the-epidemiology-of-hospital-death-following-pediatric-severe-sepsis-when-why-and-how-children-with-sepsis-die
#8
Scott L Weiss, Fran Balamuth, Josey Hensley, Julie C Fitzgerald, Jenny Bush, Vinay M Nadkarni, Neal J Thomas, Mark Hall, Jennifer Muszynski
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of in-hospital death after pediatric sepsis has not been well characterized. We investigated the timing, cause, mode, and attribution of death in children with severe sepsis, hypothesizing that refractory shock leading to early death is rare in the current era. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Emergency departments and ICUs at two academic children's hospitals. PATIENTS: Seventy-nine patients less than 18 years old treated for severe sepsis/septic shock in 2012-2013 who died prior to hospital discharge...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549015/early-oral-feeding-following-mckeown-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-an-open-label-randomized-controlled-noninferiority-trial
#9
Hai-Bo Sun, Yin Li, Xian-Ben Liu, Rui-Xiang Zhang, Zong-Fei Wang, Toni Lerut, Chia-Chuan Liu, Alfonso Fiorelli, Yin-Kai Chao, Daniela Molena, Robert J Cerfolio, Soji Ozawa, Andrew C Chang
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the impact of early oral feeding (EOF) on postoperative cardiac, respiratory, and gastrointestinal (CRG) complications after McKeown minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Nil-by-mouth with enteral tube feeding is routinely practiced after esophagectomy. METHODS: Patients were randomly allocated to receive oral feeding on the first postoperative day (EOF group) or late oral feeding (LOF group) 7 days after surgery...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547632/compliance-with-urinary-catheter-removal-guidelines-leads-to-improved-outcome-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-patients
#10
Allan Okrainec, Mary-Anne Aarts, Lesley Gotlib Conn, Stuart McCluskey, Marg McKenzie, Emily A Pearsall, Ori Rotstein, J Charles Victor, Robin S McLeod
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether compliance with Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) urinary catheter recommendations is associated with decreased urinary tract infections (UTI) and length of stay (LOS). METHODS: Patients having colorectal surgery at 15 academic hospitals were included. Patient and outcome data were collected prospectively. The guideline recommends that urinary catheters following colonic and rectal procedures should be removed at or before 24 and 72 h, respectively...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546664/early-maternal-feeding-versus-traditional-delayed-feeding-after-cesarean-section-a-pilot-study
#11
Sukesh Kumar Kathpalia
BACKGROUND: Cesarean section is on the rise all over the world; it has become a safe surgery due to better anesthesia, asepsis, blood transfusion and antibiotics. Traditionally, the patients are kept nil orally till they pass flatus. This study was performed to find out acceptance and tolerability of early feeding, its side effects and complications if any. METHODS: This comparative study was conducted in a service hospital. There were two groups of 70 cases each where one was administered early feeding and the second group was put on standard delayed feeding as is traditionally done in most of the hospitals...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546121/prognostic-factors-for-recovery-after-anterior-debridement-bone-grafting-and-posterior-instrumentation-for-lumbar-spinal-tuberculosis
#12
Yuan Yao, Huiyu Zhang, Huan Liu, Zhengfeng Zhang, Yu Tang, Yue Zhou
BACKGROUND: Anterior debridement/bone grafting/posterior instrumentation is a common selection for the treatment of lumbar spinal tuberculosis (LST). To date, no study has focused on the prognostic factors for recovery after this surgery. METHODS: 144 patients experienced anterior debridement/bone grafting/posterior instrumentation for LST were included. The recovery rate based on the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score was used to assess recovery. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis were used to identify the prognostic factors for recovery postoperatively...
May 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546040/early-carotid-endarterectomy-provides-a-better-neurological-outcome-in-symptomatic-patients-a-single-center-experience
#13
Gianfranco Varetto, Lorenzo Gibello, Francesca Sperti, Alessandra Trevisan, Edoardo Frola, Paolo Garneri, Pietro Rispoli
INTRODUCTION: Many studies confirmed the role of early carotid endarterectomy to prevent recurrent stroke or transient ischemic attack however the mid-long term neurological benefit is still not completely investigated. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the role of early carotid endarterectomy on the peri and post-operative stroke/death complications of patients with a symptomatic carotid stenosis Material and methods: ninety consecutive patients were referred to our center for a symptomatic carotid stenosis...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545757/a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-family-focused-treatment-and-individual-supportive-therapy-for-depression-in-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#14
Martha C Tompson, Catherine A Sugar, David A Langer, Joan R Asarnow
OBJECTIVE: Despite the morbidity and negative outcomes associated with early-onset depression, few studies have examined the efficacy of psychosocial treatment for depressive disorders during childhood. Integrating family in treatment could have particularly salutary effects during this developmental period. This trial compared immediate posttreatment effects of family-focused treatment for childhood depression (FFT-CD) with those of individual supportive psychotherapy (IP) for children 7 to 14 years old with depressive disorders...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545730/synthesis-and-characterisation-of-non-bonded-1-7%C3%AE-m-thin-shell-ts1-7-100nm-silica-particles-for-the-rapid-separation-and-analysis-of-uric-acid-and-creatinine-in-human-urine-by-hydrophilic-interaction-chromatography
#15
Victor K Langsi, Benjamin A Ashu-Arrah, Niamh Ward, Jeremy D Glennon
A rapid chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of uric acid (UA) and creatinine (Cr) in human urine is described, using a non-bonded 1.7μm thin-shell (TS1.7-100nm) silica particle prepared by the seeded-growth approach. The new shell particle was characterised by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and BET analysis. TEM reveals 1.5μm solid core and 100nm shell thickness. DLS shows polydispersity index <0.2. Expanded pore size of 88Å and specific surface area of 78m(2)/g were determined by BET...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545280/-impacts-of-early-metoprolol-intervention-on-connexin-43-and-phosphorylated-connexin-43-expression-in-rabbits-with-experimental-myocardial-infarction
#16
M Zhou, Q Lu, J Q Jiang, Z N Chen, Z G Gong, Z G Li, W W Fu, S F Ding
Objective: To investigate the early intervention effects of metoprolol on connexin 43(Cx43) and phosphorylated Cx43 (p-Cx43) expression in rabbits with post myocardial infarction. Methods: A total of 24 adult male New Zealand white rabbits were divided into sham group (n=6), early treatment group(n=6), routine treatment group(n=6), and myocardial infarction group(n=6) with a randomized block design blocked by weight. Myocardial infarction was induced by left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation...
April 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545172/femoral-nerve-block-versus-adductor-canal-block-for-analgesia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#17
REVIEW
In Jun Koh, Young Jun Choi, Man Soo Kim, Hyun Jung Koh, Min Sung Kang, Yong In
Inadequate pain management after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) impedes recovery, increases the risk of postoperative complications, and results in patient dissatisfaction. Although the preemptive use of multimodal measures is currently considered the principle of pain management after TKA, no gold standard pain management protocol has been established. Peripheral nerve blocks have been used as part of a contemporary multimodal approach to pain control after TKA. Femoral nerve block (FNB) has excellent postoperative analgesia and is now a commonly used analgesic modality for TKA pain control...
June 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545111/northern-range-expansion-of-the-asian-tiger-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-analysis-of-mosquito-data-from-connecticut-usa
#18
Philip M Armstrong, Theodore G Andreadis, John J Shepard, Michael C Thomas
BACKGROUND: The Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) is an invasive species and important arbovirus vector that was introduced into the U.S. in the 1980's where it continues to expand its range. Winter temperature is an important constraint to its northward expansion, with potential range limits located between the 0° and -5°C mean cold month isotherm. Connecticut is located within this climatic zone and therefore, Ae. albopictus was monitored statewide to assess its northern range expansion and to delineate where populations can stably persist...
May 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544229/clinical-heterogeneity-of-type-1-diabetes-t1d-found-in-asia
#19
REVIEW
Yongsoo Park, Kupper A Wintergerst, Zhiguang Zhou
Diabetes mellitus among young patients in Asia is caused by a complex set of factors. Although T1D remains the most common form of diabetes in children, the recent unabated increase in obesity has resulted in the emergence of T2D as a new type of diabetes at adolescent and young adult age. In addition to the typical autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1aD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients, there is a variable incidence of cases of non-autoimmune types of T1D associated with insulin deficiency (T1bD). Additional forms have been described, including fulminant T1D (FT1D)...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543100/syndecan-1-limits-the-progression-of-liver-injury-and-promotes-liver-repair-in-acetaminophen-induced-liver-injury
#20
Eon Jeong Nam, Kazutaka Hayashida, Rafael S Aquino, John R Couchman, Rosemary A Kozar, Jian Liu, Pyong Woo Park
Accidental or intentional misuse of acetaminophen (APAP) is the leading cause of acute liver failure in the Western world. While mechanisms that trigger APAP-induced liver injury are well known, those that halt the progression of APAP liver disease and facilitate liver recovery are less understood. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) bind to and regulate various tissue injury factors through their heparan sulfate (HS) chains, but the importance of HSPGs in liver injury in vivo remains unknown. Here, we examined the role of syndecan-1, the major cell surface HSPG of hepatocytes, in APAP-induced liver injury...
May 22, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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