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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919590/a-study-of-the-discussions-on-psychiatry-of-korea-in-the-1960s-and-1970s-from-mental-hygiene-to-modern-psychiatry
#1
Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914063/identifying-the-interprofessional-agreement-between-community-pharmacists%C3%A2-and-general-practitioners%C3%A2-views-on-collaborative-practice-in-slovakia
#2
Ladislav Dubán, Tomáš Fazekaš, Magdaléna Fulmeková, Miroslava Snopková, Anna Oleárová, Magdaléna Kuželová
BACKGROUND: The collaboration of community pharmacists (CPs) and general practitioners (GPs) has a positive effect on healthcare outcomes. There are still many countries, where no efforts have been made to enhance this type of teamwork. There is no evidence of how GPs and CPs collaborate in Slovakia. The objective of this study is to identify the current level of GPs and CPs teamwork in Slovakia and to identify the key factors, where these professions agree. METHODS: Two parallel electronic surveys were prepared and sent out by e-mail to CPs and GPs in Slovakia...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903976/working-hard-but-working-differently-a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-generational-change-on-rural-health-care
#3
David Snadden, Mark Alexander Kunzli
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature evaluating generational change in the physician workforce and the adjustments required of practices, practitioners and the health care system as a whole. The purpose of this study was to explore rural practitioners' experiences of their current contexts relevant to recruitment and retention and to determine how practices are responding to changing aspirations of new practitioners. METHODS: We used qualitative methods. Participants were selected to ensure diversity of career stage...
September 12, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903792/the-relationship-between-competence-and-patient-outcome-with-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioural-interventions
#4
Amanda Branson, Pamela Myles, Mishka Mahdi, Roz Shafran
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about the relationship between therapist competence and the outcomes of patients treated for common mental health disorders. Furthermore, the evidence is yet to extend to competence in the delivery of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. Understanding this relationship is essential to the dissemination and implementation of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between Psychological Well-being Practitioner (PWP) competence and patient outcome within the framework of the British government's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) initiative...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901918/enhancing-the-relationship-between-regulators-and-their-profession
#5
Zubin Austin
Regulators face unique pressures to balance competing priorities related to patient safety, public accountability, and practitioners' expectations. Historically, the collegial model of self-regulation has been used as a tool for risk management, to recognize the importance of profession- and context-specific judgment in complex, ambiguous clinical situations. Increasingly, as public accountability concerns have grown dominant within regulatory bodies, this collegial model has shifted toward a more antagonistic relationship between the regulators and the regulated...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901698/online-training-introduces-a-novel-approach-to-the-dietetic-care-process-documentation
#6
Shelly Rachman-Elbaum, Aliza H Stark, Josefa Kachal, Teresa Johnson, Bat Sheva Porat-Katz
AIM: Nutrition professionals in Israel are developing a system to document the Dietetic Care Process (DCP) tailored for specific patient sectors and compliant with national health guidelines. The ultimate goal is to achieve uniform documentation and improve nutrition care. Israeli dietetic practitioners work in specific patient sectors; therefore, a patient population-specific reporting system is proposed instead of the typical singular format applied across all patient populations. The purpose of this project was to evaluate learning outcomes and attitudes among registered dietitians (RDs) after online training of a novel DCP documentation system...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901654/clinical-learning-environments-place-artefacts-and-rhythm
#7
Dale Sheehan, Tanisha Jowsey, Mariam Parwaiz, Mark Birch, Philippa Seaton, Susan Shaw, Alison Duggan, Tim Wilkinson
CONTEXT: Health care practitioners learn through experience in clinical environments in which supervision is a key component, but how that learning occurs outside the supervision relationship remains largely unknown. This study explores the environmental factors that inform and support workplace learning within a clinical environment. METHODS: An observational study drawing on ethnographic methods was undertaken in a general medicine ward. Observers paid attention to interactions among staff members that involved potential teaching and learning moments that occurred and were visible in the course of routine work...
October 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893115/the-challenges-of-patient-satisfaction-influencing-factors-and-the-patient-provider-relationship-in-the-united-states
#8
Arlinda Baummer-Carr, David P Nicolau
Patient satisfaction is a phenomenon that has become influential in the inpatient setting with the introduction of the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Practitioners and Systems (HCAHPS) survey in the United States. Patient satisfaction is a key goal of healthcare organizations and presents some challenges to providing quality patient care. Areas covered: This review will focus on the challenges patient satisfaction presents in the healthcare field, with a key focus on factors that influence patient satisfaction, the common problem of inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions and the importance of the patient-provider relationship...
September 12, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893043/psychometric-utility-in-determining-dental-organizational-attribute-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ghaziabad-india
#9
Irfan Ali, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Basavaraj Patthi, Kuldeep Dhama, Lav Kumar Niraj, Monika Prasad, Jishnu Krishna Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Psychometrics is the field of research involved with the objective measurement of finesse and intelligence, skills, temperament, personality traits, and educational success and technique of psychological measurement. Oral healthcare along with patient satisfaction and quality of care are main factors responsible for organizational attribute. Patient safety is relatively emerging domain which will result in improving patient's conditions without causing harm to them. AIM: To assess the psychometric behaviours as well as organization attribute with the help of modified version of Survey of Organizational Attributes for Primary Care (SOAPC) instrument among the dental care practitioners in Ghaziabad city, Uttar Pradesh, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882809/the-user-knows-what-to-call-it-incorporating-patient-voice-through-user-contributed-tags-on-a-participatory-platform-about-health-management
#10
Annie T Chen, Rachel M Carriere, Samantha Jan Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Body listening, described as the act of paying attention to the body's signals and cues, can be an important component of long-term health management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to introduce and evaluate the Body Listening Project, an innovative effort to engage the public in the creation of a public resource-to leverage collective wisdom in the health domain. This project involved a website where people could contribute their experiences of and dialogue with others concerning body listening and self-management...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882606/managing-spine-surgery-referrals-the-consultation-of-neurosurgery-and-its-nuances
#11
B Debono, P Sabatier, A Koudsie, K Buffenoir, O Hamel
INTRODUCTION: Spinal disorders, particularly low back pain, are among the most common reasons for general practitioner (GP) consultation and can sometimes be a source of professional friction. Despite their frequency and published guidelines, many patients are still mistakenly referred by their GP to specialists for spinal surgery consultation which can create colleague relationship problems, suboptimal or unnessary delayed care, as well as the financial implications for patients. PURPOSE: To assess the management of GP lumbar spine referrals made to 4 neurosurgeons from 3 neurosurgical teams specialized in spinal surgery...
September 4, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877940/qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-that-influence-the-implementation-of-community-pharmacy-services-perspectives-of-patients-nurses-and-general-medical-practitioners
#12
Lutfun N Hossain, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Tim Luckett, Joanna C Moullin, Desire Durks, Lucia Franco-Trigo, Shalom I Benrimoj, Daniel Sabater-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: The integration of community pharmacy services (CPSs) into primary care practice can be enhanced by assessing (and further addressing) the elements that enable (ie, facilitators) or hinder (ie, barriers) the implementation of such CPSs. These elements have been widely researched from the perspective of pharmacists but not from the perspectives of other stakeholders who can interact with and influence the implementation of CPSs. The aim of this study was to synthesise the literature on patients', general practitioners' (GPs) and nurses' perspectives of CPSs to identify barriers and facilitators to their implementation in Australia...
September 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866546/understanding-the-relationship-between-interactive-optimisation-and-visual-analytics-in-the-context-of-prostate-brachytherapy
#13
Jie Liu, Tim Dwyer, Kim Marriott, Jeremy Millar, Annette Haworth
The fields of operations research and computer science have long sought to find automatic solver techniques that can find high-quality solutions to difficult real-world optimisation problems. The traditional workflow is to exactly model the problem and then enter this model into a general-purpose "black-box" solver. In practice, however, many problems cannot be solved completely automatically, but require a "human-in-the-loop" to iteratively refine the model and give hints to the solver. In this paper, we explore the parallels between this interactive optimisation workflow and the visual analytics sense-making loop...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865814/patients-values-in-clinical-decision-making
#14
Clovis Mariano Faggion, Thorsten Pachur, Nikolaos Nikitas Giannakopoulos
OBJECTIVE: Shared decision-making involves the participation of patient and dental practitioner. Well-informed decision-making requires that both parties understand important concepts that may influence the decision. This fourth article in a series of 4 aims to discuss the importance of patients' values when a clinical decision is made. METHODS: We report on how to incorporate important concepts for well-informed, shared decision-making. Here, we present patient values as an important issue, in addition to previously established topics such as the risk of bias of a study, cost-effectiveness of treatment approaches, and a comparison of therapeutic benefit with potential side effects...
September 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865642/adapting-the-patient-centered-medical-home-to-address-psychosocial-adversity-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#15
Cecilia Vu, Emily Rothman, Caroline J Kistin, Kelly Barton, Barb Bulman, Ann Budzak-Garza, Denyse Olson-Dorff, Megan H Bair-Merritt
OBJECTIVE: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) seeks to improve population health. However, PCMH models often focus on improving treatment of chronic diseases rather than on addressing psychosocial adversity. We sought to gather key stakeholder input about how PCMHs might feasibly and sustainably address psychosocial adversity within their patient populations. METHODS: We conducted 25 semistructured interviews with key stakeholders, such as physicians, nurses, medical assistants, and patients...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864878/self-rated-health-as-a-predictor-of-mid-term-and-long-term-mortality-in-older-afro-caribbeans-hospitalised-via-the-emergency-department
#16
Lidvine Godaert, C Godard-Sebillotte, L Allard Saint-Albin, L Bousquet, I Bourdel-Marchasson, J-L Fanon, M Dramé
PURPOSE: To determine whether self-rated health (SRH) is an independent predictor for mortality in older Afro-Caribbean patients hospitalised for an acute condition. METHODS: Prospective cohort of patients recruited from the University Hospitals of Martinique Acute Care for Elders unit. Patients aged 75 or older and hospitalised for an acute condition were eligible. The outcome was time to death within the 36-week follow-up. SRH was the explanatory variable of interest...
September 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864304/-cancer-diagnosis-disclosure-and-supportive-care-seen-from-the-patient-side-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-survey
#17
Cécile Ricard, Ingrid Hamon, Angélique Duparc, Christoph A Steffen
The objective of this study was to describe patients' experience during cancer disclosure and initial carers' support phase, in three healthcare facilities in Haute-Savoie District, France. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a multicentric, cross-sectional telephone survey. Patients registered on the multidisciplinary cancer consultation platform lists were randomised. Practitioners validated the inclusion criteria of their patients, i.e. age over 18, patient fully informed of his/her diagnosis and able to answer a telephone interview...
August 29, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859445/social-and-professional-influences-on-antimicrobial-prescribing-for-doctors-in-training-a-realist-review
#18
Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Karen Mattick, Mark Pearson, Nicola Brennan, Simon Briscoe, Geoff Wong
Background: Antimicrobial resistance has led to widespread implementation of interventions for appropriate prescribing. However, such interventions are often adopted without an adequate understanding of the challenges facing doctors-in-training as key prescribers. Methods: The review followed a realist, theory-driven approach to synthesizing qualitative, quantitative and mixed-methods literature. Consistent with realist review quality standards, articles retrieved from electronic databases were systematically screened and analysed to elicit explanations of antimicrobial prescribing behaviours...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858681/investigation-of-four-self-report-instruments-fabt-tsk-hc-back-paq-hc-pairs-to-measure-healthcare-practitioners-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-low-back-pain-reliability-convergent-validity-and-survey-of-new-zealand-osteopaths-and-manipulative-physiotherapists
#19
Robert W Moran, Wendy M Rushworth, Jesse Mason
BACKGROUND: Healthcare practitioner beliefs influence advice and management provided to patients with back pain. Several instruments measuring practitioner beliefs have been developed but psychometric properties for some have not been investigated. AIMS: To investigate internal consistency, test-retest reliability and convergent validity of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Tool (FABT), the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia for Health Care Providers (TSK-HC), the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ), and the Health Care Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale (HC-PAIRS)...
August 23, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854916/the-quality-safety-and-governance-of-telephone-triage-and-advice-services-an-overview-of-evidence-from-systematic-reviews
#20
Rebecca Lake, Andrew Georgiou, Julie Li, Ling Li, Mary Byrne, Maureen Robinson, Johanna I Westbrook
BACKGROUND: Telephone triage and advice services (TTAS) are increasingly being implemented around the world. These services allow people to speak to a nurse or general practitioner over the telephone and receive assessment and healthcare advice. There is an existing body of research on the topic of TTAS, however the diffuseness of the evidence base makes it difficult to identify key lessons that are consistent across the literature. Systematic reviews represent the highest level of evidence synthesis...
August 30, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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