keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

younger onset dementia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116580/disrupted-face-processing-in-frontotemporal-dementia-a-review-of-the-clinical-and-neuroanatomical-evidence
#1
REVIEW
Rosalind Hutchings, Romina Palermo, Olivier Piguet, Fiona Kumfor
Faces play an integral role in day-to-day functioning, particularly for social interactions where dynamic and rapid processing of information is vital. Analysis of faces allows an individual to ascertain a wide range of information including deciphering mood and identity, with these assessments directing an individual's subsequent response and behaviours. The prominent social and emotional deficits observed in frontotemporal dementia (FTD), a younger-onset dementia syndrome, may in part reflect a breakdown of the face processing network...
January 23, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114802/measuring-younger-onset-dementia-what-the-qualitative-literature-reveals-about-the-lived-experience-for-patients-and-caregivers
#2
John H Spreadbury, Christopher Kipps
Background The qualitative research on young onset dementia is providing insights about the 'lived experience' of patients and caregivers. However, findings from these studies have seldom been integrated into descriptive overviews. Our aim was to search the qualitative research, to integrate the qualitative findings, and offer an account of the lived experience for patients and caregivers. Method The search of the qualitative research formed part of a broader comprehensive literature search investigating salient measurement issues in the young onset dementia psychosocial research...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109723/octogenarian-parkinsonism-clinicopathological-observations
#3
Ali H Rajput, Emma F Rajput
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder for which old age is the best known risk. The proportion of elderly in the world is increasing, resulting in larger pool of people at risk for Parkinson's disease. Several other neurodegenerative disorders also produce Parkinson syndrome. Distinguishing between those variants is only possible with pathological examination of brain. No autopsy confirmed study of 80 years and older onset in parkinsonism cases has been reported...
January 12, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105501/-diagnostics-and-multimodal-treatment-of-depression-in-old-age-new-developments
#4
Gerhard W Eschweiler
Depressive disorders in elderly persons are frequent and can either first be manifested at a younger age and show a recurrent pattern during later life (ICD 10, F33.*) or have an onset beyond 60 years, which is termed late onset depression (LOD). This LOD has a higher tendency to chronification and implies an increased risk of progression, especially to vascular dementia. The multifactorial genesis of depression in old age includes psychosocial, vascular and metabolic factors and requires multimodal therapy modules at the biological and psychosocial level, which is now increasingly being empirically proven...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093795/the-natural-history-of-pure-autonomic-failure-a-u-s-prospective-cohort
#5
Horacio Kaufmann, Lucy Norcliffe-Kaufmann, Jose-Alberto Palma, Italo Biaggioni, Phillip A Low, Wolfgang Singer, David S Goldstein, Amanda C Peltier, Cyndia A Shibao, Christopher H Gibbons, Roy Freeman, David Robertson
OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical features and biomarkers that predict which patients with pure autonomic failure will develop Parkinson disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, or multiple system atrophy. METHODS: One hundred patients who presented with pure autonomic failure were recruited at 5 medical centers in the U.S. Seventy-four patients agreed to be followed prospectively. Patients underwent clinical evaluations including neurological rating scales, sleep questionnaires, smell test, and sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiovascular autonomic function tests...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907913/screening-younger-individuals-in-a-primary-care-setting-flags-putative-dementia-cases-and-correlates-gastrointestinal-diseases-with-poor-cognitive-performance
#6
Ilka M Rosa, Ana Gabriela Henriques, Liliana Carvalho, Joana Oliveira, Odete A B da Cruz E Silva
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diagnosing dementia is challenging in many primary care settings, given the limited human resources and the lack of current diagnostic tools. With this in mind, a primary care-based cohort was established in the Aveiro district of Portugal. METHODS: A total of 568 participants were evaluated using cognitive tests and APOE genotyping. RESULTS: The findings revealed a dementia prevalence of 12%. A strong correlation between increasing Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scores and education was clearly evident...
2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829341/increased-risk-of-dementia-in-patients-with-non-apnea-sleep-disorder
#7
Pi-Shan Sung, Chih-Ching Yeh, Liang-Chao Wang, Peir-Haur Hung, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, Chih-Hung Chen, Kuen-Jer Tsai
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders other than sleep apnea (non-apnea sleep disorder, NSD), esp. insomnia and excessive daytime sleepiness, has been reported to induce higher risk of cognitive decline and dementia in previous longitudinal follow-up studies. However, large-scale nationwide population-based study may further confirm the association between NSD and dementia. METHODS: It was a nationwide population-based retrospective study. We used data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) between January 2000 and December 2011...
November 7, 2016: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778156/factors-predicting-survival-in-als-a-multicenter-italian-study
#8
Andrea Calvo, Cristina Moglia, Christian Lunetta, Kalliopi Marinou, Nicola Ticozzi, Gianluca Drago Ferrante, Carlo Scialo, Gianni Sorarù, Francesca Trojsi, Amelia Conte, Yuri M Falzone, Rosanna Tortelli, Massimo Russo, Adriano Chiò, Valeria Ada Sansone, Gabriele Mora, Vincenzo Silani, Paolo Volanti, Claudia Caponnetto, Giorgia Querin, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Mario Sabatelli, Nilo Riva, Giancarlo Logroscino, Sonia Messina, Nicola Fini, Jessica Mandrioli
The aim of this multicenter, retrospective study is to investigate the role of clinical characteristics and therapeutic intervention on ALS prognosis. The study included patients diagnosed from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2013 in 13 Italian referral centers for ALS located in 10 Italian regions. Caring neurologists collected a detailed phenotypic profile and follow-up data until death into an electronic database. One center collected also data from a population-based registry for ALS. 2648 incident cases were collected...
January 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777022/clinical-phenotype-and-genetic-associations-in-autosomal-dominant-familial-alzheimer-s-disease-a-case-series
#9
Natalie S Ryan, Jennifer M Nicholas, Philip S J Weston, Yuying Liang, Tammaryn Lashley, Rita Guerreiro, Gary Adamson, Janna Kenny, Jon Beck, Lucia Chavez-Gutierrez, Bart de Strooper, Tamas Revesz, Janice Holton, Simon Mead, Martin N Rossor, Nick C Fox
BACKGROUND: The causes of phenotypic heterogeneity in familial Alzheimer's disease with autosomal dominant inheritance are not well understood. We aimed to characterise clinical phenotypes and genetic associations with APP and PSEN1 mutations in symptomatic autosomal dominant familial Alzheimer's disease (ADAD). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed genotypic and phenotypic data (age at symptom onset, initial cognitive or behavioural symptoms, and presence of myoclonus, seizures, pyramidal signs, extrapyramidal signs, and cerebellar signs) from all individuals with ADAD due to APP or PSEN1 mutations seen at the Dementia Research Centre in London, UK...
October 21, 2016: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745717/-search-association-between-cannabis-abuse-and-bipolar-disorder-a-study-on-a-sample-of-patients-hospitalized-for-bipolar-disorder
#10
F Kazour, C Awaida, L Souaiby, S Richa
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis use is very frequent in bipolar disorder and has been found to increase the duration and frequency of manic symptoms while decreasing those of depression. Bipolar patients who use cannabis were shown to have poorer compliance to treatment, more symptoms that are psychotic and a worse prognosis than patients who do not. In this study, we have evaluated the importance of cannabis use among bipolar patients admitted to the Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross, Lebanon (Hôpital Psychiatrique de la Croix [HPC]) as well as the clinical differences between cannabis users and non-users...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745704/back-to-the-future-hormone-replacement-therapy-as-part-of-a-prevention-strategy-for-women-at-the-onset-of-menopause
#11
REVIEW
Roger A Lobo, James H Pickar, John C Stevenson, Wendy J Mack, Howard N Hodis
In the late 1980s, several observational studies and meta-analyses suggested that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was beneficial for prevention of osteoporosis, coronary heart disease, dementia and decreased all-cause mortality. In 1992, the American College of Physicians recommended HRT for prevention of coronary disease. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, several randomized trials in older women suggested coronary harm and that the risks, including breast cancer, outweighed any benefit. HRT stopped being prescribed at that time, even for women who had severe symptoms of menopause...
November 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723861/high-frequency-of-gba-gene-mutations-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-among-ashkenazi-jews
#12
Tamara Shiner, Anat Mirelman, Mali Gana Weisz, Anat Bar-Shira, Elissa Ash, Ron Cialic, Naomi Nevler, Tanya Gurevich, Noa Bregman, Avi Orr-Urtreger, Nir Giladi
Importance: Mutations in the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene are a risk factor for the development of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). These mutations are common among Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) and appear to have an effect on the natural history of the disease. Objectives: To evaluate the clinical and genetic characteristics of an AJ cohort of patients diagnosed with DLB, assess the association of phenotype of DLB with GBA mutations, and explore the effects of these mutations on the clinical course of the disease...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717960/dementia-onset-incidence-and-risk-in-type-2-diabetes-a-matched-cohort-study-with-the-fremantle-diabetes-study-phase-i
#13
Wendy A Davis, Renate R Zilkens, Sergio E Starkstein, Timothy M E Davis, David G Bruce
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The study aimed to assess the incidence, age of onset, survival and relative hazard of dementia in well-categorised community-based patients with type 2 diabetes compared with a matched cohort of individuals without diabetes. METHODS: A longitudinal observational study was undertaken involving 1291 participants with type 2 diabetes from the Fremantle Diabetes Study and 5159 matched residents without documented diabetes. Linkage with health-related databases was used to detect incident dementia...
January 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625375/brief-screening-of-vascular-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-cerebral-autosomal-dominant-arteriopathy-with-subcortical-infarcts-and-leukoencephalopathy-without-dementia
#14
Rebecca L Brookes, Matthew J Hollocks, Rhea Y Y Tan, Robin G Morris, Hugh S Markus
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral autosomal-dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a monogenic form of cerebral small vessel disease leading to early-onset stroke and dementia, with younger patients frequently showing subclinical deficits in cognition. At present, there are no targeted cognitive screening measures for this population. However, the Brief Memory and Executive Test (BMET) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) have shown utility in detecting cognitive impairment in sporadic small vessel disease...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621246/the-experiences-of-people-with-young-onset-dementia-a-meta-ethnographic-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#15
REVIEW
Nan Greenwood, Raymond Smith
Dementia is usually diagnosed in later life but can occur in younger people. The experiences of those with older-onset dementia are relatively well understood but little is known about the experiences of those with young-onset dementia (aged less than 65 years). This meta-ethnography therefore synthesised qualitative literature investigating the experiences of people with young-onset dementia (YOD). Six electronic databases were searched and 1155 studies were identified, of which eight fitted the inclusion criteria...
October 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609937/an-exploration-of-the-impact-of-younger-onset-dementia-on-employment
#16
David Evans
This study explored the emergence of dementia in people who were still working. A qualitative life course approach was used to describe the experience from the onset of dementia-related symptoms to the time when the person left the workforce. The emergence of dementia at work for the participants in this study took the form of a slow transition that initially was not noticed by co-workers. It brought about subtle changes as the person became forgetful, disorganised, made mistakes and was slower. Over time the person's job performance continued to deteriorate and others at the workplace started to realise that there was a problem...
September 8, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509918/measuring-younger-onset-dementia-a-comprehensive-literature-search-of-the-quantitative-psychosocial-research
#17
J H Spreadbury, C M Kipps
BACKGROUND: Research is beginning to demonstrate the unique psychosocial effects of young onset dementia. Theorising remains at an early stage and there has been little discussion about measurement and methodological issues. Our aim was to conduct a comprehensive literature search of the young onset dementia psychosocial research, and to identify the domains of experience measured with patients and caregivers. METHOD: We conducted a search of five electronic databases (Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Embase, the Cochrane Library) using equivalent database controlled vocabulary terms...
August 10, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472884/all-is-not-lost-positive-behaviors-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-with-disease-severity
#18
Akira Midorikawa, Cristian E Leyton, David Foxe, Ramon Landin-Romero, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet
BACKGROUND: Anecdotal evidence indicates that some patients with dementia exhibit novel or increased positive behaviors, such as painting or singing, after the disease onset. Due to the lack of objective measures, however, the frequency and nature of these changes has not been formally investigated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to systematically identify changes in these behaviors in the two most common younger-onset dementia syndromes: Alzheimer's disease (AD) and behavioral-variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD)...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405890/young-onset-dementia
#19
B Draper, A Withall
Young onset dementia (YOD), where symptoms of dementia have an onset before the age of 65, has become more prominent due to the population increase from the Baby Boomer generation. This clinical perspective examines key issues in the assessment, diagnosis and management of YOD. Challenges in the assessment and diagnosis of YOD are partly due to the diverse range of types of YOD, where degenerative dementias are less common and secondary dementias more common than in late onset dementia. Early symptoms are broad and include depression, behavioural change, neurological disorders, systemic disorders and mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
July 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382914/diagnosing-young-onset-dementia-can-be-challenging
#20
Samrah Ahmed, Ian Baker, Christopher R Butler
Although the risk of developing dementia increases with age, onset can be as early as the third or fourth decade of life. Genetic influences play a more important role in younger than in older people with dementia, so young onset dementia may cluster in families. Diagnosing young onset dementia is challenging. The range of possible presenting features is broad, encompassing behavioural, cognitive, psychiatric and neurological domains, and symptoms are often subtle initially. Frequently the complaints are misattributed to stress or depression, and the patient is falsely reassured that they are too young to have dementia...
May 2016: Practitioner
keyword
keyword
34466
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"