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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728287/-analysis-of-structure-and-function-of-meibomian-glands-in-healthy-population-at-different-ages
#1
J Hong, H Q Qu
Objective: To observe the structure and function of meibomian glands in normal population at different ages. Methods: From October 2011 to August 2012, meibomian gland information was collected in healthy volunteers without any symptoms of ocular discomfort, aged more than 5 years. The people were grouped by every 10 years of age. The meibomian gland opening, secretion state and characteristics and Max's line were observed by slit lamp microscopic examination, and the meibomian gland dropouts were examined by noncontact infrared meibomian gland microscopy...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728282/-epidemiologic-study-of-tear-film-lipid-layer-thickness-measurement-in-the-population-of-taishitun-community-in-beijing
#2
Q F Liang, X H Du, Y D Su, N L Wang, Z J Wei, Antoine Labbé
Objective: To investigate the distribution of tear film lipid layer thickness (LLT) and the relationship between symptoms and signs of dry eye and tear film LLT in the population of Taishitun Community in Beijing. Methods: A cross-sectional study. From May 2016 to August 2016, three streets of Taishitun Community were randomly selected as survey districts and 540 persons were taken as investigation subjects. Every participant completed 6 items of dry eye examinations as follows: questionnaire (Ocular Surface Disease Index, OSDI), measurement of tear film LLT, tear film break-up time (TBUT), corneal and conjunctival staining, SchirmerⅠtest and the infrared meibomian photography...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728087/surface-imprinted-bacterial-cellulose-nanofibers-for-hemoglobin-purification
#3
Monireh Bakhshpour, Emel Tamahkar, Müge Andaç, Adil Denizli
There is a significant need for the development of the novel adsorbents in the field of protein purification. In this study, thin hemoglobin imprinted film (MIP) was fabricated onto the bacterial cellulose nanofibers' (BCNFs) by surface imprinting method using metal ion coordination interactions with N-methacryloyl-(L)-histidinemethylester (MAH) and copper ions. The hemoglobin surface imprinted bacterial cellulose nanofibers (MIP-BCNFs) was applied to selective recognition of hemoglobin and purification from hemolysate...
July 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728085/preparation-of-a-6-oh-quaternized-chitosan-derivative-through-click-reaction-and-its-application-to-novel-thermally-induced-polyelectrolyte-complex-hydrogels
#4
Yu Chen, Fengju Wang, Na Zhang, Yi Li, Bin Cheng, Yongfa Zheng
In the present study, a chitosan derivative with long chain quaternary ammonium locating grafted at 6-OH (CTS-6-QAS) was designed and prepared via a novel click reaction. The structure and thermal stability of the products of each step were determined with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Rheological tests indicate that CTS-6-QAS possesses excellent thermally induced hydrogel formation property in the presence of β-glycerophosphate (β-GP)...
July 11, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728030/enhanced-visible-light-photocatalytic-hydrogen-evolution-over-porphyrin-hybridized-graphitic-carbon-nitride
#5
Shunkang Mei, Jianping Gao, Ye Zhang, Jiangbing Yang, Yongli Wu, Xiaoxue Wang, Ruiru Zhao, Xiangang Zhai, Chaoyue Hao, Ruixia Li, Jing Yan
Tetra (4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP) was loaded on the surface of Pt/g-C3N4 via a simple adsorption process, and the microstructure and chemical structure of the composites were characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, UV-visible diffused reflectance spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Loading TCPP onto Pt/g-C3N4 enhanced the visible-light-driven photocatalytic evolution of H2 from water...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727458/unraveling-the-high-voc-and-high-performance-of-integrated-perovskite-organic-bulk-heterojunction-solar-cells
#6
Shiqi Dong, Yongsheng Liu, Ziruo Hong, En-Ping Yao, Pengyu Sun, Lei Meng, Yuze Lin, Jinsong Huang, Gang Li, Yang Yang
We have demonstrated high performance integrated perovskite/bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells due to the low carrier recombination velocity, high open circuit voltage (Voc) and increased light absorption ability in near-infrared (NIR) region of integrated devices. In particular, we find that the Voc of the integrated devices is dominated by (or pinned to) the perovskite cells, not the OPV cells. A Quasi-Fermi Level Pinning Model was proposed to understand the working mechanism and the origin of the Voc of the integrated perovskite/BHJ solar cell, which following that of the perovskite solar cell and is much higher than that of the low bandgap polymer based organic BHJ solar cell...
July 20, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727390/use-of-indocyanine-green-angiography-in-microsurgical-subinguinal-varicocelectomy-lessons-learned-from-our-initial-experience
#7
Chak-Lam Cho, Kwan-Lun Ho, Wayne Kwun-Wai Chan, Ringo Wing-Hong Chu, In-Chak Law
Microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy (MSV) is generally considered the gold standard nowadays in view of the lower risk of complications and recurrence. To achieve complete ligation of veins while preserving testicular artery (TA) during the procedure remains challenging despite the application of high power optical magnification and micro-Doppler ultrasonography. The use of intraoperative indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) with infrared fluorescence operative micro-scope in MSV potentially lowers the incidence of TA injury and shortens the learning curve of nov-ice surgeons...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727323/indocyanine-green-near-infrared-lymphangiography-for-evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-edema-fluid-flow-under-therapeutic-compression
#8
Marzanna T Zaleska, Waldemar L Olszewski
The commonly used modalities for therapy of limb lymphedema are manual lymphatic drainage, manual devices moving edema fluid and intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC). What seems to be necessary for validation of the effect of the compression procedure is imaging of the mobilized moving edema fluid. Picture of edema fluid flow would allow the therapist to use force adjusted to the tissue volume and stiffness differing in various limb regions as well as identify sites of abundant accumulation of fluid requiring more compression...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727264/phosphorylated-polyacrylonitrile-fiber-as-an-efficient-and-greener-acetalization-catalyst
#9
Gang Xu, Jian Cao, Yali Zhao, Lishuo Zheng, Minli Tao, Wenqin Zhang
A novel solid acid catalyst (PANEAPF) was developed by immobilization of phosphoric acid on polyacrylonitrile fiber via covalent bond. Various characterization techniques such as elemental analysis (EA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), etc. were utilized to confirm the successful grafting and the stability of the fiber catalysts during application. The PANEAPF showed high catalytic activity in the acetalization of aldehydes due to the high utilization efficiency of its functionalized acid sites...
July 20, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727235/thermal-imaging-and-dermoscopy-for-detecting-inflammation-in-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia
#10
Anna Lis-Święty, Bartosz Miziołek, Irmina Ranosz-Janicka, Grażyna Bierzyńska-Macyszyn, Ligia Brzezińska-Wcisło
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is an inflammatory condition of the scalp, which leads to scarring and slowly progressive recession of frontotemporal and/or frontoparietal hairline. Choice of FFA treatment is highly dependent on accurate assessment of disease phase, as medical treatments are effective only during the initial inflammatory stage. METHODS: To objectively quantify the activity of the inflammatory process in FFA, 22 female patients were examined by both infrared thermography and optical dermoscopy before tissue sampling...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727149/aortic-microcalcification-associates-with-elastin-fragmentation-in-marfan-syndrome
#11
Shaynah A Wanga, Stijntje Hibender, Yanto Ridwan, Cindy van Roomen, Mariska Vos, Ingeborg van der Made, Nicole van Vliet, Romy Franken, Luigi Amjg van Riel, Maarten Groenink, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Barbara Jm Mulder, Carlie Jm de Vries, Jeroen Essers, Vivian de Waard
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a connective tissue disorder, in which aortic rupture is the major cause of death. MFS patients with an aortic diameter below the advised limit for prophylactic surgery (<5cm) may unexpectedly experience an aortic dissection or rupture, despite yearly monitoring. Hence, there is a clear need for improved prognostic markers to predict such aortic events. We hypothesize that elastin fragments play a causal role in aortic calcification in MFS and that microcalcification serves as a marker for aortic disease severity...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727118/technical-note-assessment-of-an-alternative-technique-for-measuring-body-temperature-in-pigs
#12
A Petry, W McGilvray, A R Rakhshandeh, A Rakhshandeh
Core body temperature (CBT) is one of the main vital signs that is used to evaluate the health status of pigs. The most common and feasible method for assessing CBT in pigs is rectal temperature (RT). Obtaining RT is stressful for animals, may generate inaccurate results, and has the risk of spreading disease. Infrared imaging (IR) thermography of the body of pigs may be a safer and less stressful alternative to RT. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of using IR as an alternative for monitoring CBT in pigs...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727045/technical-note-characterization-of-lipid-constitution-in-fourier-transform-infrared-spectra-and-spectroscopic-discrimination-of-animal-derived-feedstuffs-from-different-species
#13
F Gao, L Han, Z Yang, L Xu, X Liu
The objective of the current work was to assess the capability of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy in combination with chemometric methods to discriminate animal-derived feedstuffs from different origins based on the lipid characteristics. A total of 82 lipid samples extracted from animal-derived feedstuffs, comprising porcine, poultry, bovine, ovine, and fish samples, were investigated by gas chromatography and FT-IR. The relationship between the lipid constitutions and the responding FT-IR spectral characteristics were explored...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726995/effects-of-transdermal-flunixin-meglumine-on-pain-biomarkers-at-dehorning-in-calves
#14
M D Kleinhenz, N K Van Engen, P J Gorden, J Ji, P Walsh, J F Coetzee
The objective of this study was to evaluate the analgesic properties of transdermal flunixin meglumine when given at the time of dehorning on pain biomarkers. Twenty-four weaned male Holstein calves, 6 to 8 wk of age were enrolled into the study. The calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: 1) transdermal flunixin and dehorn (DH-FLU); 2) transdermal flunixin and sham dehorn (SHAM-FLU); and 3) placebo and dehorn (DH-PLBO). Transdermal flunixin at a label dose of 3.33 mg/kg (or placebo at an equivalent volume) was administered as a pour-on along the top-line of the calves in each treatment group concurrently with electrocautery dehorning or sham dehorning...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726922/correction-infrared-nonlinear-optical-properties-of-lithium-containing-diamond-like-semiconductors-li2zngese4-and-li2znsnse4
#15
Ashley Weiland, Jian-Han Zhang, Daniel J Clark, Jacilynn A Brant, Charles W Sinagra, Yong Soo Kim, Joon I Jang, Jennifer A Aitken
Correction for 'Infrared nonlinear optical properties of lithium-containing diamond-like semiconductors Li2ZnGeSe4 and Li2ZnSnSe4' by Jian-Han Zhang et al., Dalton Trans., 2015, 44, 11212-11222.
July 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726887/standard-and-rapid-scan-infrared-spectroscopic-studies-of-o-xylene-transformations-in-terms-of-pore-arrangement-of-10-ring-zeolites-2d-cos-analysis
#16
Kinga Gołąbek, Karolina A Tarach, Kinga Góra-Marek
This study attempts to offer an insight into o-xylene isomerization process in terms of steric constraints of 10-ring zeolites. The zeolites under investigation, i.e. ZSM-5, IM-5 and TNU-9, have purely microporous structures and crystals with the same shape and offer comparable protonic functionality, both in manner of amount and strength of Si(OH)Al groups. Under these conditions, micropore topology is recognised to deliver differentiated catalytic performance of each zeolitic structure. Moreover, 10-ring zeolites of reduced dimensionality, i...
July 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726863/a-near-infrared-fluorescence-off-on-probe-for-sensitive-imaging-of-hydrogen-polysulfides-in-living-cells-and-mice-in-vivo
#17
Yu Fang, Wei Chen, Wen Shi, Hongyu Li, Ming Xian, Huimin Ma
A new hemicyanine-based near-infrared fluorescence off-on probe with phenyl 2-(benzoylthio)benzoate as the recognition moiety to trap hydrogen polysulfides (H2Sn, n > 1) is developed, and is used for the sensitive imaging of H2Sn in cells and mice in vivo.
July 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726726/leds-sources-and-intrinsically-bandwidth-limited-detectors
#18
Roberto Filippo, Emanuele Taralli, Mauro Rajteri
The increasing demand for light emitting diodes (LEDs) is driven by a number of application categories, including display backlighting, communications, signage, and general illumination. Nowadays, they have also become attractive candidates as new photometric standards. In recent years, LEDs have started to be applied as wavelength-selective photo-detectors as well. Nevertheless, manufacturers' datasheets are limited about LEDs used as sources in terms of degradation with operating time (aging) or shifting of the emission spectrum as a function of the forward current...
July 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726724/theoretical-studies-on-two-photon-fluorescent-hg-2-probes-based-on-the-coumarin-rhodamine-system
#19
Yujin Zhang, Jiancai Leng
The development of fluorescent sensors for Hg(2+) has attracted much attention due to the well-known adverse effects of mercury on biological health. In the present work, the optical properties of two newly-synthesized Hg(2+) chemosensors based on the coumarin-rhodamine system (named Pro1 and Pro2) were systematically investigated using time-dependent density functional theory. It is shown that Pro1 and Pro2 are effective ratiometric fluorescent Hg(2+) probes, which recognize Hg(2+) by Förster resonance energy transfer and through bond energy transfer mechanisms, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726710/using-amine-functionalized-magnetite-hollow-nanospheres-amhns-as-adsorbents-for-heavy-metal-ions
#20
Sen Lin, Lili Liu, Yong Yang, Wei Zhang, Meng Xu, Kuangfei Lin
In this paper, the amine-functionalized magnetite hollow nanospheres (AMHNs), prepared through a facile one-pot synthesis, were used as heavy metal ion adsorbents, whose morphology and physicochemical features were exploring by transmission electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer, X-ray diffraction and Fourier-transform infrared analyses. Its adsorption performances for Pb(2+), Cu(2+), Zn(2+), Ni(2+) and Cd(2+) were studied in detail. The adsorption increased with the increase of initial pH value of the solution and could be obviously affected by ionic strength...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
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