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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882065/hepatic-alveolar-hydatid-cyst-a-brief-review-of-published-cases-from-iran-in-the-last-20-years
#1
REVIEW
Bita Geramizadeh, Mohammad Baghernezhad
CONTEXT: Echinococcus multilocularis is the cause of alveolar hydatid disease, which most commonly involves the liver in more than 90% of cases. This disease is endemic in northern Iran. However, there are very few published cases from Iran. In this article, we will review all of the published cases of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis from Iran regarding all aspects, including clinical, paraclinical, and treatment protocols. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In this brief review, the published cases of hepatic Alveolar Echinococcosis (AE) from Iran were retrieved for review via a search in PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, IranMedex, scientific information database (SID), Magiran, and Irandoc (1995 - 2015) using the keywords Echinococcus multilocularis and Iran, Alveolar hydatid cyst and Iran, liver and Alveolar hydatid cyst and Iran, and Hepatic alveolar hydatid cyst and Iran...
October 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874156/prevalence-of-obesity-in-elementary-school-children-and-its-association-with-dental-caries
#2
Deema J Farsi, Heba M Elkhodary, Leena A Merdad, Najat M A Farsi, Sumer M Alaki, Najlaa M Alamoudi, Haneen A Bakhaidar, Mohammed A Alolayyan
To investigate the prevalence of obesity among elementary school children and to examine the association between obesity and caries activity in the mixed dentition stage. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between September 2014 and June 2015 using a multi-stage stratified sample of 915 elementary school children (482 boys, 433 girls) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric measurements, consisting of height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC), were obtained...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867662/death-anxiety-reliability-validity-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-form-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-iranian-old-aged-persons
#3
Mahboubeh Dadfar, David Lester, Fazel Bahrami
The present study is aimed at examining the level of death anxiety and the sex-related differences among old-aged Iranian individuals sample to compare the old-aged persons with young college students and to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) factors in old-aged sample. A sample of 146 volunteer Iranian individuals took part in the study. The mean ages were 68.58 (SD = 7.10), men 68.81 (SD = 7.44) and women 68.28 (SD = 6.76), respectively. The mean score of the ASDA was 51...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830200/photorefractive-keratectomy-for-patients-with-preoperative-low-schirmer-test-value
#4
Elham Tanbakouee, Mohammad Ghoreishi, Mohammad Aghazadeh-Amiri, Mehdi Tabatabaee, Mohadeseh Mohammadinia
PURPOSE: To compare dry eye signs and symptoms between patients with preoperative low and normal Schirmer test after Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: In this prospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series, 76 eyes of 76 patients were preoperatively categorized into two groups according to selected criteria for characterization of tear film status: the low Schirmer test value (STV) group and the normal STV group. For the tear function assessment, we performed a Schirmer test with and without anesthesia, tear break-up time (TBUT) test, and measurement dry eye symptoms using the Farsi translation of Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire pre- and 3 months post-operation...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805886/children-undergoing-chemotherapy-is-it-too-late-for-dental-rehabilitation
#5
Deema J Farsi
Children undergoing cancer therapy encounter a diverse spectrum of oral changes that generally are attributed to immunosuppression and bleeding tendencies caused by the therapeutic agents. Therefore, providing oral health instructions and dental rehabilitation before the initiation of cancer therapy is encouraged. In this article, we discuss the general dental management of pediatric patients with cancer actively undergoing cancer therapy, or for whom it is planned. We also describe the dental rehabilitation performed on a child while he was undergoing chemotherapy for neuroblastoma, using an unconventional approach that varied from the standard management protocol used by King Abdulaziz University Hospital...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766950/cyclin-d1-as-a-therapeutic-target-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-combined-transcriptomics-tissue-microarray-and-molecular-docking-study-from-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#6
Sajjad Karim, Jaudah A Al-Maghrabi, Hasan M A Farsi, Ahmad J Al-Sayyad, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Zeenat Mirza, Alaa A Al-Boogmi, Fai T Ashgan, Manal M Shabaad, Hend F NourEldin, Khalid B M Al-Ghamdi, Adel Abuzenadah, Adeel G A Chaudhary, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a seventh ranked malignancy with poor prognosis. RCC is lethal at metastatic stage as it does not respond to conventional systemic treatments, and there is an urgent need to find out promising novel biomarkers for effective treatment. The goal of this study was to evaluate the biomarkers that can be potential therapeutic target and predict effective inhibitors to treat the metastatic stage of RCC. METHODS: We conducted transcriptomic profiling to identify differentially expressed genes associated with RCC...
September 30, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760696/prevalence-of-flatfoot-among-school-students-and-its-relationship-with%C3%A2-bmi
#7
Mohsen Pourghasem, Nematollah Kamali, Mehrdad Farsi, Nabiollah Soltanpour
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relation between the flat-footedness and obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1158 school children (653 male and 505 female) participated in this cross sectional descriptive study. According to their age, children were divided into three groups for each gender (6-10, 11-13, 14-18 years old). Diagnosis and severity of flatfoot was assessed in using the Dennis method. BMI of children were calculated as body weight divided by height squared (kg*m(-2))...
October 16, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752268/lipid-peroxidation-and-antioxidant-enzymes-activity-in-controlled-and-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetic-patients
#8
Mahnaz Zarei, Zahra Farahnak, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Hoda Derakhshanian, Payam Farahbakhsh-Farsi, Mahmoud Djalali
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes activity in Type 2 diabetes patients with good or weak glycemic control. METHODS: In this case-control study, 62 Type 2 diabetic patients with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) between 6 and 8 were enrolled as the controlled group and 55 patients with HbA1c > 8 were selected as an uncontrolled group. Patients were all referred to Iranian Diabetes Association in Tehran, Iran, from 2010 onward...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743435/psychometric-properties-of-physical-activity-and-leisure-motivation-scale-in-farsi-an-international-collaborative-project-on-motivation-for-physical-activity-and-leisure
#9
Sahar Zarei, Amir-Hossein Memari, Pouria Moshayedi, Fatolla Mosayebi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Selina Khoo, Tony Morris
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of regular physical activity, it is crucial to evaluate the factors favoring participation in physical activity. We aimed to report the psychometric analysis of the Farsi version of the Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS). METHODS: The Farsi version of PALMS was completed by 406 healthy adult individuals to test its factor structure and concurrent validity and reliability. RESULTS: Conducting the exploratory factor analysis revealed nine factors that accounted for 64...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703641/iranian-nurses-perceptions-of-cancer-patients-quality-of-life
#10
Masoud Bahrami
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the third main cause of death in Iran only after cardiovascular diseases and accidents. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this research study was to identify nurses' understanding of cancer patients' Quality of Life (QoL) in an Iranian context. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This descriptive correlational study was conducted in an educative referral oncology center affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran in 2013...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692724/the-impact-of-language-on-voice-an-ltas-study
#11
Samad Afshari Bahmanbiglu, Fariba Mojiri, Fateme Abnavi
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigates possible differences in sound characteristics associated with Farsi and Qashqai produced by Farsi-Qashqai bilinguals. STUDY DESIGN: This is a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty-two Farsi-Qashqai bilinguals (16 men and 16 women) participated in the study. Mean spectral energy (MSE) and spectral tilt (ST) obtained from long-term average speech spectra were extracted from continuous speech samples of Farsi-Qashqai bilingual speakers...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630458/can-intravenous-acetaminophen-reduce-the-needs-to-more-opioids-to-control-pain-in-intubated-patients
#12
Babak Mahshidfar, Azadeh Sameti, Saeed Abbasi, Davood Farsi, Mani Mofidi, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Popak Rahimzadeh, Mahdi Rezai
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen on reducing the need for morphine sulfate in intubated patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Current study was done as a clinical trial on the patients supported by mechanical ventilator. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Behavioral pain scale (BPS) scoring system was used to measure pain in the patients. All of the patients received 1 g, IV acetaminophen, every 6 h during the 1(st) and 3(rd) days of admission and placebo during the 2(nd) and 4(th) days...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618418/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-injury-psychological-readiness-to-return-to-sport-scale-to-persian-language
#13
Soofia Naghdi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Yasaman Farhadi, Safoora Ebadi, Ebrahim Entezary, Douglas Glazer
The aim of the present study was to develop and provide validation statistics for the Persian Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport scale (I-PRRS) following a cross-sectional and prospective cohort study design. The I-PRRS was forward/back-translated and culturally adapted into Persian language. The Persian I-PRRS was administered to 100 injured athletes (93 male; age 26.0 ± 5.6 years; time since injury 4.84 ± 6.4 months) and 50 healthy athletes (36 male; mean age 25.7 ± 6.0 years). The Persian I-PRRS was re-administered to 50 injured athletes at 1 week to examine test-retest reliability...
October 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617376/dental-pulp-revascularization-of-necrotic-permanent-teeth-with-immature-apices
#14
Eman A El Ashiry, Najat M Farsi, Sawsan T Abuzeid, Mohamed M El Ashiry, Hammam A Bahammam
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis presents challenges in endodontic and pediatric dentistry. Revascularization is a recent treatment for such cases as an alternative to conventional apexification. The purpose is to examine the effect of a pulpal revascularization procedure on immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients were enrolled for pulp revascularization procedure by root canal disinfection using a triple antibiotic mixture for 1-2 weeks, followed by creating a blood clot, sealing the root canal orifice using white mineral trioxide aggregate and a coronal seal of composite resin...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611842/neonatal-screening-for-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-razavi-khorasan-province-iran
#15
Mostafa Mazloum Farsi Baf, Mozhgan Mazloum Farsi Baf, Fatemeh Noorollahi, Morteza Mazloum Farsi Baf
OBJECTIVE: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the most common treatable causes of mental retardation and neurodevelopmental impairment. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 114342 neonates born in 28 cities in Razavi Khorasan province, northeastern Iran from Aril 2013 to March 2014, were screened for congenital hypothyroidism by taking blood sample from heel prick. The newborns with TSH ≥5 mIU/L were recalled for further assessment of TSH concentration in serum sample...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602564/2015-estimation-of-hospitals-safety-from-disasters-in-i-r-iran-the-results-from-the-assessment-of-421-hospitals
#16
Ali Ardalan, Maryam Kandi Keleh, Amin Saberinia, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Hamidreza Khankeh, Jafar Miadfar, Samaneh Maleknia, Atieh Mobini, Sara Mehranamin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Iran's health system has developed a Farsi edition of the Hospital Safety Index (HSI) and has integrated the related assessment program into the health information system. This article presents the results of the 2015 estimation of hospital safety from disasters in I.R.Iran using HSI. METHODS: We analyzed data from 421 hospitals that had submitted a complete HSI assessment form on the Ministry of Health and Medical Education Portal System...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602191/trends-in-ct-request-and-related-outcomes-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#17
S M Saiful Islam, Amir Fattah Abru, Saeed Al Obaidani, Saud Al Shabibi, Sami Al Farsi
OBJECTIVES: To study and to establish the overall trends of computed tomography (CT) use and associated outcomes in the pediatric emergency department (PED) at Royal Hospital, Oman, from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: The hospital electronic medical record was retrospectively searched to find children (from birth to 12 years old) who had visited the PED and the number of CT requests between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2014. The types of CT examinations ordered were analyzed according to anatomical location and were as follows; head, abdomen/pelvis, chest, cervical spine/neck, and others...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602190/profile-of-mental-and-behavioral-disorders-among-preschoolers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-oman-a-retrospective-study
#18
Marwan M Al-Sharbati, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Zena M Al-Sharbati, Fatima Al-Sulaimani, Allal Ouhtit, Samir Al-Adawi
OBJECTIVES: Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of mental and behavioral disorders in preschoolers is critical for a better prognosis, ultimately leading to improved quality of life for both the child and the family. Our study investigated the clinical profile of mental and behavioral disorders in children < 7 years of age, seeking consultation at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between 1 June 2006 and 31 December 2010. The objective was to explore demographic variables, intervention types, and annual trends...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576879/evaluation-of-dialysis-adequacy-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-systematic-review
#19
Hengameh Barzegar, Mahmoud Moosazadeh, Hedayat Jafari, Ravanbakhsh Esmaeili
PURPOSE: Hemodialysis is the common kidney replacement therapy in Iran. Doing an adequate and effective dialysis can improve patients' quality of life and reduce kidney failure complications. Additionally, dialysis quality is an important factor in reducing mortality in patients with chronic kidney failure. This systematic review has investigated the adequacy of dialysis in studies done on hemodialysis patients of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All articles related to the dialysis adequacy in hemodialysis patients in English and Farsi (contemporary Persian) were identified by searching the related keywords in various electronic databases...
2016: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556053/evaluation-of-mackey-childbirth-satisfaction-rating-scale-in-iran-what-are-the-psychometric-properties
#20
Zahra Moudi, Mahmoud Tavousi
BACKGROUND: With the integration of the evaluation of patient satisfaction in the overall assessment of healthcare services, authorities can be assured about the alignment of these services with patient needs and the suitability of care provided at the local level. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in 2013 in Zahedan, Iran, in order to assess the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the mackey childbirth satisfaction rating scale (MCSRS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: For this study, a methodological design was used...
June 2016: Nursing and Midwifery Studies
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