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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121525/psychometric-properties-of-the-affordances-in-the-home-environment-for-motor-development-inventory-for-use-with-iranian-children-aged-18-42-months
#1
Saeed Valadi, Carl Gabbard, Elahe Arabameri, Ali Kashi, Abdollah Ghasemi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate the original English language version of the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development (AHEMD) inventory and test its psychometric properties for use with Iranian children aged 18-42 months. METHODS: For this purpose, the tool was translated into Farsi (a Persian language) using the forward-backward translation method and some of its psychometric properties were examined. Multistage stratified-cluster sampling was used to study 1019 families having children aged 18-42 months from among the regional divisions of Tehran urban community health centers...
November 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114559/demographic-and-psychological-predictors-of-recovery-from-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#2
Mehran Sadeghi, Mohammad Hashemi, Reza Bagherian Sararoudi, Mohammad Reza Merasi, Mitra Molaeinezhad, Hamid Shamsolketabi
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, i.e. in Iran, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is one of the most common and expensive surgeries. This study was designed to explore the demographic and psychological factors which predict the recovery process in CABG patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a prospective correlational study, 250 CABG patients, in two public and private hospitals, investigated for indexes of recovery during hospital stay and 4 weeks after discharge. Demographic and psychological variables were collected through checklist and Farsi validated and reliable versions of type D personality, the multidimensional scale of perceived social support, revised illness perception questionnaire (IPQ-R)...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102987/perceived-barriers-to-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-attending-primary-healthcare-in-oman-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Thamra Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya Mohd Al Farsi, Elaine Bannerman, Angela Mary Craigie, Annie S Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is fundamental in diabetes management for good metabolic control. This study aimed to identify barriers to performing leisure time physical activity and explore differences based on gender, age, marital status, employment, education, income and perceived stages of change in physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes in Oman. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using an Arabic version of the 'Barriers to Being Active' 27-item questionnaire...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062550/first-cytogenetic-profile-of-omani-patients-with-de-novo-myelodysplastic-syndromes-comparison-with-data-from-asia-africa-europe-and-north-and-south-america
#4
Achandira M Udayakumar, Nagla Fawaz, Anil Pathare, Shakila Asraf, Mohammed Al-Huneini, Khalil Al-Farsi, Salam Al-Kindi, Murtadha Al-Khabouri
Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities have been reported among 30-80% of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS); however, 20-70% of patients with MDS show a normal karyotype that may nevertheless harbour a cryptic genetic alteration. Earlier reports have suggested that the distribution of specific chromosomal aberrations varies among Western and Asian countries, with geographical and ethnic differences in the frequency of specific chromosomal aberrations. This article compared the cytogenetic data of 36 adult Omani patients with MDS to previously reported data from other populations...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062367/stigma-barriers-of-mental-health-in-iran-a-qualitative-study-by-stakeholders-of-mental-health
#5
Arsia Taghva, Zahra Farsi, Yavar Javanmard, Afsaneh Atashi, Ahmad Hajebi, Mojgan Khademi
Objective: Many people who access mental health services usually do not seek treatment to avoid the consequences of stigma and label of mental illness. Thus, determining each aspect related to stigma reduction barriers seems necessary. This qualitative study was conducted to investigate stigma reduction barriers towards mental disorders in Iran. Method: In this study that was conducted from 2013 to 2015, content analysis was used and all stakeholders were selected by purposive sampling technique. All data were obtained through 16 individual interviews, 2 focus groups, and 6 written narratives...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029021/aetiological-heterogeneity-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinomas-the-role-of-human-papillomavirus-infections-smoking-and-alcohol
#6
Nada J Farsi, Marie-Claude Rousseau, Nicolas Schlecht, Geneviève Castonguay, Paul Allison, Phuc Félix Nguyen-Tan, Denis Soulieres, Francois Coutlée, Michael Hier, Sreenath Madathil, Eduardo L Franco, Belinda Nicolau
Tobacco and alcohol consumption are the main risk factors for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In addition, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection plays a causal role in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC), a subset of HNSCC. We assessed the independent effects of tobacco, alcohol, and HPV infection on OPC risk in the Head and Neck Cancer(HeNCe) Life study, a hospital-based case-control study of HNSCC with frequency-matched controls by age and sex from four Montreal hospitals. Interviewers collected information on socio-demographic and behavioural factors...
September 28, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026291/psychometric-properties-of-the-farsi-version-of-attitudes-to-aging-questionnaire-in-iranian-older-adults
#7
Nahid Rejeh, Majideh Heravi-Karimooi, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Pauline Griffiths, Maryam Nikkhah, Tahereh Bahrami
BACKGROUND: Attitudes to the aging process are affected by the individual's sociocultural background. The measurement of this important concept among older people in various societies requires the use of tools that are able to demonstrate both reliability and validity. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to translate and validate the Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ) and investigate its psychometric features among Iranian older people. METHODS: In this methodological study, the Farsi version of the AAQ was validated among 400 Iranian older adults who were members of citizen clubs in an urban area of Iran...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993384/can-coenzyme-q10-supplementation-effectively-reduce-human-tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-6-levels-in-chronic-diseases-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#8
Farnaz Farsi, Javad Heshmati, Leila Janani, Pardis Irandoost, Naeimeh Mesri Alamdari, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abolfazl Akbari, Mohammadreza Vafa
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation, as a critical factor, can cause numerous chronic diseases by creating various proinflammatory cytokines. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) can potentially exert an anti-inflammatory agent; in turn, this agent can reduce the systemic inflammatory response. The aims of this study are to conduct a comprehensive systematic review and a meta-analysis for the determination of the CoQ10 efficacy on the changes in serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels in unhealthy subjects...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979745/magnetic-resonance-mammography-in-comparison-with-mammography-in-the-discovery-of-multifocal-multicentric-and-bilateral-lesions-of-breast-cancer
#9
Khadijeh Bakhtavar, Maryam Saran, Masoud Behzadifar, Maryam Farsi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is one of the health system problems and important diseases that is rising in developing and advanced countries. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the difference of Magnetic Resonance Mammography (MRM) findings versus mammography in detecting multifocal, multi-centric and malignant bilateral lesions in patients with known breast cancer in Tehran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Iran and Tehran among breast cancer patients between January 2015 and February 2016...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969517/psychometric-properties-of-farsi-version-of-the-wish-to-be-dead-scale
#10
Mahboubeh Dadfar, David Lester, Mohammad Kazem Atef Vahid, Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek
The Wish to be Dead Scale (WDS) is a new scale to measure precursors to suicidal ideation, and the aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of a Farsi version of the WDS. The sample was a convenience sample of 145 Iranian female undergraduates and postgraduates selected from different faculties at Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Using a principal component analysis and a varimax rotation with Kaiser normalization, three factors were identified and labeled: (a) lack of purpose and usefulness in life, (b) lack of interest in living, and (c) fantasizing about being dead...
November 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964276/a-comparison-of-speech-intonation-production-and-perception-abilities-of-farsi-speaking-cochlear-implanted-and-normal-hearing-children
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Narges Moein, Seyyedeh Maryam Khoddami, Mohammad Rahim Shahbodaghi
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implant prosthesis facilitates spoken language development and speech comprehension in children with severe-profound hearing loss. However, this prosthesis is limited in encoding information about fundamental frequency and pitch that are essentially for recognition of speech prosody. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the perception and production of intonation in cochlear implant children and comparison with normal hearing children. METHOD: This study carried out on 25 cochlear implanted children and 50 children with normal hearing...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940969/decoding-the-neural-representation-of-story-meanings-across-languages
#12
Morteza Dehghani, Reihane Boghrati, Kingson Man, Joe Hoover, Sarah I Gimbel, Ashish Vaswani, Jason D Zevin, Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, Andrew S Gordon, Antonio Damasio, Jonas T Kaplan
Drawing from a common lexicon of semantic units, humans fashion narratives whose meaning transcends that of their individual utterances. However, while brain regions that represent lower-level semantic units, such as words and sentences, have been identified, questions remain about the neural representation of narrative comprehension, which involves inferring cumulative meaning. To address these questions, we exposed English, Mandarin, and Farsi native speakers to native language translations of the same stories during fMRI scanning...
September 20, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922279/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-farsi-version-of-nih-task-force-s-recommended-multidimensional-minimal-dataset-for-research-on-chronic-low-back-pain
#13
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Bahareh Tavana, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mehdi Zeinalizadeh, Babak Mirzashahi, Mohsen Rostami, Ramin Kordi
STUDY DESIGN: Translation and cultural adaptation of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Task Force's minimal dataset. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate validity and reliability of the Farsi version of NIH Task Force's recommended multidimensional minimal dataset for research on chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Considering the high cost of CLBP and its increasing prevalence, NIH Pain Consortium developed research standards (including recommendations for definitions, a minimum dataset, and outcomes' report) for studies regarding CLBP...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919911/comprehensibility-of-selected-usp-pictograms-by-illiterate-and-literate-farsi-speakers-the-first-experience-in-iran-part-i
#14
Amir H Zargarzadeh, Sahar Ahamdi
BACKGROUND: Good understanding of medication instructions is paramount to a good pharmaceutical care. The aim of our study was to examine the understandability of the selected three most applicable pictograms by participants and their recall after educational mini sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, nine experienced pharmacists selected the three most potentially applicable pictograms. Pictograms A to C were determined, respectively, "A-take medication with food," "B-medication may cause drowsiness," and "C-take medication before sleep...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917063/accuracy-of-preoperative-fine-needle-aspiration-in-diagnosis-of-malignant-parotid-tumors
#15
Hani Z Marzouki, Mohammed A Altabsh, Mohammed O Albakrei, Talal A Al-Khatib, Mazin A Merdad, Nada J Farsi
To determine the diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration (FNA) for detecting malignant parotid tumors. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with benign or malignant parotid gland tumors in King Abdulaziz University Hospital,  Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between January 2004 and May 2015. The records of 65 subjects were obtained. Histopathological findings and data from FNA examinations were obtained from medical records. Twenty-three subjects were excluded due to missing FNA, histopathology results or both...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900457/comprehensibility-of-selected-united-states-pharmacopeia-pictograms-by-illiterate-and-literate-farsi-speakers-the-first-experience-in-iran-part-ii
#16
Amir H Zargarzadeh, Sahar Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Conveying information to patients on how to use medications at the dispensing sessions and retention of this information by the patients is essential to the good pharmaceutical care. The aim of our study was to examine the comprehensibility of the selected three potentially usable pictograms by five groups of subjects who had different levels of literacy in both before and after mini educational sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine experienced pharmacists selected three potentially usable pictograms in Isfahan pharmacies: Pictograms D through F representing respectively: "do not take medication during pregnancy," "keep medication in the refrigerator," and "take medication with plenty of water...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889149/patterns-knowledge-and-barriers-of-mammography-use-among-women-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Rolina K Al-Wassia, Nada J Farsi, Leena A Merdad, Sara K Hagi
To assess mammography utilization and knowledge, and to determine barriers associated with mammography utilization among Saudi women. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 5 main geographic regions of Saudi Arabia from February 2015 to May 2015. The sample comprised women aged ≥40 years. Associations between socio-demographic factors and mammography use were tested using chi-square test. Predictors of mammography use were assessed by logistic regression. Results: A total of 3,245 women were surveyed, with 40% reporting ever having a mammogram...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872648/micrornas-regulate-the-main-events-in-rice-drought-stress-response-by-manipulating-the-water-supply-to-shoots
#18
Ehsan Mohseni Fard, Behnam Bakhshi, Mohammad Farsi, Amin Mirshamsi Kakhki, Nava Nikpay, Mohammad Ali Ebrahimi, Mohsen Mardi, Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous regulatory RNAs that are involved in a variety of biological processes related to proliferation, development, and response to biotic and abiotic stresses. miRNA profiles of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. IR64.) leaves in a partial root zone drying (PRD) system were analysed using a high-throughput sequencing approach to identify miRNAs associated with drought signalling. The treatments performed in this study were as follows: well-watered ("wet" roots, WW), wherein both halves of the pot were watered daily; drought ("dry" roots, DD), wherein water was withheld from both halves of the pot; and well-watered/drought ("wet" and "dry" roots, WD), wherein one half of each pot was watered daily, the same as in WW, and water was withheld from the other part, the same as in DD...
October 24, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852652/postpartum-depression-risk-factors-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Maryam Ghaedrahmati, Ashraf Kazemi, Gholamreza Kheirabadi, Amrollah Ebrahimi, Masood Bahrami
Postpartum depression is a debilitating mental disorder with a high prevalence. The aim of this study was review of the related studies. In this narrative review, we report studies that investigated risk factors of postpartum depression by searching the database, Scopus, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Uptodate, Proquest in the period 2000-2015 published articles about the factors associated with postpartum depression were assessed in Farsi and English. The search strategy included a combination of keywords include postpartum depression and risk factors or obstetrical history, social factors, or biological factors...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821365/can-low-dose-of-ketamine-reduce-the-need-for-morphine-in-renal-colic-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Saeed Abbasi, Nader Bidi, Babak Mahshidfar, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Mahdi Rezai, Mani Mofidi, Davood Farsi
BACKGROUND: The combination of morphine with low doses of ketamine (MK) has been utilized in the Emergency Department (ED) compared with morphine and placebo (MP) for the treatment of acute pain in few studies. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of MP with MK for the treatment of severe pain with renal colic of patients who had been referred to the ED. METHODS: This study is a double blind randomized clinical trial on patients with severe renal colic pain who were referred to the ED...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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