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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097173/contributing-factors-to-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-among-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Masoumeh Simbar, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period of overwhelming changes and challenges, which expose the adolescents to high-risk behaviors. Risky sexual relationship is one of these behaviors that entails physical risks and psychosocial harms. Various factors have been recognized to shape sexual behaviors in adolescents. This paper is an attempt to investigate the factors contributing to high-risk sexual behaviors in Iranian adolescent girls. METHODS: A literature review of the research published by Iranian authors, in Farsi or English language in local and foreign journals, was conducted using PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Scientific Information Database (SID), IranMedex, IranDoc, and Google Scholar...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088199/strategies-to-reduce-the-stigma-toward-people-with-mental-disorders-in-iran-stakeholders-perspectives
#2
Arsia Taghva, Zahra Farsi, Yavar Javanmard, Afsaneh Atashi, Ahmad Hajebi, Ahmad Ali Noorbala
BACKGROUND: Stigma affects all aspects of mental disorders, and is the most important risk factor for promoting mental health. The aim of this study was to explore strategies effective in reducing the stigma toward people with mental disorders in Iran. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted from 2013 to 2016. All participants were recruited by purposive sampling method. The majority of them were stakeholders of mental health in Iran. Data were collected through eight individual interviews, two focus groups, and six written narratives...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058236/the-iranian-version-of-the-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-for-assessment-of-psychological-risk-factors-at-work
#3
Mohammad Aminian, Iman Dianat, Anvar Miri, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
Background: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) is a widely used tool for evaluation of psychosocial risk factors at work. The aims of this study were to describe the short version of Farsi COPSOQ and to present its psychometric properties. Methods: A total of 427 administrative health care staff participated in this descriptive methodological study. Forward-backward procedure was adopted to translate the questionnaire from English into Farsi. Content validity was assessed by a panel of 10 experts...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056933/study-protocol-for-movediabetes-a-trial-to-promote-physical-activity-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-health-care-in-oman
#4
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Angela M Craigie, Maureen Mcleod, Annie S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Benefits of physical activity in the management of diabetes are well documented. However, evidence on the effectiveness of interventions integrating physical activity in diabetes care is sparse especially in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. The results from this study will increase our understanding of the use of multi-component interventions aimed at increasing physical activity levels in inactive adults with type 2 diabetes in primary health care in Oman. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a one year 1:1 cluster randomized controlled trial of the MOVEdiabetes programme (intervention) versus usual care in eight primary health care centres in Oman...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045886/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#5
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024622/synthesis-of-a-novel-thermo-ph-sensitive-nanogel-based-on-salep-modified-graphene-oxide-for-drug-release
#6
Ghasem Rezanejade Bardajee, Zari Hooshyar, Maryam Farsi, Akram Mobini, Golnaz Sang
Nanogels (NGs) are three-dimensional water soluble cross-linked hydrogel materials in the nanoscale size range with a high loading capacity for guest molecules and act as drug carrier systems. In the present work, a new type of thermo/pH sensitive NG comprising salep modified graphene oxide (SMGO) with branched N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and acrylic acid (AA) was prepared. The SMGO/P(NIPAM-co-AA) NGs exhibited nanoporous structure and spherical particles with diameters about 82nm as characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011333/effect-of-simulation-training-on-the-development-of-nurses-and-nursing-students-critical-thinking-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Najmeh Sharifi
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the existing scientific evidence on the effect of simulation on critical thinking in nursing education. DESIGN: A systematic literature review of original research publications. DATA SOURCES: In this systematic review, the papers published in English and Farsi databases of PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest, ERIC, Google Scholar and Ovid, MagIran and SID, from 1975 to 2015 were reviewed by two independent researchers...
December 20, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004035/reliability-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-version-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-an-iranian-middle-aged-sample
#8
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Fazel Bahrami
The present study aimed to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) in an Iranian middle-aged sample. A sample of 55 volunteer Iranian persons took part in the study. Cronbach's alpha of the ASDA was found to be high (0.91) and Spearman-Brown and Guttman Split-Half coefficients were 0.86. The factor analysis of the ASDA items yielded five factors accounting for 72.49% of the total variance and labeled (F1) fear of death and fear of dead people; (F2) fear of postmortem events and fear of tombs; (F3) fear of lethal disease; (F4) preoccupation with after death, and death fear in sleep; and (F5) fear of deprivation of own ones...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003900/relapse-of-multiple-myeloma-presenting-as-lower-lip-numbness
#9
Yusra M Al-Riyami, Abdulaziz Bakathir, Khalil Al-Farsi, Faisal Al-Azri
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an uncommon malignancy characterised by the proliferation of clonal plasma cells. There are few published reports describing the extramedullary presentation of MM manifesting primarily in the head and neck region. In addition, the occurrence of an isolated relapse of MM in these sites is exceedingly rare. We report a 56-year-old female who presented to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2010 with sudden-onset numbness of the lower lip. She had a history of MM in remission following chemotherapy and a bone marrow transplant...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995207/electrocardiographic-changes-in-patients-with-tramadol-induced-idiosyncratic-seizures
#10
Peyman Hafezi Moghadam, Najmeh Zarei, Davood Farsi, Saeed Abbasi, Mani Mofidi, Mahdi Rezai, Babak Mahshidfar
OBJECTIVES: To assess ECG changes in patients with tramadol-induced seizure(s) and compare these changes in lower and higher than 500 mg tramadol doses as a main goal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In an analytical-cross sectional manner over 1 year, 170 patients with idiosyncratic seizure(s) after using tramadol, were studied. Full data were recorded for each patient. ECGs were taken from all the patients on admission and 1 h later and were assessed for findings. RESULTS: 70 of 170 patients (41...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971954/why-should-we-focus-on-a-structured-model-of-secure-digital-exchanges-to-incorporate-new-documents-in-electronic-patient-records
#11
L Perrier, M Plantier, F Farsi, P Vandenbergh, H Spacagna, F Gomez, P Biron, T Durand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957315/validating-the-farsi-version-of-the-pregnancy-worries-and-stress-questionnaire-pwsq-an-exploratory-factor-analysis
#12
Fariba Navidpour, Mahrokh Dolatian, Sara Shishehgar, Farideh Yaghmaei, Hamid Alavi Majd, Seyed Saeed Hashemi
INTRODUCTION: Biological, environmental, inter- and intrapersonal changes during the antenatal period can result in anxiety and stress in pregnant women. It is pivotal to identify potential stressors and prevent their foetal and maternal consequences. The present study was conducted to validate and examine the factor structure of the Farsi version of the Pregnancy Worries and Stress Questionnaire (PWSQ). METHODS: In 2015, 502 Iranian healthy pregnant women, referred to selected hospitals in Tehran for prenatal care at 8-39 weeks of pregnancy, were recruited through a randomized cluster sampling...
October 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943196/imaging-activity-dependent-signaling-dynamics-at-the-neuronal-synapse-using-fret-based-biosensors
#13
Zohreh Farsi, Andrew Woehler
In this chapter, we introduce the combined use of FRET-based biosensors and synaptic markers as an effective tool for studying intracellular signaling pathways in small synaptic terminals of neuronal cells. The approach is based on the unmixing of excitation/emission spectral fingerprints of a FRET donor and acceptor pair, as well as a lipophilic styryl dye, FM1-43, loaded into presynaptic terminals. The destaining of FM1-43 during evoked release provides a map to guide the sampling of fluorescence for FRET analysis...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936837/using-the-locus-of-slack-logic-to-determine-whether-inhibition-of-return-in-a-cue-target-paradigm-is-delaying-early-or-late-stages-of-processing
#14
Maryam Kavyani, Alireza Farsi, Behrouz Abdoli, Raymond M Klein
Inhibition of return (IOR) is a phenomenon characterized by slower responses to targets at cued locations relative to those at uncued locations. Based on the results of previous research, it has been suggested that IOR affects a process at the input end of the processing continuum when it is generated while the reflexive oculomotor system is suppressed (cf. Satel, Hilchey, Wang, Story, & Klein, 2013). To test this theory, we employed a modified psychological refractory period paradigm designed to elicit input IOR with visual stimuli, allowing us to use the locus-of-slack logic to determine whether an early or late stage of processing was inhibited by IOR...
December 12, 2016: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925713/ramsey-interference-with-single-photons
#15
Stéphane Clemmen, Alessandro Farsi, Sven Ramelow, Alexander L Gaeta
Interferometry using discrete energy levels of nuclear, atomic, or molecular systems is the foundation for a wide range of physical phenomena and enables powerful techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance, Ramsey-based spectroscopy, and laser or maser technology. It also plays a unique role in quantum information processing as qubits may be implemented as energy superposition states of simple quantum systems. Here, we demonstrate quantum interference involving energy states of single quanta of light...
November 25, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882065/hepatic-alveolar-hydatid-cyst-a-brief-review-of-published-cases-from-iran-in-the-last-20-years
#16
REVIEW
Bita Geramizadeh, Mohammad Baghernezhad
CONTEXT: Echinococcus multilocularis is the cause of alveolar hydatid disease, which most commonly involves the liver in more than 90% of cases. This disease is endemic in northern Iran. However, there are very few published cases from Iran. In this article, we will review all of the published cases of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis from Iran regarding all aspects, including clinical, paraclinical, and treatment protocols. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In this brief review, the published cases of hepatic Alveolar Echinococcosis (AE) from Iran were retrieved for review via a search in PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, IranMedex, scientific information database (SID), Magiran, and Irandoc (1995 - 2015) using the keywords Echinococcus multilocularis and Iran, Alveolar hydatid cyst and Iran, liver and Alveolar hydatid cyst and Iran, and Hepatic alveolar hydatid cyst and Iran...
October 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874156/prevalence-of-obesity-in-elementary-school-children-and-its-association-with-dental-caries
#17
Deema J Farsi, Heba M Elkhodary, Leena A Merdad, Najat M A Farsi, Sumer M Alaki, Najlaa M Alamoudi, Haneen A Bakhaidar, Mohammed A Alolayyan
To investigate the prevalence of obesity among elementary school children and to examine the association between obesity and caries activity in the mixed dentition stage. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between September 2014 and June 2015 using a multi-stage stratified sample of 915 elementary school children (482 boys, 433 girls) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric measurements, consisting of height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC), were obtained...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867662/death-anxiety-reliability-validity-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-form-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-iranian-old-aged-persons
#18
Mahboubeh Dadfar, David Lester, Fazel Bahrami
The present study is aimed at examining the level of death anxiety and the sex-related differences among old-aged Iranian individuals sample to compare the old-aged persons with young college students and to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) factors in old-aged sample. A sample of 146 volunteer Iranian individuals took part in the study. The mean ages were 68.58 (SD = 7.10), men 68.81 (SD = 7.44) and women 68.28 (SD = 6.76), respectively. The mean score of the ASDA was 51...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830200/photorefractive-keratectomy-for-patients-with-preoperative-low-schirmer-test-value
#19
Elham Tanbakouee, Mohammad Ghoreishi, Mohammad Aghazadeh-Amiri, Mehdi Tabatabaee, Mohadeseh Mohammadinia
PURPOSE: To compare dry eye signs and symptoms between patients with preoperative low and normal Schirmer test after Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: In this prospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series, 76 eyes of 76 patients were preoperatively categorized into two groups according to selected criteria for characterization of tear film status: the low Schirmer test value (STV) group and the normal STV group. For the tear function assessment, we performed a Schirmer test with and without anesthesia, tear break-up time (TBUT) test, and measurement dry eye symptoms using the Farsi translation of Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire pre- and 3 months post-operation...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805886/children-undergoing-chemotherapy-is-it-too-late-for-dental-rehabilitation
#20
Deema J Farsi
Children undergoing cancer therapy encounter a diverse spectrum of oral changes that generally are attributed to immunosuppression and bleeding tendencies caused by the therapeutic agents. Therefore, providing oral health instructions and dental rehabilitation before the initiation of cancer therapy is encouraged. In this article, we discuss the general dental management of pediatric patients with cancer actively undergoing cancer therapy, or for whom it is planned. We also describe the dental rehabilitation performed on a child while he was undergoing chemotherapy for neuroblastoma, using an unconventional approach that varied from the standard management protocol used by King Abdulaziz University Hospital...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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