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Sajjad Karim, Jaudah A Al-Maghrabi, Hasan M A Farsi, Ahmad J Al-Sayyad, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Zeenat Mirza, Alaa A Al-Boogmi, Fai T Ashgan, Manal M Shabaad, Hend F NourEldin, Khalid B M Al-Ghamdi, Adel Abuzenadah, Adeel G A Chaudhary, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a seventh ranked malignancy with poor prognosis. RCC is lethal at metastatic stage as it does not respond to conventional systemic treatments, and there is an urgent need to find out promising novel biomarkers for effective treatment. The goal of this study was to evaluate the biomarkers that can be potential therapeutic target and predict effective inhibitors to treat the metastatic stage of RCC. METHODS: We conducted transcriptomic profiling to identify differentially expressed genes associated with RCC...
September 30, 2016: BMC Cancer
Mohsen Pourghasem, Nematollah Kamali, Mehrdad Farsi, Nabiollah Soltanpour
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relation between the flat-footedness and obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1158 school children (653 male and 505 female) participated in this cross sectional descriptive study. According to their age, children were divided into three groups for each gender (6-10, 11-13, 14-18 years old). Diagnosis and severity of flatfoot was assessed in using the Dennis method. BMI of children were calculated as body weight divided by height squared (kg*m(-2))...
October 16, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Mahnaz Zarei, Zahra Farahnak, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Hoda Derakhshanian, Payam Farahbakhsh-Farsi, Mahmoud Djalali
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes activity in Type 2 diabetes patients with good or weak glycemic control. METHODS: In this case-control study, 62 Type 2 diabetic patients with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) between 6 and 8 were enrolled as the controlled group and 55 patients with HbA1c > 8 were selected as an uncontrolled group. Patients were all referred to Iranian Diabetes Association in Tehran, Iran, from 2010 onward...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Sahar Zarei, Amir-Hossein Memari, Pouria Moshayedi, Fatolla Mosayebi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Selina Khoo, Tony Morris
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of regular physical activity, it is crucial to evaluate the factors favoring participation in physical activity. We aimed to report the psychometric analysis of the Farsi version of the Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS). METHODS: The Farsi version of PALMS was completed by 406 healthy adult individuals to test its factor structure and concurrent validity and reliability. RESULTS: Conducting the exploratory factor analysis revealed nine factors that accounted for 64...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Masoud Bahrami
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the third main cause of death in Iran only after cardiovascular diseases and accidents. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this research study was to identify nurses' understanding of cancer patients' Quality of Life (QoL) in an Iranian context. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This descriptive correlational study was conducted in an educative referral oncology center affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran in 2013...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Samad Afshari Bahmanbiglu, Fariba Mojiri, Fateme Abnavi
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigates possible differences in sound characteristics associated with Farsi and Qashqai produced by Farsi-Qashqai bilinguals. STUDY DESIGN: This is a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty-two Farsi-Qashqai bilinguals (16 men and 16 women) participated in the study. Mean spectral energy (MSE) and spectral tilt (ST) obtained from long-term average speech spectra were extracted from continuous speech samples of Farsi-Qashqai bilingual speakers...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Babak Mahshidfar, Azadeh Sameti, Saeed Abbasi, Davood Farsi, Mani Mofidi, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Popak Rahimzadeh, Mahdi Rezai
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen on reducing the need for morphine sulfate in intubated patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Current study was done as a clinical trial on the patients supported by mechanical ventilator. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Behavioral pain scale (BPS) scoring system was used to measure pain in the patients. All of the patients received 1 g, IV acetaminophen, every 6 h during the 1(st) and 3(rd) days of admission and placebo during the 2(nd) and 4(th) days...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Soofia Naghdi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Yasaman Farhadi, Safoora Ebadi, Ebrahim Entezary, Douglas Glazer
The aim of the present study was to develop and provide validation statistics for the Persian Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport scale (I-PRRS) following a cross-sectional and prospective cohort study design. The I-PRRS was forward/back-translated and culturally adapted into Persian language. The Persian I-PRRS was administered to 100 injured athletes (93 male; age 26.0 ± 5.6 years; time since injury 4.84 ± 6.4 months) and 50 healthy athletes (36 male; mean age 25.7 ± 6.0 years). The Persian I-PRRS was re-administered to 50 injured athletes at 1 week to examine test-retest reliability...
October 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Eman A El Ashiry, Najat M Farsi, Sawsan T Abuzeid, Mohamed M El Ashiry, Hammam A Bahammam
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis presents challenges in endodontic and pediatric dentistry. Revascularization is a recent treatment for such cases as an alternative to conventional apexification. The purpose is to examine the effect of a pulpal revascularization procedure on immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients were enrolled for pulp revascularization procedure by root canal disinfection using a triple antibiotic mixture for 1-2 weeks, followed by creating a blood clot, sealing the root canal orifice using white mineral trioxide aggregate and a coronal seal of composite resin...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mostafa Mazloum Farsi Baf, Mozhgan Mazloum Farsi Baf, Fatemeh Noorollahi, Morteza Mazloum Farsi Baf
OBJECTIVE: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the most common treatable causes of mental retardation and neurodevelopmental impairment. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 114342 neonates born in 28 cities in Razavi Khorasan province, northeastern Iran from Aril 2013 to March 2014, were screened for congenital hypothyroidism by taking blood sample from heel prick. The newborns with TSH ≥5 mIU/L were recalled for further assessment of TSH concentration in serum sample...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Ali Ardalan, Maryam Kandi Keleh, Amin Saberinia, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Hamidreza Khankeh, Jafar Miadfar, Samaneh Maleknia, Atieh Mobini, Sara Mehranamin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Iran's health system has developed a Farsi edition of the Hospital Safety Index (HSI) and has integrated the related assessment program into the health information system. This article presents the results of the 2015 estimation of hospital safety from disasters in I.R.Iran using HSI. METHODS: We analyzed data from 421 hospitals that had submitted a complete HSI assessment form on the Ministry of Health and Medical Education Portal System...
2016: PloS One
S M Saiful Islam, Amir Fattah Abru, Saeed Al Obaidani, Saud Al Shabibi, Sami Al Farsi
OBJECTIVES: To study and to establish the overall trends of computed tomography (CT) use and associated outcomes in the pediatric emergency department (PED) at Royal Hospital, Oman, from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: The hospital electronic medical record was retrospectively searched to find children (from birth to 12 years old) who had visited the PED and the number of CT requests between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2014. The types of CT examinations ordered were analyzed according to anatomical location and were as follows; head, abdomen/pelvis, chest, cervical spine/neck, and others...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Marwan M Al-Sharbati, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Zena M Al-Sharbati, Fatima Al-Sulaimani, Allal Ouhtit, Samir Al-Adawi
OBJECTIVES: Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of mental and behavioral disorders in preschoolers is critical for a better prognosis, ultimately leading to improved quality of life for both the child and the family. Our study investigated the clinical profile of mental and behavioral disorders in children < 7 years of age, seeking consultation at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between 1 June 2006 and 31 December 2010. The objective was to explore demographic variables, intervention types, and annual trends...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Hengameh Barzegar, Mahmoud Moosazadeh, Hedayat Jafari, Ravanbakhsh Esmaeili
PURPOSE: Hemodialysis is the common kidney replacement therapy in Iran. Doing an adequate and effective dialysis can improve patients' quality of life and reduce kidney failure complications. Additionally, dialysis quality is an important factor in reducing mortality in patients with chronic kidney failure. This systematic review has investigated the adequacy of dialysis in studies done on hemodialysis patients of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All articles related to the dialysis adequacy in hemodialysis patients in English and Farsi (contemporary Persian) were identified by searching the related keywords in various electronic databases...
2016: Urology Journal
Zahra Moudi, Mahmoud Tavousi
BACKGROUND: With the integration of the evaluation of patient satisfaction in the overall assessment of healthcare services, authorities can be assured about the alignment of these services with patient needs and the suitability of care provided at the local level. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in 2013 in Zahedan, Iran, in order to assess the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the mackey childbirth satisfaction rating scale (MCSRS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: For this study, a methodological design was used...
June 2016: Nursing and Midwifery Studies
Andreas Højlund Nielsen, Nynne Thorup Horn, Stine Derdau Sørensen, William B McGregor, Mikkel Wallentin
Models of speech learning suggest that adaptations to foreign language sound categories take place within 6 to 12 months of exposure to a foreign language. Results from laboratory language training show effects of very targeted training on nonnative speech contrasts within only 1 to 4 weeks of training. Results from immersion studies are inconclusive, but some suggest continued effects on nonnative speech perception after 6 to 8 years of experience. We investigated this apparent discrepancy in the timing of adaptation to foreign speech sounds in a longitudinal study of foreign language learning...
December 2015: I-Perception
Omar A Al-Farsi, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Marwan M Al-Sharbati, Samir Al-Adawi
Previous studies carried out in Euro-American populations have unequivocally indicated that psychological disorders of the CASD (caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder) are marked with high levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. This finding has been attributed to the reaction of having to care for a child with neurodevelopmental disorders. While there have been reports on autism spectrum disorder in Arab/Islamic countries such as Oman, there is no study from this region, to our knowledge, reporting the performance of indices of stress, anxiety, and depression among CASD...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Maryam Shabany-Hamedan
BACKGROUND: Increasing hospital costs and its social and cultural problems has led to the idea of providing healthcare services at home. Because of infrastructural and implementation problems, providing healthcare at home in Iran has not been initiated yet. Therefore, this study set out to elaborate the need for a comprehensive system in order to provide this service in Iran. METHODS: All articles published in indexing sites with the defined keywords in English or Farsi were gathered...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
A Farsi, Zeinab H Bahmanbegloo, B Abdoli, S Ghorbani
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of observing point-light and video models and physical practice on learning a crouch start. METHOD: Thirty-two female students were randomly assigned into point-light, video, physical practice, and control groups. They performed 10 trials in pretest, 160 trials in acquisition phase, and 10 trials in 24-hour retention test. Kinematic features and reaction time were measured as dependent variables. RESULTS: Results showed that physical practice group performed better than other groups in reaction time and range of motion of trunk and observational groups performed better than control groups in reaction time and range of motion of knee...
October 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Ali Dehqan, Fariba Yadegari, Michael Blomgren, Ronald C Scherer
PURPOSE: Second formant (F2) transitions can be used to infer attributes of articulatory transitions. This study compared formant transitions during fluent speech segments of Farsi (Persian) speaking people who stutter and normally fluent Farsi speakers. METHODS: Ten Iranian males who stutter and 10 normally fluent Iranian males participated. Sixteen different "CVt" tokens were embedded within the phrase "Begu CVt an". Measures included overall F2 transition frequency extents, durations, and derived overall slopes, initial F2 transition slopes at 30ms and 60ms, and speaking rate...
June 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
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