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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917063/accuracy-of-preoperative-fine-needle-aspiration-in-diagnosis-of-malignant-parotid-tumors
#1
Hani Z Marzouki, Mohammed A Altabsh, Mohammed O Albakrei, Talal A Al-Khatib, Mazin A Merdad, Nada J Farsi
To determine the diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration (FNA) for detecting malignant parotid tumors. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with benign or malignant parotid gland tumors in King Abdulaziz University Hospital,  Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between January 2004 and May 2015. The records of 65 subjects were obtained. Histopathological findings and data from FNA examinations were obtained from medical records. Twenty-three subjects were excluded due to missing FNA, histopathology results or both...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900457/comprehensibility-of-selected-united-states-pharmacopeia-pictograms-by-illiterate-and-literate-farsi-speakers-the-first-experience-in-iran-part-ii
#2
Amir H Zargarzadeh, Sahar Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Conveying information to patients on how to use medications at the dispensing sessions and retention of this information by the patients is essential to the good pharmaceutical care. The aim of our study was to examine the comprehensibility of the selected three potentially usable pictograms by five groups of subjects who had different levels of literacy in both before and after mini educational sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine experienced pharmacists selected three potentially usable pictograms in Isfahan pharmacies: Pictograms D through F representing respectively: "do not take medication during pregnancy," "keep medication in the refrigerator," and "take medication with plenty of water...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889149/patterns-knowledge-and-barriers-of-mammography-use-among-women-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Rolina K Al-Wassia, Nada J Farsi, Leena A Merdad, Sara K Hagi
To assess mammography utilization and knowledge, and to determine barriers associated with mammography utilization among Saudi women. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 5 main geographic regions of Saudi Arabia from February 2015 to May 2015. The sample comprised women aged ≥40 years. Associations between socio-demographic factors and mammography use were tested using chi-square test. Predictors of mammography use were assessed by logistic regression. Results: A total of 3,245 women were surveyed, with 40% reporting ever having a mammogram...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872648/micrornas-regulate-the-main-events-in-rice-drought-stress-response-by-manipulating-the-water-supply-to-shoots
#4
Ehsan Mohseni Fard, Behnam Bakhshi, Mohammad Farsi, Amin Mirshamsi Kakhki, Nava Nikpay, Mohammad Ali Ebrahimi, Mohsen Mardi, Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous regulatory RNAs that are involved in a variety of biological processes related to proliferation, development, and response to biotic and abiotic stresses. miRNA profiles of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. IR64.) leaves in a partial root zone drying (PRD) system were analysed using a high-throughput sequencing approach to identify miRNAs associated with drought signalling. The treatments performed in this study were as follows: well-watered ("wet" roots, WW), wherein both halves of the pot were watered daily; drought ("dry" roots, DD), wherein water was withheld from both halves of the pot; and well-watered/drought ("wet" and "dry" roots, WD), wherein one half of each pot was watered daily, the same as in WW, and water was withheld from the other part, the same as in DD...
September 5, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852652/postpartum-depression-risk-factors-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Maryam Ghaedrahmati, Ashraf Kazemi, Gholamreza Kheirabadi, Amrollah Ebrahimi, Masood Bahrami
Postpartum depression is a debilitating mental disorder with a high prevalence. The aim of this study was review of the related studies. In this narrative review, we report studies that investigated risk factors of postpartum depression by searching the database, Scopus, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Uptodate, Proquest in the period 2000-2015 published articles about the factors associated with postpartum depression were assessed in Farsi and English. The search strategy included a combination of keywords include postpartum depression and risk factors or obstetrical history, social factors, or biological factors...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821365/can-low-dose-of-ketamine-reduce-the-need-for-morphine-in-renal-colic-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Saeed Abbasi, Nader Bidi, Babak Mahshidfar, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Mahdi Rezai, Mani Mofidi, Davood Farsi
BACKGROUND: The combination of morphine with low doses of ketamine (MK) has been utilized in the Emergency Department (ED) compared with morphine and placebo (MP) for the treatment of acute pain in few studies. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of MP with MK for the treatment of severe pain with renal colic of patients who had been referred to the ED. METHODS: This study is a double blind randomized clinical trial on patients with severe renal colic pain who were referred to the ED...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812217/what-shall-we-talk-about-in-farsi-content-of-everyday-conversations-in-iran
#7
Mahdi Dahmardeh, R I M Dunbar
Previous empirical studies have suggested that language is primarily used to exchange social information, but our evidence on this derives mainly from English speakers. We present data from a study of natural conversations among Farsi (Persian) speakers in Iran and show that not only are conversation groups the same size as those observed in Europe and North America, but people also talk predominantly about social topics. We argue that these results reinforce the suggestion that language most likely evolved for the transmission of information about the social world...
August 15, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801936/normative-data-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-farsi-translation-of-the-strange-stories-test
#8
Zahra Shahrivar, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Anahita Khorrami Banaraki, Azar Mohammadzadeh, Francesca Happe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Strange Stories test is one of the most commonly used tests to evaluate advanced "theory of mind," i.e. attribution of mental states. Normative data and psychometric properties of a new Farsi translation of this test were evaluated in a large community-based sample of Iranian school-aged children. METHODS: Through randomized cluster sampling, 398 children aged 9-11 years studying at 20 elementary schools were recruited from 4 central regions of Tehran, Iran...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791064/validation-of-farsi-translation-of-the-ocular-surface-disease-index
#9
Farzad Pakdel, Mahmood Reza Gohari, Anis Sadat Jazayeri, Afsaneh Amani, Niloofar Pirmarzdashti, Hossein Aghaee
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a Farsi version of Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) for the Iranian population. METHODS: This study was a translation and cross-cultural adaptation and validation of Farsi version of OSDI. Four bilingual (English-Persian) individual including three physicians and one native English teacher were asked to translate the original English OSDI questionnaire in Farsi. Following back and forth translation, integration and pilot check, the translation team came to consensus on translation...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764700/correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sitting-time-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-attending-primary-health-care-in-oman
#10
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya Al-Farsi, Elaine Bannerman, Angela M Craigie, Annie S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of the benefits of physical activity in the management of type 2 diabetes, it is poorly addressed in diabetes care. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of meeting ≥600MET-min/wk. (150 min/wk) of physical activity and sitting time in adults with type 2 diabetes in Oman. Approaches to encourage physical activity in diabetes care were explored. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire was conducted in 17 randomly selected primary health centres in Muscat...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757692/orbital-implant-exposure-following-enucleation-or-evisceration
#11
Huda Abdullah Al-Farsi, Buthaina Issa Sabt, Abdullah Said Al-Mujaini
PURPOSE: To study the exposure rate of orbital implant postenucleation or evisceration procedures in two tertiary hospitals in Oman. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive, cross-section study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients' records were reviewed for patients' demographics, surgical indications, implant types, follow-up and any reported complications after surgeries. Patients with a minimum of 1 year follow-up period were selected. All patients who underwent enucleation or evisceration with primary orbital implant were included in the study...
May 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737331/-dispensing-of-oral-anticancer-drugs-by-retail-pharmacies-professional-requirements-and-recommendations
#12
Thibaud Marmorat, Hélène Labrosse Canat, Marie Préau, Fadila Farsi
Objectives: As a result of organizational and therapeutic progress in the management of cancer, retail pharmacies are faced with numerous challenges in the follow-up of cancer patients. This study was designed to provide a better understanding of the way in which retail pharmacists define their role in the management of cancer patients and to identify actions that would promote more efficient coordination with other oncology professionals.Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with retail pharmacists and data were analysed by thematic analysis...
March 6, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704175/age-related-differences-in-antihypertensive-medication-adherence-in-hispanics-a-cross-sectional-community-based-survey-in-new-york-city-2011-2012
#13
Priti Bandi, Emily Goldmann, Nina S Parikh, Parisa Farsi, Bernadette Boden-Albala
INTRODUCTION: US Hispanics, particularly younger adults in this population, have a higher prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension than do people of other racial/ethnic groups. Little is known about the prevalence and predictors of antihypertensive medication adherence, a major determinant of hypertension control and cardiovascular disease, and differences between age groups in this fast-growing population. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 1,043 community-dwelling Hispanic adults with hypertension living in 3 northern Manhattan neighborhoods from 2011 through 2012...
July 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698887/the-psychometric-parameters-of-the-farsi-form-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety
#14
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek, David Lester, Mohammad Kazem Atef Vahid
The aim of this study was to describe the psychometric properties of the Farsi Form of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA). The original scale was first translated into Farsi by language experts using the back translation procedure and then administered to a total of 252 Iranian college students and 52 psychiatric outpatients from psychiatric and psychological clinics. The one-week test-retest reliability of the Farsi version in a sample of college students was 0.78, indicating good temporal stability and corroborating the trait-like nature of scores...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690890/development-and-validation-of-a-culturally-tailored-breast-cancer-health-education-programme-for-arab-women
#15
Esra Alkhasawneh, Yahya Al-Farsi, Fayez Al-Simadi, Michael Leocadio
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate a health education programme to encourage breast cancer awareness and early detection behaviours among Arab women. METHODS: This study took place between December 2015 and March 2016. The Enabling Systems Raising Awareness model was used to develop a breast cancer health education programme which was subsequently implemented by trained health educators at three female-only fitness clubs in Muscat, Oman. Breast cancer knowledge among 53 women was assessed using the breast module of the Cancer Awareness Measure before and after each health education session...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619303/effect-of-light-pressure-stroking-massage-with-sesame-sesamum-indicum-l-oil-on-alleviating-acute-traumatic-limbs-pain-a-triple-blind-controlled-trial-in-emergency-department
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Morteza Nasiri, Zahra Farsi
OBJECTIVES: Due to adverse effects of common medications used for traumatic pain management, it is crucial to use complementary methods to alleviate this pain. Present study aimed to assess the effect of light pressure stroking massage with topical sesame oil on pain severity of patients with limbs trauma. METHODS: This triple-blinded randomized trial was conducted on 40 patients with upper or lower extremities trauma in emergency department of Busheher Amir Al-Momenian Hospital, Busheher, Iran, in 2015-2016...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593003/focused-cardiac-ultrasound-focus-by-emergency-medicine-residents-in-patients-with-suspected-cardiovascular-diseases
#17
Davood Farsi, Skokoufeh Hajsadeghi, Mohammad Javad Hajighanbari, Mani Mofidi, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Mahdi Rezai, Babak Mahshidfar, Samaneh Abiri, Saeed Abbasi
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have assessed the value and accuracy of focused cardiac ultrasound (FOCUS) performed by emergency physicians. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FOCUS performed by emergency medicine residents compared to echocardiography performed by a cardiologist in emergency department (ED) patients suspected of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The research involved a prospective observational cross-sectional study enrolling patients over 18-years old suspected of having cardiovascular disease who required an echocardiograph...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569149/psychometric-properties-of-the-mammography-self-efficacy-and-fear-of-breast-cancer-scales-in-iranian-women
#18
Mahdi Moshki, Shole Shahgheibi, Parvaneh Taymoori, Amjad Moradi, Deam Roshani, Cheryl L Holt
BACKGROUND: Research investigating mammography screening has often reported low mammography self-efficacy and breast cancer fear contribute to underutilization of mammography. This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of Champion's Mammography Self-efficacy Scale (CMSS) and Champion's Breast Cancer Fear Scale (CBCFS) in a sample of Iranian women. METHODS: The adapted instruments were administered to a community sample of 482 women aged 40 years or older...
May 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514525/responsiveness-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-ecohis-to-dental-rehabilitation-under-general-anaesthesia
#19
Deema J Farsi, Nada J Farsi, Azza A El-Housseiny, Wesam H Damanhouri, Najat M Farsi
BACKGROUND: The Arabic version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (A-ECOHIS) has been validated, but its ability to detect change was not tested. AIM: To evaluate the responsiveness of the A-ECOHIS to dental rehabilitation under general anaesthesia (DRGA). DESIGN: A consecutive sample of 131 parents of children aged 6 years or younger, scheduled for DRGA were recruited from three public hospitals. The parents completed the A-ECOHIS before and 4 weeks following DRGA...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507998/effects-of-pre-injury-anti-platelet-agents-on-short-term-outcome-of-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cohort-study
#20
Davood Farsi, Parviz Karimi, Mani Mofidi, Babak Mahshidfar, Mahdi Rezai, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Saeed Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of pre-injury consumption of anti-platelet agents on the 30-day outcomes of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted at three general hospitals in Tehran, Iran between July 2013 and July 2014. The study population included all patients with mild TBI aged over 18 years that medicated with aspirin or clopidogrel before occurring trauma. Within hospitalization, all patients were assessed with respect to in-hospital conditions especially complications and adverse events...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
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