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Shokouhsadat Hamedi, Masoud Honarvar
BACKGROUND: Beta vulgaris (family: Chenopodiacea) is now much used in the food industry as a rich source of sugar but it is much less considered in medicine. Beet has been used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years to treat a variety of diseases such as constipation, decreased libido, gut and joint pain and dandruff. METHODS: This study introduced the benefits of Beta vulgaris by reviewing of Iranian traditional documents from 10th century until now and also compared modern phytotherapy of plant beet from the electronic data banks such as ISI, Pub Med and Scopus with findings that extracted from traditional literature...
March 8, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Mohammad A Alshoraim, Azza A El-Housseiny, Najat M Farsi, Osama M Felemban, Najlaa M Alamoudi, Amani A Alandejani
BACKGROUND: Dental fear (DF) is a challenging problem in dentistry. It is multifactorial in origin and many contributing factors have been identified. The aim of the study was to assess dental fear among 12-15 years old Arabic speaking children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and its relation to demographic variables, previous dental experience, and child behaviour. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 1522 boys and girls from middle schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia participated in this study during the period of 2014 to 2016...
March 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Khalid Al-Rubeaan, Nahla Bawazeer, Yousuf Al Farsi, Amira M Youssef, Abdulrahman A Al-Yahya, Hamid AlQumaidi, Basim M Al-Malki, Khalid A Naji, Khalid Al-Shehri, Fahd I Al Rumaih
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Savannah Minihan, Belinda J Liddell, Yulisha Byrow, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Although elevated rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been well-documented in refugees, no study has investigated the heterogeneity of DSM-5 PTSD symptomatology in such populations. This study aimed to determine whether there are unique patterns of DSM-5 defined PTSD symptomatology in refugees, and investigate whether factors characteristic of the refugee experience, including trauma exposure and post-migration stress, predict symptom profiles. METHODS: Participants were 246 refugees and asylum-seekers from an Arabic-, English-, Farsi-, or Tamil-speaking background who had been resettled in Australia...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Hind I Fallatah, Yoon Soo Park, Jamila Farsi, Ara Tekian
Theory: Academic mentoring is an effective method of enhancing undergraduate medical student academic performance, research productivity, career planning, and overall satisfaction. Hypotheses: This study investigates the relationship between mentor characteristics and mentee academic performance, with an emphasis on identifying students who need special support. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among fourth-year medical students at King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Medicine undertaking the clinical skills module (CSM) rotation...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
Chaitali Joshi, Alessandro Farsi, Stéphane Clemmen, Sven Ramelow, Alexander L Gaeta
Parametric single-photon sources are well suited for large-scale quantum networks due to their potential for photonic integration. Active multiplexing of photons can overcome the intrinsically probabilistic nature of these sources, resulting in near-deterministic operation. However, previous implementations using spatial and temporal multiplexing scale unfavorably due to rapidly increasing switching losses. Here, we break this limitation via frequency multiplexing in which switching losses remain fixed irrespective of the number of multiplexed modes...
February 27, 2018: Nature Communications
Sara H Farsi
Intrathecal narcotics have proven to be invaluable in providing pain relief following a cesarean section. They also aid in earlier mobilization. Unfortunately, they come at the risk of delayed apnea requiring close monitoring for a prolonged period of time. Physicians may sometimes underestimate the risk of these delayed complications. This especially a big concern in hospitals that cannot provide the necessary postoperative monitoring required for these women. I present a case where it took more than 6 h after injection of narcotics before the complication occurred...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Mohammad Haghighi, Mehrdokht Mazdeh, Nazila Ranjbar, Mohammad Ali Seifrabie
BACKGROUND: After a stroke, up to 20% of patients suffer from aphasia. The preferred treatment for stroke-related aphasia (SRA) is regular speech and language training (SLT). In the present study, we investigated to what extent adjuvant repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) might enhance recovery. While there is growing evidence of the positive effect of adjuvant rTMS on aphasia, no study has yet been based on an Iranian sample. METHOD: A total of 12 patients (mean age: 55 years; right-handed; 7 women) underwent treatment for SRA 1 month after stroke...
January 16, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Samiya Al-Balushi, Yahya Al-Farsi, Zakiya Al-Busaidi, Elaine Bannerman, Angela M Craigie, Annie S Anderson
Background: As part of formative work to inform an interventional design to increase physical activity (PA) in patients with type 2 diabetes in Oman, this qualitative study aimed to determine health professionals' perception of barriers and opportunities, personnel responsibilities and plausible PA promotional approaches. Methods: Four focus group discussions were carried out with groups of health care professionals (family physicians, dieticians and health educators, managers and general practitioners)...
December 2017: Heliyon
Fatemeh Najafi, Molouk Jaafarpour, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Javaher Khajavikhan
Background: In this study, the effects of SP6 and LI4 acupressure on the pain severity and length of labor are examined. Materials and Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis study was performed on articles published in 2004-2015. The articles, published in the English and Farsi languages, related to the effects of acupressure on the SP6 and LI4 points on the length and pain severity of labor. Data were collected by searching medical databases, including PubMed, ISI, MagIran, Google Scholar, Iran Medex, SID, Irandoc, and EMBASE, for relevant material...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Rahmatollah Moradzadeh, Nasrin Moghimi, Haidar Nadrian, Farzaneh Behrouzi, Tara Keshavarz, Parvaneh Golmohammadi
The purpose of this study was to develop a Persian version of ECOS-16 Questionnaire and assess its reliability and validity. Two hundred and twenty women with postmenopausal osteoporosis were included in the study. Patients who were diagnosed as secondary osteoporosis by clinical and laboratory examinations were excluded. For reliability, an internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient) of ECOS-16 total score was calculated. The age of the study participants ranged from 50 to 75 years old (59.9 ± 7)...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Justina F Avila, Steven P Verney, Kaitlyn Kauzor, Amina Flowers, Maryam Mehradfar, Jill Razani
As the Farsi-speaking Iranian population continues to grow in the United States, examination of their cognitive performance is an imperative first step to providing this group with culturally competent services. Thirty-six healthy primarily Farsi-speaking Iranian adults completed Farsi-translated and adapted versions of three frequently used measures of executive/subcortical functioning: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test (TMT), and Color Trails Test (CTT). Participants' performance on each measure was compared to published normative data resulting in 0-85% of cognitively and medically healthy individuals being classified as impaired depending on the executive/subcortical test score examined, with the highest impairment rates for specific WCST outcome scores...
January 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Nasibeh Sharifi, Somayyeh Khazaeian, Reza Pakzad, Azita Fathnezhad Kazemi, Hashemmieh Chehreh
Introduction: Despite medical advances, preterm delivery remains a global problem in developed and developing countries. The present study was aimed at conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on the prevalence of preterm delivery in Iran. Methods: This study was carried out on studies conducted in Iran by searching databases of SID, Magiran, Irandoc, MEDLIB, Iranmedex, PubMed, Web of science, Google Scholar and Scopus. The search was conducted using advanced search and keywords of preterm delivery and equivalents of it in Mesh and their Farsi's Synonymous in all articles from 2000-2016...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
Marius Huguet, Lionel Perrier, Olivia Bally, David Benayoun, Pierre De Saint Hilaire, Dominique Beal Ardisson, Magali Morelle, Nathalie Havet, Xavier Joutard, Pierre Meeus, Philippe Gabelle, Jocelyne Provençal, Céline Chauleur, Olivier Glehen, Amandine Charreton, Fadila Farsi, Isabelle Ray-Coquard
BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between hospital volume activities and the survival for Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma (EOC) patients in France. METHODS: This retrospective study using prospectively implemented databases was conducted on an exhaustive cohort of 267 patients undergoing first-line therapy during 2012 in the Rhone-Alpes Region of France. We compared Progression-Free Survival for Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma patients receiving first-line therapy in high- (i...
January 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Azita Chehri, Habibolah Khazaie, Soudabeh Eskandari, Sepideh Khazaie, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand, Markus Gerber
BACKGROUND: Restoring sleep is associated with a broad variety of favorable cognitive, emotional, social and behavioral benefits during the day. This holds particularly true for adolescents, as maturational, social, cognitive, emotional and behavioral changes might unfavorably impact on adolescents' sleep. Among adolescents, poor sleep hygiene practices are a potentially modifiable risk factor that can be addressed via appropriate interventions. Accordingly, having reliable and valid self-report measures to assess sleep hygiene practices is essential to gauge individual responses to behavioral interventions and evaluate sleep hygiene recommendations...
December 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
Maha Ah Sulaiman, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Maha M Al-Khaduri, Mostafa I Waly, Jumana Saleh, Samir Al-Adawi
Purpose: Previous studies in Euro-American populations have shown that women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have increased levels of "psychological burden". While PCOS has been reported in Arab countries such as Oman, there is a dearth of studies of the occurrence of psychological burden among PCOS women in the Arab region. This study aimed to compare sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of PCOS women diagnosed with non-PCOS women and prevalence of severity of depression, anxiety and stress and to explore the association between PCOS and indices of psychological disturbances after adjusting for potential confounding factors...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
D Villalta, L Cecchi, A Farsi, F Chiarini, P Minale, S Voltolini, E Scala, O Quercia, L Muratore, V Pravettoni, A M Calamari, G Cortellini, R Asero
Background. The term of α-Gal syndrome, which includes the delayed allergy to red meat and the allergic reactions following the administration of cetuximab, is associated to the presence of specific IgE to α-Gal. In Italy, only anecdotal cases were reported so far. The Association of Italian Allergists (AAITO) carried out a survey with the aim of evaluating presence, characteristics, clinical features, and distribution of the syndrome in Italy. Methods. A web structured questionnaire was made available on the website of AAIITO from July 2016 to January 2017...
November 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Mojtaba Kermani, Ashika Verghese, Trichur R Vidyasagar
A major controversy regarding dyslexia is whether any of the many visual and phonological deficits found to be correlated with reading difficulty cause the impairment or result from the reduced amount of reading done by dyslexics. We studied this question by comparing a visual capacity in the left and right visual hemifields in people habitually reading scripts written right-to-left or left-to-right. Selective visual attention is necessary for efficient visual search and also for the sequential recognition of letters in words...
February 2018: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
Babak Mahshidfar, Hamed Basir Ghafouri, Mohammad Reza Yasinzadeh, Mani Mofidi, Mahdi Rezai, Davood Farsi, Saeed Abbasi, Peyman Hafezimoghadam
Introduction: Scorpion sting is an important public health problem in some countries, including Iran. This study aimed to describe the demographics of a large number of these victims in some endemic areas of Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated baseline characteristics, clinical findings, management, and disposition of scorpion stung cases in 26 cities of 4 provinces in the southwest quarter of Iran, during one year. Results: 3008 cases of scorpion sting with mean age of 27...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Zahra Taheri-Kharameh, Majideh Heravi-Karimooi, Nahid Rejeh, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Sherrill Snelgrove, Ali Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Angina pectoris causes substantial psychological and functional disabilities and adversely effects quality of life in patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties including validity and reliability of the Farsi version of the Seattle angina questionnaire. METHODS: The 'forward-backward' procedure was applied to translate this questionnaire from English to Farsi. The translated version of the Seattle angina questionnaire was assessed in terms of validity and reliability with a convenience sample of 200 patients suffering from angina pectoris who were recruited from the inpatient ward (post CCU) and outpatient department at two teaching hospitals in an urban area of Iran...
December 2, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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