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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765906/epstein-barr-virus-and-human-papillomaviruses-interactions-and-their-roles-in-the-initiation-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-cancer-progression
#1
REVIEW
Farhan S Cyprian, Halema F Al-Farsi, Semir Vranic, Saghir Akhtar, Ala-Eddin Al Moustafa
Oncoviruses are implicated in around 20% of all human cancers including both solid and non-solid malignancies. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the most common oncoviruses worldwide. Currently, it is well established that onco-proteins of EBV (LMP1, LMP2A, and EBNA1) and high-risk HPVs (E5 and E6/E7) play an important role in the initiation and/or progression of several human carcinomas, including cervical, oral, and breast. More significantly, it has been recently pointed out that viral onco-proteins of EBV and high-risk HPVs can be co-present and consequently cooperate to initiate and/or amplify epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is the hallmark of cancer progression and metastasis...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751904/quality-evaluation-of-omani-honey
#2
Mohamed Al-Farsi, Sharifa Al-Belushi, Abeer Al-Amri, Ahlam Al-Hadhrami, Mahfoodha Al-Rusheidi, Amani Al-Alawi
This study was intended to evaluate the quality parameters of 58 Apis mellifera honey samples, from different regions in the Sultanate of Oman. Physicochemical analyses were carried out and examined according to the Gulf Standardization Organization (GSO). The results revealed that 64.4% of the samples were failing to meet the GSO standards due to acidity, hydroxyl methyl furfural (HMF), diastase, sucrose, and glucose & fructose. Acidity and HMF were above the limits in 30% and 29% of the failed samples respectively, where diastase and total glucose & fructose were below the limits in 25% and 5% respectively...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728538/impact-of-dental-rehabilitation-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-healthy-children-and-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#3
Deema J Farsi, Nada J Farsi, Azza A El-Housseiny, Jihan M Turkistani, Najat M Farsi
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of dental rehabilitation on oral health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) in children with special health care needs (CSHCN) and healthy children. Materials and methods: The prospective study's sample consisted of 213 parents of caries-affected children, who were aged 6 years or younger and were scheduled for dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (DRGA). The parent-child dyads were recruited from three public hospitals in Jeddah between October 2014 and May 2016...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723828/structural-neural-predictors-of-farsi-english-bilingualism
#4
Visar Berisha, Davis Gilton, Leslie C Baxter, Steven R Corman, Chris Blais, Gene Brewer, Scott Ruston, B Hunter Ball, Kimberly M Wingert, Beate Peter, Corianne Rogalsky
The neurobiology of bilingualism is hotly debated. The present study examines whether normalized cortical measurements can be used to reliably classify monolinguals versus bilinguals in a structural MRI dataset of Farsi-English bilinguals and English monolinguals. A decision tree classifier classified bilinguals with an average correct classification rate of 85%, and monolinguals with a rate of 71.4%. The most relevant regions for classification were the right supramarginal gyrus, left inferior temporal gyrus and left inferior frontal gyrus...
April 30, 2018: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714765/all-optically-tunable-buffer-for-single-photons
#5
Stéphane Clemmen, Alessandro Farsi, Sven Ramelow, Alexander L Gaeta
We demonstrate a photon buffer for quantum communication systems via a quantum frequency conversion-dispersion technique based on Bragg scattering four-wave mixing. The all-fiber setup is capable of imparting all-optical and continuously tunable delays onto single photons with minimal photon noise and absorption. Tunable delays up to 23 times the photon duration are demonstrated with on/off efficiencies as high as 55%.
May 1, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700169/stability-of-fetal-hemoglobin-levels-in-patients-receiving-metformin-therapy
#6
Mohamed-Rachid Boulassel, Abdal-Aziz Issa El-Hussain, Moataz Mohamed Hassan, Mohamed-Lamine Toumi, Sameha Merzoug, Zahra Al-Qarni, Hammad Khan, Zied Gaifer, Khalil Al-Farsi, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Mohamed Al Huneini, Salam Al-Kindi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696126/acute-pain-management-in-emergency-department-low-dose-ketamine-versus-morphine-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Babak Mahshidfar, Mani Mofidi, Maryam Fattahi, Davood Farsi, Peyman Hafezi Moghadam, Saeed Abbasi, Mahdi Rezai
Background: Ketamine, as an opium alternative, has been proposed for pain relief in the emergency department (ED). Objectives: This study was carried out to compare low dose ketamine (LDK) with morphine for pain relief in trauma patients. Methods: In this randomized double-blinded clinical trial, 300 trauma patients from the ED of 2 teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran were enrolled and randomly divided into 2 equal groups. The 1st group received 0...
December 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693961/psychometric-properties-of-the-farsi-version-of-%C3%A2-spiritual-needs-questionnaire%C3%A2-for-cancer-patients-in-iran-a-methodological-study
#8
Khadijeh Hatamipour, Maryam Rassouli, Farideh Yaghmaie, Kazem Zendedel
Background and objectives: Spiritual needs are very important requirements to cancer patients. A valid and reliable instrument is needed for evaluation. This study was conducted to psychometrically evaluate a Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) for cancer patients in Iran. Methods: In this study, the methodology and psychometric properties of the Farsi version of the SpNQ (Büssing et al., (2010)) were evaluated, based on the model proposed by Wilde et al., (2005). The study population included cancer patients referred to the largest referral center in Iran...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680006/treatment-of-refractory-category-iii-nonbacterial-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-with-intraprostatic-injection-of-onabotulinumtoxina-a-prospective-controlled-study
#9
Taha A Abdel-Meguid, Hisham A Mosli, Hasan Farsi, Ahmad Alsayyad, Abdulmalik Tayib, Moataz Sait, Ahmad Abdelsalam
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intraprostatic injections of onabotulinumtoxinA (onaBoNT-A) to treat refractory chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective two-group controlled study. Treatment group included adult men with refractory category-III nonbacterial CP/CPPS who underwent transurethral intraprostatic injections of onaBoNT-A (200 U). Control group included comparable patients who underwent cystoscopy only...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652249/clathrin-coat-controls-synaptic-vesicle-acidification-by-blocking-vacuolar-atpase-activity
#10
Zohreh Farsi, Sindhuja Gowrisankaran, Matija Krunic, Burkhard Rammner, Andrew Woehler, Eileen M Lafer, Carsten Mim, Reinhard Jahn, Ira Milosevic
Newly-formed synaptic vesicles (SVs) are rapidly acidified by vacuolar adenosine triphosphatases (vATPases), generating a proton electrochemical gradient that drives neurotransmitter loading. Clathrin-mediated endocytosis is needed for the formation of new SVs, yet it is unclear when endocytosed vesicles acidify and refill at the synapse. Here, we isolated clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) from mouse brain to measure their acidification directly at the single vesicle level. We observed that the ATP-induced acidification of CCVs was strikingly reduced in comparison to SVs...
April 13, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643263/health-state-utilities-for-patient-s-current-health-from-bipolar-type-i-disorder
#11
Masoumeh Banihashemian, Arash Rashidian, Faeze Gholamian, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Najmeh Moradi, Homayoun Amini
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Type I Disorder (BID) is a disabling mental disorder among young adults that places enormous psychological, social, and economic burdens on patients, their families, and health care systems and decreases quality of life (QOL). Few studies have investigated the quality-adjusted life-years (QALY), health state preferences, and utilities in patients with BID. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to elicit health state utilities for current health among a sample of individuals with BID irrespective of their clinical conditions at the time of evaluation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621244/the-cost-saving-effect-of-centralized-histological-reviews-with-soft-tissue-and-visceral-sarcomas-gist-and-desmoid-tumors-the-experiences-of-the-pathologists-of-the-french-sarcoma-group
#12
Lionel Perrier, Pauline Rascle, Magali Morelle, Maud Toulmonde, Dominique Ranchere Vince, Axel Le Cesne, Philippe Terrier, Agnès Neuville, Pierre Meeus, Fadila Farsi, Françoise Ducimetière, Jean-Yves Blay, Isabelle Ray Coquard, Jean-Michel Coindre
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the types of discordance occurring in the diagnosis of soft tissue and visceral sarcomas, gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), and desmoid tumors, as well as the economic impact of diagnostic discrepancies. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective, multicenter analysis using prospectively implemented databases performed on a cohort of patients within the French RRePS network in 2010. Diagnoses were deemed to be discordant based on the 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) classification...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619604/prevalence-and-genetic-diversity-of-norovirus-genogroup-ii-in-children-less-than-5-years-of-age-with-acute-gastroenteritis-in-tehran-iran
#13
Mahsa Farsi, Fatemeh Roodbari, Behrooz Nejati, Arash Arashkia, Somayeh Jalilvand, Alireza Nateghian, Aliakbar Rahbarimanesh, Sayed Mahdi Marashi, Zabihollah Shoja
Viral gastroenteritis is a major public health problem worldwide. In Iran, very limited studies have been performed with regard to the epidemiology of noroviruses. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of GII noroviruses in hospitalized children less than 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). A total of 210 stool specimens were collected from Ali Asghar Children's Hospital and Bahrami Children's Hospital in Tehran, from June 2015 to June 2016. The samples were screened by real-time RT-PCR for genogroup II (GII)...
April 4, 2018: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590368/developing-patient-safety-system-using-who-tool-in-hospitals-in-oman
#14
A Al-Mandhari, S Al-Farsi, S Al-Barwani, N Al-Salmani, S Al-Rabhi, S Al-Saidi, K Abulmajd, S Al-Adawi
Objective: Oman is progressively implementing the Patient Safety Friendly Hospital Initiative (PSFHI), a tool formulated by the World Health Organization (WHO) to achieve optimal patient safety in hospitals. This paper describes its implementation in selected government and private hospitals in Oman and analyses the performance of four hospitals whose implementations of PSFHI were assessed by WHO. Design: The PSFHI initiative was launched in 11 hospitals in Oman during 2016...
March 24, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574427/septic-presentation-of-a-giant-fibroepithelial-polyp-of-the-vulva
#15
Arzoo Amin, Zohra Amin, Abdul Rahman Al Farsi
Fibroepithelial stromal polyps are mesenchymal lesions occurring typically in reproductive age women with a predilection for the vulvo-vaginal region. Malignancy may mimic this polyp in morphology, rendering further investigations including detailed histopathology mandatory. Histologically its characteristic features are stellate and multinucleate stromal cells identified near the epithelial-stromal interface. This case report discusses incidental finding of largest fibroepithelial polyp presented in a 31-year-old nulliparous woman...
March 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521241/beta-vulgaris-a-mini-review-of-traditional-uses-in-iran-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#16
Shokouhsadat Hamedi, Masoud Honarvar
BACKGROUND: Beta vulgaris (family: Chenopodiacea) is now much used in the food industry as a rich source of sugar but it is much less considered in medicine. Beet has been used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years to treat a variety of diseases such as constipation, decreased libido, gut and joint pain and dandruff. METHODS: This study introduced the benefits of Beta vulgaris by reviewing of Iranian traditional documents from 10th century until now and also compared modern phytotherapy of plant beet from the electronic data banks such as ISI, Pub Med and Scopus with findings that extracted from traditional literature...
March 8, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514657/effects-of-child-characteristics-and-dental-history-on-dental-fear-cross-sectional-study
#17
Mohammad A Alshoraim, Azza A El-Housseiny, Najat M Farsi, Osama M Felemban, Najlaa M Alamoudi, Amani A Alandejani
BACKGROUND: Dental fear (DF) is a challenging problem in dentistry. It is multifactorial in origin and many contributing factors have been identified. The aim of the study was to assess dental fear among 12-15 years old Arabic speaking children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and its relation to demographic variables, previous dental experience, and child behaviour. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 1522 boys and girls from middle schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia participated in this study during the period of 2014 to 2016...
March 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506520/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Khalid Al-Rubeaan, Nahla Bawazeer, Yousuf Al Farsi, Amira M Youssef, Abdulrahman A Al-Yahya, Hamid AlQumaidi, Basim M Al-Malki, Khalid A Naji, Khalid Al-Shehri, Fahd I Al Rumaih
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499508/patterns-and-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-refugees-a-latent-class-analysis
#19
Savannah Minihan, Belinda J Liddell, Yulisha Byrow, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Although elevated rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been well-documented in refugees, no study has investigated the heterogeneity of DSM-5 PTSD symptomatology in such populations. This study aimed to determine whether there are unique patterns of DSM-5 defined PTSD symptomatology in refugees, and investigate whether factors characteristic of the refugee experience, including trauma exposure and post-migration stress, predict symptom profiles. METHODS: Participants were 246 refugees and asylum-seekers from an Arabic-, English-, Farsi-, or Tamil-speaking background who had been resettled in Australia...
May 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497707/mentoring-clinical-year-medical-students-factors-contributing-to-effective-mentoring
#20
Hind I Fallatah, Yoon Soo Park, Jamila Farsi, Ara Tekian
Theory: Academic mentoring is an effective method of enhancing undergraduate medical student academic performance, research productivity, career planning, and overall satisfaction. Hypotheses: This study investigates the relationship between mentor characteristics and mentee academic performance, with an emphasis on identifying students who need special support. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among fourth-year medical students at King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Medicine undertaking the clinical skills module (CSM) rotation...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
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