keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Insect sting

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033869/bilinguals-plausibility-judgments-for-phrases-with-a-literal-vs-non-literal-meaning-the-influence-of-language-brokering-experience
#1
Belem G López, Jyotsna Vaid, Sümeyra Tosun, Chaitra Rao
Previous work has shown that prior experience in language brokering (informal translation) may facilitate the processing of meaning within and across language boundaries. The present investigation examined the influence of brokering on bilinguals' processing of two word collocations with either a literal or a figurative meaning in each language. Proficient Spanish-English bilinguals classified as brokers or non-brokers were asked to judge if adjective+noun phrases presented in each language made sense or not...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027956/combined-venom-gland-transcriptomic-and-venom-peptidomic-analysis-of-the-predatory-ant-odontomachus-monticola
#2
Kohei Kazuma, Keiichi Masuko, Katsuhiro Konno, Hidetoshi Inagaki
Ants (hymenoptera: Formicidae) have adapted to many different environments and have become some of the most prolific and successful insects. To date, 13,258 ant species have been reported. They have been classified into 333 genera and 17 subfamilies. Except for a few Formicinae, Dolichoderinae, and members of other subfamilies, most ant species have a sting with venom. The venoms are composed of formic acid, alkaloids, hydrocarbons, amines, peptides, and proteins. Unlike the venoms of other animals such as snakes and spiders, ant venoms have seldom been analyzed comprehensively, and their compositions are not yet completely known...
October 13, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890861/idiopathic-anaphylaxis
#3
REVIEW
Bright I Nwaru, Sangeeta Dhami, Aziz Sheikh
Idiopathic anaphylaxis is a rare life-threatening disorder with symptoms similar to other forms of anaphylaxis. There is lack of a robust evidence base underpinning the treatment of anaphylaxis and even less so for idiopathic anaphylaxis. Much of the evidence therefore comes from relatively small case series and expert opinion. Idiopathic anaphylaxis is a diagnosis of exclusion, requiring a thorough history and careful diagnostic work-up investigating possible triggers and underlying predisposing factors. Key diagnostic tests include skin-prick testing, tests for specific-IgE, component-resolved diagnostics, and in some cases for allergen challenge tests...
2017: Current Treatment Options in Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802075/overcoming-severe-adverse-reactions-to-venom-immunotherapy-by-using-anti-ige-antibodies-in-combination-with-a-high-maintenance-dose
#4
Eva Stretz, Eva Maria Oppel, Räwer Helen-Caroline, René Chatelain, Sebastian Mastnik, Bernhard Przybilla, Franziska Ruëff
BACKGROUND: An omalizumab treatment and a high maintenance venom dose may both help to prevent recurrent systemic allergic reactions (SAR) to venom immunotherapy (VIT). The effectiveness of this combination therapy, however, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to explore the possibility whether a temporary treatment with the anti-IgE antibody omalizumab, combined with a VIT using an elevated maintenance dose of >100 μg venom may establish a permanent tolerance of maintenance VIT...
August 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796121/climate-changes-and-hymenoptera-venom-allergy-are-there-some-connections
#5
Stefano Turillazzi, Francesco Turillazzi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to update the world status of the main allergenic stinging Hymenoptera. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, we consider the problems that social Hymenoptera (bees, wasps and ants) could represent in the nearest future for human health in different parts of the world. SUMMARY: Distribution and consistency of allergenic species including venomous insects are interested by accelerated dynamics caused by climate changes and globalization...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780941/the-pathophysiology-of-anaphylaxis
#6
REVIEW
Laurent L Reber, Joseph D Hernandez, Stephen J Galli
Anaphylaxis is a severe systemic hypersensitivity reaction that is rapid in onset; characterized by life-threatening airway, breathing, and/or circulatory problems; and usually associated with skin and mucosal changes. Because it can be triggered in some persons by minute amounts of antigen (eg, certain foods or single insect stings), anaphylaxis can be considered the most aberrant example of an imbalance between the cost and benefit of an immune response. This review will describe current understanding of the immunopathogenesis and pathophysiology of anaphylaxis, focusing on the roles of IgE and IgG antibodies, immune effector cells, and mediators thought to contribute to examples of the disorder...
August 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753659/melanic-variation-underlies-aposematic-color-variation-in-two-hymenopteran-mimicry-systems
#7
Heather M Hines, Paige Witkowski, Joseph S Wilson, Kazumasa Wakamatsu
The stinging hymenopteran velvet ants (Mutillidae) and bumble bees (Apidae: Bombus spp.) have both undergone extensive diversification in aposematic color patterns, including yellow-red hues and contrasting dark-light body coloration, as a result of Müllerian mimicry. Understanding the genetic and developmental mechanisms underlying shifts in these mimetic colors requires characterization of their pigmentation. In this study, a combination of solubility, spectrophotometry, and melanin degradation analysis are applied to several color forms and species of these lineages to determine that orange-red colors in both lineages are comprised of primarily dopamine-derived pheomelanins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736112/delayed-stinging-insect-reactions
#8
Elissa M Abrams, Allan B Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701251/recognition-and-management-of-anaphylaxis-in-older-adults
#9
REVIEW
Anastasiya Plagova, Diane Nykamp
OBJECTIVES: To discuss medications that cause anaphylaxis in older adults and its treatment, with a focus on epinephrine. DATA SOURCE: A search of PubMed using the terms "anaphylaxis," "drug-induced anaphylaxis," "epinephrine autoinjectable," "anaphylaxis diagnosis," "anaphylaxis treatment," and "epinephrine cost" was performed. English-language articles from January 2000 to August 2016 appearing in these searches were reviewed. STUDY SELECTION/DATA EXTRACTION: Relevant review articles, consensus statements, practice parameters, task force recommendations, and original articles were assessed for recognition and treatment of drug-induced anaphylaxis...
July 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686638/which-immunotherapy-product-is-better-for-patients-allergic-to-polistes-venom-a-laboratory-and-clinical-study
#10
Eleonora Savi, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Elisa Boni, Marina Mauro, Silvia Peveri, Valerio Pravettoni, Oliviero Quercia, Federico Reccardini, Marcello Montagni, Laura Pessina, Erminia Ridolo
BACKGROUND: Venom immunotherapy (VIT) is highly effective in preventing allergic reactions to insect stings, but the appropriate venom must be used to achieve clinical protection. In patients with multiple positive results to venoms, molecular allergy diagnostics or CAP-inhibition may identify the causative venom. Concerning allergy to venom from Polistes spp. it has been proposed that only the European species P. dominulus should be used for VIT. However, this recommendation is not present in any international guideline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672315/anaphylaxis-and-insect-stings-and-bites
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662124/individual-perception-of-bees-between-perceived-danger-and-willingness-to-protect
#12
Mona Lisa Schönfelder, Franz Xaver Bogner
The current loss of biodiversity has found its way into the media. Especially the loss of bees as pollinators has recently received much attention aiming to increase public awareness about the consequence of pollinator loss and strategies for protection. However, pollinating insects like bees often prompt considerable anxiety. Negative emotions such as fear and disgust often lead to lack of support for conservation and appropriate initiatives for protection. Our study monitored perceptions of bees in the contexts of conservation and danger bees possibly represent by applying a semantic differential using contrasting adjectives under the heading "I think bees are…"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643726/exotropia-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-rhabdomyolysis-caused-by-an-insect-sting
#13
Won Jae Kim, Saeyoon Kim, Myung Mi Kim
Various ocular and systemic reactions have been associated with insect sting. However, insect stings have been rarely reported to cause exotropia and diplopia. We encountered exotropia in a 6-year-old child with rhabdomyolysis of the left lower extremities caused by an insect sting. Exotropia and diplopia developed within 1 day after the sting and improved completely 1 week after the onset of symptoms. Clinicians should be aware of the potential for the development of exotropia in patients with insect stings, which requires careful follow-up...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614101/clinical-characteristics-of-allergy-to-hymenoptera-stings
#14
Nualanong Visitsunthorn, Teera Kijmassuwan, Kittipos Visitsunthorn, Panchama Pacharn, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of allergy to stings from the Hymenoptera order of insects in a hospital in Thailand. METHODS: A descriptive retrospective analytical study was carried out in inpatients and outpatients suffering from Hymenoptera stings from 2009 to 2013 in Siriraj Hospital. RESULTS: Medical records of 386 patients with an allergy to Hymenoptera stings were evaluated. Anaphylaxis was more common in patients younger than 15 years, who comprised 22...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604832/insects-and-associated-arthropods-analyzed-during-medicolegal-death-investigations-in-harris-county-texas-usa-january-2013-april-2016
#15
Michelle R Sanford
The application of insect and arthropod information to medicolegal death investigations is one of the more exacting applications of entomology. Historically limited to homicide investigations, the integration of full time forensic entomology services to the medical examiner's office in Harris County has opened up the opportunity to apply entomology to a wide variety of manner of death classifications and types of scenes to make observations on a number of different geographical and species-level trends in Harris County, Texas, USA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583258/hymenoptera-venoms-used-to-produce-allergen-extracts
#16
Greg Plunkett, Robert S Jacobson, David B K Golden
OBJECTIVE: To review the methods and materials used for collection, purification, commercial production, and clinical application of Hymenoptera venoms. DATA SOURCES: Most of the sources for this review are the experience and expertise of the authors. Published reports and review articles on Hymenoptera venom collection and production were identified through database searches (PubMed). STUDY SELECTIONS: Studies describing the methods for Hymenoptera venom collection and production were selected for review...
June 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512035/the-predatory-behavior-of-the-neotropical-social-wasp-polybia-rejecta
#17
Alain Dejean, Héctor Rodríguez-Pérez, James M Carpenter, Frédéric Azémar, Bruno Corbara
We experimentally studied the predatory behavior of Polybia rejecta (Vespidae, Polistinae, Epiponini) towards 2-88 mm-long insects attracted to a UV light trap. Foragers, which began to hunt at 6:30, selected 4-14 mm-long prey insects. Prey detection by sight by hovering wasps was confirmed using decoys. After the wasps landed and walked along a sinuous path, prey were detected by contact or from a distance (1-3cm). This was followed by seizure, stinging (contrarily to most other known cases), prey manipulation and retrieval...
May 13, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486123/evolution-taking-the-sting-out-of-wasp-phylogenetics
#18
Pu Tang, Alfried P Vogler
Hymenopterans - one of the 'big four' of insect orders - includes the sawflies, wasps, ants and bees. Two phylogenomic studies now resolve hymenopteran phylogeny and provide scenarios for the evolution of major lineages and key lifestyle transitions.
May 8, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480951/drug-induced-anaphylaxis-adrenalin-as-emergency-drug-in-anaphylaxis
#19
REVIEW
Ali Yildirim, Heinz-Theo Lübbers, Ayhan Yildirim
Anaphylaxis is defined as a serious allergic or hypersensitivity reaction in the most cases as a result of an IgE-mediated allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death. Common triggers are foods, insect stings, and medications. The medical treatment includes, epinephrine, glucocorticoids, antihistamines and inhaled bronchodilators, with the aim to prevent progression to life-threatening respiratory and/or cardiovascular symptoms.
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480948/anaphylaxie-induite-par-des-m%C3%A3-dicaments
#20
Ali Yildirim, Heinz-Theo Lübbers, Ayhan Yildirim
Anaphylaxis is defined as a serious allergic or hypersensitivity reaction in the most cases as a result of an IgE-mediated allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death. Common triggers are foods, insect stings, and medications. The medical treatment includes, epinephrine, glucocorticoids, antihistamines and inhaled bronchodilators, with the aim to prevent progression to life-threatening respiratory and/or cardiovascular symptoms.
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
keyword
keyword
3445
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"