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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643726/exotropia-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-rhabdomyolysis-caused-by-an-insect-sting
#1
Won Jae Kim, Saeyoon Kim, Myung Mi Kim
Various ocular and systemic reactions have been associated with insect sting. However, insect stings have been rarely reported to cause exotropia and diplopia. We encountered exotropia in a 6-year-old child with rhabdomyolysis of the left lower extremities caused by an insect sting. Exotropia and diplopia developed within 1 day after the sting and improved completely 1 week after the onset of symptoms. Clinicians should be aware of the potential for the development of exotropia in patients with insect stings, which requires careful follow-up...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614101/clinical-characteristics-of-allergy-to-hymenoptera-stings
#2
Nualanong Visitsunthorn, Teera Kijmassuwan, Kittipos Visitsunthorn, Panchama Pacharn, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of allergy to stings from the Hymenoptera order of insects in a hospital in Thailand. METHODS: A descriptive retrospective analytical study was carried out in inpatients and outpatients suffering from Hymenoptera stings from 2009 to 2013 in Siriraj Hospital. RESULTS: Medical records of 386 patients with an allergy to Hymenoptera stings were evaluated. Anaphylaxis was more common in patients younger than 15 years, who comprised 22...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604832/insects-and-associated-arthropods-analyzed-during-medicolegal-death-investigations-in-harris-county-texas-usa-january-2013-april-2016
#3
Michelle R Sanford
The application of insect and arthropod information to medicolegal death investigations is one of the more exacting applications of entomology. Historically limited to homicide investigations, the integration of full time forensic entomology services to the medical examiner's office in Harris County has opened up the opportunity to apply entomology to a wide variety of manner of death classifications and types of scenes to make observations on a number of different geographical and species-level trends in Harris County, Texas, USA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583258/hymenoptera-venoms-used-to-produce-allergen-extracts
#4
Greg Plunkett, Robert S Jacobson, David B K Golden
OBJECTIVE: To review the methods and materials used for collection, purification, commercial production, and clinical application of Hymenoptera venoms. DATA SOURCES: Most of the sources for this review are the experience and expertise of the authors. Published reports and review articles on Hymenoptera venom collection and production were identified through database searches (PubMed). STUDY SELECTIONS: Studies describing the methods for Hymenoptera venom collection and production were selected for review...
June 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512035/the-predatory-behavior-of-the-neotropical-social-wasp-polybia-rejecta
#5
Alain Dejean, Héctor Rodríguez-Pérez, James M Carpenter, Frédéric Azémar, Bruno Corbara
We experimentally studied the predatory behavior of Polybia rejecta (Vespidae, Polistinae, Epiponini) towards 2-88 mm-long insects attracted to a UV light trap. Foragers, which began to hunt at 6:30, selected 4-14 mm-long prey insects. Prey detection by sight by hovering wasps was confirmed using decoys. After the wasps landed and walked along a sinuous path, prey were detected by contact or from a distance (1-3cm). This was followed by seizure, stinging (contrarily to most other known cases), prey manipulation and retrieval...
May 13, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486123/evolution-taking-the-sting-out-of-wasp-phylogenetics
#6
Pu Tang, Alfried P Vogler
Hymenopterans - one of the 'big four' of insect orders - includes the sawflies, wasps, ants and bees. Two phylogenomic studies now resolve hymenopteran phylogeny and provide scenarios for the evolution of major lineages and key lifestyle transitions.
May 8, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480951/arzneimittelinduzierte-anaphylaxie
#7
Ali Yildirim, Heinz-Theo Lübbers, Ayhan Yildirim
Anaphylaxis is defined as a serious allergic or hypersensitivity reaction in the most cases as a result of an IgE-mediated allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death. Common triggers are foods, insect stings, and medications. The medical treatment includes, epinephrine, glucocorticoids, antihistamines and inhaled bronchodilators, with the aim to prevent progression to life-threatening respiratory and/or cardiovascular symptoms.
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480948/anaphylaxie-induite-par-des-m%C3%A3-dicaments
#8
Ali Yildirim, Heinz-Theo Lübbers, Ayhan Yildirim
Anaphylaxis is defined as a serious allergic or hypersensitivity reaction in the most cases as a result of an IgE-mediated allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death. Common triggers are foods, insect stings, and medications. The medical treatment includes, epinephrine, glucocorticoids, antihistamines and inhaled bronchodilators, with the aim to prevent progression to life-threatening respiratory and/or cardiovascular symptoms.
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463951/anaphylaxis-and-insect-stings-and-bites
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435107/wasp-venomic-unravelling-the-toxins-arsenal-of-polybia-paulista-venom-and-its-potential-pharmaceutical-applications
#10
REVIEW
Amilcar Perez-Riverol, José Roberto Aparecido Dos Santos-Pinto, Alexis Musacchio Lasa, Mario Sergio Palma, Márcia Regina Brochetto-Braga
Polybia paulista (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) is a neotropical social wasp from southeast Brazil. As most social Hymenoptera, venom from P. paulista comprises a complex mixture of bioactive toxins ranging from low molecular weight compounds to peptides and proteins. Several efforts have been made to elucidate the molecular composition of the P. paulista venom. Data derived from proteomic, peptidomic and allergomic analyses has enhanced our understanding of the whole envenoming process caused by the insect sting...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414559/evaluating-the-cost-and-utility-of-mandating-schools-to-stock-epinephrine-auto-injectors
#11
Chelsea Steffens, Benjamin Clement, William Fales, Ahel El Haj Chehade, Kevin Putman, Robert Swor
BACKGROUND: The Michigan Legislature mandated that all public schools stock epinephrine auto-injectors (EAIs). A minimal amount is known regarding the incremental value of EAIs in schools. Our primary objective was to describe the frequency of administration of epinephrine for EMS patients with acute allergic reactions in public schools. Our secondary objective was to estimate the cost of mandating public schools to stock EAIs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of EMS cases with an impression of allergic reaction and who received epinephrine recorded in the 2014 Michigan EMS Information System (MI-EMSIS)...
April 17, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411932/arthropod-envenomation-in-north-america
#12
REVIEW
Timothy B Erickson, Navneet Cheema
Arthropods (phylum Arthopoda) account for a higher percentage of morbidity and mortality to humans than do mammalian bites, snake bites, or marine envenomation. They are ubiquitous in domestic dwellings, caves, and campsites and in wilderness settings such as deserts, forests, and lakes. Although arthropods are most intrusive during warmer months, many are active throughout the winter, particularly indoors. Arthropods are also nocturnal and often bite unsuspecting victims while they are sleeping. Encounters with humans are generally defensive, accidental, or reactive...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390586/an-analysis-of-anaphylaxis-cases-at-a-single-pediatric-emergency-department-during-a-1-year-period
#13
Christopher D Wright, Mindy Longjohn, Phillip L Lieberman, Jay Adam Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Case series of anaphylaxis can vary regarding causes, treatments, and follow-up of patients. Unfortunately, case series that are specific to the pediatric population are few. OBJECTIVE: To describe confirmed cases of pediatric anaphylaxis in patients presenting to a pediatric hospital emergency department (ED). METHODS: We identified all ED visits with the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes 995...
April 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376325/phylogenomic-insights-into-the-evolution-of-stinging-wasps-and-the-origins-of-ants-and-bees
#14
Michael G Branstetter, Bryan N Danforth, James P Pitts, Brant C Faircloth, Philip S Ward, Matthew L Buffington, Michael W Gates, Robert R Kula, Seán G Brady
The stinging wasps (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) are an extremely diverse lineage of hymenopteran insects, encompassing over 70,000 described species and a diversity of life history traits, including ectoparasitism, cleptoparasitism, predation, pollen feeding (bees [Anthophila] and Masarinae), and eusociality (social vespid wasps, ants, and some bees) [1]. The most well-studied lineages of Aculeata are the ants, which are ecologically dominant in most terrestrial ecosystems [2], and the bees, the most important lineage of angiosperm-pollinating insects [3]...
April 3, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374596/-management-of-acute-anaphylaxis-in-clinical-practice-in-the-context-of-the-guidelines
#15
P Ch Cmorej, M Nesvadba, R Babeľa, O Slowik, R Didič
Anaphylaxis is a rapidly progressing, life-threatening allergic reaction that needs rapid diagnosis and treatment. Recent research has brought new information about the increasing incidence of anaphylaxis. Nevertheless, the prevalence and incidence of anaphylaxis are difficult to estimate due to the lack of consensus on the definition of anaphylaxis, differences between the population groups analysed, and use of different data collection methods. The most common triggers of anaphylaxis are food allergens, insect stings, and drugs...
2017: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372711/outpatient-emergencies-anaphylaxis
#16
REVIEW
Scott P Commins
Anaphylactic fatalities are rare; however, mild reactions can rapidly progress to cardiovascular and respiratory arrest. The clinical course of anaphylaxis can be unpredictable. Prompt and early use of epinephrine should be considered. Most anaphylaxis episodes have an immunologic mechanism involving immunoglobulin E (IgE). Foods are the most common cause in children; medications and insect stings are more common in adults. When the cause is not completely avoidable or cannot be determined, a patient should be supplied with autoinjectable epinephrine and be instructed its use...
May 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343967/evolutionary-history-of-the-hymenoptera
#17
Ralph S Peters, Lars Krogmann, Christoph Mayer, Alexander Donath, Simon Gunkel, Karen Meusemann, Alexey Kozlov, Lars Podsiadlowski, Malte Petersen, Robert Lanfear, Patricia A Diez, John Heraty, Karl M Kjer, Seraina Klopfstein, Rudolf Meier, Carlo Polidori, Thomas Schmitt, Shanlin Liu, Xin Zhou, Torsten Wappler, Jes Rust, Bernhard Misof, Oliver Niehuis
Hymenoptera (sawflies, wasps, ants, and bees) are one of four mega-diverse insect orders, comprising more than 153,000 described and possibly up to one million undescribed extant species [1, 2]. As parasitoids, predators, and pollinators, Hymenoptera play a fundamental role in virtually all terrestrial ecosystems and are of substantial economic importance [1, 3]. To understand the diversification and key evolutionary transitions of Hymenoptera, most notably from phytophagy to parasitoidism and predation (and vice versa) and from solitary to eusocial life, we inferred the phylogeny and divergence times of all major lineages of Hymenoptera by analyzing 3,256 protein-coding genes in 173 insect species...
April 3, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343286/a-mimic-of-sexually-motivated-homicide-insect-stings-and-heat-exhaustion-in-a-forest
#18
Nancy X Liu, Michael S Pollanen
We report the case a woman who was found dead in a forest. The body was nude and the position of the body suggested a sexually motivated homicide. We concluded that death was not related to homicide, but was related to the conjunction of environmental factors, including insect stings, and acute psychosis. A medicolegal death investigation with postmortem examination was undertaken to determine cause of death. At the scene, the body was supine with legs spread apart and the knees flexed, exposing the external genitalia...
March 25, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270251/decontamination-work-and-the-long-term-increase-in-hospital-visits-for-hymenoptera-stings-following-the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster
#19
Akihiko Ozaki, Takeru Yokota, Shuhei Nomura, Masaharu Tsubokura, Claire Leppold, Tetsuya Tanimoto, Toru Miura, Kana Yamamoto, Toyoaki Sawano, Manabu Tsukada, Masahiro Kami, Yukio Kanazawa, Hiromichi Ohira
OBJECTIVE: Animals, including arthropods, are one health threat that can be affected by disasters. This institution-based study aimed to assess trends in Hymenoptera stings following the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients with hymenopteran stings who visited Minamisoma Municipal General Hospital, located 23 km from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, from March 2005 to March 2016. Patient and sting characteristics of post-disaster patients were examined, and the annual incidence of hospital visits for hymenopteran stings was compared with the pre-disaster baseline, calculating an incidence rate ratio (IRR) for each year...
March 8, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193791/epinephrine-for-first-aid-management-of-anaphylaxis
#20
Scott H Sicherer, F Estelle R Simons
Anaphylaxis is a severe, generalized allergic or hypersensitivity reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death. Epinephrine (adrenaline) can be life-saving when administered as rapidly as possible once anaphylaxis is recognized. This clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics is an update of the 2007 clinical report on this topic. It provides information to help clinicians identify patients at risk of anaphylaxis and new information about epinephrine and epinephrine autoinjectors (EAs). The report also highlights the importance of patient and family education about the recognition and management of anaphylaxis in the community...
March 2017: Pediatrics
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