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Uterine polyp treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638413/uterine-cavity-abnormalities-in-patients-with-endometriosis-in-alexandria-a-diagnostic-test-accuracy-study
#1
Eman Aly Abd El Fattah
Endometriosis is strongly associated with infertility. Endometrial polyps are prevalent in infertile women and they have similar pathological characteristics to endometriosis, suggesting a possible association. Uterine malformations as uterine septum and hypoplastic uterus are also linked to endometriosis. Hysterosalpingogram and transvaginal ultrasonography are used to diagnose endometrial lesions. Hysteroscopy can detect small lesions that might be missed. Recently, 4D ultrasonography is being used, but which is superior has not been established yet...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605821/abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#2
Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto, Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa-E-Silva, Daniela Angerame Yela, José Maria Soares Júnior
Abnormal uterine bleeding is a frequent condition in Gynecology. It may impact physical, emotional sexual and professional aspects of the lives of women, impairing their quality of life. In cases of acute and severe bleeding, women may need urgent treatment with volumetric replacement and prescription of hemostatic substances. In some specific cases with more intense and prolonged bleeding, surgical treatment may be necessary. The objective of this chapter is to describe the main evidence on the treatment of women with abnormal uterine bleeding, both acute and chronic...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586596/histological-pattern-of-endometrial-samples-in-postmenopausal-women-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#3
Farhat Deeba, Shaista, Bushra Khan
BACKGROUND: Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the most common clinical problems in gynaecological practice and is an indicator of various underlying disorders. An endometrial biopsy should be done in all women over 35 years with AUB to rule out endometrial cancer or pre-malignant lesion and to initiate treatment. However, wide range of histological patterns on endometrial biopsy offer a diagnostic challenge to practicing pathologists. The objective of this study was to determine histological patterns of endometrium in postmenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511462/story-of-a-giant-endometrial-polyp-in-asymptomatic-postmenopausal-female
#4
Jahnavi Meena, Rahul Manchanda, Sudhir Kulkarni, Nirmal Bhargava, Priyanka Mahawar
Endometrial polyps are localized overgrowth of endometrial glands and stoma through the uterine cavity. They are associated with postmenopausal bleeding, infertility and menorrhagia and are affected by unbalanced oestrogen therapy or increased frequency of tamoxifen exposure. We report a case of giant endometrial polyp in postmenopausal female without vaginal bleeding and hormone or drug use. A 65-year-old, postmenopausal female P3L2 with hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus (DM) came for routine health check-up...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412850/assessment-of-hysteroscopic-role-in-management-of-women-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#5
M Elsokkary, M Elshourbagy, K Labib, A Mamdouh, Y El-Shahawy, Wael S Nossair, O Abd El Fattah, H Hemeda, S Sallam, Waleed M Khalaf, M Ali
OBJECTIVES: To assess the hysteroscopic value in the management of intrauterine lesion in women with recurrent pregnancy loss. METHODS: This study was done in Ain Shams Maternity Hospital after the approval of the research Ethics Committee, during the period between August 2014 and December 2015 where 200 nonpregnant women with a history of three or more consecutive unexplained first and second trimester miscarriages before 20 weeks were recruited from recurrent miscarriage clinic...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217668/endometrial-polyp-surveillance-in-premenopausal-breast-cancer-patients-using-tamoxifen
#6
Se Jeong Jeon, Jae Il Lee, Maria Lee, Hee Seung Kim, Jae Weon Kim, Noh Hyun Park, Yong Sang Song
OBJECTIVE: To describe the endometrial pathologic lesions in premenopausal breast cancer patients with a history of tamoxifen (TMX) use. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 120 premenopausal breast cancer patients with a history of TMX use that had undergone a gynecological examination. RESULTS: Among 120 patients, 44.2% (n=53) were asymptomatic with an endometrial thickness ≥5 mm, as assessed by transvaginal ultrasonography...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003798/a-patient-preference-cohort-study-of-office-versus-inpatient-uterine-polyp-treatment-for-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#7
Natalie A M Cooper, Lee Middleton, Paul Smith, Elaine Denny, Lynda Stobert, Jane Daniels, T Justin Clark
Uterine polyps can cause abnormal bleeding in women. Conventional practise is to remove them under general anaesthesia but advances in technology have made it possible to perform polypectomy in the office setting. We conducted a patient-preference study to explore women's preferences for treatment setting and to evaluate the effectiveness and treatment experience of women undergoing uterine polypectomy. Three hundred ninety-nine women with abnormal uterine bleeding who were found to have uterine polyps at diagnostic hysteroscopy were recruited...
2016: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994000/the-natural-history-of-endometrial-polyps
#8
M Wong, B Crnobrnja, V Liberale, K Dharmarajah, M Widschwendter, D Jurkovic
STUDY QUESTION: What is the natural history of endometrial polyps in women who are managed expectantly? SUMMARY ANSWER: The growth rates of expectantly managed polyps vary considerably and cannot be accurately predicted. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The majority of polyps detected on ultrasound are treated surgically, and therefore little is known about their natural history. Some polyps have been reported to regress spontaneously without the need for treatment; however, the factors predictive of regression are unknown...
February 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924072/p53-and-murine-double-mimute-2-mdm2-expression-changes-and-significance-in-different-types-of-endometrial-lesions
#9
Zhongyong Jiang, Wanqing Xu, Gang Dan, Yuan Liu, Jie Xiong
BACKGROUND Endometrial lesions are common in obstetrics and gynecology, including endometrial polyps, uterine adenomyosis, and malignant endometrial adenocarcinoma. Endometrial lesions seriously affect women's health, fertility, quality of life, and life safety. As a pro-apoptosis gene, p53 is considered to be closely related with human tumors. Murine double mimute 2 (MDM2) is an oncogene that can promote tumor occurrence and development. P53 and MDM2 expression and significance in different types of endometrial lesions have not been fully elucidated...
December 7, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914969/endometrial-polyps-and-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-aub-p-what-is-the-relationship-how-are-they-diagnosed-and-how-are-they-treated
#10
REVIEW
T Justin Clark, Helen Stevenson
The diagnosis and treatment of endometrial polyps will be familiar to most gynaecologists. However, the aetiology and natural history of these focal intrauterine lesions are yet to be elucidated. This lack of clarity is also true with regard to their clinical significance; whilst endometrial polyps are highly prevalent in all types of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), they are also commonly found in women without AUB. These controversies will be discussed along with current thoughts on the diagnosis and treatment of endometrial polyps...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769260/submucous-uterine-adenosarcoma-minimally-invasive-treatment
#11
H Krentel, R L De Wilde
BACKGROUND: Uterine adenosarcomas are rare malignant gynaecological tumours. Due to its submucous localization, they can be easily confound with benign tumours like endometrial polyps or submucous myomas. However, the treatment of uterine adenosarcomas requires an oncologic surgical approach. CASE PRESENTATION: In the following case report, we present the minimally invasive treatment of a uterine adenosarcoma by hysteroscopy and laparoscopy in a 37-year-old patient and discuss the special role of hysteroscopy in such cases...
October 21, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729971/use-of-a-frameless-lng-ius-as-conservative-treatment-for-a-pre-malignant-uterine-polyp-in-a-premenopausal-woman-a-case-report
#12
D Janssens, G Verbeeck, D Wildemeersch
Prevention of progression to invasive carcinoma in patients with a premalignant endometrial lesion using longterm treatment with levonorgestrel (LNG) releasing intrauterine systems (IUS) remains controversial, especially when manifest cellular atypia has been found in the endometrial biopsy specimen. We present a case of a 44-year old premenopausal woman with a premalignant uterine polyp who declined hysterectomy and was followed-up for more than 12 years after the first LNG-IUS was inserted. Endometrial atrophy installed, no pathology was detected and hysterectomy was thereby successfully avoided...
December 28, 2015: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485359/surgery-for-benign-gynecological-disorders-improve-endometrium-receptivity
#13
Onder Celik, Mustafa Acet, Tansu Kucuk, Esra Tustas Haberal, Tuba Acet, Murat Bozkurt, Levent Sahin, Fatma Ferda Verit, Eray Caliskan
Regardless of the anatomical locations, some benign gynecological disorders (BGDs) such as peritoneal endometriosis, ovarian endometrioma, adenomyosis, uterine leiomyomas, endometrial polyps, uterine septum, and hydrosalpinges may lead to implantation failure. Despite progress in medical therapies, surgery remains a mainstay of BGDs treatment. Although our knowledge of endometrial receptivity after BGDs surgery is limited, it has allowed for significant improvement in the treatment of female subfertility. Many researchers studied on pregnancy outcome following BGDs surgery, but they did not investigate the possible impact of surgery on endometrial receptivity...
February 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039249/pregnancy-loss-french-clinical-practice-guidelines
#14
EDITORIAL
C Huchon, X Deffieux, G Beucher, P Capmas, X Carcopino, N Costedoat-Chalumeau, A Delabaere, V Gallot, E Iraola, V Lavoue, G Legendre, V Lejeune-Saada, J Leveque, S Nedellec, J Nizard, T Quibel, D Subtil, F Vialard, D Lemery
In intrauterine pregnancies of uncertain viability with a gestational sac without a yolk sac (with a mean of three orthogonal transvaginal ultrasound measurements <25mm), the suspected pregnancy loss should only be confirmed after a follow-up scan at least 14 days later shows no embryo with cardiac activity (Grade C). In intrauterine pregnancies of uncertain viability with an embryo <7mm on transvaginal ultrasound, the suspected pregnancy loss should only be confirmed after a follow-up scan at least 7 days later (Grade C)...
June 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008893/efficacy-of-hysteroscopy-in-improving-reproductive-outcomes-of-infertile-couples-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Costantino Di Carlo, Silvia Minozzi, Marialuigia Spinelli, Vanna Pistotti, Carlo Alviggi, Giuseppe De Placido, Carmine Nappi, Giuseppe Bifulco
BACKGROUND: The scientific community has been re-evaluating the clinical relevance of hysteroscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of uterine factors and its role in the infertility work-up, thanks to its potential capability to improve reproductive outcomes and reduce time to pregnancy. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of diagnostic and operative hysteroscopy in improving the live birth rate (LBR) of infertile women, with and without intrauterine abnormalities, at any stage of the infertility work-up...
June 2016: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998162/thickness-of-preperitoneal-fat-as-a-predictor-of-malignancy-in-overweight-and-obese-women-with-endometrial-polyps
#16
Andrea Ciavattini, Jacopo DI Giuseppe, Nicolò Clemente, Lorenzo Moriconi, Giovanni Delli Carpini, Nina Montik, Laura Mazzanti
The aim of the present study was to determine the association between the thickness of preperitoneal fat (PFT), utilized as an indicator of visceral fat deposition, and the risk of premalignant and malignant changes of endometrial polyps (EPs) in overweight and obese women. Overweight and obese women who had undergone diagnostic outpatient hysteroscopy and subsequent endometrial polypectomy between January 2010 and May 2013 were analyzed. Each patient underwent a transabdominal ultrasound for the purpose of measuring the thickness of preperitoneal fat...
March 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26930389/modern-operative-hysteroscopy
#17
REVIEW
Gabriele Centini, Libera Troia, Lucia Lazzeri, Felice Petraglia, Stefano Luisi
Hysteroscopy is an endoscopic surgical procedure that has become an important tool to evaluate intrauterine pathology. It offers a direct visualization of the entire uterine cavity and provides the possibility of performing biopsy of suspected lesions that can be missed by dilatation and curettage (D&C). In most cases, the intrauterine pathologies can be diagnosed and treated at the same setting as office hysteroscopy ("see and treat approach"). For example, endometrial polyps can be diagnosed and removed; similarly, intrauterine adhesions can be liberated in the outpatient setting without the need for an operating theatre...
April 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26903755/histopathology-findings-in-patients-presenting-with-menorrhagia-a-study-of-100-hysterectomy-specimen
#18
Nilima G Sawke, Gopal Krishna Sawke, Hanisha Jain
BACKGROUND: Menorrhagia, by definition, is heavy cyclical blood loss in excess of 80 ml/month of menstrual period lasting longer than 7 days. There are many possible causes of heavy menstrual bleeding which include hormonal imbalance, fibroids, miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, nonhormonal intrauterine device, adenomyosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and rarely uterine, ovarian, or cervical cancer. Treatment depends on the causes of the menorrhagia. Hysterectomy is one of the several surgical procedures as definitive treatment...
October 2015: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26893721/coexistence-of-adenomyosis-and-endometrioid-endometrial-cancer-role-in-surgical-guidance-and-prognosis-estimation
#19
Salvatore Gizzo, Tito Silvio Patrelli, Andrea Dall'asta, Stefania DI Gangi, Giovanna Giordano, Costanza Migliavacca, Michela Monica, Carla Merisio, Giovanni Battista Nardelli, Michela Quaranta, Marco Noventa, Roberto Berretta
The aim of the current study was to diagnose the concomitant presence of adenomyosis (AM) in endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) in order to evaluate its value as an oncological prognostic marker. A retrospective analysis of 289 patients diagnosed with EEC who underwent total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and pelvic-lymphadenectomy was conducted. The total cohort included 37 patients in Group A (those with concomitant AM and EEC) and 252 patients in Group B (those affected only by EEC). The following factors were evaluated: Presence or absence of AM, tumor grade, depth of myometrial invasion, tumor size, lymphovascular space involvement, lymph node status, peritoneal cytology, concomitant detection of endometrial atypical-hyperplasia or polypoid endometrial features and tumor stage according to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) classification...
February 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26803558/abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#20
REVIEW
Lucy Whitaker, Hilary O D Critchley
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a common and debilitating condition with high direct and indirect costs. AUB frequently co-exists with fibroids, but the relationship between the two remains incompletely understood and in many women the identification of fibroids may be incidental to a menstrual bleeding complaint. A structured approach for establishing the cause using the Fédération International de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique (FIGO) PALM-COEIN (Polyp, Adenomyosis, Leiomyoma, Malignancy (and hyperplasia), Coagulopathy, Ovulatory disorders, Endometrial, Iatrogenic and Not otherwise classified) classification system will facilitate accurate diagnosis and inform treatment options...
July 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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