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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777495/ameliorative-effect-of-ginseng-extract-on-phthalate-and-bisphenol-a-reprotoxicity-during-pregnancy-in-rats
#1
Islam M Saadeldin, Mohamed A Hussein, Aida Hamid Suleiman, Mahmoud G Abohassan, Mona M Ahmed, Amr A Moustafa, Abdullah F Moumen, Ayman Abdel-Aziz Swelum
Phthalates (such as DEHP) and bisphenol A (BPA) are widely used chemicals in plastics manufacturing and exert public health concerns as endocrine disrupters. This study was designed to investigate the deleterious effect of DEHP and BPA on endocrine profile of pregnant female rats and the combined treatment with ginseng extract (Panax ginseng). Seventy-two pregnant rats were divided into six groups (control, ginseng, DEHP, BPA, Gin + DEHP, and Gin + BPA), 12 females per each group. The drugs were supplemented from pregnancy day 0 until day 20...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776455/optimization-and-validation-of-an-analytical-method-for-the-determination-of-some-trace-and-toxic-elements-in-canned-fruit-juices-using-quadrupole-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometer
#2
Eglal R Souaya, Mona A Khorshed, Mahmoud M Ghuniem
Background: There is increasing concern about the health effects on humans due to continuous consumption of fruit juices contaminated with metals. Objective: Quadrupole inductively coupled mass spectrometry (Q-ICP-MS) was optimized, validated, and applied in routine analysis for determination of As, Pb, Cd, Sb, Hg, Cu, Zn, Fe, Al, Cr, Sn, Co, Mn, and Ni in fruit juice beverages. Methods: Several validation parameters, such as detection limits (DLs), quantification limits, linearity, accuracy, and measurement uncertainty (MU), were studied under optimized Q-ICP-MS conditions...
May 18, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774364/restrictive-dermopathy-four-case-reports-and-structural-skin-changes
#3
Mona Bidier, Mareen Salz, Jochen Meyburg, Adelheid Elbe-Bürger, Felix Lasitzschka, Ingrid Hausser, Knut Schäkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771822/pulse-oximetry-and-arterial-oxygen-saturation-during-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing
#4
Mona Ascha, Anirban Bhattacharyya, Jose A Ramos, Adriano R Tonelli
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) is used as surrogate for arterial blood oxygen saturation. We studied the degree of discrepancy between SpO2 and arterial oxygen (SaO2) and identified parameters that may explain this difference. METHODS: We included patients who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) at Cleveland Clinic. Pulse oximeters with forehead probes measured SpO2 and arterial blood gas (ABG) samples provided the SaO2 both at rest and peak exercise...
April 30, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771390/children-learning-about-second-hand-smoke-class-ii-a-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Kamran Siddiqi, Rumana Huque, Mona Kanaan, Farid Ahmed, Tarana Ferdous, Sarwat Shah, Cath Jackson, Steve Parrott, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Aziz Sheikh
Introduction: Children exposed to second-hand smoke (SHS) are at increased risk of respiratory illnesses. We piloted a Smoke Free Intervention (SFI) and trial methods before investigating its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in primary school children. Methods: In a pilot cluster randomised controlled-trial in Bangladesh, primary schools were allocated to usual education (control) or SFI, using minimisation. Year-5 children were recruited. Masking treatment allocation was not possible...
May 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770323/dental-mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-translational-regenerative-dentistry-from-artificial-to-biological-replacement
#6
REVIEW
Mona K Marei, Rania M El Backly
Dentistry is a continuously changing field that has witnessed much advancement in the past century. Prosthodontics is that branch of dentistry that deals with replacing missing teeth using either fixed or removable appliances in an attempt to simulate natural tooth function. Although such "replacement therapies" appear to be easy and economic they fall short of ever coming close to their natural counterparts. Complications that arise often lead to failures and frequent repairs of such devices which seldom allow true physiological function of dental and oral-maxillofacial tissues...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770242/healthcare-informatics-research-s-journey-of-paving-the-road-to-excellence-in-global-healthcare-informatics
#7
EDITORIAL
Mona Choi, Jung A Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766841/case-control-study-on-risk-factors-for-acute-hepatitis-e-in-germany-2012-to-2014
#8
Mirko Faber, Mona Askar, Klaus Stark
BackgroundNotified cases of hepatitis E have increased 40-fold in the past 10 years in Germany. Food safety is a major concern as hepatitis E virus (HEV) RNA has been detected in ready-to-eat retail-level food products. The objective of this case-control study was to assess risk factors for autochthonous symptomatic hepatitis E and explore reasons for delays in diagnosis. Methods: Demographic, clinical and exposure data from notified hepatitis E cases and individually matched population controls were collected in semi-standardised telephone interviews...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765930/effect-of-fennel-on-the-health-status-of-menopausal-women-a-systematic-and-meta-analysis
#9
Talat Khadivzadeh, Mona Najaf Najafi, Leila Kargarfard, Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Fatemeh Rajab Dizavandi, Imaneh Khorsand
Objectives: The aim of the present study is the systematic and critical investigation of the effectiveness of fennel on the climacteric symptoms among menopausal females. Methods: A search of the trials studying the effect of fennel on menopausal females was conducted in 2017 using the MEDLINE and Scopus databases and the Cochrane Library with the following keywords: fennel, Foeniculum vulgare , and menopause. Results: Fennel combined with officinalis is more effective in the attenuating of sleep disorders compared to Citalopram...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765928/aromatherapy-for-sexual-problems-in-menopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Talat Khadivzadeh, Mona Najaf Najafi, Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Morvarid Irani, Fatemeh Rajab Dizavandi, Khatereh Shariati
Objectives: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis is the exploration of the potential evidence of the effectiveness of aromatherapy products on the sexual function of menopausal women. Methods: From inception to December 2017, the search process was performed using the MEDLINE and Scopus databases and the Cochrane Library regarding the trials on the effectiveness of herbal-medicine aromatherapy on the sexual function of menopausal women. Results: Three of the trials comprise suitable data for inclusion in the meta-analysis...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765917/dentoskeletal-effects-of-the-forsus%C3%A2-fatigue-resistance-device-in-the-treatment-of-class-ii-malocclusion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Amal I Linjawi, Mona A Abbassy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to quantitatively compare previous studies that evaluated skeletal and dentoalveolar effects of the Forsus™ Fatigue Resistance Device (FRD) in the treatment of Class II malocclusion with a matched untreated control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four electronic searches PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Science Direct that were limited to articles on human studies comparing the effect of Forsus appliance with a matched control group in the treatment of Class II malocclusion from the year (2000-2017)...
2018: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763726/susceptibility-of-ruminal-bacteria-isolated-from-large-and-small-ruminant-to-multiple-conventional-antibiotics
#12
Abdelfattah Z M Salem, Ameer Khusro, Mona M Y Elghandour, Jaime Olivares-Pérez, Saúl Rojas-Hernandez, Régulo Jiménez-Guillén
The pivotal aim of the present context was to isolate diversified group of bacteria from the ruminants and to evaluate their antibiogram pattern against 22 antibiotics of 14 different classes. The bacterial isolates from small and large ruminant (sheep, cattle, and calves) were isolated from the rumen based on various colonies morphology, and subjected for preliminary antibiotics susceptibility assay using disc diffusion method. The most sensitive isolates (based on zone of inhibition) were selected for determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of each antibiotic ranging from 1 to 256 μg/mL...
May 12, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763613/neuroprotective-effect-of-duloxetine-in-a-mouse-model-of-diabetic-neuropathy-role-of-glia-suppressing-mechanisms
#13
Mona K Tawfik, Seham A Helmy, Dahlia I Badran, Sawsan A Zaitone
AIMS: Painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is one of the most frequent complications of diabetes and the current therapies have limited efficacy. This study aimed to study the neuroprotective effect of duloxetine, a serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), in a mouse model of diabetic neuropathy. MAIN METHODS: Nine weeks after developing of PDN, mice were treated with either saline or duloxetine (15 or 30 mg/kg) for four weeks. The effect of duloxetine was assessed in terms of pain responses, histopathology of sciatic nerve and spinal cord, sciatic nerve growth factor (NGF) gene expression and on the spinal expression of astrocytes (glial fibrillary acidic protein, GFAP) and microglia (CD11 b)...
May 12, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760160/development-of-a-novel-clinical-staging-model-for-cirrhosis-using-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#14
Mona Haj, Mary Hart, Don C Rockey
Scoring systems such as Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) and Child-Pugh are often used by clinicians to determine prognosis in patients with cirrhosis. Since clinical complications are important in determining cirrhosis outcomes, our goal was to use these to develop a novel prognostic staging model. Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), years 2003-2011, were queried for records of patients over the age of 18 with cirrhosis excluding patients with prior or inpatient liver transplantation. The primary outcome was inpatient mortality with focus on cirrhosis-related complications: non-bleeding esophageal varices, variceal hemorrhage, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy (HE), spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759947/a-simplified-method-to-account-for-wall-motion-in-patient-specific-blood-flow-simulations-of-aortic-dissection-comparison-with-fluid-structure-interaction
#15
Mirko Bonfanti, Stavroula Balabani, Mona Alimohammadi, Obiekezie Agu, Shervanthi Homer-Vanniasinkam, Vanessa Díaz-Zuccarini
Aortic dissection (AD) is a complex and highly patient-specific vascular condition difficult to treat. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can aid the medical management of this pathology, yet its modelling and simulation are challenging. One aspect usually disregarded when modelling AD is the motion of the vessel wall, which has been shown to significantly impact simulation results. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) methods are difficult to implement and are subject to assumptions regarding the mechanical properties of the vessel wall, which cannot be retrieved non-invasively...
May 11, 2018: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759210/smart-bi-metallic-perovskite-nanofibers-as-selective-and-reusable-sensors-of-nano-level-concentrations-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#16
Mona A Mohamed, Menna M Hasan, Ibrahim H Abdullah, Ahmed M Abdellah, Ali M Yehia, Nashaat Ahmed, Walaa Abbas, Nageh K Allam
A strategy for trace-level carbon-based electrochemical sensors is investigated via exploring the interesting properties of BaNb2 O6 nanofibers (NFs). Utilizing adsorptive stripping square wave voltammetry (ASSWV), an electrochemical sensing platform was developed based on BaNb2 O6 nanofibers-modified carbon paste electrode (CPE) for the sensitive detection of lornoxicam (LOR). Different techniques were used to characterize the fabricated BaNb2 O6 perovskite NFs. The obtained data show the feasibility to electro-oxidize LOR and paracetamol (PAR) on the surface of the fabricated sensor...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759137/low-amounts-of-bisecting-glycans-characterize-cerebrospinal-fluid-borne-igg
#17
Jasmin Knopf, Iryna Magorivska, Juan M Maler, Philipp Spitzer, Rostyslav Bilyy, Mona H C Biermann, Kateryna Hychka, Albert Bondt, Manfred Wuhrer, Rene E M Toes, Georg Schett, Martin Herrmann, Luis E Muñoz
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) harbors a conserved N-glycosylation site which is important for its effector functions. Changes in glycosylation of IgG occur in many autoimmune diseases but also in physiological conditions. Therefore, the glycosylation pattern of serum IgG is well characterized. However, limited data is available on the glycosylation pattern of IgG in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) compared to serum. Here, we report significantly reduced levels of bisected glycans in CSF IgG. Galactosylation and sialylation of IgG4 also differed significantly...
July 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757709/how-to-assess-the-best-immunohistochemical-panel-in-the-diagnosis-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-in-a-pathology-lab
#18
Mona Mlika, Oumeima Lamzibri, Saoussen Bacha, Soumeya Laabidi, Chokri Haddouchi, Faouzi El Mezni
BACKGROUND: malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare tumor with a challenging diagnosis. Even if, clinical data are mandatory to suspect the diagnosis, the positive diagnosis is based on microscopic features. Morphologic features are still the port of call of the diagnosis but their non specific character and the multiplicity of differential diagnoses made the immunohistochemical markers mandatory for the diagnosis. Many antibodies with a positive diagnostic value including claretinin, mesothelin, WT1 and antibodies with a negative diagnostic value including TTF1, EMA, CD15 are recommended by the scientific societies...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757592/the-profile-of-toll-like-receptor-2-tlr2-tlr4-and-their-cytosolic-downstream-signaling-pathway-in-common-variable-immunodeficiency-cvid-patients
#19
Laleh Sharifi, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Nima Rezaei, Reza Yazdani, Mahdi Mahmoudi, Mohammad Mehdi Amiri, Farimah Masoumi, Saied Bokaie, Parsova Tavasolian, Rouzbeh Sanaei, Mona Moshiri, Naeimeh Tavakolinia, Tina Alinia, Gholamreza Azizi, Abbas Mirshafiey
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common clinical primary antibody deficiency, characterized by increased susceptibility to recurrent bacterial infections. Since Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in the maturation and differentiation of B-cells, TLRs' defect can be involved in the pathogenesis of CVID. Therefore, we evaluated the expression of TLR2 and TLR4 and their signaling pathway; also their association with autoimmunity, B-cell subtypes and response to pneumovax-23 were assessed in CVID patients...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757041/successful-treatment-of-acne-keloidalis-nuchae-with-erbium-yag-laser-a-comparative-study
#20
Hend D Gamil, Elsayed M Khater, Fathia M Khattab, Mona A Khalil
BACKGROUND: Acne keloidalis nuchae (AKN) is a chronic inflammatory disease involving hair follicles of the neck. It is a form of keloidal scarring alopecia that is often refractory to medical or surgical management. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of Er:YAG laser in the treatment of AKN as compared to long pulsed Nd:YAG laser. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 30 male patients with AKN. Their ages ranged from 19 to 47 years with a mean age of 36...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
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