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phage display

Qian Wang, Shi-Bing Li, Yi-Ying Zhao, Da-Nian Dai, Hui Du, Yan-Zhu Lin, Jia-Cong Ye, Jing Zhao, Wei Xiao, Yan Mei, Yi-Tai Xiao, Shi-Chu Liu, Yan Li, Yun-Fei Xia, Er-Wei Song, Gang-Hua Tang, Wei-Guang Zhang, Zhi-Jiang Li, Xiao-Bin Zheng, De-Hai Cao, Man-Zhi Li, Qian Zhong, Zhong-Ping Chen, Chao-Nan Qian, Wei Fan, Guo-Kai Feng, Mu-Sheng Zeng
The sodium pump Na+ /K+ ATPase a1 subunit(NKA a1), an attractive cancer-related biomarker and therapeutic target, is closely related to the development and progression of several cancers including breast cancer. Currently, a NKA a1 inhibitor, UNBS1450, has already evidenced its great therapeutic potential in personalized cancer treatment. The ability of non-invasive imaging of NKA a1 expression would be useful for selecting cancer patients who may benefit from this drug. Here, we identified an S3 peptide that is specifically homed to breast cancer by phage display...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Warren Lee, Syed A Ali, Leow Chiuan Yee, Tan Soo Choon, Leow Chiuan Herng
Anti-salbutamol antibodies remain as important tools for the detection of salbutamol abuse in athletic doping. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficiency of the chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) as an immunization host to generate anti-salbutamol scFv antibodies by phage display. A phage display antibody library was constructed from a single chicken immunized against salbutamol-KLH conjugate. After a stringent biopanning strategy, a novel scFv clone which was inhibited by free salbutamol recorded the highest affinity...
May 15, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Maja G Rydahl, Aleksander R Hansen, Stjepan K Kračun, Jozef Mravec
Plant cell walls are highly complex structures composed of diverse classes of polysaccharides, proteoglycans, and polyphenolics, which have numerous roles throughout the life of a plant. Significant research efforts aim to understand the biology of this cellular organelle and to facilitate cell-wall-based industrial applications. To accomplish this, researchers need to be provided with a variety of sensitive and specific detection methods for separate cell wall components, and their various molecular characteristics in vitro as well as in situ ...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Samuel J S Rubin, Nir Qvit
Backbone-cyclized peptides and peptidomimetics integrate the biological activity and pharmacological features necessary for successful research tools and therapeutics. In general, these structures demonstrate improved maintenance of bioactive conformation, stability and cell permeability compared to their linear counterparts, while maintaining support for a variety of side chain chemistries. We explain how backbone cyclization and cycloscan techniques allow scientists to cyclize linear peptides with retained or enhanced biological activity and improved drug-like features...
May 17, 2018: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Zeynep Okur, Oya I Senturk, Canelif Yilmaz, Gulcihan Gulseren, Busra Mammadov, Mustafa O Guler, Ayse B Tekinay
Promotion of neurite outgrowth is an important limiting step for regeneration in nerve injury and depends strongly on the local expression of nerve growth factor (NGF). The rational design of bioactive materials is a promising approach for the development of novel therapeutic methods for nerve regeneration, and biomaterials capable of presenting NGF to nerve cells are especially suitable for this purpose. In this study, we show bioactive peptide amphiphile (PA) nanofibers capable of promoting neurite outgrowth by displaying high density binding epitopes for NGF...
May 17, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Leon A Venegas, Stefanie L Kall, Oluwadamilola Bankole, Arnon Lavie, Brian Kay
Transcription factor c-Myc is an oncoprotein that is regulated at the post-translational level through phosphorylation of two conserved residues, Serine 62 (Ser62) and Threonine 58 (Thr58). A highly specific tool capable of recognizing Myc via pThr58 is needed to monitor activation and localization. Through phage display, we have isolated 10 engineered Forkhead-associated (FHA) domains that selectively bind to a phosphothreonine (pThr)-containing peptide (53-FELLPpTPPLSPS-64) segment of human c-Myc. One domain variant was observed to bind to the Myc-pThr58 peptide with a KD value of 800 nM and had >1,000-fold discrimination between the phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated peptide...
May 12, 2018: New Biotechnology
Gang Fan, Christopher Dundas, Cheng Zhang, Nathaniel A Lynd, Benjamin Keith Keitz
We report a non-covalent surface functionalization technique for water-stable metal organic frameworks (MOFs) using short peptide sequences identified via phage display. Specific frameworks binding peptides were identified for crystalline Zn(MeIM)2 (MeIM = 2-methylimidazole, ZIF-8), semi-amorphous Fe-BTC (BTC = 1,3,5-benzene-tricarboxylate) and Al(OH)(C4H2O4) (MIL-53(Al)-FA, FA: fumaric acid) and their thermodynamic binding affinities and specificities were measured. Electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, and gas adsorption analysis confirmed that the peptide functionalized frameworks retained similar characteristics compared to their as-synthesized counterparts...
May 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yu-Hsiu Su, Tai-Yun Lin, Hung-Jen Liu, Chin-Kai Chuang
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are currently believed to be involved in tumor metastasis and relapse. And treatments against CSCs are well concerned issues. Peptides targeting to mouse and human CSCs were screened from an M13 phage display library. The first subset of cancer stem cell homing peptides (CSC HPs), CSC HP-1 to -12, were screened with mouse EMT6 breast cancer stem cells. Among them, CSC HP-1, CSC HP-3, CSC HP-8, CSC HP-9, and CSC HP-10 can bind to mouse CT26 colon CSCs; CSC HP-1, CSC HP-2, CSC HP-3, and CSC HP-8 can bind to mouse Hepa1-6 liver CSCs; as well as CSC HP-1, CSC HP-2, CSC HP-3, CSC HP-8, CSC HP-9, CSC HP-10, and CSC HP-11 can bind to human PANC-1 pancreatic CSCs...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
Babak Bakhshinejad, Habib Nasiri
Tumor-targeted therapies are playing growing roles in cancer research. The exploitation of these powerful therapeutic modalities largely depends on the discovery of tumor-targeting ligands. Phage display has proven a promising high throughput screening tool for the identification of novel specific peptides with high binding affinity to cancer cells. In the present study, we describe the use of phage display to isolate peptide ligands binding specifically to human lung cancer cells. Towards this goal, we screened a phage display library of 7-mer random peptides in-vitro on non-small cell lung carcinoma (A549) as the target cell...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Dongho Kim, ShinA Jang, Jihye Oh, Seungsu Han, Soobin Park, Prachetash Ghosh, Dong-Kwon Rhee, Sangho Lee
Pep27 from Streptococcus pneumoniae is reported to initiate pneumococcal autolysis, thereby constituting a major virulence factor. Although a few antisera recognizing Pep27 have been reported, no monoclonal, well-characterized antibody for Pep27 has been developed. Here we screened two single-chain antibody variable fragments (scFv) using a phage display from a large human synthetic scFv library to select clones E2 and F9. Dissociation constants (Kd ) of E2 and F9 were 1.1 μM and 0.50 μM, respectively...
May 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Louise Hock, Annika Gillis, Jacques Mahillon
Bacteriophage Deep-Purple, isolated from an agricultural soil in Belgium, lyses the emetic Bacillus weihenstephanensis strain LH002 and exhibits a lytic activity against 55% of emetic Bacillus cereus and B. weihenstephanensis strains. Deep-Purple is able to complete its lytic cycle within 45 min and is stable to a large range of pHs and temperatures below 60 °C. It possesses an icosahedral head of about 63 nm in diameter and a non-contractile tail of approximately 165 nm in length. The genome of this newly classifiable Siphoviridae family member is 36,278 bp long, with a G+C content of 38...
May 11, 2018: Archives of Virology
Yongjuan Wang, Pingfu Cui, Shanyuan Zhu, Ting Meng, Fuxing Hao, Guoqiang Zhu, Weiyong Zuo
To construct phage antibody library for VP3 protein of duck hepatitis virus type 1(DHAV-1) and pan the specific single-chain variable fragment antibody (scFv), total RNA was extracted from the protein VP3- immunized mice spleen., vp3 gene encoding VP3 protein was amplified from the genome of DHAV-1 by RT-PCR method for the following recombinant pET-VP3 construction, immunogenic VP3 expression and purification, and combined with SOE-PCR method to complete the assembly of scFv. The scFv gene was cloned into pCANTAB5E vector for phage antibody library construction...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
Da Li, Tan Zhang, Xiqin Yang, Jie Geng, Shaohua Li, Hongmei Ding, Hui Li, Aixue Huang, Chaonan Wang, Leqiao Sun, Chenjun Bai, Heqiu Zhang, Jie Li, Jie Dong, Ningsheng Shao
Human vasorin (VASN) as a type I transmembrane protein, is a potential biomarker of hepatocellular carcinoma, which could expedite HepG2 cell proliferation and migration significantly in vitro . The ectodomain of VASN was proteolytically released to generate soluble VASN (sVASN), which was validated to be the active form. Among several monoclonal antibodies produced against sVASN, the clone V21 was found to bind with the recombinant human sVASN (rhsVASN) with the highest affinity and specificity, and also have inhibitory effects on proliferation and migration of HepG2 cells...
2018: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Kurt Ballmer-Hofer, Caroline A C Hyde, Thomas Schleier, Dragana Avramovic
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) is the main mediator of angiogenic signaling in endothelial cells and a primary responder to VEGF. VEGF dependent VEGFR-2 activation regulates endothelial cell migration and proliferation, as well as vessel permeability. VEGF is presented as an antiparallel homodimer, and its binding to VEGFR-2 brings two receptors in close proximity. Downstream signaling is triggered by receptor dimerization, kinase activation, and receptor internalization. Our aim was to further investigate allosteric inhibition using binders targeting extracellular subdomains 4⁻7 of VEGFR-2 as an alternative to existing anti-angiogenic therapies, which rely on neutralizing VEGF or blocking of the ligand-binding site on the receptor...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Kenton J Hetrick, Mark C Walker, Wilfred A van der Donk
Peptide display has enabled identification and optimization of ligands to many targets. These ligands are usually linear or disulfide-containing peptides that are vulnerable to proteolysis or reduction. We report yeast surface and phage display of lanthipeptides, macrocyclic ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs). Lanthipeptides contain multiple thioether cross-links that bestow their biological activities. We developed C-terminal yeast display of the class II lanthipeptides lacticin 481 and haloduracin β, and randomization of the C-ring of the former was used to select tight binders to αvβ3 integrin...
April 25, 2018: ACS Central Science
Sara D'Angelo, Fernanda I Staquicini, Fortunato Ferrara, Daniela I Staquicini, Geetanjali Sharma, Christy A Tarleton, Huynh Nguyen, Leslie A Naranjo, Richard L Sidman, Wadih Arap, Andrew Rm Bradbury, Renata Pasqualini
We developed a potentially novel and robust antibody discovery methodology, termed selection of phage-displayed accessible recombinant targeted antibodies (SPARTA). This combines an in vitro screening step of a naive human antibody library against known tumor targets, with in vivo selections based on tumor-homing capabilities of a preenriched antibody pool. This unique approach overcomes several rate-limiting challenges to generate human antibodies amenable to rapid translation into medical applications. As a proof of concept, we evaluated SPARTA on 2 well-established tumor cell surface targets, EphA5 and GRP78...
May 3, 2018: JCI Insight
Urpo Lamminmäki, Gaurav Batra, Petri Saviranta
Novel affinity reagents, such as single chain (scFv) antibody fragments, can be generated by isolating them from recombinant protein libraries using phage display selection. A successful selection process against a target protein can produce a number of binder candidates among which the desired binders are identified by screening and characterization of individual clones. Obtaining information on the binding properties, such as the binding epitope, already during the screening step helps to choose the most useful candidates for further development at early phase saving time and resources...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Xiangying Deng, Youcong Zhu, Pei Dai, Minjun Yu, Liesong Chen, Cuiming Zhu, Xiaoxing You, Lingling Li, Yanhua Zeng
Mycoplasma genitalium adhesion protein (MgPa) is a major adhesin of M. genitalium, a human pathogen associated with a series of genitourinary tract diseases. MgPa plays a very important role in M. genitalium adhering to the host cells. However, the exact receptor peptides or proteins of MgPa are still poorly understood so far. Three polypeptides (V-H-W-D-F-R-Q-W-W-Q-P-S), (D-W-S-S-W-V -Y-R-D-P-Q-T) and (H-Y-I-D-F-R-W) were previously screened from a phage display random peptide library using recombinant MgPa (rMgPa) as a target molecule...
April 27, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Kelly McCarthy, Michael A Kelly, Kaicheng Li, Samantha Cambray, Azade Hosseini, Tim van Opijnen, Jianmin Gao
Antibiotic resistance of bacterial pathogens poses an increasing threat to the wellbeing of our society and urgently calls for new strategies for infection diagnosis and antibiotic discovery. The antibiotic resistance problem to a large extent arises from extensive use of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Ideally, for the treatment of infection, one would like to use a narrow-spectrum antibiotic that specifically targets and kills the disease causing strain. This is particularly important considering the commensal bacterial species that are beneficial and sometimes even critical to the health of a human being...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Deniz Sahin, Sevket Onur Taflan, Gizem Yartas, Hassan Ashktorab, Duane T Smoot
Background: Gastric cancer is the second most common cancer among the malign cancer types. Inefficiency of traditional techniques both in diagnosis and therapy of the disease makes the development of alternative and novel techniques indispensable. As an alternative to traditional methods, tumor specific targeting small peptides can be used to increase the efficiency of the treatment and reduce the side effects related to traditional techniques. The aim of this study is screening and identification of individual peptides specifically targeted to human gastric cancer cells using a phage-displayed peptide library and designing specific peptide sequences by using experimentally-eluted peptide sequences...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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